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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • 3D CROSSES CZECH BORDER AND BISECTS REICH; MAGDEBURG WON; CANADIANS AT ZUIDER ZEE (4/19/45)

    04/19/2015 7:20:12 AM PDT · 13 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to EternalVigilance
    On April 19, 1775, British and American soldiers exchanged fire in the Massachusetts towns of Lexington and Concord.

    I'll have to go back to my older news reports. As I recall, Gene Currivan wrote the first hand report and Drew Middleton provided the big picture from HQ. Hanson W. Baldwin followed up with an analysis.

  • 3D CROSSES CZECH BORDER AND BISECTS REICH; MAGDEBURG WON; CANADIANS AT ZUIDER ZEE (4/19/45)

    04/19/2015 5:29:18 AM PDT · 10 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick
    Top right on page 6, the liberation of the “legless ace.”

    Douglas Bader got a bit of coverage on these threads back in 1940 during the Battle of Britain. He was a bit of a thorn in Marshal Dowding's side. I posted excerpts from "With Wings Like Eagles: The Untold Story of the Battle of Britain," by Michael Korda. It is a good account of the BoB.

  • 3D CROSSES CZECH BORDER AND BISECTS REICH; MAGDEBURG WON; CANADIANS AT ZUIDER ZEE (4/19/45)

    04/19/2015 4:30:01 AM PDT · 7 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/3/19.htm

    April 19th, 1945 (THURSDAY)
    GERMANY: In the west, the U.S. First Army nears its final stop line in central Germany as it captures Leipzig and Halle. Eisenhower has ordered the First and Ninth Armies to halt along the Elbe and Mulde rivers and let the Red Army overrun areas that will be part of the post-war Soviet occupation zone. Leipzig is taken.

    In the east, Zhukov’s army crashes through German defences and swarms to within 20 miles (32 km) of Berlin’s eastern suburbs.

    Konev’s army threatens southern Berlin.

    The British 2nd Army reaches the Elbe River south of Namburg.

    German Field Marshall Model commits suicide.

    Patton’s US forces cross the Czech border.

    Final German surrenders in the Ruhr pocket total 325,000.

    The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 961: 605 B-17s and 584 P-51s are dispatched to make visual attacks on rail targets in south-eastern Germany and north-western Czechoslovakia; they claim 18-1-5 Luftwaffe aircraft; 5 B-17s and 2 P-51s are lost:

    - 135 B-17s bomb the Elsterwerda marshalling yards while 143 bomb the Falkenberg marshalling yards. Escorting are 191 P-51s that claim 5-0-0 aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost.

    - Of 321 B-17s dispatched, 115 hit the railroad industry and rail bridge at Pirna while 87 hit Karlsbad and 109 bomb the marshalling yard at Aussig; they claim 6-1-2 aircraft; 5 B-17s are lost. The escort is 197 P-51s; they claim 7-0-3 aircraft.

    Ninth Air Force bombers hit marshalling yards at Ulm, Neu Ulm, and Gunzburg (primary targets), the city of Donauworth and a target of opportunity at Schelklingen; weather prevents 70+ of the 450+ dispatched aircraft from bombing targets; fighters fly escort to the bombers, carry out patrols and armed reconnaissance, bomb a radio station, and cooperate with the US VII Corps in the Halle-Dessau area, the XII Corps attacking southeast from south of Bayreuth, the XX Corps in the Bamberg-Nurnberg area, preparing to drive toward Austria, and the XIX Corps along the Elbe River in the Magdeburg area.

    Fifteenth Air Force heavy bombers Bischofshofen and Rosenheim while 78 P-38s dive-bomb the marshalling yard at Weilheim.

    AUSTRIA: Fifteenth Air Force B-17s and B-24s bomb the Rattenberg railroad bridge and marshalling yards at Lienz, Klagenfurt and Linz.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Eighth Air Force fighter pilots shoot down five Me 262 jet fighters between 1150 and 1300 hours local.
    NORWAY: During the night of 19/20 April, 11 Eighth Air Force B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions; 2 B-24s are lost.

    ITALY: The US Fifth Army breaks out of the Apennines onto the Po plateau.

    During the night of 18/19 April, Twelfth Air Force A-20s and A-26 Invaders bomb roads, vehicles, and lights in the Bologna, Turin, Milan, and Mantua areas, and continuing to attack Po River crossings, hit 8 bridges; B-25s and B-26s bomb bridges in the Brenner Pass and support ground forces at several points including Budrio, Vignola, and San Martino in the Soverzano areas; fighter-bombers hit dumps, communications, and close support targets in the US Fifth Army battle areas south and west of Bologna.

    Fifteenth Air Force bombers attack the Avisio viaduct, the Vipiteno railroad bridge, Anti-Aircraft batteries near Grisolera and Santo Stino di Livenza, and several minor targets of opportunity.

    CHINA: 12 Fourteenth Air Force B-24s bomb railway repair shops at Taiyuan; 3 others attack targets of opportunity in Bakli Bay on Hainan Island, 8 B-25s attack bridges and rail and road traffic north and northeast of Anyang and northeast of Taiku, damaging or destroying several locomotives and numerous boxcars; 100+ P-40s, P-51s, and P-47s attack town areas, troops, river, road, and rail traffic, and general targets of opportunity all over southern and eastern China and hit a few targets of opportunity in northern French Indochina.

    BURMA: Pyinmana in the Sittang Valley falls to the 5th Indian Division.

    XXXIII Corps clears the Mt. Popo area.

    Magwe falls to the British 20th Indian Division.

    14 Tenth Air Force P-38s hit supplies near Paklu, a fuel dump at Hainang, and bridges near Kunna; 1 bridge is knocked out; 6 other P-38s attack targets of opportunity along roads behind enemy lines; air supply operations continue as 800 tons of supplies are landed or dropped in forward areas.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: US I Corps takes Vigan, Luzon.

    Numerous missions are flown by the Far East Air Forces A-20s, B-24s and B-25s in support of ground forces on Luzon, Cebu, and Negros Islands. On Mindanao Island, Thirteenth Air Force B-24s bomb personnel areas at Kabacan, Cagayan, and along the Davao River. USMC SBD Dauntlesses attack IJA positions on Jolo Island. B-25s and USMC F4U Corsairs and SBDs sweep highways and road on Mindanao.

    FORMOSA: Fifth Air Force B-24s bomb Tainan Airfield and Shinchiku town.

    JAPAN: While serving as a radio operator on board a B-29 Superfortress over Koriyama, Henry Eugene “Red” Erwin, of Leeds, Alabama, was responsible for dropping phosphorus smoke bombs. One of the bombs exploded in the launching chute. The burning phosphorus bomb shot back into the interior of the aircraft, striking him in the face and obliterating his nose and completely blinding him.

    Erwin realised that the aircraft and crew would be lost if the burning bomb remained in the plane. He picked it up and instinctively crawled toward the co-pilot’s window. Erwin located the window and threw the bomb out. Engulfed in flames, he fell back upon the floor.

    The smoke cleared and the pilot pulled the plane out of its dive at 300 feet. Erwin’s gallantry and heroism went above and beyond the call of duty and saved the lives of his comrades, according to the citation for his subsequent Medal of Honor. (MOH) (Air Force Print News)

    The Seventh Air Force flies Very Long Range Mission 4:

    104 P-51s based on Iwo Jima fly a fighter sweep to Atsugi and Yokusuka Airfields; they claim 23-0-7 aircraft in the air and 14-0-23 on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost.

    Eight Eleventh Air Force B-25s off to bomb Kurile Island targets abort due to weather.

    Iva Toguri, a Japanese-American marries Felipe D’Aquino, a Portuguese, registering with the Portuguese consulate in Tokyo and Toguri declining to take her husband’s citizenship.

    OKINAWA: An enormous bombardment precedes attacks on the Shuri Line, but the 7th, 27th and 96th Infantry Divisions make small gains and suffer severe losses. The 1st and 6th Marine divisions complete occupation of north and central Okinawa.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: US submarines sink 9 Japanese vessels at sea:

    - Submarine USS Cero (SS-225) sinks a guardboat south of Japan.

    - Submarine USS Sennet (SS-408), attacking a convoy in Kii Suido

    off the south coast of Kyushu, sinks an auxiliary submarine chaser and a merchant cargo ship.

    - Submarine USS Silversides (SS-236) sinks a guardboat .

    - Submarine USS Sunfish (SS-281) attacks a convoy off Hokkaido, sinking a gunboat and a merchant cargo.

    - Submarine USS Trutta (SS-421) sinks a merchant vessel and two merchant fishing boats.

    PALAU ISLANDS: 25 Seventh Air Force B-24s, based in the Palau islands, bomb nearby Arakabesan and Koror Islands.

    BONIN ISLANDS: 8 Seventh Air Force P-51s from Iwo Jima bomb and strafe Futamiko in the Bonin Islands. During the night of 19/20 April, 6 P-61 Black Widows from Iwo Jima, operating singly and at intervals, bomb and strafe Chichi, Haha, and Muko Jima Islands.

    BORNEO: Thirteenth Air Force B-25s attack Tarakan while B-24s bomb Sandakan.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: 17 Seventh Air Force B-24s from Guam bomb Dublon, Fefan and Eten Islands in Truk Atoll.

    U.S.A.: The musical “Carousel”, based on Molnarís “Liliom,” opens at the Majestic Theatre in New York City. John Raitt and Jan Clayton starred in the show which ran for 890 performances. Music was by the team of Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein.

  • 3D CROSSES CZECH BORDER AND BISECTS REICH; MAGDEBURG WON; CANADIANS AT ZUIDER ZEE (4/19/45)

    04/19/2015 4:28:52 AM PDT · 6 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Allies Widen Hold (Middleton) – 2-4
    A Jersey Cowboy Rides the German Plains (photo) – 4
    Yanks in Leipzig Fight for Bridge (Graham) – 4
    Magdeburg Taken; Prisoners Flow In (MacCormac) – 5
    The American Ninth Army Moves into Magdeburg (page 1 photo) – 5
    American Captives Starved by Nazis – 6
    Our Fighting Men, Once Prisoners in Germany, Return (photo) – 6
    Americans Seize Murderer of 1,000 – 7
    Reich ‘Gas’ Output is Cut 96% by Bombs – 7
    Both Armies Gain in Bologna Drive (Bracker) – 8
    Russians See Goal – 9
    Okinawa North Tip Reached; Resistance on Ie Stiffens (Jones) – 10-11
    Two New Landings Join on Mindanao (Parrott) – 11
    Royal Navy Fliers Rule Formosa Sky (by Robert Trumbull) – 12
    War News Summarized – 12
    Ernie Pyle is Killed on Ie Island; Foe Fired When All Seemed Safe – 13-15
    Famous War Correspondent Ten Days before He Met Death (photos) – 14
    East Asia Program Fails, Domei Says – 17
    ‘Battle of Pockets’ Ahead (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 17
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 18-20
  • 3D CROSSES CZECH BORDER AND BISECTS REICH; MAGDEBURG WON; CANADIANS AT ZUIDER ZEE (4/19/45)

    04/19/2015 4:27:05 AM PDT · 5 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Two audio clips today. The first is a report from Belsen concentration camp (1:12). Then, for you German-speakers out there, a birthday tribute to the Fuehrer from a loyal follower (3:29).

    Richard Dimbleby, BBC

    Joseph Goebbels

  • 3D CROSSES CZECH BORDER AND BISECTS REICH; MAGDEBURG WON; CANADIANS AT ZUIDER ZEE (4/19/45)

    04/19/2015 4:26:27 AM PDT · 4 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 0419-allies24_zpsq4zmqczb.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • 3D CROSSES CZECH BORDER AND BISECTS REICH; MAGDEBURG WON; CANADIANS AT ZUIDER ZEE (4/19/45)

    04/19/2015 4:25:38 AM PDT · 3 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • 3D CROSSES CZECH BORDER AND BISECTS REICH; MAGDEBURG WON; CANADIANS AT ZUIDER ZEE (4/19/45)

    04/19/2015 4:24:35 AM PDT · 2 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0419-allies21_zpsy8sce0ho.jpg
  • 3D CROSSES CZECH BORDER AND BISECTS REICH; MAGDEBURG WON; CANADIANS AT ZUIDER ZEE (4/19/45)

    04/19/2015 4:23:46 AM PDT · 1 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BRITISH ARMY 25 MILES FROM HAMBURG; U.S. THRUST TOWARD BERLIN IS AT A HALT (4/18/45)

    04/18/2015 5:33:01 AM PDT · 11 of 51
    Homer_J_Simpson to central_va

    You’re right. April 14.

  • BRITISH ARMY 25 MILES FROM HAMBURG; U.S. THRUST TOWARD BERLIN IS AT A HALT (4/18/45)

    04/18/2015 5:01:17 AM PDT · 8 of 51
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/3/18.htm

    April 18th, 1945 (WEDNESDAY)

    NETHERLANDS: The Wehrmacht’s Army Group H is cut off when the Canadian 2nd Army reaches the Zuider Zee.

    GERMANY: Heligoland: The RAF drops 5,000 tons of bombs on the island; German marines who arrange a peaceful handover of the island to British forces are shot by the SS as mutineers.

    Berlin: Goebbels burns his office files.

    The citizens of Berlin, like their Führer, are taking refuge from impending disaster underground. As the Allied armies close in on their city they leave their cellars and dugouts only to fetch vital supplies of food and water. But the basic essentials are running short in Berlin and people often queue for hours - in the dead of night before the Russian bombardment begins at 5am - just in the hope of a loaf of bread. They are also taking refuge from their own people - from the SS which is reportedly shooting people on the spot on the accusation that they are “defeatists”, or rounding them up to join the Volkstürm in the last desperate defence of the Reich. Many are now waiting only to surrender.

    The U.S. Army 8th Division is assigned Military occupation of a sector of the Ruhr - Rhine area. This sector includes the Wuppertal, Dusseldorf, Wissen and Mulheim areas. Some officers from all units attached to the division are temporarily assigned to the Military Government section to help administer such a large area. The primary problem is that of Displaced Persons (DPs). Russian, Polish, Italian, French and other nationalities were used as slave labour in the Ruhr region. Freed DPs begin looting and pillaging both as a means of survival and revenge. Some acts of violence take place within the 8th Division area. DP camps are set up, and DPs fed and clothed (from German stores) which brings the situation under control Other than several cases of typhus reported in the town of Siegburg, no serious epidemics are reported. (Greisbach, pp.92-93)(Greg Canellis)

    In the West, the British Second Army captures Ülzen and Lüneburg; resistance in the Ruhr ends as the US First Army rounds up 325,000 Germans; and the US Third Army captures Nürnberg and advances into Bohemia.

    In the East, the Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front captures Forst on the Neisse River; north of Frankfurt, the Soviet 1st Belorussian Front continues its attack to take the Seelow Heights, gradually wearing down the outnumbered German defenders.

    During Eighth Air Force Mission 959:

    - 174 B-17s bomb the secondary target, the marshalling yard at Straubing without loss. 99 P-51s escort.

    - 166 B-24s bomb the marshalling yard while 28 attack the rail bridge and rail industry at Passau without loss. Escorting are 240 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 12-0-8 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost.

    - 9 B-17s bomb the electrical transformers and 56 attack the marshalling yard at Traunstein while 148 hit the marshalling yard and electrical transformers at Rosenheim; 61 hit the secondary, the marshalling yard at Freising. 139 P-51s escort.

    About 590 Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauders, A-26 Invaders and A-20s attack oil storage at Neuburg an der Donau, marshalling yards at Juterbog and Nordlingen, and rail junctions at Falkenburg and Juterbog; fighters escort the bombers, fly patrols, sweeps, and armed reconnaissance, attack assigned targets, and support ground forces including the US V Corps assaulting Leipzig, the VII Corps in the Dessau-Halle areas, the 5th Armored Division near Steimke, and the 2d Armored Division at Magdeburg and other XIX Corps elements astride the Elbe River south of Barby; organized German resistance in the Ruhr pocket ceases.

    WESTERN EUROPE: Patton’s US 3rd Army crosses the Czech frontier.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: During Eighth Air Force Mission 959: 97 B-17s bomb the marshalling yard at Kollin while 21 others hit the secondary, the marshalling yard at Pilzen. The escort is 157 P-51s; they claim 3-0-4 aircraft in the air; 1 P-51 is lost.

    ITALY: During the night of 17/18 April, Twelfth Air Force A-20s and A-26s pound communications in the southern Po Valley and the towns of Vignola, Bazzano, and Sassuolo in the US Fifth Army battle area; B-25s and B-26s hit 2 railroad fills and a bridge on the southern Brenner line and troop concentrations on the US Fifth and British Eighth Army fronts, southwest of Bologna and in the Dugnano Paderno area; fighter-bombers of the XXII Tactical Air Command also concentrate on support targets in the Fifth Army battle area.

    473 Fifteenth Air Force B-24s and B-17s, with an escort of 89 P-51s, support the US Fifth Army offensive in the Bologna area, blasting defensive positions and communications in areas around the city; 78 P-38s dive-bomb a railroad bridge at Malborghetta Valbruna, while 87 others dive-bomb 2 railroad bridges at and southeast of Kolbnitz, Austria.

    CHINA: 3 Fourteenth Air Force B-25s hit trucks and other targets of opportunity east of Siangtan; 52 P-51s and P-40s attack river shipping, town areas, rail and road traffic, tanks, and bridges at several southern and eastern China locations including Sinhwa, Hengyang, Changsha, Luchai, Paoching, Kweiyang, Yenkou, Sinning, and Siangtan.

    BURMA: 21 Tenth Air Force P-38s attack a troop concentration, tanks, artillery positions, and a bivouac area near Man Li and Kongsam; 5 P-61 Black Widows hit a supply area west of Laihka; transports land or drop 806 tons of supplies at forward bases and frontline areas.

    JAPAN: Ryukyu Islands: Ie Shima: Pulitzer Prize-winning war correspondent, Ernie Pyle is killed today by Japanese machine-gun fire. The war correspondent who, more than any other, brought the reality of war, the mud, the blood and the agony, into the American home, died among the ordinary GIs whose cause became his own personal battle; and it is those GIs who will mourn him most. American infantrymen braved enemy fire to recover Pyle’s body. For most of the war, Pyle had followed US servicemen in North Africa, Sicily, Italy and France, including the D-Day landing. But he started covering the London Blitz in 1941. He moved to the Pacific theatre after taking a rest in America. Ernest Taylor Pyle was 44. A monument exists to him to this day on Ie Shima, describing him simply as “a buddy”.

    Off Okinawa, the battleship USS New York (BB-34) is damaged by a kamikaze.

    The Japanese submarine I-56 is sunk by five USN destroyers and a TBM Avenger of Torpedo Squadron Forty Seven (VT-47) in the light aircraft carrier USS Bataan (CVL-29) 150 miles (241 km) east of Okinawa at 26.42N, 130.38E.

    JAPAN: The XXI Bomber Command flies Missions 76 to 81. 112 B-29 Superfortresses hit Japanese airfields at Tachiarai, Izumi, Kokubu, Nittagahara, and 2 at Kanoya, the same targets attacked yesterday; 13 other B-29s hit targets of opportunity; 2 B-29s are lost.

    BONIN ISLANDS: During the night of 18/19 April, 3 VII Fighter Command P-61s based on Iwo Jima, flying individual strikes, bomb and strafe Futamiko and the radio station on Chichi Jima.

    BORNEO: Far East Air Force B-25s and P-38s attack Tarakan and Sandakan.

    FORMOSA: Far East Air Forces B-25s bomb Karenko Airfield, B-24s bit Tainan, Giran, Toyohara, Hobi, and Soton Airfields, and P-38s on sweeps hit rail and road transportation.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Japanese vessels sunk at sea:

    - Submarine HIJMS I-56 is sunk 150 miles (241 km) east of Okinawa by destroyers USS Heermann (DD-532), USS McCord (DD-534), USS Mertz (DD-691), and USS Collett (DD-730), assisted by destroyer USS Uhlmann (DD-687) and TBM Avengers from Torpedo Squadron Forty Seven (VT 47) in the light aircraft carrier USS Bataan (CVL-29).

    - Submarine HIJMS RO 46 is sunk 500 yards (457 meters) off Wake Island by submarine USS Sea Owl (SS-405).

    - A mine sinks a transport near the western entrance to Shimonoseki Strait, Japan.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINE: Far East Air Forces fighter bombers and A-20s hit the Balete Pass area and support ground forces on Luzon, Negros, and Cebu Islands. B-24s bomb Piso Point on Mindanao.

    U.S.A.: In baseball, the St. Louis Browns’ Pete Gray, an one-arm outfielder, makes his major league debut with one hit in four at-bats in a 7-1 victory over the Detroit Tigers. Gray played in 77 games for the Browns in 1945 and batted .218 for the season.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: Two armed U.S. merchant freighters are sunk by German submarines:

    - SS Cyrus H. McCormack, while in convoy HX 348, is torpedoed and sunk by U-1107 70 miles (113 km) southwest of Brest, France.

    - SS Swiftscout is torpedoed by U-548 about 145 miles (223 km) northeast of Cape Henry, Virginia; Armed Guard gunfire drives the attacker down, but U-548 returns to torpedo the ship a second time, sinking her.

  • BRITISH ARMY 25 MILES FROM HAMBURG; U.S. THRUST TOWARD BERLIN IS AT A HALT (4/18/45)

    04/18/2015 5:00:17 AM PDT · 7 of 51
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Hem In Reich Ports – 2-4
    The Famous Zeiss Plant at Jena in Ruins (photo) – 4
    Halt at the Elbe Laid to Logistics (Middleton) – 4-5
    Nazi Death Factory Shocks Germans on a Forced Tour (Currivan) – 5-6
    ‘Special Enemies’ of Reich Freed From Gestapo Grip by 1st Army – 6
    1st Army Tightens Arc about Leipzig (Graham) – 7
    Patton, Hodges Due for 4 Stars – 7
    Fliers ‘Kill’ 440 More Nazi Planes; 8th Bombs Dresden-Prague Rails (Gruson) – 8
    German Industry Worries French (Callender) – 8
    War News Summarized – 8
    Bologna Periled from Two Sides (Bracker) – 9
    Russians Hide Aim – 10
    Big 4 Ministers Plan Early Talks – 10
    Infantry Rings Foe on Ie, Off Okinawa (by George E. Jones) – 11
    Suicide Plane Is Reported Built By Japanese for Dives at Ships – 12
    U.S. Forces Rescue 7,000 from Baguio – 12
    Manila Butchery by Japanese Bared – 12
    Army Begins Shift to Pacific Front (by Sidney Shalett) – 13
    $1,200,000 Sought for Relief in India – 13
    Hurley Will Seek to Unify Chinese – 13
    Churchill Eulogizes Roosevelt As Best U.S. Friend to Britain (by Clifton Daniel) – 14-16
    Arriving for President Roosevelt Memorial Services (photos) – 14-15
    A Job for Mr. Byrnes (by Arthur Krock) – 17
    Okinawa Campaign (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 18
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 19-21
    Books of the Times (by Orville Prescott) – 22
  • BRITISH ARMY 25 MILES FROM HAMBURG; U.S. THRUST TOWARD BERLIN IS AT A HALT (4/18/45)

    04/18/2015 4:58:58 AM PDT · 6 of 51
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from April 13.

     photo 0418-hem in29_zps8ultvcgh.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • BRITISH ARMY 25 MILES FROM HAMBURG; U.S. THRUST TOWARD BERLIN IS AT A HALT (4/18/45)

    04/18/2015 4:57:54 AM PDT · 5 of 51
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from April 12.

     photo 0418-hem in26_zps7luhhhju.jpg

     photo 0418-hem in27_zpssejgfqny.jpg

     photo 0418-hem in28_zpsdes8dn9y.jpg

    Stephen E. Ambrose, Band of Brothers

  • BRITISH ARMY 25 MILES FROM HAMBURG; U.S. THRUST TOWARD BERLIN IS AT A HALT (4/18/45)

    04/18/2015 4:56:04 AM PDT · 4 of 51
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from April 12.

     photo 0418-hem in25_zpsretugagp.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • BRITISH ARMY 25 MILES FROM HAMBURG; U.S. THRUST TOWARD BERLIN IS AT A HALT (4/18/45)

    04/18/2015 4:54:49 AM PDT · 3 of 51
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BRITISH ARMY 25 MILES FROM HAMBURG; U.S. THRUST TOWARD BERLIN IS AT A HALT (4/18/45)

    04/18/2015 4:53:48 AM PDT · 2 of 51
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Southern Okinawa: Naha-Shuri-Yonabaru, 1945 – XXIV Corps Operations, 9 April-6 May 1945
    Okinawa, Ryukyus Islands, 1945: Japanese Thirty Second Army Defensive Dispositions, 1 April 1945
    Luzon, P.I., 1941: Final Operations on Luzon, 3 February-20 July 1945
    Southeast Asia, 1941: Final Allied Offensives in the Southwest Pacific Area 19 February-1 July 1945
    Germany, 1944: Reduction of the Ruhr Pocket and Advance to Elbe and Mulde Rivers, Operations 5-18 April 1945
    Northern Italy, 1944: Allied Plan of Attack, 1 April 1945, and situation 20 April, Showing Gains Since 2 April
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War
    Southern Asia, 1941: Third Burma Campaign-Allied Victory, April-May 1945
  • BRITISH ARMY 25 MILES FROM HAMBURG; U.S. THRUST TOWARD BERLIN IS AT A HALT (4/18/45)

    04/18/2015 4:52:19 AM PDT · 1 of 51
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • TRUMAN ASKS WORLD UNITY TO KEEP PEACE; 7TH IN NUREMBERG; SOVIET PUSH REPORTED (4/17/45)

    04/17/2015 4:19:02 AM PDT · 7 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/3/17.htm

    April 17th, 1945 (TUESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: 981 of 1,054 Eighth Air Force B-17s and B-24s bomb rail targets in south-eastern Germany and Czechoslovakia; 756 of the 816 P-47s and P-51 dispatched escort the bombers and then attack ground targets.

    GERMANY: Large scale German surrenders begin in the Ruhr area.

    Allied bombing has destroyed over a thousand Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground as US troops reach Magdeburg.

    The Ninth Air Force’s 9th Bombardment Division attacks the defended city of Magdeburg (including numerous gun positions in the area), marshalling yard and ordnance depot at Aalen, marshalling yard and ordnance depot at Tubingen, and ordnance depot at Ravensburg; fighters fly escort to the bombers, fly patrols, area cover, and armed reconnaissance, hit airfields at Marianske Lazne and Michalovy Hory, and support the US 3d Armored Division mopping up south of the Elbe River and west of the Mulde River near Dessau, the 9th Armored Division along the Mulde east of Leipzig, the VIII Corps in the Greiz-Zwickau area, the XX Corps southwest of Chemnitz, the 5th Armored Division at the Knesebeck Forest, south of Wittingen, and the 2d Armored Division opening an assault on Magdeburg.

    Bergen-Belsen: There is a pile of naked female corpses here, 80 yards long by 30 yards wide and four feet high. You can’t see any faces; just bony elbows, knees and buttocks or twisted hands and feet. It looks like the overladen counter of an insane butcher’s shop where flies dance on the mound of greying flesh.

    It is two days since the British Army agreed a truce with the local German commander which enabled them to enter the camp peacefully. The Hungarian army guards who stayed on duty “to prevent a mass breakout”, have shot dead 83 prisoners for minor offences. Now the British are in full control, and a Jewish sergeant, Norman Turgel, has arrested Josef Kramer, the camp’s commandant.

    Kramer’s men have been disarmed and put to work burying the estimated ten thousand dead lying around the camp. They have to be locked up to protect them from the vengeance of prisoners. Yesterday seven Kapos [prisoner-guards] were savagely beaten to death.

    About 30,000 victims, mostly Jews, gypsies and political prisoners, are still alive, but raging epidemics of typhus and dysentery threaten to finish off the deadly work that the Nazis started. British medical staff are now struggling to save lives and halt the spread of disease. Derrick Sington, the first British officer to enter the camp, told how a Hungarian-Jewish girl took him to a clearing: “Three hundred yards away was a mound of bodies, six feet high. A crosswind was blowing and carrying into our nostrils the stench of putrefying flesh.”

    U.S. Lieutenant Colonel Boris T. Pash commandeers over half a ton of uranium at Strassfut, in an effort to prevent the Soviets from developing an A-bomb. Pash was head of the Alsos Group, organized to search for German scientists in the post-war environment in order to prevent the Soviets, previously Allies but now a potential threat, from capturing any scientists and putting them to work at their own atomic research plants. Uranium piles were also rich “catches,” as they were necessary to the development of atomic weapons.

    The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 957: 1,054 bombers and 816 fighters are dispatched to hit rail targets in eastern Germany and western Czechoslovakia (see above); 50 Luftwaffe fighters are encountered, mostly jets and the AAF claims a total of 300-0-119 aircraft destroyed on the ground and in the air (including 4 jets); 8 bombers and 17 fighters are lost.

    - 152 B-17s bomb the rail centre at Dresden and 276 bomb the marshalling yard at Dresden; they claim 1-0-1 aircraft; 6 B-17s are lost. Escorting are 230 P-51s; they claim 2-0-3 aircraft in the air and 91-0-37 on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost.

    - 76 B-17s bomb the Dresden area and 86 attack the rail junction and station at Aussig; 86 hit the secondary target, the marshalling yard at Dresden; 2 B-17s are lost. 265 P-51s escort claiming 11-0-2 aircraft in the air and 142-0-47 on the ground; 14 P-51s are lost.

    - 55 B-24s hit the rail centre and junction at Fischern while 37 bomb the rail junction and bridge at Falkenau. The escort is 228 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 53-0-29 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost.

    AUSTRIA: 147 Fifteenth Air Force P-38s dive-bomb railroad bridges at Seefeld and Mariahof.

    CENTRAL EUROPE: Fifteenth Air Force P-51s, with 10 flying top cover, strafe targets of opportunity in the Munich, Germany, Plzen, Czechoslovakia, and Linz, Austria areas.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: During the Eighth Air Force’s Mission 957, 115 B-17s bomb an oil depot and marshalling yard at Roundnice and 36 B-24s bomb the rail junction and industry at Kladno and 61 bomb the railroad, rail industry and marshalling yard at Beroun.

    ITALY: The British V Corps captures Argenta.

    During the night of 16/17 April, Twelfth Air Force A-20s and A-26 Invaders hit Po River crossings and several towns west and southwest of Bologna; during the day B-25s successfully attack 4 Reno River bridges near Bologna and close support targets on the British Eighth Army front to the southwest, and extensively damage 4 bridges in northern Italy and Austria on the Brenner rail line; XXII Tactical Air Command fighters and fighter-bombers concentrate on close support of the US Fifth Army south and west of Bologna.

    The Fifteenth Air Force dispatches 751 B-24s and B-17s, in support of the US Fifth Army, to hit troop concentrations, supply dumps, gun positions, and HQ immediately south and southwest of Bologna; 143 P-51s provide escort.

    CHINA: The Fourteenth Air Force dispatches 4 B-25s and 4 P-51s to attack river shipping south of Yiyang; 6 B-25s bomb the area around Kwangsi University at Liang-feng; 2 B-24s bomb the Bakli Bay dock area on Hainan Island; 70+ P-51s and P-40s hit troops, town areas, road traffic, river shipping, and general targets of opportunity at several locations in southern and eastern China including Changsha, Sinning, Sinhwa, Yiyang, Tungting Lake, Paoching, Yungfengshih, Shanhsien, Lingling, Pingsiang, Tsinkong, and Hochih.

    BURMA: 18 Tenth Air Force fighter-bombers hit troops and supplies near Mong Kung and Wan Hpun; 12 others attack vehicles and other targets of opportunity along roads south of the bomb line; 489 transport sorties are completed to forward areas throughout the day.

    FORMOSA: Far East Air Forces B-24s bomb Taichu, Shinshoshi, Toyohara, and Okayama Airfields and B-25s hit the airfield at Taito.

    JAPAN: The XXI Bomber Command flies Missions 70 to 75: 118 B-29 Superfortresses bomb airfields at Tachiarai, Kokubu, Izumi, Nittagahara, and 2 at Kanoya; 5 others attack targets of opportunity; beginning on this date and continuing through 11 May, XXI Bomber Command devotes about 75 per cent of its combat effort to support of the Okinawa campaign; during this period the B-29s fly more than 2,100 sorties against 17 airfields on Kyushu and Shikoku Islands which are dispatching air attacks (including Kamikaze raids) against USN and USMC forces.

    OKINAWA: Off Okinawa, destroyer USS Benham (DD-796) is damaged by kamikaze and by friendly fire.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: In Operation VICTOR FIVE, the U.S. Army’s X Corps consisting of the 24th and 31st Infantry Division is landed on Mindanao Island, Philippine Islands, near Malabang, Parang and Cotabato. The landings are supported by the cruisers and destroyers of Task Group 74.2.

    The 24th Infantry Division lands near Malabang, Parang, and Cotabato on Mindanao Island by a naval attack group (Rear Admiral Albert G. Noble); the landings are supported by cruiser and destroyer gunfire and USMC aircraft (30 F4U Corsairs and 35 SBD Dauntlesses).

    The defenders do not make a determined stand.

    Far East Air Forces flies numerous sweeps and sorties in support of ground forces in Luzon, Cebu, Negros, and Mindanao Islands and the Sulu Archipelago. B-24s over Mindanao bomb Cotabato and Kabacan.

    BONIN ISLANDS: 18 VII Fighter Command P-51s flying two strikes from Iwo Jima, attack vessels at Futamiko on Chichi Jima.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Four Japanese ships are sunk at sea:

    - Mines sink a guardboat off Goto Rette.

    - A USN PB4Y-1 Liberator of Patrol Bombing Squadron One Hundred Eleven (VPB-111) based at Palawan AAFld in the Philippines, sinks a cargo ship off the coast of Malaya.

    - A mine laid by USAAF B-29 sinks a cargo ship off Shanghai, China.

    - A mine laid by USAAF B-29 sinks a cargo ship off Wada Misaki light, Japan.

    Japanese submarine RO.56 is sunk by the USS Sea Owl (SS-405) north of Marshall Islands. (Mike Yared)(144 and 145)

    U.S.A.: Pete Gray, the one-armed Outfielder, plays his Major League debut game with the St. Louis Browns. He singles once, off Les Mueller, in four at bats, and handles no chances in the outfield. St. Louis beats the Detroit Tigers 7-1, for their 9th straight Opening Day win, a major-league record that the 1975-83 New York Mets will tie. (Rodney Sanders)

  • TRUMAN ASKS WORLD UNITY TO KEEP PEACE; 7TH IN NUREMBERG; SOVIET PUSH REPORTED (4/17/45)

    04/17/2015 4:17:34 AM PDT · 6 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    States His Policy (Kluckhohn) – 2
    Nazi Base Entered – 3-4
    Military Hospital to Become Refuge (MacCormac) – 5
    Foe’s Bordeaux Pockets Shrink; French Mop Up Royan, Drive On – 5
    2 GI’s Find Nazi Jet Plane Plant In Salt Mine at 950-Foot Level – 5-6
    Luftwaffe is ‘Out’ – 6
    Allies’ Italy Push Captures Vergato (Bracker) – 7
    Airborne Russians Said to Leap Ring – 8-9
    Berliners Termed Ripe for Rebellion (by Olle Ollen, first-time contributor) – 9
    War News Summarized – 9
    368 Enemy Planes Wrecked in Pacific – 10
    Saved from Death – 10
    Americans Draw Nearer to Baguio – 10
    Long British Fight Wins Burma Port (Durdin) – 11
    The War in Burma (Baldwin) – 12
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 13-15
  • TRUMAN ASKS WORLD UNITY TO KEEP PEACE; 7TH IN NUREMBERG; SOVIET PUSH REPORTED (4/17/45)

    04/17/2015 4:16:24 AM PDT · 5 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    In this soundbite the new President talks about the passing of his predecessor (3:35).

    President Truman

  • TRUMAN ASKS WORLD UNITY TO KEEP PEACE; 7TH IN NUREMBERG; SOVIET PUSH REPORTED (4/17/45)

    04/17/2015 4:15:42 AM PDT · 4 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The first excerpt below is continued from April 12. The short one at the end is continued from yesterday.

    1

     photo 0417-states18_zpsehi4gndp.jpg

    2

     photo 0417-states19_zpskhudlhv7.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • TRUMAN ASKS WORLD UNITY TO KEEP PEACE; 7TH IN NUREMBERG; SOVIET PUSH REPORTED (4/17/45)

    04/17/2015 4:14:04 AM PDT · 3 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • TRUMAN ASKS WORLD UNITY TO KEEP PEACE; 7TH IN NUREMBERG; SOVIET PUSH REPORTED (4/17/45)

    04/17/2015 4:12:47 AM PDT · 2 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Southern Okinawa: Naha-Shuri-Yonabaru, 1945 – XXIV Corps Operations, 9 April-6 May 1945
    Okinawa, Ryukyus Islands, 1945: Japanese Thirty Second Army Defensive Dispositions, 1 April 1945
    Luzon, P.I., 1941: Final Operations on Luzon, 3 February-20 July 1945
    Southeast Asia, 1941: Final Allied Offensives in the Southwest Pacific Area 19 February-1 July 1945
    Germany, 1944: Reduction of the Ruhr Pocket and Advance to Elbe and Mulde Rivers, Operations 5-18 April 1945
    Northern Italy, 1944: Allied Plan of Attack, 1 April 1945, and situation 20 April, Showing Gains Since 2 April
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War
    Southern Asia, 1941: Third Burma Campaign-Allied Victory, April-May 1945
  • TRUMAN ASKS WORLD UNITY TO KEEP PEACE; 7TH IN NUREMBERG; SOVIET PUSH REPORTED (4/17/45)

    04/17/2015 4:12:13 AM PDT · 1 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • ROOSEVELT IS BURIED WITH SOLEMN RITES; ONE ELBE CROSSING LOST, SECOND WIDENED (4/16/45)

    04/16/2015 2:55:07 PM PDT · 40 of 64
    Homer_J_Simpson to dfwgator

    I think Ike himself said something very like that.

  • ROOSEVELT IS BURIED WITH SOLEMN RITES; ONE ELBE CROSSING LOST, SECOND WIDENED (4/16/45)

    04/16/2015 4:49:14 AM PDT · 8 of 64
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/3/16.htm

    April 16th, 1945 (MONDAY)

    BELGIUM: RAF Meteor III jets make their first operational sortie on the Continent. (22)

    FRANCE: The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 951: 1,348 unescorted bombers are dispatched to visually attack strongpoints on the French Atlantic coast; the first two forces below make the sole operational employment of napalm bomb by the Eighth Air Force against German ground installations (pillboxes, gunpits, tank trenches, and heavy gun emplacements); the results are negligible and HQ recommends its discontinuance against this type of target:

    - 492 B-17s hit four strongpoints and flak batteries in the Royan area without loss.

    - 341 B-24s hit six strongpoints and flak batteries in the Royan area without loss.

    - 442 B-17s hit 9 strongpoints and flak batteries in the Bordeaux/Royan, Pointe Grave and Pointe Courbre area without loss.

    The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 955: During the morning, 485 B-17s bomb the tank ditch defence line at Pointe de Grave on the south side of the Gironde estuary in the Bordeaux area in support of the ground assault in that area.

    GERMANY: The final great offensive of the Red Army against Germany, the Berlin operation begins with Gen. G.K. Zhukov’s 1st Belorussian Front attacking west of the Oder near Kuestrin, and Gen. Konev’s 1st Ukrainian Front attacking south across the Neisse to envelop Busse’s 9th Army and drive on to the southern flanks of the doomed German capital. The Russians meet initial stiff resistance at the Seelow Heights, a fortified defensive position which dominates the flood-plain of the Oder (Oderbruch), and controls access to the main land route to Berlin.

    At 4am today, Marshal G. K. Zhukov looked towards Berlin from his bunker in the Kustrin bridgehead over the Oder and ordered: “Now, comrades! Now!” Three red flares floated above the lines and, instantly, the German positions were lit up with the blinding light of 143 searchlights and thousands of tank and lorry headlights. Three green flares soared into the sky. This was the signal for thousands of big guns, wheel to wheel, to open the heaviest barrage of the whole of the war in the east. Villages were blown away. Forests burst into flames, burning fiercely out of control.

    The Russians have assembled 2,500,000 men, 6,250 tanks, 41,600 guns and mortars, 3,255 rocket launchers and 7,500 aircraft in three front under Zhukov, Konev and Rokossovsky, for this final assault. It seemed this morning that nothing could stand against this awesome power. Much of that ground was empty, however, for General Heinrici, commanding Army Group Vistula with orders to save Berlin, had withdrawn his men to a second line of defence.

    They are fighting now from well-entrenched positions on the Seelow Heights where Flak guns, moved from defending Berlin against Allied bombers have taken a terrible toll of Zhukov’s tanks. He is held up, but Konev’s First Ukrainian Front to the south has made rapid progress after crossing the Neisse. And Rokossovsky to the north has yet to join the battle.

    Berlin: Eva Braun has arrived in Berlin from Berchtesgaden to join Hitler in his bunker to share the last days of the Third Reich with him. When the Führer told her that she should have stayed in Bavaria, she said that she had desire to live in a Germany without him. “It would not be fit for a true German,” she says. Eva, the secret mistress of the Nazi leader for more than 12 years, has spent the war in Hitler’s mountain retreat, swimming and skiing, reading cheap love stories and watching romantic movies.

    Albert Speer, Hitler’s armaments minister, has been horrified by the directive from the Führer that all military, transport and industrial installations must be destroyed in order to deny them to the enemy. He has protested vigorously, but Hitler remains adamant. If the war is lost, he told Speer, there will be no point in attempting to save the German people. Speer, however, is co-operating with army officers to frustrate the Führer’s directive.

    Hitler sees betrayal everywhere. Today he sacked the Reich public health commissioner, Karl Brandt, after learning that Brandt had sent his wife and child to Thuringia so that they could surrender to the Americans. And as the Red Army opens its final assault on Berlin, Hitler, in his bunker beneath the ruins of his Chancellery, issued an order of the day to his broken army: “He who gives the order to retreat is to be shot on the spot.”

    The US 7th Army reaches Nürnburg.

    The Colditz POW camp is liberated by US troops, liberating 19,000 prisoners.

    USAAF, 78th Fighter Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for its actions today destroying 135 aircraft on five airfields near Prague and Pilzen, Czechoslovakia.

    RAF Mustang IV fighters of No. 611 Squadron are the first RAF aircraft to greet Russian aircraft over Berlin.

    258 Ninth Air Force B-26s and A-26 Invaders bomb marshalling yards at Gunzburg and Ulm (primary targets) and several other targets including 3 marshalling yards; fighters escort the bombers, fly patrols and armed reconnaissance, and support the US 3d Armored Division near Dessau and across the Mulde River near Torten, the 9th Armored Division along the Mulde northwest of Borna, the VIII Corps along Weisse Elster River between Gera and Plauen, the XX Corps astride the Mulde NE of Chemnitz (where the 6th Armored Division awaits Red Army forces), and the 2d Armored Division on the Elbe River near Magdeburg.

    The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 954: In the afternoon, 1,252 bombers and 913 fighters are dispatched to attack rail targets; they claim 727-0-373 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 B-24 and 31 fighters are lost.

    - 273 B-24s bomb the marshalling yard at Landshut; a B-24 is lost. Escorting are 299 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 228-0-109 aircraft on the ground; a P-47 and 16 P-51s are lost.

    - 148 B-17s bomb the Regensburg marshalling yard, 72 bomb the Regensburg East rail bridge and 74 bomb the Regensburg West rail bridge; 77 hit the Platting marshalling yard; and 76 attack the rail bridge at Straubing. The escort is 240 P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 aircraft in the air and 86-0-66 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost.

    - 286 P-51s fly a freelance mission in support of the bombers attacking 40+ landing grounds in Germany and Czechoslovakia; they claim 1-0-1 aircraft in the air and 410-0-198 on the ground; 9 P-51s are lost.

    About 450 Ninth Air Force A-20s, A-26 Invaders and B-26s bomb the Zerbst communications centre, Gunzenhausen marshalling yard, Kempten ordnance depot, and Wittenberg marshalling yard and gun positions; the IX Tactical Air Command’s fighters claim 25 air victories during the day as they escort the bombers, fly patrols, area cover, and armed reconnaissance, attack airfields and other targets, and support the US 3rd Armored Division southwest of Dessau, the 9th Armored Division in the Bennewitz-Colditz area along the Mulde River, the XX Corps which remains at the Zwickauer Mulde River bridgehead northeast of Chemnitz, the VIII Corps crossing the Weisse Elster River between Gera and Plauen, the 2d Armored Division on the Elbe River near Magdeburg, the XIX Corps east of Barby, and the V Corps near Leipzig.

    36 Fifteenth Air Force P-51s sweep areas south of Munich; Pie, Czechoslovakia; and Linz, Austria, and 4 strafe an airfield east of Munich.

    BALTIC SEA: The Goya (5,200 ton GRT transport formerly of the Hamburg-Amerika line), another German ship similar to the Wilhelm Gustloff (see January 30, 1945), is sunk in the Baltic by the Soviet submarine L-3 commanded by Captain Vladimir Konovalov, taking with it 6,220 refugees, making these two ships the worst naval disasters of all time. Captain Konovalov is later awarded the order of “Hero of the Soviet Union” for this.

    The GOYA put out from the Hela Peninsula (Danzig-Gotenhafen) on April 16, 1945 packed with c. 6000 evacuees of wounded soldiers and refugee civilians when it was suddenly torpedoed with two direct hits amidships which broke it in two, and it sank in an estimated 4 minutes in the cold dark seas of the Baltic. Only 183 passengers were rescued from this disaster, many of which later died from exposure. The sinking of the GOYA is the second greatest maritime disaster in history. The first of course, by numbers alone, is the Wilhelm Gustloff. On February 10, 1945, the GENERAL VON STEUBEN, another transport of wounded and refugees was also sunk (in seven minutes) by the same Soviet sub (S13) which sank the GUSTLOFF — some 3000 souls were lost in that event. (Russell Folsom)

    The RAF sink the LUTZOW, Germany’s last pocket battleship.

    ITALY: During the night of 14/15 April, Twelfth Air Force A-20s and A-26s concentrate on communications targets in the Po Valley, particularly the Po River crossings, the towns of Vignola, Zoeca and Sass, and several targets of opportunity; during the day B-25s and B-26s and fighter-bombers concentrate on direct support of the US Fifth and British Eighth Armies drives, hitting troop concentrations south of Portomaggiore, guns, strongpoints, and a variety of targets in areas south of Bologna, around Medicina and Sasso Marconi and at other points in battle areas.

    830 Fifteenth Air Force B-17s and B-24s, in support of the US Fifth Army, blast gun positions, supply dumps, troop concentrations, maintenance installations, and German HQ along highways leading from Bologna; 145 P-38s furnish escort; another force of 312 B-17s and B-24s bomb rail diversion bridges at Nervesa della Battaglia, Ponte di Piave, and Casarsa della Delizia, and an ammunition factory and stores at Ghedi; 191 P-51s provide escort. Today’s effort is the largest of World War II by the Fifteenth Air Force (most fighters and bombers dispatched and attacking, and the largest bomb tonnage dropped) during a 24-hour period; 1,142 heavy bombers bomb targets.

    98 Fifteenth Air Force B-24s, escorted by 102 P-51s, bomb positions southwest of Bologna; almost 700 B-24s and B-17s abort due to bad weather.

    CENTRAL EUROPE: The Fifteenth Air Force dispatches 36 P-38s and 36 P-51s strafe rail communications in the area bounded by Munich, Germany, Salzburg and Linz, Austria, Plzen, Czechoslovakia, and Regensburg, Germany; 12 of the P-38s skipbomb rail targets in the Salzburg-Linz, Austria area, including the Vocklabruck marshalling yard; 8 P-38s furnish top cover for the strafing missions.

    CHINA: 3 Fourteenth Air Force B-25s knock out the Pa-Ching pontoon bridge, 7 attack a storage depot at Fang-cheng, 4 bomb Tunganhsien, and 3 hit Paoching; 1 B-24 bombs the Canton docks; almost 200 fighter-bombers ranging over all of southern China and up into the northern China plain hit numerous targets including bridges, river shipping, town areas, trucks, railroad traffic, gun positions, storage areas, and general targets of opportunity; the Paoching, Hengyang, Yungfengshih, and Hsihhsiassuchi areas are especially hard hit.

    18 Fourteenth Air Force B-24s pound a storage area at Linfen; 3 bomb targets of opportunity in the Bakli Bay, Hainan Island and Canton areas; 10 B-25s bomb Yungfengshih, Kweilin, and Shanhsien, knocking out a bridge and hitting buildings, river shipping, and rail traffic. About 120 fighter-bombers over southern and eastern China hit river, road, and rail traffic, town areas, troops, and general targets of opportunity at many scattered locations.

    BURMA: Allied advances are continuing in Burma, with the capital, Rangoon, now firmly in General Slim’s sights. Today it was the turn of Taungup, in the Arakan peninsula, to fall to XV Corps, while inland IV Corps is chasing General Honda’s 33rd Japanese Army down the Sittang valley towards Pyinmanna. The Japanese forces are also in retreat along the Irrawaddy, where XXXIII Corps is driving south to oil-rich Yenangyaung.

    62 Tenth Air Force) P-38s and P-47s attack troop concentrations and supply areas at Loi-Mwe, Lawksawk, Thongdan, and near Laihka; 312 transport sorties are flown to forward areas.

    22 Tenth Air Force fighter-bombers attack troop concentrations in the Ke-hsi Mansam vicinity; 19 others attack road bridges behind enemy lines, claiming a bridge destroyed; air transport operations to forward areas continue on steady basis.

    FORMOSA: Far East Air Forces B-24s bomb Toyohara, Shinchiku, and Shinshoshi Airfields and B-25s hit the Shoka rail yards.

    Far East Air Forces B-25s hit Taien Airfield, while B-24s and P-51s bomb Giran and Matsuyama Airfields and nearby areas. During the night of 15/16 April, B-24s bomb Taihoku.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: Ft. Frank, a “concrete battleship”, in Manila Bay is attacked with fuel oil and allowed to burn. Ft. Drum had been similarly attacked on the 14th. This completes the capture of Japanese positions in Manila Bay.

    US forces invade Carabao after two days of intensive shelling, only to find that the Japanese are long gone.

    A battalion of the 151st Infantry Regiment, 38th Infantry Division, lands on Carabao Island at the entrance to Manila Bay; landing is preceded by cruiser/destroyer and aircraft bombardment.

    Far East Air Forces B-24s and fighter-bombers bomb island fortifications in Manila Bay, fighter-bombers hit bivouacs and other targets in northern Luzon and support ground forces east of Manila and on Carabao Island. Fighter bombers and B-24s fly support missions for ground forces on Negros and Cebu Islands. On Mindanao Island, B-24s bomb the Davao area and B-25s join USMC F4U Corsairs and SBD Dauntlesses in hitting highways and vehicles.

    The 1st Battalion, 151st Infantry Regiment, 38th Infantry Division, makes an unopposed landing on Carabao Island in Manila Bay. The landing had been supported by the light cruiser USS Phoenix (CL-46), two destroyers and two infantry landing craft (rocket) [LCI(R)s]. The Phoenix had blown a hole in the seawall and the only thing encountered by the soldiers was “one badly shaken pig.”

    JAPAN: The U.S. Army’s 77th Infantry Division, less the 307th Infantry Regiment, lands on the south and southwest coast of Ie Shima, Ryukyu Islands. The island of Ie Shima is located off the northwest coast of Okinawa at 26.43N, 127.47E.

    RYUKYU ISLANDS: Off Okinawa, kamikazes sink destroyer USS Pringle (DD-477); and damage battleship USS Missouri (BB-63); aircraft carrier USS Intrepid (CV-11); destroyer USS Bryant (DD-665); destroyer escort USS Bowers (DE-637); high speed minesweepers USS Hobson (DMS-26) and USS Harding (DMS-28); and oiler USS Taluga (AO-62).

    Aircraft of fast carrier task force (Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher) attack airfields and aircraft on the ground in southern Kyushu Island; the strike is repeated on 16 April.

    During the night of 15/16 April, the Twentieth Air Force flies two missions: (1) Mission 68: 194 B-29 Superfortresses bomb the Kawasaki urban area while 8 others hit targets of opportunity; 12 B-29s are lost. (2) Mission 69: 109 B-29s hit the urban area of Tokyo; 1 B-29 is lost.

    In the Kurile Islands, Eleventh Air Force B-25s abort a mission to bomb Hayakegawa because of weather front; 6 B-24s radar bomb the Kataoka naval base on Shimushu Island; another B-24 flies a radar-ferret sortie.

    The VII Fighter Command flies Mission 3: In the first very long range fighter operation from Iwo Jima, P-51s with XXI Bomber Command B-29 Superfortress navigational escorts, strafe and bomb targets at Kanoya Airfield on Kyushu Island; 4 P-51s are lost; B-29s continue to furnish navigational escort in all subsequent VII Fighter Command strikes (through 14 August) on Japan from Iwo Jima.

    BORNEO: Far East Air Force P-38s attack the Lingkas Tank Farm and other targets at Tarakan.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Submarine USS Charr (SS-328) lays mines off the Malay Peninsula. Two Japanese ships are sunk. (1) A guardboat is sunk by U.S. aircraft off Chezhudo, Korea and (2) a mine laid by USAAF B-29 Superfortresses sinks a cargo ship southeast of Hesaki Light, Japan.

    18 Guam-based Seventh Air Force B-24s bomb Marcus Island in the North Pacific.

    Japanese ships sunk at sea:

    - Submarine USS Sea Dog (SS-401) sinks a merchant cargo ship off Mikura Jima.

    - Submarine USS Sunfish (SS-281) attacks a convoy emerging from Yamado harbour, Honshu, and sinks a coast defence vessel and a transport.

    MARIANA ISLANDS: 2 Seventh Air Force P-61 Black Widows from Saipan bomb and strafe Pagan Island.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: Iwo Jima is declared secure.

    Centre Field (Motoyama Airfield No. 2 to the Japanese) is declared operational. The airfield will be used by damaged B-29s returning from missions to Japan.

    U.S.A.:

    In his first speech to Congress, President Harry S. Truman pledged to carry out the war and peace policies of his late predecessor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt. (Tony Giuliani)

    Top popular hits on the music charts are “My Dreams are Getting Better All the Time” by The Pied Pipers; “I’m Beginning to See the Light” by Harry James and his Orchestra with vocal by Kitty Kallen; “Candy” by Johnny Mercer and Jo Stafford; and “Smoke on the Water” by Bob Wills and his Texas Playboys.

    The federal government tacked another year on to the term of one of Roosevelt’s key pieces of wartime legislation, the Lend-Lease Act. All told, the U.S. funnelled US$50.6 billion (US$496 in year 2001 dollars) worth of Lend-Lease aid to the Allies during the war, the majority of which went to Britain and the USSR.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: The German submarine U-1235 is sunk in the North Atlantic by destroyer escorts USS Frost (DE-144) and USS Stanton (DE-247). All 57 crewmen on the U-boat are lost.

    German submarine U-880 is sunk in the North Atlantic by depth charges from the destroyer escorts USS Frost (DE-144) and USS Stanton (DE-247). All 49 crewmen on the U-boat are lost.

    Minesweeper HMCS Esquimalt is attacked and sunk by U-190 (Oberleutnant Hans-Edwin Reith) off Halifax, Nova Scotia at 44 28N 63 10W. There are 44 casualties.

    Frigate HMS Ekins strikes a mine at 2115 which causes her boiler room to flood, and she lies dead in the water. At 2140 she drifts onto another mine and this causes further flooding. The ship’s company are able to get the ship moving again, and she returns to the Medway under her own power, but after survey is paid off and not repaired. Location: 24 miles NW Ostend. (Alex Gordon)(108)

  • ROOSEVELT IS BURIED WITH SOLEMN RITES; ONE ELBE CROSSING LOST, SECOND WIDENED (4/16/45)

    04/16/2015 4:47:37 AM PDT · 7 of 64
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Grave is In Garden (Kluckhohn) – 2-3
    James Roosevelt Delayed in Flight – 3
    War News Summarized – 3
    Ninth Hurled Back (Middleton) – 4-5
    French Smash Into Royan In Drive to Open Bordeaux – 6-7
    7th Army Opens Nuremberg Drive (Johnston) – 7
    British Pass Camp Ridden by Typhus (MacDonald) – 7
    Poles Take Imola; Fifth Army Gains (Bracker) – 8
    Foe Puts Russians Closer to Berlin – 9
    Americans Smash Okinawa Attacks (by George E. Jones) – 9
    Navy Stevedores Feed Pacific Gains – 9-10
    British Task Force Scores in Pacific (by Robert Trumbull) – 10
    B-29’s Fire Tokyo 2d Time in 3 Days – 10
    New York Central Officer Wins ’45 Egleston Medal – 10
    3 Columns Clamp Arc around Baguio – 11
    British Troops in Burma Seize Hlaingdet; Japanese Still Hold Out Below Meiktila – 11
    The Nazis’ Last Stand (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 12
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 13-15
  • ROOSEVELT IS BURIED WITH SOLEMN RITES; ONE ELBE CROSSING LOST, SECOND WIDENED (4/16/45)

    04/16/2015 4:46:33 AM PDT · 6 of 64
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    In this recording the new President addresses Congress (6:02).

    President Truman

  • ROOSEVELT IS BURIED WITH SOLEMN RITES; ONE ELBE CROSSING LOST, SECOND WIDENED (4/16/45)

    04/16/2015 4:46:01 AM PDT · 4 of 64
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Four excerpts follow. #1 is continued from April 13. #2 and #3 are continued from yesterday.

     photo 0416-grave18_zpsxugaxb8j.jpg

     photo 0416-grave19_zps9bjriygn.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • ROOSEVELT IS BURIED WITH SOLEMN RITES; ONE ELBE CROSSING LOST, SECOND WIDENED (4/16/45)

    04/16/2015 4:45:06 AM PDT · 3 of 64
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • ROOSEVELT IS BURIED WITH SOLEMN RITES; ONE ELBE CROSSING LOST, SECOND WIDENED (4/16/45)

    04/16/2015 4:44:14 AM PDT · 2 of 64
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Southern Okinawa: Naha-Shuri-Yonabaru, 1945 – XXIV Corps Operations, 9 April-6 May 1945
    Okinawa, Ryukyus Islands, 1945: Japanese Thirty Second Army Defensive Dispositions, 1 April 1945
    Luzon, P.I., 1941: Final Operations on Luzon, 3 February-20 July 1945
    Southeast Asia, 1941: Final Allied Offensives in the Southwest Pacific Area 19 February-1 July 1945
    Germany, 1944: Reduction of the Ruhr Pocket and Advance to Elbe and Mulde Rivers, Operations 5-18 April 1945
    Northern Italy, 1944: Allied Plan of Attack, 1 April 1945, and situation 20 April, Showing Gains Since 2 April
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War
    Southern Asia, 1941: Third Burma Campaign-Allied Victory, April-May 1945
  • ROOSEVELT IS BURIED WITH SOLEMN RITES; ONE ELBE CROSSING LOST, SECOND WIDENED (4/16/45)

    04/16/2015 4:43:40 AM PDT · 1 of 64
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • NBC Radio – Our Hour of National Sorrow (April 15, 1945)

    04/15/2015 2:31:18 PM PDT · 5 of 8
    Homer_J_Simpson to Celtic Conservative; WayneS

    You can both expect an IRS audit this year.

  • NBC Radio – Our Hour of National Sorrow (April 15, 1945)

    04/15/2015 1:15:42 PM PDT · 2 of 8
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    This nearly two hour tribute to the late President is composed of narrative and music by a variety of celebrities of the day. It gives a good picture of the national mood at a time of upheaval. Click the link below to listen. (1:58:42).

    NBC

  • NBC Radio – Our Hour of National Sorrow (April 15, 1945)

    04/15/2015 1:14:18 PM PDT · 1 of 8
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • CBS World News Today – April 15, 1945

    04/15/2015 12:00:56 PM PDT · 2 of 2
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Find the following description of today’s broadcast here.

    “4/15/45: [This program is mostly dedicated to President Franklin Roosevelt, who died on the afternoon of Thursday, April 12th. There are no Admiral commercials and there is no PSA at the end. During the broadcast, it is mentioned that President Lincoln died 80 years ago on this date.] In a report from Hyde Park, FDR’s burial service, which took place today) is described. SW from Paris: 550,000 German soldiers were taken prisoner this month. Fire [napalm] bombs were used for the first time against German positions. 60-year old President Harry Truman is referred to as a “practical American” with many Republican friends in Congress who will work with him. He has invited the Russians to attend the San Francisco Security Conference and will be addressing Congress tomorrow at 1:00 p.m. EWT. Many Roosevelt cabinet members will probably resign and be replaced. Bob Trout closes the broadcast with an extended tribute to FDR’s memory. “

    To listen to the broadcast click on the link below.

    CBS World News Today, April 15, 1945

  • CBS World News Today – April 15, 1945

    04/15/2015 11:59:21 AM PDT · 1 of 2
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • NATION PAYS FINAL TRIBUTE TO ROOSEVELT AS WORLD MOURNS; HYDE PARK RITES TODAY (4/15/45)

    04/15/2015 5:41:13 AM PDT · 14 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to Kozak

    LBJ and his Great Society deserves an honorable mention.

  • ROOSEVELT RITES IN WHITE HOUSE TODAY; TRUMAN TURNS TO CONGRESS AND BYRNES (4/14/45)

    04/15/2015 4:45:15 AM PDT · 27 of 38
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tainan

    Are you at #3, being attacked by British carrier planes and American land-based bombers?

  • NATION PAYS FINAL TRIBUTE TO ROOSEVELT AS WORLD MOURNS; HYDE PARK RITES TODAY (4/15/45)

    04/15/2015 4:33:23 AM PDT · 8 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/3/15.htm

    April 15th, 1945 (SUNDAY)

    FRANCE: The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 951: 1,348 unescorted bombers are dispatched to visually attack strongpoints on the French Atlantic coast; the first two forces below make the sole operational employment of napalm bomb by the Eighth Air Force against German ground installations (pillboxes, gunpits, tank trenches, and heavy gun emplacements); the results are negligible and HQ recommends its discontinuance against this type of target:

    - 492 B-17s hit four strongpoints and flak batteries in the Royan area without loss.

    - 341 B-24s hit six strongpoints and flak batteries in the Royan area without loss.

    - 442 B-17s hit 9 strongpoints and flak batteries in the Bordeaux/Royan, Pointe Grave and Pointe Courbre area without loss.

    US bombers drop “napalm” bombs on German troops at Royan, in the Gironde estuary. (Andy Etherington)

    NETHERLANDS: Arnhem is taken by Canadian forces and British infantry.

    GERMANY: Liberation of BERGEN-BELSEN: The first British troops entered Bergen- Belsen on Sunday, April 15th 1945, at 3 p.m., led by Brigadier H.L. Glyn Hughes, the Chief Medical Officer of the British Second Army (with anti-tank battery of 63 A/Tk Regt, Royal Artillery.) Brigadier Hughes cried when he saw the horrible conditions of the camp. He later mentioned that “Belsen was unique in its vile treatment of human beings. Nothing like it had happened before in the history of mankind. The victims of this infamous behaviour had been reduced to a condition of sub-human existence” The liberators’ most urgent concerns included separating the sick from the living, burying the dead, and caring for the sick.

    Hospitals were set up in the barracks and doctors fed the prisoners after determining which could be saved and which could not. Mass graves were dug to bury the thousands of dead. Captain Derrick Sington, who was the first British officer to enter Bergen- Belsen, forced Commandant SS-Captain Josef Kramer and other SS officials to assist in the mass burials as well. After the soldiers cleared the camp of people, the camp was set on fire to help combat the spread of disease.

    Bergen-Belsen was a concentration camp in Germany, located between the villages of Bergen and Belsen. Built in 1940, it was a prisoner-of-war camp for French and Belgium prisoners. In 1941, it was renamed Stalag 311 and housed about 20,000 Russian prisoners.

    The camp changed its name to Bergen-Belsen and was converted into a concentration camp in 1943. Jews with foreign passports were kept there to be exchanged for German nationals imprisoned abroad, although very few exchanges were made. About 200 Jews were allowed to immigrate to Palestine and about 1,500 Hungarian Jews were allowed to immigrate to Switzerland, both took place under the rubric of exchanges for German nationals.

    Bergen-Belsen mainly served as a holding camp for the Jewish prisoners. The camp was divided into eight sections, a detention camp, two women’s camps, a special camp, neutrals camps, “star” camp (mainly Dutch prisoners who wore a Star of David on their clothing instead of the camp uniform), Hungarian camp and a tent camp. It was designed to hold 10,000 prisoners, however, by the war’s end more than 60,000 prisoners were detained there, due to the large numbers of those evacuated from Auschwitz and other camps from the East. Tens of thousands of prisoners from other camps came to Bergen-Belsen after agonizing death marches.

    While Bergen-Belsen contained no gas chambers, more than 35,000 people died of starvation, overwork, disease, brutality and sadistic medical experiments. Anne Frank and her sister, Margot, died of typhus in March 1945, along with other prisoners in a typhus epidemic.

    In 1946, Belsen served as the largest displaced person (DP) camp for more than 11,000 Jews; it was the only exclusively Jewish camp in the British zone of Germany. (Russ Folsom)

    Merkers: A heavily guarded convoy of US Army trucks moves the Reichsbank gold reserve from the potassium mines here back to the vaults of the Reichsbank in the recently captured city of Frankfurt-am-Main. By mid-August the gold will have been quantified and appraised. The gold is valued at $262,213,000 US dollars. The silver at $270,469 US dollars. (Russell Folsom)

    258 Ninth Air Force B-26s and A-26 Invaders bomb marshalling yards at Gunzburg and Ulm (primary targets) and several other targets including 3 marshalling yards; fighters escort the bombers, fly patrols and armed reconnaissance, and support the US 3d Armored Division near Dessau and across the Mulde River near Torten, the 9th Armored Division along the Mulde northwest of Borna, the VIII Corps along Weisse Elster River between Gera and Plauen, the XX Corps astride the Mulde NE of Chemnitz (where the 6th Armored Division awaits Red Army forces), and the 2d Armored Division on the Elbe River near Magdeburg.

    FRANCE: US bombers drop “napalm” bombs on German troops at Royan, in the Gironde estuary.

    CENTRAL EUROPE: The Fifteenth Air Force dispatches 36 P-38s and 36 P-51s strafe rail communications in the area bounded by Munich, Germany, Salzburg and Linz, Austria, Plzen, Czechoslovakia, and Regensburg, Germany; 12 of the P-38s skip bomb rail targets in the Salzburg-Linz, Austria area, including the Vocklabruck marshalling yard; 8 P-38s furnish top cover for the strafing missions.

    ITALY: The Polish II Corps attached to the British 8th Army reaches Sillaro after crossing the River Santerno.

    During the night of 14/15 April, Twelfth Air Force A-20s and A-26s concentrate on communications targets in the Po Valley, particularly the Po River crossings; during the day B-25s and B-26s and fighter-bombers concentrate on direct support of the US Fifth and British Eighth Armies drives, hitting troop concentrations, guns, strongpoints, and a variety of targets in areas south of Bologna, around Medicina and Sasso Marconi and at other points in battle areas.

    830 Fifteenth Air Force B-17s and B-24s, in support of the US Fifth Army, blast gun positions, supply dumps, troop concentrations, maintenance installations, and German HQ along highways leading from Bologna; 145 P-38s furnish escort; another force of 312 B-17s and B-24s bomb rail diversion bridges at Nervesa della Battaglia, Ponte di Piave, and Casarsa della Delizia, and an ammunition factory and stores at Ghedi; 191 P-51s provide escort. Today’s effort is the largest of World War II by the Fifteenth Air Force (most fighters and bombers dispatched and attacking, and the largest bomb tonnage dropped) during a 24-hour period; 1,142 heavy bombers bomb targets.

    CHINA: 3 Fourteenth Air Force B-25s knock out the Pa-Ching pontoon bridge, 7 attack a storage depot at Fang-cheng, 4 bomb Tunganhsien, and 3 hit Paoching; 1 B-24 bombs the Canton docks; almost 200 fighter-bombers ranging over all of southern China and up into the northern China plain hit numerous targets including bridges, river shipping, town areas, trucks, railroad traffic, gun positions, storage areas, and general targets of opportunity; the Paoching, Hengyang, Yungfengshih, and Hsihhsiassuchi areas are especially hard hit.

    BURMA: Taungdwingyi falls to the British 20th Indian Division.

    62 Tenth Air Force) P-38s and P-47s attack troop concentrations and supply areas at Loi-Mwe, Lawksawk, Thongdan, and near Laihka; 312 transport sorties are flown to forward areas.

    JAPAN: Okinawa: The US 6th Marine Division engages in hard fighting for Yae Taku Hill.

    US Marine Pfc Harold Gonsalves performs actions that will result in him being awarded the MOH. His citation reads that “....while serving as Acting Scout Sergeant with the 4th Battalion, 15th Marines, 6th Marine Division, during action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyu Chain.

    Undaunted by the powerfully organized opposition encountered on Motobu Peninsula during the fierce assault waged by his battalion against the Japanese stronghold at Mount Yaetake, Pfc. Gonsalves repeatedly braved the terrific enemy bombardment to aid his forward observation team in directing well-placed artillery fire. When his commanding officer determined to move into the front lines in order to register a more effective bombardment in the enemy’s defensive position, he unhesitatingly advanced uphill with the officer and another Marine despite a slashing barrage of enemy mortar and rifle fire. As they reached the front and a Japanese grenade fell close within the group, instantly Pfc. Gonsalves dived on the deadly missile, absorbing the exploding charge in his own body and thereby protecting the others from serious and perhaps fatal wounds. Stout-hearted and indomitable, Pfc. Gonsalves readily yielded his own chances of survival that his fellow marines might carry on the relentless battle against a fanatic enemy and his cool decision, prompt action and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of certain death reflect the highest credit upon himself and upon the U.S. Naval Service. (Drew Halevy)

    US Marines on the Motobu peninsula suffer heavy casualties from Japanese artillery fire.

    Off Okinawa, kamikazes damage the destroyer USS Laffey (DD-724) and a large support landing ship [LSC(L)] while a Japanese assault demolition boat damages a motor minesweeper (YMS).

    Aircraft of fast carrier task force (Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher) attack airfields and aircraft on the ground in southern Kyushu Island; the strike is repeated on 16 April.

    During the night of 15/16 April, the Twentieth Air Force flies two missions: (1) Mission 68: 194 B-29 Superfortresses bomb the Kawasaki urban area while 8 others hit targets of opportunity; 12 B-29s are lost. (2) Mission 69: 109 B-29s hit the urban area of Tokyo; 1 B-29 is lost.

    FORMOSA: Far East Air Forces B-24s bomb Toyohara, Shinchiku, and Shinshoshi Airfields and B-25s hit the Shoka rail yards.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: A battalion of the 151st Infantry Regiment, 38th Infantry Division, lands on Carabao Island at the entrance to Manila Bay; landing is preceded by cruiser/destroyer and aircraft bombardment.

    Far East Air Forces B-24s and fighter-bombers bomb island fortifications in Manila Bay, fighter-bombers hit bivouacs and other targets in northern Luzon and support ground forces east of Manila and on Carabao Island. Fighter bombers and B-24s fly support missions for ground forces on Negros and Cebu Islands. On Mindanao Island, B-24s bomb the Davao area and B-25s join USMC F4U Corsairs and SBD Dauntlesses in hitting highways and vehicles.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Submarine USS Charr (SS-328) lays mines off the Malay Peninsula.
    Two Japanese ships are sunk. (1) A guardboat is sunk by U.S. aircraft off Chezhudo, Korea and (2) a mine laid by USAAF B-29 Superfortresses sinks a cargo ship southeast of Hesaki Light, Japan.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: The German submarine U-1235 is sunk in the North Atlantic by destroyer escorts USS Frost (DE-144) and USS Stanton (DE-247). All 57 crewmen on the U-boat are lost.

    U.S.A: Top popular hits on the music charts are “My Dreams are Getting Better All the Time” by The Pied Pipers; “I’m Beginning to See the Light” by Harry James and his Orchestra with vocal by Kitty Kallen; “Candy” by Johnny Mercer and Jo Stafford; and “Smoke on the Water” by Bob Wills and his Texas Playboys.

  • NATION PAYS FINAL TRIBUTE TO ROOSEVELT AS WORLD MOURNS; HYDE PARK RITES TODAY (4/15/45)

    04/15/2015 4:32:11 AM PDT · 7 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Rites at Capital (Kluckhohn) – 2-3
    500,000 in Capital View Final March (White) – 3-4
    Millions in City Ignore Rain To Pay Honor to Roosevelt (Feinberg) – 4
    Franklin D. Roosevelt Comes Back to Washington for the Last Time (photos) – 5-6
    Tributes Will Be Continued Here Today, With Services in Churches, Synagogues – 7
    Hyde Park, Draped in Black, Awaits Arrival Of Roosevelt’s Body for the Burial Today – 7
    Molotoff Coming to Conference; Stalin Acts at Truman’s Request (Reston) – 7
    German Lines Cut (Middleton) – 8-9
    Speeding 3d Sure of Splitting Reich (by Gene Currivan) – 9-10
    Germans Forced to Bury Victims – 10
    Allies Are Warned Not to Fall Apart – 10
    Allied Chieftains Wary of Quick End (by James M. Long) – 11
    War News Summarized – 11
    Red Army Driving On Berlin, Foe Says – 12
    American Clothes Distributed among Young Girls of Vilna (photo) – 12
    Marines Overrun Big Okinawa Area (by George E. Jones) – 13-14
    Chinese Repulse Threat to Shensi – 14
    It’s Luck of the Irish on Okinawa To Slog in the Mud on Moving Day (by Warren Moscow) – 14
    Ft. Drum, the ‘Concrete Battleship,’ Blown Up in Bold Amphibious Feat (by Lindesay Parrott) – 15
    Tokyo Fires Burn Long After Attack – 15
    2 Small Islands Off Legaspi Taken – 16
    British Ships Shell Island Off Burma – 16
    Battle Order of Allies’ Forces (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 17-18
    1,640 at Ft. Slocum on Comeback Trail – 18
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 19-22
    The Veteran (by Charles Hurd) – 22

    The News of the Week in Review
    A Commander in Chief Passes-but His Work Goes On (photo, maps) – 23-24
    Fifteen News Questions – 25
    Truman’s Record Shows Practical, Prudent Man (by Luther Huston) – 26-27
    “Truman At the Helm” (cartoon) – 27
    A Creed for Americans: The Legacy of Franklin D. Roosevelt – 28-32
    Grand Strategy in the Pacific Theatre (map) – 33
    No Respite for Japan After European War (by Sidney Shalett) – 34
    Answers to Fifteen News Questions – 34
    Fighting for Okinawa is Fierce (by Warren Moscow) – 35
    British M.P.’s Predict an Election by August (by Sydney Gruson) – 35

  • NATION PAYS FINAL TRIBUTE TO ROOSEVELT AS WORLD MOURNS; HYDE PARK RITES TODAY (4/15/45)

    04/15/2015 4:30:52 AM PDT · 6 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    This recording is of Edward R. Murrow describing his inspection tour of Buchenwald (10:40).

    Edward R. Murrow, CBS

  • NATION PAYS FINAL TRIBUTE TO ROOSEVELT AS WORLD MOURNS; HYDE PARK RITES TODAY (4/15/45)

    04/15/2015 4:29:50 AM PDT · 5 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The first of the following three excerpts is continued from yesterday.

     photo 0415-rites39_zpsmh72cx4d.jpg  photo 0415-rites40_zpssxy7lgqs.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • NATION PAYS FINAL TRIBUTE TO ROOSEVELT AS WORLD MOURNS; HYDE PARK RITES TODAY (4/15/45)

    04/15/2015 4:29:07 AM PDT · 4 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from April 13.

     photo 0415-rites38_zpsrk9eu3zm.jpg

    William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

  • NATION PAYS FINAL TRIBUTE TO ROOSEVELT AS WORLD MOURNS; HYDE PARK RITES TODAY (4/15/45)

    04/15/2015 4:27:52 AM PDT · 3 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • NATION PAYS FINAL TRIBUTE TO ROOSEVELT AS WORLD MOURNS; HYDE PARK RITES TODAY (4/15/45)

    04/15/2015 4:26:55 AM PDT · 2 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Southern Okinawa: Naha-Shuri-Yonabaru, 1945 – XXIV Corps Operations, 9 April-6 May 1945
    Okinawa, Ryukyus Islands, 1945: Japanese Thirty Second Army Defensive Dispositions, 1 April 1945
    Luzon, P.I., 1941: Final Operations on Luzon, 3 February-20 July 1945
    Southeast Asia, 1941: Final Allied Offensives in the Southwest Pacific Area 19 February-1 July 1945
    Germany, 1944: Reduction of the Ruhr Pocket and Advance to Elbe and Mulde Rivers, Operations 5-18 April 1945
    Northern Italy, 1944: Allied Plan of Attack, 1 April 1945, and situation 20 April, Showing Gains Since 2 April
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War
    Southern Asia, 1941: Third Burma Campaign-Allied Victory, April-May 1945
  • NATION PAYS FINAL TRIBUTE TO ROOSEVELT AS WORLD MOURNS; HYDE PARK RITES TODAY (4/15/45)

    04/15/2015 4:26:22 AM PDT · 1 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • ROOSEVELT RITES IN WHITE HOUSE TODAY; TRUMAN TURNS TO CONGRESS AND BYRNES (4/14/45)

    04/14/2015 4:58:09 AM PDT · 7 of 38
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/3/14.htm

    April 14th, 1945 (SATURDAY)

    FRANCE: A series of French attacks on remaining German positions begins today and will last for 6 days. The area is in the south-west at Royan, in the Gironde estuary. The French battleship Lorraine provides bombardment support for these attacks.

    The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 948: 1,167 bombers are dispatched without escort to visually attack enemy pockets on the Gironde estuary; 2 B-24s are lost; other Allied Air Forces and French naval units attack similar targets; the air attacks precede a ground assault by a French detachment of the Sixth Army Group on the defence pockets which deny the Allies use of port facilities in the Bordeaux area:

    - 480 B-17s hit 15 strongpoint’s and flak batteries in the Bordeaux/Royan, Pointe Coubre and Pointe Grave areas without loss.

    - 315 B-24s hit 12 strongpoints and flak batteries in the same area as Force 1 above; 2 B-24s are lost.

    - 338 B-17s attack 4 strongpoints and flak batteries in the Bordeaux/Royan area without loss.

    NETHERLANDS: A French Canadian Soldier attacks and liberates ALONE the city of Zwolle in the Netherlands. The soldier is Private Léo Major, DCM & Bar. He was a scout and a sniper. (Jocelyn Major Proud Son of Léo Major, DCM & Bar)

    GERMANY: Himmler orders that no prisoners at Dachau concentration camp “shall be allowed to fall into the hands of the enemy alive.”

    “A handover is out of the question. The camp must be evacuated immediately. No prisoner must be allowed to fall into the hands of the enemy alive,” says a handwritten note, apparently referring to Dachau concentration camp. It is signed by Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler and dated April 14, 1945.

    Central GERMANY: With Patton’s Third Army thrusting through the Thuringian Forest to Dresden and Leipzig, the gap between the Americans and the Russians is closing rapidly and Germany is being sliced in two. There are fears that Hitler may attempt a last-ditch defence in the southern redoubt based on Berchtesgaden. French and American troops are closing on the Danube before crossing into Bavaria. In the north, the British are moving on Bremen, Hamburg and Wilhelmshaven to forestall any attempt to mount a defence of the ports.

    Relentless Allied air attacks on Germany are wiping out the Luftwaffe on the tarmac and the Kriegsmarine in harbour. Figures show that 1,738 enemy aircraft were destroyed in a week’s attacks on 59 airfields. A total of 332 were shot down in air combat. Many German planes are limited by a lack of fuel.

    18 Ninth Air Force B-26s fly a leaflet mission in the Ruhr area; fighters fly patrols, sweeps, and armed reconnaissance, and support the US 3d Armored Division southwest of the Elbe/Mulde River junction near Dessau, the 9th Armored Division in the Borna and Lobstadt area, XX Corps elements which continue to arrive at the Zwickauer Mulde River, the VIII Corps along the Weisse Elster River south of Gera, XII Corps elements in the Bayreuth area, the 2d and 5th Armored Divisions along the Elbe River in the Barby-Magdeburg and Tangermunde areas.

    29 Fifteenth Air Force P-38s bomb and strafe railroad targets in the Munich and Regensburg-Linz, Austria areas.

    AUSTRIA: Fifteenth Air Force bombers attack the Klagenfurt marshalling yard as a target of opportunity.

    The Taifun Express, rocket and missile train arrives at Linz. (Sandy Bybee)

    ITALY: During the night of 13/14 April, Twelfth Air Force A-20s and A-26 Invaders continue to hit communications in the Po Valley; bad weather over the northern part of the Brenner line prevents medium bomber attacks but the B-25s, escorted by 54 Thirteenth Air Force P-51s, hit alternates on the southern part of the line at Salorno, San Ambrogio di Valpolicella, and Chiusaforte, bomb gun emplacements southeast of La Spezia in support of the US Fifth Army, and hit 5 defensive positions along the British Eighth Army front in the Argenta area; fighter-bombers concentrate on supporting Fifth Army forces southwest of Bologna.

    318 Fifteenth Air Force B-17s and B-24s hit ammunition factories at Avigliana, Spilimbergo, Malcontenta, and Palmanova, and a motor transport depot at Osoppo; 158 fighters provide escort.

    U.S.S.R.: Moscow: The scene is now set for the Red Army’s assault on Berlin. The victorious marshals, Zhukov, Konev and Rokossovky, are drawn up in overwhelming strength, ready to attack. Zhukov and Konev dislike one another, and there is keen rivalry between them for the honour of taking the German capital. Elsewhere, the Russians are slackening their advance. East Prussia is now harmless. Vienna has fallen. Graz is threatened. But it seems as if the Russians are holding their breath in readiness for the last 40-mile march on Berlin. It will be a desperate affair.

    JAPAN: On Okinawa, the 4th and 29th Marines launched a coordinated attack on the Motobu Peninsula inland in an easterly direction and west and southwest from the centre of the peninsula, respectively. (Richard Gaines)

    Kamikazes damage battleship USS New York (BB-34) and destroyers USS Sigsbee (DD-502), USS Dashiell (DD-659), and USS Hunt (DD-674).

    Carrier-based F6F Hellcats, FM Wildcats and F4U Corsairs shoot down 45 Japanese aircraft near the ships of Task Force 58.

    The aircraft carrier HMS Formidable joins the RN’s Task Force 57 replacing HMS Illustrious which is ordered to retire for an overhaul.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Japanese vessels sunk at sea:

    - Submarine USS Gabilan (SS-252) attacks a Surabaya-to-Makassar convoy, sinking a cargo vessel and an auxiliary submarine chaser.

    - Submarine USS Tirante (SS-420) attacks Japanese convoy MOSI-02 in the approaches to the Yellow Sea, sinking a transport, an escort vessel, and a coast defence vessel west of Quelpart Island. For his skill and daring in carrying out this surface attack through mined and shoal-obstructed waters, Lieutenant Commander George L. Street III, Tirante’s captain, will receive the Medal of Honor.

    - An aircraft sinks an auxiliary submarine chaser off French Indochina.

    - An aircraft sinks a merchant cargo ship near Rima Island.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: 24 Seventh Air Force B-24s based on Angaur Island, Palau Islands, bomb supply and personnel areas at Tigatto.

    Far East Air Forces B-24s, B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers fly numerous strikes in support of ground forces and against airfields, gun positions, defences, and troop concentrations throughout Luzon, Cebu, Negros, and Mindanao Islands.

    SBDs from Marine Aircraft Group 24 flew the last Marine aviation mission on Luzon, in support of the 37th Army Division. (Richard Gaines)

    JAPAN: Tokyo: Not a building is left standing in ten square miles of Tokyo after a four-hour fire-bomb raid last night by 327 USAAF B-29s. Where yesterday there were wooden homes, workshops and munitions factories, there is only smoking rubble in which thousands are feared to have died. The imperial palace was also damaged. The fire-storm started as 2,139 tons of incendiaries filled with jellied petrol set buildings burning so fiercely that all air was consumed, creating strong winds that spread the fire further - until there was nothing left to burn.

    BURMA: 41 Tenth Air Force P-47s and P-38s attack troops, supplies, and fuel dumps at Tawnghkam Nawng-hkam, Mong Kung, Loi-makhkawn, and Nawngkaw; 8 P-38s damage bridges at Kong pau and Kyawngteng; 446 transport flights are flown to forward areas.

    CHINA: 24 Fourteenth Air Force B-24s, supported by 12 P-51s, bomb Loyang and knock out a bridge over the Yellow River; 30+ B-25s and 130+ fighter-bombers attack bridges (knocking out at least 6), river, road, and rail traffic, troops, storage areas, town areas, and general targets of opportunity over the vast expanse of southern and eastern China.

    Far East Air Forces B-25s sweep the Canton-Hong Kong waterways, hitting shipping and other targets.

    FORMOSA: Far East Air Forces B-24s bomb four airfields.

  • ROOSEVELT RITES IN WHITE HOUSE TODAY; TRUMAN TURNS TO CONGRESS AND BYRNES (4/14/45)

    04/14/2015 4:57:06 AM PDT · 6 of 38
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Simplicity to Rule (Hulen) – 2
    Crowds in Tears Watch Funeral Train Roll North (Kluckhohn) – 3
    Turn to Right Seen (Wood) – 3-4
    Ready for Labors in White House (page 1 photo) – 4
    Churchill Tribute Heard by Commons – 4-5
    As News of President Roosevelt’s Death Traveled Across the Seas (photos) – 5-6
    War News Summarized – 6
    Patton Lashes Out (Middleton) – 7-9
    Americans Race On Less than 100 Miles from Russians (map) – 7
    321 Added to Toll of German Planes – 9
    Twin Allied Drives Surge On in Italy (Bracker) – 9-10
    Soviet Armies Link for Push On Prague as Vienna Falls – 10-11
    Joyful Viennese Waltz in the Streets; Moscow Says They Saved Austrian Honor – 11
    Urges Real Trials for War Criminals – 11
    B-29’s Set Great Tokyo Fires; Explosions Heard 100 Miles (Rae) – 12-13
    Full Working Day In War Plants Asked – 12
    Writer Sees Vast Tokyo Fires From Nose of B-29 in Big Attack (by W.H. Lawrence) – 13
    Japanese Strike Madly on Okinawa – 14
    Luzon Push Nears Baguio’s Suburbs – 14
    Foe Said to Rush to Manchuria Since Soviet Move to End Pact – 15
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 16-18

    Editorials – 19-21
    President Truman
    To Victory
    Pan-American Day
    Adults Go to School
    Our Philippine “Refugees”
    Death in Victory
    Topics of the Times