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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • JAPAN SURRENDERS TO ALLIES, SIGNS RIGID TERMS ON WARSHIP; TRUMAN SETS TODAY AS V-J DAY (9/2/45)

    09/02/2015 6:15:40 AM PDT · 26 of 74
    Homer_J_Simpson to Old Sarge
    Once again, Homer, a most magnificent effort on a long project, now complete.

    Not quite. One more day of news.

  • JAPAN SURRENDERS TO ALLIES, SIGNS RIGID TERMS ON WARSHIP; TRUMAN SETS TODAY AS V-J DAY (9/2/45)

    09/02/2015 4:43:21 AM PDT · 8 of 74
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/8/02.htm

    September 2nd, 1945 (SUNDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Press censorship ends.

    JAPAN: The battleship USS Missouri (BB-63) is the scene of the signing of formal surrender documents by representatives of the Japanese government. The “Mighty Mo” and much of the US 3rd Fleet is anchored in Tokyo Bay. (Picture)

    General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, commander of U.S. Army Forces in the Pacific, signs for the Allies; Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commander of the Pacific Ocean Areas and Pacific Fleet, for the U.S.; Admiral Sir Bruce A. Fraser, Commander-in-Chief, British Pacific Fleet, for Britain. Other Allied commanders were present along with former POW Lieutenant Generals Arthur Percival, former commander of the British Malaya Command and Jonathan Wainright, former commander the U.S. Far East Command. The Japanese Foreign Minister SHIGEMITSU Mamotu and General UMEZU Yoshijiro, Chief of Imperial General Staff, sign for the Japanese government. The treaty calls for a U.S. Army of Occupation which will rule the Japanese Home Islands, but Emperor Hirohito remains the head of state and Japanese political and police officials maintain their positions. The Americans progressively disband the high command and military organizations. U.S. forces occupy island possessions in the Pacific. Korea was placed under American and Soviet occupation, pending the establishment of a democratic Korean government. The Japanese cede the Kurile Islands and the southern half of Sakhalin to the U.S.S.R. Outer Mongolia becomes part of the Soviet sphere of influence and the Soviets share the facilities and supervision of Lushun (Port Arthur) and the Manchurian railways with China. The Chinese regain sovereignty over Inner Mongolia and Manchuria, as well as the islands of Taiwan (Formosa) and Hainan. The British regain control of Hong Kong.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Japanese submarine I-41 is sunk by USS Batfish (SS-31) north of Luzon. (Mike Yared)(144 and 145)

    Japanese troops in the Palau Islands; Truk Atoll; and Pagan and Rota Islands in the Mariana Islands, surrender to US forces.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: Vietnamese communist Ho Chi Minh declares the independence of Vietnam from France and proclaims himself president. The proclamation paraphrased the U.S. Declaration of Independence in declaring, “All men are born equal: the Creator has given us inviolable rights, life, liberty, and happiness!” He is cheered by an enormous crowd gathered in Hanoi’s Ba Dinh Square.

    CANADA: HMC ML 116 paid off.

    U.S.A.: Top pop songs include “If I Loved You” and “Till the End of Time” by Perry Como; “On The Atchison, Topeka And Santa Fe” by Johnny Mercer; and “You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often” by Tex Ritter.

  • JAPAN SURRENDERS TO ALLIES, SIGNS RIGID TERMS ON WARSHIP; TRUMAN SETS TODAY AS V-J DAY (9/2/45)

    09/02/2015 4:42:26 AM PDT · 7 of 74
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    War Comes to End – 2
    The Texts of the Official Statements and Orders Issued About the Surrender of Japan – 3-5
    Bringing a Formal end to Hostilities between Japan and the Allies (photo) – 5
    Japan’s Surrender Ordered over Militarist Opposition (Kluckhohn) – 6
    Tokyo Aides Weep as General Signs – 7-8
    Japanese Delegation Boards the Missouri (photo) – 7
    ‘I’m Glad to See You’ (photo) – 8
    Hails Era of Peace (White) – 9
    Text of the Address by Truman Proclaiming V-J Day – 10
    Enemy Tortured Dying Americans with Sadist Medical ‘Experiments’ (Trumbull) – 11-12
    World News Summarized – 12
    How Japanese Forces Will Surrender to Allied Commanders (map) – 13
    5 Singapore Areas Await the Allies – 14
    British Units Take Part of Hong Kong – 14
    UNO Will Get Data on the Atom Bomb (Matthews) – 15
    Churches to Offer V-J Prayers Today – 16
    The Veteran (Hurd) – 16
    Civilians Gauge Air War (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 17
    Carrier is Victim of the Old Squalus – 17
    Films about Veterans (by Bosley Crowther) – 18

    The News of the Week in Review
    The Final Week: Steps Leading Up to the Formal Surrender of Japan (map) – 20
    Surrender – 21-22
    The Stage for Surrender (photo) – 22
    Fifteen News Questions – 23
    A New Map of Asia Begins to Take Shape (map) – 24
    Chinese See a Chance to Avoid Civil Strife (by Tillman Durdin) – 25
    Americans Entering Japan See Entirely Alien Land (by Henry C. Wolfe) – 26
    “We Made Reservations Dec. 7, 1941” (cartoon) – 27
    London Moves Cautiously to Frame Indian Policy (Matthews) – 27-28
    Britain Balances Palestine Claims (by Sydney Gruson) – 28
    Answers to Fifteen News Questions – 28

    Editorials – 29-31
    The War Against Japan
    Topics of the Times

    Letters to the Times – 32-34

    The Best Selling Books, Here and Elsewhere (from N.Y. Times Book Review) – 34

  • JAPAN SURRENDERS TO ALLIES, SIGNS RIGID TERMS ON WARSHIP; TRUMAN SETS TODAY AS V-J DAY (9/2/45)

    09/02/2015 4:37:54 AM PDT · 6 of 74
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Acknowledgement

    When I began this project the only nearby place that had N.Y. Times microfilm from the 1940’s was McHenry Library at UC Santa Cruz. I later learned that a local community college, Cabrillo College, also had NYT microfilm. But their film was of inferior quality and their equipment was poorly maintained. Eventually they decided to rely entirely on their online subscription to N.Y. Times archives and discontinued the microfilm altogether. So imagine my chagrin when I arrived at McHenry library for a day of news gathering only to find that the microfilm was gone. They had packed up all the film older than 1967 or thereabouts and sent it off to a warehouse in Berkeley. I feared that decision meant an untimely end to my project and was thoroughly disappointed. But a few phone calls to area colleges and public libraries paid off when I learned that the Monterey Public Library had a collection of N.Y. Times microfilm covering the period I needed. So in April or May of 2010 I drove to Monterey and began a relationship with the staff at the Monterey Public Library that I look forward to enjoying even though I have finished collecting the news of World War II. All these posts from July 7, 1940 until now came from MPL microfilm. This project would not have been possible without their microfilm and equipment, and also the skill, courtesy and professionalism of the librarians, technicians and volunteers. Thank you, folks. I owe you a lot more than the late fees on those books I checked out.

    I want to especially thank my friend Victor, the librarian who came to be responsible for keeping their equipment running and maintained. That is no easy task where the microfilm readers are concerned. They are old machines and require TLC to keep functioning properly. Especially when this one guy comes in a couple time a month and during each visit makes as many copies as they would normally produce in several years. But Victor was always there to replenish the printer with the special paper the finicky copier insists on or to clean the glass plates when they got too grimy, or to call the contracted service company when something wore out. Twice he and a technician unrolled reels of tape that had been put on the reel backwards and put them back on correctly. All this in addition to his regular librarian duties. Victor took an interest in what I was doing and we often talked about the war and it effected our lives and the country. He had an uncle that died as a POW on a Japanese ship torpedoed by an American submarine. I learned a bit about Victor’s background over the last 5 years. For example, before he became a librarian he was a teacher. And before that he had position with the 2nd Battalion, 47th Infantry (Mechanized), 9th Infantry Division. He spent the period Jan. 1967-Feb. 1968 in Vietnam as a crewmember of an M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (see photo). The timing of that assignment meant that he got to experience not just the well-known Tet offensive of 1968 but also the one in 1967.

     photo M113_vietnam0_zpsrwaibxue.jpg

    One other thing I learned about Victor is how he got his name. He was born 70 years ago today, on September 2, 1945. So his name came right out of the news.

    Happy birthday, Victor, and thank you for your lifetime of service to our country.

  • JAPAN SURRENDERS TO ALLIES, SIGNS RIGID TERMS ON WARSHIP; TRUMAN SETS TODAY AS V-J DAY (9/2/45)

    09/02/2015 4:34:35 AM PDT · 5 of 74
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    President Truman’s victory over Japan speech (2:04).

    President Truman

  • JAPAN SURRENDERS TO ALLIES, SIGNS RIGID TERMS ON WARSHIP; TRUMAN SETS TODAY AS V-J DAY (9/2/45)

    09/02/2015 4:34:05 AM PDT · 4 of 74
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from August 31.

     photo 0902-war comes37_zpsvjdcgpen.jpg

     photo 0902-war comes38_zpshpistbrl.jpg

    Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., 32d Infantry Division World War II

  • JAPAN SURRENDERS TO ALLIES, SIGNS RIGID TERMS ON WARSHIP; TRUMAN SETS TODAY AS V-J DAY (9/2/45)

    09/02/2015 4:33:15 AM PDT · 3 of 74
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

    1

     photo 0902-war comes35_zpsy7rnxxpt.jpg

    2

     photo 0902-war comes36_zpsktykgdqr.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • JAPAN SURRENDERS TO ALLIES, SIGNS RIGID TERMS ON WARSHIP; TRUMAN SETS TODAY AS V-J DAY (9/2/45)

    09/02/2015 4:32:26 AM PDT · 2 of 74
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Areas under Allied and Japanese Control, 15 August 1945
    The Western Pacific: Japanese Homeland Dispositions August 1945 and Allied Plans for the Invasion of Japan (Operation Downfall)
  • JAPAN SURRENDERS TO ALLIES, SIGNS RIGID TERMS ON WARSHIP; TRUMAN SETS TODAY AS V-J DAY (9/2/45)

    09/02/2015 4:31:54 AM PDT · 1 of 74
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 8:30:13 PM PDT · 47 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to Hebrews 11:6

    I wasn’t planning on posting the 80 year anniversary series myself. Thinking maybe some young naive sprout could be tricked into volunteering. But that wouldn’t be nearly the operation that making it up as I go along has been. If I said, “Honey, I’m going to the library to get some news from World War I,” there is no telling what would happen. But it wouldn’t be pretty.

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 6:29:18 PM PDT · 45 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to 21twelve

    Or even January 2018, if we want to go back to the beginning prototype posts.

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 6:28:16 PM PDT · 44 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to 21twelve

    You are still welcome to post the letters on the appropriate dates. I have a feeling these posts will begin to appear again in August 2019.

  • Formal Surrender Ceremony, U.S.S. Missouri, Tokyo Bay (9/1/45 New York Time)

    09/01/2015 4:59:09 PM PDT · 2 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Two recordings are presented below. First a recording of the ceremony subsequently sent to listeners in the U.S. (32:36). Then a recap of the ceremony and a performance of a movement of Beethoven’s Eroica Symphony by the NBC Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Arturo Toscanini. (17:13).

    Shortwave broadcast

    NBC News special report

  • Formal Surrender Ceremony, U.S.S. Missouri, Tokyo Bay (9/1/45 New York Time)

    09/01/2015 4:57:59 PM PDT · 1 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 2:29:48 PM PDT · 39 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to InMemoriam

    This thread contains all the links for 1940. Other years are covered on my profile.

    http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/2650113/posts

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 1:16:23 PM PDT · 31 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to Dagnabitt; Old Sarge; 1911a1freep; Leto; headsonpikes; Radio Free Tuscaloosa; texanyankee; ...

    I have spent a lot of time working on these posts over many years and there have been times - though not many - when I have wondered if it will be worthwhile in the long run. Then I get a word of thanks from someone I haven’t heard from before or maybe a regular. I rarely respond directly to those messages. I’m usually so pressed for time I don’t even have time to read the news I post. But I read every one and I consider them to be payment for that day’s news. So now that I have prepared and scanned the last article I can take a moment to express my gratitude to all the readers who have thanked me expressly or complimented my efforts. THANK YOU for reading and you are all most welcome. It has truly been my pleasure.

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 8:10:43 AM PDT · 18 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to texanyankee
    Wanna go another round?

    If you value your life, don't let my wife find out you made that suggestion. And she's watching very closely.

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 5:57:23 AM PDT · 13 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to central_va
    Tomorrow is last day?

    9/3.

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 4:48:55 AM PDT · 7 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/8/01.htm

    September 1st, 1945 (SATURDAY)

    FINLAND: The United States re-establishes diplomatic relations with Helsinki with the establishment of the American Legation and Chargé d’Affaires ad interim.

    HONG KONG: The Japanese commander is informed that he is to remove all his troops from Hong Kong island to Kowloon by 1600 hours. 4,000 Japanese are confined to the former British camp at Shamshuipo and in total 18,000 Japanese troops are disarmed and evacuated to the mainland without any trouble.

    Rear Admiral Harcourt proclaims the establishment of a Military Government and becomes the Head of the Military Administration as well as Commander-in-Chief of the Colony. (Mike Yared)(208)
    NORTH-WEST PACIFIC: The Soviets occupy Kunashiri and Shikotan Islands completing their occupation of the Kurile Islands.

    JAPAN: Two civilian internment camps are located in the Tokyo area and the captives are freed and transferred to the hospital ship USS Benevolence (AH-13).

    USS Benevolence (AH-13) evacuates civilian internees from 2 internment camps near Tokyo.

    CANADA: HMS Una arrived Halifax for ASW training.

    Submarine HMS United arrived Bermuda for ASW training.

    U.S.A.: The motion picture “Isle of the Dead” is released. This horror movie, directed by Mark Robson, stars Boris Karloff, Ellen Drew and Jason Robards, Sr. The plot has a group of people quarantined on a Greek Island in 1912 and an old peasant woman believes that a young girl is a vampiric kind of demon.

    In baseball, Philadelphia Phillies’ centre fielder Vince DiMaggio ties a major league record by hitting his fourth grand slam home run of the season. Traded to the Phillies by the Pittsburgh Pirates on 31 March 1945, DiMaggio finishes the season with a .257 batting average and 19 home runs for the last place Phillies.

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 4:46:50 AM PDT · 6 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Allies Rush Plans – 2-3
    Truman Will Proclaim V-J Day as Surrender Ceremonies Are Held – 3
    Leading Up to the Formal Surrender of the Japanese to the Allies (photos) – 4-5
    ‘Hell Hole’ Found (Trumbull, Lawrence) – 6-7
    List of Freed Prisoners – 6
    Wainwright and MacArthur Hold Reunion in Yokohama – 7
    Japanese Bitter in Defeat; Angered by Raids on Tokyo (Kluckhohn) – 8
    Halsey Cites Peril of Leniency to Foe – 8-9
    Japanese Asks Us for ‘Fair’ Regime – 9
    Japanese Expect Tojo to Be Tried (Jones) – 9-10
    World News Summarized – 10
    Hong Kong Fliers Bomb Fleeing Foe – 11
    Nazis Struck Poland Six Years Ago Today – 11
    Marcus Garrison of Foe Gives Up – 12
    Communiques – 12
  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 4:45:26 AM PDT · 5 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top 10 for the Week of September 1, 1945

    #1 - “On the Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe” - Johnny Mercer, with the Pied Pipers
    #2 - “Till the End of Time” - Perry Como
    #3 - “Chopin’s Polonaise” - Carmen Cavallaro
    #4 - “Gotta Be This Or That” - Benny Goodman
    #5 – “If I Loved You” – Perry Como
    #6 – “On the Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe” – Bing Crosby
    #7 – “Tampico” – Stan Kenton, with June Christy
    #8 – “On the Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe” – Tommy Dorsey, with the Sentimentalists
    #9 – “Sentimental Journey” – Les Brown, with Doris Day
    #10 – “I Wish I Knew” – Dick Haymes

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 4:44:35 AM PDT · 4 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    This audio clip is a statement by General MacArthur on victory over Japan (1:42).

    M’Arthur

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 4:44:02 AM PDT · 3 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from August 29.

     photo 0901-allies13_zpsm6dlzjfe.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 4:43:27 AM PDT · 2 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Areas under Allied and Japanese Control, 15 August 1945
    The Western Pacific: Japanese Homeland Dispositions August 1945 and Allied Plans for the Invasion of Japan (Operation Downfall)
  • JAPANESE PREMIER TO SIGN SURRENDER TONIGHT; STASSEN HORRIFIED BY PRISON CAMP OUTRAGES (9/1/45)

    09/01/2015 4:42:47 AM PDT · 1 of 48
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • “State Fair,” “The Hidden Eye,” “Capture of Budapest” (Movie Reviews-8/31/45)

    08/31/2015 11:31:43 AM PDT · 7 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to lewislynn
    . . . and Lucille Ball walking through the airport terminal in Las Vegas...I had no idea she was so stunningly beautiful.

    Here is an ad I saved from a different day around this time that didn't make it into the post. Lucy must have had a rep as a looker back then since they were using her to sell beauty products.

     photo 0831-troops23_zpswdfgnirf.jpg
  • M’ARTHUR OPENS HEADQUARTERS IN YOKOHAMA; FREED PRISONERS CHARGE BRUTALITY BY FOE (8/31/45)

    08/31/2015 5:04:47 AM PDT · 6 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/7/31.htm

    August 31st, 1945 (FRIDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Minesweepers HMS Graylag and Harlequin commissioned.

    GERMANY: Allied troops arrest Field Marshal von Brauchitsch and von Manstein.

    Europe is full of the flotsam of war, millions of people without food, homes or countries, migrating in search of safety. Some are trying to get back to villages from which they were transported thousands of miles. Others are fleeing from countries overrun by conquering armies.

    There are Germans driven out of Poland and Silesia. There are five million Russian prisoners of war and forced labourers making their way home to an uncertain reception. There are eastern Europeans fleeing from the Red Army. There are Jews who, somehow, survived the death camps making their way to ports in the hope of reaching Palestine.

    Germans who fled the bombing of their cities are going home to stake their claims in the rubble of their homes. One person in five in the western zone of Germany is a refugee. There are even leftovers from a previous conflict: 200,000 refugees from the Spanish civil war living in southern France.

    It is estimated that there are as many as 20 million people on the move in Europe. The care of these “displaced persons” has fallen primarily to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), first set up in 1943 to help refugees from the nations fighting the Axis powers. Financed in the main by the United States, it is trying to bring order to the chaos left behind by the war.

    Some, mistrustful of all authority, are making their own way across Europe, begging in a ravaged countryside and risking violence as old scores are settled; retribution is rampant and often brutally indiscriminate. Others have settled into camp life, unwilling to forgo their tents and regular rations. Meagre as they are, these comforts are all-important in a world where a woman can be bought for a bar of soap.

    U.S.S.R.: Moscow: The USSR restores diplomatic relations with Finland.

    ITALY: HQ US Twelfth Air Force is inactivated.

    HONG KONG: The RCN armed merchant cruiser HMCS Prince Robert enters the Crown Colony where her commanding officer represents Canada at the surrender ceremonies of Japanese forces.

    JAPAN: In the Kurile Islands, Soviet forces occupy Utruppu Island after fierce fighting with Japanese troops.

    Marines of Company “L,” Third Battalion, Fourth Marines, land at Tateyama Naval Base, Honshu, on the northeast shore of Sagami Wan, and accept its surrender. They will reconnoitre the beach approaches and cover the landing of Army’s 112th Cavalry Regiment.

    Meanwhile, the Japanese submarine HIJMS I 401 surrenders to submarine USN submarine USS Segundo (SS-398) at the entrance to Tokyo Bay.

    Tokyo: The greatest and most destructive conflict that the Pacific has known is now ended. Fanatical resistance by the Japanese military had not availed. Japan is to be occupied, disarmed and treated as a potentially dangerous enemy. The victors are making sure that there will be no repetition of the mistakes which in Germany after the First World War allowed a revival of militarism under Hitler. A great victory has been won, but suppressed antagonisms are now emerging among the Allies. China will succeed Japan as the dominant east Asian nation, and the struggle for control is escalating with the USSR backing the Communist Chinese of Mao Tse-tung against Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists. In Korea only the USSR and the US have troops available to disarm the Japanese. By agreement, the Russians will occupy the north and the Americans the south.

    In the Dutch East Indies a revolutionary Indonesian nationalist movement is preparing for independence, and British troops could be caught up in the inevitable disorders. And in French Indochina the revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh plans to declare independence.

    Japan: Harrowing tales of cruelty, filth and malnutrition are being told by Allied PoWs who have just been released from Japanese camps following the surrender. An official report on the main camp in the Tokyo Bay area states: “There has never been such a hell-hole.”

    Commodore Joe Boone, a doctor who has been involved in the evacuation of PoWs from the camp and the nearby Shinagawa hospital said: “Our prisoners were ill from having to eat rice and grass. Many of the men had dysentery as a result of the filthy conditions in which they were housed.”

    Major Maurice Ditton told of his slave labour in Thailand where prisoners were forced to work building the Bangkok to Moulmein railway: “Many men died daily ... The survivors, working in the steaming jungle, became weak. Brutal Korean guards kept the sick working for 18 hours a day.”

    So far only 1,000 Allied PoWs have been evacuated to freedom. At least another 36,000 are believed to be awaiting liberation from camps across Japan.

    Yokohama: General MacArthur today established supreme Allied command in Yokohama, Tokyo’s main port, as the first foreigner to take charge of Japan in 1,000 years.

    Mac Arthur is working on Japan’s formal surrender, which will be signed in two days’ time aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. He said “The surrender plan has been going splendidly. There is every indication that the occupation will continue without bloodshed or friction.” In Tokyo quiet has returned, although the corpses of 30 civilians who committed hara-kiri after the initial surrender still lie outside the palace. Since the first wave of 7,500 US airborne troops landed three days ago, the US occupation has continued at a rate of 300 troop planes a day. Yokosuka, on Tokyo Bay, has become Pacific Fleet HQ after its surrender by two Japanese admirals to Admiral Halsey. The main landings at Yokohama and on the southern island of Kyushu will begin after the formal surrender.

    MacArthur will accept Japan’s surrender with the foreign minister, Mamoru Shigemitsu, and the army chief of staff, Yoshijiro Umezu, signing for Japan’s new caretaker government. Representatives of each of the 12 Allied nations will sign the surrender. Britain will be represented by General Percival, the former commander of Singapore, who spent the war in captivity after its fall.

    Tokyo: Horrific details of atrocities carried out by Japanese doctors are emerging as Allied PoWs are released. Prisoners have been subjected to vivisection. Others have been used as human guinea-pigs and injected with acid, inoculated with fatal diseases or frozen at -20°C.

    Eight US airmen shot down after B-29 raids in May died in vivisection experiments carried out by Professor Fukujiro at Kyushu university. One PoW’s stomach was removed, and an artery cut to see how long before he died.

    Many of the atrocities have been at Japan’s top-secret bacteriological warfare Unit 731 at Harbin, in Manchuria. Prisoners were inoculated with anthrax, typhoid and cholera to test germ potency. Others have been boiled or dehydrated to death. Experiments included prolonged exposure to X-rays and prisoners subjected to a pressure chamber where the blood was forced out of their skin as they died in agony.

    PoWs fear that 731’s commander, Shiro Ishii, will escape prosecution in return for turning over germ warfare data to the US. Two released US doctors also revealed today how they were made to prepare lethal acid-based solutions for Japanese doctors to inject into US PoWs at a Tokyo hospital.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: Manila: Japanese troops in the Philippines formally surrender.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: The Japanese garrison on Marcus Island surrenders to the US.

    CANADA: Minesweepers HMCS Suderoy IV and Suderoy VI (ex Norwegian whalers) paid off.

    U.S.A.: In baseball, the Washington Senators again muff a chance to go into first place, dropping a pair to the New York Yankees, 3–2 and 3–1, in Griffith Stadium in Washington, D.C. In between games, Washington pitcher Bert Shepard receives the Distinguished Flying Cross for his service in WWII. When Bert Shepard, a journeyman minor league pitcher, had his right leg amputated after his fighter plane crashed in Germany, he was the only person that believed he would ever play professional baseball again. But through sheer self-belief and determination, the gutsy left-hander from Dana, Indiana, taught himself to walk and then to pitch with an artificial leg — all within the confines of a POW camp in Germany. By February 1945, Shepard was back in the U.S. and determined to pitch in organized baseball. Senators’ owner Clark Griffith took a look at the amputee’s pitching form in spring training and offered Shepard a job as a pitching coach. On 4 August 1945, Shepard became an inspiration to all wartime amputees when he pitched five innings for the Senators against the Boston Red Sox, fulfilling a dream that few could have imagined possible. That was the only major league game he pitched in. Shepard continued playing in the minor leagues until 1954 and later worked for IBM and Hughes Aircraft as a safety engineer.

    USAAF”>USAAF 477th Bombardment Group (Medium) is designated combat ready. It will be the first bomber group manned entirely by African-Americans.

    Destroyer USS Wiltsie launched.

  • M’ARTHUR OPENS HEADQUARTERS IN YOKOHAMA; FREED PRISONERS CHARGE BRUTALITY BY FOE (8/31/45)

    08/31/2015 5:03:37 AM PDT · 5 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Troops Spread Out – 2-3
    Japan’s War Scars Are Dim at Atsugi (Kluckhohn) – 3
    Tokyo Presents Battered Aspect, but Americans Find People Polite (Jones, Lawrence) – 4-5
    Mrs. Wainwright Receives a Treasure for Her Album (w/photo) – 5
    Horrors in Japanese Prisons Like Those of Nazi Camps (Adler) – 6-7
    100,000 Yugoslavs Reported Captives – 7
    Fourth Marines, First to Sail for Japan, Disappointed as Others Head for Tokyo – 7
    Hiroshima Gone, Newsman Finds (by Leslie Nakashima, first-time contributor) – 8
    World News Summarized – 8
    The New Houston in Epic Survival (by Robert Trumbull) – 9
    Hong Kong Harbor in Hands of British – 9
    Truman Says Public Must Share Blame for Pearl Harbor (by Felix Belair Jr.) – 11
    Views of Nation’s Newspapers on Pearl Harbor Data – 12
    69 More Ships Sunk by U.S. Submarines – 13
    Latest War Casualties – 13
    Communiques – 13
  • M’ARTHUR OPENS HEADQUARTERS IN YOKOHAMA; FREED PRISONERS CHARGE BRUTALITY BY FOE (8/31/45)

    08/31/2015 5:02:33 AM PDT · 4 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from August 25.

     photo 0831-troops15_zpsards7rqx.jpg

     photo 0831-troops22_zps5dppa4rt.jpg

     photo 0831-troops16_zpsimny6z7u.jpg

    Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., 32d Infantry Division World War II

  • M’ARTHUR OPENS HEADQUARTERS IN YOKOHAMA; FREED PRISONERS CHARGE BRUTALITY BY FOE (8/31/45)

    08/31/2015 4:59:18 AM PDT · 3 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    This is the final Graybook entry.

     photo 0831-troops14_zpsr9zy1buc.jpg

    The Nimitz Graybook

  • M’ARTHUR OPENS HEADQUARTERS IN YOKOHAMA; FREED PRISONERS CHARGE BRUTALITY BY FOE (8/31/45)

    08/31/2015 4:58:37 AM PDT · 2 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • M’ARTHUR OPENS HEADQUARTERS IN YOKOHAMA; FREED PRISONERS CHARGE BRUTALITY BY FOE (8/31/45)

    08/31/2015 4:58:03 AM PDT · 1 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Areas under Allied and Japanese Control, 15 August 1945
    The Western Pacific: Japanese Homeland Dispositions August 1945 and Allied Plans for the Invasion of Japan (Operation Downfall)
  • “State Fair,” “The Hidden Eye,” “Capture of Budapest” (Movie Reviews-8/31/45)

    08/31/2015 4:54:11 AM PDT · 2 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    This is our final movie review thread, although Bosley Crowther wrote an article called “Films About Veterans” that is in the regular news post for Sunday, September 2. Netflix has “State Fair” on both DVD and instant viewing.

    “State Fair” original trailer

    “The Hidden Eye” original trailer

  • “State Fair,” “The Hidden Eye,” “Capture of Budapest” (Movie Reviews-8/31/45)

    08/31/2015 4:51:42 AM PDT · 1 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • M’ARTHUR IN JAPAN; YOKOSUKA IS TAKEN; ARMY, NAVY REPORT ON PEARL HARBOR (8/30/45)

    08/30/2015 8:27:04 AM PDT · 24 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to central_va
    only 3 days to go.

    4. Through 9/3.

  • M’ARTHUR IN JAPAN; YOKOSUKA IS TAKEN; ARMY, NAVY REPORT ON PEARL HARBOR (8/30/45)

    08/30/2015 6:46:54 AM PDT · 13 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to fso301

    There may also have been two different Solomon Island groups. I read many descriptions of Guadalcanal that pointed out its shortcomings as an island paradise. “Arid” was not typically mentioned as a characteristic.

  • M’ARTHUR IN JAPAN; YOKOSUKA IS TAKEN; ARMY, NAVY REPORT ON PEARL HARBOR (8/30/45)

    08/30/2015 4:49:32 AM PDT · 5 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/7/30.htm

    August 30th, 1945 (THURSDAY)

    BURMA: Japanese forces based at Abya surrender to the Allies.

    MALAYA: RAF 356 Squadron Liberator KL654 crashes while on a resupply mission over Negeri Sembilan in central Malaya. All the crew are killed. Part of the crews mission was to search for prisoners of war still held in camps in the jungle.

    HONG KONG: A RN task force under Rear Admiral Cecil Harcourt sails into Victoria Harbor, to accept the Japanese surrender and a landing party from the Canadian armed merchant cruiser HMCS Prince Robert liberates surviving Allied POWs in the Crown Colony.

    JAPAN: The occupation of Japan in force begins when the US Army’s 11th Airborne Division, commanded by Major-General Joseph W. Swing along with Lieutenant-General Eichelberger and 500 paratroopers, is flown to Atsugi Airfield and the USMC’s 4th Marine Regiment lands at Kurihama Naval Base, Yokosuka. Lt-General Eichelberger is the 8th Army Commander, to which the 11th Airborne is attached. (Jack McKillop and Marc James Small)

    After securing Atsugi Airfield, General of the Army Douglas MacArthur flies in and sets up a temporary Supreme Allied headquarters at Yokohama.

    Meanwhile, the USN light cruiser USS San Diego (CL-53) ties up at the Kurihama Naval Base. Aboard the cruiser are Rear Admirals Oscar C. Badger and Robert B. Carney to join Marine Brigadier General William T. Clement for the formal transfer of that important naval facility from Japanese to U.S. control.

    The cruiser USS SAN JUAN starts to evacuate Allied PoWs.

    An armada of Allied troop transports from Admiral William F. “Bull” Halseys 3d Fleet enter Tokyo Bay before dawn. The landing force consisted of US Marines and armed sailors from the 3d Fleet, men of the Fourth Marine Regiment and a British contingent.

    William R. Miller, a private first class at the time, said his feeling was “one of hope for the best-that the Japanese would be receptive.”

    “We’d been trying to kill each other for several years,” Miller said, and they had seen “all the kamikaze planes” at Okinawa and “the Japanese soldiers who had refused to surrender.”

    “We really didn’t know what to expect,” Miller recalled nearly 60 years after he went ashore in Japan as part of the 3d Fleet Marine Landing Force made up of men from the Marine detachments assigned to ADM Halsey’s major warships.

    George C. Plataz, then a sergeant, remembered, “We had just finished bombarding Japan. I didn’t know what to expect.

    “This would be new to us, being part of a landing force,” Plataz added.

    When they sailed into Tokyo Bay in 1945, Miller and Plataz were members of the Marine Detachment in the battleship USS Alabama (BB-60).

    The force was designated Task Force Able, but also was called the 3d Fleet Marine Landing Force. It would consist of more than 5,300 men from the 4th Marines and supporting units, about 2,000 men from the Fleet’s Marine detachments, 1,200 sailors from Fleet ships and 250 Royal Marines and 200 sailors from the British warships serving under ADM Halsey.

    The 6thMarDiv commanding general, Major General Lemuel C. Shepherd Jr., had selected the 4th Marines because
    it bore the designation of the regiment that had been lost in the fall of the Philippines in 1942. The new 4th Marines was formed from remnants of the four Marine Raider battalions.

    The landing force was commanded by Brigadier General William T. Clement, who was 6thMarDiv assistant division commander and had been with the old 4th Marines on Bataan until he was ordered to escape by submarine.

    About 66 of Alabama’s Marines became part of Company A, 1st Battalion in the 3d Fleet Marine Landing Force.
    The detachment’s commanding officer, Major Robert L.
    Scott Jr., was assigned to the regimental staff as operations officer and took Sgt Plataz with him. Now under the command of First Lieutenant Wade P. Bettis, Alabama’s leathernecks and their equipment were transferred at sea by high line to USS Garrard (APA-84). For 10 days in the crowded troopship, they received classes on their objective and duties and the Japanese language.

    As it prepared to go ashore, the landing force received a message from ADM Halsey:

    “In dealing with the Japanese, all hands will be guided by our rightful pride in the triumph of the forces of decency and our own self-respect. Our task is the enforcement of the terms to which Japan surrendered. The Japanese will be required to promptly and scrupulously obey orders incident to the enforcement of those terms.

    “Use force if necessary to secure obedience,” the message read. It cautioned, “The Japanese will therefore be regarded as still capable of the treachery which has heretofore characterized their policies and actions.”

    The allied landing forces were to secure the Yokosuka naval base and airfield, defensive gun position on Futtsu Saki peninsula across Tokyo Bay, the island forts in the bay entrance and the surviving Japanese warships, including the battleship Nagato.

    Those actions were designed to remove any major threat to the massive allied naval force entering Tokyo Bay for the surrender ceremony.

    Although Japanese officials had promised there would be no hostility, Halsey’s warships were offshore ready to suppress any armed resistance with their big guns, and 1,000 Navy warplanes were armed and ready on aircraft carriers outside the bay, just in case.

    The warships had steamed into Tokyo Bay on 29 Aug. and anchored off Yokosuka. That evening, for the first time since Pearl Harbor, the ships were illuminated at anchor, and movies were shown on the weather decks.
    But lookouts remained posted, and the ships’ radars continued to search for unknown aircraft.

    The transports, designated Task Force 31 and commanded by Rear Admiral Oscar C. Badger, sailed into the bay the next morning and began the well-practiced drill of landing troops.

    Troops from the Army’s 11th Airborne Division were to land at Atsugi Air Base, north of Yokosuka, at the same time the naval forces went ashore. But retired Marine Lieutenant General Louis Metzger, who was chief of staff for Task Force Able, recalled in a 1995 Marine Corps Gazette article: “Under the weak pretense that the forts located both in and
    flanking Tokyo Bay were still functioning (which they were not), Marine forces landed at 0550, thus beating the Army into Japan by several hours.”

    That early landing was by a battalion of the 4th Marines on Futtsu Saki. The two other battalions went ashore near the Yokosuka naval base and the adjoining airfield at 0930.

    Metzger also recalled that the Japanese had been ordered to put a white flag on each fortification and gun position, “and we were impressed by the number and depth of the defenses. The hills overlooking Tokyo Bay were covered with white flags. An assault would have been costly indeed.”

    The 3d Fleet Marine Landing Force went ashore at the airfield, and the Navy Landing Force landed near the naval base at around 1000; the British troops occupied the island forts, and sailors from U.S. battleships secured the Japanese warships.

    Plataz said he landed with Maj Scott and the headquarters unit on the air station at a seaplane ramp leading up to two large hangars. When he saw Japanese soldiers coming to the hangars to lay down their weapons, Plataz said, “I realized the war was over.”

    Many of the soldiers were quite young, he recalled.

    “They seemed bewildered, scared or just pleased that their fighting days would never come. Some of the older soldiers were more defiant.”

    Miller went ashore at the air station also and recalled, “We were alert to the possibility that there could be resistance.”

    In an account written after the war, 1stLt Bettis said “Able” Go’s landing area “looked deserted, and there was an ominous appearance as though the enemy was lurking in readiness to attack.”

    But there was no resistance, and at 1015 a U.S. flag that had flown over Saipan and Okinawa was raised over the naval base headquarters.

    Bettis said his platoon took over an area that included a large warehouse, airplane repair shops, storage facilities and barracks recently occupied by Japanese troops.

    “We secured our position and set up a perimeter defence, looked for any armed Japanese in the area and waited for further orders.”

    As night approached, Bettis posted sentries and allowed the rest of his Marines to go to sleep in the Japanese barracks. But, he recalled, “we were rather uneasy the first night because of the strange surroundings, the fact that the war was still going on and the many unknowns.”

    The landing force Marines maintained their positions on the airfield for several days, then began sending patrols into the nearby towns.

    Plataz said those forays “were considered friendly patrols since we were given food rations, Hershey bars, tropical chocolate, chewing gum and cigarettes to give to civilians. The children soon became the happy link between Marines and the older population.”

    During one of his trips into the towns, Plataz said an older woman and several small children approached him with an object wrapped in Japanese newspaper. Afraid it might be a bomb, he said he gestured for the woman to unwrap the package, which she did, revealing a glass case with two colorfully costumed Japanese dolls.

    In exchange, he gave the woman two packs of cigarettes and gave chocolate bars to all the children, “who awarded me with their beaming smiles,” he said.

    A graphic artist before the war, Plataz was authorized to roam the area, making sketches or crude maps for Maj Scott.

    On one of his trips, he discovered an elaborate underground complex with five levels of wood-paneled rooms. In a desk in one room he found photos showing a mock-up of Pearl Harbor that the Japanese had used to film a movie depicting the 7 Dec. 1941 attack.

    Miller remembered how an elderly shopkeeper in a nearby town gave him a Japanese “meatball” flag and with gestures and crude English conveyed his feeling that “Americans have good heart.”

    After a few days ashore, Bettis took a detachment of Marines to secure a radio transmission station near the town of Kanazawa, about 15 miles away.

    When they arrived, they found a company of Japanese soldiers waiting, with their arms stacked. When the Marines dismounted from their trucks, the Japanese climbed on for a trip to the headquarters to be released from service.

    “I had never seen a group of military personnel who were so short in stature, small in body and young in appearance,” Bettis wrote. “I remember thinking at the time that the war had really taken a toll of the Japanese men because this company of Japanese ... was made up of teenage boys.”

    The next day, Bettis and his platoon sergeant, Carl A. Bettis, went into Kanazawa and met an old man who greeted them in clear English: “Hello, Yankees. Can I help you?”

    The man said he had operated an import-export business in Seattle for 30 years and had returned just before the war. He had become the mayor.

    First Lt Bettis said the old man told him the war “was not the will of the Japanese people and blamed the warlords.”

    (Mike Yared)

    CANADA: HMC ML 106 and ML 107 paid off.

    U.S.A.: The motion picture “State Fair” is released. This musical romance directed by Walter Lang, stars Jeanne Crain, Dana Andrews, Dick Haymes, Vivian Blaine, Fay Bainter, Donald Meek, Frank McHugh, Percy Kilbride and Harry Morgan. The plot traces the adventures of the Frale farm family at the Iowa State Fair. The film features classic songs by Richard Rogers and Oscar Hammerstein II including “Our State Fair,” “It Might As Well Be Spring,” and “It’s A Grand Night For Singing.”
    In Detroit, Michigan, a pale green Super Six coupe rolls off the Hudson Motor Car Companys assembly line, the first post-World War II car to be produced by the auto manufacturer. The Super Six boasted the first modern, high-compression L-head engine, though it garnered its name from the original Hudson-manufactured engine produced in 1916.
    In baseball, Stan Hack, Chicago Cubs third baseman, becomes the 82nd player to get 2,000-hits when he singles off Pittsburgh Pirates’ pitcher Preacher Roe in the first inning in a game at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh. Hack retires after the 1947 season with 2,193 hits.

  • M’ARTHUR IN JAPAN; YOKOSUKA IS TAKEN; ARMY, NAVY REPORT ON PEARL HARBOR (8/30/45)

    08/30/2015 4:48:21 AM PDT · 4 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Atsugi ‘Parade’ On (Kluckhohn) – 2-3
    First U.S. Captives Rescued in Japan – 3
    Wainwright is Off on Trip to Tokyo – 4
    Soviet Fleet Units Enter Port Arthur – 4
    Japan Beaten Before Atom Bomb, Byrnes Says, Citing Peace Bids – 5
    World News Summarized – 5
    Tide of ‘DP’s’ Ebbs; 70% Repatriated – 6
    As Russian Forces Occupied Manchurian City of Harbin (photos) – 6
    Short, Kimmel Hit (Belair Jr.) – 7-8
    Eisenhower Seeks to Aid Commerce (Sulzberger) – 8
    Pearl Harbor Summary – 9-11
    Clergyman Warns on Atomic Power – 11
    Marshall’s ‘Skill’ Defended by President and Stimson (Shalett) – 12-13
    Army Lays Attack to Foreign Policy (Reston) – 13
    Goering, 23 Others Indicted by Allies – 15
    Latest War Casualties – 15
    Communique – 15
  • M’ARTHUR IN JAPAN; YOKOSUKA IS TAKEN; ARMY, NAVY REPORT ON PEARL HARBOR (8/30/45)

    08/30/2015 4:47:10 AM PDT · 3 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • M’ARTHUR IN JAPAN; YOKOSUKA IS TAKEN; ARMY, NAVY REPORT ON PEARL HARBOR (8/30/45)

    08/30/2015 4:46:42 AM PDT · 2 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Areas under Allied and Japanese Control, 15 August 1945
    The Western Pacific: Japanese Homeland Dispositions August 1945 and Allied Plans for the Invasion of Japan (Operation Downfall)
  • M’ARTHUR IN JAPAN; YOKOSUKA IS TAKEN; ARMY, NAVY REPORT ON PEARL HARBOR (8/30/45)

    08/30/2015 4:45:25 AM PDT · 1 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • M’ARTHUR STARTS TRIP TO JAPAN AS HALSEY SAILS INTO TOKYO BAY (8/29/45)

    08/29/2015 4:41:36 AM PDT · 6 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/7/29.htm

    August 29th, 1945 (WEDNESDAY)

    HONG KONG: The British fleet arrives to reclaim the colony for Britain.

    CHINA: Mao Tse-tung and Chiang Kai-shek meet at Chungking for talks to try to avert civil war between the Communists and the Nationalists.

    SINGAPORE: Japanese troops in southeast Asia, numbering about 740,000, surrender in Singapore to British Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander Southeast Asia. General ITAGAKI Seishiro, Commander of the 7th Area Army, signs the document for the Japanese.

    JAPAN: In the Kurile Islands, Soviet forces occupy Etorofu Island. The Japanese garrisons on Halmahera and Morotai Islands surrender. The first Allied prisoners in Japan are liberated by USN forces.

    The USN’s Task Group 30.6 commanded by Commodore Rodger W. Simpson arrives in Tokyo Bay to undertake emergency evacuation of Allied POWs in waterfront areas. Accompanying Commodore Simpson was Commander Harold E. Stassen, USNR, Flag Secretary to Commander, Third Fleet, Admiral William F. Halsey.

    Guided by TBM Avengers from the light aircraft carrier USS Cowpens (CVL-25) and taken to the scene in LCVPs from the high speed transport USS Gosselin (APD-126), Commodore Simpson carries out his orders. The appearance of the LCVPs off the camp at Omori (the first liberated) triggers “an indescribable scene of jubilation and emotion” by the former captives, some of whom swim out to the approaching landing craft. Many of the POWs, suffering from malnutrition and other health problems, required immediate medical care and the hospital ship USS Benevolence (AH-13) is stationed nearby to receive them. Their treatment as POWs was described as an “inquisitional form of barbarism.”

    The battleship USS Missouri anchors in Tokyo Bay.

    Off Japan, the USN submarine Segundo (SS-398) encounters Japanese submarine HIJMS I-401 off the northeast coast of Honshu, and “after considerable negotiation,” places prize crew on board.

    EAST INDIES: The Japanese garrisons on Halmahera and Morotai Islands in the Netherlands East Indies surrender.

    U.S.A.: Secret Army and Navy reports of official enquiries into the raid on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 are made public. The blame is placed on a lack of preparedness, confusion and a breakdown of inter-service coordination. Former Secretary of State Cordell Hull, General of the Army George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and former Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) Admiral Harold R. Stark are criticized. President Harry S. Truman objects to the findings on Hull and Marshall.

  • M’ARTHUR STARTS TRIP TO JAPAN AS HALSEY SAILS INTO TOKYO BAY (8/29/45)

    08/29/2015 4:40:38 AM PDT · 5 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Chief Flies North – 2
    Text of Messages on the Surrender – 3
    Flagship Missouri Steams to Site of the Surrender (Adler, Trumbull) – 4-5
    Fliers at Atsugi Find Strip Usable – 6
    Wainwright to Cap Bataan Epic by Joining MacArthur at Tokyo (Durdin) – 7
    Marines Off Japan Eager to End Job (Trumbull) – 8
    Mao in Chungking for Talk on Unity – 8
    Houston Survivors of ’42 Fight Found (Shalett) – 9-10
    Described as Prisoner of War Camp for Allies (photo) – 9
    Fitch Will Expand Annapolis Air Course; Admiral Says Planes are Part of Navy – 10
    World News Summarized – 10
    Iraq Regent Bars Palestine Influx (Sulzberger) – 11
    Dutch ‘Brooklyn’ a Leafy Paradise (Anderson) – 11
    Gradual Decrease in Army Expected (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 12
    Communiques – 12
  • M’ARTHUR STARTS TRIP TO JAPAN AS HALSEY SAILS INTO TOKYO BAY (8/29/45)

    08/29/2015 4:39:32 AM PDT · 4 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 0829-chief14_zpscikfwgyb.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • M’ARTHUR STARTS TRIP TO JAPAN AS HALSEY SAILS INTO TOKYO BAY (8/29/45)

    08/29/2015 4:38:43 AM PDT · 3 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • M’ARTHUR STARTS TRIP TO JAPAN AS HALSEY SAILS INTO TOKYO BAY (8/29/45)

    08/29/2015 4:38:06 AM PDT · 2 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Areas under Allied and Japanese Control, 15 August 1945
    The Western Pacific: Japanese Homeland Dispositions August 1945 and Allied Plans for the Invasion of Japan (Operation Downfall)
  • M’ARTHUR STARTS TRIP TO JAPAN AS HALSEY SAILS INTO TOKYO BAY (8/29/45)

    08/29/2015 4:37:38 AM PDT · 1 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • FIRST TROOPS LAND IN JAPAN FROM 48 PLANES TO PREPARE WAY FOR VAST INVASION THURSDAY (8/28/45)

    08/28/2015 4:34:27 PM PDT · 41 of 45
    Homer_J_Simpson to henkster; Hebrews 11:6
    You guys probably wouldn't even be here if it wasn't for the Free Republic University Riff Raff Outreach program whereby we sent heavily armed volunteers to the wrong side of the tracks to drag back at-risk riff raff.

    How soon they forget.

  • FIRST TROOPS LAND IN JAPAN FROM 48 PLANES TO PREPARE WAY FOR VAST INVASION THURSDAY (8/28/45)

    08/28/2015 11:47:45 AM PDT · 21 of 45
    Homer_J_Simpson to colorado tanker

    If you could take that picture back in time and show it to a typical American during the years 1942-1944 he or she would probably react with stunned disbelief.

  • FIRST TROOPS LAND IN JAPAN FROM 48 PLANES TO PREPARE WAY FOR VAST INVASION THURSDAY (8/28/45)

    08/28/2015 8:32:44 AM PDT · 9 of 45
    Homer_J_Simpson to Demiurge2

    Come back on Sept. 3 for our last hurrah.