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Keyword: ussr

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  • Iconic MiG-21 Soviet fighter reaches twilight years in Europe

    01/18/2018 7:59:22 PM PST · by sukhoi-30mki · 13 replies
    STARS AND STRIPES ^ | January 18, 2018 | SLOBODAN LEKIC
    KAISERSLAUTERN, Germany — During the Cold War, the MiG-21 fighter and the Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle epitomized the might of the Soviet Bloc as it confronted the West in Europe. Although the MiG-21 — dubbed Fishbed by NATO — never saw combat in a NATO-Warsaw Pact war, the most iconic Soviet fighter of the jet age frequently tangled with American and other Western warplanes in hot wars in Vietnam, the Middle East and Africa. But nearly 60 years after it first entered front-line service with the Soviet air force — and 33 years since production ceased — the single-engine interceptor...
  • 'They raped every German female from eight to 80'

    01/18/2018 1:30:31 PM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 136 replies
    The Guardian ^ | Antony Beevor
    The Soviet armies advancing into East Prussia in January 1945, in huge, long columns, were an extraordinary mixture of modern and medieval: tank troops in padded black helmets, Cossack cavalrymen on shaggy mounts with loot strapped to the saddle, lend-lease Studebakers and Dodges towing light field guns, and then a second echelon in horse-drawn carts. The variety of character among the soldiers was almost as great as that of their military equipment. There were freebooters who drank and raped quite shamelessly, and there were idealistic, austere communists and members of the intelligentsia appalled by such behaviour. Beria and Stalin, back...
  • Besieged Memory? Heroism and Suffering in St Petersburg Museums dedicated to the Siege of Leningrad

    01/18/2018 1:20:25 PM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 17 replies
    University of Leicester ^ | Yvonne Porzgen
    "Heroes are not to be criticized..." The official Soviet narrative of the Second World War used the concept of heroism to imbue war commemoration with an obligation towards the State. Such a concept was designed to make subsequent generations feel inferior to their predecessors and obliged to give of their best. Today, the victory serves as the strongest connection between Soviet and modern Russian patriotism. The paper argues that the memory of the Siege of Leningrad (1941-1944) as treated in museums in St Petersburg today is an appropriation by present-day Russian propaganda of the Soviet narrative. Soviet memorial sites are...
  • Can Russia perform under Soviet flag during 2018 Winter Olympics?

    01/16/2018 9:27:58 AM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 19 replies
    Pravda ^ | Jan 16, 2018
    The Executive Committee of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) suspended Russia from the Winter Olympics in the South Korean city of Pyeongchang. On December 17, the IOC prohibited the use of Russian national symbols at the Games. On January 16, 2018, it was reported that a special commission of the International Olympic Committee was going to consider a possibility to let Russian athletes use the flag of the Soviet Union during the Games in Pyeongchang. "These are proposals from certain officials, members of public chambers," Leonid Tyagachev, honorary president of the Russian Olympic Committee, told Pravda.Ru. "We have the final...
  • Despite doping scandals, Olympic fever grips Russian cinemas

    01/16/2018 9:13:51 AM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 5 replies
    ABC News ^ | Jan 16, 2018 | James Ellingsworth
    Russia's going crazy for the Olympics. The 1972 Olympics. Even as the Russian team faces up to being barred from next month's Winter Games for doping offenses, audiences are flocking to see a movie about Soviet glory on the Olympic basketball court 46 years ago. "Going Vertical" tells the story of the Soviet Union team which won gold in 1972, becoming the first basketball team in history ever to beat the United States at the Olympics. It's a tale of Cold War rivalry, inspiring speeches and something very familiar to Russian sports fans after recent scandals — a gold medal...
  • "Can a Christian be a Communist?" - Sermon by Martin Luther King Jr.

    01/12/2018 3:39:25 PM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 63 replies
    Martin Luther King Papers Project ^ | September 30, 1962 | Martin Luther King Jr.
    Now, let us begin by answering the question which our sermon topic raises: Can a Christian be a communist? I answer that question with an emphatic “no.” These two philosophies are diametrically opposed. The basic philosophy of Christianity is unalterably opposed to the basic philosophy of communism, and all of the dialectics of the logician cannot make them lie down together. They are contrary philosophies. Now, there are at least three reasons why I feel obligated as a Christian minister to talk to you about communism. The first reason grows out of the fact that communism is having widespread influence...
  • The Long Hangover: Putin's New Russia and the Ghosts of the Past

    01/10/2018 5:37:20 PM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 4 replies
    Barnes & Noble ^ | 2018 | Shaun Walker
    In The Long Hangover, Shaun Walker provides a deeply reported, bottom-up explanation of Russia's resurgence under Putin. By cleverly exploiting the memory of the Soviet victory over fascism in World War II, Putin's regime has made ordinary Russians feel that their country is great again. Shaun Walker provides new insight into contemporary Russia and its search for a new identity, telling the story through the country's troubled relationship with its Soviet past. Walker not only explains Vladimir Putin's goals and the government's official manipulations of history, but also focuses on ordinary Russians and their motivations. He charts how Putin raised...
  • Russian Nostalgia for Soviet Times Not Nostalgia for Soviet Realities, Psychologist Says

    01/02/2018 8:07:24 AM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 15 replies
    Nadezhda Vlasova says that those who are nostalgic for the Soviet Union include both those whose youth was passed while it existed and who remember it through the gauzy lens of memory and young people who did not live then but who believe because of what some of their elders say that life was better (momenty.org/city/i180459/). She points out that this is much like the reaction of those who like “romantic films about the Middle Ages with beautiful dresses and architecture” but who in no case “would like to live in a city without plumbing.” Russians today look at the...
  • Ronald Reagan, Speech at Moscow State University

    12/31/2017 10:38:56 PM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 27 replies
    Digital History ^ | 1988 | Ronald Reagan
    During a visit to the Soviet Union in 1988, President Ronald Reagan, a lifelong anti-communist, met with students at Moscow State University and delivered a stirring plea for democracy and individual rights...As he addressed the students, the president stood underneath a bust of Lenin, the leader of the Russian Revolution, and in front of a mural filled with revolutionary flags of revolution. Document: Before I left Washington, I received many heartfelt letters and telegrams asking me to carry here a simple message - perhaps, but also some of the most important business of this summit - it is a message...
  • A Church, or a Museum? [Soviet Era Political Repression]

    12/30/2017 6:19:46 PM PST · by marshmallow · 9 replies
    Pravoslavie ^ | 12/30/17 | Vasiliy Shchipkov
    How should comtemporary Russians remember Soviet-era political repressions?OrthoChristian.com continues its endeavor to publish material on the theme of the 1917 revolution towards the end this centennial year. In this article, Vasiliy Shchipkov, who holds a Ph.D. in Philosophy from Moscow State Institute of International Relations, discusses the Christian approach to remembering the terrible time of Soviet repressions vs. a mentality of retribution.Great Consecration of the Church of the Resurrection of Christ and the New Martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Church in Sretensky Monastery. Photo: G.Balayants / Pravoslavie.ru My family knows about repressions, about political and religious persecutions, not from...
  • On this date in 1943

    12/28/2017 3:30:57 PM PST · by Bull Snipe · 66 replies
    Stalin's NKVD started to round up the Kalmkys. Their crime, some had served the Germans. Of the 95,000 ethnic Kalmyks, about half died enroute or during their first winter in Siberia. Stalin's order was absolute. Ethnic Kalmky's were pulled out of the front line infantry and tank units and deported. Included were 21 Kalmyk soldiers that had been awarded "Hero of the Soviet Union." for their service in combat to the Soviet Union.
  • The haunting faces of prisoners worked to death in Stalin's slave camps

    12/27/2017 7:50:51 AM PST · by x1stcav · 87 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 12/24/17 | Kelly Mclaughlin
    Trudging through mud in sub-zero temperatures, digging the earth with their bare hands and heaving huge rocks with the most primitive of tools, these horrifying photos have revealed life inside Joseph Stalin's gulag prisons, where people were worked to death in Soviet labour camps through the mid-1900s. This year marks 100 years since the 1917 Russian Revolution, which led to Vladimir Lenin taking control of the Soviet Union. When Lenin died in 1924, Stalin rose to power and became the state's authoritarian leader. Between 1929 and the year of Stalin's death in 1953, 18million men and women were transported to...
  • Why Russia's Leaders Still Honor the Soviet Secret Police

    12/26/2017 2:47:10 PM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 17 replies
    The Moscow Times ^ | December 2017 | Mark Galeotti
    Vladimir Putin’s Kremlin may have been reticent to celebrate the centenary of the Bolshevik Revolution, but it had no qualms about celebrating a hundred years since the founding of the Cheka, Lenin’s political police, on Dec. 20. Alexander Bortnikov, head of the Federal Security Service (FSB) and a veteran of the old Soviet KGB, was predictable in his message. His agency was, he claimed, “free from political influence.” It “does not serve any party or group interest” and even its bloody-handed past was nowhere near as reprehensible as assumed. Yes, he conceded, it was the engine of Stalin’s Great Terror,...
  • Majority of Russians Regret Soviet Collapse, Poll Says

    12/26/2017 2:40:32 PM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 96 replies
    The Moscow Times ^ | December 25, 2017
    The number of Russians who regret the collapse of the Soviet Union is the highest in nearly a decade, according to an independent Levada Center poll published Monday. In polls taken since 1992, an average two-thirds of respondents said they lamented the collapse of the USSR, peaking at 75 percent in 2000 and dipping to 49 percent in 2012.
  • A Past That Divides: Russia’s New Official History

    12/16/2017 1:36:30 PM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 1 replies
    Carnegie Moscow Center ^ | Oct 2017 | Andrei Kolesnikov
    Sometimes a state’s official view of the past can serve as the basis for an unwritten social contract between a government and its citizens. This is what is happening in Russia today. President Vladimir Putin has introduced the idea of what he terms a “thousand-year history” that Russians must take pride in, a history that incorporates many victorious pages from the country’s past, including Russia’s takeover of Crimea in 2014. This glorious history is offered to citizens in exchange for their political loyalty, and it is presented as being more important than economic progress. Putin’s personal role has been critical...
  • Salyut 7 - The forgotten rescue of a dead space station

    In 1985 one of the most audacious space rescue missions was launched by the Soviets to recover a space station that had been dead for months due to an unknown fault. A feat that was unparalleled in space exploration and rewrote the books on what was thought possible: and yet, its story has fallen into obscurity and conspiracy theories. This is the story Salyut 7 and how the Soviet crew of two, Vladimir Dzhanibekov and Victor Savinikh against the odds rescued it in a daring mission that was the first of its kind in space exploration. **Apologies to all the...
  • Russia's Decline as a Brave Re-Stalinized World

    12/02/2017 11:31:43 AM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 26 replies
    The Jamestown Foundation ^ | 2016 | Irina Pavlova
    "Political experts have consistently rejected the idea that Putin has reproduced the mechanism of Stalin’s power. They ridicule out of hand the very thought of it, arguing that Putin is not Stalin on the basis that there are no repressions today comparable with those in Stalin’s time and that there cannot be..." "Why? I argue that this is primarily due to a superficial understanding of Stalinism and Stalin’s mechanism of power. The core of Stalinism was not mass repressions but a clandestine model of power, in which the worst traditions of Russian authoritarianism going back to the time of Ivan...
  • KGB ‘Christians’: Putin, Stalin, and the KGB’s History of Manipulating the Orthodox Church

    12/01/2017 3:38:28 PM PST · by GoldenState_Rose · 36 replies
    Breitbart ^ | Jan 2016 | Spyridon MItsotakis
    "Anyone who grew up with the Eastern Orthodox Church (in my case, the Greek Orthodox Church in New York) will get a good laugh at Vladimir Putin pretending to be a Christian during his first Easter as Russian ruler..." "The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) has been, since its reconstitution during WWII, an instrument of the state. The best illustration of this is probably the 1949 “Greetings from the clergy and laity of the Russian Orthodox Church to the leader of the nations of the USSR, the Generalissimus Joseph Stalin on his 70th birthday.” It states, in part: "Witnessing at every...
  • JFK Files: US Contemplated Fake Soviet Attack To Provoke War

    11/23/2017 4:24:53 AM PST · by markomalley · 47 replies
    Daily Caller ^ | 11/19/17 | Alex Pfeiffer
    The U.S. government considered manufacturing or obtaining Soviet aircraft in order to launch an attack on American or friendly bases that could then provide an excuse for war, according to newly released documents.The documents are part of an October release of thousands of formerly classified files related to the assassination of John F. Kennedy. It describes a March 22, 1962 meeting that discussed “the question raised by the attorney general on the possibility of U.S. manufacture or acquisition of Soviet aircraft.”The meeting was held by the “Special Group (Augmented),” which according to an encyclopedia on the Central Intelligence Agency, included Attorney...
  • Remains of the Soviet's race to space:USSR shuttles which were once NASA's competition sit abandoned

    11/22/2017 8:36:46 PM PST · by Elderberry · 14 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 11/22/2017 | Gareth Davies
    Test shuttles found inside derelict Soviet warehouse near Cosmodrome Baikonur, 125 miles east of Aral Sea The space craft were both developed as part of Moscow's Buran programme which was shut down in 1993 Same building home to vast Energia rocket, designed to propel the unmanned space plane Buran into orbit Russian model had striking external similarities to the US Space Shuttle Columbia sparking espionage claims These eerie photographs show how USSR-era space craft have been left to rust in an abandoned desert hangar in Kazakhstan. Two test shuttles were found inside a derelict Soviet warehouse near the Cosmodrome Baikonur,...