Thank you for your explanatory reply! Based on this information, then, it is in the hands of Congress to pass legislation which stipulates those exceptions and to issue regulations pertaining thereto.
Very interesting. Should a future Congress elect to reasert this power, (as we all know this Congress will not), in theory no one could claim to be a legitimate party in case of a lawsuit, nor could any judicial entity be a legitimate jurisdiction to hear such a lawsuit. I suspect, however, an attempt by such a bold Congress to reclaim their original power would be challenged in the courts and we could find ourselves in a true constitutional crisis should the SCOTUS reject their constitutional argument. I suppose that is when the Congress would simply make it clear that the SCOTUS opinion is of null effect and ignore the black robes altogether.
That makes me wonder how the “people” would handle such a crisis?