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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • AMERICANS LAND ON NORTH NEW GUINEA COAST; ADMIRAL KING SEES PACIFIC VICTORY ROAD OPEN (4/24/44)

    04/24/2014 5:18:33 AM PDT · 9 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick

    Do you know his unit? My father was in the 32nd Infantry Div., which is taking part in the Aitape landing.

  • AMERICANS LAND ON NORTH NEW GUINEA COAST; ADMIRAL KING SEES PACIFIC VICTORY ROAD OPEN (4/24/44)

    04/24/2014 4:42:07 AM PDT · 7 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/24.htm

    April 24th, 1944

    UNITED KINGDOM: The actor and composer Ivor Novello is sentenced to two months imprisonment for offences concerned with petrol rationing.

    Submarine HMS Selene launched.

    Frigate HMS Cawsand Bay laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)

    ENGLISH CHANNEL: Rescue tug HMS Zoder Zee torpedoed and sunk by a German MTB off Dungeness. (Dave Shirlaw)

    GERMANY: A Mosquito VI, piloted by Wg./Cdr. G. L. “Leonard” Cheshire VC, of No. 617 Squadron is used to carry out the first low-level target-marking during a raid on Augsburg. (22)

    U-793, U-1018 commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

    EGYPT: Alexandria: The remaining striking warships and the First Brigade of the Greek Army surrender, ending a three-week mutiny in the exiled Greek forces under the Allied High Command.

    BURMA: Air Commando Combat Mission N0. 49 3:15 Flight Time.

    Hailakandi, Assam to Indaw, Burma. Bombed Japanese supply dumps and railroad. Notes: We circled over the lake where we had been the day before. I looked at what was left of the Burmese village. There were dozens of spots of gray. The town was just not there. I wondered what their casualties were? My pilot and friend was on his way to the States and I now flew Barbie III with many different pilots, some good and some not so good; hoping I would also be rotated back to the ZI in the near future. (Chuck Baisden)

    NEW GUINEA: Australian troops capture Madang.

    CANADA: Corvette HMCS Orangeville commissioned.
    Minesweeper HMCS Mulgrave arrived Devonport and assigned 32nd Minesweeping flotilla, then 31st Minesweeping Flotilla.

    Corvettes HMCS Alberni and Port Arthur departed Halifax for UK.

    Tug HMCS Shawville assigned to Gaspe, Province of Quebec.

    (Dave Shirlaw)

    U.S.A.: Washington: US military strategists agree that to defeat Japan it will be necessary to invade Japan itself.

    Charles Lindbergh, the famous aviator, leaves San Diego bound for the Pacific theatre as a consultant for the Chance-Vought corporation, to observe various problems being encountered by Corsair pilots. (Marc James Small)

    Destroyer USS Drexler laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-672 was attacked twice on this day by Allied aircraft, suffering slight damage. (Dave Shirlaw)

  • AMERICANS LAND ON NORTH NEW GUINEA COAST; ADMIRAL KING SEES PACIFIC VICTORY ROAD OPEN (4/24/44)

    04/24/2014 4:41:02 AM PDT · 6 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/apr44/24apr44.htm#

    “Meteors” over Munich
    Monday, April 24, 1944 www.onwar.com

    Over Germany... The US 8th Air Force raids factories and airfields in Friedrichshafen, near Munich. A total of 55 planes are lost, including 14 which land or crash in Switzerland. During the night, 250 RAF Lancaster bombers scatter “Flying Meteor” methane-petrol incendiary bombs over Munich causing devastation in the area between Central Station and the Isar River.

    In Liberated Italy... The Italian “Co-Belligerent Air Force” now operates over the Adriatic Sea.

    In New Guinea... American forces reach Lake Sentani near Hollandia. To the east, Australian forces advancing from the Huon Peninsula capture Madang.

    In Egypt... British troops end their blockade of the mutinous Greek brigade encampment.

  • AMERICANS LAND ON NORTH NEW GUINEA COAST; ADMIRAL KING SEES PACIFIC VICTORY ROAD OPEN (4/24/44)

    04/24/2014 4:40:18 AM PDT · 5 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Great Pacific Leap (Kluckhohn) – 2-3
    New Stride by Allies in Southwest Pacific (map) – 3
    Navy is Confident (Shalett) – 4-5
    Jade Center Won by Burma Allies – 5
    Enemy Increases Chengchow Blows – 5-6
    Allies Assert Death Blow for Luftwaffe is in Sight (Denny) – 6
    Revolt on 3 Ships Crushed by Greeks (Sulzberger) – 6-7
    Foe’s Supply Line in Italy Bombed – 7
    Air Gunner Mangin Forgets about Tennis as He Acquires Gray Hairs in Sky Fights – 7
    ‘Commando’ Kelly in Country at Last – 7
    British Rehearse for Air Invasion; Enemy Threatens Surprise Blow – 8
    War News Summarized – 8
    Photo of Generals Brereton, Spaatz and Eisenhower – 9
    New Zealanders Busy (Baldwin) – 10
    Air Power and the War (by Alexander P. de Seversky) – 10
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the War – 11-13
  • AMERICANS LAND ON NORTH NEW GUINEA COAST; ADMIRAL KING SEES PACIFIC VICTORY ROAD OPEN (4/24/44)

    04/24/2014 4:39:07 AM PDT · 4 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    [Continued from April 16.]

    The instructions Wilson received reflected my views, and in a telegram to the President on April 24 I said:

    I am very glad at what has happened in Italy. It seems to me that we have both succeeded in gaining what we sought. The only thing now lacking is a victory. I had long talks with Alexander when he was here for a few days’ consultation. He defended his actions or inactions, with much force, pointing out the small plurality of his army, its mixed character, there being no fewer than seven separate nationalities against the homogeneous Germans, the vileness of the weather, and the extremely awkward nature of the ground. At latest by May 14 he will attack and push everything in as hard as possible. If this battle were successful, or even raging at full blast, it would fit in very well with other plans.

    Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

  • AMERICANS LAND ON NORTH NEW GUINEA COAST; ADMIRAL KING SEES PACIFIC VICTORY ROAD OPEN (4/24/44)

    04/24/2014 4:37:43 AM PDT · 3 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • AMERICANS LAND ON NORTH NEW GUINEA COAST; ADMIRAL KING SEES PACIFIC VICTORY ROAD OPEN (4/24/44)

    04/24/2014 4:37:00 AM PDT · 2 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Netherlands New Guinea; Hollandia, 1944 – Invasion of Hollandia, Operations of I Corps (Reckless Task Force)
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
    Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
    Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
    New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
    Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Marianas, Biak and Noemfoor, 22 April-24 July 1944, and Japanese Kon and “A” Go Operations 30 May-19 June 1944
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
  • AMERICANS LAND ON NORTH NEW GUINEA COAST; ADMIRAL KING SEES PACIFIC VICTORY ROAD OPEN (4/24/44)

    04/24/2014 4:36:24 AM PDT · 1 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • U.S. BOMBING OF HAMM RAIL YARDS CAPS RECORD WEEK’S AIR ASSAULT (4/23/44)

    04/23/2014 4:24:58 AM PDT · 7 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/23.htm

    April 23rd, 1944 (SUNDAY)

    ARCTIC SEA: U-307 met U-703 in the Arctic Sea and provided them with a needed spare part. (Dave Shirlaw)

    BALTIC SEA: During the Baltic exercises U-1169 lost one man off Pillau. [Matrosengefreiter Alfred Friedl]. (Dave Shirlaw)

    EGYPT: Alexandria: Greek officers board three striking warships, with the loss of 50 lives.

    BURMA: Air Commando Combat Mission N0. 48 3:05 Flight Time Hailakandi, Assam to Indaw, Burma. Bombed Japanese troop concentration and strafed village. My last mission with Lt/Col R. T. Smith. note: This is an expanded version of the mission>

    At 1300 hours 8 B-25 Hs, escorted by 10 P-51B fighters took off from Hailakandi on what was the most ruthless, yet necessary, raids I had ever been on. Our objective was a Burmese village on the North shore of Indaw Lake. A Chindit column was advancing from the main stronghold, the roadblock at Mawlu. They needed the water here for drinking. We arrived over our target at 1500 hours. The weather was fair, but with poor visibility because of the haze from burning forest fires abundant this time of year throughout Burma.

    Our aircraft “Barbie III,” led the first flight over the target and released our fragmentation cluster bombs (para-frags) at an altitude of about two hundred feet. Our bomb cover was good and fires immediately broke out in several parts of the village. Captain Sinskie led his formation over next, but released his incendiary clusters too late and they overshot by two hundred yards. Captain Ziegler came over last and dropped his para-frags. They covered the entire town and more fires immediately came into view. Smoke rose to 2,000 feet. The fighters came in last and dive bombed a small group of huts about one-half mile northwest of our target. They were carrying two five hundred General Purpose bombs per aircraft.

    As soon as the fighters finished and got altitude above us, R. T. ordered two flights into our gunnery pattern and we commenced strafing the village. Our . 75 mm shells tore into the thatched buildings and literally exploded them into a thousand pieces. I would hear the heavy rattle of our six . 50 calibre machine guns and the dull thud and jolt of our cannon, a thousand yards away a hut (basha) would explode in a red flash and black smoke. I could see our tracers hitting the ground and ricocheting into the air. They appeared to eat their way into a basha. We averaged three burst of machine gun fire and three cannon shells per run. After each aircraft had made two passes, we concentrated our fire on the basha area the fighters had dive bombed. Two runs were made on these and then we started working over the flat bushy stretch of ground starting at the lake edge and then into town. This area contained trenches and dugouts which I strafed from my turret as we pulled out from a run. I could see no results from my fire. (Chuck Baisden)

    NEW GUINEA: US Forces occupy Hollandia. Subsidiary landings at Aitape are continuing as well.

    CANADA:

    Corvettes HMCS Trentonian, Lindsay and Louisburg departed Halifax to join Western Approaches Command. (Dave Shirlaw)

    U.S.A.: Destroyers USS Mannert L Abele and Strong launched.
    Destroyer USS Keppler laid down.

    Submarine USS Blower launched.

    Destroyer escort USS Charles E Brannon launched. (Dave Shirlaw)

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-193 listed as missing in the Bay of Biscay. No explanation exists for its loss. 59 dead (all hands lost).

    Destroyer HS Salamis (ex-HMS Boreas) lost a gun mount in heavy weather in Atlantic Ocean. (Dave Shirlaw)

  • U.S. BOMBING OF HAMM RAIL YARDS CAPS RECORD WEEK’S AIR ASSAULT (4/23/44)

    04/23/2014 4:23:59 AM PDT · 6 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/apr44/23apr44.htm#

    Germans counterattack in Estonia
    Sunday, April 23, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Eastern Front... German forces of Army Group North counterattack southwest of Narva.

    In New Guinea... Advancing US forces capture Hollandia without a fight; Tadji airfield is also taken. The advance inland encounters resistance near the village of Sabron. There is congestion on the beachheads.

    In Egypt... In port at Alexandria, a communist inspired mutiny aboard 5 Greek warships is suppressed by loyal Greek forces. A total of 50 casualties are reported.

  • U.S. BOMBING OF HAMM RAIL YARDS CAPS RECORD WEEK’S AIR ASSAULT (4/23/44)

    04/23/2014 4:23:03 AM PDT · 5 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Big Blow in Reich (Currivan) – 2
    U.S. Carriers Used in Raid on Sumatra – 2-3
    War News Summarized – 3
    First Land Planes Hit Marianas; New Guinea Airfields are Torn Up – 4
    Allies Optimistic on Battle in India – 5
    A Touch of the West in the South Pacific (photo) – 5
    Latest Casualties Reported by Army – 7
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 8-9
    The General Inspects His New Command (page 1 photo) – 9

    The News of the Week in Review
    Fifteen News Questions – 10
    “Wasting His Breath” (cartoon) – 11
    British Isles Guard Vital Invasion Secrets (Daniell) – 12-13
    Cut Off! (cartoon) – 13
    The Many-Sided Attack on Japan’s Empire (map) – 14
    Japan Must Now Meet Attack in All Sectors (Baldwin) – 15
    Bombers Strike at Strategic Centers of Europe’s Railway Network (map) – 17
    Great Railway System Aids German Defense (Middleton) – 18
    Report from the Nation (by Lawrence Dame, Virginius Dabney, James E. Crown, Louther S. Horne, Roland M. Jones, and Lawrence E. Davies) – 19-20
    Coming Home to Roost (cartoon) – 20
    Answers to Fifteen News Questions – 20

  • U.S. BOMBING OF HAMM RAIL YARDS CAPS RECORD WEEK’S AIR ASSAULT (4/23/44)

    04/23/2014 4:21:27 AM PDT · 4 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The first of these excerpts is continued from yesterday.

     photo 0423-bigblow22_zpsfe610b45.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

  • U.S. BOMBING OF HAMM RAIL YARDS CAPS RECORD WEEK’S AIR ASSAULT (4/23/44)

    04/23/2014 4:20:45 AM PDT · 3 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • U.S. BOMBING OF HAMM RAIL YARDS CAPS RECORD WEEK’S AIR ASSAULT (4/23/44)

    04/23/2014 4:19:21 AM PDT · 2 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Netherlands New Guinea; Hollandia, 1944 – Invasion of Hollandia, Operations of I Corps (Reckless Task Force)
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
    Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
    Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
    New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
    Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Marianas, Biak and Noemfoor, 22 April-24 July 1944, and Japanese Kon and “A” Go Operations 30 May-19 June 1944
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
  • U.S. BOMBING OF HAMM RAIL YARDS CAPS RECORD WEEK’S AIR ASSAULT (4/23/44)

    04/23/2014 4:17:28 AM PDT · 1 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • EXCLUSIVE--TEXAS AG ABBOTT TO BLM: 'COME AND TAKE IT'

    04/22/2014 3:03:33 PM PDT · 97 of 258
    Homer_J_Simpson to piytar
    From what I can tell, just to hurt some Texans. They don’t like us in DC for some reason...

    Heck, here in California we are the Fed's bestest friends ever. But somehow I don't feel a whole lot better off for it.

  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 9:05:51 AM PDT · 18 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to SomeCallMeTim
    Are there any details available on that “World Monetary Plan Adopted” headline??

    Not today. At some point there will be an article or two on the establishment of the IMF.

  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:29:18 AM PDT · 10 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick; fso301
    Tax-chick, April 17: Does anyone believe M’Arthur has no post-war political ambitions?

    fso301: Post-war ambitions are a different matter. At the moment, I believe the speculation revolves around this November's election. Nothing I have ever read suggested he was interested in the 1944 presidential election.

    Homer: Whoever supplied this item evidently though otherwise -

    “For MacArthur, who celebrated with a chocolate ice-cream soda as he toured the beach-heads, the victory is a consolation for his fading presidential hopes following his defeat in the Republican primary at Wisconsin three weeks ago.”

  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:27:17 AM PDT · 9 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/22.htm

    April 22nd, 1944 (SATURDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Submarine HMS Shalimar commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

    FRANCE: During the night, the Eighth Air Force flies Mission 312: 5 B-17s drop 1.44 million leaflets on Orleans, Tours, Paris, Nantes, Lille, Reims, Chartres and Rouen at 2251-2344 hours.

    The Ninth Air Force dispatches 400+ B-26s and about 90 A-20s to fly two missions against V-weapon sites in the area of Saint-Omer and Hesdin. (Jack McKillop)

    GERMANY: The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 311: 803 bombers and 859 fighters are dispatched to hit a marshalling yard at Hamm; the bombers claim 20-6-8 Luftwaffe aircraft and the fighters claim 40-2-16; 15 bombers and 13 fighters are lost:

    - 459 B-17s bomb the primary, 20 hit Bonn, 19 hit Soest, 15 hit Hamm City and 1 hits a target of opportunity; 8 B-17s are lost.

    - 179 B-24s hit the primary, 50 hit Koblenz and 36 hit targets of opportunity; 7 B-24s are lost.

    The escort is 132 P-38 Lightnings, 485 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts and 242 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-51s; 2 P-38s, 5 P-47s and 6 P-51s are lost. (Jack McKillop)
    U-795, U-1210 commissioned.

    U-326 launched. (Dave Shirlaw)

    ITALY: Twelfth Air Force B-25s bomb a bridge and tracks south of Ficulle and a bridge north of the town; other B-25s and B-26s attack San Stefano al Mare harbour, the northern section of Orvieto, Chiusi railroad bridge, viaducts south and west of Arezzo and Bucine, Certaldo railroad bridge, bridge approaches at Incisa in Valdarno, a bridge near Siena and viaduct at Poggibonsi; A-20s hit Valmontone ammunition dump and Sonnino; P-47s hit a railroad, trains, and tunnels in the Florence area and west of Chiusi, marshalling yard at Siena, a vessel south of Savona, railroad lines south of Orte and the town of Gaeta; and P-40s attack gun positions north of the Anzio beachhead and bomb the Ferentino dump area and towns of Fondi, Terracina and Formia. (Jack McKillop)

    U.S.S.R.: Moscow: Peace negotiations between Russia and Finland have been broken off, it was announced tonight by the Soviet vice-premier and vice-commissioner for foreign affairs, Andrei Vishinsky. This follows Finland’s rejection of the armistice terms. These included the breaking of relations with Germany, the re-establishment of the 1940 Soviet-Finnish treaty and the payment of £150,000,000 reparations in goods within five years. The Allies have approved the Soviet reply.

    EGYPT: Alexandria: The Greek naval commander-in-chief, Vice-Admiral Petros Voulgaris, is preparing to board five warships whose refusal to obey orders sparked a virtual strike by 12 April of all Greek navy seamen in Egypt. The First Division of the Greek Army has also rebelled against its officers. Britain is keeping an eye on developments. The mutiny’s causes are confused, but seem to stem from dissatisfaction with the Greek government in exile.

    INDIA: New Delhi: The Imperial Japanese army, already deeply enmeshed in a highly ambitious “March on Delhi” offensive from Burma, has now been committed to another equally ambitious offensive in China. Imperial headquarters has reinforced the China expeditionary force and ordered it to undertake an offensive to crush China.

    On 17 April, the Japanese First and Twelfth Armies, supported by 200 aircraft, began a drive to open an overland supply route to the Southern Army in Thailand and Malaya and to occupy the new Allied airfields in south-east China which the Americans are using to attack shipping in the Formosa Strait.

    The offensive also aims to prevent long-range American bombers from using Chinese airfields to bomb the Japanese home islands. Another Japanese army is driving towards French Indochina. The Chinese high command in Chungking has announced the advance of Japanese columns in Honan where the Japanese claim to have routed 300,000 Chinese.

    Three days before the Japanese attack, Chiang Kai-shek ordered divisions from Yunnan into Burma to help the hard-pressed General Stilwell. Until then, fearing a Japanese offensive, he had not only refused to help but had indicated that Chinese divisions already in Burma should “drag their feet”. Chiang was persuaded to send his troops into the Burma theatre after President Roosevelt had cabled a stern request.

    BURMA: 12 Tenth Air Force B-25s bomb Kamaing while 5 B-25s and 6 P-51 Mustangs attack ammunition and other supplies at Hopin; 3 B-25s and 4 P-51s hit a village northeast of Bhamo while 7 P-51s attack Gokteik Viaduct.

    Fourteenth Air Force P-40s on armed reconnaissance over northern Burma destroy 10 boxcars and a truck north of Lashio. (Jack McKillop)

    CHINA: The Japanese take Chengchow in Honan province, a railroad centre. (Jack McKillop)

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: 6 Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators attack a Japanese Singapore-to-Saigon convoy anchored off Cape St. Jacques and sink a transport, a fleet tanker, an army cargo vessel, and a merchant tanker; and damaging a tanker. Only an escort vessel, a submarine chaser, escapes the low-level onslaught unscathed. Another B-24 knocks out a bridge southwest of Vinh. (Jack McKillop)

    NEW GUINEA: US I Corps lands from TF 77 at Hollandia.

    In a swift lightning strike that has wrong footed the Japanese in northern New Guinea, a 52,000 strong Allied invasion force under General Douglas MacArthur today, in Operation PERSECUTION seized Hollandia, the administrative capital of Dutch New Guinea. The landings, made from 113 ships escorted by the US Fifth and Seventh Fleets, have cut off the escape route for General Adachi’s main force, estimated to be 50,000 men, now surrounded at Wewak, where Adachi expected the attack. At the same time Australian troops have closed on nearby Madang. The amphibious Allied force swept ashore this morning at Hollandia, Aitape and Tanahmera bay after US Navy aircraft from Pacific fleet carriers had destroyed over 100 Japanese aircraft on the ground at Hollandia and its support airstrips. The 24th and 41st Infantry Divisions of the I Corps land unopposed 25 miles apart; the 24th Infantry Division at Tanahmerah bay while the 41st Infantry Division lands at Humboldt Bay. In Operation RECKLESS, the 163rd Regimental Combat Team, 41st Infantry Division, lands unopposed at Aitape. (Jack McKillop)

    Hollandia was like a battered ghost town as the US advance guard, covered in red mud, entered. Everywhere there are signs of panic as the 12,000 strong garrison of middle-aged reservists fled into the jungle following a dawn bombardment that seriously damaged all of Hollandia’s buildings. In a bedroom a Japanese officer’s polished boots still stand by his bed, a neatly-pressed uniform hangs on the door. In the school the days lessons are still on the blackboard.

    For MacArthur, who celebrated with a chocolate ice-cream soda as he toured the beach-heads, the victory is a consolation for his fading presidential hopes following his defeat in the Republican primary at Wisconsin three weeks ago.

    20+ Fifth Air Force B-24s bomb airstrips on Noemfoor Island, Schouten Islands while 80+ B-24s and A-20s hit Boram and But Airfields and other targets in the Wewak area; 100+ B-24s and B-25s pound targets along Hansa Bay; and all through the day B-25s and fighter-bombers, in flights of 1 to 20+ aircraft, attack areas around Hansa Bay, Wewak, Bogia, Madang, and many other points along the northern and eastern coast of New Guinea; many of the strikes indirectly support Allied amphibious landings at Hollandia. (Jack McKillop)

    PACIFIC OCEAN: The Japanese lose two ships at sea: U.S. aircraft sink a transport off Murilo Island, Carolines and the British submarine HMS Taurus sinks a salvage vessel off Malaya. (Jack McKillop)

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: On New Britain Island, about 40 Thirteenth Air Force B-25s bomb supply areas at Ratawul and Talili Bay, attack Keravat and hit the area between Rapopo and Cape Gazelle; and 40+ fighter-bombers attack the runway and gun positions at Rapopo while 9 strike Lakunai airfield. (Jack McKillop)

    MARSHALL ISLANDS: US forces occupy Ungelap Island completing the campaign for the islands.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: During the night of 21/22 April, Seventh Air Force B-24s from Kwajalein Atoll bomb Wotje Atoll and other B-24s from Kwajalein follow with another raid on Wotje during the day.

    During the night of 22/23 April, 17 Thirteenth Air Force B-24s bomb Dublon, Param, and Eten Islands in Truk Atoll. (Jack McKillop)

    CANADA:
    Frigate HMCS New Waterford arrived Bermuda for work ups.

    Minesweeper HMCS Daerwood commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

    U.S.A.: “It is Love-Love-Love” by Guy Lombardo And His Royal Canadians with vocal by Skip Nelson and The Lombardo Trio reaches Number 1 on the Billboard Pop Singles chart in the U.S. This song, which debuted on the charts on 18 March 1944, was charted for 19 weeks, was Number 1 for 2 weeks and was ranked Number 17 for the year 1944. Also on this date, Andy Russell’s record of “Besame Mucho (Kiss Me Much)” makes it to the Billboard Pop Singles chart. This is his first single to make the charts and it stays there for 2 weeks reaching Number 10. (Jack McKillop)

    Escort carrier USS Salamaua launched.

    Submarine USS Ronquil commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: Frigates HMCS Matane and Swansea sank U-311 Kptlt Joachim Zander CO, at 52-09N, 19-07W. Of the crew of 51 there were no survivors. Escort Group 9, commanded by A/Cdr Layard, was operating independently when ordered to join a nearby RAF ‘Wellington’ patrol a/c that had gained a radar contact on a probable U-boat. A deliberate search by Matane and Swansea, supported by the frigate Stormont and corvette Owen Sound, produced a firm ASDIC contact. The U-boat was moving rapidly right as Matane closed for a deliberate ‘Hedgehog’ attack (indicating close range) when a periscope was sighted at only 200 yards on Matane’s starboard bow. The Hedgehog attack was abandoned and an urgent depth charge attack was carried out. Swansea followed with a deliberate d/c attack, after which contact was lost. It was not until the mid-1980’s that record reconstruction proved that U-311 had been sunk in this engagement. (Dave Shirlaw)

  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:26:08 AM PDT · 8 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/apr44/22apr44.htm#

    US landings at Hollandia
    Saturday, April 22, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In New Guinea... American forces begin operations against Japanese positions at Hollandia and nearby. The US 1st Corps (General Eichelberger) lands at Aitape, Tanahmerah Bay and Humboldt Bay. The American force totals 84,000 men. Task Force 77 (Admiral Barbey) provides transport for the landing force. Cruiser forces under the command of Admiral Crutchley and Admiral Berkey provide a covering force. Task Force 58 (Admiral Mitscher) provides additional naval support. The Japanese forces number 11,000 under the command of General Adachi. The operation proves a surprise and the Japanese retire inland.

    In the Marshall Islands... US forces occupy Ungelap Island, completing the campaign.

    In China... Japanese forces capture Chengchow (Honan).

  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:25:28 AM PDT · 7 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    5,040 Ton RAF Blow – 2-3
    Marauders Wing for Home after Blasting Nazi Base (photo) – 3
    Tito’s Forces get Soviet Aid by Air (Sulzberger) – 4
    War News Summarized – 4
    Enemy is Circling China Rail Center – 5
    Foe Pushed back Farther in India – 6
    Churchill Says Empire Fits into Plan for World Peace (Daniel) – 6-7
    Patton Gets Post Linked to Invasion (Middleton) – 7
    Awaiting the Day: Fighter Planes to Provide ‘Umbrella’ for Invasion (photos) – 8
    Latest War Casualties – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s War Communiques – 10-11
    Foe Reports Armada Loading for Invasion – 11
    News of Food (Holt) – 12
    Forum is Opened on Conservation (by Mary Madison, first-time contributor) – 12-13
    Bowles Refuses Milk Price Rise – 13
  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:23:49 AM PDT · 6 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top Ten for the Week of April 22, 1944

    #1 - “It’s Love Love Love” - Guy Lombardo, with the Skip Nelson Trio
    #2 - “Holiday for Strings” – David Rose
    #3 – “I Love You” – Bing Crosby
    #4 - “Besame Mucho” – Jimmy Dorsey, with Bob Eberly and Kitty Kallen
    #5 – “I’ll Get By” - Harry James, with Dick Haymes (reissue of 1941 recording)
    #6 - “When They Ask about You” - Jimmy Dorsey, with Kitty Kallen
    #7 – “San Fernando Valley” - Bing Crosby
    #8 - “Poinciana” – Bing Crosby
    #9 - “Mairzy Doats” – Merry Macs
    #10 – “Besame Mucho” – Andy Russell

  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:23:12 AM PDT · 5 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    [Continued from April 17.]

    The Mutiny in the Greek Brigade was also approaching a crisis.

    Prime Minister to General Paget 22 Apr 44

    If you find it necessary to open fire on the mutineers’ camp you should consider whether you might not start with a few ranging shots directed on their batteries which are aiming at you. If they make no reply, after an appropriate interval let them have a stiffer dose, and at the same time tell them the weight of fire which you are ready to direct on them if they persist. We are prepared to use the utmost force, but let us avoid slaughter if possible. It is proposed that the onus should lie to the account of the British rather than of the slender, tottering Greek Govetnment.

    Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:22:37 AM PDT · 4 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from March 5.

     photo 0422-5040-ton17_zps3a57138a.jpg

     photo 0422-5040-ton18_zps0334f506.jpg

    Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., The 32d Infantry Division in World War II

  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:20:17 AM PDT · 3 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:19:46 AM PDT · 2 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0422-5040-ton14_zps1dce7742.jpg

     photo 0422-5040-ton15_zpsf4fa3da7.jpg
  • RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)

    04/22/2014 4:18:57 AM PDT · 1 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • ALLIED FLEET ATTACKS SUMATRA; CARRIER PLANES BLAST AIR BASES (4/21/44)

    04/21/2014 4:21:59 AM PDT · 7 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/21.htm

    April 21st, 1944 (FRIDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Corvette HMCS Mayflower completed work ups and departed for Greenock to join Western Approaches Command for invasion duties. As was the case before Operation TORCH, the concentration of naval power before Operation NEPTUNE required adjustments in convoy scheduling and escort arrangements. The average size of the ONS convoys for 1944 was 38 ships. In the period between Apr and Sep 44, the average ONS convoy size was 92 ships, with seven that numbered over 100 ships. This included the ‘monster’ convoy ON-249 of 153 merchant ships. Only one ship was lost to enemy action during this period.

    HMCS Hespeler departed Londonderry, to join the escort for the 111-ship Liverpool to New York City Convoy ONS-233. The convoy arrived safely in New York on 09 May 44.
    Destroyer HMS Hogue launched.

    Frigate HMS Awe commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

    FRANCE: Paris: The Sacrè Couer at Montmartre is damaged in an air raid.

    236 Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauders and 34 A-20s attack gun positions, coastal defences and V-weapons sites at Etaples, at Berck-sur-Mer, near Doullens, and in the Saint-Omer, Abbeville, and Amiens area; 4 B-26s are lost.

    BELGIUM: ; 175+ Ninth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts dive-bomb marshalling yards and concentrations at Montignies-sur-Sambre, Hasselt, Namur, and Haine-Saint-Pierre (France).

    GERMANY:
    U-875 commissioned.

    U-2324 laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)

    ITALY: Naples: Marshal Pietro Badoglio forms a coalition government.

    Twelfth Air Force A-20s blast an ammunition dump while P-47s attack train, rail lines, and motor transport behind enemy lines; other P-47s, along with P-40s and A-36 Apaches, attack railway lines and trains between Rome and Terni, between Rome and Tivoli, and between Orte and Attigliano; hit a motor transport concentration northeast of Rome; and attack several bivouac areas and gun positions in the battle areas.

    ROMANIA: 100+ Fifteenth Air Force B-24s bomb marshalling yards at Bucharest; all 17 bomb groups dispatched are recalled due to bad weather but 7 groups fail to receive the recall signal; 150+ P-38s and P-51s are dispatched as escort; 40+ rendezvous with the B-24s and battle some 30 enemy fighters that attack the bomber force; the other fighters, failing to meet the bombers, engage about 40 enemy fighters; the bombers and fighters claim 35 aerial combat victories; 10 US aircraft are shot down.

    U.S.S.R.: Black Sea Fleet: (Sergey Anisimov)(69)Submarine loss.”L-6” - by surface ships, North to Constanta.

    German Colonel-General (Generaloberst) Ferdinand Schorner begs Hitler to evacuate the 17th German-Romanian Army from Sevastopol. Once again, Hitler ignores a top military commander. He orders “Fortress Sevastopol” to hold out for eight weeks to discourage Turkey from joining the Allies. Hitler doesn’t know that the Turks have already decided to remain neutral. (Mikko Härmeinen)

    BURMA: Lt. Carter Harman of the 1st Air Commando made the first helicopter combat rescue in military history flying a Sikorsky YR-4, when he made 4 separate flights some ten miles into Japanese held territory to take out a light plane pilot who had made an emergency landing along with three wounded British soldiers. The underpowered aircraft would only take one passenger at a time. (Chuck Baisden)

    The Tenth Air Force dispatches 12 B-25s and 14 P-51 Mustangs to attack Indaw and Mawlu, causing several fires in supply dumps and in the general target areas; 12 B-25s bomb the camp and supply area at Kamaing. 8 B-24s bomb storage and fuel dumps at Lashio and bomb Namtu; 13 B-24s bomb Maymyo while 5 B-25s knock out 3 bridges in the Tangon area; and 4 P-51s knock out a bridge at Shweli.
    Twelve Fourteenth Air Force P-40s fly armed reconnaissance over roads, strafing bridges, buildings, steamrollers, trucks, and troops in areas around Takaw, Bhamo, Loiwing, Kutkai, Hsenwi, and Lashio; at least 3 steamrollers and 7 trucks are destroyed.
    (Jack McKillop)

    Air Commando Combat Mission No. 47 2:55 Flight Time. Bombed Japanese troops at Mawlu for the 4th day in a row. (Chuck Baisden)

    NEW GUINEA: The US TF 58 attacks Japanese airbases at Sawar, Sarmi, Wakde Island and Hollandia to pave the way for tomorrow’s landings.

    Amplifying the above, Task Forces 58 and 78 begin a preinvasion aerial bombardment. Fighters from Task Group 58.1 attack Wakde Island and Sarmi at dawn and then surface vessels and aircraft of the two Task Forces attack Aitape, Hollandia, airfields in the Hollandia area and Wakde Islands. Many Japanese aircraft are strafed on the ground but the fuel has been removed from them and few burn.

    The aviation composition of these two Task Forces is:

    TF 58

    TG 58.1

    USS Bataan (CVL-29) with Light Carrier Air Group Fifty (CVLG-50)

    USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24) with CVLG-24

    USS Cowpens (CVL-25) with CVLG-22

    USS Hornet (CV-12) with Carrier Air Group Two (CVG-2) TG 58.2

    USS Bunker Hill (CV-17) with CVG-8

    USS Cabot (CVL-28) with CVLG-29

    USS Monterey (CVL-26) with CVLG-30

    USS Yorktown (CV-10) with CVG-5

    TG 58.3

    USS Enterprise (CV-6) with CVG-10

    USS Langley (CVL-27) with CVLG-32

    USS Lexington (CV-16) with CVG-16

    USS Princeton (CVL-23) with CVLG-23

    TF 78

    TG 78.1

    USS Chenango (CVE-28) with Escort Carrier Air Group Thirty Five (CVEG-35)

    USS Sangamon (CVE-26) with CVEG-37

    USS Santee (CVE-29) with CVEG-26

    USS Suwannee (CVE-27) with Composite Squadron Three (VC-3) TG 78.2

    USS Coral Sea (CVE-57) with VC-33

    USS Corregidor (CVE-58) with VC-41

    USS Manila Bay (CVE-61) with VC-7

    USS Natoma Bay (CVE-62) with VC-63 (Jack McKillop)

    21 Fifth Air Force B-24s bomb airstrips on Noemfoor Island, Schouten Islands while about 320 B-24s, B-25s, and A-20s hit numerous targets in the Tadji, Wewak, and Madang areas.

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: In spite of heavy weather in the Bismarck Archipelago, 24 Thirteenth Air Force B-25s bomb the Matupi supply area on New Britain Island.

    MARSHALL ISLANDS: Seventh Air Force B-25s based on Abemama Island use Majuro Atoll as a shuttle base to bomb Jaluit and Maloelap Atolls.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: Seventh Air Force B-24s from Kwajalein Atoll hit Wotje Atoll while B-24s from Eniwetok Atoll, staging through Kwajalein, bomb Truk Atoll. B-25s from Engebi Island, Eniwetok Atoll, bomb Ponape Island.

    SOLOMON ISLANDS: 11 Thirteenth Air Force P-39Airacobras, closed out of Rabaul, New Britain Island in the Bismarck Archipelago, bomb Tinputs Harbor on Bougainville Island.

    CANADA: Frigate HMCS Poundmaker launched Montreal, Province of Quebec. (Dave Shirlaw)

    U.S.A.: Destroyer USS Frank E Evans laid down.

    Destroyer minelayer USS Henry A Wiley launched.
    Destroyer escort USS Conklin commissioned.

    Submarine USS Croaker commissioned.

    Minesweeper USS Mainstay commissioned.

    Escort carrier USS Thetis Bay commissioned.

    (Dave Shirlaw)

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: 2 men died when they were stranded topside during an emergency dive by U-860 to avoid an incoming aircraft. [Matrosengefreiter Alfons Robalewsky, Bootsmaat Rudolf Versic]. (Dave Shirlaw)

  • ALLIED FLEET ATTACKS SUMATRA; CARRIER PLANES BLAST AIR BASES (4/21/44)

    04/21/2014 4:20:12 AM PDT · 6 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/apr44/21apr44.htm#

    US Navy bombards New Guinea
    Friday, April 21, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In New Guinea... US Task Force 58 (Admiral Mitscher) attacks Wakde Island, Sawar, Sarmi and Hollandia. The American force includes 12 carriers and cruisers. Aircraft strike during the day and cruisers bombard the Japanese positions at night.

    Over Occupied Europe... British bombers drop a total of 4500 tons of bombs on four rail junctions: Cologne, La Chappelle (Paris), Lens and Ottignies (Brussels).

    In Liberated Italy... Marshal Badoglio forms a coalition government.

  • ALLIED FLEET ATTACKS SUMATRA; CARRIER PLANES BLAST AIR BASES (4/21/44)

    04/21/2014 4:19:22 AM PDT · 5 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Indies Port Ruined (Currivan) – 2
    Stilwell Men Ring Division in Burma – 3
    Allied Unity Seen in Blow at Sabang (Shalett) – 3
    Combined Operations the Brought Allied Forces behind Enemy Lines in Burma (photos) – 4-5
    Fliers Out at Dusk – 6
    Russians Believed Massing for Drive (Middleton) – 7
    Soldiers in Pacific to Get Furloughs on Percentage Basis (Trumbull) – 7
    Latest Casualties Reported by Army – 8-9
    War News Summarized – 9
    Indecisive War in Orient (Baldwin) – 10
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 11-13
  • ALLIED FLEET ATTACKS SUMATRA; CARRIER PLANES BLAST AIR BASES (4/21/44)

    04/21/2014 4:18:04 AM PDT · 4 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from April 14.

     photo 0421-indies15_zpsf2f34655.jpg

    Barbara W. Tuchman, Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-45

  • ALLIED FLEET ATTACKS SUMATRA; CARRIER PLANES BLAST AIR BASES (4/21/44)

    04/21/2014 4:16:26 AM PDT · 3 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • ALLIED FLEET ATTACKS SUMATRA; CARRIER PLANES BLAST AIR BASES (4/21/44)

    04/21/2014 4:15:47 AM PDT · 2 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
    Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
    Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
    New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
    Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
  • ALLIED FLEET ATTACKS SUMATRA; CARRIER PLANES BLAST AIR BASES (4/21/44)

    04/21/2014 4:15:17 AM PDT · 1 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • ALLIES STEP UP RECORD BOMBING, DROPPING 8,000 TONS IN 36 HOURS (4/20/44)

    04/20/2014 5:50:36 AM PDT · 7 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/20.htm

    April 20th, 1944 (THURSDAY)

    FRANCE: Paris: Tonight an Allied air raid kills 641 people.

    The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 309: 842 bombers and 388 fighters are dispatched to hit V-weapon sites in France; 24 of 33 sites briefed are hit; 9 bombers and 2 fighters are lost:

    - 438 B-17s hit sites in the Pas de Calais and Cherbourg areas; 19 others hit targets of opportunity; 7 B-17s are lost.

    - 113 B-24s hit sites in the Pas de Calais area; 2 B-24s are lost.

    Escort is provided by 89 P-38s, 211 P-47 Thunderbolts and 88 P-51 Mustangs; they claim 4-0-2 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 4-0-0 on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost.

    The Ninth Air Force dispatches almost 400 B-26 Marauders and A-20 Havocs to attack gun positions at Etaples, Bazinghen, Villerville, Gravelines and Fecamp, the airfield at Poix, and V-weapon sites and targets of opportunity in the Pas de Calais area; nearly 140 P-47s bomb marshalling yards at Creil and Mantes-La-Jolie. (Jack McKillop)

    Countdown to D-Day:

    Field Marshal Rommel, commander, Army Group B,
    stays at his headquarters at La Roche-Guyon today,
    catching up on paperwork and chairing a number of
    sessions with his staff. They attend a number of
    subjects, including the distribution of an incoming
    supply of “nutcracker” mines, the manufacture of
    tetrahedrons, and areas along the coast where they
    are needed, and the repositioning of several units.

    That evening, the headquarters is in a festive mood.
    First of all, it is a going away party for the outgoing
    Chief of Staff, Alfred Gause, and the staff has really
    put forth an effort to make this a festive occasion.
    Second, it is the Führer’s birthday, and the more
    celebration that is done, the better it looks to outsiders.

    The Rochfoucauld family, residing upstairs over the
    noisy routine of a busy headquarters, has been invited
    to the evening’s celebration, and they have graciously
    accepted invitation. The duke’s younger son, dressed
    in the uniform of the French navy attends. The duchess
    donates a bouquet of lilacs and four bottles of her best
    wine — a 1900 claret - for the party.

    The celebration begins. They are all present: Rommel,
    his senior staff officers, the duke and his family, their
    young, pretty daughter Charlotte (escorted by a number
    of Rommel’s junior officers), and most of the administrative
    staff.

    After a fine dinner, Rommel gets up and addresses his
    audience. He prefaces his remarks with a well-intended
    congratulatory comments recognizing the Führer’s birthday,
    and noting the strength that he has given their country.

    He then begins an oratory on the finer qualities of his
    outgoing chief of staff. He tells them of their struggles
    together in the French campaign, and later in North
    Africa. Rommel of course takes great fervour in outlining
    Gause’s many and varied accomplishments during this
    time, sometimes describing in detail this episode, or
    recanting with a caustic tone some tale of woe
    that had befallen them.

    At the end of the speech, after the applause dies down,
    Gause stands and addresses the Rommel and his
    attendants. He tells him of the privilege it has been
    working for him, and that he has enjoyed working with
    all of them. Formally recognizing members of the
    Kriegsmarine and the Luftwaffe, he beseeches them to
    strive to work together against the enemy, and to resist
    trifling in petty power squabbles.

    The final speaker is the Operations Officer, Colonel von
    Tempelhoff, who puts in a few choice words welcoming
    in Hans Speidel, and hoping, on behalf of the staff, that
    Gause fines happiness in his future, and satisfaction in
    his next assignment. Rumour has it that, based on
    Rommel’s recommendation, he is going to get command
    of a panzer division.

    Then the “unofficial” part of the evening begins. Gause is
    informed that, after due consideration by the staff members,
    he has been elected the “Tetrarch of the Tetragoner,” with
    a fancy (though unrefined) dark blue coat of arms.

    Charlotte is waltzed around the dancing area by several
    keen young men, while the senior officers spend their
    time in glittering conversation.

    Even though there is work to be done the next day, the
    party does not wind down until about two in the morning -
    unusual for the staff, but appropriate for the occasion.

    Peter Margaritis

    GERMANY: The so-called British Free Corps of the Waffen-SS holds its inaugural parade at the Haus Germanien in the St Michaeli Kloster, Hildesheim. Present are a small German staff and fourteen assorted British renegades including the senior NCO, SS-Oberscharfuehrer Thomas Cooper, a former concentration camp guard and veteran of ‘aktions’ in the Warsaw and Cracow ghettoes. After a brief speech from the German commanding officer and the formal presentation of rank insignia and side-arms, the British traitors are despatched to begin recruiting at POW camps throughout the Reich. (Adrian Weale)

    U.S.S.R.: Soviet planes, destroyers, submarines and torpedo boats attack German and Romanian ships evacuating the 17th German-Romanian Army from Sevastopol. During the next three weeks, the Soviets will sink 10 Axis ships, but the sea lift will rescue more than 42,000 troops. (Jack McKillop)

    ITALY: B-25s and B-26s of the Twelfth Air Force score hits on a marshalling yard and 3 fuel dumps at Leghorn and near misses on Cecina and Certaldo bridges and Arezzo viaduct; fighter-bombers hit railroad lines and fuel dump in the Florence area; bridges, dump, rail lines and train cars near Civitavecchia and Zagarolo, at Sezze, near Ladispoli, southwest of Stimipliano and north of Monterotondo; and guns south of Albano Laziale; in the battle area around Cassino fighter-bombers blast several gun positions and hit bridges, trucks, troops and other targets, at several points, including Falconara, Recanati, San Benedetto de Marsi, and the Fondi-Itri and Orte-Orvieto areas.

    300+ Fifteenth Air Force B-17s and B-24s attack targets in Italy; the B-17s bomb marshalling yards at Ancona, Castelfranco, Padua and Vicenza and Venice harbour installations; the B-24s hit marshalling yards at Mestre, Reviso and Fano, Venice harbour, Monfalcone dockyards and Trieste; 180+ other heavy bombers dispatched against communications targets in northern Italy are forced to abort due to bad weather; about 250 fighters provide cover for the bombing raids. (Jack McKillop)

    MEDITERRANEAN SEA: German torpedo planes and submarine U-969 attack the 87-ship convoy UGS-38 in the Mediterranean off the coast of Algeria. The destroyer USS Landsdale (DD-426) is sunk by aerial torpedo; the survivors are rescued by two destroyer escorts. The US freighter SS Paul Hamilton is struck by an aerial torpedo and disintegrates; the 47-man merchant crew, the 29-man Armed Guard and 504 troops aboard are all killed. (Jack McKillop)
    TURKEY stops chrome exports to Germany under diplomatic pressure from the Allies.

    INDIA: British forces reach the besieged Kohima garrison, but Japan still holds the surrounding land.

    INDIAN OCEAN: During Operation COCKPIT, an Allied task force consisting of ships of the British Eastern Fleet, including the aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious, and the US aircraft carrier USS Saratoga (CV-3) and three US destroyers, attacks Japanese ships and positions at Sabang, Netherlands East Indies. This is the first joint naval exercise in the Indian Ocean. (Jack McKillop)

    BURMA: 11 Tenth Air Force B-25s hit a bivouac and supply area northwest of Manywet. (Jack McKillop)

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: With improved weather conditions bombing of targets in the Bismarck Archipelago by the Thirteenth Air Force resumes; on New Britain Island, 22 B-25s hit the Matupi supply area and 40+ fighter-bombers blast the airfields at Lakunai and Keravat. (Jack McKillop)

    MARSHALL ISLANDS: Tarawa-based Seventh Air Force B-25s, using Majuro Atoll as a shuttle base between strikes, bomb Maloelap and Jaluit Atolls. (Jack McKillop)

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: Thirteenth Air Force B-24s bomb Woleai Atoll. (Jack McKillop)

    NEW GUINEA: Fifth Air Force B-24s bomb airfields on Noemfoor Island, Schouten Islands. In New Guinea, B-25s, A-20s, and fighters hit a variety of targets around Hollandia, on Cape Croisilles, in the Bunabun area and along Hansa Bay. (Jack McKillop)

    WAKE ISLAND: Seventh Air Force B-24s from Kwajalein Atoll search the area near Wake Island for shipping; finding none, the bombers hit Wake and Peale Islands. (Jack McKillop)

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Submarine USS Seahorse (SS-304) sinks Japanese submarine HIJMS RO-45 off the Marianas. (Jack McKillop)

    U.S.A.: The documentary short “It’s Your War Too” is released in the U.S. This ten-minute documentary film details the history of the U.S. Army’s Women’s Army Corps, the WACS. (Jack McKillop)

  • ALLIES STEP UP RECORD BOMBING, DROPPING 8,000 TONS IN 36 HOURS (4/20/44)

    04/20/2014 5:49:26 AM PDT · 6 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/apr44/20apr44.htm#

    Germans using human torpedoes
    Thursday, April 20, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In the Mediterranean... During the night (April 20-21), the Germans use Neger (in English: Negro) human torpedoes against shipping off Anzio. A total of 37 are launched from beaches and 24 are lost. No results are achieved. Meanwhile, 6 Allied merchant ships are hit by torpedo planes near the Straits of Gibraltar.

    In Ankara... The Turkish government orders an end to chrome exports to Germany in response to increasing to Allied pressure.

    In Burma... The Allied garrison on Summer House Hill, Kohima, is relieved by the British 2nd Division.

    Over Britain... There is an abortive night raid on Hull.

  • ALLIES STEP UP RECORD BOMBING, DROPPING 8,000 TONS IN 36 HOURS (4/20/44)

    04/20/2014 5:48:26 AM PDT · 5 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Nazis Fight Feebly (Middleton) – 2-3
    2d Sicilian Error Cost 5 U.S. Planes – 3
    War News Summarized – 3
    Kohima Siege Ends – 4-5
    Men of Odessa Catacombs Rose Up to Smash at Enemy (Lawrence) – 5-6
    The Allied Fifth Army Evacuation Hospital (photo) – 7
    Latest War Casualties in the Army and Navy – 8
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 9-10
  • ALLIES STEP UP RECORD BOMBING, DROPPING 8,000 TONS IN 36 HOURS (4/20/44)

    04/20/2014 5:47:27 AM PDT · 4 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Here is a brief (1:43) BBC clip by Wynford Vaughan Thomas reporting from the beachhead.

    “Springtime at Anzio”

     photo 0420-nazis12_zps9036bd8a.jpg

    Wynford Vaughan Thomas
  • ALLIES STEP UP RECORD BOMBING, DROPPING 8,000 TONS IN 36 HOURS (4/20/44)

    04/20/2014 5:46:39 AM PDT · 3 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • ALLIES STEP UP RECORD BOMBING, DROPPING 8,000 TONS IN 36 HOURS (4/20/44)

    04/20/2014 5:45:56 AM PDT · 2 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
    Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
    Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
    New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
    Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
  • ALLIES STEP UP RECORD BOMBING, DROPPING 8,000 TONS IN 36 HOURS (4/20/44)

    04/20/2014 5:45:23 AM PDT · 1 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • Reading the Bible in the Dark (the Easter Vigil)

    04/19/2014 10:29:44 PM PDT · 15 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson to married21; Coleus
    I’ll be reading from Baruch.

    We didn't get that far. It turns out there is an escape clause in the liturgy that says if there are 8 or more baptisms you only read the first 3 readings. I lost count but we must have had 13 or 14 at least.

  • 2,000 U.S. PLANES ATTACK BERLIN AND 2 AIRCRAFT PLANTS NEAR CITY (4/19/44)

    04/19/2014 5:09:41 AM PDT · 8 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/19.htm

    April 19th, 1944 (WEDNESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: USAAF tactics summary for Operation No. 308.

    “Me-109’s and FW-190’s participated in the only interception of the day, An estimated force of 50 fighters, protected by an additional 50 flying as top cover, made attacks which persisted for only about eight minutes on one Combat Wing. One mass attack was made head-on as the enemy aircraft dived through the formation in large Groups without taking any evasive action. After this one pass at the entire Combat Wing, the fighters directed their efforts at stragglers and the trailing elements. In these instances, the enemy aircraft attack in Groups of three astern, coming in level from the six o’clock position and closing to about 600 yards before breaking away.”

    (Scott Burris)

    FRANCE: Railway links and river crossings throughout northern and western France - vital for Germany’s defence against an Allied invasion - are being attacked with unprecedented fury by RAF and USAAF bombers. In 36 hours some 7,000 tons of bombs have been dropped. Pilots are ordered to pick their targets with care to ensure that French casualties are kept to a minimum.

    Last night, RAF Lancasters and Halifaxes struck at rail links outside Paris and at Rouen, dropping 4,000 tons of bombs. It was the biggest load carried in a single raid. In order to conceal the intended invasion area, for every ton of bombs dropped behind the invasion zone the Allies are dropping two tons elsewhere in France.

    Aircraft losses are falling; 14 bombers were lost last night and five in the earlier raids. The Germans are believed to be restricting their use of fighters because of dwindling supplies of aviation fuel caused by Allied bombing of oil refineries.

    The Eighth Air Force flies Part 2 of Mission 308 27 B-24s bomb V-weapon sites at Watten; 1 B-24 is lost; escort is provided by 47 Ninth Air Force P-47s without loss. (Jack McKillop)

    GERMANY: The Eighth Air Force Mission 308.

    During Part 1 of this mission: 772 bombers and 697 fighters are dispatched in 3 forces; they claim 17-1-6 Luftwaffe aircraft; 5 bombers and 2 fighters are lost.

    - 271 B-17s hit the Kassel area, Eschwege Airfield, Limburg and a target of opportunity; 5 B-17s are lost.

    - 243 B-17s hit Lippstadt and Werl Airfields and a target of opportunity without loss.

    - 230 B-24s bomb Paderborn and Gutersloh Airfields, Soest, Koblenz, Buren and targets of opportunity without loss.

    Escort for the three forces above is provided by 127 P-38s, 439 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts and 131 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-51s; they claim 16-1-2 Luftwaffe aircraft; 2 P-51s are lost.

    The Ninth Air Force dispatches 350+ B-26 Marauders and A-20s to bomb marshalling yards, city areas, and targets of opportunity at Gunzburg, Ulm, Neu Ulm, Donauworth, and Schelklingen; fighters fly over 1,200 sorties against a variety of targets in north-western Europe. (Jack McKillop)

    ITALY: Twelfth Air Force B-26s hit the Cecina railroad bridge and Ancona marshalling yard while B-25s hit a marshalling yard at Piombino; P-47s hit railroad tracks, a marshalling yard, junction, and railway cars between Pontedera and Empoli and between Figline Valdarno and San Giovanni Valdarno. (Jack McKillop)

    U.S.S.R.: The Red Army battles for Sevastopol.

    Action along the Soviet front subsides as spring mud and floods make movement impossible. The exception is the Crimea, where Tolbukhin’s 4th Ukrainian Army is closing on Sevastopol. (Jack McKillop)

    CHINA: Japanese troops strike south along the Peking to Hankow railway, in Honan province.

    The Japanese offensive gathers momentum as the 12th Army pushes down the Peking-Hankow Railroad toward four B-29 bases of the U. S. 14th Air Force. The Japanese easily defeat Chiang Kai-shek’s poorly led, equipped and trained army. (Jack McKillop)

    BURMA: Air Commando Combat Mission NO.45 4:05 Flight Time Hailiakandi, Assam to Mawlu, Burma Bombed Japanese troops (Chuck Baisden)

    Air Commando (2nd mission) Combat Mission N0.46 2:55 Flight Time Same as mission 45.

    Notes: Am now taking atabrine tablets and skin is turning a bit yellow but no fever, chills or backaches. We are getting a ration of beer and I’ve got a case under my cot. Officers coming around to swap their booze for beer.

    Our S/Sgt crew chief got himself all warped out of shape on a bottle of Bombay gin. Came into Col. Alison’s office with Gin bottle in one hand and a machete in the other. Demanded a promotion which of course he did not get. I was never sure of the exact outcome of this incident as he continued to do the maintenance work on our plane but in a rather subdued and quiet manner. (Chuck Baisden)

    The Tenth Air Force dispatches 6 B-25s and 8 P-51 Mustangs to attack troops and stores northwest of Banmauk; 10 P-38s hit the airfield near Meiktila; and 5 P-51s attack troop positions near Mawlu and a bridge at Shweli.

    Four Fourteenth Air Force P-40s attack the village of Takaw causing several fires and sink a ferry- boat in the area. (Jack McKillop)
    EAST INDIES: Sumatra: Admiral Sommerville’s British Eastern Fleet including the carrier USS Saratoga (CV-3), British carrier HMS Illustrious and three US destroyers attacks Japanese ships and positions at Sebang, as part of Operation Cockpit to divert attention from the start of landings at Hollandia, in New Guinea. This is the first joint naval exercise in the Indian Ocean. (Jack McKillop)

    NEW GUINEA: Fifth Air Force B-24s hit Urarom and Manokwari while B-25s, A-20s, and fighter aircraft strike a wide variety of targets around Hollandia, Aitape, Bogia, Uligan, Bunabun, Madang and Cape Croisilles. (Jack McKillop)

    SOLOMON ISLANDS: Thirteenth Air Force fighters hit the Numa Numa area on Bougainville Island. (Jack McKillop)

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: Three Fourteenth Air Force B-25s damage a bridge at Thanh Moi and score hits on railroad and buildings south of the bridge. (Jack McKillop)

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: 38 Thirteenth Air Force fighter-bombers hit supply areas on Matupi Island. (Jack McKillop)

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: Seventh Air Force B-24s, staging through Eniwetok Atoll, bomb Truk Atoll while B-25s from the Gilbert Islands strike Ponape Island.

    21 Thirteenth Air Force B-24s bomb the airfield at Satawan Atoll, hitting the target area with about 50 tons of high explosives while B-24s bomb Woleai Atoll.

    During the night of 19/20 April, RAAF Catalinas mine the waters in and around Woleai Atoll. (Jack McKillop)

    U.S.A.: Washington: President Roosevelt has given the go-ahead to make Lend-Lease contracts for a further year. The House of Representatives approved the move by a huge majority today. But behind the scenes intensive talks are going on about what to do about international payments now that the war is ending. Lend-Lease has provided the munitions, industrial materials and food for Britain to fight; now some Americans feel that the country is strong enough to start paying its way again.

    In baseball, New York Giants manager and right fielder Mel Ott hits the first National League home run of the season, the 464th of his career, helping the Giants defeat the Boston Braves, 2-1. Ott will finish the season with a .288 batting average and 26 home runs.

    Ott retires from the playing field after the 1946 season with a career .304 batting average and 511 home runs. During the 1948 season, he is replaced as manager halfway through the season by Leo Durocher. (Jack McKillop)

  • 2,000 U.S. PLANES ATTACK BERLIN AND 2 AIRCRAFT PLANTS NEAR CITY (4/19/44)

    04/19/2014 5:08:18 AM PDT · 7 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/apr44/19apr44.htm#

    Soviets bombard Sevastopol
    Wednesday, April 19, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Eastern Front... The battle for Sevastopol continues as Soviet ships bombard the city. Elsewhere, Soviet advances end as the forces reach their logistical limits.

    In the Indian Ocean... The British Eastern Fleet (Admiral Somerville) is reinforced with the USS Saratoga. The carrier aircraft attack Japanese positions at Sabang and nearby airfields. One plane is lost and 27 Japanese planes are claimed to have been shot down.

    Over Occupied Europe... The RAF drops mines in the Danube River.

    In Washington... The House of Representatives approves an extension of Lend-Lease legislation.

  • 2,000 U.S. PLANES ATTACK BERLIN AND 2 AIRCRAFT PLANTS NEAR CITY (4/19/44)

    04/19/2014 5:07:21 AM PDT · 6 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Fliers Strike Hard (Middleton) – 2-3
    Invasion Plan Told – 3-4
    Red Army Slashes beyond Balaklava (Parker) – 4
    War News Summarized – 4
    Britons Astride Torpedoes Sank Enemy Cruiser in Port – 5
    The British Reveal a Secret Weapon (page 1 photo) – 5
    Poles in Russia Score Ukrainians – 6
    Scientific Curbs on Reich Pledged – 6
    Allies’ India Push Continues to Gain – 7
    Asks Pacific Bases for Future Safety – 7
    Navy Now Turning to Shore Attacks – 8
    Latest War Casualties – 10
    Pole Tells Story of Ghetto Battle (Denny) – 11 United Nations Council (Krock) – 11
    Australia Sets Fighting Mark (Baldwin) – 12
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the War – 13-14
  • 2,000 U.S. PLANES ATTACK BERLIN AND 2 AIRCRAFT PLANTS NEAR CITY (4/19/44)

    04/19/2014 5:05:45 AM PDT · 5 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    V-Mail from northern New Guinea.

     photo 0419-fliers17_zps335affbc.jpg
  • 2,000 U.S. PLANES ATTACK BERLIN AND 2 AIRCRAFT PLANTS NEAR CITY (4/19/44)

    04/19/2014 5:04:38 AM PDT · 4 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0419-fliers16_zps3db173c4.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

  • 2,000 U.S. PLANES ATTACK BERLIN AND 2 AIRCRAFT PLANTS NEAR CITY (4/19/44)

    04/19/2014 5:04:00 AM PDT · 3 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • 2,000 U.S. PLANES ATTACK BERLIN AND 2 AIRCRAFT PLANTS NEAR CITY (4/19/44)

    04/19/2014 5:03:20 AM PDT · 2 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
    Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
    Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
    New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
    Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
  • 2,000 U.S. PLANES ATTACK BERLIN AND 2 AIRCRAFT PLANTS NEAR CITY (4/19/44)

    04/19/2014 5:02:45 AM PDT · 1 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.