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Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 7/22/43 | Herbert L. Matthews, Paul Kern Lee, Daniel T. Brigham, Tillman Durdin, Hanson W. Baldwin

Posted on 07/22/2013 5:35:45 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson


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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; piusxii; realtime; worldwariicatholic
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 07/22/2013 5:35:45 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Kursk and Vicinity 1943: Battle of Kursk, 4 July-1 August 1943
Soviet Summer and Fall Offensives: Operations, 17 July-1 December 1943
Sicily, 1943: Italo-German Counterattack, 11 July and Allied Advance, 12 July-17 August 1943
South Pacific Area Operations: Capture of New Georgia, 21 June-27 August 1943
New Guinea Force Operations: Capture of Salamaua and Lae, 29 June-16 September 1943
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Status of Forces and Allied Theater Boundaries, 2 July 1942
India-Burma, 1942: Allied Lines of Communication, 1942-1943
Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
2 posted on 07/22/2013 5:36:21 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Continued from July 10.

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Michael Korda, Ike: An American Hero

3 posted on 07/22/2013 5:37:55 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
The first of these excerpts is continued from yesterday. The second is continued from July 7.

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Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

4 posted on 07/22/2013 5:49:09 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Enna is Captured – 2
Eisenhower Sees Slower Advance (Matthews) – 3
War News Summarized – 3
British Navy Guns Aid Catania Fight (by Paul Kern Lee, first-time contributor) – 4
Tension in Rome Continues High – 4
Pius Tells of Plea (Brigham) – 5
Pope’s Letter on the Raid on Rome – 6
Nazi Base in Peril – 8
Germans in Soviet Bid Reich Revolt – 9
Harbor of Bairoko is Blasted in Record New Georgia Raid (Durdin) – 10
A New York Policeman Gives a Killer the Right of Way (photo) – 11
M-7 Tank Destroyer Goes on Display Here – 11
Kuriles Vulnerable (Baldwin) – 12
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 13-15
5 posted on 07/22/2013 5:50:38 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

US troops take Palermo, Axis forces escape
Thursday, July 22, 1943

German soldiers fighting on Sicily [photo at link]

In Sicily... American forces enter Palermo and isolate 50,000 Italian troops in the west of the island. The Axis mobile forces, including most of the German forces, escape to the northeast corner of the island.

In the Aleutian Islands... US naval forces (2 battleships and 4 cruisers as well as lighter units) bombard Japanese held Kiska Island.

6 posted on 07/22/2013 5:52:04 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

July 22nd, 1943 (THURSDAY)
UNITED KINGDOM: The results of the first phase of the Combined Bomber Offensive (CBO) are good according to a report of the British Joint Intelligence Committee. The report maintains the CBO has caused Germany to adopt a defensive air strategy resulting in more than half its fighter strength being employed on the Western Front at the expense of the Eastern and Mediterranean Fronts as well as causing considerable damage to transportation, the synthetic rubber industry, and the fuel, iron, and coal industries of the Ruhr.

Destroyer HMS Ursa launched .

Minesweeper HMS Frolic launched.

Corvette HMS Allington Castle laid down.


U-989 commissioned

U-349, U-995 launched.

ITALY: US forces enter Palermo on Sicily. This cuts off 50,000 Italian troops on the west side of the island. It does not stop the mobile German troops from escaping.
As advance units of Lt-Gen Patton’s Seventh Army swept down from the mountains and raced along the coastal road towards this city today, the Axis garrison fled in complete disorder.

Patton’s advance across Sicily has been spectacular, with opposition weakening daily as the American strength grew. Now the race for Messina, in the east of the island, can really start.

The 1st Infantry Division continues north, taking Bompietro.

The British Eighth Army, fighting in the shadow of Mount Etna, is facing a much more difficult task against the German paratroopers whose 88mm anti-tank guns are again proving a formidable weapon - particularly in hilly terrain.

Canadians of Lord Tweedsmuir’s Hastings and Prince Edwards Regiment have managed to take the hill town of Assoro using a ruse employed by General Wolfe in his capture of Quebec almost 200 years ago. The town stands on a precipitous cliff face, and it was this that the Canadian scaled “in 40 sweating, tearing minutes”, surprising the German defenders completely. The Canadians began to advance on the main objective, the town of Leonforte, which was cleared today after street fighting which lasted all night.

In the air, Northwest African Tactical Air Force (NATAF) light bombers hit Randazzo, the railroad at Falcone, the road west of Marina, Adrano, Paterno, Troina, and Misterbianco.

During the night of 21/22 July, Northwest African Strategic Air Force (NASAF) Wellingtons bomb Capodichino Airfield and Salerno marshalling yard. During the day, 100+ B-17s bomb the Battipaglia marshalling yard and Foggia; B-26s hit a Salerno bridge and marshalling yard; and fighters fly a sweep over Maddalena Island, strafing factories, trucks, and small vessels.

SOLOMON ISLANDS: During the afternoon, 20+ B-17s and B-24s, 12 Navy PB4Y-1 Liberators, 18 SBD Dauntlesses and 18 TBF Avengers escorted by 134 Allied fighter aircraft attack shipping in the area off Buin, Bougainville Island. A sea-plane carrier is sunk, and damaging hits are claimed on several other vessels. Navy F4F Wildcat pilots shoot down 5 A6M “Zekes.”
A US reconnaissance party lands in Vella Lavella.

PACIFIC OCEAN: USS Sculpin (SS-191) sinks the seaplane carrier HIJMS Nisshin east of Kokoda Island off New Guinea at position 3.47S 151.36E. (Jack McKillop and Massmiliano Stola)

TERRITORY OF ALASKA: ALEUTIAN ISLANDS: The USN’s Task Groups 16.1 and 16.2, under Rear Admiral Robert C. Griffin, bombard Kiska Island.

TG 16.1, composed of the heavy cruisers USS Louisville (CA-28), USS San Francisco (CA-38) and USS Wichita (CA-45), the light cruiser USS Santa Fe (CL-60) and five destroyers, fires 1,719 rounds for 21 minutes at the Main Camp and Little Kiska Island.

TG 16.2, composed of the battleships USS Mississippi (BB-41) and USS New Mexico (BB-40), the heavy cruiser USS Portland (CA-33) and four destroyers, fires 1,084 rounds for 18 minutes on North and South Head, Sunrise Hill and the Submarine Base.

The Japanese return fire but it is ineffective. IJN submarines are reported but they turn out to be two porpoises and three whales.

The USAAF’s Eleventh Air Force dispatches 26 B-25 Mitchells, 17 B-24s, 13 P-40s, and 20 P-38 Lightnings hit North Head, Main Camp, and the submarine base at Kiska Island, as well as coastal defenses and Anti-Aircraft guns at both Kiska and Little Kiska Islands, starting numerous fires.

Intense and heavy AA fire downs one B-25 (crew saved) and damages 18 aircraft of which another B-25 crashes at base.

One B-25 photographs the southern and western Kiska Island shores while a B-24 flies radar reconnaissance over Kiska Island.

CANADA: HMC ML 125 commissioned.

Minesweeper HMCS Middlesex launched Port Arthur, Ontario.
Henry Asbjorn Larsen 1899-1964 leaves Halifax on the RCMP patrol ship St. Roch to return to Vancouver via Northwest Passage; completes trip 86 days later.


Escort carrier USS Bolinas commissioned.

Destroyer escort USS Canfield commissioned.

Destroyer escorts USS Eichenberger and James E Craig launched.

ATLANTIC OCEAN: At 0921, the unescorted Cherry Valley was hit by two torpedoes from U-66, while steering a zigzagging course at 15.5 knots. The torpedoes struck the starboard side between the #6 and #7 tanks. The explosions ripped open the #5, #6, #7 and #8 starboard and centre tanks. The engines and steering gear were not damaged and the tanker tried to escape at a reduced speed of 13 knots. U-66 followed the tanker and fired a spread of three torpedoes at 1130; one was seen passing ahead and one other astern. The U-boat then surfaced to stop the vessel with gunfire. The tanker was armed with one 5in, one 3in and eight 20mm and fired back, forcing the U-boat to break off the attack. The list to port was adjusted by emptying the #1 starboard tank and the Cherry Valley successfully escaped. She arrived at San Juan, Puerto Rico, under her own power, escorted into port by the HNLMS Jan van Brakel on 24 July. There were no casualties among the eleven officers, 40 crewmen and 28 armed guards. Eventually she was repaired and returned to service.

At 1510, U-81 torpedoed the Empire Moon, which was sailing in an unidentified convoy, escorted by HMS Stroma. The ship reached port safely.

7 posted on 07/22/2013 5:53:18 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
The article "Germans in Soviet Bid Reich Revolt" mentions Walter Ulbricht and Wilhelm Pieck as members of the Free Germany Committee. A little bird tells me that this isn't the last time we have heard those names.
8 posted on 07/22/2013 7:38:25 AM PDT by Fiji Hill
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
"Byrnes Gives Hope for Civilian Goods"

War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes, looks like a rising star in the Democratic Party.

9 posted on 07/22/2013 7:45:46 AM PDT by Fiji Hill
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Looks like things are heating up on Kiska in the Aleutians. There could be a bloody battle there when the Marines land.

10 posted on 07/22/2013 7:49:38 AM PDT by Fiji Hill
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To: Fiji Hill; Homer_J_Simpson

The “Free Germany Committee” will gain some important spokepersons in the near future, notably Gen. Seydlitz and Field Marshal Paulus, both captured at Stalingrad.

It is not the last time we will hear the names of Ulbricht and Pieck. They are just Stalin’s sock puppets now and will be when the war ends. The war will be over for 10 years and still hundreds of thousands of their fellow countrymen, captured as POWs, will languish in Soviet labor camps. These communist scum won’t lift a finger to aid them or secure their release. It will take the death of Joseph Stalin and a state visit to Moscow by West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in 1955 to finally accomplish this. The price will be recognition of East Germany, the split of the nation will seem permanent, but it was the price to pay to “bring the boys back home.”

No thanks to Walter Ulbricht or Wilhelm Pieck.

11 posted on 07/22/2013 11:40:39 AM PDT by henkster (The 0bama regime isn't a train wreck, it's a B 17 raid on the rail yard.)
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To: henkster
Although the US eventually extended diplomatic recognition to East Germany and exchanged ambassadors, we always regarded the Federal Republic as the sole legitimate successor German government.

IIRC, my US Army maps of Europe in the 1970's still reflected the pre-war boundaries of Germany.

12 posted on 07/29/2013 12:51:20 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

Including Pomerania, East Prussia and Silesia?

13 posted on 07/29/2013 12:59:52 PM PDT by henkster (The 0bama regime isn't a train wreck, it's a B 17 raid on the rail yard.)
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To: henkster
Including Pomerania, East Prussia and Silesia?

They said "Do Widzenia" to Germany.

14 posted on 07/29/2013 1:01:05 PM PDT by dfwgator
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To: henkster

Yes. The actual boundaries were on the maps, of course, but the outlines of the pre-WWII borders were still there, including the Baltics. I never saw that on our tactical maps, but it was on the official map of Europe, or at least that part of Europe (it was a while ago). It made quite an impression on me at the time, because unification of Germany or independence for the Baltics seemed like such a lost cause. I might still have that in a footlocker, I’ll take a look tonight . . .

15 posted on 07/29/2013 1:16:34 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

I guess technically, since for many years there was not an official treaty ending WW2 in respect to Germany, there was no internationally legal basis to recognize the Oder-Neisse border between Germany and Poland. It was a “provisional” border set at Potsdam, with an understanding that the official border would be ratified later. So, technically, the map was correct.

The Treaties of Paris in 1947 resolved territorial issues relating to all European Axis powers except Germany. Per Wikipedia, the final treaty was “Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany.” What a great name for a peace treaty. It was signed in Moscow, USSR, on 12 September 1990, and it paved the way for German reunification on 3 October 1990. It also formally established the Oder-Niesse border between Poland and Germany.

16 posted on 07/29/2013 1:26:39 PM PDT by henkster (The 0bama regime isn't a train wreck, it's a B 17 raid on the rail yard.)
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To: henkster

That must have been the rationale since the Sov’s would not agree to a WWII peace treaty with Germany that did anything other than make permanent East Germany’s status. Good thing Obama wasn’t around in those days to surrender that to Russia.

17 posted on 07/29/2013 2:56:23 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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