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British court: unborn are “organisms”...(no compensation for baby born w/ fetal alcohol syndrome)
MercatorNet ^ | 8 December 2014 | Philippa Taylor

Posted on 12/08/2014 9:45:42 AM PST by Mrs. Don-o

Unborn baby a 10 weeks

Seven years ago, a baby girl (who cannot be named for legal reasons) was born to a 19 year old mother who had drunk heavily throughout her pregnancy, despite warnings from healthcare workers that her drinking could damage her baby.

This girl and, indirectly, her mother, are now making headlines. The girl was badly harmed by her mothers drinking. She now has Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), which has lead to retarded growth, facial abnormalities, intellectual impairment and other major complications. For the last five years her Local Authority has tried to secure Criminal Injuries Compensation, through the courts, to help with her care costs and boost her quality of life.

All the Courts who have heard the case agreed that the girl’s FASD is a direct result of alcohol abuse in pregnancy.

However today the Court of Appeal ruled that she could not be awarded compensation for the damage done to her during pregnancy because she was not a legal ‘person’ while in the womb, but rather she was an ‘organism’. So a crime could not have been committed against her, as a fetus is not a ‘person’.

Here is a little background to some of the machinations and manoeuvrings behind the scenes with this case.

Although the case ruling has turned on whether an unborn child can be considered a ‘person’ for the purposes of the law, the media coverage has been very different.

The media coverage has not centred on the young girl herself, nor on the dangers of drinking in pregnancy, nor on the impact of FASD. Instead, it has been all about the dangers of criminalising pregnant women who drink. It would have been difficult to miss headlines a few weeks ago such as:

‘Mums to be who drink could be branded criminals’

The media has been taken over (taken in?) by leading abortion provider, British Pregnancy Advisory Service,BPAS, and sister organisation, Birthrights, who intervened in the case to prevent the girl getting any compensation for her disabilities. Why?

They claimed that granting her compensation would impact women’s autonomy to choose to drink in pregnancy. It would restrict their ‘reproductive rights’. And it could ‘criminalise’ women who drink in pregnancy.

These may sound like logical arguments, but the claim that this ruling could have resulted in a whole new tranche of criminalised behaviour was never true and BPAS knew that! It was naked scaremongering. This has been a civil, not a criminal case. It would not directly affect criminal interpretation of Section 23 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861. And it would certainly not be in the public interest for the Crown Prosecution Service to charge alcoholic mothers, as helpfully explained here.

So the real reason why BPAS and Birthrights opposed the case is because the Court might have ruled that an unborn child could be considered a ‘person’ for the purposes of the Offences Against the Person Act, which would not have directly affected the criminal law, but would have set a legal precedent for treating preborn babies as people. They correctly realised that had the Judgment found that unborn children have legal personality for the purposes of s23, the effect could be far-reaching.

Thus ‘criminalising pregnant women’ was an effective smokescreen to hide behind, to be able to oppose the case. It would hardly have looked good to be seen to be collaborating to prevent a severely disabled seven year old receiving compensation.

The judgement today has indeed turned on whether an unborn child can be considered ‘another person’ for the purposes of s23. It agreed that the child has FASD as a direct result of her mother’s excessive alcohol consumption, but the child was not a person when the poisoning took place. Hence, no crime was committed and no compensation is due. That is profoundly ironic given that section 58of the very same Offences against the Person Act (emphasis mine) still provides a sentence of life imprisonment – the same penalty as for murder – for abortion. The Abortion Act 1967 did not actually decriminalise abortion. It just made it ‘lawful’ in a limited number of strict circumstances.

That is a bit of background to the manoeuvring behind the scenes with this case. But what are some of the broader implications we can draw from the case itself, and the ruling today?

The legal position of the unborn child in UK law has become even more convoluted and incoherent: killing an unborn child is illegal (except under limited circumstances) but maiming or otherwise harming is allowed.

Legally, a baby minutes before birth, even at 40 weeks, is just a mere ‘organism’. Yet a baby of 24 weeks gestation in a neonatal unit is a ‘person’ with full legal rights. A baby minutes before birth (indeed, months before birth) is clearly a baby. Modern technology and 4D imaging completely exposes these legal and moral contradictions.

A severely disabled child has been denied compensation to help with her care costs simply because the injury happened in a specific location.

A group of campaigners has been so desperate to stop any possible infringing of adult liberties, and defend abortion at all costs, that they have campaigned to prevent compensation being granted to a disabled child.

The media coverage has missed the opportunity to highlight the dangers of drinking even a small amount of alcohol in pregnancy. When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, the levels of alcohol in her baby’s blood rise as high as her own. Because the baby’s liver is immature, it can’t break down the alcohol as fast as an adult liver can. This means the baby is exposed to greater amounts of alcohol for longer than the mother, giving rise to the risk of FASD where the mother drinks to ‘excess’(usually undefined). Moreover, the increasing strength of alcoholic drinks, coupled with the widespread use of larger wine glasses, means that many who think their drinking habits are safe may actually be binge drinking.Even a father’s drinking may have an effect. Depending on the size and volume, two glasses of wine could actually be six units.

The media (and BPAS) have failed to acknowledge and highlight the terrible impact of FASD. FASD is characterised by stunted growth in the womb, abnormal facial features, and permanent damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems. Brain damage is the most prevalent consequence, resulting in impaired intellectual function alongside a range of other neurological, psychological and behavioural disorders. As Europe’s number one binge drinking nation, incidence here is likely to be near 5%, though few studies have been done on prevalence.

But one positive outcome – for myself at least – from this case has been the opportunity to hear about, and learn from, the inspirational work of the FASD network. Not only does this network support and care for hundreds of people suffering from FASD, they also care for the carers, raise awareness, produce resources, do research, and fill some of the many gaps left by the lack of government funding and support.

Yet again, it’s voluntary sector organsations that have to step into the gap to help those who receive no other support or indeed, compensation. These organisations rarely make stories for the headlines. Unfortuntely, ‘criminalising pregnant women’ gets the coverage instead, which is why it’s always useful to know a bit of what is behind the headlines.

Philippa Taylor is Head of Public Policy at the Christian Medical Fellowship.This article is taken with permission from her blog. - See more at:

TOPICS: Culture/Society; News/Current Events; Philosophy; United Kingdom
KEYWORDS: alcohol; fasd; personhood
Mom binge-drinks throughout pregnancy; little girl born with lifelong injury; so this little girl, seven years later, still has no rights to "Criminal Injuries Compensation" because the injury occurred before she was born, supposedly because she was not a "person."

Incidentally it would have been illegal in the UK for her mother to kill her at 20 weeks. But her mother continued to knowingly injure her (she was told not to do this by health care workers) between weeks 20-40.

The girl's injuries don't count legally because they were inflicted before birth.


1 posted on 12/08/2014 9:45:42 AM PST by Mrs. Don-o
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To: Mrs. Don-o

Tissue mass alert! Or is that just an unwanted growth?

2 posted on 12/08/2014 9:50:46 AM PST by rktman (Served in the Navy to protect the rights of those that want to take some of mine away. Odd, eh?)
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To: Mrs. Don-o

Okay, let’s break this down logically. An unborn inside a person is an organism. A human being is an organism. Therefore, an unborn inside a person is a human being. Simple enough?

3 posted on 12/08/2014 10:08:54 AM PST by lakecumberlandvet (Appeasement never works.)
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To: lakecumberlandvet
"An unborn inside a person is an organism. A human being is an organism. Therefore, an unborn inside a person is a human being."

Sorry. Certainly I agree that this child is, and always was, a person, but your attempted logical syllogism is faulty. You can see this if you substitute the word "parasite" for "unborn":

What you've got to show is that this 7-year-old girl, call her "Susie," who is a person, is the same person as the fetus inside of her mom 7 years and 5 months ago.

Clearly, if Fetus Susie's arm was ripped off, Susie would have been born without an arm, because --- well, whose arm was it? It wasn't her mother's arm, it was Susie's arm. There is a continuity between Fetus Susie and Newborn Susie and Seven-year-old Susie.

You've got to show why the law is wrong if it say, "Fetus Susie has the same 'personhood' status as parasite."

4 posted on 12/08/2014 10:28:49 AM PST by Mrs. Don-o (Abortion calls into question, not the baby's humanity, but our own.)
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To: Mrs. Don-o
However today the Court of Appeal ruled that she could not be awarded compensation for the damage done to her during pregnancy because she was not a legal ‘person’ while in the womb, but rather she was an ‘organism’. So a crime could not have been committed against her, as a fetus is not a ‘person.

I don't even see the point of taking the case against the girl. What are the chances that the girl will ever be able to pay the judgement; slim to none.

On a more serious note the foolish judges may have done dealt a much more serious blow to human rights than they know.

Now that it is carved in judicial stone that a fetus is not a person it can be treated as a cancer or other disease.

A severely damaged fetus such as this girl was could be considered an unviable fetus and there by a potential unwarranted burden on the state. Such a burden on the state may be determined to be a catastrophic disease requiring immediate and aggressive treatment.

There is already court rulings that minor children can be treated for serious disease against the consent of the parents. It is but a small step for the state to decide that an abortions could be ordered by the state once the personhood of the fetus is no longer an obstacle.

5 posted on 12/08/2014 11:11:09 AM PST by Pontiac (The welfare state must fail because it is contrary to human nature and diminishes the human spirit.)
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To: Pontiac
Your comment seems to be based on the assumption that a criminal case had to be brought against the mother, and/or that the mother would have to pay the damages. The article did not make clear "who" would be paying, so I looked up the law.

In the UK, the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority pays the benefit to the victim of crime. A criminal conviction does not need to be secured to award Criminal Injuries Compensation.

So it';s not a question of dragging the mother to court, just a matter of the CICA admitting that the little girl was injured by someone else's act. Under UK law, she absolutely qualifies for it right now, except that the Abortion Lobby (BPAS) is blocking this precisely on the ground that the little girl, when injured, was not a "person."

I think this puts a different light on things.

And I think you're quite right that this paves the way for forced abortions. No part of the British "system" wants to be burdened with the healthcare needs of a little girl they knew was going to be born with disabilities.

6 posted on 12/08/2014 11:54:59 AM PST by Mrs. Don-o (Abortion calls into question, not the baby's humanity, but our own.)
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To: All
By the way, here's something useful for how to tell the difference between a human prenatal child and a parasite:

7 posted on 12/09/2014 9:47:31 AM PST by Mrs. Don-o (He comes to judge the living and the dead, and the world by fire.)
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