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Keyword: epigraphyandlanguage

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  • Ancient Tablets May Reveal What Destroyed Minoan Civilization

    09/16/2019 4:21:23 PM PDT · by Openurmind · 30 replies
    Haaretz ^ | Sep 10, 2019 | Philippe Bohstrom
    The Minoans and their capital Knossos weren’t incinerated by volcanic blast from Thera or flattened by quake as thought, but tellingly: their writing system changed. The mystery of what happened to the Minoan civilization has tormented archaeologists for over a century, and the tale has now taken a new twist. Nothing happened to them, say archaeologists who have been excavating the island of Crete for over thirty years. This extraordinary people, who produced palatial architecture unparalleled in the Aegean region at the time, were not immolated by the volcanic eruption of Thera as once thought, crushed by earthquake, or squashed...
  • Chinese ‘Scholars’: English Language Is a ‘Dialect’ of Mandarin

    09/11/2019 12:30:00 AM PDT · by Zhang Fei · 82 replies
    Breitbart ^ | 10 Sep 2019 | John Hayward
    A group of Chinese scholars has suggested that many contemporary Western languages, including English, were derived from Mandarin Chinese. According to their research, the French, German, and Russian languages were also strongly influenced by Chinese culture. According to a report at the Inquirer on Tuesday, the claim by Chinese scholars at the World Civilization Research Association was first presented at a summit in Beijing last July, but has not been widely discussed with international media until now. The claim came with a hearty dose of Chinese nationalism, as the group asserted everything Europeans believe about the influence of ancient Egypt,...
  • Gold Coins Of Rebel British Emperor Uncovered

    03/25/2008 2:21:21 PM PDT · by blam · 10 replies · 785+ views
    Gold coins of rebel British Emperor uncovered Two rare gold coins of the rebel Roman emperor Carausius have been discovered on a construction site in the Midlands. Gold coins of Carausius are extremely rare. Only 23 are known, and the last was found as long ago as 1975 in Hampshire. Carausius was a Menapian (an ancient Belgian) who commanded the British Fleet (Classis Britannica) operating in the English Channel and the North Sea in the AD 280s. Carausius fell out with reigning emperors Diocletian and Maximian. Hostile sources have it that he was lining his own pocket with plunder recovered...
  • Metal-detecting couple find one of Britain's biggest ever treasure hoards [tr]

    08/26/2019 6:23:24 AM PDT · by C19fan · 41 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | August 25, 2019 | James Gant
    A metal-detecting couple have found one of the biggest treasure hoards in British history which is believed to be worth around £5million. Adam Staples and partner Lisa Grace unearthed the 'once in a lifetime' find of almost 2,600 ancient coins that date back 1,000 years. Although the find is smaller than the famous Staffordshire Hoard - the biggest collection of buried coins and artefacts discovered in Britain - it is thought to be at least £1million more valuable.
  • History of Writing & Printing:

    08/24/2019 6:22:49 PM PDT · by bitt · 34 replies ^ | 8/24/2019 | Bill Federer
    Victor Hugo on Gutenberg's Press, "The Invention of Printing ... is the Mother of Revolution." HISTORY OF WRITING The invention of "writing" was around 3300 BC. Richard Overy, editor of The Times Complete History of the World, stated in "The 50 Key Dates of World History" (October 19, 2007): "No date appears before the start of human civilizations about 5,500 years ago and the beginning of a written or pictorial history." Astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson stated in the Cosmos TV series (2014,, episode 10, "The Immortals"): "It was the people who once lived here, around 5,000 years ago, who...
  • 3,700-year-old Babylonian tablet rewrites the history of maths - and shows the Greeks [tr]

    08/25/2017 3:41:48 AM PDT · by C19fan · 51 replies
    UK Telegraph ^ | August 24, 2017 | Sarah Knapton
    A 3,700-year-old clay tablet has proven that the Babylonians developed trigonometry 1,500 years before the Greeks and were using a sophisticated method of mathematics which could change how we calculate today. The tablet, known as Plimpton 332, was discovered in the early 1900s in Southern Iraq by the American archaeologist and diplomat Edgar Banks, who was the inspiration for Indiana Jones.
  • 3,700-year-old Babylonian tablet rewrites the history of maths - and shows the Greeks did not...

    08/24/2017 7:42:25 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 77 replies
    The tablet, known as Plimpton 332, was discovered in the early 1900s... Babylonian mathematics used a base 60, or sexagesimal system, rather than the 10 which is used today. Because 60 is far easier to divide by three, experts studying the tablet, found that the calculations are far more accurate. ... Hipparchus, who lived around 120BC, has long been regarded as the father of trigonometry, with his ‘table of chords’ on a circle considered the oldest trigonometric table. A trigonometric table allows a user to determine two unknown ratios of a right-angled triangle using just one known ratio. But the...
  • The Sound of Akkadian -- Listen to Ancient Babylonian online

    10/01/2010 7:06:36 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 43 replies
    Heritage Key ^ | Thursday, September 30, 2010 | Ann Wuyts
    Almost 2,000 years after its last native speakers disappeared... [t]he recordings include excerpts from some of the earliest known works of world literature, dating back to the first years of the second millennium BC... readings of Babylonian poems, myths and other texts in the original tongue... -- available online for free at -- are given by Dr. Worthington's fellow Assyriologists. Babylonian is one of two variants (or dialects) of Akkadian, the other being Assyrian. Akkadian became the 'lingua franca' of the Near East around, until its use began to decline around the 8th century BC. The last Akkadian cuneiform...
  • Mathematical mystery of ancient Babylonian clay tablet solved

    08/25/2017 9:41:11 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 83 replies ^ | 08-24-2017 | Provided by: University of New South Wales
    The 3,700-year-old Babylonian tablet Plimpton 322 at the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Columbia University in New York. Credit: UNSW/Andrew Kelly ================================================================================ UNSW Sydney scientists have discovered the purpose of a famous 3700-year old Babylonian clay tablet, revealing it is the world's oldest and most accurate trigonometric table, possibly used by ancient mathematical scribes to calculate how to construct palaces and temples and build canals. The new research shows the Babylonians beat the Greeks to the invention of trigonometry - the study of triangles - by more than 1000 years, and reveals an ancient mathematical sophistication that had been...
  • The next trick for CRISPR is gene-editing pain away

    08/22/2019 3:48:09 PM PDT · by LibWhacker · 16 replies
    MIT Technology Review ^ | 8/22/19 | Antonio Regalado
    A family of street performers could walk on coals. Here’s how the secret of why they felt no pain could benefit others. The street performer was only 10 years old. He put knives through his arms and walked on hot embers. By 14 he was dead. Someone dared him to jump from a roof. He did it, knowing it wouldn’t hurt. The case of the Pakistani boy with a rare genetic disorder was described in 2006. He could feel warmth and cold and the texture of objects. But he never felt pain. Now scientists have paired the discovery with the...
  • Invisible ink on antique Nile papyrus revealed by multiple methods

    08/21/2019 9:03:31 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | August 16, 2019 | Dr. Heinz-Eberhard Mahnke
    The first thing that catches an archaeologist's eye on the small piece of papyrus from Elephantine Island on the Nile is the apparently blank patch. Researchers from the Egyptian Museum, Berlin universities and Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin have now used the synchrotron radiation from BESSY II to unveil its secret. This pushes the door wide open for analysing the giant Berlin papyrus collection and many more... Scholars in ancient Egypt typically wrote with a black soot ink made from charred pieces of wood or bone and which consisted mainly of elemental carbon. "For certain purposes, however, the ancient Egyptians also used coloured...
  • Who are the Luwians?

    07/16/2019 8:10:29 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 38 replies
    Luwian Studies ^ | up to and including 2019 | unattributed
    A gap between linguistics and prehistoryThanks to the over 33,000 documents from Hattusha, the capital of the Hittite Kingdom, linguists have been able to gain a comprehensive insight into Luwian culture. Some fundamental publications include the book Arzawa, by Susanne Heinhold-Krahmer (1977); The Luwians, edited by H. Craig Melchert (2003); and Luwian Identities, edited by Alice Mouton and others (2013). Field-oriented excavating archaeologists, on the other hand, never mention Luwians in their explanatory models. The current knowledge regarding the Aegean Bronze Age has been summarized in a number of recently published voluminous works, without attention to any Luwian culture....
  • Ancient Turkic stamp, statues discovered in Mongolia

    08/20/2019 8:46:05 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Daily Sabah ^ | August 10, 2019 | unattributed
    Archaeologists have discovered a rare stamp and statues belonging to the ancient Turkic Ashina tribe in Mongolia, reports said Saturday. The discovery was made during excavations in Shiveet Ulan, led by the Turkic World Educational and Scientific Cooperation Organization (TWESCO). TWESCO President Darhan K?d?rali said significant archaeological findings have been made in the area since 2014. "Numerous unique stones with stamps belonging to the Ashina Khagan tribe, as well as lion statues were found in the excavations," K?d?rali told the Anadolu Agency. He noted that the statue is well-preserved and is a rare find. K?d?rali also noted that other findings...
  • The Mystery of Curry

    08/19/2019 9:40:16 AM PDT · by Artemis Webb · 53 replies
    Slate ^ | Andrew Lawler
    What is curry? Today, the word describes a bewildering number of spicy vegetable and meat stews from places as far-flung as the Indian subcontinent, the South Pacific, and the Caribbean Islands. There is little agreement about what actually constitutes a curry. And, until recently, how and when curry first appeared was a culinary mystery as well. The term likely derives from kari, the word for sauce in Tamil, a South-Indian language. Perplexed by that region’s wide variety of savory dishes, 17th-century British traders lumped them all under the term curry. A curry, as the Brits defined it, might be a...
  • The missing library of Iona

    03/01/2006 10:34:42 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies · 410+ views
    The Scotsman ^ | Thu 2 Mar 2006 | Diane MacLean
    St Columba landed there in 563 AD with 13 followers and established a monastery. This isolated island, off the south-western tip of Mull, was soon to become the intellectual powerhouse of the medieval world... Pre-Columba the island was sometimes referred to as Innis nam Druidneach, the Isle of Druids. Old stories record St Columba and his followers fighting off the local Druid elders when they landed to take possession of the island... some histories have King Fergus II joining forces with Alaric the Goth to fight the Roman Empire during its decline and fall. This version of history reports that...
  • The College Student Who Decoded the Data Hidden in Inca Knots

    08/11/2019 12:00:49 PM PDT · by wildbill · 41 replies
    pocket/com ^ | catherine Davis
    With the help of his professor, Gary Urton, a scholar of Pre-Columbian studies, Medrano interpreted a set of six khipus, knotted cords used for record keeping in the Inca Empire. By matching the khipus to a colonial-era Spanish census document, Medrano and Urton uncovered the meaning of the cords in greater detail than ever before. Their findings could contribute to a better understanding of daily life in the Andean civilization.
  • A Biblical Interpretation of World History

    04/13/2003 10:04:27 AM PDT · by restornu · 11 replies · 369+ views
    Chapter 3: EARLY CIVILIZATION, A SHORT HISTORY OF THE MIDDLE EAST FROM 3000 TO 1000 B.C. PART I The first civilizations after Babel were founded in the Tigris, Euphrates and Nile River valleys. Civilization also occurred at a very early date in the Indus and Yellow River valleys, but they are beyond the scope of this work. In this chapter we will concentrate on the two main civilizations of the "Fertile Crescent," Egypt and Mesopotamia, and conclude with a look at the smaller nations nearby, like the Phoenicians and Minoans. Map 4: The Middle East, about 2300 B.C. Shown here...
  • Freedom Speaks Hurrian: A Cuneiform Song of Liberation

    08/11/2019 2:05:24 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    Biblical Archaeology Review ^ | August 05, 2019 | Marek Dospel
    The tablets containing the Song of Liberation were excavated in 1983 under a Byzantine period church in the Hittite capital city of Hattusha. Writing for the July–October 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, Eva von Dassow of the University of Minnesota reports on an intriguing, fictitious account of subjugation and liberation from Late Bronze Age Levant. The epic poem was originally composed in the Hurrian language, around 1600 B.C.E., but the surviving text comes from a Hurrian-Hittite bilingual edition from around 1400 B.C.E. It is recorded in cuneiform writing on a series of clay tablets, which came to light only...
  • Recursive language and modern imagination were acquired simultaneously 70,000 years ago

    08/05/2019 7:53:05 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 48 replies ^ | Recursive language and modern imagination were acquired simultaneously 70,000 years ago
    While studying acquisition of imagination in children, Dr. Vyshedskiy and his colleagues discovered a temporal limit for the development of a particular component of imagination. It became apparent that modern children who have not been exposed to full language in early childhood never acquire the type of active constructive imagination essential for juxtaposition of mental objects, known as Prefrontal Synthesis (PFS). " Flexible object combination and nesting (otherwise known as recursion) are characteristic features of all human languages. For this reason, linguists refer to modern languages as recursive languages." Unlike vocabulary and grammar acquisition, which can be learned throughout one's...
  • Nestorian stone tablet traces early Christianity in China

    08/02/2019 4:16:55 AM PDT · by Cronos · 15 replies
    CGTN ^ | 19 May 2019 | Meng Qingsheng, Li Yang
    When did Christianity first appear in China? Well, you may come across a much reasonable answer by examining the over 4,000 stone tablets at Xi'an Beilin Museum, or Stele Forest, located in northwest China's Shaanxi Province.  A much-justified answer to that question is in 635 AD during the early Tang Dynasty (618–907), the time of which was inscribed on the world famous Nestorian Stele, a 279-centimeter tall limestone block.  Xi'an Beilin Museum, established in 1087, houses the highest number of stone tablets in China. /CGTN Photo Xi'an Beilin Museum, established in 1087, houses the highest number of stone tablets in...