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The FReeper Foxhole Profiles The USAF Air Rescue Service - August 22, 2003
USAF Museum ^

Posted on 08/22/2003 2:52:36 AM PDT by snippy_about_it


Keep our Troops forever in your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.

God Bless America
...................................................................................... ...........................................

U.S. Military History, Current Events and Veterans Issues

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United States Air Force
Air Rescue Service

Air Rescue Service (ARS) Shield
The blue represents the sky, the golden light--a ray of hope for those in need. The angel symbolizes protection and rescue from danger, while the red robe signifies the valor with which ARS carries out its humanitarian mission.


In March 1946, the Air Rescue Service (ARS) was established under the Air Transport Command to provide rescue coverage for the continental United States. By 1949 ARS aircraft covered the world's transport routes and has served the USAF proudly since its inception. Rescue's worth has been proven time and again--996 combat saves in Korea and 2,780 in Southeast Asia.

Rescue During the Korean war

During the Korean War, the increased use of helicopters on rescue missions became a dominant factor in saving lives.

By the war's end, ARS crews were credited with the rescue of 9,898 United Nation's personnel; 996 were combat saves.

ARS Expands

After the Korean War, the USAF Air Rescue Service (ARS) resumed worldwide operations for rescue coverage and ARS Squadrons flew hundreds of humanitarian relief and rescue missions.

In 1966, the ARS was redesignated as the ARRS (Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service) to reflect its additional role of support for the U.S. space flights.

HU-16 Albatross, a rescue workhorse from the late 1940s to the early 1970s. Rocket units, mountable in flight on the fuselage, could be used to improve take-off performance.

In 1953, ARS adopted the SC-54D, a modified C-54 which could carry four MA-1 droppable rescue kits. Each kit contained a 40-person inflatable life raft that could be dropped more safely than the rigid boats.

Flood victims rescued by a USAF H-21 helicopter crew near Eureka, California (1965).

An HH-3C helicopter assigned to provide emergency recovery and transportation service in the Project Apollo launch area located at then-Patrick AFB, Florida (1967).

Apollo Command Module mock-up used by the 67th ARRS to train for potential emergency rescue missions. Subsequently used as a squadron "sign" at RAF Woodbridge, UK (c. 1981).

Arctic Rescue
B-17E "My Gal Sal"

On Jun. 27, 1942, the pilot of a B-17E named "My Gal Sal" was forced to make a belly-landing on the Greenland icecap while on a flight from the U.S. to England. He made an excellent landing, the only damage to the plane being bent propeller blades.

Once the downed plane had been located, Col. Balchen set out for its location in a PBY amphibian and landed on a lake about 25 miles distant. He and a Sgt. Healy then began walking to the B-17 across treacherous crevasses, snow bridges, drifts, and ice-cold rivers and pits of slush. It took them hours to reach the airplane and its 13 crew members. After a night of rest, Balchen and his companion led the 13 survivors slowly and carefully back to the lake where they boarded the Catalina and took off for Bluie West 8. The rescued men had been marooned for 10 days.

"My Gal Sal" was forgotten until Oct. 1964 when it was rediscovered from the air. It was still in fairly good condition, although the tail had been broken off by the constant movement of ice.

With USAF cooperation, the Society of Automotive Engineers sent a representative to the isolated site by helicopter in 1965 to gather samples of hydraulic fluid, rubber, canvas, and plexiglass materials, and navigational, hydraulic, and aircrew equipment items. These items were desired for laboratory evaluation as to the long-term effects on them by the cold, wet environment of the Arctic. Many significant facts were learned from the evaluation, facts which could be applied to such current military programs as the Titan and Minuteman ballistic missiles being maintained in an operational-readiness status in underground silos.

Tail Section of My Gal Sal as it appeared in 1965.

When My Gal Sal was rediscovered in 1964, the plane was relatively undamaged. By the time the recovery team reached the site a year later, the plane appeared as in this photo--A strong winter wind had blown the forward part onto its back, severely damaging it.

Four items recovered from "My Gal Sal"

Top left - Sextant from "My Gal Sal" which was severely corroded. This corrosion was not due to prolonged exposure of the instrument to the Arctic weather; rather it was caused by the chemical action from the badly decomposed batteries which were in the box with the sextant.
Top center - Bombsight stabilizer unit from the nose of "My Gal Sal." One half inch layer of powdered rust was found inside the unit, indicating that one side of it had been in constant contact was snow or ice.
Top right - Octant from "My Gal Sal" which when examined was found to have fungus growths on it. Cultures were taken and numerous types of fungi were identified. Surprisingly, they were the same types found on equipment returned to the U.S. from tropical areas following WWII.
Bottom - Mess kit from "My Gal Sal." The carbon deposits on the bottom indicate it had been used by the crew for heating food over an open frame sometime during the 10-day period they were marooned.

Rescue in Vietnam

The Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service peacetime force was not equipped to meet the demands of war in Southeast Asia in the early 1960s. As rescue capability increased during that war, ARRS crews saved 4,120 people--2,780 people in combat situations.

A-7 jets replaced A-1s for rescue escort in November, 1972. An A-7D was flown by Maj. Colin A. Clarke on a successful 9-hour rescue mission for which he received the Air Force Cross as Sandy 01, on-scene commander. About 75 aircraft participated in that search and rescue operation. Clarke's A-7D is displayed in the Museum's Modern Flight Hangar.

Firefighters at Phan Rang AB, South Vietnam, battle a simulated aircraft fire using an HH-43's airborne fire suppression kit plus downdraft from the rotors to open a path for "rescuers" (1970). Designed for base fire and crash rescue, the slow, unarmed "Huskie" was adapted for rescue early in the Vietnam War with the new nickname "Pedro." Its combat radius of only 75 miles was increased with added fuel drums strapped in the cabin and, before the availability of improved rescue helicopters, HH-43s sometimes flew deep into North Vietnam. HH-43s accounted for more lives saved than any other rescue helicopter in the Vietnam War.

The low and slow-flying FAC (forward air controller or "Nail") was a frequent rescue force component who served as on-scene commander until Sandy's arrival, helping locate the downed crewman, marking his location with smoke for the Sandys and pickup helicopter, and directing aircraft ground attacks.

In 1970, OV-10 "Broncos," such as this one at Ubon Air Base, Thailand, began working with search and rescue forces, replacing slower unarmed O-1s and O-2s as FAC aircraft. OV-10s equipped with PAVE NAIL night observation equipment could locate survivors at night or in bad weather and helped development of rescue operations relying more on advanced technology than merely courage, firepower, and tactics.

Twice Rescued, the story of Lt.Col. Vollmer

Lt. Col. Albert Vollmer flew 100 F-105 combat missions in Southeast Asia. He has the dubious distinction of having been shot down and rescued twice.

On January 13, 1965, while attacking a bridge in Laos, he ejected after his aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire. The following day, he made radio contact with a civilian Air America (CIA) C-123 which directed an Air America H-34 helicopter to him for the pickup. The H-34 was on a supply mission when it received the emergency call. The H-34 pilot landed in an open field, made all personnel but the winch operator exit the aircraft, then proceeded to make the rescue.

On August 17, 1967, Vollmer's F-105 was damaged by anti-aircraft fire over North Vietnam. He nursed his failing aircraft to the China Sea and ejected, sustaining severe leg injuries. His wingman and two A-1's provided cover during his descent and within 15 minutes, two Jolly Green Giant helicopters (Sikorsky H-3's) arrived to make the rescue.

Vollmer spent the next two years in and out of hospitals, recovering from his injuries, but 26 months after the rescue returned to flying status.

The 37th ARRS crew which rescued Col. Vollmer from the China Sea visited him at the hospital in Da Nang. The crew signed the "business card" (copy described below) which they presented to him on August 18, 1967 and for years he carried it for good luck. (Donated by Lt. Col. Albert C. Vollmer, USAF (Ret). Gahanna, Ohio)

The business card presented to Lt. Col. Vollmer reads:


Stay with chute/aircraft.
Conserve flares and radio.
Advise others of your position and condition.
Stay calm--others have been rescued under worse conditions than yours.
The bearer of this card, upon being suitably rescued, agrees to provide free cheer at the nearest bar for those making said rescue possible.
37th ARRS, APO 96337


[signed] CROWN
[signed] SANDY
[signed] JOLLY GREEN
[signed] PEDRO

Son Tay Prison Raid

On November 20-21, 1970, a joint force composed of USAF Special Operations and rescue personnel and U.S. Army Special Forces, supported by U.S. Navy Carrier Task Force 77, made a daring raid on the Son Tay prison camp located less than 30 miles from Hanoi, North Vietnam. The objective was to rescue as many as 100 U.S. captives thought to be held there.

The assault troops, in six ARRS helicopters accompanied by two C-130 aircraft, flew 400 miles to Son Tay from bases in Thailand. U.S. Navy pilots made a diversionary raid while 116 USAF and Navy aircraft from seven air bases and three aircraft carriers flew refueling, surface-to-air missile suppression, fighter cover, close air support, early warning, communications support and reconnaissance missions. Although no prisoners were found in camp, the raid was a brillant success in transporting, landing and recovering an assault force of 92 USAF and 56 Army personnel without the loss of a single man.

Although no prisoners were rescued, the raid focused world attention on the plight of the prisoners of war (POWs), raised their morale and resulted in improved living conditions for all U.S. prisoners of the North Vietnamese. The men of the Joint Task Force earned the admiration of their countymen for risking their lives in an attempt to bring freedom to others.

Rescue in the 1980s

In 1983, the ARRS merged with USAF Special Operations and formed the 23rd Air Force.

In 1989, the Air Rescue Service (ARS) was reactivated to include the responsibilities for combat rescue and support of NASA space missions and the Strategic Air Command missile sites, as well as atmospheric sampling for nuclear residue.

MH-60G Pave Hawk helicopter, developed in the late 1980's for special operations missions and combat rescue. It can be tranported by C-5 or C-141 aircraft, refueled in flight, operated at night in bad weather and is equipped with a hoist which can lift a litter patient, or three people at one time, while hovering 250 feet above the ground.

U.S. Air Force photograph b y MSgt. Rose Reynolds
U.S. Air Force MH60-J Pavehawk's onload pararescuemen. MH-60G Pave Hawk helicopters hover in formation as Pararescue Specialists ascend a rope ladder. The MH-60G's primary wartime missions are infiltration, exfiltration and resupply of special operations forces in day, night or marginal weather conditions. Other missions include combat search and rescue.

A Desert Storm Rescue... January 21, 1991

6:05 a.m. 160 miles inside Iraq, 30 miles from Baghdad:
Lts. Devon Jones and Larry Slade bail out of their U.S. Navy F-14 Tomcat when it is struck by an Iraqi missile.
8:00 a.m. Arar Airfield, Saudi Arabia:
USAF 20th Special Operations Squadron Capt. Tom Trask (pilot), Maj. Mike Homan (co-pilot) and crew take off in dense fog in an MH-53J Pave Low helicopter enroute to the crash site.
8:15 a.m. Iraqi border:
Capt. Trask and Maj. Homan drop their helicopter to a flight altitude of 15 feet to avoid enemy radar and proceed to the crash site.
8:50 a.m. Crash site vicinity, Iraq:
An enemy fighter appears, then retreats when two USAF F-15 Eagles pick the fighter up on their radar. Capt. Trask, Maj. Homan and crew join the search and rescue team and begin their search for Lts. Jones and Slade.
10:30 a.m. Unknown to the team, Lt. Slade is captured. (He is not released until March 4th, 1991)
Arar Airfield, Saudi Arabia:
The MH-53J crew are unable to locate the downed F-14 crew and return to refuel; they fly back to the crash site and resume their search.
1:55 p.m. Crash site vicinity, Iraq:
The helicopter crew make radio contact with Lt. Jones; one of the door gunners spots an enemy truck heading toward Jones.
Two USAF A-10A Thunderbolt IIs, components of the search and rescue team, remain despite critically low fuel and destroy the vehicle.
2:15 p.m. Capt. Trask lands the MH-53J less than 150 yards from the smoldering truck, and a crewman, Sgt. Ben Pennington, helps an exhausted but grateful Lt. Jones into the helicopter.
3:15 p.m. Iraqi border: Capt Trask, Maj. Homan, the crew and Lt. Jones return safely to Saudi Arabia.

(This mission was the first rescue of a downed airman in Iraq during Operation Desert Storm.)

KEYWORDS: 37tharrs; 38tharrs; 55tharrwing; aerospace; airrescueservices; ars; cholerajoe; freeperfoxhole; michaeldobbs; pitsenbarger; samsdayoff; usaf; veterans
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MOH Citation:

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, March 3, 1863, has awarded in the name of The Congress the Medal of Honor to


For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty.

Airman First Class Pitsenbarger distinguished himself by extreme valor on 11 April 1966 near Cam My, Republic of Vietnam, while assigned as a Pararescue Crew Member, Detachment 6, 38th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron.

On that date, Airman Pitsenbarger was aboard a rescue helicopter responding to a call for evacuation of casualties incurred in an ongoing firefight between elements of the United States Army’s 1st Infantry Division and a sizeable enemy force approximately 35 miles east of Saigon.

With complete disregard for personal safety, Airman Pitsenbarger volunteered to ride a hoist more than one hundred feet through the jungle, to the ground. On the ground, he organized and coordinated rescue efforts, cared for the wounded, prepared casualties for evacuation, and insured that the recovery operation continued in a smooth and orderly fashion.

Through his personal efforts, the evacuation of the wounded was greatly expedited. As each of the nine casualties evacuated that day was recovered, Airman Pitsenbarger refused evacuation in order to get more wounded soldiers to safety. After several pick-ups, one of the two rescue helicopters involved in the evacuation was struck by heavy enemy ground fire and was forced to leave the scene for an emergency landing. Airman Pitsenbarger stayed behind on the ground to perform medical duties. Shortly thereafter, the area came under sniper and mortar fire.

During a subsequent attempt to evacuate the site, American forces came under heavy assault by a large Viet Cong force. When the enemy launched the assault, the evacuation was called off and Airman Pitsenbarger took up arms with the besieged infantrymen. He courageously resisted the enemy, braving intense gunfire to gather and distribute vital ammunition to American defenders.

As the battle raged on, he repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire to care for the wounded, pull them out of the line of fire, and return fire whenever he could, during which time he was wounded three times. Despite his wounds, he valiantly fought on, simultaneously treating as many wounded as possible.

In the vicious fighting that followed, the American forces suffered 80 percent casualties as their perimeter was breached, and Airman Pitsenbarger was fatally wounded. Airmen Pitsenbarger exposed himself to almost certain death by staying on the ground, and perished while saving the lives of wounded infantrymen. His bravery and determination exemplify the highest professional standards and traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Air Force.

Today's Educational Sources and suggestions for further reading:"
1 posted on 08/22/2003 2:52:36 AM PDT by snippy_about_it
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To: CholeraJoe; All

One of our own, FReeper Foxhole regular CholeraJoe, served part of his time in the military as a Flight Surgeon for the Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service.

That's CholeraJoe on the right assuming command of the 1st Strategic Hospital, Vandenberg AFB, CA, 2 July 1989.

After completion of the Aerospace Medicine Primary course in 1982, he returned to Eglin AFB, FL where he flew with the 55th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Wing and the 20th Special Operations Squadron of the 1st Special Operations Wing at nearby Hurlburt Field.

After temporary duty in Honduras in 1985, and several tours with Air Force Systems Command and Strategic Air Command, he assumed command of the 1st Strategic Hospital, Vandenberg AFB, CA on July 2, 1989. During this assignment he flew numerous missions with Detachment 8, 38th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron in support of missile launches, range safety, night recovery, and over-water rescue missions.

CholeraJoe's Military Honors include the Meritorious Service Medal with 3 oak leaf clusters, the Air Force Achievement Medal with one oak leaf cluster, the National Defense Service Medal with one bronze star, the Southwest Asia Service Medal, the Humanitarian Service Medal, the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with 2 oak leaf clusters, the Air Force Organizational Excellence Award with one oak leaf cluster, the Air Force Recognition Ribbon and the Air Force Small Arms Expert Marksmanship Ribbon with one bronze star.

CholeraJoe's FR homepage

Governor Martz of Montana and CholeraJoe.

Thank you CholeraJoe for your Service.

Please join the Foxhole Thread today,share stories with us and have fun!

2 posted on 08/22/2003 2:57:46 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: SAMWolf; All

3 posted on 08/22/2003 2:58:45 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: Prof Engineer; PsyOp; Samwise; comitatus; copperheadmike; Monkey Face; WhiskeyPapa; ...
.......FALL IN to the FReeper Foxhole!

.......Good Friday Morning Everyone!

If you would like added or removed from our ping list let me know.
4 posted on 08/22/2003 3:00:04 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good morning, Snippy and eveyrone at the foxhole. How's it going?
5 posted on 08/22/2003 3:19:40 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: E.G.C.
Good Morning EGC. Everything's good, it's FRIDAY!!
6 posted on 08/22/2003 3:49:08 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: snippy_about_it

Today's classic warship, USS Concord (CL-10)

Omaha class light cruiser
Displacement: 7,050 t.
Length: 555’6”
Beam: 55’4”
Draft: 13’6”
Speed: 34 k.
Complement: 458
Armament: 12 6”; 4 3”; 10 21” torpedo tubes

The USS CONCORD (CL-10) was launched 15 December 1921 by William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia, Pa.; sponsored by Miss H. Butterick; and commissioned 3 November 1923, Captain O. G. Murfin in command.

On her maiden cruise, between 23 November 1923 and 9 April 1924, CONCORD called at Mediterranean ports, passed through the Suez Canal to round the Cape of Good Hope, and exercised with the fleet in the Caribbean before returning to Philadelphia. As flagship of Commander, Destroyer Squadrons, Scouting Fleet, she cruised the Caribbean and sailed through the Panama Canal to exercise in the Hawaiian Islands in 1924 and 1925. Continuing to operate in the Atlantic, she joined in the Presidential Fleet Review taken by Calvin Coolidge on 4 June 1927.

Serving as flagship of Commander, Cruiser Division 3, Battle Force, CONCORD cruised the Pacific from her base at San Diego after early 1932, exercising in the Canal Zone and the Caribbean in 1934. She took part in Presidential Fleet Reviews taken by Franklin D. Roosevelt on 30 September 1935 and 12 July 1938, and joined in fleet exercises in the Hawaiian area, in the Canal Zone, and off Alaska. After operating on the east coast in the winter of 1938-39, she returned to Pacific operations, and from 1 April 1940 was based at Pearl Harbor for a training schedule which intensified as war came closer.

When the United States entered the war, CONCORD was at San Diego preparing for a shipyard overhaul which she completed early in February 1942. Assigned to the Southeast Pacific Force, she escorted convoys to Bora Bora in the Society Islands, exercised in the Canal Zone, and cruised along the coast of South America and to the islands of the southeast Pacific, serving from time to time as flagship of her force. Between 5 September and 24 November 1943, she carried Rear Admiral R. E. Byrd on a tour to survey the potential use of a number of southeast Pacific islands in national defense and commercial aviation. During this cruise, she suffered a gasoline explosion which killed 22 men, including her executive officer, and caused considerable damage, which was repaired at Balboa.

With repairs completed in March 1944, CONCORD set sail northward to join the Northern Pacific Force at Adak 2 April. Serving as TF 94's flagship at the beginning of this duty, she joined in bombardments of the Kuriles which continued at intervals until the close of the war, preventing effective use by the Japanese of their bases there. Harassing the northern shipping lanes of Japan, her force sank several small craft, and on 25 August 1944, the destroyers of the force made an attack on a Japanese convoy.

On 31 August 1945, CONCORD stood out from Adak, covered the occupation landings at Ominato, Japan between 8 and 14 September, and sailed on to Pearl Harbor, the Canal Zone, Boston, and Philadelphia, where she was decommissioned 12 December 1945 and sold for scrap 21 January 1947.

CONCORD received one battle star for World War II service.

7 posted on 08/22/2003 5:12:35 AM PDT by aomagrat (IYAOYAS)
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To: snippy_about_it
Mornin' Snippy! TGIF!!!!
8 posted on 08/22/2003 5:17:50 AM PDT by SCDogPapa (In Dixie Land I'll take my stand to live and die in Dixie)
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To: snippy_about_it
Air Rescue Service (ARS) Shield The blue represents the sky, the golden light--a ray of hope for those in need. The angel symbolizes protection and rescue from danger, while the red robe signifies the valor with which ARS carries out its humanitarian mission.

An Angel?? OH I don't know. this could be a serious infringement of the separation of church and State!! I can only imagine the tramua that could be suffered by an atheist upon seeing this symbol of religion

Quick get the ACLU on the phone, where is the People For the American way, something MUST be done about this immediately
The Republic is in Danger..TO ARMS..MAN THE BARRICADES!!

9 posted on 08/22/2003 5:24:36 AM PDT by Valin (America is a vast conspiracy to make you happy.)
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To: aomagrat
Thanks aomagrat.

Once again you peak my curiosity and send me on a research mission for my education...bombardments of the Kuriles.

10 posted on 08/22/2003 5:29:35 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: SCDogPapa


11 posted on 08/22/2003 5:30:24 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: Valin
If it weren't so true it would be laughable.

What a sad state of affairs that our supremes are unable to interpret something so simple as this.
12 posted on 08/22/2003 5:32:12 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: snippy_about_it
Mornin', and TGIF indeed!
13 posted on 08/22/2003 5:46:46 AM PDT by thatdewd
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To: thatdewd
Mornin' dewd, good to see you dropping in!
14 posted on 08/22/2003 5:48:46 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: snippy_about_it
15 posted on 08/22/2003 5:50:59 AM PDT by manna
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; Darksheare; radu; *all


16 posted on 08/22/2003 5:55:36 AM PDT by Soaring Feather
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To: snippy_about_it
On This Day In History

Birthdates which occurred on August 22:
1836 Archibald M Willard US, artist (Spirit of '76)
1862 Claude Debussy St Germain-en-Laye, composer (La Mer, Clair de lune)
1891 Francis McDonald Bowling Green Ky, actor (Will-Adv of Champion)
1893 Dorothy Parker US, short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award)
1895 Paul White Bangor Maine, composer (Adante & Rondo for Cello)
1900 Elizabeth Bergner Vienna Austria, actress (Catherine the Great)
1903 Ren‚ Wellek Vienna Austria, writer (Concepts of Criticism)
1904 Deng Xiaoping Chinese leader (1976-1983)
1908 Henri Cartier-Bresson, photographer.
1909 Mel Hein NFL center (NY Giants)
1911 Edith Atwater Chic, actress (Phyllis-Love on a Rooftop)
1917 John Lee Hooker Mississippi, blues musician (Boom Boom Boom)
1920 Dr Denton Cooley heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant)
1920 Ray Bradbury Ill, sci-fi author (Fahrenheit 451, Illustrated Man, The Martian Chronicles)
1922 Micheline Presle Paris, actress (Nea, Donkey Skin)
1926 Honor Blackman London, actress (Pussy Galore-Goldfinger)
1928 John Lupton Highland Park Ill, actor (Tom-Broken Arrow)
1928 Karlheinz Stockhausen M”drath, Germany, composer (Kontrapunkte)
1932 Gerald P Carr Denver Colorado, Col USMC/astronaut (Skylab 4)
1933 Sylvia Koscina actress (Jessica, Hercules)
1934 Diana Sands actress (Raisin in the Sun, Doctor's Wife)
1934 Norman Schwartzkopf NJ, US General (Liberated Kuwait from Iraq)
1935 Morton Dean Fall River Mass, TV newscaster (CBS, ABC)
1939 Carl Yastrzemski NY, Boston Red Sox great (1967 AL MVP, Hall of Fame)
1940 George Reinholt Phila, (Another World, One Life to Live)
1940 Valerie Harper Sufferin NY, (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Rhoda, Valerie)
1942 Kathy Lennon Santa Monica Calif, singer (Lennon Sisters)
1945 James G Richardson Gainesville Fla, actor (Tim Cassidy-Sierra)
1945 Ron Dante Staten Island NY, rocker (Archies-Sugar, Sugar)
1947 Cindy Williams Van Nuys Calif, actress (Shirley-Laverne & Shirley)
1949 Diana Nyad swimmer (1st to swim Bahamas to Fla-1979)
1959 Juan Croucier heavy metal rocker (Ratt-Round & Round)
1961 Roland Orzabal singer (Tears for Fears-Shout, Head over Heels)
1963 Terry Catledge NBA star (Orlando Magic)
1964 Mats Wilander Sweden, tennis player (1988 US Open)
1966 Mark Michaels heavy metal guitarist (Teach Yourself Rhythm Guitar)

Deaths which occurred on August 22:
408 Flavius Stilicho, West Roman field leader
0634 Abd Allah Abu Bekr, Arabic merchant/1st caliph of Islam, dies
1485 Richard III, king of England (1483-85), killed in battle at 32
1818 Warren Hastings 1st governor-general of India (1773-84), dies at 85
1922 Michael Collins Sinn Fein leader, killed by rebels
1926 Charles William Elliot Pres of Harvard (1869-1909), dies at 92
1977 Sebastian Cabot actor (Mr French-Family Affair), dies at 59
1978 Jomo Kenyatta president of Kenya, dies at 83
1989 Black Panther co-founder Huey P. Newton was shot to death in Oakland, Calif.
1992 Vicki Weaver, murdered by an FBI sharpshooter, Lon Horiuchi.
1991 Colleen Dewhurst actress (Murphy Brown), dies of cancer at 67



POW / MIA Data & Bios supplied by
the P.O.W. NETWORK. Skidmore, MO. USA.

On this day...
565 St Columba reported seeing monster in Loch Ness
1138 English defeated Scots at Cowton Moor -- Banners of various saints were carried into battle which led to it being called Battle of the Standard
1350 John II, also known as John the Good, succeeds Philip VI as king of France.
1454 Jews are expelled from Brunn Moravia by order of King Ladislaus
1485 Richard III slain at Bosworth Field-last of Plantagenets
1642 Civil war in England begins as Charles I declares war on Parliament at Nottingham.
1762 1st female (Ann Franklin) US newspaper editor, Newport RI, Mercury
1775 King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion (DEAL WITH IT BABY)
1787 John Fitch's steamboat completes its tests, years before Fulton
1791 Haitian Revolution begins
1846 US annexes New Mexico
1851 Gold fields discovered in Australia
1851 Yacht "America" wins 1st Royal Yacht Squadron Cup (America's Cup)
1864 Geneva Convention signed, by 12 nations
1902 Pres Teddy Roosevelt became 1st US chief executive to ride in a car
1906 1st Victor Victrola manufactured
1910 Japan annexes Korea
1911 Mona Lisa stolen from Louvre
1917 Pitts Pirates play 4th straight extra inning game, Carson Bigbee sets record of 11 at-bats, they lose in 22 innings to Dodgers
1927 Babe Ruth hits 40th of 60 homers
1932 BBS begins experimental regular TV broadcasts
1934 Red Sox pitcher Wes Ferrell hits 2 HRs to beat White Sox 3-2 in 12
1945 Conflict in Vietnam begins when a group of Free French parachute into southern Indochina, in repsonse to a successful coup by communist guerilla Ho Chi Minh.
1947 1st college team to beat an NFL team (All Stars-16, Bears-0)
1950 Althea Gibson becomes 1st black competetor in natl tennis competition
1951 Harlem Globetrotters play in Olympic Stadium, Berlin before 75,052
1956 Pres Eisenhower & VP Nixon renominated by Rep convention in SF
1958 Argos' Boyd Carter, Dave Mann combine for record 131-yd punt return
1959 Cin Red Frank Robinson hits 3 consecutive HRs
1960 Gil Hodges set NL righty HR record with #352
1961 Maris hits his 50th of 61 homers
1963 NASA civilian test pilot Joe Walker in X-15 reaches 67 miles (106 km)
1965 SF Giant pitcher Juan Marachal hits LA Dodger catcher John Roseboro on the head with his bat causing a 14 minute brawl
1968 1st papal visit to Latin America (Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogota)
1968 Cynthia Lennon sues John Lennon for divorce on adultry
1969 Hurricane Camille strikes U.S. Gulf Coast kills 255
1979 200 black leaders, meet in NY, to support Andrew Young
1982 Gen Ariel Sharon urges Palestinians to discuss peaceful coexistence
1984 Evelyn Ashford of US ties world women's mark for 100 m, 10.76 sec
1984 Met pitcher Dwight Gooden becomes the 11th rookie to strikeout 200
1984 Rep convention in Dallas renominates Pres Reagan & VP Bush
1986 NASA announces tests designed to verify ignition pressure dynamics
1987 Madonna's "Who's "That Girl," single goes #1
1988 Australia unveils 1st platinum coin (Koala)
1988 NBC premieres "Later" with Bob Costas (1st guest Linda Ellerbee)
1989 1st complete ring around Neptune discovered
1989 Nolan Ryan strikes out his 5,000th batter
1990 Pres Bush calls up military reserves

Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"
American Rebellion Day
Be an Angel Day

Religious Observances
RC : Memorial of the Queenship of Mary (Immaculate Heart)

Religious History
1670 In Massachusetts, English-born colonial missionary John Eliot, 66, founded an Indian church at Martha's Vineyard, with educated Indians Hiacoomes and Tackanash appointed pastor and teacher, respectively.
1800 Birth of Edward B. Pusey, English biblical scholar and Tractarian spokesman. A devoted church leader all his life, Pusey worked to establish religious orders in Anglicanism, founding in 1845 the first Anglican sisterhood.
1831 Birth of William H. Cummings, English musicologist. In 1855 he adapted a theme from Mendelssohn's "Festgesang," which afterward became the melody of the Christmas carol, "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing."
1948 The Amsterdam Assembly of the World Council of Churches convened (through Sept 4) to ratify the Constitution for this newly-formed experiment in organizational and global Christian unity.
1968 Pope Paul VI arrived in Colombia, making his the first-ever papal visit to South America.

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.

Thought for the day :
"Early to rise and ditto to bed, make a man healthy, but socially dead."

You might be a Human Resources director if...
you look at a Listerine bottle, and wonder what the American with Disabilities Act has to do with it.

Todays Murphys Law...
In nature, nothing is ever right. Therefore, if everything is going right ... something is wrong.

Cliff Clavin say's it's a little known fact that...
Mexico City is sinking at a rate of 6 to 8 inches a year because it’s built on top of an underground reservoir. Wells are drawing out more and more water for the city’s growing population of more than 15 million people
17 posted on 08/22/2003 5:57:57 AM PDT by Valin (America is a vast conspiracy to make you happy.)
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To: manna
Morning manna.
18 posted on 08/22/2003 5:58:28 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: bentfeather
Morning feather.
19 posted on 08/22/2003 5:58:45 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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To: All
Have a good day everyone.

I'm off to a very long day of meetings. SAM will be around soon.

20 posted on 08/22/2003 6:00:09 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Pray for our troops)
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