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India’s ‘Peaceful Coexistence’ With China ‘Long Gone:’ Expert
Epoch Times ^ | 07/28/2021 | Adam MIchael Molon

Posted on 07/28/2021 9:09:24 PM PDT by SeekAndFind

identify Beijing, the Chinese regime loomed large as the two sides emphasized a commitment to work together on issues from defense to COVID-19 vaccine distribution.

“I welcome President Biden’s strong commitment to strengthen the India-U.S. Strategic Partnership, which is anchored in our shared democratic values and is a force for global good,” Modi wrote in a tweet following his meeting with Blinken.

Amrita Jash, research fellow at Indian think tank Centre for Land Warfare Studies (CLAWS) and author of “The Concept of Active Defence in China’s Military Strategy,” said that solidarity against intensifying threats from authoritarian China is a “cause which binds” the United States, India, and other countries in the region and beyond.

Following the deadly Galwan Valley border clash between the Indian and Chinese armies in 2020, “peaceful coexistence [between India and China] is long gone,” she told The Epoch Times in an interview.

Testing India’s Resolve

India and China share a disputed border of more than 2,100 miles known as the “Line of Actual Control” (LAC), and China “consistently tries to test India’s resolve and attempts to provoke” at the LAC, Jash said.

India and China fought a month-long border war in 1962, and while tension has remained along the LAC since then, it has notably increased in the last several years. A standoff between India and China occurred in 2017 at Doklam—near the intersection of the disputed borders of India, China, and Bhutan—and a deadly skirmish was fought with clubs and other “Stone Age” weapons in June 2020 in the Galwan Valley, along India’s eastern Ladakh region border with China.

The 2017 Doklam standoff began when China attempted to change the status quo near the LAC by extending an existing road in disputed territory also claimed by India’s neighbor and ally, the Kingdom of Bhutan, a landlocked nation in the Himalayas with a population of less than one million. Indian troops intervened on Bhutan’s behalf to stop extension of the road, and after facing off for more than a month, Indian and Chinese troops withdrew to previous positions.

“India stood tall,” in the Doklam standoff, Jash said.

In June 2020, India-China relations reached a new low when a vicious clash broke out near the LAC in the Galwan Valley, resulting in the deaths of at least 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of Chinese soldiers.

India and China had formally agreed that soldiers from both sides are not allowed to use firearms in standoffs along the LAC. But during the 2020 skirmish, Chinese soldiers utilized “Stone Age” weapons that they had prepared, including metal batons wrapped in barbed wire and clubs embedded with nails.

“It’s very evident that China is the instigator,” Jash said, adding that the Chinese regime’s use of weapons “has broken all protocols” between India and China along the LAC.

In her book, Jash writes, “China’s behavioral pattern along the India-China border … complies with its ‘salami-slicing’ strategy as witnessed in the case of [the] South China Sea, wherein it encroaches and takes control of disputed areas … China’s repeated acts of transgression can be attributed to its ‘bit-by-bit’ policy of securing its claims, a way to increasingly test India’s resolve.”

India, however, is standing firm against China’s tests and incursions, Jash said.

“The way China’s trying to continuously change the status quo is something that is disturbing,” she said. “Given the current situation … no one is going to give an inch of land.”

‘What Does China Have to Give?’

Jash said that while authoritarian China attempts to project strength along the India-China border, it is faced with major internal and external problems that fundamentally threaten the one-party rule of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

“China is troubled in every quarter,” she said. “[In the] South China Sea, East China Sea, [along the] India-China border.”

Internal problems include slowing economic growth and widespread resistance to CCP rule in Tibet, Xinjiang, and Hong Kong, Jash noted. Meanwhile, external problems include comprehensive economic and military tensions with liberal democracies around the world, including the United States, India, Japan, and Taiwan, as well as with countries that have fallen prey to ruinous debt through participation in Beijing’s massive infrastructure investment project, the Belt and Road Initiative.

“[China’s] economic growth has slowed down. Its idea of the China model has failed, and the Belt and Road has led to greater debt traps,” Jash said.

“So, where is the inspiration? Now, you know the stories of Xinjiang and Tibet, what inspiration can one draw? ‘Freedom’ is the key word here. That is where the entire China story falls flat … The [Chinese] government is trying to legitimize its whole political apparatus under the Communist Party [with] the patriotic education campaign and now [with the] economy, but [for] how long?”

Jash points to the totalitarian direction in which Chinese leader Xi Jinping has steered the country as a major factor contributing to its rapidly accumulating problems.

“We have seen it under Mao. Whenever there is one-man domination in China there are great repercussions to that. Under Mao we saw the Great Leap Forward lead to the famines [and the] Cultural Revolution,” Jash said. “Now, under Xi Jinping we are seeing … his amassing of power … that would automatically lead to greater resistance and resentment.”

The author also described fundamental problems with China’s national character under the CCP. This is illustrated by the regime’s cover-up of the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic around the world from Wuhan, as well as by a social media post in May by a powerful CCP organ that mocked India’s struggle with a new coronavirus variant.

“That shows China’s own character,” she said. “China aspires to become a superpower. Then you should also have certain characteristics about what you have to offer to the world … [the] United States, what did it give? It gave liberty, the idea of liberalism or liberty … China can’t give us liberty, so what does China have to give?”

Citing India’s population size of nearly 1.4 billion, its regional military presence, and its status as the world’s largest democracy, Jash said that India is a significant obstacle standing in the way of China’s superpower aspirations.

“When you talk of Asia, which country acts as a stumbling block to China’s rise? It’s India.”

The Quad

Jash said that India’s relations with the United States have “only strengthened over time,” citing the “four foundational agreements” between the United States and India made from 2002 to 2020, relating to the areas of military information protection, military logistics sharing, communications security, and the provision of targeting and navigation information.

Another major factor contributing to U.S.-India relations, Jash said, is with the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, or the “Quad,” between the United States, India, Japan, and Australia, which champions democratic values and an “open and free Indo-Pacific” region. She said that in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Quad “has taken traction like never before,” and that “we are seeing a greater tilt by countries from the UK, Canada, France, Germany, who are slowly giving in to the Indo-Pacific vision.”

Jash contrasted India’s dominant presence on the Indian Ocean with Beijing’s acquisition of the Gwadar Port in Pakistan as part of the Belt and Road Initiative, as well as China’s 99-year lease of Sri Lanka’s Hambantota Port. The lease was acquired in 2017, when Sri Lanka’s government was unable to service Chinese loans that helped to construct the port, which has resulted in criticism that Beijing is engaging in “debt-trap diplomacy.”

“India is a primary actor in the Indian Ocean,” Jash said. “Unlike China, [which] is trying to get into the Indian Ocean.”

TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: china; coexistence; india

1 posted on 07/28/2021 9:09:24 PM PDT by SeekAndFind
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To: SeekAndFind

Where did the “Delta Variant” originate?

2 posted on 07/28/2021 9:12:26 PM PDT by lightman (I am a binary Trinitarian. Deal with it!)
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To: SeekAndFind

Delta from what I know came from India.

3 posted on 07/28/2021 9:15:28 PM PDT by shanover (...To disarm the people is the best and most effectual way to enslave them.-S.Adams)
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To: SeekAndFind
Can the Indian military come even close to matching the CiComs today? Not a chance in hell!
4 posted on 07/28/2021 9:15:51 PM PDT by immadashell (New Planned Parenthood slogan: Black Babies’ Lives Don't Matter!c)
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To: shanover

From China, via India.

5 posted on 07/28/2021 9:17:31 PM PDT by Impy ("We didn't steal the election, we swear!!!" - Sincerely, The Election Thieves )
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To: immadashell
Can the Indian military come even close to matching the CiComs today? Not a chance in hell!

The Chinese military may be much bigger than the Indian.

But the Indian Ocean is where Chinas oil and raw materials come through. And that is where the Indian Navy can take them apart. From land. The Andaman Island command is set up for that very reason.

Also, the Chinese infantry is used to a lot more luxury than is available on a battlefield. They are all the only child of their parents. Numbers help but training is equally important. Also major Chinese weapons systems have never been tested in battle. Just like their soldiers.

It would not be as one sided as you assume. Not in the Himalayas. Not in the Ocean.

6 posted on 07/28/2021 9:52:37 PM PDT by IndianChief
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To: IndianChief

One scenario. All Asian nations take their turn and the US finishes them off.

7 posted on 07/28/2021 10:28:42 PM PDT by DIRTYSECRET
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