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  • There be dragons? Creatures you might find on a real journey to the centre of the Earth

    04/26/2016 7:27:33 PM PDT · by MtnClimber · 33 replies
    The Conversation ^ | 25 Apr, 2016 | Christopher Terrell Nield
    ....Science, of course, has a habit of turning the fantastic into the prosaic. But 150 years on from Verne’s work, researchers have actually begun a project to drill through the Earth’s crust for the first time, hoping to penetrate more than 5km beneath the sea bed to reach the mantle below. Needless to say, it is most unlikely to reveal monsters living inside the Earth. But if we do look down in search of life, what do we find? The best way to find underground creatures is to travel into the depths of a cave. The first things you’re likely...
  • Arctic melt releasing ancient methane

    05/20/2012 10:31:04 AM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 46 replies
    BBC News ^ | 5/20/12 | Richard Black
    Scientists have identified thousands of sites in the Arctic where methane that has been stored for many millennia is bubbling into the atmosphere. The methane has been trapped by ice, but is able to escape as the ice melts. Writing in the journal Nature Geoscience, the researchers say this ancient gas could have a significant impact on climate change. Methane is the second most important greenhouse gas after CO2 and levels are rising after a few years of stability. There are many sources of the gas around the world, some natural and some man-made, such as landfill waste disposal sites...
  • Billions of Tons of Methane Lurk Beneath Antarctic Ice

    08/29/2012 6:47:54 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 60 replies on Yahoo ^ | 8/29/12 | Tia Ghose, LiveScience
    Microbes possibly feeding on the remains of an ancient forest may be generating billions of tons of methane deep beneath Antarctic ice, a new study suggests. The amount of this greenhouse gas — which would exist in the form of a frozen latticelike substance called methane hydrate — lurking beneath the ice sheet rivals that stored in the world's oceans, the researchers said. If the ice sheet collapses, the greenhouse gas could be released into the atmosphere and dramatically worsen global warming, researchers warn in a study published in the Aug. 30 issue of the journal Nature. "There could be...
  • Newly Discovered Methane-Consuming Bacterium Could Help Reduce GHG Emissions ...

    11/26/2007 1:18:22 PM PST · by Red Badger · 33 replies · 157+ views ^ | 11/26/2007 | Staff
    An international team of researchers has discovered a methane-consuming microorganism that lives in extremely acidic conditions. The bacterium could one day be used to reduce methane gas emissions from landfills. It could also help to cut methane emissions from geothermal power stations. Aerobic methanotrophic bacteria (methanotrophs) consume methane diffusing away from methane-producing zones of soil and sediment. Some environments with active methane cycles—such as marshes and peat bogs—are very acidic; however, no cultured methanotroph grows optimally below pH 5. By contrast, the new bacterium is extremely acidophilic, and grows optimally at pH 2.0-2.5. Unlike known methanotrophs, which belong to the...
  • Earth Is An Oil-Producing Machine — We're Not Running Out

    11/06/2015 4:46:41 AM PST · by expat_panama · 161 replies
    Investors Business Daily ^ | 11/04/2015 | KERRY JACKSON
    Ever since M. King Hubbert in the 1950s convinced a lot of people with his "peak oil" theory that production would collapse and we'd eventually exhaust our crude supplies, the clock has been running. And running. And it will continue to run for some time, as technology and new discoveries show that there's still an ocean of oil under our feet. [snip] A BP official told the magazine that "energy resources are plentiful. Concerns over running out of oil and gas have disappeared." Things are so good, in fact, that Engineering and Technology says "with the use of the innovative...
  • New methane organisms discovered

    10/23/2015 2:17:22 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 23 replies ^ | October 23, 2015 | by Gene Tyson & Provided by: University of Queensland
    ===================================================================================================================== Textbooks on methane-metabolising organisms might have to be rewritten after researchers in a University of Queensland-led international project today (23 October) announced the discovery of two new organisms. Deputy Head of UQ's Australian Centre for Ecogenomics in the School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences Associate Professor Gene Tyson said these new organisms played an unknown role in greenhouse gas emissions and consumption. "We sampled the microorganisms in the water from a deep coal seam aquifer 600m below the earth's surface in the Surat Basin, near Roma, Queensland, and reconstructed genomes of organisms able to perform methane metabolism," Associate...
  • Oil-Eating Microbes Have Worldwide Underground Connections

    03/13/2015 12:10:35 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies
    Scientific American ^ | February 15, 2015 | David Biello 
    Living deep underground ain't easy. In addition to hellish temperatures and pressures, there's not a lot to eat. Which is why oil reservoirs are the microbes' cornucopia in this hidden realm. Microbes feast on many oil reservoirs, but it has been unclear how the microorganisms got to those locales. One proposal has been that the microbes colonize a pool of dead algae corpses and then go along for the ride as the pool gets buried deeper and deeper and the algae slowly become oil. That's the so-called "burial and isolation" hypothesis. But under that set of rules each pool of...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- The Mysterious Methane of Mars

    12/24/2014 5:19:45 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    NASA ^ | December 22, 2014 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: What's creating methane on Mars? Recent measurements from the robotic Curiosity rover currently rolling across Mars indicate a surprising 10-fold increase in atmospheric methane between measurements only months apart. Life is a major producer of methane on Earth, and so speculation is rampant that some sort of life -- possibly microbial life -- is creating methane beneath the surface of Mars. Other possibilities do exist, though, with a leading model being the sudden release of methane produced by the mixing of specific soil chemicals with underground water. Proposed origins of Martian methane are depicted in the featured illustration. The...
  • Geologist: Earth has lots and lots of oil (error in DRUDGE story - UPI may fix)

    10/20/2006 6:09:51 PM PDT · by paulat · 46 replies · 1,520+ views
    DRUDGE - UPI ^ | 10/20/06 | Not Listed
    Geologist: Earth has lots and lots of oil SPOKANE, Wash., Oct. 20 (UPI) -- A University of Washington economic geologist says there is lots of crude oil left for human use. Eric Cheney said Friday in a news release that changing economics, technological advances and efforts such as recycling and substitution make the world's mineral resources virtually infinite. For instance, oil deposits unreachable 40 years ago can be tapped using improved technology, and oil once too costly to extract from tar sands, organic matter or coal is now worth manufacturing. Though some resources might be costlier now, they still are...
  • 'Peak oil' doomsayers fall silent as reserves grow ever larger

    04/12/2007 12:07:08 PM PDT · by grundle · 40 replies · 1,667+ views ^ | 11/04/07 | NEIL REYNOLDS
    OTTAWA — You will have noticed the marked decline these days in the number of "peak oil" people making cataclysmic pronouncements. Global oil production set records throughout 2006 -- for all-time highest production day, month, quarter and year. For the single-year record, production reached 31.3 Gb (billion barrels), an average of 85.2 million barrels a day. Affirming the trend, production set a new global single-day record before the end of January, 2007. Along with record-setting production came record-setting increases in reserves -- moving "peak oil" deeper into the century and ultimately beyond. The "peak oil" hypothesis, relentlessly propounded for decades,...
  • What if we don't run out of oil?

    11/15/2005 7:05:19 AM PST · by Dan Evans · 146 replies · 3,719+ views
    WND ^ | November 15, 2005 | Jerome Corsi
    The debate over "Black Gold Stranglehold: The Myth of Scarcity and the Politics of Oil" has begun to take familiar lines. "Peak oil" adherents continue to insist that oil resources worldwide are depleting. This mantra is repeated almost like an article of faith. Ever since M. King Hubbert drew his first "peak-production" curve, statements of this tenet are easy to find. Typically, the "Peak-Production" theory is articulated as so well established that further proof is not needed. "Peak production" statements abound in publication. Consider this example written by an energy consultant in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists: Petroleum reserves...
  • Potential oil supply refill?

    05/28/2002 11:32:25 PM PDT · by kattracks · 31 replies · 1,951+ views
    Washington Times ^ | 5/29/02 | Bruce Bartlett
    <p>On April 16, Newsday, the Long Island newspaper, published a startling report that old oil fields in the Gulf of Mexico were somehow being refilled. That is, new oil was being discovered in fields where it previously had not existed.</p>
  • Finally, an international conference on abiotic oil

    11/23/2005 2:13:47 PM PST · by Dan Evans · 44 replies · 1,187+ views
    WND ^ | November 23, 2005 | Jerome Corsi
    Following the publication of "Black Gold Stranglehold: The Myth of Scarcity and the Politics of Oil," Craig Smith and I have received e-mails from Alexander A. Kitchka, a Russian research scientist who is a member of the National Academy of Science in the Ukrane and the secretary of the Association of Ukranian Geologists. Kitchka's research strongly supports the abiotic, "Deep-Earth" theory of the origin of oil. In October 2005, Kitchka co-chaired a half-day international conference, titled "Origin of Petroleum Conference," held during the annual meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, in Calgary, Canada, June 19-25, 2005. The three...
  • Sea floor records ancient Earth

    03/23/2007 11:06:03 PM PDT · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 66 replies · 4,679+ views
    BBC ^ | Friday, 23 March 2007, 09:09 GMT | Jonathan Fildes Science and technology reporter, BBC News
    The ancient sea floor was discovered in southwest Greenland A sliver of four-billion-year-old sea floor has offered a glimpse into the inner workings of an adolescent Earth.The baked and twisted rocks, now part of Greenland, show the earliest evidence of plate tectonics, colossal movements of the planet's outer shell. Until now, researchers were unable to say when the process, which explains how oceans and continents form, began. The unique find, described in the journal Science, shows the movements started soon after the planet formed. "Since the plate tectonic paradigm is the framework in which we interpret all modern-day geology,...
  • A new potential source of fuel, buried deep underground ~ methane gas created in lab with rocks only

    10/10/2004 11:11:47 PM PDT · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 43 replies · 2,190+ views
    The Wichita Eagle ^ | Thu, Sep. 23, 2004 | BETSY MASON Knight Ridder Newspapers
    WALNUT CREEK, Calif. - (KRT) - Scientists may have discovered a new source of fuel far below the Earth's surface. Fossil fuels get their name from the ancient plants and animals that decayed to form oil, gas and coal. But now scientists have created methane gas without any biological matter, suggesting that the fossil fuel supply may not be entirely dependent on fossils after all.The research opens up the possibility of a vast reservoir of methane gas more than 60 miles below the Earth's surface and could also help scientists hunting for signs of life on Mars and other planets."There...
  • What If Oil Lasts Forever? Fossil fuels may not be finite. This'd be a miracle—and a nightmare

    04/25/2013 1:38:16 PM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 67 replies
    National Journal ^ | April 25, 2013 | Charles C. Mann, The Atlantic
    As the great research ship Chikyu left Shimizu in January to mine the explosive ice beneath the Philippine Sea, chances are good that not one of the scientists aboard realized they might be closing the door on Winston Churchill’s world. Their lack of knowledge is unsurprising; beyond the ranks of petroleum-industry historians, Churchill’s outsize role in the history of energy is insufficiently appreciated. Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty in 1911. With characteristic vigor and verve, he set about modernizing the Royal Navy, jewel of the empire. The revamped fleet, he proclaimed, should be fueled...
  • The Oil Scarcity Myth

    03/17/2012 4:13:24 AM PDT · by Kaslin · 48 replies ^ | March 17, 2012 | Bob Beauprez
    Rapidly rising gas prices at the pump have turned up the heat on Barack Obama.  Interestingly, the Administration that just three years ago said it was committed to policies that would cause energy prices to “skyrocket” and get our gas prices “to the levels in Europe,” now says there isn’t much they can do about rising costs to consumers. One of the many falsehoods that the President and his anti-fossil fuel allies like to perpetuate is that the U.S. is about run out of reserves.  “But you and I both know that with only 2% of the world’s oil reserve,...
  • Energy answers sought in Earth's crust

    08/13/2007 5:57:20 PM PDT · by neverdem · 57 replies · 1,346+ views
    The Washington Times ^ | August 13, 2007 | Eliane Engeler and Alexander G. Higgins
    BASEL, Switzerland (AP) When tremors started cracking walls and bathroom tiles in this Swiss city on the Rhine, engineers knew they had a problem. "The glass vases on the shelf rattled, and there was a loud bang," recalled Catherine Wueest, a tea-shop owner. "I thought a truck had crashed into the building." But the magnitude 3.4 tremor on the evening of Dec. 8 was no ordinary act of nature: It had been accidentally triggered by engineers drilling deep into the Earth's crust to tap its inner heat and thus break new ground — literally — in the world's search for...
  • Hydrocarbons in the deep Earth? (Oil comes from non-plant sources)

    07/27/2009 8:28:57 AM PDT · by ConservativeMind · 75 replies · 1,223+ views ^ | July 26, 2009 | Carnegie Institution
    The oil and gas that fuels our homes and cars started out as living organisms that died, were compressed, and heated under heavy layers of sediments in the Earth's crust. Scientists have debated for years whether some of these hydrocarbons could also have been created deeper in the Earth and formed without organic matter. Now for the first time, scientists have found that ethane and heavier hydrocarbons can be synthesized under the pressure-temperature conditions of the upper mantle —the layer of Earth under the crust and on top of the core. The research was conducted by scientists at the Carnegie...
  • Petroleum age is just beginning

    08/15/2003 9:37:43 AM PDT · by DoctorMichael · 85 replies · 1,078+ views
    Washington Times ^ | 8/15/03 | David Deming
    <p>It is hard to imagine how our grandparents and great-grandparents lived at the end of the 19th century. The United States was still largely a rural society, and the amenities we take for granted today were unknown then.</p> <p>Most people lived on farms. Few Americans had running water, bathtubs, hot water, or flush toilets. Central heating, electricity and telephones were rare. There were no antibiotics. Infant mortality was high, and life expectancy was 30 years lower than it is today. For most people, educational opportunities were very limited. In 1890, only 5 percent of the eligible population attended high school.</p>