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Keyword: chelyabinsk

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  • Scientists Have Underestimated The Likelihood Of City-Killing Asteroids Hitting Earth

    04/28/2014 2:50:08 PM PDT · by blam · 48 replies
    BI - Reuters ^ | 4-28-2014 | Irene Klotz, Reuters
    Scientists Have Underestimated The Likelihood Of City-Killing Asteroids Hitting Earth Reuters Irene Klotz, Reuters Apr. 28, 2014, 2:59 PM The chance of a city-killing asteroid striking Earth is higher than scientists previously believed, a non-profit group building an asteroid-hunting telescope said on Tuesday. A global network that listens for nuclear weapons detonations detected 26 asteroids that exploded in Earth's atmosphere from 2000 to 2013, data collected by the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization shows. The explosions include the Feb. 15, 2013, impact over Chelyabinsk, Russia, which left more than 1,000 people injured by flying glass and debris. "There is...
  • How We're Finding Asteroids Before They Find Us

    04/16/2014 3:20:57 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Popular Science ^ | April 11, 2014 | James Vlahos
    Chelyabinsk, a large city in western Russia, was best known for producing tractors and professional hockey players until the morning of February 15, 2013, when a 19-meter-wide meteor screamed through the sky and exploded with the force of 500 kilotons of TNT. The meteor generated a fireball many times brighter than the sun, so powerful it even caused sunburns. The shock wave blew out windows and knocked residents off of their feet, injuring more than 1,200. The object was the largest to strike Earth in more than a century... Asteroids that come within 28 million miles of our planet are...
  • Anomalous Zones Of Russia: Arkaim Town

    04/12/2007 3:48:37 PM PDT · by blam · 32 replies · 817+ views
    Russia - IC ^ | 4-12-2007
    Anomalous zones of Russia: Arkaim town Four thousand years ago the local dwellers suddenly left the town Arkaim located in the south of the present Chelyabinsk Region and burnt the empty settlement. The town had a circular structure coordinated with the stars order. Many believe in mystical characteristics of the area and link it with the legends of ancient Siberia and the Urals. Specialists of the monitoring station of anomalies` research in the Urals claim that the specialized national park-museum Arkaim is a vast anomalous zone. Arkaim was found by an archaeological expedition of the State University of Chelyabinsk in...
  • Chance of asteroids hitting earth very slim - Russian astronomers

    05/08/2006 10:46:41 AM PDT · by x5452 · 52 replies · 1,026+ views
    INterfax ^ | May 8 2006 12:01PM
    May 8 2006 12:01PM Chance of asteroids hitting earth very slim - Russian astronomers ST.PETERSBURG/MOSCOW. May 8 (Interfax) - The chance of a large asteroid hitting our planet in the next 100 years is "extremely slim," astronomer Sergei Smirnov of the Pulkovo Main Observatory told journalists. Smirnov dismissed as unfounded reports that a giant asteroid could strike the Earth in the summer of 2008 and said this is clear from experts' calculations. U.S. astronomers have lately been closely monitoring a large newly discovered asteroid, which they said has a very little chance of colliding with the earth. The odds of...
  • Very Large Meteorite Fell Down in Siberia

    06/13/2004 3:24:49 PM PDT · by ckilmer · 88 replies · 2,939+ views
    Pravda ^ | 15:33 2003-03-18
    Pravda.RU:Top Stories:More in detail 15:33 2003-03-18Very Large Meteorite Fell Down in Siberia The falling of the meteorite is still mysterious. Scientists say that it might weigh 60 tons The night was rather dull in the north-east of the Russian Irkutsk region on September 25, 2002. All of a sudden, night turned into day. A very bright glow covered the sky, it was hard to look at it. Those people, who happened to be outside at 2 a.m., saw a ball of fire that was flying very fast across the sky. Weird rusting sounds could be heard. A few seconds...
  • Russian meteorite an 'event of the century'

    10/14/2002 8:38:43 PM PDT · by Sawdring · 36 replies · 219+ views
    Dawn ^ | October 13, 2002 | Paul Michaud
    PARIS, Oct 13: A Russian meteorite that crashed two weeks ago in Siberia, but whose existence is being played down by Russian authorities, is said to be "one of the great events of the century" by French space specialist Antonella Barucci. Miss Barucci, a meteorite specialist employed by the Paris Observatory said that the Russian metorite, which fell October 3 in a remote region of Siberia "could be the largest and most important meteorite to fall on earth since the last one that fell in 1908, also on Siberia." The new Siberian meteorite has also the added attraction, moreover, that...
  • Cash Plea For Russian Meteor Chasers (Impact Crater)

    10/08/2002 6:13:44 AM PDT · by blam · 14 replies · 274+ views
    BBC ^ | 10-8-2002 | Dr David Whitehouse
    Tuesday, 8 October, 2002, 11:05 GMT 12:05 UK Cash plea for Russian meteor chasers The impact happened in Siberia on Thursday By Dr David Whitehouse BBC News Online science editor Scientists investigating what is believed to be a "significant" fresh meteor crater in a remote part of Siberia are begging for funds to mount an expedition. A British meteorite expert has called on the international scientific community to help Russian scientists get to the impact site, which may be of major scientific importance. It is imperative that US and UK funding bodies to support our Russian colleagues in their investigation...
  • Russian Meteorite Bits Will Be Used In Some 2014 Olympic Medals

    07/25/2013 10:06:07 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 13 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | July 25, 2013 | Elizabeth Howell on
    Athletes who top the podium on Feb. 15, 2014 will receive special medals with pieces of the Chelyabinsk meteor that broke up over the remote Russian community on that day in 2013, according to media reports.
  • Russian meteor created new 'dust layer' in stratosphere, researchers say

    08/19/2013 7:41:53 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 6 replies
    foxnews.com ^ | Published August 19, 2013 | By Elizabeth Howell/
    Some of the asteroid's remnants crashed to the ground, but hundreds of tons of dust remained in the atmosphere. A team led by NASA Goddard atmospheric physicist Nick Gorkavyi, who is from Chelyabinsk, wondered if it was possible to track the cloud using NASA's Suomi NPP satellite. "Indeed, we saw the formation of a new dust belt in Earth's stratosphere, and achieved the first space-based observation of the long-term evolution of a bolide plume," Gorkavyi said in a statement. Initial measurements 3.5 hours after the meteor explosion showed the dust 25 miles high in the atmosphere, speeding east at 190...
  • Another Chelyabinsk meteor strike 'SEVEN times as likely' as feared

    11/07/2013 11:35:13 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 26 replies
    theregister.co.uk ^ | 6th November 2013 | Iain Thomson,
    NASA's checked its space rock maths and it's not good news "If you look at the number of impacts detected by US government sensors over the past few decades you find the impact rate of kiloton-class objects is greater than would be indicated by the telescopic surveys," said Bill Cooke, meteoroid environment office lead at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center at a press conference on Wednesday. "Over the past few decades we've seen an impact rate about seven times greater than the current state of the telescopic surveys would indicate."
  • 10 Insights from the February Meteorite at Chelyabinsk, Russia

    11/06/2013 2:23:31 PM PST · by rjbemsha · 18 replies
    New Scientist ^ | 6 Nov 2013 | Lisa Grossman
    [T]he object [was] an asteroid 17 to 20 metres across ... with a mass of 10,000 tones [and] exploded at an altitude of about 30 kilometres. The initial explosion carried an energy equivalent to about 500 kilotonnes of TNT. The explosion of the object caused] flying glass, which injured more than a thousand people and collapsed one building. Of 374 injured people who responded to an internet survey ..., the most common complaint related to eyes – 180 people said their eyes hurt and 70 were temporarily blinded. But 20 also reported sunburn; one was burned so badly that his...
  • Divers Recover Presumed Superchunk Of Russian Meteor From Lake Chebarkul

    10/16/2013 5:50:19 AM PDT · by Freelance Warrior · 20 replies
    Fastcompany ^ | 10/16/2013
    The fragment is so large that divers have been unable to lift it. Instead, it's been dragged along the bottom of the lake on a metal sheet. At 1,257 pounds--that's 570 kilos--It will be almost as big as the Holsinger meteorite, which landed in Arizona 50,000 years ago, and broke the scales when it was weighed earlier today. The rock will be tested to verify that it is from space and not from somewhere more mundane.
  • Big Chelyabink Meteorite Fragment to Be Lifted Soon

    09/25/2013 1:27:15 AM PDT · by rjbemsha · 4 replies
    RIA Novosti ^ | 25 Sep 2013 | RIA Novosti
    YEKATERINBURG, September 25 (RIA Novosti) – While removing silt in an effort to fish out a huge chunk of meteorite from the bottom of a lake in Russia’s Urals, divers recovered a smaller meteorite on Tuesday, scientists said. “A meteorite chunk roughly the size of a human fist has been lifted from the depth of 13 meters [43 feet] in Lake Chebarkul,” the Urals Federal University said in a statement. According to scientists, the [remaining] huge chunk, weighting hundreds of metric tons, is buried under a 2.5-meter (8.2-foot) layer of silt. Scientists expect to remove the silt around it on...
  • Chelyabinsk meteorite had previous collision or near miss

    08/26/2013 4:11:13 PM PDT · by rjbemsha · 6 replies
    Space.com ^ | 26-Aug-2013 | Clara Moskowitz
    The Chelyabinsk meteorite either collided with another body in the solar system or came too close to the Sun before it fell to Earth, according to research announced today (Tuesday 27th August) at the Goldschmidt conference in Florence. "...We hope to find out more once the main body of the meteorite is raised from Chebarkul Lake," [says Dr Sharygin]. Surprisingly, the IGM team also found small quantities of platinum group elements in the meteorite's fusion crust. The team are only able to identify these elements as an alloy of osmium, iridium and platinum, but its presence is unusual as the...
  • Incoming! Then Outgoing! Waves Generated by Russian Meteor Recorded Crossing the U.S.

    03/10/2013 11:23:58 AM PDT · by LibWhacker · 5 replies
    NSF News ^ | 3/4/13 | Press Release
    Network of stations with seismometers and air pressure sensors detected the blast waves A network of seismographic stations recorded spectacular signals from the blast waves of the meteor that landed near Chelyabinsk, Russia, as the waves crossed the United States. The National Science Foundation- (NSF) supported stations are used to study earthquakes and the Earth's deep interior. While thousands of earthquakes around the globe are recorded by seismometers in these stations--part of the permanent Global Seismographic Network (GSN) and EarthScope's temporary Transportable Array (TA)--signals from large meteor impacts are far less common. The meteor explosion near Chelyabinsk on Feb. 15,...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Miass River Sunrise

    03/01/2013 9:21:37 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    NASA ^ | March 02, 2013 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: Each day on planet Earth can have a serene beginning at sunrise as the sky gently grows bright over a golden eastern horizon. This sunrise panorama seems to show such a moment on the winter morning of February 15. In the mist, a calm, mirror-like stretch of the Miass River flows through the foreground along a frosty landscape near Chelyabinsk, Russia. But the long cloud wafting through the blue sky above is the evolving persistent train of the Chelyabinsk Meteor. The vapor trail was left by the space rock that exploded over the city only 18 minutes earlier, causing...
  • Colombian boffins reconstruct flight path of Russian meteor ( Video Illustration)

    02/27/2013 10:20:27 AM PST · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 11 replies
    The Register (UK) ^ | 27th February 2013 14:46 GMT | Brid-Aine Parnell
    Trajectory apparently began in near-Earth asteroid group ApolloAstroboffins have figured out where the Chelaybinsk meteorite came from using the power of maths and videos shot by witnesses in Russia.Click here for VideoJorge Zuluaga and Ignacio Ferrin of the University of Antioquia in Colombia have come up with a preliminary reconstruction of the orbit of the meteor, which smashed into the city in the Urals completely unexpectedly two weeks ago. By combing through the witness videos and using trigonometry, the astronomers have determined that the meteorite came from the Apollo class of asteroids in our Solar System's space rock belt. The...
  • Where exactly did the Russian meteor come from?

    02/26/2013 4:19:06 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 63 replies
    thewee.comk ^ | 4:22pm EST | Chris Gayomali |
    Poring over crowd-sourced footage, researchers Jorge Zuluaga and Ignacio Ferrin from the University of Antioquia in Medellin, Colombia, were able to use "simple trigonometry to calculate the height, speed, and position of the rock as it fell to Earth," says BBC News. More importantly, the duo was able to find out where Russia's most famous meteor was likely born. Using astronomy software developed by the U.S. Naval Observatory, Zuluaga and Ferrin gathered enough data to trace the meteoroid's origins in outer space. The information included the meteor's relative angle to the horizon, the shadows it cast, and video timestamps of...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- The Great Russian Meteor of 2013

    02/17/2013 11:18:37 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    NASA ^ | February 18, 2013 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: What in heaven's blazes is that? Thousands of people living near the Ural Mountains in Russia saw last Friday morning one of the more spectacular meteors of modern times streak across the sky. Forceful sound waves arrived at the ground minutes later, knocking people over and breaking windows for hundreds of kilometers. The above video is a compilation of several car dashcams and includes real time footage of the meteor rampaging, smoke trails drifting, shadows quickly shifting, and even the meteor's light reflecting off the back of a bus. The fireball is thought to have been caused by a...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Asteroid 2012 DA14 Passes the Earth

    02/17/2013 11:06:56 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    NASA ^ | February 17, 2013 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: There it goes. That small spot moving in front of background stars in the above video is a potentially dangerous asteroid passing above the Earth's atmosphere. This past Friday, the 50-meter wide asteroid 2012 DA14 just missed the Earth, passing not only inside the orbit of the Moon, which is unusually close for an asteroid of this size, but also inside the orbit of geosynchronous satellites. Unfortunately, asteroids this big or bigger strike the Earth every 1000 years or so. Were 2012 DA14 to have hit the Earth, it could have devastated a city-sized landscape, or stuck an ocean...
  • Russian Meteor Seen From CCTV. Blows out Windows and Doors.

    02/15/2013 4:22:56 PM PST · by Dallas59 · 19 replies
    Youtube ^ | 2/15/2013 | Youtube
    Video Linky Here
  • Stay away from meteors, government tells Russians (Video)

    02/15/2013 3:43:37 PM PST · by ExxonPatrolUs · 22 replies
    AFP ^ | 2-15
    Russia's authorities on Friday cautioned residents of the Urals to stay away from any unidentified objects after a meteor dramatically burned up above the region, with a precious meteorite apparently plunging into a local lake.
  • A problem that is bigger than global warming ( How about hits from Global Objects!)

    02/15/2013 2:33:55 PM PST · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 15 replies
    Watts Up With That? ^ | February 15, 2013 | Anthony Watts
    In light of what happened yesterday, this story is even more relevant now. It was written before the meteor event in Russia.Asteroid 2012 DA14 makes its closest approach at 2:24 p.m. EST/1924 GMT today. One wonders if yesterdayÂ’s meteor in Russia wasnÂ’t some parts of the asteroid fragmented in a deep space collision eons ago and in a similar trajectory hours ahead. It may also be simply coincidence. [UPDATE: NASA has issued a statement on this, see below.]While politicians, their activist friends, and pundits caterwaul over a few tenths of a degree change in the global temperature over the last...
  • Videos: Meteor lights up Russian skies; Update: Injuries now up over 900

    02/15/2013 1:43:03 PM PST · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 12 replies
    Hot Air ^ | 8:01 am on February 15, 2013 | Ed Morrissey
    Pretty spectacular — and a little frightening, one might imagine, if one of these streaked across your field of vision.  Russia Today’s English-language service reports on the phenomenon observed over the last several hours, which also shattered windows in the Urals region as the meteor exploded in the atmosphere (via The Corner):
  • Russian parliament member says meteor was actually a U.S. weapons test

    <p>No sooner do we write about the conspiracy theories flourishing on Russian social media about the meteor, which sailed over central Russia on Friday, than an actual member of the Russian government weighs in with his own. Or so the Moscow-sponsored outlet Voice of Russia says.</p>
  • Russian meteor blast injures at least 1,000 people (3000 damaged buildings)-VIDEO-

    02/15/2013 11:00:09 AM PST · by dragnet2 · 118 replies
    CNN.com ^ | 2/15/2013 | Phil Black, Boriana Milanova and Laura Smith-Spark
    Moscow (CNN) -- A meteor streaked through the skies above Russia's Urals region Friday morning, before exploding with a flash and boom that shattered glass in buildings and left about 1,000 people hurt The number of injured has continued to rise through the day as new reports come in from across a swath of central Russia. Most of those hurt are in the Chelyabinsk region, the news agency said. The vast majority of injuries are not thought to be serious. About 3,000 buildings have sustained damage -- mostly broken glass -- as a result of the shock waves caused by...
  • Russian meteorites not caused by asteroid flyby, NASA says

    02/15/2013 8:29:20 AM PST · by oxcart · 45 replies
    cbsnews.com ^ | 2/15/2013 | Tariq Malik
    The meteor explosion over Russia that injured more than 500 people and damaged hundreds of buildings was not caused by an asteroid zooming close by the Earth today (Feb.15), a NASA scientist says.
  • Russian MP Blames Meteor Shower On US Secret Arms Test

    02/15/2013 8:06:35 AM PST · by Fennie · 47 replies
    The Voice of Russia ^ | February 15, 2013
    Russia's controversial Liberal leader, Vladimir Zhirinovsky, has blamed Americans for today's meteorite scare, local media report. "Those were not meteorites, it was Americans testing their new weapons," Mr. Zhirinovsky confessed to journalists. "[US Secretary of State] John Kerry wanted to warn [Russia's Foreign Minister] Lavrov on Monday, he was looking for Lavrov, and Lavrov was on a trip. He meant to warn Lavrov about a provocation against Russia," he said.
  • Video of Meteorite Explosion over Russia - Collected Videos

    02/15/2013 6:31:33 AM PST · by navysealdad · 31 replies
    A 10-ton meteor exploded in the sky above Russia on Friday, causing a shockwave that blew out windows injuring some 400 people and sending fragments falling to the ground in the Ural Mountains.
  • Urals meteorite allegedly intercepted by Russia’s air defense (BS Alert)

    02/15/2013 4:51:02 AM PST · by PJ-Comix · 33 replies
    The Voice of Russia ^ | February 15, 2013
    A massive meteorite crash shook the Urals region in central Russia early Friday, shattering windows and prompting panic in three major cities. According to some reports, the meteor was intercepted by the air defense complex at the Urzhumka village near the Russian city of Chelyabinsk, when a salvo missile allegedly burst the “shooting star” at an altitude of 20 kilometers. Witnesses reported a sudden change in atmospheric pressure upon the impact that made their ears pop. The space object hit the ground with a tremendous crash that resembled thunder and earthquake, damaging houses in Chelyabinsk and cutting off communications, witnesses...
  • 500 Hurt as Meteor Plummets to Earth in Russia

    02/15/2013 4:17:13 AM PST · by LadyEleanor · 302 replies
    The Weather Channel/AP ^ | Published: Feb 15, 2013, 6:43 AM | Jim Heintz
  • 500+ Injured, Major Havoc Wreaked as Russians Reportedly Intercept Meteorite with Missiles

    02/15/2013 2:51:13 AM PST · by Reaganite Republican · 59 replies
    Reaganite Republican ^ | 15 February 2013 | Reaganite Republican
    ATTN MODERATOR: This article is NOT copied, but authored 100% by myself (and x-posted at Reaganite Republican) with the exception of one small quote from Russia Today near the bottom (duly noted and linked) All orginal Russian info/data sources noted and linked at the bottom, as always... _________________________________________________________ Some pretty serious damage was delivered upon six Russian towns -and hundreds injured- when a hefty meteorite streaked across the sky, approached the Earth's surface in Chelyabisk Oblast (region) of the southern Ural Mountains near the border with Kazakhstan, then exploded early this morning, cca 9:30-10AM local time. Fragments fell and windows shattered as many...
  • Meteorite crash in Russia: UFO fears spark panic in the Urals (VIDEO, PHOTOS)

    02/15/2013 12:34:43 AM PST · by Islander7 · 46 replies
    Kremlin Russia Today ^ | Feb 15, 2013 | Staff
    A series of explosions in the skies of Russia’s Urals region, reportedly caused by a meteorite shower, has sparked panic in three major cities. Witnesses said that houses shuddered, windows were blown out and cellphones have stopped working. According to unconfirmed reports, the meteorite was intercepted by an air defense unit at the Urzhumka settlement near Chelyabinsk. A missile salvo reportedly blew the meteorite to pieces at an altitude of 20 kilometers.
  • Russian 'meteor' was actually a tiny asteroid, NASA says (45 feet across, 10,000 tons & 40,000 mph)

    02/15/2013 11:28:48 PM PST · by 2ndDivisionVet · 150 replies
    The Los Angeles Times ^ | February 16, 2013 | Monte Morin
    At a news conference Friday, NASA scientists said the object that exploded over Russia was a “tiny asteroid” that measured roughly 45 feet across, weighed about 10,000 tons and traveled about 40,000 mph. The object vaporized roughly 15 miles above the surface of the Earth, causing a shock wave that triggered the global network of listening devices that was established to detect nuclear test explosions. The force of the explosion measured between 300 and 500 kilotons, equivalent to a modern nuclear bomb, according to Bill Cooke, head of the Meteoroid Environment Office at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville,...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Chelyabinsk Meteor Flash

    02/23/2013 10:16:24 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 49 replies
    NASA ^ | February 23, 2013 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: A meteoroid fell to Earth on February 15, streaking some 20 to 30 kilometers above the city of Chelyabinsk, Russia at 9:20am local time. Initially traveling at about 20 kilometers per second, its explosive deceleration after impact with the lower atmosphere created a flash brighter than the Sun. This picture of the brilliant bolide (and others of its persistent trail) was captured by photographer Marat Ametvaleev, surprised during his morning sunrise session creating panoramic images of the nearby frosty landscape. An estimated 500 kilotons of energy was released by the explosion of the 17 meter wide space rock with...
  • Russian meteorite blast explained: Fireball explosion, not meteor shower (maps)

    02/16/2013 11:40:13 AM PST · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 80 replies
    rt.com/news ^ | Edited: 16 February, 2013, 18:34
    A Russian policeman works near an ice hole, said by the Interior Ministry department for Chelyabinsk region to be the point of impact of a meteor seen earlier in the Urals region, at lake Chebarkul some 80 kilometers (50 miles) west of Chelyabinsk February 15, 2013 (Reuters / Chelyabinsk region Interior Ministry) Russian scientists investigating the meteorite explosion in the Urals explained the nature of the event that caused havoc in the region. NASA said the shockwave force was equal to a 500-kiloton explosion – 30 times the Hiroshima blast.­The object was identified as a solitary 10-ton bolide by...
  • A Russian emergencies official says at least 1 meteorite has fallen in Chelyabinsk region

    02/14/2013 9:46:55 PM PST · by ConservativeMan55 · 181 replies
    MOSCOW — A Russian emergencies official says at least one meteorite has fallen in Chelyabinsk region.
  • Soldiers of the Chelyabinsk Chernobyl

    09/28/2004 5:13:58 PM PDT · by struwwelpeter · 13 replies · 1,978+ views
    Sto Velikikh Katastrof (The 100 Greatest Catastrophies), Moscow, 1999 pp 394-8 | 1999 | I.Ionina, M. Kubeev
    In the early days of the Cold War, in one of Russia's most secretive regions, stood a city without a name. There, at a classified military facility, an explosion occurred which was been kept hidden for more than two decades. During those long years no one knew of it except for the few who lived in the region of the catastrophy. This tragic story and the name of the top secret city are now known - it was near Chelyabinsk, and the factory where the explosion occurred - Mayak. The area was also known as Chelyabinsk-40. The city that produced...
  • Soldiers of the Chelyabinsk Chernobyl

    04/15/2004 11:34:59 PM PDT · by struwwelpeter · 6 replies · 239+ views
    From 100 Worst Catastrophies (Sto Velikikh Katastrof), "Veche" Moscow 1999 pp394-398
    At the end of September, 1957, there was an explosion in one of the most secret facilities of a "city without name". This was kept classified for over thirty years, and was known but to a few who had been in the region during the catastrophy. Nowadays the name of the secret city is known - Chelyabinsk, and the facility where the explosion occurred - Mayak, which at the time was known only by the cover name Chelyabinsk-40. Later the birthplace of the Soviet Union's first nuclear activities was renamed Chelyabinsk-65, and nowadays is known by the name of Ozersk....