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St. Ambrose, Doctor of the Church ^ | not given |

Posted on 12/06/2009 10:05:52 PM PST by Salvation

Saint Ambrose Pardoning Theodosius

St. Ambrose, Doctor of the Church

December 7

c. 340-97

Born in Trier, Germany, son of Ambrose, the praetorian prefect of Gaul, he was taken back to Rome when a child on the death of his father, he became a lawyer there noted for his oratory and learning. His success led Ancius Probus, praetorian prefect of Italy, to name him his assessor, and Emperor Valentinian appointed him governor of Liguria and Aemilia with his capital at Milan about 372, a position he filled with great ability and justice. In 374 the death of Auxentius, bishop of Milan and an Arian, threw the city into turmoil as Arians and Catholics fought to have their candidate made bishop.
When Ambrose, nominally a Christian but not yet Baptized, went to the cathedral to attempt to quiet the seething passions, he was unanimously elected bishop by all parties. Despite his refusal to accept the office, he was forced to do so when the Emperor confirmed the election.
He was Baptized and on December 7, 374, was consecrated bishop. He gave away all his possessions, began a study of theology, the Bible, and the great Christian writers under his former tutor, Simplician, and began to live a life of great austerity. He soon became the most eloquent preacher of his day and the most formidable Catholic opponent of Arianism in the West and became an adviser to Emperor Gratian. In 379 Ambrose persuaded him to outlaw Arianism in the West. In 383, when Emperor Gratian was killed in battle by Maximus, Ambrose persuaded Maximus not to attempt to extend his domain into Italy against the new young Emperor Valentinian II.
Ambrose was successful in defeating an attempt by Quintus Aurelius Symmachus to restore the cult of the goddess of victory in Rome, and in 385 successfully resisted Valentinian's order to turn over several churches in Milan to a group headed by Valentinian's mother, Empress Justina, a secret Arian. In 386, Ambrose flatly refused to obey an imperial edict that practically proscribed Catholic gatherings and forbade any opposition to turning churches over to Arians. When the conflict between Catholics and Arians deepened, Maximus invaded Italy despite Ambrose's pleas. Valentinian and Justina fled and sought the aid of Eastern Emperor Theodosius I, who defeated Maximus and had him executed in Pannonia and restored Valentinian to the throne; Theodosius now controlled both Eastern and Western empires.
At Milan, Theodosius convinced Valentinian to denounce Arianism and recognize Ambrose, but himself soon came into conflict with Ambrose when Ambrose denounced his order to the bishop of Kallinikum, Mesopotamia, to rebuild a Jewish synagogue destroyed by the Christians there, an order he rescinded. In 390, the two clashed again when Theodosius' troops massacred some seven thousand people in Thessalonica in reprisal for the murder of the governor, Butheric, and several of his officers. Ambrose denounced the Emperor for his action and refused him the Sacraments until he performed a severe public penance-----which Theodosius did. In 393, Valentinian II was murdered in Gaul by Arbogastes, whose envoy, Eugenius, had attempted to restore paganism. Ambrose denounced the murder, and the defeat and execution of Arbogastes at Aquileia by Theodosius finally ended paganism in the Empire.
When Theodosius died a few months after his victory, it was in the arms of Ambrose, who preached his funeral oration. Ambrose died two years later, in Milan, on April 4. Ambrose was one of the great figures of early Christianity, and more than any other man he was responsible for the rise of Christianity in the West as the Roman Empire was dying. A fierce defender of the independence of the Church against the secular authority, he wrote profusely on the Bible, theology, asceticism, mainly based on his sermons, and numerous homilies, psalms, and hymns written in iambic dimeter that became the standard for Western hymnody. He brought St. Augustine, who revered him, back to his Catholic faith, Baptizing him in 387, and was considered by his contemporaries as the exemplar par excellence of what a bishop should be-----holy, learned, courageous, patient, and immovable when necessary for the faith-----a worthy Doctor of the Church. His best-known works are De officiis ministrorum, a treatise on Christian ethics especially directed to the clergy, De virginibus, written for his sister St. Marcellina, and De fide, written against the Arians for Gratian.


TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; History; Theology
KEYWORDS: catholic; catholiclist; saints
The Memorial of St. Anbrose, Bishop and Doctor of the Church is December 7th.
1 posted on 12/06/2009 10:05:53 PM PST by Salvation
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**He brought St. Augustine, who revered him, back to his Catholic faith, Baptizing him in 387, and was considered by his contemporaries as the exemplar par excellence of what a bishop should be-——holy, learned, courageous, patient, and immovable when necessary for the faith-——a worthy Doctor of the Church.**

Thank you, St. Ambrose!

2 posted on 12/06/2009 10:07:36 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
St. Ambrose, Doctor of the Church
Saint Ambrose
Orthodox Feast of +Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, Dec. 7th.
St. Ambrose read without moving his lips!
On St. Ambrose of Milan
3 posted on 12/06/2009 10:30:05 PM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
Saint Ambrose, Bishop & Doctor of the Church

Saint Ambrose,
Bishop & Doctor of the Church
December 7th

Ambrogio Borgognone
St Ambrose with Saints
c. 1514 -- Panel
Certosa, Pavia

Saint Ambrose was born at Trier in about 340. He studied law at Rome, and was made bishop of Milan on December 7, 374. He defended the faith against the Arian heresy through his writings and teachings. He helped lead Augustine into the true faith. Ambrose died on Holy Saturday, April 4, 397.

You made Saint Ambrose an outstanding teacher of the Catholic faith
and gave him the courage of an apostle.
Raise up in Your Church more leaders after Your own heart,
to guide us with courage and wisdom.
We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ, Your Son,
who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

First Reading: Ephesians 3:8-12
To me[Paul], though I am the very least of all the saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ, and to make all men see what is the plan of the mystery hidden for ages in God who created all things; that through the church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known to the principalities and powers in the heavenly places. This was according to the eternal purpose which He has realized in Christ Jesus our Lord, in whom we have boldness and confidence of access through our faith in Him.

Gospel Reading: John 10:11-16
I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep. He who is a hireling and not a shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf snatches them and scatters them. He flees because he is a hireling and cares nothing for the sheep. I am the good shepherd; I know My own and My own know me, as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep. And I have other sheep, that are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will heed My voice. So there shall be one flock, one Shepherd.


Prayer of St. Ambrose
Preparation before mass

Lord, Jesus Christ,
I approach your banquet table
in fear and trembling,
for I am a sinner,
and dare not rely on my own worth
but only on your goodness and mercy.
I am defiled by many sins
in body and soul,
and by my unguarded thoughts and words.
Gracious God of majesty and awe,
I seek your protection,
I look for your healing;
Poor troubled sinner that I am,
I appeal to you, the fountain of all mercy.
I cannot bear your judgment,
but I trust in your salvation.
Lord, I show my wounds to you.
I know my sins are many and great,
and they fill me with fear,
but I hope in your mercies,
for they cannot be numbered.
Lord Jesus Christ, eternal King, God and man,
crucified for mankind,
look upon me with mercy and hear my prayer,
for I trust in you.
Have mercy on me,
full of sorrow and sin,
for the depth of your compassion never ends.
Praise to you, saving sacrifice,
offered on the wood of the cross for me
and for all mankind.
Praise to the noble and precious blood,
flowing from the wounds of my crucified
Lord Jesus Christ
and washing away the sins of the whole world.
Remember, Lord, your creature,
whom you have redeemed with your blood.
I repent my sins,
and I long to put right what I have done.
Merciful Father, take away
all my offenses and sins;
purify me in body and soul,
and make me worthy to taste the holy of holies.
May your body and blood,
which I intend to receive,
although I am unworthy,
be for me the remission of my sins,
the washing away of my guilt,
the end of my evil thoughts,
and the rebirth of my better instincts.
May it incite me to do the works pleasing to you
and profitable to my health in body and soul,
and be a firm defense
against the wiles of my enemies. Amen.

Related link on the Vatican website:
Benedict XVI, General Audience, Saint Peter's Square, Wednesday, October 24, 2007, Saint Ambrose of Milan

4 posted on 12/07/2009 8:44:43 AM PST by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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