Skip to comments.Catholic Word of the Day: ZION, 03-16-15
Posted on 03/16/2015 9:28:25 AM PDT by Salvation
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One of the hills on which Jerusalem stood. Used as a fortress, it was captured by David and renamed the Citadel of David (II Samuel 5:7). It assumed a sacred character when he brought the Ark to Zion. Gradually the name spread until it was applied to all of Jerusalem (II Kings 19:21; Psalms 125, 126). Indeed, increasingly it was used to mean the Jewish faith (Isaiah 33:20); hence, the term Zionism for the modern movement to make Palestine the Jewish homeland. Also spelled Sion.
All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.
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There was no Palestine until the British coined the term in 1917 from the Roman Word “Palestina”, which refered to the Philistines. Just as there was no country called Jordan until the British coined the term “The Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, also in 1917. Also, Jesus was not Palestinian—He was Jewish.
Until the 1960s, Palestinian was used alone to mean Jew, except when it additionally specified Palestinian Arab. I have seen Jewish ID cards from before the State of Israel that identify the holder as Palestinian. There might have been paper money issued by Jews with Palestine on it, IIRC.
That is right. Issued by the British Protectorate. Britain was appointed as the Protectors of Palestine. Palestinian was used to mean anyone living in the Protectorate, until the War of Independence in 1948, when Israel was declared a Jewish Nation. Arabs are presently called Palestinians because they never accepted Israeli Independence.
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