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Keyword: darkforce

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  • NASA Says Indian Scientist's Theory Is Correct, Black Holes Don't Really Exist

    11/29/2015 4:24:52 PM PST · by Jyotishi · 49 replies
    India Times ^ | November 27, 2015 | Bobins Abraham
    American space agency, the NASA had recently observed flares of X-rays from a black hole, which goes against the conventional notion that they are compact particles with such huge gravity that even light can't escape. Last month NASA announced that two of its space telescopes caught a huge burst of X-ray spewing out of a super massive black hole. These flairs appeared to be be triggered by the eruption of a charged particle from the black hole, which according to conventional belief doesn't let anything out. The latest findings are in accordance with the theory of Indian astrophysicist Abhas Mitra...
  • Stephen Hawking was right: 'Black hole' created in a lab confirms the late physicist's [tr]

    05/30/2019 3:59:10 AM PDT · by C19fan · 29 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | May 29, 2019 | James Pero
    After the first-ever image of a black hole confirmed theories posited by Einstein, it's the late scientist Stephen Hawking's turn to have parts of his life's work vindicated. In a paper published in Nature, scientists say that have verified the scientist's namesake theory, Hawking Radiation, which hypothesized that black holes emit radiation from their surfaces due to a mix of different factors regarding quantum physics and gravity. To verify the theory, scientists at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology turned to what sounds like mad science: creating their own black hole.
  • The universe may be a billion years younger than we thought. Scientists are scrambling...

    05/19/2019 7:11:57 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 69 replies
    NBC ^ | May 18, 2019, | Corey S. Powell
    By 2013, the European Planck space telescope's detailed measurements of cosmic radiation seemed to have yielded the final answer: 13.8 billion years old. All that was left to do was to verify that number using independent observations of bright stars in other galaxies. Then came an unexpected turn of events. A few teams, including one led by Nobel laureate Adam Riess of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, set out to make those observations. Instead of confirming Planck's measurements, they started getting a distinctly different result. At first, the common assumption was that Riess and the other galaxy-watchers had...
  • Something Strange Punched a Hole in the Milky Way. But What Exactly Is It?

    05/16/2019 7:52:15 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 47 replies
    There's a "dark impactor" blasting holes in our galaxy. Stellar streams are lines of stars moving together across galaxies, often originating in smaller blobs of stars that collided with the galaxy in question. Under normal conditions, the stream should be more or less a single line, stretched out by our galaxy's gravity, she said in her presentation. Astronomers would expect a single gap in the stream, at the point where the original globular cluster was before its stars drifted away in two directions. But Bonaca showed that GD-1 has a second gap. And that gap has a ragged edge —...
  • Black holes' magnetism surprisingly wimpy

    12/07/2017 2:52:50 PM PST · by LibWhacker · 23 replies
    ScienceDaily ^ | 12/7/17
    Black holes are famous for their muscle: an intense gravitational pull known to gobble up entire stars and launch streams of matter into space at almost the speed of light. It turns out the reality may not live up to the hype. In a paper published today in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought. A 40-mile-wide black hole 8,000 light years from Earth named V404 Cygni yielded the first precise measurements of the magnetic field that surrounds the deepest wells of...
  • Dark matter exists: Observations disprove alternate explanations

    04/30/2019 8:34:49 PM PDT · by ETL · 26 replies
    Phys.org ^ | International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA)
    Acceleration as a function of radius in NGC 4455, one of the studied galaxies As fascinating as it is mysterious, dark matter is one of the greatest enigmas of astrophysics and cosmologyIt is thought to account for 90 percent of the matter in the universe, but its existence has been demonstrated only indirectly, and has recently been called into question New research conducted by SISSA removes the recent doubts on the presence of dark matter within galaxies, disproving the empirical relations in support of alternative theories. The study, published in the Astrophysical Journal, also offers new insights into understanding the...
  • Dark Matter is Real. “Dark Matter” is a Terrible Name for It

    04/03/2019 3:25:28 PM PDT · by LibWhacker · 63 replies
    Discover Magazine ^ | 4/1/19 | Corey S. Powell
    Astronomers have been grappling with the mystery of dark matter for a long time, and I mean a looong time. The history of dark-matter investigations goes back at least to 1906, when physicist Henri Poincaré’s 1906 speculated about the amount of “matière obscure” in the Milky Way. Or really, it goes to back to 1846 and the first successful detection of dark matter: the discovery of the planet Neptune, whose existence had been inferred by its gravitational pull well before it was actually observed. Since then, scientists have identified many different dark components in space: collapsed stars, interstellar dust, hot...
  • NASA accurately calculates Milky Way's weight using Gaia, Hubble telescopes

    03/09/2019 10:18:12 AM PST · by ETL · 47 replies
    FoxNews.com/Science ^ | Mar 8, 2019 | Ann W. Schmidt | Fox News
    Scientists have finally been able to accurately calculate the weight of the Milky Way, overcoming the difficult hurdle of measuring dark matter, the European Space Agency (ESA) announced Thursday. After years of struggling to estimate the size of our galaxy, astronomers with NASA and the ESA used data from the Hubble Space Telescope and the ESA’s Gaia mission to determine the Milky Way weighs about 1.5 trillion solar masses within a radius of 129,000 light years from the center. Because dark matter makes up about 90 percent of the galaxy, estimates of the Milky Way’s weight have differed widely in...
  • New Map of Dark Matter Spanning 10 Million Galaxies Hints at a Flaw in Our Physics

    02/15/2019 8:12:19 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 48 replies
    Science Alert ^ | 14 FEB 2019 | MICHELLE STARR
    An invisible force is having an effect on our Universe. We can't see it, and we can't detect it - but we can observe how it interacts gravitationally with the things we can see and detect, such as light. Now an international team of astronomers has used one of the world's most powerful telescopes to analyse that effect across 10 million galaxies in the context of Einstein's general relativity. The result? The most comprehensive map of dark matter across the history of the Universe to date. ... "If further data shows we're definitely right, then it suggests something is missing...
  • A Brief History of Black Holes

    12/29/2018 5:39:27 PM PST · by MtnClimber · 18 replies
    Real Clear Science ^ | 29 Dec, 2018 | Carla Rodrigues Almeida
    Late in 2018, the gravitational wave observatory, LIGO, announced that they had detected the most distant and massive source of ripples of spacetime ever monitored: waves triggered by pairs of black holes colliding in deep space. Only since 2015 have we been able to observe these invisible astronomical bodies, which can be detected only by their gravitational attraction. The history of our hunt for these enigmatic objects traces back to the 18th century, but the crucial phase took place in a suitably dark period of human history – World War II. The concept of a body that would trap light,...
  • Matter Sucked in by Black Holes May Travel into the Future, Get Spit Back Out

    12/21/2018 12:36:00 PM PST · by ETL · 82 replies
    LiveScience.com ^ | Dec 18, 2018 | Don Lincoln, Senior Scientist, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory; Adjunct Professor of Physics
    Black holes are among the most mysterious places in the universe; locations where the very fabric of space and time are warped so badly that not even light can escape from them. According to Einstein's theory of general relativity, at their center lies a singularity, a place where the mass of many stars is crushed into a volume with exactly zero size. However, two recent physics papers, published on Dec.10 in the journals Physical Review Letters and Physical Review D, respectively, may make scientists reconsider what we think we know about black holes. Black holes might not last forever, and...
  • Bringing balance to the universe: New theory could explain missing 95 percent of the cosmos

    12/05/2018 9:02:07 AM PST · by ETL · 89 replies
    Scientists at the University of Oxford may have solved one of the biggest questions in modern physics, with a new paper unifying dark matter and dark energy into a single phenomenon: a fluid which possesses 'negative mass." If you were to push a negative mass, it would accelerate towards you. This astonishing new theory may also prove right a prediction that Einstein made 100 years ago. Our current, widely recognised model of the Universe, called LambdaCDM, tells us nothing about what dark matter and dark energy are like physically. We only know about them because of the gravitational effects they...
  • Discovery of Hotspots Circling Milky Way Black Hole Has Astronomers Excited

    11/21/2018 7:58:43 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 30 replies
    Space.com ^ | November 21, 2018 08:00am ET | Samantha Mathewson,
    Broderick's work builds on earlier research by two teams that studied the galactic center of the Milky Way in near-infrared. This included the work of Reinhard Genzel, an astronomer from the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, Germany, as well as researchers Andrea Ghez and Mark Morris of University of California, Los Angeles. At the time, their work revealed that the center of the Milky Way wasn't steady, but instead would drastically brighten about once a day for about 30 or 40 minutes, Broderick said. Researchers think supermassive black holes exist at the center of most, if not...
  • Large, strangely dim galaxy found lurking on far side of Milky Way

    11/13/2018 10:17:10 AM PST · by ETL · 15 replies
    ScienceMag.com ^ | Nov 13, 201 | Adam Mann
    Circling our galaxy is a stealthy giant. Astronomers have discovered a dwarf galaxy, called Antlia 2, that is one-third the size of the Milky Way itself. As big as the Large Magellanic Cloud, the galaxy’s largest companion, Antlia 2 eluded detection until now because it is 10,000 times fainter. Such a strange beast challenges models of galaxy formation and dark matter, the unseen stuff that helps pull galaxies together. “It’s a very odd object and kind of exciting because we don’t know yet how to interpret all of its properties,” says Andrey Kravtsov of The University of Chicago in Illinois,...
  • Bringing Dark Energy Out into the Light

    10/28/2018 1:28:32 PM PDT · by ETL · 32 replies
    Space.com ^ | Oct 18, 2018 | Paul Sutter, Astrophysicist
    Let's talk about dark energy. We've known for about 20 years that the expansion of our universe is accelerating; every day, our cosmos grows bigger and bigger, doing so faster and faster. It's a subtle effect, and it takes extensive and deep cosmological surveys and studies for scientists to notice it. But multiple independent lines of evidence all point to the same conclusion: accelerating expansion. Astronomers quickly cooked up a cool name for that accelerated expansion: dark energy. But now we’re left with the much harder job of finding a culprit — what's causing it? A universal mistake We use...
  • "We Truly Don't Know What It Is" --Mystery Milky-Way Spectrum of Light Observed...

    04/18/2018 12:04:23 AM PDT · by LibWhacker · 34 replies
    "We Truly Don't Know What It Is" --Mystery Milky-Way Spectrum of Light Observed 'Not Produced By Any Known Emission' April 17, 2018   "We use special telescopes to catch X-ray light in the sky, and while looking at these X-rays, the telescopes noticed an unexpected feature and captured a spectrum of light, which is not produced by any known atomic emission," said University of Miami astrophysicist Nico Cappelluti. "This emission line is now called the 3.5 kiloelectron volt (keV). One interpretation of this emission line is that it's produced by the decay of dark matter." "This 3.5 keV emission line is...
  • How to catch a ripple in spacetime

    06/19/2016 12:26:13 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 16 replies
    Ideas.ted.com ^ | 17 Jun, 2016 | Janna Levin
    How do you build a real-world machine to test the most abstract of theories? Janna Levin talks with Rai Weiss, one of the original designers of LIGO, the four-kilometer-long instrument that has now twice detected the distant reverberations of two black holes crashing into one another. Janna Levin is a theoretical physicist — she works with pen and paper to turn the elegant rules of the universe into theory. Rainer Weiss, or Rai, as he’s known, is an experimental physicist — he thinks about how to find and measure something that may or may not exist outside of theory. Weiss...
  • Do We Need to Revise General Relativity?

    05/20/2016 11:56:18 AM PDT · by MtnClimber · 39 replies
    Real Clear Science ^ | Ross Pomeroy
    The idea that our Universe is filled with dark matter has been around for nearly a century. When astronomers noticed that orbital speeds towards the edges of spiral galaxies remain the same or even increase slightly, rather than decrease, they surmised that either there must be some huge unseen mass driving the rotation, or that the laws of gravity given by Einstein's General Relativity need to be changed. They elected the first option. Over that time, cosmologists have accumulated boatloads of evidence in favor of the notion that this invisible, "dark" matter -- which neither interacts with nor emits light...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- LIGO Detects Gravitational Waves from Merging Black Holes

    02/11/2016 4:37:17 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 30 replies
    NASA ^ | February 11, 2016 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: Gravitational radiation has been directly detected. The first-ever detection was made by both facilities of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) in Washington and Louisiana simultaneously last September. After numerous consistency checks, the resulting 5-sigma discovery was published today. The measured gravitational waves match those expected from two large black holes merging after a death spiral in a distant galaxy, with the resulting new black hole momentarily vibrating in a rapid ringdown. A phenomenon predicted by Einstein, the historic discovery confirms a cornerstone of humanity's understanding of gravity and basic physics. It is also the most direct detection of...
  • Galactic center's gamma rays unlikely to originate from dark matter, evidence shows

    02/05/2016 1:08:03 PM PST · by MtnClimber · 15 replies
    Princeton University ^ | 4 Feb, 2016 | Catherine Zandonella, Office of the Dean for Research
    Bursts of gamma rays from the center of our galaxy are not likely to be signals of dark matter but rather other astrophysical phenomena such as fast-rotating stars called millisecond pulsars, according to two new studies, one from a team based at Princeton University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and another based in the Netherlands. Previous studies suggested that gamma rays coming from the dense region of space in the inner Milky Way galaxy could be caused when invisible dark matter particles collide. But using new statistical analysis methods, the two research teams independently found that the gamma ray...