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Ancient asteroid impacts played a role in creation of Earth’s future continents
Heritage Daily ^ | 01/31/19

Posted on 02/01/2019 12:37:16 AM PST by Simon Green

More than 3.8 billion years ago, in a time period called the Hadean eon, our planet Earth was constantly bombarded by asteroids, which caused the large-scale melting of its surface rocks. Most of these surface rocks were basalts, and the asteroid impacts produced large pools of superheated impact melt of such composition. These basaltic pools were tens of kilometres thick, and thousands of kilometres in diameter.

“If you want to get an idea of what the surface of Earth looked like at that time, you can just look at the surface of the Moon which is covered by a vast amount of large impact craters,” says Professor Rais Latypov from the School of Geosciences of the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa.

The subsequent fate of these ancient, giant melt sheet remains, however, highly debatable. It has been argued that, on cooling, they may have crystallized back into magmatic bodies of the same, broadly basaltic composition. In this scenario, asteroid impacts are supposed to play no role in the formation of the Earth’s early evolved crust.

An alternative model suggests that these sheets may undergo large-scale chemical change to produce layered magmatic intrusions, such as the Bushveld Complex in South Africa. In this scenario, asteroid impacts may have played an important role in producing various igneous rocks in the early Earth’s crust and therefore they may have contributed to its chemical evolution.

There is no direct way to rigorously test these two competing scenarios because the ancient Hadean impact melts have been later obliterated by plate tectonics. However, by studying the younger impact melt sheet of the Sudbury Igneous Complex (SIC) in Canada, Latypov and his research team have inferred that ancient asteroid impacts were capable of producing various rock types from the earlier Earth’s basaltic crust. Most importantly, these impacts may have made the crust compositionally more evolved, i.e. silica-rich in composition. Their research has been published in a paper in Nature Communications.

The SIC is the largest, best exposed and accessible asteroid impact melt sheet on Earth, which has resulted from a large asteroid impact 1.85 billion years ago. This impact produced a superheated melt sheet of up to 5 km thick. The SIC now shows a remarkable magmatic stratigraphy, with various layers of igneous rocks.

“Our field and geochemical observations – especially the discovery of large discrete bodies of melanorites throughout the entire stratigraphy of the SIC – allowed us to reassess current models for the formation of the SIC and firmly conclude that its conspicuous magmatic stratigraphy is the result of large-scale fractional crystallization,” says Latypov.

“An important implication is that more ancient and primitive Hadean impact melt sheets on the early Earth and other terrestrial planets would also have undergone near-surface, large-volume differentiation to produce compositionally stratified bodies. The detachment of dense primitive layers from these bodies and their sinking into the mantle would leave behind substantial volumes of evolved rocks (buoyant crustal blocks) in the Hadean crust. This would make the crust compositionally layered and increasingly more evolved from its base towards the Earth’s surface.”

“These impacts made the crust compositionally more evolved – in other words, silica-rich in composition,” says Latypov. “Traditionally, researchers believe that such silica-rich evolved rocks – which are essentially building buoyant blocks of our continents – can only be generated deep in the Earth, but we now argue that such blocks can be produced at new-surface conditions within impact melt pools.”


TOPICS: Astronomy; Science
KEYWORDS: astronomy; bushveldcomplex; canada; catastrophism; continentaldrift; crevo; hadeaneon; junkscience; lateheavybombardment; notmyfault; oldearthspeculation; paleontology; platetectonics; raislatypov; science; southafrica; storkzilla; sudbury

1 posted on 02/01/2019 12:37:16 AM PST by Simon Green
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To: Simon Green; fieldmarshaldj; 75thOVI; Abathar; agrace; aimhigh; Alice in Wonderland; ...
Thanks Simon Green, nice find!



2 posted on 02/01/2019 9:31:06 AM PST by SunkenCiv (and btw -- https://www.gofundme.com/for-rotator-cuff-repair-surgery)
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To: SunkenCiv

Most of that is logical, and therefore believable. So thanks, SC! I always learn so much from the posts you ping us to!

:o]

‘Face


3 posted on 02/01/2019 9:54:51 AM PST by Monkey Face (The problem with socialism is you can vote your way into it but have to shoot your way out of it. FB)
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To: Monkey Face
Thanks, it's definitely a smart new take on the Late Heavy Bombardment.

4 posted on 02/01/2019 11:20:22 AM PST by SunkenCiv (and btw -- https://www.gofundme.com/for-rotator-cuff-repair-surgery)
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To: SunkenCiv

Galactic B-52’s


5 posted on 02/01/2019 2:57:34 PM PST by minnesota_bound
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To: minnesota_bound
Love Shack, baby.

6 posted on 02/04/2019 10:18:51 PM PST by SunkenCiv (and btw -- https://www.gofundme.com/for-rotator-cuff-repair-surgery)
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To: Simon Green

7 posted on 02/04/2019 10:21:47 PM PST by dfwgator (Endut! Hoch Hech!)
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