Skip to comments.Why There's No Real Inflation - Yet
Posted on 01/30/2013 11:35:47 AM PST by blam
Why There's No Real Inflation - Yet
Economics / InflationJan 30, 2013 - 01:16 PM GMT
By: Money Morning
Martin Hutchinson writes: According to Milton Friedman, "inflation is always and everywhere a monetary phenomenon."
If that is true, then you have to wonder where the heck all of the inflation is.
Every central bank in the Western world is holding interest rates down, and almost all of them are printing money like it's going out of style.
Five years ago, nearly every economist in the world would have told you this would cause inflation to skyrocket, and the big deficits governments were running would make matters even worse.
Taken together, monetary and fiscal policies are far more extreme than they have ever been.
Yet, inflation has remained rather tame at 2%. In Friedman's world that just wouldn't be possible.
What does it all mean?....
It means even Nobel Prize-winning economists can get it wrong-at least in the short run.
Here's why Friedman has been wrong on inflation so far. It starts with his basic theory.
Friedman's Theory on Inflation
The central equation of Friedman's monetary theory is M*V=P*Y, where M is the money supply, Y is Gross Domestic Product, P is the price level and V is the "velocity" of money, thought of intuitively as the speed at which money moves around the economy.
In this case, the M2 money supply has been increased by 11.5% in the last two months and 8.2% in the past year, while the St. Louis Fed's Money of Zero Maturity (the nearest we can get to the old M3) has increased by 13.1% in the last two months and 8.4% in the last year.
Since GDP is increasing at barely 2%, that ought to mean prices should increase by 6%, just based on the last year's data alone.
Needless to say, that's not happening, since consumer price inflation is under 2%.
Of course, monetarists will tell you that money supply produces inflation only with a lag.
Fine, but it's also true that the M2 money supply has been increasing by 7.4% over the last five years. Admittedly, there was a year in mid-2009-2010 when it stayed flat, but otherwise the monetary base has been increasing at about 8-10% per year.
Again, growth in those five years has been below 2%, and five years is longer than anyone thinks the lag should be. So why isn't inflation at least 5% not 2%?
Monetarists would explain that by telling you that monetary velocity has declined over the last five years.
That's obvious from the equation, but what is monetary velocity and why has it declined?
The velocity of money is simply the average frequency with which a unit of money is spent in a specific period of time. And in our day-to-day activities, it's obvious that monetary velocity has in fact increased.
More people are using debit cards, which cause transactions to move instantaneously from the bank account to the merchant, and many people are using Internet banking, which similarly increases the speed of transactions, reducing both the amount of physical cash carried and the time that old-fashioned checks spend sitting in storage at the U.S. Postal Service.
So what is the problem?
Monetarists will tell you that the decline in monetary velocity is due to the massive balances, over $1 trillion, which the banks have on deposit with the Fed, which just sit there and do nothing.
That's probably correct since while the deposits exist, the ordinary mechanisms of monetary movement simply don't work, since that money has no velocity.
As a result, Bernanke and his overseas cohorts have succeeded in saving themselves from being hindered by a surge in inflation.
The Japanese experience over the last 20 years suggests that this position, with a huge money supply and no inflation, may continue for 20 years or more.
In short, thanks to the banks, Freidman's monetary theory has simply stopped working.
Why Inflation is Headed Our Way Eventually
It's not clear to me whether at some point the banks will start lending the trillion-dollar balances at the Fed, in which case inflation will revive rapidly.
However, there is one other economic theory that is relevant here.
Austrian economists like Ludwig von Mises will tell you that ultra-low interest rates will create an orgy of speculation, in which markets create a huge volume of "malinvestment" - investment that should not economically have been made, and which has less value than its cost.
Eventually-like it did in 1929, the volume of malinvestment becomes so great that a crash occurs, in which all the bad investments have to be written off, huge losses are taken and a wave of bankruptcies sweeps across the economy.
This didn't happen in Japan. The banks went on lending to bad companies, creating a collection of zombies which sapped the vitality from the Japanese economy and has produced more than 20 years of economic stagnation.
In Japan, the politicians have even decided to print more money and do still more deficit spending. Since Japan has debt of 230% of GDP this will almost certainly produce a crisis of confidence, in which buyers stop buying Japan Government Bonds. That will cause the government to default and will more or less shut down the Japanese economy - the worst possible outcome.
Since politicians hate periods of liquidation, they could encourage the same behavior here, in which case growth will continue at current sluggish rates until the Federal deficit becomes so great that nobody will buy U.S. Treasuries.
Again, without a Treasury market, there will be an economic collapse.
At that point, you're likely to get all the inflation you want - it's basically what happened in the German Weimar Republic in 1923.
The point is, Bernanke has created something of a new monetary ground, increasing the money supply rapidly without getting inflation. But it won't last.
At some point we'll get hyperinflation and probably a Treasury default.
For investors the action to take is obvious: Buy gold. At some point fairly soon, you'll need it.
Just talking about this,
If we have hit the long term support bottom in August, there is only two options, inflation, or stagflation.
No one in the history of the world knows how to unwind this unprecedented stimulus, the world is awash in digital currency, ...
We’ve both been on FR and online forums for a long time, I’ve lost all faith in John Williams and ShadowStats. 7 years ago we would have been sitting here trying to analysis the tea leaves Williams was dropping in his free reports. No more for me.
I’d sit down and drink with the guy and bullshit about the world and how it’s falling apart, but I have seen too many impeccably written retorts to his information to giver any further credence to his body of work related to ShadowStats calculated implied rates of , UE6, M3, etc.
Because fed pumping is helping growth in Asia not in the US, better tax laws and opportunity.
I’m commenting here mainly so that smarter people than me can tell me how I’m wrong.
In my opinion, inflation is masked over the last couple of decades by a couple of things. For one, computers, internet, telecommunications, have revolutionized all kinds of things and this has helped to keep prices low and going lower.
Offshoring our manufacturing has kept prices low.
A collapsing economy has cut the price of housing.
A weak economy also affects the demand for trucking, making it lower than it would otherwise be, which helps to keep fuel lower than it otherwise would be.
High unemployment keeps wages from rising much if at all.
Thats aside from the games that the statisticians play, where they claim that something is better, hence the higher cost isn’t really a higher cost. (Similar to the games they play with unemployment figures, where if you’re out of work long enough they stop counting you). The 2% figure, I believe, is a lie.
Still, whatever is the true figure, its lower than it would be if the economy wasn’t on the rocks and we weren’t innovating, and we weren’t letting Chinese do our work for us.
Check the inflation rate of food and ammo.
And, I meant to say.
I've been giving a little more attention to articles these days that state 'when' their predictions will happen.
I'm pretty sure that TS(will)HTF...I just don't know if it's tomorrow or ten years from now. I like hearing all opinions on the 'when.'
Anyone who has bought groceries or fuel in the past 12 months knows that the “real” inflation rate is probably around 12% per year.
Just like the unemployment rate is 7.something when 8 million fewer people are employed than four years ago.
I just can’t tell if I’m reading Pravda or Tass.
4 years ago I was surprised when my shopping total went over $200 or $250 dollars.
Last week my bill topped $400 for the first time ever
We have plenty of inflation, but prices are measured in such a way as to hide the real inflation rate.
That's exactly my motivation for posting these articles.
I learn much from the questions and comments of others...often, I don't even know what question to ask. So..... (The hard part is steering clear of the Smart Alecs)
All bad news, all policy consequences of liberalism, will be hidden until they can’t be hidden anymore,
then those consequences will be blamed on the opponents of liberalism.
We’re already seeing this - the fourth quarter negative GDP is being blamed on Republicans.
Google Jonathan Cahn and listen to an interview with him to know why I say that.
Judgement 1 was Sept 11, 2001.
Judgement 2 was Sept, 2008 (economic crash).
Judgement 3 is Sept, 2015.
All on the “jubilee” 7 yr cycle.
1) High Powered Money = M = Coin and Currency = Printing Press Money.
2) Physical purchases of precious metals are not counted in any of the M numbers M1, M2, ...)
3) Since physical precious metal purchases are generally excess liquid funds (i.e.Coin and Currency) much of the increase in High Powered Money is drained by the increase in precious metal purchases.
4) Velocity of Money V is vastly impacted by loan demand.
5) While banks would love to loan out the excess Coin and Currency, industry managers are not willing to borrow money as long as an avowed socialist occupies the White House and his minions in Congress harbor the most business unfriendly sentiments seen in decades. So, as the old saying goes, "you can lead a horse to water, but you can't make him drink" regardless of the price (interest rates) of water which figuratively speaking today is ZERO.
6) Without loan demand, the money multiplier effect of High Powered Money is largely negated regardless of the increases in the other M measures.
Yes, with the BIG CAVEAT: "Ceteris Paribus", or "All things remaining equal"
But if the Velocity of money simultaneously slows dramatically, it is entirely possible for Money Supply to expand without inflation.
So, if banks don't lend the excess cash, and corporations don't spend (invest) their excess capital, what happens inflation-wise? Nothing.
But Monday's WSJ had three articles pointing to the beginning of asset bubbles: The price of Stocks, Houses and Bonds are all up.
All that cash is starting to chase things. Bubble-mania, here we go again!
You are right that the inflation is masked. First, there has been significant inflation in health care, higher education, and housing (until recently). Not coincidentally, these are three areas where you have significant moral hazard, coupled with governmental policies designed to encourage debt financing.
Equities and debt have also inflated. Once again, this is partially due to moral hazard (especially with respect to sovereign debt). Commodities, as well have inflated.
The reason we don’t see consumer level inflation at the level it could be given monetary policy is because there has been no stimulative effect to all of these policies. Basically, wages haven’t increased, so consumers are generally tapped out. This means no consumer inflation, because companies have no pricing power.
Finally, we export much of our inflation. Since everything out there is priced in dollars, we are printing for a global economy, not a national one. This means that the inflation is spread out over a much larger economy.
The answer is that we have had significant inflation — just not in the areas that they are looking for it.
In terms of inflation being masked, technology was important. But bigger was the end of the cold war. Suddenly, in the span of a few short years, China, Russia, the former Soviet Republics, East Europe, and to a large degree India, became part of the global economy. This created an almost post WWII like environment, where countries which actually produced had a massive, untapped market. Whereas in post WWII it was mostly the US, this period gave the US, Germany, England, and Japan a huge opportunity for wealth creation. Most of this opportunity was squandered, but it did allow Japan especially to remain in their stagnation and not collapse under the weight of their debt.
Unfortunately, everyone decided that the best use of this opportunity was to center an economy around real estate bubbles, so we are now in a situation where we simply cannot allow these price bubbles to deflate. We are stuck with an expansionary monetary policy until everything collapses.
Looking down the road, I think that many of these price bubbles (education, equities, etc.) have hit a kind of ceiling. I think the next round will consist of aggressive currency debasement. I would not be surprised to see commodities as the only asset class to rise in this period, as a currency war naturally leads to a general trade war (increasing commodity prices would, in this scenario, be a supply phenomenon, not demand side). Any other inflationary effect of the race to the bottom in currencies could be offset by further damage to the underlying economy. But we are in a bad place, globally. The entire world is fully dependent on price bubbles, and fully dependent on currency debasement.
Food prices are through the roof! I'm sure if a Repub was in the WH, the "media" would harping on how "the people" are having a hard time putting food on the table due to the rising costs.
Price of corn is clearly inflated due to drought and RFS; however, the decline in the dollar clearly has increased corn prices. Same with oil, by all accounts plenty of production, but price remains high.
7 years ago gold had just broken through $500 never to look back.
That's just part of the story. China is willingly printing up their currency to keep their prices low here. That exports our inflation there and is a big reason why it hasn't shown up here.
If they issued the mandatory gold buyout order, would you comply? Didn’t think so. Nor will your neighbors or anyone else with a brain.
Re post 26: That’s what I think, too. I find it hard to believe that anyone with gold at home would simply turn it in.
An increase in prices is just a symptom of inflation. But there are always several pressures working simultaneously to decrease the rise in prices caused by increases in the money supply such as:
1) during a recession, it is normal for prices to decrease and
2) money sent to China to buy Chinese goods lowers the American money supply which tends to decrease demand which tends to decrease prices.
The drop in velocity, the recession, and trade with China are price lowering pressures that are working against the price increasing pressures that are caused by the increase in the money supply.
With biflation on the one hand, the economy is fueled by an over-abundance of money injected into the economy by central banks. Since most essential commodity-based assets (food, energy, clothing) remain in high demand, the price for them rises due to the increased volume of money chasing them. The increasing costs to purchase these essential assets is the price-inflationary arm of Biflation. With biflation on the other hand, the economy is tempered by increasing unemployment and decreasing purchasing power. As a result, a greater amount of money is directed toward buying essential items and directed away from buying non-essential items. Debt-based assets (mega-houses, high-end automobiles and other typically debt based assets) become less essential and increasingly fall into lower demand. As a result, the prices for them fall due to the decreased volume of money chasing them. The decreasing costs to purchase these non-essential assets is the price-deflationary arm of biflation
If this is a 7-year cycle we need to look at 7 years before and going backwards to develop a pattern.
I want to be carful about reading too much into what the Rabbi says here.
7-year Jubilees according to the Rabbi can either be a matter of blessings or none. So if September is the operative month and we are in 7-year cycles lets reach back into our historical memories and see if we see any patterns. I can't fill in anything significant where I have placed a "?":
Sept. 1994 (R) take Congress back 1st time in 40 years (Nov)
Sept. 1987 Stock market crash
Sept. 1980 The Reagan landslide (Nov)
Sept. 1973 Yom Kippur War
Sept. 1966 ?
Sept. 1959 Castro takes over Cuba (July)
Sept. 1952 Eisenhower, (R) win both houses of Congress
Sept. 1945 End of WWII (Sept 2)
Sept. 1938 ?
Sept. 1931 Deflationary spiral begins which leads to Great Depression
Sept. 1924 Election of Coolidge (R) both houses of Congress
Sept. 1917 US enters WW I (April)
Sept. 1910 ?
Sept. 1903 ?
Sept. 1896 McKinley elected, free silver movement frees us from Europe's gold-based control.
Sept. 1889 ?
Sept. 1882 ?
Sept. 1875 ?
Sept. 1868 Andrew Johnson impeachment trial (Feb)
Sept. 1861 US Civil War begins (April)
Sept. 1847 ?
Sept. 1840 ?
Sept. 1833 ?
Sept. 1826 ?
Sept. 1819 ?
Sept. 1812 War of 1812 (June)
Sept. 1805 ?
Sept. 1798 ?
Sept. 1791 ?
Sept. 1784 ?
Sept. 1777 ?
Sept. 1770 ?
Do we see any discernible patterns here?
Hadn’t thought of anything before the judgement of 9/11, as Cahn was just referring to the parallels of 2001 and 2008 to biblical judgement.
We have voted in leaders to bring about our own destruction. Our elected leaders have pandered to We as a Nation have cursed YHvH after His warnings. After years of pagan idolatry, YHvH allowed the hedge On September 11, 2001, YHvH allowed a breach in our hedge of protection. The stock market fell 7% on Sept 17, 2001 Seven years later on the 29th of Elul, Seven years after the attack on September 11, 2001, In 721 BCE, the walls of Israel were breached. Isaiah 9:10 "The bricks have fallen down, This nation was dedicated in St Paul's chapel The New York Stock Exchange was Ten years after the initial breach I love metaphors; Ask and you will receive His Salvation !
Jubilees occur at 50 cycles shalom b'SHEM Yah'shua HaMashiach
or seven , seven years plus one year.
the most perverse and perverted agenda.
We have called down on ourselves the curse of Isaiah 9:11-21
of protection to be lowered and the nation of Israel
was attacked by the Assyrians.
The following day, Democrat Tom Daschle called down a curse on America.
On September 11, 2004, Democrat John Edwards repeated the curse on America.
On February 24, 2009 Democrat Barack Hussein Obama repeated the curse for the third time.
(Matthew 18:16; 2 Cr 13:1; Deu 19:15 & Amos 3:12)
( 29 day of the month of Elul)
it fell again 7 %
At the end of each Sabbatical year,
all debts are made worthless.
We elected a man to lead this country whose
whole persona is built on lies.
The nation's leaders with pride and in arrogance
of heart cursed YHvH.
See Isaiah 9:10.
Isaiah 9:9 .....Asserting in pride and in arrogance of heart:
But we will rebuild with smooth stones;
The sycamores have been cut down,
But we will replace them with cedars."
located at the corner of Ground Zero.
The Sycamore tree at St Paul's chapel
was destroyed by a steel beam from
the World Trade Center.
chartered under a Sycamore tree.
the nation of Israel was attacked
and overrun by the Assyrians.
Half the nation was captured
and taken off to imprisonment.
they teach those who have ears to hear.
For more information buy the book Harbinger
by Jonathan Cahn
if my people, Seek YHvH in His WORD !
who are called by my name,
shall humble themselves,
and pray, and seek my face,
and turn from their wicked ways;
then will I hear from heaven,
and will forgive their sin,
and will heal their land.
We have voted in leaders to bring about our own destruction.
Our elected leaders have pandered to
We as a Nation have cursed YHvH after His warnings.
After years of pagan idolatry, YHvH allowed the hedge
On September 11, 2001, YHvH allowed a breach in our hedge of protection.
The stock market fell 7% on Sept 17, 2001
Seven years later on the 29th of Elul,
Seven years after the attack on September 11, 2001,
In 721 BCE, the walls of Israel were breached.
Isaiah 9:10 "The bricks have fallen down,
This nation was dedicated in St Paul's chapel
The New York Stock Exchange was
Ten years after the initial breach
I love metaphors;
Ask and you will receive His Salvation !
Yup, shopping for food is more painful and expensive than ever. Inflation is already here. It’s just being hiddden from investors.
Cash is piling up in Banks and Corporations
No One in their right minds will invest cash in this environment, with a negative ROI for injected capital
The GDP Velocity is dangerously close to 1
The real inflation rate is over 5%. The gubmint is cooking the on inflation estimates.
I think part of the reason might be that the Chinese haven’t re-flooded our market with their increasingly worth less dollars we’re paying them with.
If they do that, like France did with Germany in the 20s, we will get hit. Hard.
Thanks for the ping.
Pumping/printing money and distributing through the banks means that with fewer people borrowing money, most of this Ca$h ends up in investments. Hence according to the Administration, everything is good (for now), yet once the this money has doubled stocks as it already has done, the real inflation will start to kill the American workers. The only folks who this does not matter for are those who get total subsidized living from government payments....
At that point, you're likely to get all the inflation you want - it's basically what happened in the German Weimar Republic in 1923.
Lots of folks have stopped buying our Treasuries - the 'solution'? We buy them. It's getting nutty...
Good comments. Thanks for the ping.
Very informative reply so thank you. I read an article a while back on actual inflation vs. core inflation. The reason for only measuring core inflation is that food and energy is seen as volatile and the theory is the two will normalize over time. I analogize it to EBITDA vs. Actual cash flow over time- eventually they will equal out. However, a study was done and found that actual inflation over time was 5% higher than core inflation. At first glance, this did not seem significant to me given the 10 year period, but apparently to much smarter statisticians this was a significant variance.
The only two people who know I own gold are my wife and myself and, at this point in time, neither one of us work for the government.
Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.