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No, Your Medical Records Are Not Private
Daily Caller ^ | 10/19/15 | Kathryn Watson

Posted on 10/20/2015 3:15:21 AM PDT by markomalley

Many Americans think the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) protects their medical privacy, but federal bureaucrats issue thousands of subpoenas every year without prior judicial approval to get around the law.

“If you don’t have a reasonable expectation of privacy against government in your medical care, then where does it exist at all? If that’s not private, then what is?” Adam Bates, a criminal justice policy analyst at the libertarian Cato Institute, told The Daily Caller News Foundation.

Congress passed HIPAA in 1996 with a promise that it would clamp down on waste, fraud and abuse in the health care industry and safeguard patient privacy. But HIPAA allows federal bureaucrats to get patient records merely by issuing administrative subpoenas, or civil investigative demands.

These bureaucratic edicts bypass the Fourth Amendment’s requirement that a judge must give prior approval before government can take an individual’s property. Officials with the Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Office of Inspector General and the Department of Justice (DOJ) thus have access to any records they believe to be “relevant” in cases of alleged health care fraud.

“The subpoenas are so broad that they almost always will include patient records,” David Douglass, a partner at Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton law firm which represents health care providers also told TheDCNF.

The DOJ issued 2,102 administrative subpoenas in 2001 over suspected health care offenses, according to a 2002 DOJ report. That doesn’t include subpoenas issued by other agencies, like the HHS IG. Nobody knows how many administrative subpoenas are issued annually now because the 2002 report was the last time an official count was done.

But lawyers representing medical care providers constantly deal with administrative subpoenas.

“I do think it raises constitutional challenges,” said Robert Rhoad to TheDCNF. Rhoad is a former Navy JAG Corps lawyer who’s now a partner at Crowell & Moring law firm.

Federal officials in most cases can also share records, including patient records, with whistleblowers, called relators, and their lawyers, whether or not the government ultimately decides to pursue criminal charges or a civil lawsuit.

“Everybody’s got horror stories for what happens when the relators get into their stuff,” said Jonathan Diesenhaus, a former DOJ senior trial lawyer who now represents health care companies as a partner with the Hogan Lovells law firm, to TheDCNF. “It becomes an avenue for abuse.”

Congress passed HIPAA amid reports of increasing Medicare fraud, but the legislation also provided for first time ever specific authorization for judgeless administrative subpoenas to be used in criminal law enforcement pursuits.

“Mentioning privacy, the Justice Department can get medical records, patient bills,” Diesenhaus said. “Just like an administrative subpoena, these civil investigative demands fall into the federal program oversight exception to the HIPAA statue.”

“So, patient records protections that apply and require courts to say ‘yes, you can look at those records’ in other contexts, and that imposed significant penalties for even government people who released them, those rules don’t apply with the IG or if the Department of Justice asks for patient records,” Diesenhaus said.

Federal officials use patient records to determine whether a health care provider, drug company or patient gamed the system, “and there is no judicial oversight,” Diesenhaus said.

“But I would imagine people don’t understand in this world of heightened sensitivity to privacy issues — I don’t know that people understand that these government agencies when looking into billing fraud get raw medical records and raw billing records and look and see what the diagnosis is,” Diesenhaus said.

Spokesmen for DOJ and the HHS IG did not respond to TheDCNF requests for comment.

Health care lawyers said judgeless subpoenas in health care investigations became more prevalent after passage of the 2009 Fraud Enforcement And Recovery Act, which amends the False Claims Act — the main law allowing for fraud recovery. The 2009 law extended the authority to issue administrative subpoenas from the attorneygGeneral to 93 U.S. attorneys.

Four years later, in 2012, the DOJ announced its largest ever four-year recovery rate under the False Claims Act — $13.3 billion.

“With respect to civil investigative demands and administrative subpoenas, there has been a sharp uptick in the issuance of those in the last few years,” Rhoad said.

Administrative subpoenas have all but replaced the grand jury, Douglass said.

“When this administrative subpoena power was granted, it became more common for the government to issue administrative subpoenas than grand jury subpoenas,” Douglass said. “So the administrative subpoena is a much lower (legal) bar to issue and the government has much broader authority to use it.”

A federal judge recently ruled that the Drug Enforcement Administration can access patient records after a medical office in Dallas challenged DEA’s demands.

Most businesses don’t challenge subpoenas in court. The success rate isn’t great for the few that do. “Part of it is you want to show you’re cooperative and don’t have anything to hide,” Rhoad said.

Administrative subpoenas are tough to fight, as Congress has issued agencies broad authority through the years. Courts historically are deferential to the government, the 2002 DOJ report said.

“I absolutely think companies capitulate rather than fight,” said Douglass.

Companies also have to take into account an agency’s authority to retaliate in the future.

“The thing is that the government, and HHS in particular, they hold a lot of administrative remedies in their pocket that they can exercise relatively freely,” Rhoad said. “And if you’re a health care provider, the death penalty for you is to be excluded from federal health care programs.”

TOPICS: Business/Economy; Government
KEYWORDS: dea; hhs; hipaa; medicalrecords; privacy; wod

1 posted on 10/20/2015 3:15:21 AM PDT by markomalley
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To: markomalley

Constitution bump

2 posted on 10/20/2015 3:17:26 AM PDT by exnavy (good gun control: two hands, one shot, one kill.)
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To: markomalley
The government has "encouraged" all private medical practices to put all patient records into government approved Electronic Medical Record systems. This will make it much easier for them to access patient records without the consent or knowledge of the patient or doctor.
3 posted on 10/20/2015 3:31:37 AM PDT by Yo-Yo (Is the /Sarc tag necessary?)
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To: markomalley
If you really want to protect the confidentiality of your medical records, then don't have medical records.

Once you have records of any kind in someone else's hands (bank records, income tax statements, etc.), then there's no way to guarantee that those records will remain confidential.

4 posted on 10/20/2015 3:47:36 AM PDT by Alberta's Child ("It doesn't work for me. I gotta have more cowbell!")
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To: Alberta's Child

That’s me. I even use a false wen if they insist on one. But since I’ve only been to the Dr. Once in the last 8 years, I 93rd s kind of irrelevant

5 posted on 10/20/2015 4:19:23 AM PDT by cuban leaf (The US will not survive the obama presidency. The world may not either.)
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To: markomalley

insurance billings and payments from providers were never protected.

I saw software that my neighbor used working from her apartment that was able to construct your medical records based on these billings and payments. Of course it didn’t have your doctor’s notes, but it could clearly detect your most probable medical conditions.

It was deemed about 97% accurate.

6 posted on 10/20/2015 4:50:45 AM PDT by dila813
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To: dila813

The code on insurance claim doctor submits tells diagnosis.

7 posted on 10/20/2015 5:13:20 AM PDT by FES0844
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To: markomalley

A different issue, but when anyone within a healthcare group, say Presbyterian, can call up your records with a few keystrokes, healthcare privacy is an illusion. If the information wasn’t so easy to get, the Justice Department might have to play by the rules to get it.

8 posted on 10/20/2015 6:02:06 AM PDT by pallis
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To: markomalley

I had a doctor pull up my test results at one hospital while I was seeing him at another hospital. He said at the time, “There is no private health information anymore.”

9 posted on 10/20/2015 6:06:59 AM PDT by Reddy (B.O. stinks)
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To: markomalley

Unless you have a serious medical condition requiring expensive treatment or hospitalization, go to an independent doctor and pay cash. In all likelihood, they use paper charts and your records will not get onto the internet or cloud.

A few hundred dollars a year is worth it.

10 posted on 10/20/2015 7:18:13 AM PDT by grumpygresh (We don't have Democrats and Republicans, we have the Faustian uni-party)
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To: markomalley
A federal judge recently ruled that the Drug Enforcement Administration can access patient records after a medical office in Dallas challenged DEA’s demands.

If you won't gladly surrender your privacy so the feds can police Americans' bloodstreams, you're a dope-smokinh hippe Commie. /s

11 posted on 10/20/2015 9:45:26 AM PDT by ConservingFreedom (a "guest worker" is a stateless person with no ties to any community, only to his paymaster)
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To: markomalley

And people are SURPRISED by this ‘revelation’ (I love reading stories like this...the best ‘goof reel’ to a get a chuckle or two)??

We have an ‘income tax’ that tramples upon any number of other Amendments, w/out being passed that specifies those Amendments are not null/void vs. the 16th, and people are upset their 4th A. Rights are being violated? By the SAME people vis-a-vie the 16th??

Sounds like people need to get hit upside the hit more often and harder still.

12 posted on 10/20/2015 10:14:32 AM PDT by i_robot73 ("A man chooses. A slave obeys." - Andrew Ryan)
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To: markomalley


13 posted on 10/20/2015 10:42:43 PM PDT by AllAmericanGirl44
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