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Reference book for The Pakistani Military and it's support of Terrorists through Abbottabad - Pakistan Failed State by Shiv Sastry ^ | Shiv Sastry

Posted on 05/02/2011 1:25:47 AM PDT by JerseyHighlander

This is a copyleft PDF book , 206 pages long, specifically reporting on the Pakistan military, which has their military academy in Abbottabad, and the area is reportedly similar to Amelia Island in the US, where CIA retirees congregate in great numbers, Abbottabad is the Hamptons , or Vail of the Pakistani military and intelligence machinery.

Been reading the book for 20 minutes, it's pretty good reading to understand what has been explained repeatedly but haphazardly for years, that the Pakistani military and intelligence service controlled the Taliban and the AlQaeda operatives in Afghanistan.

Pakistan Failed State

Shiv Sastry

This entire book is copyright free... please cut and paste any and all got excerpts....


And even today as Pakistani jihadis continue to be used as cannon fodder against India, the recruitment has to go on. Jihad is advertised in Pakistan as a career path to follow. Shahid Nadeem wrote in the Daily Times of Pakistan (125):

The moment we left Fortress Abbottabad, it was jehadi territory. Wall chalking after wall chalking advertised jehadi outfits and announced recruitment for jehadi fighters. Just a few kilometers from the Havelian cantonment, there are slogans such as Jehad is the shortest route to Paradise and Contact us for commando Jehadi training. Walls between Havelian and Haripur are full of jehadi slogans and adverts


125. The spirit of Gandhar, Shahid Nadeem 2002_pg3_7



When it was declared by the US Treasury department that two thirds of all terrorist groups had a link with Pakistan, the statement came as sweet music to the ears Indians who have been fighting terrorism from Pakistan for over a decade (118).

About two-thirds of all designated terrorist groups in the world have a Pakistani connection, according to the U.S. Treasury Department.

The statement was a vindication of long-standing Indian concerns. Since 1989, India had been ploughing a lonely furrow in the diplomatic capitals of the world calling attention to Pakistan's role in terrorism. The terrorist attacks of September 11 th 2001 in the US, in which aircraft were hijacked and crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Washington were a wake-up call to the somnolent and blinkered intelligence communities of the West about the deep changes taking place in Pakistan.

A charming tale for children is told in an animated film called “The Sorcerer's Apprentice” featuring Walt Disney's cartoon character Mickey Mouse. The sorcerer (magician) is Mickey himself and has the task of drawing water from a well to fill a tub. Being too lazy to do the job himself, the sorcerer uses his magic powers to make a broom grow hands and legs to draw water to fill the tub. As Mickey relaxes and falls asleep the Sorcerer's Apprentice, the magic broom, working tirelessly, transfers enough water to cause a flood and does not stop. A panicky Mickey wakes up and chops the magic broom into small pieces but each piece then becomes a new apprentice that carries water and the flooding starts to 136 get out of control.

Pakistan and jihad are like the story of the Sorcerer's Apprentice. The Pakistani army tried to use jihad to do it's work but jihad, and terrorism associated with jihad now has a life of its own and may be getting out of control of the Pakistani army.

Jessica Stern, an expert on terrorism wrote (119):

Pakistani militant groups are killing civilians and engaging in terrorism in Indian-held Kashmir under the guise of holy war. The government in Islamabad supports these militants and their religious schools as cheap ways to fight India and educate Pakistan's youth. But this policy is creating a culture of violence that exacerbates internal sectarianism and destabilizes the region. Without change, this monster threatens to devour Pakistani society.

Islamic scholars, especially from Pakistan, have repeatedly tried to point out that jihad is not terrorism. It is stated that jihad is an internal struggle and not external violence. But this assertion goes against the facts on the ground. Terrorism and senseless violence are being routinely committed in the name of jihad. In the Pakistani context, terrorism and jihad are one and the same. In his study of jihadi groups in Pakistan, Ehsan Ansari says of jihad (120):

various Islamic groups have been interpreting it to mean 'holy war' against everything the perceive as being 'non Islamic'

An interview with a leading Pakistani expert on jihad, Arif Jamal, was published by the Asia Times online. Jamal has this to say about jihad (121): 137

The main objective of jihad even today is to defeat the infidels and establish Islamic states all over the world.

One of the ideological founding fathers of Pakistan, Maulana Maududi, placed a great emphasis on jihad, (120) so Pakistanis are not strangers to the concept of jihad. And with jihad being defined as holy war to defeat infidels, acts of terrorism are considered normal and par for the course by a large number of Pakistanis. The extent to which the system to promote violent jihad against non-Muslims has spread in Pakistan may be gauged from the following reports:

Terrorism expert Jessica Stern writes (119):

Only about 4,350 of the estimated 40,000 to 50,000 madrasahs in Pakistan have registered with the government... Madrasahs are the supply line for jihad...

A report from the US council of Foreign Relations said:

According to The Washington Post, some 7,000 madrasas currently operate in Pakistan, with enrollment at more than 650,000 students. Pakistani officials estimate that 10 to 15 percent of the madrasas in Pakistan promote extremist ideologies.

The New York Times reported on May 27, 2002:

there are as many as 500,000 members of jihadi - Muslim holy war organizations - in Pakistan, including many thousands committed to the cause of forcing India out of the sector of Kashmir that it controls.

Jihad became a driving force in Pakistan under General Zia ul Haq in the 1980s. 138

Quoting Jessica Stern (119):

Pakistani dictator General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq promoted the madrasahs as a way to garner the religious parties' support for his rule and to recruit troops for the anti- Soviet war in Afghanistan.

This is supported by a report in the Asia Times (122):

The jihadi outfits were in fact a part of the ISI's operations and the brainchild of late dictator General Zia ul-Haq and General Akhtar Abdul Rehman. The purpose was to develop a para-military force that would assist the Pakistan army in the event of war.

Jihad in Pakistan received a lot of funding from the US and Saudi Arabia. Stern reports that Pakistan received US $ 3.5 billion from these countries in the 1985 to 1989 period. Jihad became an important business in Pakistan, with funds coming in from diverse sources such as Libya, Iraq, Iran and other Gulf states. Along with the money came guns and drugs, mainly heroin, to fund the US backed war against Soviet troops in Afghanistan. With US arms, Saudi funds and Jihad recruits from Pakistan, the Soviet Union was put under sufficient military pressure to withdraw from Afghanistan, paving the way for the Pakistan sponsored Taliban to form a government in Afghanistan.

Tariq Ali wrote in The Independent of the UK (123):

religious fundamentalism is the legacy of a previous military dictator, General Zia-ul-Haq...During his rule (1977-89), a network of madrassahs (religious boarding schools), funded by the Saudi regime, were created...The 2,500 madrassahs produced a crop of 225,000 fanatics 139 ready to kill and die for their faith when asked to do so by their religious leaders. Dispatched across the border by the Pakistan Army, they were hurled into battle...The Taliban creed is an ultra-sectarian strain, inspired by the Wahhabi sect that rules Saudi Arabia...The Taliban could not, however, have captured Kabul on their own ..They were armed and commanded by "volunteers" from the Pakistan Army

For the Pakistani army, control of Afghanistan with its puppet, the Taliban government was a double blessing. The forces of jihad provided a huge supply of trained and experienced soldiers to fight India in a low cost war. The Pakistani army could describe the jihadi-terrorists as freedom fighters and deny any link with them, while Pakistan claimed to provide only moral and diplomatic support to them.

Meanwhile Afghanistan itself was seen by Pakistan as strategic depth - that is, if India ever attacked Pakistan, Pakistani forces and leaders could withdraw into Afghanistan and continue to fight. Afghanistan also served as a safe place to continue to train jihadis to fight Pakistan's war against India.

RAND, a US based non-profit organization that helps policy and decision making, carried the following passage in a commentary (124):

Sponsoring militancy in Kashmir is regarded as a relatively cheap and effective way of offsetting existing power symmetries (essentially through the philosophy of a 'war of a thousand cuts') while simultaneously ... ensuring that Pakistan has sufficient strategic depth to undertake a protracted conventional war on the sub- continent, should this ever become necessary.

140 A report in the New York Times (27 th May 2002) describes how the jihadis from Afghanistan were applied against India:

drawing on the 80,000 fighters whom Pakistan had trained and armed to fight the Soviet forces in Afghanistan...Pakistan's military and intelligence services struck upon the idea of employing jihadis to wrest control of the Kashmir from India. "We have fought three wars with India and have not won even one of them," said an expert on the country's jihad movements. "The success of the jihadi strategy in Afghanistan compelled the generals to try it on India, too. The Kashmir jihadis are our cannon fodder because they are willing to die for their cause in a way that no paid soldiers would."

And even today as Pakistani jihadis continue to be used as cannon fodder against India, the recruitment has to go on. Jihad is advertised in Pakistan as a career path to follow. Shahid Nadeem wrote in the Daily Times of Pakistan (125):

The moment we left Fortress Abbottabad, it was jehadi territory. Wall chalking after wall chalking advertised jehadi outfits and announced recruitment for jehadi fighters. Just a few kilometers from the Havelian cantonment, there are slogans such as Jehad is the shortest route to Paradise and Contact us for commando Jehadi training. Walls between Havelian and Haripur are full of jehadi slogans and adverts

Pervez Hoodbhoy, a Pakistani scientist and columnist wrote(126):

Islam, Pakistan, Jihad became emblazoned on banners at Pakistani army recruitment centers, ... A new ethos was created; this was to be an army not just for Pakistan, 141 but for the greater glory of Islam.

Jihad has been made attractive and financially rewarding. The rewards of waging jihad include the following, among more worldly rewards (127):

The mujahideen were assured of entering Paradise before the first drop of their blood fell to earth. The Holy Scriptures of Islam also say that houris [beautiful virgins of the Koranic Paradise] come down to Earth to take the spirit of the mujahid who is about to die before the first drop of his blood falls to earth. The martyrs are promised 72 houris in Paradise. These houris are more beautiful than all the beauties of the world combined.

There are salary and pension rules in place as well. A RAND report quotes Indian Intelligence estimates of the budget of the Pakistani agency responsible for training and coordinating jihad-terrorist action in India the so called Inter Services Intelligence or I.S.I. (124):

annual ISI expenditure to the main militant organisations runs to between US$125 and $250 million a year. These funds are used to cover salaries for fighters (which run from 5,000 to 10,000 rupees a month), support to next of kin, cash incentives for high-risk operations and retainers for guides, porters and informers.

Appendix 4 reproduces an article carried in the online paper Mid-Day listing details of incentives and salaries offered to terrorists from Pakistan. The article is revealing in the extent to which Pakistan has been organizing and funding terrorists who have long been said to receive only moral and diplomatic support from Pakistan.

With jihad and terrorism being Pakistan's main industry, 142 the effect on India has been murderous.

A paper published by the South Asia Analysis Group (SAAG) carries examples of newspaper headlines resulting from terrorist acts sponsored by Pakistan in India(128). A few samples are quoted below:

• "Suspected Islamic militants axed to death six members of a shepherd's family overnight. The attackers killed four women and two children, the officer said." • "Militants slit the throats of two women, shot dead another person and set off two explosions damaging a bridge " • "Terrorists have slit the throats of two of the four policemen abducted after the attack on a police post in Udhampur on Sunday.

Statistics of deaths of Indians in Kashmir show that over 17,000 civilians have been killed by Pakistani trained terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir from 1990 to 2003.

Over the same period Indian security forces have intercepted and killed 17,000 terrorists who were found committing acts of terrorism or infiltrating into India from Pakistan, along with the staggering recovery of over 27,000 assault rifles and machine guns, and over 59,000 hand grenades, 6 million rounds of ammunition and 34,000 kilograms of explosives (129).

The US army discovered in Vietnam that groups of armed men carrying machine guns and explosives, hiding in jungles in mountainous regions cannot be fought with tanks and attack aircraft. Men have to be met by men in deadly face to face encounters at the end of long vigils or cordon and search operations. The US in Vietnam had the luxury of being able to withdraw from Vietnam, but Indians do not have the option of withdrawing from their 143 own land. Terrorism, with hundreds of thousands of jihadis entering from Pakistan required a robust response, and India met the threat by building a powerful counter-insurgency apparatus, and by starting to fence the India-Pakistan boundary where possible.

As the Indian strategy proved effective, jihadis started getting eliminated in increasing numbers, and the average life-span of a jihadi-terrorist entering India from Pakistan was reduced to weeks or months rather than years (130). One Indian army major is quoted in an interview as saying (131):

Once somebody picks up the gun then his family knows that it is only a matter of days before they hear that he has been killed in an encounter. We put the average lifespan of a terrorist at two-and-half years. Within this period we are bound to eliminate him.

This seems to have had a significant effect on the morale of Pakistan's army backed jihadi-terrorist apparatus, because the Pakistani government started protesting against the presence of large numbers of Indian counter- insurgency personnel within India, and diplomatic protests grew shriller as Indian security forces chalked up success after success.

In many areas, terrorists from Pakistan were unable to enter India at all or were able to infiltrate through in the smallest numbers. A backlog of violent, trained and indoctrinated terrorists built up in Pakistan, and gradually, these terrorists began to target other nations of the world.

Once again, the only country that tried to alert the world about the global terrorist threat emanating from Pakistan's jihad factory was India, but Indian 144 information fell on deaf ears, until the September 11 th 2001 terrorist attacks on the US. That woke up the intelligence communities of the world with a jolt. Since then terrorist links leading back to Pakistan have been found in countries like Burma, Nepal, Chechnya, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Yemen, Mongolia, Kuwait, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Russia, Turkey, Latvia, Australia, UK, Canada, Indonesia and the Philippines. (119,132). A detailed study exists in an online portal of the evidence of Pakistani links to terrorism against the US, including links to the September 11 th attacks (133).

Pakistan has now become the home base of global terrorism. Terrorism Central would not be an inappropriate name for Pakistan, and it is by no means certain that anybody in Pakistan can control the forces that have been unleashed. The Sorcerer's Apprentice is out of control. The entire world, and Pakistan itself is being targeted by the Islamist groups spawned and nurtured by the Pakistani army and its intelligence cell, the I.S.I.

In an article on Pakistan-sponsored terrorism, the magazine India Today, referring to the L-e-T (Lashkar-e- Tayeba), a powerful and deadly Pakistan based jihad group, had this to say in its December 2003 edition (132):

There is a terrible price to pay for this facilitation because the same forces that drive jehad in Jammu and Kashmir drive it in other lands too...Indian authorities reckon that groups like the LeT could, in time, become more dangerous. Not only would they become too large for the ISI to manage but also their strong links with the underworld would create a sort of double whammy.

This view is echoed by one of India's premier anti- 145 terrorism experts, K.P.S. Gill, who warned (134):

There is now mounting evidence of a loss of control as these autonomous religious groups challenge, not only their Army and ISI handlers, but the Government itself.

In an indication of increasing international understanding of how jihad threatens to eat up Pakistan, a report carried by RAND said (124):

it is no longer apparent that the army or ISI exercise complete control over the proxies they have helped to create, some of which are now openly talking about fomenting a fundamentalist revolution in Pakistan itself.

In Decemeber 2003, General Pervez Musharraf, President of Pakistan survived two attempts to assassinate him that occurred within days of each other (135, 136). The fact that the route of the motorcade he was travelling in was known to the people who wanted to kill him suggests that someone close to General Musharraf was involved in these attempts. In an interview quoted in the BBC (137), Musharraf blamed the Al Quaeda for attempting to assassinate him. Other reports too have pointed to Islamist forces within Pakistan as being responsible for wanting to replace General Musharraf. Although the first of the two assassination attempts was thought to have been stage managed by Musharraf's supporters to win greater sympathy for him (138), the second one, a suicide bombing involving multiple bomb laden trucks was a very real indicator of the sort of forces that exist in Pakistan today.

These forces will not be easy to eliminate. Apart from multiple Islamist groups, Pakistan is awash with weapons. There are an estimated 18 million illegal firearms in Pakistan, in addition to 2 million registered ones (139). 146 Pakistan is home to a Kalashnikov culture with hundreds of firearm manufacturing workshops making weapons, including inexpensive clones of the Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle, a reliable weapon of choice for terrorists, being able to spray a high volume of fire at targets. In a coherently functioning nation-state, the government retains coercive power. That means that the government, (the army, in Pakistan's case) retains the armed power to suppress and control all other groups. But that monopoly over coercive power may have slipped out of the hands of the Pakistani army, into the hands of Islamic fundamentalists in Pakistan.

TOPICS: Breaking News; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: isi; pakistan
COPYLEFT LICENCE Licence is hereby granted to make as many copies of this book as needed, and for the book to be distributed to anyone free of charge on condition that no modifications are made and no profit is made from the sharing of this work.
1 posted on 05/02/2011 1:25:55 AM PDT by JerseyHighlander
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To: JerseyHighlander

Pakistani security analyst Ayesha Siddiqa-Agha writes

It is important to note that Pakistan’s armed forces
especially the army operates like a fraternity. In this
environment, severe punishments to individuals or
extraordinary treatment of a similar nature are viewed as
undermining the morale of the institution. Sidelining
undesirable individuals or rewarding others discreetly
is, thus, a preferred choice.

90. Soldiers in business, “Power, Perks, Prestige and
Privileges: Military’s economic activities in Pakistan -
Dr Ayesha Siddiqa-Agha

2 posted on 05/02/2011 1:35:05 AM PDT by JerseyHighlander
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To: JerseyHighlander

competitors or people who try to question their
activities. Corruption in running these businesses has
been noted by Siddiqa-Agha and others (96):

“When you dig into them, you find out they are
inefficient, and there is evidence of corruption,”
Siddiqa-Agha said. “There is also evidence of corruption
linked to monopolization of government contracts.

In another report in August 2002, the South Asia Tribune
reported (99):

..a list of over 100 armed forces men who allotted to
themselves at least 400 or more acres of prime land in
Bahawalpur, heart of Punjab, “to defend it from the
enemy,” at the throw away rate of Rs 380 per acre (US
Dollars Six & 50 cents). The list is only of one
District. Such lists exist all over Punjab and Sindh
where a new breed of landlords has already been created
through similar allotments...This conversion of generals
into landlords also explains why no serious effort has
been made by the military to introduce land reforms in
the country, which could cure many political and social
imbalances in the Pakistani society.

An online report in the Crescent International revealed a
list of Pakistani billionaires and millionaires with
accounts in Swiss banks. Nearly half the billionaires
were from the army or close relatives of senior army

With this degree of money, wealth and power, the Pakistan
army’s main problem shifts away from the defence of
Pakistan to the defence of their own wealth and power.
Which wealthy army general living in the lap of luxury
would want to give up his good life for the hardship and
travails of war? Besides, the risk to this life is not so
much from an attack by India, but by anger and opposition
to the corrupt and wealthy army from the desperately poor
people of Pakistan, a staggering 85% of whom live on less
than US $2 per day (100).

Increasingly under pressure within Pakistan for their
greed the Pakistani army has used Islam and the external
threat from India to retain their power and wealth. The
people must be more Islamic, because the sacrifice of
jihad is required to fight India. Poverty and destitution
in Pakistan are because India is trying to attack
Pakistan and kill Muslims. This Islamization of Pakistan
and the Pakistani army accelerated after the 1971 defeat
of the Pakistani army by India in the war of liberation
of Bangladesh.

96. Military Inc. Dominates Life in Pakistan, PAUL

99. A first hand list of Army land lords, Special SAT

100. Pakistan struggles with poverty reduction, Nadeem
Iqbal In
its “World Development Indicators-2002”, the World Bank
says that 31 percent of Pakistan’s population lives off
$1 a day, while the percentage of people living below $2
a day is a staggering 84.7 percent.

3 posted on 05/02/2011 1:38:06 AM PDT by JerseyHighlander
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To: JerseyHighlander

The Paki army is the the largest industrial group in the country. The common assumption that somehow the civilian politicians and feudal classes have looted Pakistan or the Islamists will suddenly take over is not exactly supported since the Paki army has its hands in all sectors.

4 posted on 05/02/2011 1:47:33 AM PDT by sukhoi-30mki
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To: JerseyHighlander

Based on that, it sounds like we ought to just nuke the city and FAE bomb all the surrounding villages for X kilometers.

5 posted on 05/02/2011 3:44:39 AM PDT by FreedomPoster (Islam delenda est)
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To: FreedomPoster

We should tell the Pakis to piss off. And if they give us any flak, flatten the entire radius of where Osama was offed for 10 kms.

Some people never learn...

6 posted on 05/02/2011 5:27:01 AM PDT by Bulgaricus1 (Fill your hand you son...)
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To: ATLDiver; Travis McGee; Squantos; SLB; Allegra

This is reasonably interesting. More confirmation of what FReepers have been saying about Pakistan for years. As if finding OBL where we did wasn’t enough . . .

7 posted on 05/02/2011 5:37:21 AM PDT by FreedomPoster (Islam delenda est)
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To: JerseyHighlander; Lancey Howard; P-Marlowe

Osama and his cohorts, given their co-location with Pakistan’s highest level military, had access to nearly all the secrets of the US war on terror. He had access to the billions that the US has sent to Pakistan, access to all levels of surveillance and the technology that does the same.

His location was no accident. Given they found zero communication equipment in his location, it is only reasonable that the Pakistani military capabilities near him were a link in his command and control network.

One report says his compound was not completed until 2005, so GW Bush had 2 years to find it and didn’t. Obama has had 2 years to find it and did.

The Pakistani military, on the other hand, had to have known since before 2005.

8 posted on 05/02/2011 7:28:34 AM PDT by xzins (Retired Army Chaplain & proud of it: Truly Supporting the Troops means praying for their Victory!)
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To: xzins
One report says his compound was not completed until 2005, so GW Bush had 2 years to find it and didn’t. Obama has had 2 years to find it and did.

Poorly stated. More accurately, it took US intelligence five years to find the compound.

9 posted on 05/02/2011 7:57:01 AM PDT by Lancey Howard
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To: Lancey Howard

I can live with that.

10 posted on 05/02/2011 8:21:23 AM PDT by xzins (Retired Army Chaplain & proud of it: Truly Supporting the Troops means praying for their Victory!)
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To: JerseyHighlander
The CIA has had to know all of this. So, for twenty points, WHY has this been kept from the American people?
11 posted on 05/02/2011 8:39:28 AM PDT by Carry_Okie (GunWalker: arning "a civilian national security force that's just as powerful, just as well funded")
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To: xzins; JerseyHighlander; Lancey Howard
One report says his compound was not completed until 2005, so GW Bush had 2 years to find it and didn’t. Obama has had 2 years to find it and did.

Actually I heard (from a reporter that had a telephone conference with "the most senior" administration officials) that they found the compound a couple of years ago (i.e. during the latter days of the Bush Administration), but they were not able to confirm that Bin Laden was physically there until recently.

Most of the intelligence that went into this operation happened under Bush and the principal lead came from none other than KSM, who, during his waterboarding interrogations at GITMO, gave up the names of Bin Laden's most trusted couriers. They then began tracking these couriers which led them to this compound.

12 posted on 05/02/2011 8:57:43 AM PDT by P-Marlowe (LPFOKETT GAHCOEEP-w/o*)
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To: Carry_Okie; xzins
The CIA has had to know all of this. So, for twenty points, WHY has this been kept from the American people?

Because, for the first time in the last 20 years, the CIA was able to keep a secret.

13 posted on 05/02/2011 9:00:41 AM PDT by P-Marlowe (LPFOKETT GAHCOEEP-w/o*)
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To: P-Marlowe

Good post.
Thanks for the info.

14 posted on 05/02/2011 9:30:19 AM PDT by Lancey Howard
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To: FreedomPoster

I think this makes it clear as to why Bin Ladin chose this place. He was truly safe there under the watching eye of the retired Pakistani military.

THere is no other explanation.

15 posted on 05/03/2011 2:27:47 AM PDT by nikos1121
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To: All

BUMP for later reading...!

16 posted on 05/03/2011 8:12:45 PM PDT by MplsSteve
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