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The Twelve Apostles of the Catholic Church: St. Andrew [Catholic Caucus] ^ | not given | 12 apostles of the Catholic

Posted on 10/17/2010 10:10:00 PM PDT by Salvation

The Church honors the Apostles on the following feast days:
Sts Peter and Paul-June 29th
St John-December 27th
St James-July 25th
St Andrew-November 30th
St Thomas-July 3rd
St Matthew-September 21st
Sts Philip and James the Less-May 3rd
St Bartholomew-August 24th
Sts Simon and Jude-October 28th
St Matthias-May 14th (Judas' replacement and comments)

The Lord chose these holy men for their unfeigned love, and gave them eternal glory. Their message goes out through all the earth. Through all the earth their voice resounds, and to the end of the world, their message. We praise you, O God, we acclaim you as Lord; the glorious company of Apostles praise you. Alleluia, alleluia.

Jesus went up to the mountain to pray, and he spent the night in prayer with God. When day came, he called his disciples to himself, and from them he chose Twelve, whom he also named Apostles: Simon, whom he named Peter, and brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Simon who was called a Zealot, and Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.

Jesus Christ chose the twelve Apostles. He chooses us too to a sacred calling. His mystical body, His Church, which consists of all members of the human race, albeit, two-thirds of the population of the world are not officially Catholics, are part of His Church through the power of the Holy Spirit. That implies that through divine providence, that God permits each of us to experience, we receive the direct means and cause of our calling and vocation. All are called by God to be holy by the Holy Spirit regardless of religion, race or creed. We are all God's children, created and called to be sanctified.

The Apostles started the process from an established ecclesical perspective and we are a continuation of that same process and calling. Sanctification in itself had no beginning for God is holy from eternity and has always been sanctifying all creation outside of himself starting with the angels to humankind.

Let us listen to one of the Doctors of the Church, St John Chrysostom, who was called the "golden-mouthed" and listen to what he has to say about the Apostles.

"I wish that it were possible to meet with one who could deliver to us the history of the Apostles, not only all they wrote and spoke of, but of the rest of their daily life, even what they ate, when they walked, and where they sat, what they did every day, in what parts they were... where they lodge-to relate everything with minute exactness".

With prayer and the Holy Spirit, God will inform us everything we need to know about the holy Apostles that will enable us to do God's holy will. There is plentiful information and depth in the sacred scripture and especially in the holy gospels that will flood our minds and hearts to the fullest possible degree.

The gospels will tell us very little about the Apostles except perhaps Peter, Paul and John from a surface level. However, the Holy Spirit will enable us to plumb the depths of God. The below is taken from "The Twelve" by C. Bernard Ruffin

From the writings of Eusebius, however, we are able to glean a small amount of information about the lives of the apostles. Moreover, other writers from the second, third and fourth centuries yield further tidbits of information. Among these were Papias(A.D.60-135A), bishop of Hierapolis (in what is now Turkey), a disciple of St John, whose works, no longer extant, were quoted in fragments by Eusebius and other writers; St Clement of Rome (A.D.30-97), a disciple of Peter and Paul who reigned as pope between A.D.92-101; Iranaeus (c.A.D.120-202), bishop of Lyon (in what is now France); Clement of Alexandria (c. A.D.153-217), an eminent Greek theologian and hymnist; Hippolytus (c.A.D.170-236), a pupil of Irenaeus and author of a number of theological works; Tertullian (c.A.D. 145-221), a Latin-speaking African theologian; Origen (c.A.D.185-254), a celebrated Egyptian teacher, theologian, and ascetic; and St Jerome (c 342-420), the celebrated Italian scholar and translator. The information these first-class scholars were able to gather is, alas, in bits and pieces, but it is all that we have that is reliable.

St Paul is included in the twelve Apostle's website because he made a great contribution to the early Church as we too can make a tremendous input to the Church today when we allow God to lead us and be guided by the same Holy Spirit.

St Matthias was a chosen apostle inasmuch as he was Judas Iscariot replacement. Judas will be mentioned on this site for he was an original Apostle of Jesus, but he will not receive prominence. The information on Judas will focus on the temptation and sin of Judas and his despair and fall. Lastly Judas' information will cover the price and punishment of his betrayal of Christ and this information will follow after his replacement, St Matthias.

In keeping with the spirit of the gospels that Jesus gave to the Apostles, and to us too, who are likewise called- for all have been sent by the Father, as Jesus- to share that same Holy Spirit to lead and guide all to imitate Jesus' words and works according to our own unique ability, calling and the grace of God.

"The Apostles" by Otto Hophan, O.F.M.Cap and translated from the German by L. Edward Wasserman, will be used exclusively. It was published by The Newman Press, Westminister, Maryland 1962. The below is a Foreword by Father Hophan.

Awakening the minds and hearts of Christians to an awareness of the apostles is a very pleasant and important task, but it is also somewhat difficult. At baptism we were infused with a latent sympathy for these beloved men who were the first followers, believers in, and proclaimers of Christ. Every aspect and era of Christendom must be evaluated and examined in the light of the message brought by these first witnesses of Jesus. The "apostolic tradition" was placed, from the very beginning, upon a lofty and superior foundation.

The difficulties encountered in writing a book about the apostles lie in the lack of reliable source material. The apostles preached Christ, not themselves; therefore what Scripture records concerning them is often incidental, and is always presented in connection with Christ. Information from tradition concerning the lives and destines of the apostles is also scarce. Even though the apocryphal-spurious-acts have much to offer about the geographic scenes and national characteristics of the apostolic labors, these lack the necessary reliability. In view of the great importance of the apostles, this state of affairs explains the errors, so striking in themselves, in books on the lives of these men. Comprehensive and coherent portrayals of the apostles are few and far between.

This book represents an effort to bring the apostles out of their humble obscurity. Its goal is to reconstruct the personality of each one of these men, each so different, yet all of them so generally unknown to us; to form a concept of these living, dynamic personalities from the more or less numerous mosaic stones scattared throughout Scripture.

Even with all the restraint of the sacred texts concerning the personal importance and affairs of the apostles, there are, nevertheless, a few words about most of them which, after they are carefully and meticulously scrutinized, often say more than is at first apparent. In addition, the whole of the New Testament, the milieu in which the apostles lived, and tradition provide a powerful and informative background for even the most modest portrayal of an apostle. Making use of the literary license, the author has sought to bridge the remaining gaps in information about the individual apostles by following his own conjectures. Even in this respect, however, his depictions stand the test of comparison with historical and, above all, scriptural evidence. Although apocryphal testimony was at times made use of in order to present a more complete study of a particular apostle, it is never cited as the sole and finally persuasive proof. The reader interested in studing the apocryphal acts in more detail will find more through studies in other works.

This book could very well serve as an introduction to the study of the New Testament. It would be unpardonable if a work which depends so completely upon the Scriptures for information did not provide some degree of commentary upon them.

These texts, even when written in the form of a modest letter of instruction, provide insights into the personalities of the apostles who wrote them... The substance and sense of the Holy Books must be entrusted to the reader in a study based on solid, scientific, biblical scholarship, yet unencumbered with scientific ballast. This work is intended to be not only instructive and informative, but also constructive and formative. The personalities of the apostles, as well as their words and deeds, should have an immediate significance for, and influence on, the active and practical Christian. The work is not a long-winded moral, but a concrete application of the message of the apostles to our own time and lives.

There is another line of thought to be found in this book: the Church. It is in light of the Church that the first two purposes of the book had to be considered, not as apologetics and even less as polemics, but in the spirit of the Gospels; for it is in the Gospels that the Church has her home.

The contract for this book was concluded on the vigil of Pentecost, a date rich in promise and quite symbolic for a work about the apostles. Under the influence of the Holy Spirit it should reach out to an age anxious about the new world, proudly and forcibly to proclaim with Peter and Paul: Christ is " 'the stone that was rejected by you, the builders, which has become the corner stone. Neither is there salvation in any other'"(Acts 4:11-12). For another foundation no one can lay, except Him who has already been established: Jesus Christ!

The hour of the apostles is at hand. To all who earnestly seek the perfection of Christ, this book is dedicated. Christo laborantibus!

TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; History; Theology
KEYWORDS: apostles; catholic; catholiclist
St. Andrew
1 posted on 10/17/2010 10:10:06 PM PDT by Salvation
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To: All

The following paragraph is taken from the Catholic Almanac.

Born in Bethsaida, brother of Peter, disciple of John the Baptist, a fisherman, the first Apostle called; according to legend, preached the Gospel in northern Greece, Epirus and Scythia, and was martyred at Patras about 70; in art, is represented with an x-shaped cross, called St. Andrew's Cross; is honored as the patron of Russia and Scotland; Nov.30.

From the Apostles by Otto Hophan, O.F.M. Cap.

Chapter Two

Having considered the life and martyrdom of the apostle Peter, we now direct our attention to his brother Andrew. The difference of personality here is comparable to the difference between a rough, stormy sea and the quiet, peaceful shore. Andrew the apostle was a man of courage, valor, and manliness. Even his name has a noble meaning, coming from the Greek word "andreios", which is translated "brave". It was already a common name among the Jews two centuries before Christ. This meaning of his name influenced the artists of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, for the earliest painted conceptions to portray him as a man of valiant stature and virile countenance.

Serious and quiet and manly was Andrew the apostle-andreios, the brave one. Painters imbue every aspect of Peter's brother with power and strength. The qualities of firmness and resolution and determination characterize this disciple of Christ. He aspired to reach the mountaintops. "Andrew was not small, but big, a little stooped, with a large nose and high eyebrows"-so a ninth-century biography described him. These characteristics were gathered from earlier sources. "Not small, but big"-how well these words describe his character also!

The gospels have little to say about Andrew, but this absence of words is significant in itself. He was what the name means, but he lacked those sharp and unpleasant traits that often enough only disfigure and deform brave men. He was neither rude nor harsh, neither crude nor brusque. Spognoletto saw this apostle in the proper perspective when he painted him as a quiet, earnest, friendly old man holding a fish on a rod with his large and strong right hand. It was not the fisherman who caught this most holy fish, but rather it was Christ Himself who called and captured Andrew.

Andrew, the First Apostle

Andrew was the brother of Simon Peter. Whether he was younger or older than Simon is not certain. One is inclined to consider him as the younger of the two, despite his well-balanced personality and agreeable nature. He lived, together with Simon, in the highly honored house in which our Lord Himself stayed as a guest during His journey to Galilee. This abode served as Christ's first-church and pulpit.

It is possible that, after the early death of his father Jona (John) of Bethsaida, Andrew left his native village and went to Capharnaum. Here he lived under his brother's roof, with Simon and the latter's wife, children, and mother-in-law. Perhaps this domestic situation is what prompted Christian peoples of long ago to choose Andrew as their patron saint for good marriages and for good weather.

Still, it could be that this pair of brothers with the same occupation only worked together. Both were fishermen, and together they managed a modest but always profitable trade, as the Gospel indicates. At the time the abundance of fish in Lake Genesareth and the flourishing business in fish at the markets assured them a good income.

It is certainly noteworthy that our Lord chose some of His first apostles from the ranks of ordinary fisherman. Different walks of life were well-represented in the college of apostles: James the Younger and his brother Thaddeus were farmers; Paul was a scholar; Matthew-not to mention Judas was a trader and businessman. But at least six of the twelve were fisherman. Only those who knew the currents and tides, the wind and weather, only those not blinded by the sun or frightened by a storm, only those who were observant and patient as fishermen, could be good and useful apostles. Since Andrew, with his brother Simon, could cast his nets into the quiet, blue sea and after many long hours draw them out, sometimes full, sometimes empty, he was already well-instructed in the beginnings of the apostolate. The two brothers had never surmised that one day they would dedicate the rest of their lives to the Ichthys, Jesus Christ.

Possibly, of course, such a pious thought was not too far from their minds. They must have had a stong inclination toward religion. The Gospels do not present this pair only on the sea as fishermen; they are also on the Jordan with John's disciples. The preaching of John the Baptist-" 'The kingdom of heaven is now at hand'"-aroused these two brothers from their simple and quiet life. They were made ready, and they listened for the footsteps of Him who was to come. And it was here with John the Baptist that Andrew met Jesus. It was the great hour of his life. Andrew did not have to search long for the Messias, for Jesus was soon to come to him.

No one explains or describes this meeting more beautifully than the evangelist John, who was with Andrew at that time, but who did not mention his own name:

John {the Baptist} saw Jesus coming to him, and he said, "Behold, the lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This one who has been set above me, because he was before me." And I did not know him. But that he may be known to Israel, for this reason I come baptizing with water."

And John bore witness, saying, "I beheld the Spirit descending as a dove from heaven, and it abode upon him. And I did not know him. But he who sent me to baptize with water said to me, "He upon whom thou wilt see the Spirit descending, and abiding upon him, he it is who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.' And I have seen and have borne witness that this is the Son of God."

Again the next day John was standing there, and two of his disciples. And looking upon Jesus as he walked by, he said, "Behold the lamb of God!" And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus.

But Jesus turned around, and seeing them following him, said to them, "What is it you seek?" They said to him. "Rabbi (which interpreted means Master), where dwellest thou? He said to them, "Come and see." They came and saw where he was staying; and they stayed with him that day. It was about the tenth hour.

Now Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, was one of the two who had heard John and had followed him.

Andrew was, with John, the first of all to follow Jesus. For this reason many old manuscripts gave him the title of honor "the first-called." His name heads the list of millions who were to follow Christ. Here the proverb was true: "A name is an omen." A name can indicate much. Whoever dares to follow Christ must be andreios-brave, an Andrew.

Andrew was also the first of the apostles to call and bring others to Christ. "He found first his brother Simon and said to him, "We have found the Messias (which interpreted is Christ).'" And he led him to Jesus." This same brother of Andrew was later, in a critical hour of his life to confess before Jesus, "'Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.'" Certainly this confession of Peter is a climax in the public work of Jesus; it is much more mature and profound than Andrew's loud and happy summons to Peter to go and meet the promised Redeemer. But the credit for having planted the word of the Messias, Christ, the anointed one, in the soul of his brother as the seed of faith belongs to Andrew. His was the honor of introducing Jesus to Simon, and Simon to Jesus. He was given the privilege of "fishing" the first man. From the very beginning, Andrew was truly a "fisher of men," an apostle.

It is not surprising that such a high-minded and courageous man as Andrew left everything to follow the Redeemer. However, almost a year after the first meeting with Jesus on the River Jordan, Simon's brother had returned to the sea, to his boat and his fishnet. But his thoughts were no longer on his work. Secretly, Andrew hoped to return to Christ, hoped Christ would return to him. And then Christ did return. This time the Messias called, not just for one journey or for one sermon or for one miracle, but for a lifetime with Him.

St Luke's account of the calling of the first disciples also includes the miraculous catch of fish. In great astonishment, Andrew stared with the others at the teeming wonder in the nets. After they had taken nothing the whole night, the Lord, who was no fisherman, told them to try once more. They did, and caught so many fish that their nets, which could not hold them all, began to break; and they had to call for help.

On the Jordan it was the personality of Jesus that won Andrew; here on Lake Genesareth it was Jesus' divine power. He heard his brother stammer in embarrassed confusion: "'Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.'" But the Messias had come to call Peter, not to send him away. "And he said to them, 'Come, follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.' And at once they left the nets, and followed him." The small boats rested on the shore, deserted. Andrew was puzzled and saddened when some others left the Lord and walked away. He had come to the shore to embark on the sea of life; it was a wider, deeper, brave, andreios. He was Andrew, the first one, the great one.

Andrew holds a prominent place in the four listings of the apostles in Holy Scripture. His name is always among the first four, at the top of the lists, together with the three in whom Jesus especially confided. The evangelists Matthew and Luke place Andrew in the second place, immediately after Simon Peter, even before James and John. In the Canon of the Holy Mass his name also comes immediately after those of Peter and Paul, the two leaders of the apostles. Pope Gregory the Great even added his name in the Embolismus (prayer) after the Pater Noster, along with the names of Mary, Peter, and Paul, whose intercession we request for special favors. Today, Andrew also holds a special place among the faithful; the many and various customs still observed over the world on St Andrew 's Day, November 30, testify to this. Andrew holds a place of preeminence among the apostles, and in some respects he is the first among the apostles.

Andrew, the Silent Apostle

It is very surprising that Andrew remains so silent throughout the Gospels. He is heard even less in the Acts of the Apostles. None of his work remain. No Epistles he wrote has been preserved. In addition to the occasion on which he was called to the apostolate, he is mentioned only three other times in the Gospels.

The first occured on the shores of the Sea of Tiberias where Jesus miraculously fed a crowd of five thousand. The apostles stood helplessly before the hungry masses who followed Christ, Philip was partly dejected and partly frightened when Christ asked him where they could buy enough bread to feed so many. He hesitated to answer, "'Two hundred denarii worth of bread is not enough for them, that each one may receive a little.'" Then, unobstrusively, almost shyly, Andrew inquired about the provisions on hand. He could report only a pitifully meager result: " 'There is a young boy here who has five barley loaves and two fishes.'" and then, feeling almost personally responsible that there was so little to offer, he apologetically added, " 'But what are those among so many?'" And quickly he stepped back again to stand quietly on the side.

A second appearance of Andrew is mentioned by St John who- as one might conclude from seeing the two together on the Jordan-always kept a loving eye on this friend of his youth. There were certain converts from among the pagans who had come to Jerusalem to worship God on the day of the Passover. It was Christ's last celebration of this great feast of the Jews, only days before His passion and death. These proselytes approached Philip and inquired, "'Sir, we wish to see Jesus'" The somewhat fussy Philip did not want to take this to the Lord. He could refuse and forget. So, undecided, he took their request, his cause of anxiety, to Andrew. He did not go to Peter, or to John, but to the benevolent Andrew, his close compatriot.

In this seemingly unimportant incident Andrew showed his real character. He did not approach the Lord apologetically, but with an air of importance: "Andrew and Philip spoke to Jesus." The evangelist did not mention whether Jesus granted them their request or not he observed, however, that the Lord looked at Andrew and said, "'unless the grain of wheat fall into the ground and die, it remains alone. But if it die, it brings forth much fruit.'"

The third incident in which Andrew played a part, although only a cursory mention is given to it, occured several days after the second, The Lord had prophesied the destruction of Jerusalem, an event that upset every Jew to the depths of his soul.

And as he was sitting on the Mount of Olives, opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately, "Tell us, when are these things to happen, and what will be the sign when all these will begin to come to pass?"

Apart from these three passages, Andrew remained silent and in the background of the Gospels. This is astonishing. How often and how importantly Peter spoke out! How naively James and John, the sons of Zebedee, had pressed forward: "'Grant to us that we may sit, one at thy right hand and the other at thy left hand, in thy glory.'"Such a presumptuous request from Andrew cannot be imagined.

But more curious and unusual is the fact that our Lord Himself let Andrew stand by in silence. Jesus had not called him to a place of superiority among His disciples; it was his brother Simon, who owed his acquaintance with Jesus to Andrew, whom our Lord had called to be the leader of the apostles. But would not Peter's brother also have been capable of holding the keys of the kingdom of heaven, even more fit than the impetuous Peter? And it was not Andrew whom our Lord permitted to rest on His bosom, but John. Did Andrew therefore love his Master less than John? No. He too experienced with John the joy of the "tenth hour."

Andrew simply did not belong to the circle of the entrusted three whom our Lord especially had chosed to witness the most important hours of his life; at least not directly as did Peter, James, and John. When Christ was raising the daughter of Jairus to life, certainly this apostle was waiting with the other eight outside the small room. With them he remained behind also when our Lord took Peter, James, and his brother John and ascended Mount Tabor for the Transfiguration. Even in the Garden of Olives, Andrew had to remained with the other apostles; he was not permitted to go off a distance with our Lord and the privileged three-although he might have been the only one to keep a watch and pray and not fall asleep.

The fact that Andrew was sometimes with the three "elite" apostles and sometimes with the other eight is clearly revealed in the four list of the apostles in Holy Scripture. In St. Mark's Gospel and, what is more surprising, in St Luke's Acts, his name is placed fourth on the list and not in the second place. In these two lists the sons of Zebedee assume the place of honor and Andrew is seemingly crowded out on the brink of the first group. Since Mark's Gospel is based on the words of Peter, it may have been Peter himself, Andrew's brother, who was responsible for this, as Peter may not have wanted to praise a member of his own household. Luke placed St John in the second place on his list to show John's important position in the Church.

It it no accident John twice mention Andrew together with Philip, as is shown in the two passages cited above. In the four scriptural enumerations of the Twelve, Philip is always the fifth apostle mentioned, the first of the second group. Andrew, fourth on the lists, often sought the company of his companion, Philip the farmer, when he could not go along with the privileged three. St Andrew was one of the first, but the last of the first; and he was one of the silent men of greatness, a great man of silence.

It cannot be said that our Lord considered Andrew less important than the first three apostles. On the contrary, what seems to be an oversight on the part of Christ is a great act of trust and confidence. Andrew was the first one to be called, the first born apostle. Between Jesus and him there was a good understanding-and what better testimony is there of this than a silence?-a good understanding such as exists between a father and his oldest son. An oldest son understands the father, even if he is with him in all places and at all times. He know what he wants without special order and instructions. He is loved even when there are no special favors. There is a silence between them, but no two could be closer. This, it can be rightly judged, was the relationship between Jesus and Andrew, a silent understanding and love, a real happiness.

The lesson Scripture teaches through this position of the apostle Andrew is that the one who holds a place of honor must not always be the one to speak; and if he is the first, he should also be as the last. It is easier to fall from a high place than from a low place. Andrew, the great last one, showed that it is possible, though difficult, for a great person to practice true humility. He lived according to the words of the Lord: "'Let him who is greatest among you become as the youngest, and him who is the chief as the servant.'" Prosperous and happy is the group that has more great men than high positions; for it is much better if a great man has a small position than if a small man has a great position.

Andrew, the Strong Apostle

Nothing is known about the apostolic works of Andrew from Holy Scripture. The Gospels tell us nothing. The Acts make no mention of what he did or said at the first Church Council; after his name is mentioned of what he did or said at the first Church Council; after his name is mentioned, St Luke is completely silent about him. There is, however, no reason to doubt that Andrew, even though he did not share in the glory, did take full part in the work.

Actually, the very first apostolic work performed by any of the apostles was Andrew's introduction of his brother to Christ. It was also Andrew who tried to mediate for the Gentiles. How he exerted himself when he was in the midst of the harvest! The Breviary praises him on his feast day: "Andrew made a countless number of convert for Christ through his preaching and miracles." And well can the eloquent words of St Paul's Epistles to the Romans be applied to Andrew:

"For whoever calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved." How then are they to call upon him in whom they have not believed? But how are they to believe him whom they have not heard? And how are they to hear, if no one preaches?... but I say: Have they not heard? Yes, indeed, "Their voice has gone forth into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world."

The apocryphal "Acts of Andew and Matthew," a writing from the latter half of the second century, designated as the missionary district of Andrew "the town of cannibals," and also called "the town of dogs." These so-called "Acts of Andrew and Matthew"-which often were continued, translated, and rewritten into "Acts of Bartholomew," and "Acts of Paul and Andrew"-are full of pious fables and tales and are scarcely worthy to be quoted. These diverse and numerous "Acts," however, can be sifted to find the one historical kernel of fact, namely, that Andrew and another apostle-there is good reason to believe it was Simon Peter-preached the Gospel in the land of a primitive people.

Eusebius (270-339), the father of Church history, recorded that the uncivilized country of Scythia was Andrew's missionary field. Although the exact boundaries of this ancient land cannot be determined with certitude, it was approximately the district of present-day South Russia. This account, however, is questionabe. No trace or sign of Christianity in Scythia during the first three centuries has ever been established as authentic. This ancient region had scarcely any Jewish colonies to which Andrew could have turned; the wild and uncultivated indigenous population-"the town of cannibals"-would certainly not have been susceptible to the Gospel.

On the other hand, it is probably true that, as related in other equally old and similar reports, Andrew labored with his brother, Simon Peter, in countries adjacent to Scythia, in such places as Bithynia and Pontus and especially Sinope, districts to the south and east of the Black Sea. The First Epistle of St Peter the Apostle is addressed "to the sojourners of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galataia, Cappadocia, Asis and Bithynia." Some later and rather legendary biographies name Lydia, Kurdistand, and Armenia as the fields of Andrew's apostolic mission. It is quite possible that at a later date his apostle journeyed to the west of Bithynia, through Thrace, Macedonia, and Greece, going as far as Achaia, which today is called the Peloponnesus.

Many times the paths of Andrew and Paul must have crossed. Paul may have labored more than the others-"I have labored more than any of them"-but he did not labor alone. It was Paul's nature to seek out virgin soil, as he wrote to the Romans: "I have not preached this gospel where Christ has already been named." In his fields many seeds were sown, took root, blossomed, and bore ripe fruit. Paul was indeed the first to plough many a field and sow the seed of Christianity; nevertheless, others followed him to cultivate and irrigate and reap the harvest. This was necessary, or Paul would have labored in vain. In Andrew, the word of our Lord was fulfilled:

".. the sower and reaper may rejoice together. For herein is the proverb true, 'One shows, another reaps.' I have sent you to reap that on which thou have not labored. Others have labored, and you have entered into their labors.

In Greece, in the seaport-town of Patras, the apostolic labors of Andrew were also greeted with persecution. A "Letter of the Priest and Deacons of Achaia concerning the Martyrdom of St Andrew" clearly explains the death of this holy apostle. This circular letter-it is used as a lesson the Breviary on the feast of St. Andrew-it is not to be confused with the spurious "Acts of Andrew" mentioned previously. It can be traced to the end of the fourth century, and the main contents can be dated back even further to a reliable source concerning the lives and sufferings of the apostle. While Andrew, as bishop of Patras (at that time Patrae) in Achaia, was preaching the Gospel, he was condemned to die on the cross by the governor (helladarchen) Aegeates (also Aegeas). So that the pangs of torture would be the more excruciating and prolonged, he was scourged, the sentence was carried out, but not without the people begging his judge to have mercy. Andrew continued to live for two days on the cross. Thousands ran to the place of execution and pleaded for his release. Even the brother of the governor, Stratocles, is said to have tried to reason with the ruler, but to no avail.

After the martyrdom of this apostle, a Samaritan woman buried his body. In the year 356 his relics were transferred to the imperials city of Byzanantium, later called Constantinople, and today Istanbul. In 1462 these relics were taken to Rome, and the two brothers, martyred apostles, Simon Peter and Andrew who had slumbered many a night next to each other in a boat as fishermen on the Sea of Galilee, once again were united. Though their bodies are at rest, these brothers are still wide awake fishers of men.

Varied and wonderful were the ways in which these fisherman gave themselves up to the holy Ichthys. The exact year of Andrew's death is shrouded in obscurity. Strange to say, the apocryphal works agree in asserting that Andrew died at the time of Mary's Assumption into heaven. Andrew's feast has been celebrated on November 30th since very early times.

The circular letter of Clerus of Achaia which portrayed the death scene of this brave Apostle in stirring and impressive phrases:

When Andrew was led to martyrdom, he looked up at his cross and cried out loudly and clearly, "O good cross! From the limbs of the Lord you have received your eternal form, the long awaited, ardently loved, constantly sought cross! Now my yearning soul is ready. Take me away from mankind and give me to my Master. Through you may He receive me Who has redeemed me through you."

In the Spring of his year on the Jordan, John the Baptist once called out to his disciple Andrew, "'Behold the lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world.'" And the Lord Himself only a few days before His Crucifixion answered a request of Andrew with the words concerning the "grain of wheat" that "must die if it is to bring forth much fruit." The expiatory death of Christ may have been more directly meaningful to Andrew than to many other apostle, more profoundly significant to him than to his brother Simon, who at one time made a vehement protest against the cross. Andrew, on the contrary, greeted the cross with joy: "Salve Crux!" It is a hero's greeting. Even if he stuttered and stammered it out, he would be no less heroic. Every submission to the cross, no matter how easy or difficult, is a noble deed. Whoever says "Salve" to his cross is also Andreios, an Andrew, the brave one.

The cross on which St Andrew died was not a regular cross. It had the shape of the leter X. X is also a Greek letter, the initial letter of the word for Christ. An X signifies a cross. An X signifies Christ. He who is fastened to his cross is also fastened to Christ, united with the Mystical body of Christ. And he who wants to be united with Christ must also be united with the cross. Our Lord Himself required, "If anyone wishes to come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.'"

Cross is Christ! Christ is cross! Our cross is to bring us to the image and likeness of Christ, to give us "to our Master," as Andrew prayed so beautifully. Another apostle, Paul, expressed the same secret of the cross in profound words: "With Christ I am nailed to the cross. It is now no longer I that live, but Christ lives in me. Salve Crux!-I greet thee, my cross! I welcome thee, my cross! I yearn for thee, my cross.

This concludes the chapter Two on Saint Andrew.

The following is a playback from different sources

As Jesus was walking by the sea of Galilee, He saw two brothers, Simon who is now called Peter, and his brother Andrew, casting a net into the sea; they were fishermen. He said to them: "Come after Me, and I will make you fishers of men. At once they left their nets and followed Him." This is the narration from St Matthew.

Before this took place, Andrew had met Jesus. We are told by the Beloved Apostle, St John the brother of James, and the writer of the fourth gospel that Andrew had been a disciple of John the Baptist. In fact, the Baptist pointed Jesus out one day to others when Jesus was near the Jordan River. John, cried out "Behold the Lamb of God". When Andrew heard these words of John the Baptist, he and probably John the Evangelist began to follow Jesus.

Jesus saw them follow Him and turned around and said to them: "What are you looking for? They said to Him, Teacher, where are you staying? Jesus said to them. Come and see for yourselves."

This event happened before Jesus came around again and called Peter and Andrew from their boat. Some time had past before and each of the Gospel writers explained their respective callings in different manners.

We do not hear of St Andrew in the Gospel again until the multiplication of the loaves. As in the case of nearly all the Apostles, the Gospels give us little information about the life or holiness of St Andrew. What is most important is that he was called to be an Apostle, to proclaim the Good News, to heal with Jesus' power and lead others to Jesus through his life and sacrifices.

That's exactly what Andrew did for Jesus and humanity. He gave his life to the Rabbi from Nazareth, he followed Him during His lifetime and eventually died for Him on the cross. Other sources tell us of the marvelous things that happened because of St Andrew.

Research indicates that Andrew's name is mentioned twelve times in the Bible and there were seven incidents in the New Testament about Andrew. Unlike his brother, Peter, it is believed that Andrew never married since he lived with Peter and his family at the beginning of his ministry.

The brother of Peter was also the first of all to follow Jesus. For this reason many old manuscripts gave him the title of honor, "the first-called". Andrew was also the first of the Apostles to call and bring others to Christ. Andrew later told his brother, Peter: "We (meaning himself and John) have found the Messiah", which meant the "Christ" or the One who was foretold to come for whom the Jews were waiting.

Reading after Andrew had stayed with Jesus and had learned much from him, he did not keep this treasure to himself, but hastened to share it with his brother Peter. Notice what Andrew said to him: "We have found the Messiah, that is to say, the Christ". Notice how his words reveal what he has learned in so short a time. They show the power of the master who has convinced them of this truth. Andrew's words reveal a soul waiting with the utmost longing for the coming of the Messiah, looking forward to his appearing from heaven, rejoicing when he does appear, and hastening to announce so great an event to others. To support one another in the things of the spirit is the true sign of good will between brothers, loving kinship and sincere affection.

From a homily above on the Gospel of John by Saint John Chrysostom.

The following ten paragraphs are breathtakingly and beautifully described by the best selling author of "The Incorruptibles" and taken from Joan Carroll Cruz's other book entitled "Mysteries, Marvels, Miracles in the lives of the saints."

The oldest relics known to have exuded manna are those of St Andrew the Apostle. It is believed that St Andrew labored in Turkey and Greece, where his life ended in the city of Patras on November 30 in the year 60. According to the Greek document that was translated by St Gregory, Bishop of Tours (d. 594), the manna first presented itself on the anniversary of the Apostle's death as a perfumed oil that flowed from the sepulchre. Sometimes the manna took the form of a powder that collected on the tomb. For years the oil was so abundant that at times it dripped from the tomb and flowed down the aisle of the church.

The relics were moved about the year 357 to Constantinople, and there also the manna continued to flow. Cardinal Baronio commented at the time that the entire Christian world knew about the substances that collected on the Apostle's tomb. The manna was gathered as a relic and as such was distributed.

At the time of the fourth Crusade in 1204, Cardinal Peter of Capua collected the bones of the Apostle in a silver urn and brought them to safety in Italy, where he placed them in the Cathedral of Amalfi. A century later an elderly gentleman worshiping in the church was somehow alerted to the miracle and notified the priest. A white granular substance was discovered inside the tomb, and when this substance was applied to a man, his vision was restored after several years of blindness.

Sometime later the location of the tomb was "lost to oblivion" until January 2, 1603. A stonemason, while working in the church, discovered a slab of marble with the inscription Corpus s. And. ap.After being recognized by the bishop, the relics were interred with a notarized document signed by the mayor and many witnesses. Unfortunately, the tomb was again lost to memory.

The relics were delivered from obscurity on January 28, 1846, when restorations were being conducted in the church. Work on the flooring had progressed very slowly, since the masons had heard that a treasure had been buried centuries before. After they removed some stones from a wall, the marble slab and the urn were discovered. The next day, in the presence of the archbishop, the document of 1603 was found in the urn with the relics of the Apostle. To prevent their being misplaced again, the urn was removed to the main altar, and there the relics are still found. A silver basin rests beneath the urn to collect the manna.

Since that time manna has been collected punctually on the 28th of January, the anniversary of the relic's discovery, when the substance never fails to appear. Some years there is a great quantity; other years, less. In addition to the anniversary when the relics were found in the Basilica of Amalfi, the manna is also collected during the main holidays of the basilica: the 26th of June and during the month of November, which is dedicated to the Apostle - and especially November 30, the anniversary of his martyrdom.

A chronicle started by Bishop Bonito in 1908, which has been maintained to the present day, contains a record of the phenomenon and the amount of manna collected. Under the date of November 29, 1909 it is recorded that two silver bowls and a glass vial were needed to collect the flow of manna.

Of particular interest is what took place on November 30, 1915. The canonical secretary, Antonelli, tried to collect the manna, but found none. Responding to an inspiration, he and those with him began to recite the Miserere . After the third recitation of this prayer the manna began to collect. In later years it was found that the recitation of the Creed also produced a quantity of manna. Even today, if the manna fails to appear (with the exception of January 28, when it always appears), the Creed is recited - with maraculous results.

An exceptional amount of manna was found on January 28th, 1933. The flow continued until 15 vials were filled with it.

Some may argue that the manifestation is due to the natural causes, but the skeptic should consider that the chronicle, which is still kept, presents a phenomenon that has been constant, not related to season, not fixed to a liturgical rite, and which takes place at all times of the year. Moreover, it has occurred in three countries: Greece, Turkey and Italy, all of which have different climatic conditons. Just as Jesus multiplied in Andrew's presence the five barley loaves and two fish, so it is that the good Lord has multiplied in a wondrous way the manna of St Andrew - a phenomenon that has spanned more than fourteen centuries.

The above is also partly taken from another of Joan Carroll Cruz' books entitled Relics , pp 192-194.

2 posted on 10/17/2010 10:10:49 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: nickcarraway; NYer; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; ArrogantBustard; Catholicguy; RobbyS; markomalley; ...

Apostle Ping!

3 posted on 10/17/2010 10:15:42 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
The Twelve Apostles of the Catholic Church: St. Peter [Catholic Caucus]
The Twelve Apostles of the Catholic Church: St. Andrew [Catholic Caucus]

4 posted on 10/17/2010 10:30:50 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

Fascinating. Thanks for posting. We have several members of our family named Andrew, but I never knew all of this history.

5 posted on 10/18/2010 8:23:45 AM PDT by afraidfortherepublic (Southeast Wisconsin, Zone 4 to 5)
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