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First Battle of Armageddon: Thutmose III: The Battle of Megiddo
reshafim ^ | 2009 | resha

Posted on 12/22/2011 12:08:56 PM PST by Cronos

[Image: Canaanite charioteer hit by an arrow]

Canaanite charioteer hit by an arrow (detail from a picture on a chariot belonging to Thutmose IV)

Source: Carta's Atlas of the Bible by Yohanan Aharoni, Jerusalem, 1964


Thutmose III: The Battle of Megiddo
ca. 1482 BCE


An alliance of Canaanite cities was headed by the king of Kadesh on the Orontes and the king

of Megiddo. In order to suppress them Thutmose III marched his army in ten days from his border fortress of Sileh to Ghaza, the main Egyptian stronghold in Canaan.

" width="320" height="470" alt="[Image: The battle of Megiddo]" />

After another eleven days they reached Yaham, where they held a war council.


It was known that the Canaanites

had concentrated their forces near Megiddo to which there were three access routes: The

northern and southern routes were longer than the central route through Aruna, but were

less easily defendable. The generals had, as it turned out wrong, intelligence about the

Aruna route being blocked by Canaanite forces and counselled the pharaoh to take the Yokneam

or Taanakh route.

'Now two (other) roads are here. One of the roads ( behold, it is [to the east of] us,

so that it comes out at Taanakh. The other ( behold, it is to the north side of Djefti,

and we will come out to the north of Megiddo. Let our victorious lord proceed on the one

of [them] which is [satisfactory to] his heart, (but) do not make us go on that difficult


Inscription from the Amen Temple at Karnak.

J. B. Pritchard Ancient Near Eastern Texts, 1969: p. 234.


Thutmose rejected the arguments of his generals, set out on the Aruna route and

reached the river Qinah south of Megiddo without encountering any opposition.


It was then that the disposition of the Canaanite forces became clear. A contingent

of footsoldiers guarded the southern road from Taanakh, while the northern approaches of Megiddo were

held by more infantry. The chariots were concentrated around Megiddo itself, waiting for

the Egyptian forces to attack the footsoldiers who would quickly retreat as if they

were fleeing.The pursuing Egyptians would break ranks and could be attacked by the hidden

Canaanite charioteers.

Behold, His Majesty has come forth together with his victorious army and they have filled the valley;

let our victorious lord hearken to us this once, and let our lord await for us the rear of his

army and his people. When the rear of the army has come right out to us, then we will fight

against these Asiatics and we shall not have no trouble about the rear of our army.


The Egyptians rested during the night and disposed their forces in three wings. The attacking

Canaanites were routed and so hotly pursued, that the defenders of Megiddo refused to open

the gates and pulled their fleeing charioteers over the walls to safety. Instead of attacking the city

the Egyptians began to loot the abandoned camps, which gave the Canaanites time to organise

their defense.

Would that the army of His Majesty had not set their hearts upon looting the chattels of those enemies,

for they would have captured Megiddo at that moment, while the vile enemy of Kadesh and the

vile enemy of this town were being hoisted up.


The conquest of Megiddo and its inhabitants was vital; and it fell after a siege of seven months.

All the princes of all the northern countries are cooped up within it. The capture of Megiddo is the capture of a thousand towns.


Thutmose led many more campaigns into Canaan, and eight years after the battle of Megiddo he took Kadesh on the Orontes. Following the conquest of Retenu, he built a big navy, which was instrumental in his extending Egyptian influence over much of the littoral Near East. His army could reach any coastal town in Syria by ship in four to five days, while by foot the journey would take more than a fortnight. Surprise became a major weapon in his arsenal.


[  ] The map is drawn after a map in Carta's Atlas of the Bible by Yohanan Aharoni, Jerusalem, 1964, p.32

TOPICS: Catholic; History
Interesting piece of history

Kadesh (Kades in Hittite -- "desh" means land in Iranic/indic languages) was an ancient city probably set up by the Mittani (an Indo-european people)

Megiddo is on the trade route between Egypt and the land of the two rivers (Mesopotamia), so hence was a key place.

1 posted on 12/22/2011 12:08:59 PM PST by Cronos
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To: All
Inscription from the temple at Karnak

2 posted on 12/22/2011 12:10:47 PM PST by Cronos (Nuke Mecca and Medina now..)
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To: All
Thutmose III is one of the great rulers and conquerors of history. After hanging on grimly while his step-mother Hatshepsut ruled the kingdom he came to power, conquered Canaan, Syria, Nubia and large tracts of the western desert

3 posted on 12/22/2011 12:17:17 PM PST by Cronos (Nuke Mecca and Medina now..)
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To: All
What were the reasons for this? probably because of the Hyksos, the Semitic peoples who conquered Egypt in the 1600s BC (related to the time of the Israelites in Egypt?)

Thutmose ruled from 1479 to 1424 BC

he was a part of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. The founder of this dynasty, Ahmose I (Mose - Moses?) ruled from 1550 to 1525 BC and was the one who broke the power of the Semitic Hyksos. The Hyksos had conquered Egypt a hundred odd years earlier because they (the Hyksos) led in warfare technology, having composite bows, recurve bows and war chariots (borrowed from the Aryanic Hittites), mail shirts and a metal helmet

were they related to the warlike (and Semitic) Assyrians? pushed out by the invading Aryanic Mittani and Hittites?

Whichever way, this had an impact

4 posted on 12/22/2011 12:26:15 PM PST by Cronos (Nuke Mecca and Medina now..)
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To: Cronos

Didn’t Ramses the Great also fight a battle in the same area?

5 posted on 12/22/2011 12:50:39 PM PST by yarddog
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To: yarddog

yes, about 200 years later in the various Battles of Kadesh with the Hittites, who were the successors to the Mittani

6 posted on 12/22/2011 1:06:17 PM PST by Cronos (Nuke Mecca and Medina now..)
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To: Cronos
In his reference book A Dictionary of Battles (New York: Crowell, 1967), David Eggenberger wrote that the battle at Megiddo was the first battle in history according to the historical record available at the time. There have since been several battles at the site.
7 posted on 12/22/2011 1:55:55 PM PST by Fiji Hill
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To: Cronos

And Christ has already come and destroy the armies at Armageddon but no one noticed, right?

8 posted on 12/22/2011 2:04:20 PM PST by CynicalBear
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To: CynicalBear

I think there could easily be another battle in that area before the apocalypse. Iran and/or it’s surrogates vs. Israel.

9 posted on 12/22/2011 2:17:07 PM PST by yarddog
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To: CynicalBear

You beat me to it :)

10 posted on 12/22/2011 3:05:09 PM PST by Boogieman
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