So who fired the first shot, chief?
It was a war of secession/self-governance and autonomy.
Got news for you, but the Confederacy was hardly a bastion of democracy and freedom. By 1863, it was an obnoxious military dictatorship that few in the South continued to support.
Didn’t say it was all milk and honey; only that the terminology was wrong and Lincoln was not the ‘leader’ he’s been propped up as.
Now as to the first shot. The question would be...why? From my memory, S.C. ordered the area evacuated of the Fed. gov’t, some blow-hard Fed capt/general occupies the fort, Fed. gov’t attempts to reinforce said capt/general...SHTF time.
As to your 2nd point: there were more than enough ‘atrocities’ to go around.