Skip to comments.June 13, Feast of St Anthony of Padua, Confessor and Doctor
Posted on 06/13/2005 4:27:05 AM PDT by Mike Fieschko
From breviary.net, here are Lessons iv. v. and vi. from the Divine Office readings for the Feast of St Anthony of Padua, first a member of the Canons Regular of St Augustine, then a Franciscan (no link, only the Almighty knows how many Franciscan web sites there are), confessor and doctor of the Church, and some information about this Saint, whose cult has survived for over seven hundred years.
St Anthony of Padua with the infant Jesus, from the Basilica of St Anthony.
Antonius, Ulyssipone in Lusitánia honestis ortus paréntibus, et ab iis pie educatus, adoléscens, institutum canonicórum regulárium suscépit. Sed, cum córpora beatórum quinque Mártyrum fratrum Minórum Conímbriam transferéntur, qui paulo ante apud Marrochium pro Christi fide passi erant, martyrii desidério incénsus ad Franciscanum ordinam transívit. Mox eodem ardore impulsus, ad Saracenos ire perréxit ; sed, adversa valetúdine afflíctus et redire coactus, cum navi ad Hispaniæ littora ténderet, ventórum vi in Siciliam delátus est.
Anthony was born of decent parents at Lisbon in Portugal. They gave him a godly training, and while he was still a young man, he joined an Institute of Canons Regular. However, when the bodies of the five holy martyred Friars Minor, who had just suffered in Morocco for Christ's sake, were brought to Coïmbra, the desire to be himself a martyr took a strong hold upon him, and he left the Canons Regular and became a Franciscan. The same yearning led him to attempt to go among the Saracens, but he fell sick on the way, and being obliged to turn back, the ship in which he had embarked for Spain was driven by stress of weather to Sicily.
Assisium e Sicília ad capitulum generale venit : inde in eremum montis Pauli in Æmília secessit, ubi divinis contemplatiónibus, jejuniis et vigiliis diu vacávit. Postea, sacris ordínibus initiátus et ad prædicándum Evangelium missus, dicendi sapiéntia et copia tantum profecit, tantamque sui admiratiónem commovit, ut eum summus Pontifex aliquando concionántem áudiens, arcam Testaménti appellarit. In primis vero hæreses summa vi profligávit, ideoque perpetuus hæreticórum malleus est vocatus.
From Sicily he came to Assisi to attend the General Chapter of his Order, and thence withdrew himself to the Hermitage of Monte Paolo near Bologna, where he gave himself up for a long while to consideration of the things of God, to fastings, and to watchings. Being afterward ordained Priest, and sent to preach the Gospel, his wisdom and fluency were very marked, and drew on him such admiration of men, that the Pope, once hearing him preach, called him The Ark of the Covenant. One of his chief points was to expend all his strength in attacking heresies, whence he gained the name of the Heretics' everlasting Hammer.
Primus ex suo ordine, ob doctrinæ præstantiam, Bononiæ et álibi sacras litteras est interpretatus, fratrumque suórum stúdiis præfuit. Multis vero peragrátis provinciis, anno ante obitum Patavium venit, ubi illustria sanctitátis suæ monuménta relíquit. Denique magnis laboribus pro glória Dei perfunctus, meritis et miraculis clarus obdormívit in Dómino Idibus Junii, anno salútis millesimo ducentésimo trigesimo primo. Quem Gregórius nonus, Pontifex maximus, sanctórum Confessórum numero adscripsit, et Pius duodecimus, ex Sacrórum Rituum Congregatiónis consulto, universalis Ecclésiæ Doctórem declarávit.
He was the first of his Order who, on account of his excellent gift of teaching, publicly lectured at Bologna on the interpretation of Holy Scripture, and directed the studies of his brethren. He travelled through many provinces. The year before his death he came to Padua, where he left some remarkable records of his holy life. After having undergone much toil for the glory of God, full of good works and miracles, he fell asleep in the Lord upon the 13th day of June, in the year of salvation 1231. Pope Gregory IX enrolled his name among those of the Holy Confessors, and Pius XII, having consulted the Congregation of Sacred Rites, declared him a Doctor of the universal Church.
One week ago, on June 6, the Church marked the feast of St Norbert, who lived at the same time as St Anthony of Padu, and shortly after Pope Gregory VII (Hildebrand). St Francis of Assisi was, of course, still alive. The Catholic Encyclopedia relates Anthony's first public preaching:While Anthony lived retired at Montepaolo it happened, one day, that a number of Franciscan and Dominican friars were sent together to Forli for ordination. Anthony was also present, but simply as companion of the Provincial. When the time for ordination had arrived, it was found that no one had been appointed to preach. The superior turned first to the Dominicans, and asked that one of their number should address a few words to the assembled brethren; but everyone declined, saying he was not prepared. In their emergency they then chose Anthony, whom they thought only able to read the Missal and Breviary, and commanded him to speak whatever the spirit of God might put into his mouth. Anthony, compelled by obedience, spoke at first slowly and timidly, but soon enkindled with fervour, he began to explain the most hidden sense of Holy Scripture with such profound erudition and sublime doctrine that all were struck with astonishment. With that moment began Anthony's public career.Source: St. Anthony of Padua.
Fr Paul Spilsbury, O.F.M., translated all of St Anthony's extant sermons from the Critical Latin Edition of the Centro Studi Antoniani in Padua.
St Anthony Church, Jersey City, New Jersey, U.S.A., as it appears today.
One time when I visited St Anthony's in Jersey City (it is literally around the corner from Holy Rosary, the site of the Latin Mass indult in the Archdiocese of Newark), Fr Urban explained that although St Anthony's is the Mother Church of Polonia in New Jersey, St Anthony himself is beloved by Catholics all over the world. This church is one threatened with closing under Abp John Myers.
St. Anthony has always been very good to me. I hope they don't close his namesake church in Jersey City. I think I was there once for a funeral.
Thanks for posting -- and especially for the links!
St Anthony's tongue is in Portugal his birthplace.
I was at the tomb.His tongue was removed because he was born in Portugal.They wanted his body but got the tongue.
At noon Mass today our priest talked ab out seeing the relic of his tongue and lower jaw.
|Today is the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua, called Ark of the Covenant for his profound knowledge of Scriptures and Hammer of Heretics for his skill in applying that knowledge in polemics. It is customary in the churches of many Western nations to place the statue of St. Anthony in a special place of honor to be venerated by the faithful on his feast day.
I also bought some other picture that represented St. Anthony that was sold at the door of the church. This one was not by Giotto, but by some unknown author who portrayed the common picture of St. Anthony. It showed a young man with soft skin, pink cheeks, and the mindless and somewhat foolish air of one who does not understand anything. In his arms he is holding a Child Jesus, who appears to not understand what he is doing in the arms of that man. He has the air of someone who says: I am sorry to be here, it probably happened by some mistake. But it seems that we will still have to bear this for a while. In St. Anthonys face, there is nothing that expresses the Doctor of the Church, the man who was considered the greatest expert in Scriptures of his time.
He knew everything in Scriptures and used to quote it by heart; he knew even its most arcane and difficult passages. He was not only able to quote such texts, but used to comment on them and draw concrete consequences from them to smash the heretics and to encourage the faithful.
The militant St. Anthony is the authentic one, depicting the way he lived on earth in his times and the way he is now in Heaven. But today his true moral physiognomy, which the Church presents as a model, has almost completely disappeared. The figure that replaced him is a sentimental one only concerned about giving graces and favors. There is a fundamental difference in the physical figure, but most of all, there is a fundamental difference in the moral figure of St. Anthony.
In addition to being honored with the aforementioned titles Ark of the Covenant and Hammer of the Heretics St. Anthony is also the Patron of the Army. The reason for that is linked to two incidents where, from Heaven, he intervened in a militant way.
The first was when a Spanish fleet was besieging the Muslim city of Oram and facing a long and fruitless siege. In such circumstance, the Spanish Admiral went to a statue of St. Anthony to ask his intercession. He told St. Anthony that he, the Admiral, could do nothing more without some extraordinary help. Then he turned over his insignias of command to the statue and placed his Admirals hat on its head. Then he asked St. Anthony to take command of the siege against Oram and conquer the city.
Soon after this, the Moors suddenly left the city. Some who were captured and interrogated related that they had seen a Friar coming from Heaven with an Admirals hat on his head. He threatened the Moors that he would send fire from Heaven upon them unless they left the city. In face of this peril, the Muslims found it more prudent to leave.
The second incident took place in Rio de Janeiro when it was being attacked by the French Calvinist fleet. The Calvinists had a great advantage over the Brazilian Catholics, who could no longer offer an effective resistance. At that point, the Franciscan Friars took a statue of St. Anthony from their monastery to a central square in Rio and set it on a column.
The common devotion to St. Anthony normally does not mention things like this. He is presented as a sweet, foolish saint who only likes to arrange marriages and enjoy his feast day. This kind of sentimental piety distorted the physiognomy of the great St. Anthony to hide his militancy.
I think that we have the obligation to correct this false piety and help restore the true moral physiognomy of the saints. For it is easy to see that this distortion has been effected not only with St. Anthony, but also with many other saints.
Let us ask St. Anthony to give us the necessary graces to help extirpate this false piety and to become enthusiastic admirers of Catholic militancy, as he was.
Saint Anthony of Padua,
Priest and Doctor of the Church
Madonna with Child, St Anthony of Padua and a Friar
before 1480 -- Tempera on wood
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
Saint Anthony was born in Lisbon, Portugal as Ferdinand de Bulhoes, he was a Franciscan known for his profound knowledge of theology and for his rhetorical skill. His preachings carried him from the north of Africa to Italy and France. He is known as the Evangelical Doctor because he based all that he said on the texts of the gospels. He died in Padua.
Source: Daily Roman Missal, Edited by Rev. James Socías, Midwest Theological Forum, Chicago, Illinois ©2003
You have given St. Anthony to Your people
as an outstanding preacher
and a ready helper in time of need.
With his assistance may we follow the Gospel of Christ
and know the help of Your grace in every difficulty.
Grant this through our Lord Jesus Christ, Your Son,
who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit,
one God, for ever and ever. +Amen.
First Reading: Isaiah 61:1-3d
The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good tidings to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn; to grant to those who mourn in Zion-- to give them a garland instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the mantle of praise instead of a faint spirit; that they may be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that He may be glorified.
Gospel Reading: Luke 10:1-9
After this the Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them on ahead of Him, two by two, into every town and place where He Himself was about to come. And He said to them, "The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; pray therefore the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest. Go your way; behold, I send you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. Carry no purse, no bag, no sandals; and salute no one on the road. Whatever house you enter, first say, 'Peace be to this house!' And if a son of peace is there, your peace shall rest upon him; but if not, it shall return to you. And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide, for the laborer deserves his wages; do not go from house to house. Whenever you enter a town and they receive you, eat what is set before you; heal the sick in it and say to them, 'The kingdom of God has come near to you.'
Oración a San Antonio de Padua
Glorioso San Antonio que por tus
Milagros mereciste tener en tus brazos
Al infante Jesús: intercede de su
Misericordia el favor que
Fervorosament te pido. Tú eres tan
Bondadoso con los pecadores, no te
Fijes en mis faltas. Miro la grandeza y
La gloria del Señor, la salvación de mi
Alma y la necesidad de remediar mis
(Haga su petición)
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