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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • 3D ARMY WIDENS SAAR FRONT IN 6-MILE PUSH; NO B-29’S ARE LOST TO ENEMY IN TWIN ATTACKS (11/28/44)

    11/28/2014 7:47:52 PM PST · 41 of 42
    Homer_J_Simpson to colorado tanker

    I didn’t make the connection when you posted about Kilay Ridge the other day. I’m sort of putting the pieces together day by day. It was only this morning that I saw the name on the map and figured it out. I got the map from the 32nd Division website. I put a post together for tomorrow that will add some more information on that battle.

  • 3D ARMY WIDENS SAAR FRONT IN 6-MILE PUSH; NO B-29’S ARE LOST TO ENEMY IN TWIN ATTACKS (11/28/44)

    11/28/2014 4:53:08 PM PST · 28 of 42
    Homer_J_Simpson to The Westerner
    Homer, my dad was in the 3rd Army on Dec 24, he said it was the first attack in Battle of the Bulge. In Belgium. I wonder what town? They sheltered in snow all night while shelled by Germans.

    The German offensive got rolling on December 16/17, so I don't know about the "first attack" reference. Sheltering in the snow while being shelled was a widely-shared experience for U.S. troops during that time. Personally, I can think of lots of more fun ways to spend the holiday season. If you know what regiment your father was in I bet someone here could identify the town.

  • 3D ARMY WIDENS SAAR FRONT IN 6-MILE PUSH; NO B-29’S ARE LOST TO ENEMY IN TWIN ATTACKS (11/28/44)

    11/28/2014 4:45:43 PM PST · 26 of 42
    Homer_J_Simpson to colorado tanker
    Today, the Japanese have begun their main effort against the Battalion, with heavy weapons and bayonet charge. They succeed in cutting off C Company and fighting continues through the night.

    If C Company can hold on until tomorrow my father's battalion, 2nd of the 128th Inf., will arrive to reinforce them. The top map on my profile shows their path up Kilay Ridge.

  • 3D ARMY WIDENS SAAR FRONT IN 6-MILE PUSH; NO B-29’S ARE LOST TO ENEMY IN TWIN ATTACKS (11/28/44)

    11/28/2014 4:25:23 AM PST · 6 of 42
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/10/28.htm

    November 28th, 1944 (TUESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: London: The secrecy surrounding Britain’s war effort was lifted by the issuing tonight of a government white paper which shows that the output per head of the British population was greater than that of any other nation. The output of war weapons in the last five years included 102,600 warplanes, 25,000 tanks, 722 warships and 4,500,000 tons of new ships. One civilian has been killed for every three servicemen, and one in three British homes have been damaged or destroyed.

    WESTERN EUROPE: During the night of 28/29 November, the USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 728: six B-17 Flying Fortresses and six B-24 Liberators drop leaflets over the Netherlands and Germany.

    BELGIUM: The first Allied Convoy reaches Antwerp, led by the Canadian-built Fort Cataraqui. Despite German rocket (V weapons) attacks, the opening of this port will alter the supply problems that have plagued the western Allies. Supplies can now be shipped to within 60 miles of the British troops fighting on the Maas. Minesweepers, which have been working for nearly a month to clear the Scheldt river, steamed ahead of the convoy clearing the last few mines. The escort was ready to fight off dive-bombers, but none appeared.

    FRANCE: In U.S. Third Army’s XII Corps area, the 328th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division, mops up west of Canal des Houilleres de Ia Sarre; the 101st Infantry Regiment is sent to Burbach to support the 4th Armored Division east of the Saar River in a drive on Sarre-Union scheduled for 1 December. 26th Infantry Division is to extend northward to take over most of zone held by 35th Div. The 4th Armored Division, in preparation for the Sarre-Union attack, is laboriously clearing the villages east of the Drulingen-Sarre-Union highway, Combat Command B taking Berg.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army’s VI Corps area, the French 2d Armored Division starts south from Strasbourg in two columns, reaching the Erstein area, where the Germans are resisting strongly. Combat Command A, 14th Armored Division, also meets firm resistance in the vicinity of Erstein as well as at Barr. Elements of the 36th Infantry Division find Liepvre, on the Ste Marie-Sélestat road, and Koenigsbourg Chateau, southeast of Liepvre, undefended.

    In the French First Army area, the II and I Corps converge at Burnhaupt at 1430 hours and pocket the German forces in Alsace. The junction is made by Combat Command 4 of the 5th Armored Division, I Corps, and Combat Command 6, under command of the 2d Moroccan Division of II Corps. The Germans soon attempt to break out of the encirclement. In the Alps Sector, the U.S. 100th Battalion of Regimental Combat Team 442 relieves the Canadian-U.S. 1st Special Service Force on the Franco-Italian frontier.

    GERMANY: In the US First Army, VII Corps area:
    The 104th Division’s 413th Infantry attacked at 0430 and advanced 2000 yards against heavy resistance. It entered the towns of Imden and Lamersdorf and captured an intact bridge over the Inde River. Frenzerburg Castle has been abandoned by the Germans.
    In the 1st Division area there was little forward movement. German tank supported counterattacks launched between 0200 and 0300 were repulsed at Langerwehe and Jungersdorf.
    The 4th Division inserted the 12th Infantry Regiment between the 8th and 22d Infantry Regiments in the Hürtgen Forest and the 12th Infantry took Hill 90. Combat Command A, 5th Armored Division and the 121st Infantry, 8th Division seized the village of Hürtgen in heavy fighting.
    A battalion of the 13th Infantry cut the Kleinhau-Brandenburg Road on the far edge of the Grosshau-Kleinhau clearing, and stopped a German counter-attack from Kleinhau (Robert Rush) This marks the entry of Patton’s troops in the Saar basin.

    In the U.S. Ninth Army area, XIX Corps virtually finishes clearing its zone to the Roer River. Combat Command A, 2d Armored Division, takes Barmen and reaches the river near there. In the 29th Infantry Division zone, Koslar is found free of Germans but the two strongpoints in the Juelich area must still be cleared. The 30th Infantry Division commits a battalion of the 120th Infantry Regiment in the battle for Altkirch, which is cleared, but the Germans retain a small triangle between the Inde and Roer Rivers. The offensive halts temporarily.

    In U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, the 95th Infantry Division gains positions roughly abreast the 90th Infantry Division to the north; the 377th Infantry Regiment pushes into Germany; the 378th is slowed by opposition from woods east of Falck but makes some progress. In XII Corps area, 3i7th Infantry Regiment of 8oth Infantry Division fights hard for Farebersviller, elements entering and clearing part of the town. About 2000 hours, the Germans with tanks attempt unsuccessfully to drive the Americans from Farebersviller.

    The USAAF Ninth Air Force’s 9th Bombardment Division hits the defended villages of Birgel and Merken, a rail bridge at Sinzig, and a Billiger Forest ammunition dump. Fighters fly escort, night intruder missions, and armed reconnaissance in the Kall-Trier area, and support the U.S. 1st, 8th, and 104th Infantry Divisions as they take Langerwehe, Jungersdorf, Hurtgen, and the bridge at Inden.

    During the night of 28/29 November, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 316 aircraft, 270 Halifaxes, 32 Lancasters and 14 Mosquitos, to bomb Essen; 308 aircraft bomb the city without loss. Bomber Command documents claim further damage to industrial areas, including the Krupps works. An interesting little item in the local fire brigade report congratulates the team working in the burning headquarters of the local Gestapo for saving valuable documents. In a second raid, 153 Lancasters are sent to bomb Neuss; 148 attack the city without loss. Mosquitos are dispatched to attack several targets: 72 bomb Nurnburg with the loss of one, seven bomb the Hermann Göring steel plant at Hallendorf and one each bomb Duisburg, Hannover and Osnabruck.

    POLAND: The last gassings take place at Auschwitz concentration camp in the suburbs of the city of Oswiecim. More than 8,000 have been gassed since 1 November.

    BALTIC SEA: U-80 sunk west of Pillau in position 54.25N, 19.50E, in a diving accident. 50 dead (all hands lost).

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army area, the British XIII Corps takes Casola Valscnio and Mt. Taverna without opposition.

    In the British Eighth Army’s V Corps area, the Indian 10th Division suspends operations against Casa Bettini bridge because of weather conditions. The Canadian I Corps is concentrating in forward positions in order to attack along the Adriatic coast.

    USAAF Twelfth Air Force B-25 Mitchells hit railroad bridges at Magenta, Torre Beretti, and Casale Monferrato, and an abandoned ship in La Spezia harbor. Fighters and fighter-bombers support ground forces in the battle area in the Apennines Mountains south of Bologna, hit communications targets north of the battle zone, and cut railroad lines in 40+ places in the Brenner Pass and north central Po River areas.

    During the night of 28/29 November, USAAF Twelfth Air Force A-20 Havocs fly armed reconnaissance over the Po Valley, dropping incendiaries at several points including bridges at Piacenza and Castel Maggiore and the airfields at Ghedi and Villafranca di Verona.

    CHINA: The Japanese 11th Army, acting independently and against orders, drives across the Kwangsi-Kweichow border although it has been ordered to halt at the border.

    USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells attack buildings in the and Chefang area. Over 60 P-40s, P-51 Mustangs, and P-38 Lightnings on armed reconnaissance over wide areas of eastern Burma and southern China hit troops, bridges, horses, and other targets of opportunity at many locations.

    BURMA: In the Northern Combat Area Command (NCAC) area, the Chinese 38th Division maintains pressure on the main northern defenses of Bhamo with the 114th Regiment; the 113th Regiment has the mission of entering the city but has been unable to do so.

    Thirty nine USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts support ground forces in the Pinwe and Bhamo areas. Supply and personnel concentrations and targets of opportunity at Nwegyo, Kutkai, the Meza area, Mankang, Manai, Nawnglok, Nawnglong, Loimawk, Man Myeng, Mong Wi and Kungmong are attacked by about 80 fighter-bombers and 16 hit targets of opportunity along the Maymyo- Bawgyo rail line.

    Three USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells blast six warehouses at Hsenwi, three bomb Wan Lai- Kam, one hits Kutkai, and four attack buildings in the Wanling area.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: Seventeen USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators, escorted by 12 P-51 Mustangs, bomb Gia Lam and six B-25 Mitchells hit a railroad bridge at Phu Lang Thuong.

    JAPAN: A USAAF Eleventh Air Force B-24 Liberator photographs and bombs the Matsuwa Island shore area in the Kurile Islands.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: Twenty one USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb the airfield on Iwo Jima Island. During the night of 28/29 November, a B-24 on a snooper mission hits Iwo Jima.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The Japanese mount additional attacks at night against US forces on Leyte. Kilay Ridge, in the north, is the scene of the heaviest of these.

    In the U.S. Sixth Army’s X Corps area on Leyte, the Japanese try to recover Kilay Ridge, during the night of 28/29 November, moving onto it in strength and isolating Company C, 34th Infantry Regiment, on the southwestern end. The 12th Cavalry Regiment, mopping up in the Mt Badian-Hill 2348 region, about 5 miles (8 kilometers) northeast of Kananga, inches westward from this time until 9 December. In the XXIV Corps area, the 32d Infantry Regiment of the 7th Infantry Division, now greatly weakened, is to be withdrawn to reserve while the 184th and 17th Infantry Regiments continue the battle for Shoestring Ridge.

    USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators bomb Degos and Matina Aerodromes on Mindanao Island. Small attacks by B-24s, B-25 Mitchells, and fighter-bombers are launched against airfields, shipping, and targets of opportunity over wide areas including the central Philippines.

    During the night of 28/29 November, three Japanese Army transports attempt to drop 45 paratroopers on Tacloban Airfield on Leyte where their mission is to disrupt flight operations. One of the aircraft is shot down by antiaircraft fire and the other two crash near Dulag Airfield.

    EAST INDIES: Small attacks by USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators, B-25 Mitchells, and fighter-bombers are launched against airfields, shipping, and targets of opportunity over wide areas in the Halmahera and Timor Islands area.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: In the Palau Islands, elements of the 81st Infantry Division begin to clear Kayangel Atoll, north of Kossol Passage. In the air, three USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Angaur Island bomb the radio station on Arakabesan Island.

    MARCUS ISLAND: Three USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators, flying an armed reconnaissance mission, bomb Marcus Island. The island is located in the North Pacific about 768 nautical miles (1 422 kilometers) west-northwest of Wake Island and is used as a refueling point for Japanese aircraft en route to the Central Pacific.

    MARIANAS ISLANDS, SAIPAN: Between six and eight Japanese aircraft attack the USAAF airbases at Isley and Kohler airfields from high altitude causing little damage.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Japanese submarine I-365 is sunk by the USS Scabbardfish (SS-397) off Japan. (Mike Yared)(144 and 145)

    Submarine USS Archerfish sighted a large Japanese aircraft carrier screened by four escorts leaving Tokyo Bay. After six and one-half hour surface pursuit of the elusive, high-speed target, she finally obtained a position ahead of her pray, took careful aim, and fired six torpedoes. Moments later, a great glowing ball of fire climbed up the Japanese ship’s side and the Americans soon heard a series of tremendous explosions while the enemy vessel disintegrated. It was not until after the end of the war that the Americans learn that Archerfish had sunk the still unfinished Shinano, a 59,000-ton Japanese aircraft carrier.

    In the Camotes Sea, Japanese submarine HIJMS I-46 is sunk about 16 nautical miles (30 kilometers) south of Ormoc, Leyte, Philippine Islands, in position 10.48N, 124.35E, by the USN destroyers USS Saufley (DD-465), Waller (DD-466), Pringle (DD-477), and Renshaw (DD-499).

    CANADA:
    Frigate HMCS Hallowell commences duty as escort for convoy HX-322.

    Corvette HMCS Smiths Falls commissioned.

    U.S.A.: Destroyer USS Orleck laid down.

    In baseball, Detroit Tiger’s pitcher Hal “Prince Hal” Newhouser is named Most Valuable Player in the American League, gathering four more votes than teammate Dizzy Trout. Newhouser’s 29 wins contrast his 34 combined wins the previous four years. His 2.22 ERA is bettered by Trout (2.12), who also has 27 wins.

    The motion picture “Meet Me In St. Louis” premiers in St. Louis, Missouri. This romantic musical directed by Vincente Minnelli stars Judy Garland, Margaret O’Brien, Mary Astor, Marjorie Main, June Lockhart, Hugh Marlowe and Chill Wills. The film is nominated for four Academy Awards. The members of the American Film Institute rank two songs from this film on the list of the 100 Top American Movie Songs of all time; “The Trolley Song” is ranked No. 26 and “Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas” No. 76.

  • 3D ARMY WIDENS SAAR FRONT IN 6-MILE PUSH; NO B-29’S ARE LOST TO ENEMY IN TWIN ATTACKS (11/28/44)

    11/28/2014 4:23:20 AM PST · 5 of 42
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/nov44/28nov44.htm#

    Red Army reaches the Danube
    Tuesday, November 28, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces reach the Danube River to north of the confluence of the Drava River. Mohacs, on the west bank, is captured and the Soviet advance reaches Pecs.

    In Liberated Belgium... The first Allied convoy reaches Antwerp which is now operational after extensive repairs and mine clearing. Distribution of supplies to the Allied armies in the field remains a difficulty.

    In the Philippines... On Leyte, Japanese night attacks continue. There is heavy fighting at Kilay Ridge in the north and around Buri and Burauen.

  • 3D ARMY WIDENS SAAR FRONT IN 6-MILE PUSH; NO B-29’S ARE LOST TO ENEMY IN TWIN ATTACKS (11/28/44)

    11/28/2014 4:22:28 AM PST · 4 of 42
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Allies Slowed Up (Middleton) – 2-4
    Paratroops Strike beyond the Rhine (Brigham) – 4
    Each Yard to Roer Costly to Allies (Denny, Graham) – 4-5
    Brooklyn Former Policeman Wins One-Man Fight with Five Tanks – 5
    90 Killed by Blast in RAF Storehouse – 5-6
    War News Summarized – 6
    Tokyo Harbor Hit (Wood) – 6-7
    B-29’s Pierced Fog in Follow-Up Blow (Green) – 7-8
    War in Pacific Moves Closer to Tokyo from Philippine and Saipan Islands (photos) – 8-9
    Liberators Bomb Philippine Bases – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 10-12
    The Tokyo Raids-II (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 12
  • 3D ARMY WIDENS SAAR FRONT IN 6-MILE PUSH; NO B-29’S ARE LOST TO ENEMY IN TWIN ATTACKS (11/28/44)

    11/28/2014 4:21:24 AM PST · 3 of 42
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • 3D ARMY WIDENS SAAR FRONT IN 6-MILE PUSH; NO B-29’S ARE LOST TO ENEMY IN TWIN ATTACKS (11/28/44)

    11/28/2014 4:20:46 AM PST · 2 of 42
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Battle for Northern Entrance to Ormoc Valley, 16 November-14 December 1944 (from 32d Infantry Division website)
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 8 November-15 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • 3D ARMY WIDENS SAAR FRONT IN 6-MILE PUSH; NO B-29’S ARE LOST TO ENEMY IN TWIN ATTACKS (11/28/44)

    11/28/2014 4:20:08 AM PST · 1 of 42
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 10:24:32 AM PST · 18 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    henkster gets the prize for being the first to notice I didn't ping the list this morning.

    Or the first to bring it to my attention. Sorry, folks.

    Happy Thanksgiving 2.0

  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 6:34:35 AM PST · 11 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to alfa6; All
    Happy Thanksgiving to you and the alpha6 family, and all the loyal followers of the 70 year news. I am truly thankful for your continuing support.

    Homer

  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 5:05:31 AM PST · 9 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Kenton

    Thank you for sharing this story. God bless your Uncle Stanley and all the uncles who didn’t make it home. My own had a close call when his B-17 was shot down, but in the end he made it back.

  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 4:29:38 AM PST · 7 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/10/27.htm

    November 27th, 1944 (MONDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Burton-on-Trent: 68 people are killed when an underground bomb dump containing enough bombs for hundreds of major raids exploded. Two craters were formed, one 300 feet deep and half a mile across. Bombs were hurled into the air, causing devastation over a three mile area. Buildings were destroyed and hundreds of animals were killed. The blast was heard 60 miles away. In Coventry 30 miles distant doors were blown open and the windows rattled.

    In 1974 it was officially revealed that the explosion was caused by bombs being taken out of store - primed for use and replaced unused, with the detonators still installed.

    More on the Fauld Disaster by the Mines Rescue.

    The story

    NORTH SEA: During the night of 27/28 November, RAF Bomber Command aircraft lay mines in the Kattegat, the broad arm of the North Sea between Sweden and Denmark.

    NORWAY: During the night of 27/28 November, RAF Bomber Command aircraft lay mines off two ports: ten drop mines off Oslo and four lay mines off Frederikstad.

    BELGIUM: An A4 Vergeltungswaffe 2 (V2) rocket lands on Teniers Square in Antwerp as an Allied military convoy is passing through. The explosion kills 157 persons including 29 Allied soldiers.

    NETHERLANDS: The U.S. 101st Airborne Division is relieved in the Canadian II Corps sector.

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, the 95th Infantry Division advances rapidly, the 377th Infantry Regiment reaching positions within a mile (1,6 kilometers) of the German border and the 378th reaching Falck and Dalem. A coordinated drive by the 90th and 95th Infantry Divisions is ordered for 29 November. In the XII Corps area, the 80th Infantry Division enters St Avold, from which the Germans have withdrawn, and regains contact near Seingbouse. The division’s attack has forced a general German withdrawal across the Maderbach River, so the 6th Armored Division remains in place. The 328th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division, occupies Honskirch and 101st Infantry Regiment moves into Ahwiller without a fight. Combat Command B and Combat Command A, 4th Armored Division, attack east of the Saar River, overrunning Wolfskirchen, Eywiller, and Gungwiller; Combat Command A tries unsuccessfully to break into Durstel.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army area, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force, orders the Seventh Army to attack north to help the Third Army gain Saar River Basin. In the XV Corps area, the German threat to the corps from the north subsides, but positions are still vulnerable on this wing. In the VI Corps area, elements of 3d Infantry Division relieve the French 2d Armored Division at Strasbourg. The French prepare to drive south along the Rhine River. Combat Command A, 14th Armored Division, advances southeast through Obernai toward Barr and Erstein to block exits from the Vosges Mountains and help the southward drive of French armor. The 103d Infantry Division presses toward the Barr-Selestat road, elements taking Le Hohwald. From Ste Marie, the 36th Infantry Division is driving east on Selestat.

    GERMANY: In the US First Army Area: In the 104th Division area heavy mortar and artillery fire prevented the 413 Infantry’s daylight attack. After dark the regiment attacked and gained its line of departure. The 47th Regimental Combat Team relieved Task Force Richardson in the 1st Division area and captured Gut Meberich and Hill 203. The 1st Division’s 18th In-fantry entered Langerwehe and one battalion of the 26th Infantry entered Jungersdorf; well beyond the edge of the forest. Very little progress was made in the 4th Division’s area. The 12th Infantry, after being pinched out by elements of the 8th Division, assemble in assembly areas for redeployment. Elements of the 8th Divisions 121st Infantry entered Hürtgen and had fought up to the church. (Robert Rush)

    In the U.S. Ninth Army’s XIX Corps area, Combat Command A of the 2d Armored Division finishes clearing Merzenhausen and the hills near there. The 29th Infantry Division clears to the Roer River except for two strongpoints in Juelich: Kirchberg falls to the 115th Infantry Regiment, which attacks from Pattern, taking the Germans by surprise; elements of the 116th Infantry Regiment make contact with isolated forces in Koslar. The 120th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division, attacks with an attached battalion of the 119th Infantry Regiment toward Altkirch but is halted short of objective.
    In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, the 10th Armored Division breaks off action toward Saarburg after laboriously clearing German infiltrators from Tettingen and repelling a counterattack against Borg. The Germans retain Oberleuken and Nennig. The 90th Infantry Division, now well ahead of the flanking forces, halts near the Saar Reiver and prepares for the final drive to the river.

    The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 727: 530 B-17 Flying Fortresses and B-24 Liberators and 770 fighters are dispatched to make PFF attacks on marshalling yards (M/Ys) in Germany and fighter-bomber strikes on four oil centers in northern and central Germany; they claim 102-4-12 aircraft; 15 fighters are lost: 324 bomber hit the M/Y at Offenburg; 151 attack the M/Y at Bingen; and 9 aircraft hit targets of opportunity.

    USAAF Ninth Air Force fighters patrol over western Germany, dive-bomb a bridge at Rurdorf, and support the U.S. 104th, 8th, and 1st Infantry Divisions near Hurtgen and in the Weisweiler-Franz area, and the XIX Corps (mainly the 2d Armored Division) at Merzenhausen. Bombers are grounded because of the weather.

    During the day, 169 RAF Bomber Command Lancasters carry out a G-H raid on the Kalk Nord railway yards at Cologne with the loss of one aircraft. Good results are observed.

    During the night of 27/28 November, RAF Bomber Command sends 341 Lancasters and ten Mosquitos to Freiburg; 345 bomb the target with the loss of one Lancaster. Freiburg is not an industrial town and has not been bombed before by the RAF. It is attacked on this night because it is a minor railway centre and because many German troops are believed to be present in the town; American and French units are advancing in the Vosges Mountains, only 35 miles (56 kilometers) to the west. The marking of the medium-sized town is based on Oboe directed from caravans situated in France. Flak defences are light and 1,900 tons (1 724 metric tonnes) of bombs are dropped on Freiburg in 25 minutes. Photographs show that the railway targets are not hit but that the main town area is severely damaged. In a second mission, 290 aircraft, 173 Halifaxes, 102 Lancasters and 15 Mosquitos, are sent to Neuss; 277 bomb the city with the loss of one Mosquito. The central and eastern districts of Neuss are heavily bombed and many fires are started. Mosquitos also bomb six cities: 60 bomb Berlin; seven hit Ludwigshafen; five attack Nurnburg; five bomb Hallendorf with four hitting the Hermann Göring steel works; three bomb Osnabruck and two hit Hannover.
    U-3021 launched.

    U-2364 laid down.

    U-3512 commissioned.

    BALTIC SEA: The 3,828 ton Norwegian troop transport MS Rigel, now under German control and part of southbound Convoy 410, is carrying military equipment, 450 Wehrmacht troops and 2,248 Soviet POWs on their way to a POW camp in Germany. The ship, manned by Norwegian sailors, is attacked by 16 Fleet Air Arm Barracuda Mk. IIs from the British aircraft carrier HMS Implacable (86). Hit by five bombs from the British planes, there is little time to launch the lifeboats before sinking near Tjotta, Helgeland, Norway . A total of 2,306 lives are lost; there are only 415 survivors. Of the ten Norwegian crew on board only one survived. The pilots had no way of knowing that the ship they sank carried their Russian allies.

    POLAND: Auschwitz-Birkenau: 600 camp guards are awarded the Iron Cross for putting down the revolt on 7th October.

    HUNGARY: The Red Army breaks through the German-Hungarian defensive lines and captures Mohacs.

    U.S.S.R.: Baltic Fleet, Ladoga Lake and Chudskoe Lake Flotillas: MS “T-387” - by U-boat, at Tallin area. (Sergey Anisimov)(69)

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army area, the British XIII Corps is ordered to go on the offensive as soon as weather conditions permit. The Indian 8th Division loses contact with the Germans.

    In the British Eighth Army area, the army issues orders for a major winter offensive in early December. In the Polish II Corps area, German resistance east of the Lamone River in the region south of Faenza is virtually at an end. In the V Corps area, the New Zealand 2d Division replaces the 4th Division in the line. Canadians of I Corps relieve the right flank elements of the Indian 10th Division north of Casa Bettini so that the latter can make a concentrated effort to take the bridge at Casa Bettini, badly needed for deployment of the Canadian I Corps in the Adriatic coastal sector. In the X Corps area, the Italian Cremona Battle Group arrives between 27 November and 3 December.

    CHINA: U.S. Major General Albert Wedemeyer, Commanding General, U.S. China Theater of Operations and Chief of Staff to Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, presents a plan to Chiang Kai-shek to furnish munitions to Chinese Communists. The proposal is rejected.

    Seventeen USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells attack the Hochih, area while P-40s, P-51 Mustangs, and P-38 Lightnings on armed reconnaissance attack town areas, railroad targets, bridges and other targets of opportunity around Pachai, Ishan, and Chefang.

    BURMA: Twelve USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts fly close support strikes in the Pinwe area; 21 fighter-bombers destroy bridges at Inailong and Thegyaung and damage bridges at Ho-hko and Kawnghka; and 60+ fighter-bombers attack personnel and supply areas at Kutkai, Kyungon, Kodaungbo, Mongmit, Datwin, Man Namsawk, Old Lashio, and Ugingyi.

    Eight USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25s bomb warehouses at Lashio and fighter-bombers attack various targets at Wanling, Hsenwi, and Kawnghka.

    THAILAND: The USAAF Twentieth Air Force’s XX Bomber Command flies Mission 18: 60 B-29 Superfortresses operating from the Calcutta, India area, are dispatched to bomb the Bangsue railroad yards at Bangkok; 55 bomb the target and three others hit individual targets. One aircraft is lost.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: Seventeen USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb Gia Lam while six B-25 Mitchells bomb Phu Lang Thuong. Fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance over northern French Indochina, attack town areas, railroad targets, bridges and other targets of opportunity around Phu Binh.

    JAPAN: The USAAF Twentieth Air Force’s XXI Bomber Command flies Mission 8: 81 B-29 Superfortreses based in the Mariana Islands, fly against Tokyo; none of the B-29 Superfortreses bomb the primary targets, the Musashino and Nakajima plants, but 59 hit the secondary, the urban area and docks and seven bomb Hamamatsu, a target of opportunity.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: Twenty four USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Saipan, escorted by 12 P-38 Lightnings, bomb Iwo Jima Island; 29 more B-24 Liberators, from Guam, fly a second strike against the island.

    USN heavy cruisers USS Chester (CA-27), Pensacola (CA-24) and Salt Lake City (CA-25) bombard Iwo Jima.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: On Leyte, a battalion of 306th Infantry Regiment, 77th Infantry Division, leaves for operation against Mindoro. In the U.S. Sixth Army’s X Corps area, the 1st Battalion of the 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division, on Kilay Ridge, learns from a patrol that help is coming however they undergo a strong Japanese counterattack from the east and its supply line to Consuegra is temporarily cut. In the XXIV Corps area, the 1st Battalion (-) of the 84th Infantry Regiment moves from Caridad to Damulaan to help the 32d Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division; attacks toward Albuera, clearing the Japanese from the bamboo thicket within the 32d Infantry Regiment’s zone; 109 Japanese dead are counted. The 32d Infantry Regiment and 1st Battalion, 184th Infantry Regiment, establish defense perimeters and repel light infiltration attempts during the night. The Japanese begin operations to regain airfields. Corps has learned of a Japanese plan to capture airfield s in the Burauen area and is taking countermeasures.

    USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators bomb Malogo and Bacalod Airfields on Negros Island and Degos Aerodromes on Mindanao Island.

    Twenty five USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Angaur Island bomb Del Monte Airfield on Mindanano Island.

    USN destroyers bombard Japanese positions at Ormoc Bay, Leyte; firing continues on 28 November.

    NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Forces (FEAF) B-25 Mitchells blast Namlea Airfield on Boeroe Island and Liang and Laha Dromes on Ambon Island. A variety of FEAF aircraft attack airfields, shipping, and targets of opportunity on Celebes Island, North Borneo, and in the Halmahera and the Ceram Islands areas.

    FAR EAST: USAAF B-29s raid Tokyo and Bangkok.

    MARIANAS ISLANDS, SAIPAN: Early in the morning two Japanese “Betty” bombers (Mitsubishi G4M, Navy Type 1 Attack Bombers) twin-engined bombers come in low over the islands’ airfields catching the B-29s bombing up for the second Tokyo mission, and destroy one and damage eleven. The Japanese surprise is so complete that construction lights at Isley airfield are still on as the planes strike.

    At 1210 hours, 17 “Zeke” fighters (Mitsubishi A6M, Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighters), staging through Iwo Jima, strafed Isley Field, while the 73d’s formations were over Tokyo. They slip through the radar screen for a low-level sweep over Isley and Kohler airfields in which they destroy three B-29s and badly damage two others. USAAF fighters shoot down four of the raiders; AA gunners shoot down six others but also destroyed a P-47 under circumstances officially described as “inexcusable.”

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: PALAU ISLANDS: Fighting comes to an end on Peleliu, with approximately 13,600 Japanese soldiers killed and 400 captured for 1,792 US dead and 8,000 wounded.

    The US 81st Infantry Division and attached units have suffered over 3,275 casualties, including 542 killed. The reinforced 1st Marine Division’s casualties total about 5,250 killed and 5,275 wounded.

    CANADA: Corvette HMCS Giffard departed Halifax for refit Liverpool , Nova Scotia.

    U.S.A.: The Boeing XF8B-1 makes its maiden flight.

    Washington: The U.S. Senate confirms Edward Stettinius, Jr. as Secretary of State. He succeeds Cordell Hull, who is resigning effective 1 December because of poor health. President Franklin D. Roosevelt says upon Hull’s departure that he is “the one person in all the world who has done this most to make this great plan for peace [the United Nations] an effective fact.” Hull is honored with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 in recognition of his efforts for peace and understanding in the Western Hemisphere, his many international trade agreements, and his work to establish the United Nations. Hull served as Secretary of State for 11 years, nine months, the longest term in that position than any other American, before or since.

    The USN commissions the escort aircraft carrier USS Commencement Bay (CVE-105) in Tacoma, Washington. The USN now has 66 escort aircraft carriers in commission.

    Time Magazine, November 27, 1944:

    AND DISHONORABLE DISCHARGE

    The Mare Island mutineers heard their sentences last week. The 50 Negro sailors who refused to load explosives on a Pacific-bound munitions ship were reduced to the lowest rank (apprentice seaman), given stiff prison terms. Ten of them got 15 years. Because of “youth, previous clear records and short periods of service,” 24 of them got modified terms of twelve years; eleven got ten years; five got eight years.
    Good behavior can cut their terms down to one-third. The Secretary of the Navy may soften the punishment after the Judge Advocate General reviews their unprecedented case. Likely to be the heaviest burden for some of them to bear (unless there is clemency) is the fact that when they get out of prison all will be dishonorably discharged.

    Postscript: The NAACP’s Thurgood Marshall appealed their cases in 1945. They were released in 1946 under an amnesty, but their convictions were upheld and they received no veteran’s benefits.
    Escort carrier USS Commencement Bay commissioned.

    Minesweepers USS Hilarity and Pochard commissioned.

  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 4:26:58 AM PST · 6 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/nov44/27nov44.htm#

    British sink the Rigel
    Monday, November 27, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In the Norwegian Sea... The German prison ship Rigel is sunk by British carrier planes off the coast of Norway. Of the 2248 Soviet prisoners of war on board, 415 survive.

    Over Germany... There are raids nominally aimed at railroad marshalling yards in western Germany. The city of Freiburg is severely damaged in a night raid.

    Over Japan... The second B-29 Superfortress bombing raid on Tokyo nominally targets the Musashi aircraft engine plant.

    In the Philippines... Around Burauen, on Leyte, Japanese force continue to attack and receive a small number of parachute reinforcements. There is heavy fighting around Burauen airfield. At sea, the battleship USS Colorado and 2 light cruisers are damaged in Kamikaze attacks.

    In Washington... Cordell Hull resigns his post as Secretary of State. Edward Stettinius is appointed to succeed him.

  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 4:25:59 AM PST · 5 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    10 Forts Captured (Middleton) – 2-3
    Americans Seize Huge Arms Plant (Currivan and Dana Adams Schmidt, first-time contributor) – 3-4
    On the Western Front: Allied Commander is Cheerful but Captured Germans are Not (photos) – 5-7
    War News Summarized – 6
    Misburg Oil Plant Blasted; 50 American Aircraft Lost (Long) – 7
    Bombing by Radar in B-17 Described (Bracker) – 8
    B-29’s in New Blow (Horne) – 8-9
    Halsey Hits Again at Luzon Island – 9
    Foe’s Resistance Lessens on Leyte (by Frank L. Kluckhohn) – 9-10
    A Close-Up of Destruction in Flight (photo) – 10
    The Tokyo Raids-I (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 11
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 12-14
    Inventor of Bombsight to Receive Holley Medal – 14
    Russians Step Up the Pressure in Slovakia (map) – 14
  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 4:23:25 AM PST · 4 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Prime Minister to First Lord 27 Nov 44

    There is no immediate urgency, but the Navy cannot be deprived of their prize money. I will not consent to this. I think we had a fight about it last time.

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 4:22:42 AM PST · 3 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 4:21:56 AM PST · 2 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Battle for Northern Entrance to Ormoc Valley, 16 November-14 December 1944 (from 32d Infantry Division website)
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 8 November-15 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • 3D ARMY GAINS 5 MILES, SPLITS MAGINOT LINE; U.S. FLIERS SMASH 129 PLANES IN REICH BLOWS (11/27/44)

    11/27/2014 4:21:25 AM PST · 1 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 1:44:25 PM PST · 36 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick; Steven Scharf
    Confusing batch of people with big WASP names

    W, definitely. Not so sure about the ASP.

  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 1:00:37 PM PST · 34 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Jim Noble
    Let me say, because I have never posted to one of these threads, how great they are and how much I appreciate being able to read them.

    Thank you! You make my day.

  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 8:47:09 AM PST · 25 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to henkster
    I assume the notification that HQ SWPA opening on Leyte means Nimitz’ Graybook entries will no longer cover the operations in the Philippine Islands in great detail, as it’s not part of his Theater.

    I missed the significance of that entry. Too bad. I was interested in watching the casualty reports for Leyte that have been appearing on the Nimitz diary entries. My father will be among the MIA reported in December.

  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 8:39:25 AM PST · 22 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick

    Nephew of Pinch the elder.

  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 4:26:17 AM PST · 7 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/10/26.htm

    November 26th, 1944 (SUNDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: London: General Sir Harold Alexander, the supreme Allied commander in Italy, is promoted to field marshal. The appointment is backdated to 4 June in order to make him senior to Field Marshal Montgomery.

    WESTERN EUROPE: The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 726: eight B-17 Flying Fortresses and six B-24 Liberators drop leaflets on France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night of 26/27 November.

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, the Germans surrender Verdun forts to the 5th Infantry Division. In the XII Corps area, the 80th Infantry Division approaches St Avold against strong rear-guard opposition. Combat Command A, 6th Armored Division, drives through Foret de Puttelange but comes under such heavy fire upon emerging that it falls back through the woods; Combat Command B mops up along the Maderbach River with infantrymen but cannot get tanks through the mud. Skillful rear guards keep the 328th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division, from Honskirch. The 4th Armored Division begins a coordinated attack with the two Task Force’s of Combat Command B east of the Saar River toward the German’s next main line of resistance along the Wolfskirchen-Eywiller- Durstel road but is slowed by the terrain, which contains a number of flooded streams; Combat Command A crosses the Saar and moves eastward across rear of Combat Command B.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army area, XV Corps is still under heavy pressure from the north. VI Corps the 3d Infantry Division emerges from the Vosges Mountains onto the Alsatian Plain at many points. The 103d Infantry Division seizes Steige and Ville, important points on the Giessen River.

    The French First Army continues efforts to close the pincers on the Germans by the junction of the II and I Corps at Burnhaupt, but progresses slowly. The Germans for the third time cut the communication line to the Rhine River in the I Corps zone.
    GERMANY: In the US First Army area: In support of the 104th, 1st, and 8th Divisions the IX Tactical Air Command struck Weisweiler, Frenz, Lamersdorf, Inden, Langerwehe and Geich. The 104th Division captured Frenz and cleared Weisweiler. In the 1st Division area Task Force Richardson captured a strongpoint south of Frenz. In the 4th Division area the 8th Infantry cleared southward from the Schevenhtte-Dren Road, and in the 22d Infantry area soldiers moved in greater strength to the edge of the woods. The 8th Division’s 121st Infantry moved forward slightly towards Hürtgen, while the attached battalion of the 13th Infantry passed through the 12th Infantry and reached the forest edge facing Hürtgen (Robert Rush).

    In the U.S. Ninth Army’s XIX Corps area, to counter German shelling, corps artillery program is doubled in spite of ammunition shortage. 29th Infantry Division troops in Bourheim, helped by reserves and aircraft, contain the most powerful attack to be made by the Germans on this objective; isolated forces of the 116h Infantry Regiment in Koslar are supplied by air. Major General Raymond McLain, Commanding General XIX Corps, orders the attack toward the Roer River continued all along line.

    In the U.S. First Army’s VII Corps area: the USAAF Ninth Air Force’s IX Tactical Air Command strikes Weisweiler, Frenz, Lamersdorf, Inden, Langerwehe and Geich in support of the 104th, 1st, and 8th Infantry Divisions. The 104th Division captures Frenz and clears Weisweiler. In the 1st Division area Task Force Richardson, supported by long-range fire of armor, reach Frenzerburg Castle but cannot gain entrance to the medieval structure. In the 4th Infantry Division area the 8th Infantry Regiment clears southward from the Schevenhuette-Dren Road, and in the 22d Infantry area soldiers moved in greater strength to the edge of the woods. In the V Corps area, the 8th Infantry Division’s 121st Infantry Regiment moves forward slightly towards Huertgen, while the attached battalion of the 13th Infantry Regiment passed through the 12th Infantry and reached the forest edge facing Huertgen. (Robert Rush)

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, Combat Command B extends the northern wing of corps eastward toward the Saar with little difficulty. The 90th and 95th Infantry Divisions continue steadily northeastward in the center and on the right flank of corps, the 95th Infantry Division penetrating Maginot Line.

    The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 725: 1,137 bombers and 732 fighters are dispatched to make attacks on rail viaducts, marshalling yards (M/Ys) and oil installations in western Germany; all but one attack is with radar; about 550 Luftwaffe fighters intercept and 34 bombers and nine fighters are lost; the AAF claims 133-14-42 aircraft: 325 bomb Hannover with 307 attack the Misburg oil refinery and 18 attacking a M/Y with the loss of 26 aircraft; 264 bomb the M/Y at Hamm with the loss of three aircraft; 276 hit Bielefeld with 250 bombing the Schildesche railroad viaduct and 36 bombing a power plant; 113 bomb a railroad viaduct at Altenbeken with the loss of five aircraft: 37 bomb a M/Y at Gutersloh; 25 hit a M/Y at Herford, 19 bomb a M/Y at Osnabruck; and nine hit miscellaneous targets.

    One hundred seventy three USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauders and A-20 Havocs bomb supply, storage, stores, and ordnance depots at Gaulsheim, Bergzabern, Giessen, Reichenbach, and Homburg/Saar; fighters fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance over western Germany, search for a lost A-20, escort 9th Bombardment Division, and support the US 29th Infantry Division at Bourheim and the XX and XII Corps in the area of the Maginot Line and German-French border.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 75 Lancasters are sent on a trial raid to attack the railway centre at Fulda to establish whether G-H signals could reach to this distance, 160 miles (257 kilometers) from the German frontier. The distance is too great, however, and the bombs dropped by 71 aircraft are scattered over a wide area.

    During the night of 26/27 November, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 270 Lancasters and 8 Mosquitos,to bomb Munich; 257 aircraft attack with the loss of one Lancaster which crashes in France. Bomber Command claims this as an accurate raid in good visibility with much fresh damage, particularly to railway targets. In other raids, seven Mosquitos bomb Erfurt and six bomb Karlsruhe.

    POLAND: Auschwitz-Birkenau: The last 204 Sonderkommandos, privileged prisoners with the task of burying or cremating their gassed comrades, are murdered.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Michaloyce falls to the Soviets in eastern Slovakia.

    HUNGARY: Soviet troops take Hatvan and threaten Budapest.

    Thirty nine USAAF Fifteenth Air Force P-38 Lightnings fly an offensive sweep over Seregelyes Airfield and strafe nearby road and rail traffic; other fighters fly reconnaissance and escort.

    ITALY: In the British Eighth Army’s V Corps area, the 46th Division succeeds in reaching the Lamone River on the southern flank of the corps, but the Germans are holding on firmly to switch line positions between the Lamone and Montone Rivers on the northern flank of the corps. Heavy rains bring a lull in offensive.

    A slight improvement in the weather permits USAAF Twelfth Air Force fighter-bombers to increase operations; P-47 Thunderbolts closely support ground forces in the U.S. Fifth Army battle area in the Apennines south of Bologna and cut rail lines in over 30 places north of the immediate battle zone.

    YUGOSLAVIA: Marshal Josip Broz Tito, Commander in Chief Yugoslav Liberation Army, agrees to let British naval and air force personnel use certain ports and airfields temporarily.

    CHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells and P-51 Mustangs blast railway cars, station, and track, hit several trucks, and hit town area at Hochih while over 90 P-40s, P-51s and P-38 Lightnings hit river, rail, and road traffic and other targets of opportunity over wide southern China areas, 40 of them concentrating on targets between Kweiyi and Changsha and around Liuchow.

    BURMA: In the Northern Combat Area Command area, the British 36th Division, replacing the 72nd Brigade with the 29th Brigade, patrols actively in the Pinwe area.

    Sixteen USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts continue close support strikes; about 60 fighter-bombers hit concentrations, supply and ammunition dumps, and rail targets at Panghkai, Kunmong, Mabein, Lashio, Panku, and around Meza; seven others on a railroad sweep hit targets of opportunity between Maymyo and Man Pyen.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells and P-51 Mustangs blast railway cars, station, and track, hit several trucks, and hit town areas of Phu Lang Thuong.

    THAILAND: Six USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells damage a bridge at Kengluang.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: During the night of 26/27 November, a USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberator on a snooper mission from Guam bombs Iwo Jima.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES:

    In the U.S. Sixth Army’s X Corps area on Leyte, the 1st Battalion of the 34th Infantry Regiment, 24 Infantry Division, relieves Company A with Company C on Kilay Ridge. The battalionn is highly vulnerable to Japanese attack from different directions and is maintaining positons with the use of artillery. In the XXIV Corps area, the Japanese make another night attack, on the night of 26/27 November, on Shoestring Ridge, about 200 Japanese troops gaining positions in the bamboo thicket within the American lines, but 400 Japanese dead are counted at the conclusion of the action.

    Over 40 USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators, some with fighter support, bomb La Carlota and Talisay Airfields on Negros and Cebu Islands respectively; fighter-bombers hit an airfield and various targets of opportunity throughout the area. B-24 Liberators bomb an airfield near Davao, Mindanano Island. Other bombers and fighters fly light strikes and armed reconnaissance missions against a variety of targets in southern Luzon and Mindanao.

    Particularly west of Burauen and generally elsewhere on Leyte night attacks are made by the Japanese.

    Three days of sea warfare involving 282 ships - more than in any previous naval engagement - have ended with a crushing victory for the US Navy. Thirty-four warships have been sunk, of which 28 were Japanese, including their last four aircraft carriers.

    The fighting was focussed on the landlocked seas of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines, but in fact occurred in four separate areas: the Sibuyan Sea, the Surigao Strait and off Samar Island and Cape Engano. On 24 October Admiral Halsey had despatched his carriers to meet Ozawa’s carrier force off Cape Engano. As the US carriers sped north, a force under Admiral Nishimura entered the Surigao Strait to rendezvous with Kurita in Leyte Gulf. A US task force, under Rear-Admiral Oldendorf, attacked in one of the rare direct confrontations between battleships; Nishimura was the clear loser, going down in his own flagship, YAMASHIRO, one of the two Japanese battleships to be lost.

    But while Oldendorf was tangling with Nishimura, Kurita’s force had passed through the San Bernardino Strait unobserved and off Samar attacked Admiral T. L. Sprague’s Seventh Fleet task force supporting the Leyte landings. Five US warships were sunk before Kurita surprisingly withdrew, fearing attack from carrier-based planes.

    In fact, the US carriers were 300 miles further north, engaging the Japanese carrier force. By this morning all four Japanese carriers had been sunk, along with two destroyers. Their loss capped a disastrous operation for Japan. US air and naval power has finished the Imperial Japanese Navy as a fighting force. Yet there was one worrying portent for the Americans. Yesterday, at the height of the battle, Japan unleashed suicidal Kamikaze pilots who deliberately crashed their bomb-laden planes onto enemy targets. And they have claimed their first victim: the US escort carrier, USS ST. LO.

    EAST INDIES: In the Netherlands East Indies, USAAF Far East Air Forces B-25 Mitchells pound airfields in the Ambon-Ceram Islands area. Other bombers and fighters fly light strikes and armed reconnaissance missions against a variety of targets on northern Celebes, northern Borneo and the Halmahera Islands.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Angaur Island bomb Arakabesan Island.

    U.S.A.: Aircraft carrier USS Bon Homme Richard commissioned. The USN now has eighteen fleet carriers in service.

  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 4:24:44 AM PST · 6 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/nov44/26nov44.htm#

    US bombers raid Germany
    Sunday, November 26, 1944 www.onwar.com

    US B-17 Flying Fortress bombers strike rail lines [photo at link]

    Over Germany... The US 8th Air Force attacks Hanover (nominally the Misburg oil plant), Hamm (nominally the marshalling yards) and Bielefeld (nominally the railway viaduct). The Americans claim to have destroyed 138 German fighters for the loss of 36 bombers and 7 fighters.

    On the Western Front... The US 1st Army captures Weisweiler to the west of Cologne.

    Over Holland... RAF Spitfire fighter bombers attack two suspected V2 rocket sites.

    On the Eastern Front... In eastern Slovakia, Soviet forces capture Michaloyce.

    From London... General Alexander is promoted to Field Marshal and appointed the Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean.

    In the Philippines... On Leyte, Japanese forces launch night attacks against US forces west of Burauen.

  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 4:23:29 AM PST · 5 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Germans Hit Back – 2-3
    Foe Tries to Cut Saverne Corridor – 3-4
    Quick Stab Clears Huertgen Forest (Gorrell) – 4
    Another Milestone in the March to Berlin (photo) – 4
    Russians Capture Hatvan, Foe Says – 5
    U.S. Board Bares Atrocity Details Told by Witnesses at Polish Camps (Crider) – 6-7
    U.S. Planes Renew Reich Oil Bombing (Daniel) – 7
    Russians Advance into the Carpathians (photo) – 7
    Foes Sink off Cebu (Kluckhohn) – 8
    Japanese Ships Afire in Manila Harbor (page 1 photo) – 8
    PT-Boats Shut off Japanese on Leyte (Parrott) – 9
    Peleliu Clean-Up a Difficult Task (by Sidney Shalett) – 9
    Hints of Vindication of Kimmel, Short – 9-10
    War News Summarized – 10
    1,000 Troops Join Protest on Canada’s Overseas Draft (by P.J. Philip) – 11
    Veterans’ Intelligence (by Charles Hurd) – 13
    Texts of Day’s War Communiques – 14-16
    Christmas Mail Arrives for Our Fighting Men in Pacific (photo) – 16

    The News of the Week in Review
    Fifteen News Questions – 17
    The Allies Drive for Decision in the West (maps) – 18-19
    Harder Blows to Fall on Germans in the West (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 20
    Answers to Fifteen News Question – 21

    The New York Times Book Review
    Brave Men, by Ernie Pyle (reviewed by C.L. Sulzberger) – 22-24
    Thomas Jefferson’s Garden Book, annotated by Edwin Morris Betts (reviewed by Hal Borland, first-time contributor) – 24
    The Best Selling Books, Here and Elsewhere – 25

  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 4:22:00 AM PST · 4 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Prime Minister to Foreign Secretary 26 Nov 44

    I consider that at the end of the winter campaign it would be appropriate for the City of London to confer its freedom upon this remarkable American General [General Eisenhower]. It is obvious that no one else should be included at the time.

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 4:21:19 AM PST · 3 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 4:20:14 AM PST · 2 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Battle for Northern Entrance to Ormoc Valley, 16 November-14 December 1944 (from 32d Infantry Division website)
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 8 November-15 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • AMERICANS BREAK THROUGH HUERTGEN FOREST, LOOSENING NAZI GRIP ON COLOGNE APPROACHES (11/26/44)

    11/26/2014 4:19:39 AM PST · 1 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • TOKYO ARIPLANT SMASHED, FIRES RAGE IN CITY; ONLY TWO ‘SUPERFORTS’ LOST OF 100 IN RAID (11/25/44)

    11/25/2014 4:44:00 AM PST · 10 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/10/25.htm

    November 25th, 1944 (SATURDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: A V2 rocket lands in New Cross Road, London, killing or injuring 268 people. (Alex Gordon)

    The most devastating V2 rocket so far scored a direct hit on the Woolworth’s store in New Cross, in south-east London, at lunchtime today (1226) when it was crowded with Saturday shoppers. The Co-operative Stores alongside was also wrecked. No details have been made public, but 160 people were killed and 200 injured.

    A young girl survivor described the scene after the explosion: “Things were still falling out of the sky, bits of things and bits of people. A horse’s head was lying in the gutter. There was a pram hood all twisted and bent and there was a little baby’s hand still in its woollen sleeve. Outside the pub there was a crumpled bus, still with rows of people sitting inside, all covered in dust and dead. Where Woolworth’s had been, there was nothing. Just an enormous gap covered by clouds of dust. No building, just piles of rubble and bricks, and underneath it all, people screaming.

    Minesweeper HMS Nerissa launched.

    The USAAF Eighth Air Force’s 36th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), VIII Fighter Command, starts daily operations with B-24H and B-24J Liberators as a screening force for the bombardment divisions. It is assigned the task of protecting the Eighth’s primary VHF and fighter-to-bomber communications from interception during assembly. The increase of flak batteries around German military and industrial installations soon compels the 36th to increase radar countermeasures on each mission. The 36th remains on this assignment until the end of war in Europe.

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Third Army area, XII Corps area, the 80th Infantry Division, with the 42d Cavalry Squadron screening its northern flank, attacks with three regiments supported by armor, overrunning the main German positions on the northern flank of the corps. The 6th Armored Division, reinforced by elements of the 134th Infantry Regiment, begins a drive toward Maderbach Creek, greatly hampered by craters, mud, mines, and enemy fire: Combat Command B, driving toward Puttelange, gets forward elements to the Maderbach River at Remering; Combat Command A, aided by an air strike, takes Valette. The 328th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division, penetrates the German line and captures Vittersbourg; Company G, 101st Infantry Regiment, clears the chateau strongpoint in the Bois de Bonnefontaine, and Company K makes a futile attempt to clear the northern edge of the woods. Combat Command B of the 4th Armored Division, after checking a determined counterattack against Baerendorf, is reinforced and reorganized before continuing an attack late in afternoon.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army’s XV Corps area, elements of 44th Infantry Division and 106th Cavalry Group halt a German column advancing on Schalbach after making slight withdrawals. French armor continues to clear the Strasbourg area. The 79th and 45th Infantry Divisions consolidate north and northwest of Strasbourg. Combat Command A, 14th Armored Division, makes contact with the 3d Infantry Division of the VI Corps near Schirmeck and is again attached to VI Corps. In the VI Corps area the 100th Infantry Division, on the northern flank, reaches Grandfontaine. The 36th Infantry Division outflanks and captures Ste Marie, gaining control of roads to Selestat and Ribeauville.

    In the French First Army area, II Corps finds that the Germans have withdrawn along most of its front to avoid encirclement. I Corps makes slow progress toward Burnhaupt. In the Alps Sector, European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army (ETOUSA) orders the U.S. 1st Airborne Task Force to proceed to Soissons, Lyon, and Mourmelon at once.

    WESTERN EUROPE: The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 724: seven B-17s and six B-24 Liberators drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night of 25/26 November.

    GERMANY: In the U.S. Ninth Army’s XIX Corps area, the 29th Infantry Division continues to hold off the Germans at Bourheim and gets elements of the 116th Infantry Regiment into Koslar, where they become isolated.

    In U.S. First Army’s VII Corps area, the sky is overcast in the morning the sky but clears in the afternoon, and the USAAF Ninth Air Force’s IX Tactical Air Command provides close air support in the 104th and 1st Infantry Division areas. The 104th Infantry Division advances to the high ground east of Poetzlohn, and the valley of the Inde River west of Weisweiler is secured. Task Force Richardson takes Wilhelmshoehe and suffers heavy losses while trying to advance across open the Roer Plain to Frenzerburg Castle. The 56th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, attempts unsuccessfully to reach the Weisweiler-Langerwehe highway; assisted by two tanks, a platoon of the 18th Infantry Regiment gets almost to the crest of Hill 203, where it clings. The 8th Infantry Regiment of the 4th Infantry Division makes an 800 yard (732 meter) advance. The 22d Infantry Regiment attack Grosshau but is repulsed by intense anti-tank, mortar and artillery fire; the 4th Infantry Division suspends attacks for several days after this. In the V Corps area, Combat Command R of the 5th Armored Division joins the 121st Infantry Regiment, 8th Infantry Division, in an attack toward Huertgen but, halted by large crater and mines, withdraws.. (Robert Rush)

    In the U.S. Third Army area, XX Corps opens a drive to the Saar River. In the 10th Armored Division zone on the northern flank, the 358th Infantry Regiment continues to batter at the Orscholz line: the 3d Battalion, assisted by aircraft and tanks, seizes Tettingen and relieves the isolated troops at Butzdorf, but pulls back from Butzdorf; the 1st and 2d Battalions continue to fight within and near Oberleuken, the 2d Battalion reaching the top of Hill 388; it is decided to withdraw the 358th Infantry Regiment, which by now is unfit to continue attack. The 90th Infantry Division, with the 359th Infantry Regiment on the left and the 357th on the right, drives steadily toward the Saar reaching Oberesch, within miles of the river. The 95th Infantry Division, supported by artillery of the 5th Infantry Division and of III Corps, attacks across the Nied River on the right flank of corps, the 377th Infantry Regiment on the left and the 378th on right, and pushes into the Maginot Line, where the Germans have abandoned fortifications; takes towns of Boulay, Momerstroff, Narbefontaine, and Hallering.

    The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 723: 1,043 bombers and 965 fighters are dispatched to hit an I.G. Farben synthetic oil plant using H2X and a marshalling yard; 8 bombers and 6 fighters are lost: 671 aircraft bomb Merseburg and 252 hit the oil plant at Merseberg and 252 bomb the marshalling yard at Bingen; 12 other bombers hit targets of opportunity. .

    The USAAF Ninth Air Force’s 9th Bombardment Division hits an ordnance arsenal at Landau, road junctions, and an ammunition dump at Neustadt and Kaiserslautern; fighters escort the 9th Bombardment Division and Eighth Air Force, fly armed reconnaissance and support ground forces east of Aachen and between Merzig and Sarreguemines, France.

    During the night of 25/26 November, RAF Bomber Command Mosquitos hit six targets: 63 bomb Nurnburg with the loss of one; ten attack Hagen; eight each hit Erfurt and Stuttgart; and one each bomb Dortmund and Ludwigshafen.

    Berlin: Hitler orders any military commander contemplating surrender to hand over command to the next most senior officer willing to carry on the fight, and fall in behind him.

    Stuka pilot Hans Ulrich Rudel is awarded the Knight’s Cross with Oakleaves and Swords to the Iron Cross. He also receives the Knight’s Cross with Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds back-dated to the time of his escape across the Dnjester of 29 March, 1944.

    Rudel landed behind Soviet lines to retrieve a downed German aircrew. Snow and mud bogged down the airplane, making it impossible to take off. Approaching Soviet troops forced everyone to flee on foot, but barring their escape was the 900 foot wide river Dnjestr. The Germans stripped to their longjohns, and swam across the ice-clogged river. Rudel’s close friend and crewman, Erwin Henstchel, drowned a few feet from the far shore. They had flown 1490 missions together at the time of Hentschel’s death. His body was never recovered. Rudel was pursued by hundreds of Soviet troops who were intent on collecting the 100,000 ruble bounty, and he was shot in the shoulder while they chased him with dogs and on horseback. Through incredible ingenuity, audacity, and raw determination, Rudel escaped and made his way, alone and unarmed, back home, despite being more than 30 miles behind Soviet lines when he began his 24 hour trek. He was barefoot and almost naked in the sub-freezing winter weather, without food, compass, or medical attention.

    U-2351, U-2530 launched.

    POLAND: Auschwitz-Birkenau: Demolition of the gas chambers and crematoria begins, with the dismantling of heavy plant for transport to other concentration camps further west.

    HUNGARY: Red Army troops are clearing Csepel Island., in the Danube River just south of Budapest.

    ITALY: In the British Eighth Army area, the Polish II Corps gets advance elements across the Marzeno River west of Marzeno village. In the V Corps area, the 4th Division reaches the Lamone in the St. Barnaba-Scaldino area east of Faenza. This advance permits the Indian 10th Division to cross elements over the Montone River at Highway 9 and push northward toward the German’s switch line that extends generally from Casa Bettini on the Montone River to the region north of Scaldino on the Lamone River. The 46th Division maintains a bridgehead across the Marzeno River but is unable to break out. The U.S. Porter Force, in the Adriatic coastal sector, is placed under command of the Canadian I Corps.

    Three USAAF Twelfth Air Force fighter groups fly only 53 sorties against railway targets and targets of opportunity north of the U.S. Fifth Army battle area, cutting lines at 14 places and destroying several vehicles.

    YUGOSLAVIA: During the day, 69 RAF bombers of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group drop supplies to partisans.

    CHINA: Nanning: The Japanese authorities today claimed that their forces had taken Nanning, the former capital of Kwangsi province, 100 miles from the Indochina border. Japanese forces have been driving south for the past week, and the capture of Nanning would effectively split China in two. Allied sources would not confirm the cities fall, but feared it was likely.

    USAAF Fourteenth Air Force P-40s, P-51 Mustangs, and P-38 Lightnings on armed reconnaissance attack targets in southern China and Paoching, Ankang, Ishan, and Hochih. .

    BURMA: In the Northern Combat Area Command (NCAC) area, the Japanese in the Pinwe region of the railroad corridor who have been holding up the British 36th Division are ordered to fall back toward central Burma.

    Twenty four USAAF Tenth Air Force fighter-bombers support ground forces in the Bhamo area; 24 bomb an airfield at Kawlin while eight more strafe Tabingaung Airfield and town area; 12 attack the Meza railroad station and boxcars in nearby bridge area, storage and personnel areas in the Lashio area and at Nawngyang, Ashang, and Man Mao; and eight P-47 Thunderbolts strafe targets of opportunity along the Wuntho-Shwebo rail line.

    Twelve USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells hit warehouses, village and town areas at Lashio and Wanling. P-40s, P-51 Mustangs, and P-38 Lightnings on armed reconnaissance attack targets around Namsang, and Mongyu.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: Six USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells attack rail targets, trucks, and buildings at Phu Lang Thuong while fighter-bombers hit targets of opportunity in northern French Indochina including Phu Lang Thuong.

    THAILAND: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance attack targets of opportunity in Thailand including areas around Bhre and Lampang. .

    JAPAN: In the Kurile Islands, a USAAF Eleventh Air Force B-24 Liberator aborts an armed photo mission over Matsuwa Island due to weather and instead radar bombs Kurabu Airfield on Paramushiru Island; B-25 Mitchells cancel a shipping sweep due to weather.
    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The US advance is held up in most sectors of Leyte due to difficult terrain.

    On Leyte, Lieutenant General Walter Krueger, Commanding General Sixth Army, halts work on airfields. In the X Corps area, Company A, the most advanced unit of the 1st Battalion, 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division, on Kilay Ridge, repels a heavy Japanese counterattack, during the night of 25/26 November. In the XXIV Corps area, the 32d Infantry Regiment of the 7th Infantry Division contains another Japanese counterattack, which is made in less strength after nightfall. The 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 11th Airborne Division, starts s difficult westward trek over the mountains from Burauen toward Mahonag, 10 miles (16 kilometers) distant, to ease pressure on the corps units driving on Ormoc.

    Seven US carriers of TG 38.2 and TG 38.3 again strike Luzon. The Japanese cruisers Kumano and Yasoshima are sunk. Four of the carriers sustain damage from Kamikaze attacks.

    USAAF Far East Air Forces fighter-bombers range over wide areas of Masbate, Cebu, and Leyte Islands, and surrounding waters, attacking shipping, airfields, bivouacs, and a variety of targets.

    Carrier-based aircraft of USN Task Groups 38.3 and 38.4 bomb Japanese shipping off central Luzon. Planes from carrier USS Ticonderoga (CV-14) sink heavy cruiser Kumano in Dasol Bay on west central Luzon. F6F Hellcats, SB2C Helldivers and TBM Avengers from carriers USS Ticonderoga and Essex (CV-9), along with F6Fs and TBMs from small carrier USS Langley (CVL-27) attack a convoy about 15 nautical miles (28 kilometers) southwest of Santa Cruz, on the west coast of Luzon, and sink a coast defense ship and three landing ships. Planes from carrier USS Intrepid (CV-11) sink two fast transports and damage a fast transport and ah escort destroyer in Balanacan Harbor on Marinduque Island. Planes from USS Essex and Langley sink an army cargo ship and damage a cargo ship in San Fernando harbor.

    Kamikazes breach the fleet’s fighter defenses, however, and press home determined attacks, damaging carriers USS Essex, Intrepid and Hancock (CV-19) and small carrier USS Cabot. Small carrier USS Independence (CVL-22) is damaged by crash of own aircraft into island structure.

    EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Forces B-25 Mitchells and fighter-bombers hit airfields on Ceram and Boeroe (Buroe) Islands and B-24 Liberators on armed reconnaissance over northern Borneo hit shipping and other targets of opportunity. During the night of 25/26 November, B-25 Mitchells hit airfields in northeastern Celebes and Halmahera Islands.

    BONIN ISLANDS: Seven USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators based on Guam, escorting a photo aircraft, bomb Chichi Jima, Muko Jima, and Haha Jima.

    SOLOMON ISLANDS: On Bougainville, the Australian 9th Battalion, 7th Brigade, 3rd Division, relieves the 2d Battalion, U.S. 132d Infantry Regiment, Americal Division.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: In the South China Sea, USN submarine USS Cavalla (SS-244) sinks Japanese destroyer HIJMS Shimotsuki about 220 nautical miles (408 kilometers) east-northeast of Singapore, Malaya.

    HAWAIIAN ISLANDS: Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Area (CINCPOA) issues Operation Plan 11-44 for the invasion of Iwo Jima. The USN Fifth Fleet commander is to seize Iwo and develop air bases there. The invasion date is tentatively set for 3 February 1945.

    U.S.A.: Baseball commissioner Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis died at age 78. As a Judge, Landis presided over several (in)famous cases, including an anti-trust case against Standard Oil and one involving trade unionist charged with violation of the alien and sedition laws during WWI. He was appointed the first commissioner of baseball in 1921.(Tony Morano)

    Minesweepers USS Surfbird and Toucan commissioned.

    Destroyer USS Hugh W Hadley commissioned.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-278 was commissioned at New York with LTJG Beverly L. Higgins, USCGR, as first commanding officer.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-716 struck bottom off Horten (Norway) and damaged the depth rudder.

    U-322 sunk in the North Atlantic west of the Shetlands, in position 60.18N, 04.52W, by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Ascension. 52 dead (all hands lost). The sub had been damaged yesterday by depth charges from an RAF Sunderland Mk. III, of No. 330 (Norwegian) Squadron based at Sullom Voe, Shetland Islands, Scotland.

    Corvette HMCS Shawinigan sunk by U-1228. The serious vulnerability of surface escorts in one-on-one engagements against submarines was highlighted, yet again, by the loss of Shawinigan. In a case where an element of surprise is involved in the setting of the engagement, the unit that fires effectively first has an almost insurmountable advantage. The additional advantage of precision weaponry made the outcome a virtual certainty. That Canadian operational commanders persisted in employing their escorts in this highly dangerous and wasteful manner until so late in the war calls their competence into question. The lack of durability in the corvette design caused them to perform poorly when they suffered battle damage. Although renowned in popular and academic histories as seaworthy vessels, in fact, while they were generally able to survive adverse weather, their atrocious seakeeping qualities meant they had no seakindliness whatsoever and they were death traps once hit. Shawinigan was one of three Canadian warships during the Second World War lost with all hands. The others were the auxiliary patrol vessels Brad D’Or – on 19 Oct 40, and HMCS Raccoon – on 06 Sep 42. The auxiliary vessels suffered all of the corvettes’s shortcoming but lacked their seaworthiness, making them even more dangerous ships in which to serve. Brad D’Or foundered in bad weather and Racoon suffered the same fate as Shawinigan.

  • TOKYO ARIPLANT SMASHED, FIRES RAGE IN CITY; ONLY TWO ‘SUPERFORTS’ LOST OF 100 IN RAID (11/25/44)

    11/25/2014 4:42:23 AM PST · 9 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/nov44/25nov44.htm#

    Kamikazes target US carriers
    Saturday, November 25, 1944 www.onwar.com

    US carrier on fire after a kamikaze attack off of LuzonIn the Philippines... On Leyte, the advance of American forces is contained by Japanese defenses. Some US paratroopers advance across difficult terrain west of Burauen. At sea, Task Group 38.2 and TG38.3 conduct further raids on Luzon and surrounding waters. The air strikes, involving planes from 7 carriers, sink the cruisers Kumano and Yasoshima. Kamikaze attacks damage 4 of the carriers.

    On the Western Front... Forces of US 1st Army, to the southeast of Aachen, advance beyond Hurtgen.

    Over Germay... Bombers of the US 8th Air Force raid the oil plant at Leuna and the Bingen railroad marshalling yards.

    In Italy... The British 8th Army crosses the Cosina River.

    In Britain... A German V2 rocket hits the crowed Woolworth department store in Deptford (in east London) resulting in 160 killed.

  • TOKYO ARIPLANT SMASHED, FIRES RAGE IN CITY; ONLY TWO ‘SUPERFORTS’ LOST OF 100 IN RAID (11/25/44)

    11/25/2014 4:40:43 AM PST · 8 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Japan is Surprised – 2
    B-29 Blows against Japan to be Steadily Increased (Horne) – 3
    Tokyo Photographed 2 Hours and 40 Minutes on Third B-29 Reconnaissance over City – 3
    Skies over Tokyo Bomber’s Delight (by Mac R. Johnson, first-time contributor) – 4
    Precision Marked Take-Off of B-29’s (Green) – 4
    Preparations at Saipan for Launching American Aerial Giants against Tokyo (photos) – 5-7
    War News Summarized – 6
    U.S. Leyte Fliers Bag 3 Troopships – 7
    Patton Hits Hard (Middleton) (map on pg. 13) – 8-9
    Rain, Mud and Foe Slow Push on Ruhr (Denny, Graham) – 9
    Patton Decorated for Seizing Metz (by Gene Currivan) – 10
    Belgian Radicals Admonish Allies (by David Anderson) – 10
    Franco Denounced by Soviet Writer – 10
    Polish Premier Quits as Cabinet Refuses to Yield on Soviet Border (by Clifton Daniel) – 11
    Red Army Clears Riga Gulf Island – 11-12
    The Red Army Punches out More Gains (map) – 12
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 14-16
    100 Lost as Swedish Steamer Blows Up; Blast Off Gotland Laid to Mine or Torpedo – 16
    Palestine Order is Vatican’s Hope (by Milton Bracker) – 16
  • TOKYO ARIPLANT SMASHED, FIRES RAGE IN CITY; ONLY TWO ‘SUPERFORTS’ LOST OF 100 IN RAID (11/25/44)

    11/25/2014 4:31:11 AM PST · 7 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top Ten for the Week of November 25, 1944

    #1 - “You Always Hurt the One You Love” – Mills Brothers
    #2 - “I’ll Walk Alone” – Dinah Shore
    #3 – “The Trolley Song” – Pied Pipers
    #4 – “I’m Making Believe” – Ink Spots, with Ella Fitzgerald
    #5 - “Together” – Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
    #6 - “Dance with a Dolly” – Russ Morgan, with Al Jennings
    #7 – “Too-Ra-Loo-Ra-Loo-Ral” - Bing Crosby
    #8 – “I’ll Walk Alone” – Martha Tilton
    #9 - “Don’t Fence Me In” – Bing Crosby, with the Andrews Sisters
    #10 - “And Her Tears Flowed Like Wine” – Stan Kenton, with Anita O’Day

  • TOKYO ARIPLANT SMASHED, FIRES RAGE IN CITY; ONLY TWO ‘SUPERFORTS’ LOST OF 100 IN RAID (11/25/44)

    11/25/2014 4:30:34 AM PST · 6 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from November 20.

     photo 1125-japan20_zpsa95351c6.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • TOKYO ARIPLANT SMASHED, FIRES RAGE IN CITY; ONLY TWO ‘SUPERFORTS’ LOST OF 100 IN RAID (11/25/44)

    11/25/2014 4:26:02 AM PST · 4 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from October 31.

     photo 1125-japan19_zpsa38e7e9f.jpg

    Stephen E. Ambrose, Band of Brothers

  • TOKYO ARIPLANT SMASHED, FIRES RAGE IN CITY; ONLY TWO ‘SUPERFORTS’ LOST OF 100 IN RAID (11/25/44)

    11/25/2014 4:24:07 AM PST · 3 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • TOKYO ARIPLANT SMASHED, FIRES RAGE IN CITY; ONLY TWO ‘SUPERFORTS’ LOST OF 100 IN RAID (11/25/44)

    11/25/2014 4:23:16 AM PST · 2 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Battle for Northern Entrance to Ormoc Valley, 16 November-14 December 1944 (from 32d Infantry Division website)
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 8 November-15 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • TOKYO ARIPLANT SMASHED, FIRES RAGE IN CITY; ONLY TWO ‘SUPERFORTS’ LOST OF 100 IN RAID (11/25/44)

    11/25/2014 4:22:39 AM PST · 1 of 21
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • B-29’S FROM SAIPAN BOMB TOKYO BY DAY; FRENCH TANKS SMASH INTO STRASBOURG (11/24/44)

    11/24/2014 4:21:49 AM PST · 6 of 38
    Homer_J_Simpson to Squawk 8888

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/10/24.htm

    November 24th, 1944 (FRIDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: London: Stanislaw Mikolajczyk, the Polish prime minister in exile, resigns in protest at Poland’s proposed new eastern frontier and the Allies’ lack of support for the Warsaw uprising.

    Corvette HMS Amberly Castle commissioned.

    NORTH SEA: 13 RAF Bomber Command Halifaxes lay mines in the Kattegat, the arm of the North Sea between Sweden and Denmark.

    FRANCE: The French 2nd Division completes the capture of Strasboug.

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XII Corps area, the 1st Battalion of the 134th Infantry Regiment, 35th Infantry Division, helped by tanks and intense preparatory shelling, takes Hilsprich. The 328th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division, continues an attack against the German rear-guard line Vittersbourg-Altwiller; the 101st Infantry Regiment makes a vain and costly attempt to take the chateau strongpoint in the center of the Bois de Bonnefontaine.

    The 6th Army Group penetrates the German line along the Vosges River. General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force, beginning a tour of inspection of the 6th Army Group front, attends a conference of commanders, where it is decided to clear the region west of the Rhine River before attempting an assault across it. The U.S. Seventh Army is to drive north to help the U.S. Third Army. The French First Army is to reduce the Colmar Pocket, the German’s bridgehead west of the Rhine.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army’s XV Corps area, French armor in Strasbourg will be seriously threatened unless it can be bolstered by infantrymen. The Germans continue pressure from the north in the region north of Sarrebourg. In the VI Corps area, forward elements of the 3d Infantry Division reach Rothau. The 103d Infantry Division continues an outflanking movement against Steige, clearing Lubine, to the southwest. The 142d Infantry Regiment spearheads an eastward drive of 36th Infantry Division, reaching Ban-de-Laveline and La Croix-aux-Mines.

    In the French First Army area, the II and I Corps are ordered to converge on Burnhaupt as quickly as possible to pocket enemy forces in Alsace. The II Corps clears Grosmagny and Petit-Magny, on the road to Rougemont-le-Chateau. The It Corps withstands heavy pressure in the Muihouse area and is largely concerned with keeping routes to the Rhine River open.
    GERMANY: Units from Patton’s US 3rd Army cross the Saar 25 miles north of Saarbrucken.
    US First Army. German resistance stiffened along the VII Corps front and progress was slow. House to house fighting continued in Eschweiler and Weisweiler in the 104th Division’s zone. A task force of infantry and tanks from the 47th Infantry and 32d Armored Regiment captured Höcheln. Slight advances were made by other 1st Division units and the struggle for the hill southwest of Langerwehe continued. In the 4th Division sector the 8th Infantry continued its drive through the woods to the east. (Robert Rush)

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, the 358th Infantry Regiment of the 90th Infantry Division continues an assault on the Orscholz line: the 3d Battalion, attacking toward Tettingen and Butzdorf after halting a German counterattack, gets elements into Butzdorf, where they are isolated; the 2d Battalion, reinforced during the day by the 1st Battalion, breaks into Oberleuken, but cannot oust the Germans. Combat Command B, 4th Armored Division, crosses the Saar River in the XV Corps zone at Romelfing and Gosselming and turns northeast: the northern column takes up blocking positions on the high ground west of Postroff; the southern column brushes aside resistance at Kirrberg and clears Baerendorf in house-to-house fighting.

    Reichsfuehrer-SS Heinrich Himmler issues orders to close the remaining crematorium at Auschwitz concentration camp in the suburbs of Oswiecim, Poland, and gives instruction to destroy any remaining evidence.

    Weather cancels allUSAAF”> USAAF Ninth Air Force operations except for three XIX Tactical Air Command fighters which fly a night intruder mission in Saarbrucken, Zweibrucken, and Homburg/Saar areas.

    During the night of 24/25 November,USAAF”> USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombers hit the West marshalling yard at Munich.

    During the night of 24/25 November,RAF”> RAF Bomber Command Mosquitos bomb two targets: 57 hit Berlin and six bomb Gottingen.

    AUSTRIA: During the night of 24/25 November, over 40USAAF”> USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-17s and B-24 Liberators bomb the Linz benzol plant, Klagenfurt, and Innsbruck and two unidentified targets of opportunity; during the day P-38 Lightnings fly photo and weather reconnaissance missions.

    EASTERN FRONT: In the Gulf of Riga the last 5,000 German troops are pulled of the island of Saaremo. They were covered by Lutzow, Admiral Scheer and Prinz Eugen.

    BALTIC SEA: The 7,000 ton Swedish passenger ship SS Hansa is torpedoed and sunk by the Soviet submarine L-21 about 77 nautical miles (143 kilometers) south of Stockholm, Sweden. The torpedo struck at 0557 hours destroying the bridge and blowing off the forepart of the vessel. Hansa is sailing from the Swedish island of Gotland to the Swedish mainland and the flag of neutral Sweden is painted and lit up on both sides of the ship. Only two of the 86 person on board survive. After this disaster, all Swedish passenger vessels to Gotland are escorted by a minesweeper and a destroyer.

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army’s IV Corps area, Task Force 45 captures Mt. Belvedere but Germans later regain it.

    In the British Eighth Army area, the Polish II Corps presses toward the Marzeno River on a broad front against disorganized resistance. In the V Corps area, the 4th Division drives toward the Lamone River in the region just north of Highway 9. The 46th Division crosses the Marzeno River on the southern flank of corps.

    USAAF Twelfth Air Force B-25 Mitchells, in support of the British Eighth Army, bomb defences in the Faenza area. Bad weather restricts fighter-bombers to two missions which damage a road bridge and cut rail line south of Modena.

    YUGOSLAVIA: During the day, 73RAF”> RAF No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group aircraft fly supples to partisans.

    BURMA: Thirty twoUSAAF”> USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts fly close support strikes in the Pinwe and Bhamo sectors; 50 P-47s attack troops and supply areas at Panma, Hpa-Hpen, Nawng-Sang, Kawlin, Wahkyet, Kawngai, and in the Pintha area, eight damage bridges at Meza, Namhkai, and Hsenwi while ten others hit Lashio Airfield. Six B-25 Mitchells attack the storage and ferry area at Meza and four damage approaches to the Namhkai and Hsenwi road bridges.

    USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells bomb a storage area near Lashio the towns of Wanling and Wan.

    CHINA: Japanese forces in southern China, attempting to gain contact with their forces garrisoning French Indochina, take Nanning.

    Twenty oneUSAAF”> USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb the warehouse area and docks at Hankow while B-25 Mitchells hit targets of opportunity in the Hankow, area and Siangtan, and Wuchang, China. Over 120 P-40 s, P-38 Lightnings and P-51 Mustangs on armed reconnaissance attack many targets of opportunity in eastern Burma and southwest and southeast China, concentrating on river and rail traffic and supplies at Chefang, Hengshan, and the Sinshih-Changsha area.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: ThreeUSAAF”> USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb the Haiphong area.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: In the U.S. Sixth Army’s X Corps area on Leyte, the 1st Battalion of the 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division, repels a minor counterattack against Kilay Ridge. In the XXIV Corps area, the 32d Infantry Regiment recovers some ground previously lost on Shoestring Ridge and holds the perimeter—about 2,000 yards (1 829 meters) long and less than 1,500 yards (1 372 meters) deep—against a vigorous counterattack during the night of 24/25 November.

    USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators bomb antiaircraft positions and targets of opportunity at Camp Downes and Panalisan Point and fighters attack and destroy several aircraft over Carigara Bay and the Leyte Island area. B-24s hit antiaircraft positions and other targets at Matina Aerodrome on Mindanao Island. P-40 s and P-47 Thunderbolts attack one of the groups of ships involved in the 5th phase of the TA Operation, sinking a submarine chaser and three landing ships in Cataingan Bay, Masbate Island.

    MARIANAS ISLANDS, SAIPAN: The USAAF raided Tokyo in daylight today for the first time with Twentieth Air Force’s XXI Bomber Command, but Mission 7 was a dismal failure. Of the 111 B-29s which took off on the 3,000-mile round trip from the Mariana Islands, 17 aborted due to engine failure and only 24 managed to drop their bombs in approximately the right area.

    The main target, the Nakashima Aircraft Company’s Musashi engine factory, was hardly touched. One B-29 was deliberately rammed by a Japanese fighter, shearing off the elevator and right horizontal stabiliser, becoming the first XXI Bomber Command B-29 lost to Japanese action. Another had to ditch when it ran out of fuel. The lead aircraft of the raid was B-29 “Dauntless Dotty” of the 869th Squadron, 497 Bomb Group, piloted by Colonel Robert K. Morgan who was the famed pilot of the “Memphis Belle” in Europe, the mission commander, General Emmett “Rosie” O’Donnell was also on board this aircraft.

    B-29 gunners claim 7-18-9 Japanese aircraft.

    Admiral Nimitz informs Vice Admiral John H. Hoover, ComForwardArea (Saipan) that the installations on Iwo Jima are to be the priority target for all of Task Force 94s aircraft, thus putting an end to the anti-shipping strikes.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: USN heavy cruisers USS Chester (CA-27), Pensacola (CA-24) and Salt Lake City (CA-25) bombard Iwo Jima.

    BONIN ISLANDS: TwoUSAAF”> USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Saipan on a shipping reconnaissance attack vessels at Haha Jima and Chichi Jima.

    MARCUS ISLAND: ThreeUSAAF”> USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Guam on armed reconnaissance bomb Marcus Island. The island is located in the North Pacific about 768 nautical miles (1 422 kilometers) west-northwest of Wake Island and is used as a refuelling point for Japanese aircraft en route to the Central Pacific.

    CANADA: There are anti-conscription riots in Montreal and Quebec City, Quebec, after Prime Minister Mackenzie King’s announcement that 16,000 conscripts (draftees) would be sent to England.
    Corvette HMCS Bowmanville departed Londonderry to escort Convoy ON-268.

    Tugs HMCS Plainsville, Hartville and Innisville assigned to Sydney , Nova Scotia, Cornwallis , Nova Scotia and St John’s, Newfoundland respectively.

    Contract awarded to United Shipyards Ltd Montreal, Province of Quebec to convert minelayer HMS Southern Prince to an accommodation ship.

    Corvette HMCS Shawinigan lost in Cabot Strait.

    U.S.A.: Destroyer USS Massey commissioned.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: Corvette HMCS Shawinigan takes a hit from a Zaunkönig fired by U-1228 (Oberleutnant zur See Friedrich-Wilhelm Marienfeld) blows up and sinks with all hands.
    All 91 crewmen are lost. Location: East Coast of Canada at 47 34N 59 11W in Cabot Strait about 2 nautical miles (3,7 kilometers) west of Channel-Port aux Basques, Newfoundland.

    . (Alex Gordon)(108)

  • B-29’S FROM SAIPAN BOMB TOKYO BY DAY; FRENCH TANKS SMASH INTO STRASBOURG (11/24/44)

    11/24/2014 4:19:53 AM PST · 5 of 38
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/nov44/24nov44.htm#

    French capture Strasbourg
    Friday, November 24, 1944 www.onwar.com

    French 2nd Division in Strasbourg [photo at link]

    On the Western Front... The US 3rd Army captures crossings over the Saar River, about 25 miles north of Saarbrucken. To the south, the French 2nd Division (an element of US 7th Army) takes Strasbourg.

    On the Eastern Front... In the Baltic, Soviet forces complete the occupation of Saaremo Island in the Gulf of Riga. About 5000 German troops have been evacuated. Most of the remaining German surface fleet Lutzow, Admiral Scheer and Prinz Eugen provide support for the evacuation, in addition to shelling mainland targets in support of German Army Group North.

    Over Japan... The first B-29 Superfortress raid on Tokyo is conducted by 111 planes (2 lost), led by the “Dauntless Dotty” with the nominal target of the Musashi aircraft engine plant. The bombers fly from northeast India via forward bases at Chengtu in China.

    In the North Atlantic... The Royal Canadian Navy corvette HMCS Shawinigan is sunk by U-1228 in the Cabot Strait between Cape Breton Island and Newfoundland. The entire crew of 91 dies.

  • B-29’S FROM SAIPAN BOMB TOKYO BY DAY; FRENCH TANKS SMASH INTO STRASBOURG (11/24/44)

    11/24/2014 4:18:23 AM PST · 4 of 38
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Industry Blasted – 2-3
    B-29’s Fill Air at Saipan as They Leave to Hit Tokyo – 3
    Saipan Base Once Held ‘Impossible’ (Horne) – 4
    Two Officers Give Lives as Other’s Chute Fails – 4
    Leyte Line Turned as Limon is Seized – 5
    M’Arthur Certain of Leyte Victory (Shalett) – 5-6
    Chinese Speed Up Burma Road Push – 6
    Wedemeyer Sees U.S. Army in China – 6
    War News Summarized – 6
    Rhine City Falling (Middleton) – 7-9
    Mother Describes Death of a Patriot – 9-10
    Eisenhower Acts in Cigarette Snarl – 10-11
    Surrender in the West (photo) – 10
    Churchill Hails U.S. Forces as Strongest in the World (Daniel) – 11
    American Tanks and Artillery Taking Part in Drive on Western Front (photos) – 12
    Men on Battlefields Get Turkey and Trimmings where Possible – 13-14
    Holiday Message Voiced by Halsey – 14
    ‘Lost Flier Bobs Up for Dinner at Home; Was Downed, Captured and Had Malaria – 14
    The Outlook in Burma (Baldwin) – 16
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 17-19
    Voroshiloff Seen in Far East Post – 19
  • B-29’S FROM SAIPAN BOMB TOKYO BY DAY; FRENCH TANKS SMASH INTO STRASBOURG (11/24/44)

    11/24/2014 4:16:52 AM PST · 3 of 38
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • B-29’S FROM SAIPAN BOMB TOKYO BY DAY; FRENCH TANKS SMASH INTO STRASBOURG (11/24/44)

    11/24/2014 4:16:04 AM PST · 2 of 38
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Battle for Northern Entrance to Ormoc Valley, 16 November-14 December 1944 (from 32d Infantry Division website)
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 8 November-15 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • B-29’S FROM SAIPAN BOMB TOKYO BY DAY; FRENCH TANKS SMASH INTO STRASBOURG (11/24/44)

    11/24/2014 4:15:24 AM PST · 1 of 38
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • U.S. UNITS REACH ROER LINE GUARDING COLOGNE; AMERICANS AND FRENCH FORMING VOSGES TRAP (11/23/44)

    11/23/2014 4:34:29 AM PST · 9 of 28
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/10/23.htm

    November 23rd, 1944 (THURSDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Submarine HMS Sidon commissioned.

    Submarine HMS L-27 paid off.

    Western Front: The German 15th Army withdraws deeper into Holland. The German 7th army begins a series of attacks against the US 9th Army. In the south, French units attached to the US 7th Army reach Strasbourg.

    FRANCE: Strasburg: The first French troops entered Strasburg today after a two pronged drive by LeClerc’s 2nd Armoured Division and de Tassigny’s First French Army. The Germans were apparently taken by surprise by the speed of the French advance, which was backed by units of Patch’s US Seventh Army. Some 3,000 prisoners were taken. In the Reich Anatomical Institute, set up by Himmler after 1940, the Americans found scores of headless bodies.

    An estimated 50,000 Germans remain in the “Colmar pocket” - an enemy salient projecting into the Allied lines below Strasburg as far south as Mulhouse. French artillery on the Rhine in Alsace, a few miles west if Basle, is bombarding German positions in Baden on the east bank. Shunting yards have been demolished and all rail traffic from the Swiss border has been halted. Fires have been started in the foothills if the Black Forest. With ferries on the Rhine either sunk or halted, some German units trapped on the west bank have fled into Switzerland.

    When the capture of Strasburg was announced to the French Consultative Assembly in Paris, members cheered and stood up to sing the Marseillaise.

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XII Corps area, elements of the 137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Infantry Division, push into Hilsprich, which is needed for the armored attack, but are forced back to St Jean-Rohrbach. the 104th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division, reoccupies Albestroff but is too disorganized to continue the attack: the 328th Infantry Regiment takes over its sector and attacks toward line the Vittersbourg- Honskirch-Altwiller. A Combat Command B column of the 4th Armored Division, driving east from Mittersheim, reaches the west bank of the Saar River at Fenetran

    In U.S. Seventh Army’s XV Corps area, the French 2 Armored Division drives into Strasbourg and clears the city, but the Germans retain a small bridgehead at the Kehl bridge. The Germans abandon Phalsbourg, at the western end of the Saverne Gap. As infantry is being shifted through the gap toward Haguenau and Soufflenheim, the Germans begin series of counterattacks N of Sarrebourg, forcing the corps to regroup to meet the threat. Most of the 44th and 45th Infantry Divisions as well as 106th Cavalry Group are disposed at the western side of the Saverne Gap. In the VI Corps area, the 3d Infantry Division takes Saulxures and Saales; in conjunction with the 100th Infantry Division to the left, they overrun St Blaise. Two regiments of the 103d Infantry Division are moving to outflank the Steige pass, while the third, on the southern flank, attacks in conjunction with the 36th Infantry Division in the region west of Ste Marie. The 143d and 141st Infantry Regiments, 36th Infantr y Division, are closing in on Fraize, the 143d taking Mandray.

    In the French First Army area, the II Corps takes Chateau-Lambert but progress elsewhere is negligible. The corps is ordered to open the route of advance for Combat Command 6, which, with the 2d Moroccan Division, has been placed under corps command. In the I Corps area, the Germans for the second time cut the route to the Rhine River in the vicinity of Seppois.

    GERMANY:

    In the British Second Army area, XXX Corps goes on the defensive and releases. Further efforts earlier in the day to take Wurm and Beeck have failed.

    In the U.S. Ninth Army’s XIX Corps area, Combat Command A of the 2d Armored Division takes about half of Merzenhausen and halts to consolidate. Elements of the 175th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division, takes Bourheim in strenuous fighting; the Germans soon begin counterattacks, which continue for the next three days. Elements of the 120th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division, take Lohn and hold it against a counterattacks; elements of the 119th Infantry Regiment, assisted by diversionary fire from Erberich, clear Pattern; and the 30th Infantry Division then halts their attack to await clearance of Kirchberg and Inden.

    On Thanksgiving Day with the US First Army, in the 104th Division sector, the Germans strongly defended Petzlohn near the army boundary and the 413th Infantry lost and then recaptured Hill 272. The 414th Infantry on the right flank made substantial progress along the north bank of the Inde River. The 1st Division made progress on the left flank of the division zone, where the 47th progressed one half mile towards Hucheln. The 4th Division’s 8th Infantry fought forward 700 yards through the forest along the Schevenhtte-Dren road and the 12th Infantry progressed about 500 yards through minefields and artillery fire northeast towards Grosshau. In the 8th Division zone, the 121st Infantry was temporarily checked by a German counterattack that was repulsed in the afternoon. (Robert Rush)

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, the 358th Infantry Regiment of the 90th Infantry Division takes over the attack from Combat Command A of the 10th Armored Division, attempting to push through the Orscholz line to the villages of Sinz and Muenzingen with the 3d and 2d Battalions: the 3d Battalion clears the Ampholz Woods east of Tettingen; the 2d is disorganized by friendly fire which is falling short.

    The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 722: In Germany, 146 B-17 Flying Fortresses and 73 P-51 Mustangs make a GH attack on the Norstern benzol manufacturing plant near Gelsenkirchen and 13 bomb the marshalling yard at Duisburg with the loss of 1 P-51.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 168 Lancasters to carry out a G-H raid through cloud on the Nordstern synthetic oil plant at Gelsenkirchen; 162 bomb the target with the loss of one aircraft. The bombing appears to be accurate.

    During the night of 23/24 November, RAF Bomber Command Mosquitos bomb five targets: 61 hit Hannover with the loss of one; nine attack an aircraft engine factory at Eisenach; six bomb a marshalling yard at Gottingen; four bomb Hagen and one bombs Dortmund.

    U-3519, U-3520 launched.

    HUNGARY: The Russians capture Tokay in southern HUNGARYand the rail junction of Cop (Csap), which has changed hands several times during the last few weeks, falls to the Red Army.

    U.S.S.R.: The government announces that with the help of the Finns, they have cleared Lapland of Germans.

    ESTONIA: With the elimination of the German pocket on southern Oesd Island., Soviet forces now control the entrance to the Gulf of Riga.

    ITALY: In the British Eighth Army area, the Polish II Corps secures Mt. Ricci. The V Corps consolidates the bridgeheads across the Cosina River. The Germans begin a withdrawal toward the next water barrier, the Lamonc River. The Indian 10th Division is strongly opposed, however, on the right flank of the corps along the Montone River north of Highway 9.

    Bad weather restricts operations by the USAAF”> USAAF Twelfth Air Force. Medium bombers over the Faenza area abort due to overcast and P-47 Thunderbolts hampered by low clouds over the Apennines Mountains, fly only 16 sorties, against rail lines south of Bologna, but succeed in cutting the lines in six places.

    YUGOSLAVIA: USAAF”> USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators attack four transportation targets: 126 bomb a railroad bridge at Zenicca while seven bomb a highway bridge; 19 hit a railroad bridge at Doboj; and seven bomb the Sava highway bridges at Brod.

    During the day, RAF bombers of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb two cities: 40 hit Rogetica and 33 bomb Uzice with the loss of one aircraft.

    CHINA: Over 120 USAAF Fourteenth Air Force P-40s, P-51 Mustangs and P-38 Lightnings hit targets of opportunity throughout southeast and southwest China while 32 of the fighter-bombers support ground forces in the Chefang area.

    HONG KONG: Two USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb Kowloon Docks.

    BURMA: Over 50 USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts support ground forces in the Pinwe and Bhamo areas; 16 sweep and strafe airfields and many targets of opportunity from Anisakan to Nawnghkio; and three hit an ammunition dump at Man Naung. Twenty one P-47s sweep roads in the Ye-U area and strafe rail installations at Kanbalu while ten B-25 Mitchells knock out the Tantabin main bridge and Tangon and Thegyaung bypass bridges, and blast approaches to the Tangon main bridge and Tantabin bypass bridge.

    Twelve USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells bomb a storage area near Lashio and eight hit Kutkai and Wanling.

    NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES: Eleven RAAF (P-40) Kittyhawks dive bomb Lolobato and Hatetabako Aerodromes on Halmahera Island and 12 others dive bomb Galela Airfield on Galela Island 20 miles (32 kilometers) from Morotai Island.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: In the U.S. Sixth Army’s X Corps area on Leyte, the 128th Infantry Regiment of the 32d Infantry Division improves and consolidates positions south of Limon and for the next few days patrols actively. The 112th Cavalry Regiment, which has been patrolling the Mt. Minoro area, is ordered southwest toward Highway 2 to relieve pressure on the 32d Infantry Division. In the XXIV Corps area, the 77th Infantry Division begins unloading on Leyte and is assigned to the corps. The Battle of Shoestring Ridge opens as the Japanese attack the sector of thinly spread 32d Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, along the Palanas River, forcing a limited withdrawal.

    USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators bomb Matina Aerodrome on Mindanao Island.

    The USN submarine USS Gar (SS-206) lands men and supplies on west coast of Luzon.

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: The RAAF’s No. 6 Squadron resumes their attack on Rabaul, New Britain Island, with Beauforts. The town will be attacked three more times before the end of the month.

    BONIN ISLANDS: Seventeen USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Guam hit shipping at Chichi Jima and Haha Jima and bomb the town of Okimura.

    SOLOMON ISLANDS: Australian troops of the 9th Battalion, 7th Brigade, 3rd Division, relieve the U.S. 2d Battalion, 132d Infantry Regiment, Americal Division, at Cape Torokina, Bougainville. The Australian arrival opens the campaign on Bougainville that cost over 500 Australian lives by the war’s end.

    CANADA: The government through Order-in-council at Parliament votes to send 16,000 conscripted men to overseas areas to join the hitherto voluntary Canadian Army. Riots follow in Montreal and Quebec City. (Dave Hornford)

    U.S.A.: Coast Guard-manned Army FS-405 was commissioned at San Francisco with ENS F. D. Statts, USCGR, as her first commanding officer. He was succeeded on 12 September 1945, by LTJG David Mitter, USCGR. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area.
    Minesweeper USS Eager commissioned.

    Destroyers USS Alfred A Cunningham and Gainard commissioned.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-978 torpedoed SS William D Burnham in Convoy TMC-44. Total loss.

  • U.S. UNITS REACH ROER LINE GUARDING COLOGNE; AMERICANS AND FRENCH FORMING VOSGES TRAP (11/23/44)

    11/23/2014 4:32:35 AM PST · 8 of 28
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/nov44/23nov44.htm#

    Germans counterattack Americans
    Thursday, November 23, 1944 www.onwar.com

    American bazooka team awaits German assault [photo at link]

    On the Western Front... On the right flank of the German line, the 15th Army falls back in Holland. Meanwhile, the German 7th Army launches attacks on forces of US 9th Army. To the south, French troops of US 7th Army reach Strasbourg.

    On the Eastern Front... In Czechoslovakia, Soviet troops take Cop. In Hungary, Soviet forces capture Tokay in the north of the country.

    In Moscow... The government announces that, with the assistance of Finnish forces in accord with the terms of the recent armistice, Finnish Lapland has been cleared of German troops.

    From London... The British Eastern Fleet is disbanded. Older ships and the escort carriers a formed into the British East Indies Fleet, while the modern ships are detached for service as the British Pacific Fleet.

  • U.S. UNITS REACH ROER LINE GUARDING COLOGNE; AMERICANS AND FRENCH FORMING VOSGES TRAP (11/23/44)

    11/23/2014 4:31:27 AM PST · 7 of 28
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Push toward Ruhr (Middleton) – 2-4
    Americans in Slashing Drive, Begun at 3 A.M., Upset Foe (Denny) – 4
    U.S. 9th Army Wins a Big Tank Battle – 4-5
    American Medical Party Meets with Disaster in Germany (photos) – 5
    The Supreme Commander Has Words of Praise for His Men (page 1 photo) – 6
    Russians Push Arc North of Budapest – 6-7
    Confer on Raising Truck Tire Output – 7
    The Flag of Norway Flies over a Liberated Port (photo) – 7
    House Votes Bill on Crop Insurance – 7
    Two B-29’s Bagged by Japan’s Fliers (Wood) – 8
    U.S. Fliers Sink Foe’s Leyte Craft – 8
    War News Summarized – 9
    Army Bans Canned Turkey Today; Navy Specifies ‘Roast Young Tom’ – 10
    This Compensates for Your Turkeyless Thanksgiving (photos) – 10-11
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 12-14
    ‘Good’ Robot Bomb is Developed Here – 14
    It Carries the Label ‘Made in America’ (photo) – 14
  • U.S. UNITS REACH ROER LINE GUARDING COLOGNE; AMERICANS AND FRENCH FORMING VOSGES TRAP (11/23/44)

    11/23/2014 4:30:05 AM PST · 6 of 28
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The prime minister speaks about the American Thanksgiving (3:59)

    Winston Churchill on BBC

  • U.S. UNITS REACH ROER LINE GUARDING COLOGNE; AMERICANS AND FRENCH FORMING VOSGES TRAP (11/23/44)

    11/23/2014 4:27:20 AM PST · 5 of 28
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Here are a couple pictures of the 128th Inf. Regiment, 32nd Inf. Division, at Limon, Leyte, Philippines.

    Source: http://www.32nd-division.org/history/ww2/32ww2-10.html#Leyte

     photo 1123-push18_zps463a69be.jpg  photo 1123-push19_zps8361ca5a.jpg