Skip to comments.The Final Week of Jesus' Life, a Chronology
Posted on 04/15/2014 3:53:45 PM PDT by Salvation
As the Church prepares to enter into Holy Week, we do well to consider the final week of Jesus’ life, from Friday to Friday. In a later post, we will look at the last twenty-four hours (from the Last Supper to the death of Jesus on the Cross) in greater detail.
It will be helpful to review the Gospel accounts given by Sts. Mark and John, the two who offer the most explicit chronology of Holy Week. See Mark 11:1 – 15:37 and also John 11:54 – 19:30.
The Friday before the Passion
Jesus was in the city of Ephraim, in hiding since the Jewish authorities desired to kill him. On this day (before evening), Jesus and his disciples went up to Jerusalem, before the pasch to purify themselves (John 11:55).
They spent the night in Bethany, which is very close to Jerusalem.
Saturday before the Passion
Jesus therefore, six days before the pasch, came to Bethania, where Lazarus had been dead, whom Jesus raised to life. And they made him a supper there: and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that were at table with him. Mary therefore took a pound of ointment of right spikenard, of great price, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair; and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment. (John 12:1-3)
The pasch (i.e. Passover) was on a Thursday that year (beginning Thursday eve with the Passover Meal), and so six days before, that is, on Friday, Jesus came to Bethany.
The next day, which is to say, Saturday, Jesus came to the feast there and was anointed by Mary of Bethany (that is, Mary Magdalene [here]). In this first anointing, Mary pours the oil over the Savior’s feet.
This meal and anointing occurred, most probably, at the house of Lazarus known as the Lazarium.
Our Savior spent the night in Bethany.
And on the next day, Sunday (John 12:12), Jesus rode triumphantly into Jerusalem upon an ass and upon a colt, the foal of an ass. This was the first Palm Sunday, when the children of the Hebrews bearing olive branches went forth to meet the Lord, crying out and saying, “Hosanna in the highest!”
Our Lord returned to Bethany for the night.
Monday of Holy Week
On the way into Jerusalem, Jesus sees a fig tree which has born no fruit – which tree he curses in the presence of his disciples.
Upon entering the city, our Lord goes up and cleanses the Temple for the second time (he had cleansed it once already, two years ago – cf. John 2:13ff [see our article, here]).
That eve, Jesus returned to Bethany (cf. Mark 11:19).
Tuesday of Holy Week
On the way to Jerusalem, Jesus’ disciples notice that the fig tree which he had cursed the morning before has now withered. They are amazed.
Entering the Temple area, Jesus preaches extensively and answers the questions of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
It is on this day that our Lord tells the parable of the vineyard workers who kill the owner’s son who is the heir to the vineyard. Also, on this occasion, the Lord answers the questions regarding the tribute to Caesar, the resurrection of the body, the greatest commandment, and whether the Christ will be the son of David.
Further, while in the Temple, our Lord sees a widow offer two small coins and declares her gift to be greater than those of the others.
Finally, Jesus foretells the destruction of the Temple and speaks of the final judgment.
He returns that night to Bethany.
Now the feast of pasch and of the Azymes [i.e. Unleavened Bread] was after two days [i.e. in two days' time] ... and when [Jesus] was in Bethania, in the house of Simon the leper, and was at meal, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of precious spikenard: and breaking the alabaster box, she poured it out upon his head. (Mark 14:1,3)
Spending the day in retirement, our Lord attends a feast at the house of a certain Pharisee, Simon the Leper. During this meal, Mary of Bethany (i.e. the Magdalene [here]) again anoints our Lord, but this time upon his head.
Update: I am aware of the fact that there is a good deal of diversity among the Church Fathers on whether Mary anointed Jesus on Spy Wednesday. I side partially with Origen, Chrysostom, and Theophylus (against Augustine and Gregory) in affirming that there were two anointings, one on Saturday and another on Wednesday; but then agree with Augustine and Gregory (against Origen and Chrysostom) insofar as I claim that there was one and the same woman, Mary of Bethany who is the Magdalene. St. Thomas Aquinas did not come down on one side or the other of the question, so there is clearly room for doubt.
Update II: As I consider this further, I am beginning to lean more toward the side of Sts. Augustine and Gregory. Perhaps there was only one anointing (which would then be on Saturday) and Sts. Matthew and Mark mention it here as a way of connecting the betrayal of Judas more clearly with the incident.
Judas is now set against our Savior, and so goes to the priests to betray Jesus. And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went to the chief priests, to betray him to them. (Mark 14:10)
Because it was this evening that Judas conspired against Jesus, the day is called “Spy Wednesday”.
Now on the first day of the unleavened bread, when they sacrificed the pasch, the disciples say to him: Whither wilt thou that we go, and prepare for thee to eat the pasch? (Mark 14:12)
Because the Passover meal would be consumed Thursday evening, Jesus sent his disciples to make the preparations for the pasch. They went from Bethany to Jerusalem and prepared the upper room.
On this evening, Jesus offered the Last Supper in which he instituted both the Eucharist and the Priesthood. Upon finishing the meal, our Lord and his apostles (excepting Judas, who left early) sang a hymn and then went forth to the Mount of Olives.
On this night, our Lord suffered the agony in the garden and was arrested. Jesus spends the night locked in the dungeon of the house of Caiaphas, after undergoing a secret night-trial by the Sanhedrin.
It was on Friday that our Lord suffered and died. Condemned to death at 10am, nailed to the Cross at noon, and dying at 3pm.
Christ was buried before 5pm and, the stone being rolled across the entrance, all departed.
Holy Week Ping!
Behold! The Holy Week Treasure Map | Why I Am Catholic
WDTPRS Spy Wednesday in Holy Week (Catholic/Orthodox Caucus)
Spy Wednesday [in Holy Week] Reflection: The Sins of the Clergy [Catholic Caucus]
Tuesday in Holy Week [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]
A guide (and quiz) for Holy Week (Catholic Caucus)
Monday in Holy Week: we who are flagging from our weakness (Fr. Z) [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]
WDTPRS Monday in Holy Week: we who are flagging from our weakness (Catholic/Orthodox Caucus)
Holy Week in the Latin Church (Catholic/Orthodox Caucus)
Holy Week in the Maronite Church (Catholic/Orthodox Caucus)
Meditations for Holy Week [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]
Holy Week: Passion (Palm) Sunday through Holy Saturday [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]
About Catholic Marriage: Five Suggestions for Holy Week [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]
The Days of Holy Week [Ecumenical]
Family Activities, Projects and Devotions for Experiencing Holy Week [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]
[Why I Am Catholic]: Lent And Holy Week (A Primer) [Catholic Caucus]
As We Approach Holy Week
Understanding (and internalizing) the media's annual Holy Week attack on the Church
HOLY WEEK'S SORE LOSER
Tuesday of Holy Week
Spy Wednesday (also Holy Wednesday of Holy Week)
Holy Week and the Priesthood
A week with the Lord [Reflections on Passion Sunday and Holy Week]
The history of Passiontide and Holy Week
Why is this Week Called Holy? Take This Cup
Holy Week With the Pope and Jesus
This Holy Week and the Rest of Your Life (Fr. Corapi on dour situation in the world)
Catholic Caucus: Holy Week and the Rest of Your Life
A LITURGICAL EXPLANATION OF HOLY WEEK LAZARUS SATURDAY
Holy Week is most important week of the year, Pope says
For the Media, It's Un-Holy Week
Holy Week and the Triduum
Passiontide and Holy Week
Why Do We Call it the Passion?
The Easter Triduum: Entering into the Paschal Mystery
Cardinal Arinze on How to Live Holy Week - Urges Spirit of Faith and Gratitude
We Will Relive the Passion, Death and Resurrection [Audience with Pope Benedict XVI]
Holy Week Recovers Celebration of Penance (at St. Peter's Basilica) - photos!
History of Holy Week (rooted in the 2nd century)
Holy Week Starts Today - Hosanna to the King of Kings!
The Meaning of Holy Week
Please post a source for that. Maybe there is something in writing to give us a clue as to the thinking.
Here is what I posted for keywords.
Someone has been adding to it.
KEYWORDS: catholic; holyweek; lent; Click to Add Keyword
An updated link to the *Jonah Code*, since the ones at the thread no longer work, for those interested in knowing the truth of what really happened and when - it's way more awesome than what we've been taught btw: The Jonah Code
The above is just one of many studies into the actual timeline. Much information is available online for those who which to pursue the matter.
The "nicer" caves had wooden floors built in them. We visited the house of Caiaphas. When telling people of this I start to cry.
There was a deep PIT (maybe 15-20 feet deep) in his "home" cave...and that is where Jesus was placed the night before he died. Jesus spent his last hours, not fed and stuck at the bottom of a pit.
How absolutely HORRIBLE for the Son of God.
I simply could NOT believe it: the visual impact, the smell, the rocky-hard surface of the cave, the muted echos in the large cave-home, the coldness of the cave.
I think that EVERY Christian ought to save his/her pennies and visit the Holy Land. Those Christians who do are CHANGED forever. I was.
Joseph Caiaphas, known simply as Caiaphas (Greek: Καϊάφας) in the New Testament, was the Jewish high priest who is said to have organized the plot to kill Jesus. Caiaphas is also said to have been involved in the Sanhedrin trial of Jesus.
The Babylonian Talmud (Yevamot 15B) gives the family name as Kuppai, while the Jerusalem Talmud (Yevamot 1:6) mentions Nekifi. The Mishnah, Parah 3:5 refers to him as Ha-Koph (the monkey), a play on his name for opposing Mishnat Ha-Hasidim.
According to the Gospel accounts, Caiaphas was the major antagonist of Jesus. An ossuary with the name "Joseph son of Caiaphas" was found in Jerusalem in 1990. The authenticity of that discovery has been challenged by some scholars on various grounds.
Wow! Never heard of this before. Thanks for sharing.
Luke 24:21 “ yes, and besides all this, IT IS NOW THE THIRD DAY SINCE THIS HAPPENED”
Luke 24:1 “ but on the first day of the week”
Ok, i know the school systems in this country are pretty bad, but are there still people who can’t count to three left??
for those in rio linda land, we know Jesus rose on the first day of the week, so let’s count backwards together to find out on what day He was crucified and was buried:
1st day of the week - day 3
7th day sabbath - day 2
friday - day 1
let’s count forward:
friday - day 1
7th day sabbath - day 2
1st day of the week - the third day
what do you know, what Christians have believed and what the Scriptures clearly teach IS TRUE!!
i know that’s a ROOD awakening for some folks.
An obviously impossible timeline to fulfill the 3 day, 3 night prophecy:
What we know for sure is that Yeshua rose at sundown, at the beginning of the first day of the Biblical week.
Catholics go by pagan days, so by their calendar, he rose on Saturday evening.
I see that many of the predictions did not materialize. Oops for believing that?
Yeshua’s disciples know that they dined with him in the early evening, one day before Passover, and the day after Passover Joseph and Nicodemus bought burial salves and wrappings, and went to wrap Yeshua’s body in the tomb, so it was not yet Shabbat, or they could not have done that, and the gospels definitely say that they did it. We know that Nicodemus would have been stoned to death by his Pharisee cohorts if he had done this on a high day, or Shabbat, and he was not stoned.
Using one’s head and a basic understanding of Hebrew tradition and Torah law, one sees that the RCC garbage is totally unbelievable.
Here we go making a really bumpy thread for the RCC nonsense.
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