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Catholic Word of the Day: ESSENES, 05-22-14
CCDictionary ^ | Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary

Posted on 05/22/2014 7:57:01 AM PDT by Salvation

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Pre-Christian Jewish groups of ascetics, not mentioned either in the Bible or the Talmud but referred to by Philo (20 B.C.-C. A.D. 40), Josephus (A.D. 37-c. 100), and the elder Pliny (A.D. 23-79). The name probably means "the pious ones." They seem to have begun in the second century before Christ, to have gone out of existence in the second century after Christ, and to have always remained in Palestine. The numbered about four thousand, according to Josephus, in the late first century A.D. They were an exclusive society, engaged mainly in agriculture. In general they renounced marriage, without denying its value, and recruited their ranks by adopting young children. They practiced the strictest community life, and also a vigorous caste system. Along with considerable superstition, they believed in Yahweh and in immortality. They had been almost forgotten in religious history, until the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947. A.most certainly it was a community of Essenes that produced the treasure of literature found at Qumran, near the Dead Sea. (Etym. Greek hosioi, the saintly or religious; or Aramaic, the silent ones.)

All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; History; Theology
KEYWORDS: catholic
It's my understanding that John the Baptist (approximately six months old was taken to the Essenes to avoid the Slaughter of the Innocents.

Jesus, Mary and Joseph fled to Egypt, but what happened to John the Baptist as a baby?

1 posted on 05/22/2014 7:57:01 AM PDT by Salvation
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To: JRandomFreeper; Allegra; Straight Vermonter; Cronos; SumProVita; AnAmericanMother; annalex; dsc; ...

Catholic Word of the Day Ping!

Particular Judgment

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Apocryphal Gospels

Tres Abhinc Annos




Underground Church

Gift of Tongues


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2 posted on 05/22/2014 8:02:39 AM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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