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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • Mutual Broadcasting Special Report: Army Bomber Crashes in to Empire State Building (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 9:19:18 AM PDT · 3 of 20
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    The following is a special news report about the crash of a B-25 bomber into the Empire State Building a couple hours ago. It includes interviews with two women who were working in the building at the time of the crash (5:55). Listen at the linked recording.

    Barry Gray

  • Mutual Broadcasting Special Report: Army Bomber Crashes in to Empire State Building (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 9:18:05 AM PDT · 1 of 20
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • FLEET STRIKES AS TOKYO ‘IGNORES’ TERMS; B-29 CHIEF NAMES 11 CITIES TO BE WIPED OUT (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 6:44:25 AM PDT · 15 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Alas Babylon!
    I guess Negroes was the respectable term then?

    Yes. Through most of the sixties.

  • FLEET STRIKES AS TOKYO ‘IGNORES’ TERMS; B-29 CHIEF NAMES 11 CITIES TO BE WIPED OUT (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 6:22:37 AM PDT · 13 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Rebelbase

    It is foggy in NYC this morning. Keep your radio on.

  • FLEET STRIKES AS TOKYO ‘IGNORES’ TERMS; B-29 CHIEF NAMES 11 CITIES TO BE WIPED OUT (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 5:03:14 AM PDT · 6 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/6/28.htm

    July 28th, 1945 (SATURDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Attlee, with Ernest Bevin, the new foreign secretary, flies out to rejoin the Potsdam conference.

    Submarines HMS Aurochs and Alliance launched.

    JAPAN: Premier Suzuki notes on the Japanese government’s reaction to the Potsdam Declaration that they will “take no notice.” There is concern among the members of the Japanese government that the diplomatic note was not delivered through a neutral government. There are also several other possible translations of the words used by the Premier.
    He says that the Potsdam Declaration could only be ignored as it failed to answer several fundamental issues. The ultimatum had made no reference to the emperor or to the status of the throne after a surrender. Nor had Japan received any response to its request made to Moscow two weeks ago to mediate in peace negotiations and receive Prince Konoye as a special envoy. Hawks in the Japanese cabinet - identified as Korechika Anami, the war minister, Yoshijiro Umezu, the army chief of staff - argue that the deliberate absence of any reference to the emperor in the Potsdam declaration is certain evidence of Allied determination to topple the throne.

    With Allied invasion forces building up they want the Ketsu-Go plan implemented to defeat US landings. The plan calls for a force of 2.35 million troops, backed by four million reservists and a newly-recruited civilian militia of 28 million.

    During the day US bombers dropped thousands of leaflets on 12 Japanese cities warning civilians to “flee or perish.”

    Carrier-based aircraft of the USN’s Task Force 38 attack the Inland Sea area between Nagoya and northern Kyushu, especially the Kure Naval Base. The aircraft sink a battleship HIJMS HARUNA, a battleship-carrier HIJMS HYUGA, heavy cruisers HIJMS AMAGI and KATSURAGI, a light carrier HIJMS RYUHO, 17 other vessels and the uncompleted carriers KASAGI, ASO and IBUKI. American and British pilots shot down or burned up 306 enemy planes and damaged 392. Heavy and accurate AA fire brings down 133 USN aircraft and 102 airmen.

    1772 RN Sqn, Firefly a/c off HMS Indefatigable, Lt(A) Charles Peter Rodger “Steve” “CPR” Stevens RCNVR of Montreal, Province of Quebec. Lost in action - failed to return from strike, strafing enemy shipping at Hirara, near Shimo Islands, Japan.

    Carrier-based aircraft of the RN’s Task Force 37 sink 3 ships off Yura.

    Historians vary on the accounts of these strikes. Hammel for instance has strikes only occurring today. Reynolds shows these strikes occurring on both the 24th and today. Admiral Halsey with Bryan adds strikes on the 25th to those listed by Reynolds. In all three cases the US losses are listed with the same numbers. (Rich Leonard)

    The USAAF’s VII Fighter Command dispatches 140+ P-51s, based on Iwo Jima, to hit 9 objectives (airfields and military targets) in a wide area around Tokyo and attack a destroyer escort along the Chiba Peninsula, leaving it burning.

    During the day, 137 Ie Shima-based P-47s of the US Far East Air Force rocket and strafe airfields, oil stores, railroad yards, warehouses, industry, gun positions, and other targets on Kyushu at or near Kanoya, Metatsubara, Tachiarai, Kurume, Saga, and Junicho; 21 more P-47s attack shipping at Yatsushiro and A-26 Invaders and B-25s pound airfields at Kanoya; P-51s and B-25s, sweeping over the Inland Sea, destroy 2 small cargo vessels and a patrol boat and 70+ B-24s bomb shipping at Kure, claiming direct hits on a battleship and an aircraft carrier. RN and USN carrier-based aircraft attack airfields and naval installations in the Inland Sea. The battleship-aircraft carrier HIJMS Hyuga is sunk but 133 USN aircraft are lost due to intense AA fire.

    During the night of 28/29 July, 554 US Twentieth Air Force B-29 Superfortresses fly 6 incendiary raids on secondary cities and 1 bombing raid against Japan without loss.

    - Mission 297: 76 B-29s attack the Tsu urban area destroying 0.84 sq mi (2.18 sq km), 57% of the city area.

    - Mission 298: 61 B-29s hit the Aomori urban area destroying 1.06 sq mi (2.75 sq km), 64% of the city area; 3 others hit alternate targets.

    - Mission 299: 122 B-29s attack the Ichinomiya urban area destroying 0.99 sq mi (2.56 sq km), 75% of the city area; 2 others attack alternate areas.

    - Mission 300: 93 B-29s hit the Uji-Yamada urban area destroying 0.36 sq mi (0.93 sq km), 39% of the city area; 1 other hits an alternate target.

    - Mission 301: 90 B-29s attack the Ogaki urban area destroying 0.48 sq mi (1.24 sq km), 40% of the city area.

    - Mission 302: 29 B-29s hit the Uwajima urban area destroying 0.53 sq mi (1.37 sq km), 52% of the city area.

    - Mission 303: 76 B-29s bomb the Shimotsu Oil Refinery; 75% of the tank capacity, 90% gasometer capacity and 69% of the roof area destroyed or damaged; 1 other B-29s hits an alternate target.

    - 140+ P-51s, based on Iwo Jima, hit 9 objectives (airfields and military targets) in a wide area around Tokyo and attack a destroyer escort along the Chiba Peninsula, leaving it burning.

    During the night of 27/28 July, the destroyer USS Callaghan (DD-792) is sunk by a kamikaze while on radar picket duty about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Okinawa. The Japanese biplane struck the ship on the starboard side, exploded and one of the plane’s bombs penetrated the after engine room. The destroyer flooded, and the fires which ignited antiaircraft ammunition prevented nearby ships from rendering aid. She sank at 0235, 28 July 1945, with the loss of 47 members of her valiant crew. This is the last USN ship sunk by a kamikaze.

    SINGAPORE: British frogmen sink the Japanese cuiser TAKAO with limpet mines.

    CANADA: Minesweepers HMCS Oshawa and Rockcliffe paid off.
    Destroyers HMCS Cayuga and Micmac launched Halifax, Nova Scotia.

    U.S.A.: A USAAF North American B-25 Mitchell, “Old Feather”, enroute from Bedford AAFld, Massachusetts, to Newark AAFld, New Jersey, hits the fog-shrouded Empire State Building in New York City directly on the 79th floor. There are three men aboard the B-25, the pilot, Lt. Col. William F. Smith, Jr., the flight engineer and a sailor hitching a ride home; all are killed. Also killed are 11 employees of the War Relief Services, a Roman Catholic charity; 23 others are injured. The aircraft’s wings are sheared off and one engine tears across the 78th floor, through the opposite wall destroying a penthouse on the roof of a neighboring 12-story building. The other engine and the fuselage punch an 18 by 20-foot (5.49 by 6.10 m) hole in the building. Fortunately, it is a Saturday or the casualties would have been greater. (John Nicholas and Jack McKillop)

    WASHINGTON: The U.S. Senate ratifies the United Nations Charter.

    Minesweeper USS Tanager commissioned.

    Destroyer USS Corry launched.

    Submarine USS Cusk launched.

    The top pop tunes today are (1) “The More I See You” by Dick
    Haymes; (2) “Dream” by The Pied Pipers; (3) “Sentimental Journey” by Les
    Brown and his Orchestra with vocal by Doris Day which was ranked Number 3
    for the year; and (4) “Oklahoma Hills” by Jack Guthrie.

  • FLEET STRIKES AS TOKYO ‘IGNORES’ TERMS; B-29 CHIEF NAMES 11 CITIES TO BE WIPED OUT (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 5:00:13 AM PDT · 5 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Halsey Busy Again (Jones, Lindsley) – 2
    Japanese Cabinet Weighs Ultimatum – 2-3
    Troops Returning Home – 3
    LeMay Tells Japanese People Where ‘Superforts’ Will Hit – 4
    Japanese Prisoners Swept Up by the ‘Cyclone’ (photos) – 5-6
    M’Arthur Airmen Bag 13 More Ships – 6
    Kamikaze Hits the California; Battleship Fights On; Losses 203 – 7
    War News Summarized – 7
    Chinese Win Back Another Airbase – 8
    French Want Rule Widened in Reich (Schmidt) – 9
    Use of U.S. Troops by League to Go to Congress Vote (Reston) – 9-10
    Communists Vote to Re-Form Party – 10
    Commander in Chief Reviews American Troops at Frankfort on the Main (photos) – 11
    Democratic Vote of Negroes Upheld – 12
    A Mustang with a Greater Kick to Face the Japanese (photo) – 12
    Day’s Communiques – 13
  • FLEET STRIKES AS TOKYO ‘IGNORES’ TERMS; B-29 CHIEF NAMES 11 CITIES TO BE WIPED OUT (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 4:58:58 AM PDT · 4 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top 10 (or Top 14) for the Week of July 28, 1945

    #1 - “On the Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe” - Johnny Mercer, with the Pied Pipers
    #2 – “Sentimental Journey” – Les Brown, with Doris Day
    #3 - “Chopin’s Polonaise” - Carmen Cavallaro
    #4 - “Gotta Be This Or That” - Benny Goodman
    #5 – “There! I’ve Said It Again” – Vaughn Monroe
    #6 – “If I Loved You” – Perry Como
    #7 - “Bell Bottom Trousers” - Tony Pastor, with Ruth McCullough
    #8 – “On the Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe” – Bing Crosby
    #9 - “Bell Bottom Trousers” - Jerry Colonna
    #9 - “Sentimental Journey” - Hal McIntyre
    #9 – “Sentimental Journey” – Merry Macs
    #9 – “Tampico” – Stan Kenton, with June Christy
    #10 - “Bell Bottom Trousers” - Kay Kyser, with Ferdy Slim Quartet
    #10 – “You Belong to My Heart” – Bing Crosby, with Xavier Cugat Orchestra

  • FLEET STRIKES AS TOKYO ‘IGNORES’ TERMS; B-29 CHIEF NAMES 11 CITIES TO BE WIPED OUT (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 4:58:21 AM PDT · 3 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • FLEET STRIKES AS TOKYO ‘IGNORES’ TERMS; B-29 CHIEF NAMES 11 CITIES TO BE WIPED OUT (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 4:57:43 AM PDT · 2 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War
  • FLEET STRIKES AS TOKYO ‘IGNORES’ TERMS; B-29 CHIEF NAMES 11 CITIES TO BE WIPED OUT (7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 4:57:19 AM PDT · 1 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • “Christmas in Connecticut,” “The Frozen Ghost” (Movie Reviews-7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 4:53:35 AM PDT · 3 of 9
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Netflix has “Christmas in Connecticut” on DVD. That’s good because Homer likes to watch it once a year or so.

    “Christmas in Connecticut” original trailer

  • “Christmas in Connecticut,” “The Frozen Ghost” (Movie Reviews-7/28/45)

  • “Christmas in Connecticut,” “The Frozen Ghost” (Movie Reviews-7/28/45)

    07/28/2015 4:51:50 AM PDT · 1 of 9
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • CHURCHILL IS DEFEATED IN LABOR LANDSLIDE; ATTLEE PROMISES PROSECUTION OF PACIFIC WAR (7/27/45)

    07/27/2015 7:42:10 AM PDT · 27 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to PeterPrinciple
    In 2004 [Clement Attlee] was voted the greatest British Prime Minister of the 20th Century by a poll of 139 academics organised by Ipsos MORI.

    I wonder if a bust of Attlee sits in the White House.

  • CHURCHILL IS DEFEATED IN LABOR LANDSLIDE; ATTLEE PROMISES PROSECUTION OF PACIFIC WAR (7/27/45)

    07/27/2015 5:46:11 AM PDT · 17 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to PeterPrinciple

    Operation Downfall called for landings on Japan in November 1945 (Kyushu, Shikoku) and March 1946 (Honshu).

  • CHURCHILL IS DEFEATED IN LABOR LANDSLIDE; ATTLEE PROMISES PROSECUTION OF PACIFIC WAR (7/27/45)

    07/27/2015 4:46:50 AM PDT · 6 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/6/27.htm

    July 27th, 1945 (FRIDAY)

    GERMANY: The Potsdam Declaration calling for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese is delivered to the Japanese government. They ignore the ultimatum and US President Harry S Truman subsequently approves the plans to drop atomic bombs on Japan.

    UNITED KINGDOM: Clement Richard Attlee, now 62, got briskly down to business on his first full day as prime minister. He was probably as surprised as much of the nation was to find himself in the job, but he did not show it. Attlee is a calm, undemonstrative and taciturn man. He is probably the most self-effacing tenant 10 Downing Street has ever had. In contrast to Mr. Churchill he will not be haranguing his cabinet, and he intends to run it like an active company chairman and not a dictator.

    This quiet, pipe-smoking cricket-loving premier knows his Whitehall onions. Apart from Mr. Churchill himself he is the only politician to have served in the war cabinet from start to finish.

    As deputy premier he presided over key cabinet committees and had a pivotal role throughout. At crucial moments he also had an important restraining influence on Churchill. He managed that without raising his voice or ever saying anything more violent than “That’s a bit think, Winston.” The two men have far greater mutual affection that their election campaign insult-swopping suggests, and Churchill does not pretend that he meant it when he quipped: “Attlee is a modest man and he has plenty to be modest about.”

    Labour’s leader - one of the public-school, middle-class socialists - drifted into politics through doing good works in London’s impoverished East End.

    London: The Chiefs of Staff have their last conference with Churchill.

    CANADA: Minesweepers HMCS Comox and Fundy paid off.

    Minesweeper HMCS Willow Lake launched Nanaimo, British Columbia.

    Cruiser HMCS Uganda relieved by HMS Argonaut and departs for Esquimalt. Preparation for a Canadian all-volunteer “Pacific Tiger Force” for the invasion of Japan provoked a manning review that led to a vote by the majority of Uganda’s crew to return home.

    JAPAN: US aircraft drop leaflets on 11 cities prior to targeting them for bombardment. The leaflets say: “Heed this warning and evacuate these cities immediately.”

    During the night of 27/28 July, US Twentieth Air Force B-29 Superfortresses fly Mission 296 a mining mission; 24 B-29s drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait, at Fukuoka, Niigata, Maizuru, Senzaki, and in Fukawa Bay; 1 other mines an alternate target; 3 B-29s are lost to heavy flak and 1 crash lands on Iwo Jima and is subsequently scrapped. During the day, 60+ Fifth and Seventh AF B-24s pound a marshalling yard at Kagoshima, Kyushu and 50 escorting P-51s attack numerous nearby targets of opportunity; 150+ P-47s over Kyushu hit communications and industrial targets, including a tunnel south of Kurino, bridges at Okasa, Hitosuse-gawa, and Matsubase, and factories and a power plant at Yatsushiro.

  • CHURCHILL IS DEFEATED IN LABOR LANDSLIDE; ATTLEE PROMISES PROSECUTION OF PACIFIC WAR (7/27/45)

    07/27/2015 4:45:48 AM PDT · 5 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    British Turn Left (Matthews) – 2-3
    Churchill Reported Ending Berlin Role 3
    Attlee in First Talk Backs Harmony With U.S., Russia (Gruson) – 3-4
    Attlee Has Backed Churchill Policies – 4
    Churchill Defeat Startling to Paris (Callender) – 4-5
    U.S. Zionists Hail Attlee’s Victory – 5
    Setback Expected in Return of Kings (Sulzberger) – 5-6
    Reparation Issues to Fore in Britain (Pertinax) – 6
    War News Summarized – 6
    Candidates Who Were Swept Into and Out of Office in Britain’s Election (photos) – 7-8
    Terms Laid Down (Daniell) – 9
    Text of Offer to Japanese – 10
    British Fliers Foil Blow at 3d Fleet – 10
    3 Japanese Cities Fired by 350 B-29’s (by W.H. Lawrence & Lindesay Parrott) – 11-12
    Doolittle Pledges Devastated Japan – 12
    Avenger Pilots Whose Bombs Hit Japanese Battleship (photo) – 12
    Chinese Recapture 7th Air Base City – 13-14
    7,000,000 Troops for Single Blow at Japan Planned, Says Devers (by Sidney Shalett) – 14
    Truman Pledges Free World as He Reviews U.S. Troops (by Drew Middleton) – 15
    1,483 Captive Men Off for Germany – 16
    On Their Way to a War-Ravaged Homeland (photo) – 16
    Ruhr Coal Output Far Under Normal (by Gladwin Hill) – 16-17
    Americans Searching German Homes in Bremen (photo) – 17
    Terms for Japanese (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 18
    U.S. Adds a Greatly Improved Mustang, More Heavily Armed Hellcat to Pacific War – 18
    Day’s Communiques – 19
  • CHURCHILL IS DEFEATED IN LABOR LANDSLIDE; ATTLEE PROMISES PROSECUTION OF PACIFIC WAR (7/27/45)

    07/27/2015 4:44:43 AM PDT · 4 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0727-british22_zpsfyetohpj.jpg

    Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., 32d Infantry Division World War II

  • CHURCHILL IS DEFEATED IN LABOR LANDSLIDE; ATTLEE PROMISES PROSECUTION OF PACIFIC WAR (7/27/45)

    07/27/2015 4:42:54 AM PDT · 3 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • CHURCHILL IS DEFEATED IN LABOR LANDSLIDE; ATTLEE PROMISES PROSECUTION OF PACIFIC WAR (7/27/45)

    07/27/2015 4:42:08 AM PDT · 2 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War
  • CHURCHILL IS DEFEATED IN LABOR LANDSLIDE; ATTLEE PROMISES PROSECUTION OF PACIFIC WAR (7/27/45)

    07/27/2015 4:41:37 AM PDT · 1 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • STALIN TALKS WITH MOUNTBATTEN AS CHIEF IN FAR EAST MEETS BIG 3 (7/26/45)

    07/26/2015 5:56:35 AM PDT · 7 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/6/26.htm

    July 26th, 1945 (THURSDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The results of the General Election are announced. The Conservative Party of Winston Churchill loses to the Labour Party. Clement Attlee becomes Prime Minister.

    This is a sensational general election landslide victory. Tonight for the first time the party rules Britain with a secure parliamentary majority. It is a turning point in the nation’s history. The results of the 5 July polling announced today were Labour 393 seats, Tories and allies 213, Liberals 12, other parties 22.

    Voters had cheered Winston Churchill wherever he went during the campaign. But millions had also decided long ago to punish the Tories for pre-war economic misery. They voted instead for a party apparently more earnestly dedicated to social reform. The forces overwhelmingly backed Labour.

    Mr. Churchill resigned this evening and the king sent for the Labour leader, Clement Attlee, to form the new government. With the help of Ernest Bevin, the trade union juggernaut, Mr. Attlee had a few hours earlier survived a botched attempt by his deputy Herbert Morrison and others to depose him. In his hour of defeat, the war-time prime minister accepted the verdict with grace: “I thank the British people for many kindnesses shown towards their servants.”

    Boom defence vessel HMS Barbastel launched.

    GERMANY: Allied leaders of Britain, China and the US issue the Potsdam ultimatum warning Japan that failing to surrender will lead to “prompt and utter destruction.”

    TINIAN: The cruiser USS INDIANAPOLIS delivers the consignment of U-235 needed to assemble the atomic bomb.

    MALAYA: British ships end a three-day bombardment of ports, railways and airfields.

    INDIAN OCEAN: Minesweeper HMS Vestal suffers severe damage after being struck by a JAAF Kamikaze aircraft and has to be sunk by destroyer Racehorse. There are 20 casualties. Vestal is the only RN warship to be sunk after being damaged by a Kamikaze aircraft. (Is this a specific or a general qualification? Were ANY RN ships sunk by Kamikazes or does this incident relate only to being scuttled after being damaged in such an attack?) (Alex Gordon)(108)

    JAPAN: In the Kurile Islands, 7 Eleventh Air Force B-24s successfully hit the Kataoka Naval Base on Shimushu Island with incendiaries, leaving smoke columns 5,000 ft (1,524 m) high in their wake; there is no airborne opposition and AA fire is moderate and inaccurate. Another B-24 flies a radar-ferret mission over the northern Kurile Islands. The submarine USS Barb (SS-220) surfaces off Kunashiri Island and the crew uses her deck gun to destroy a lumbermill and the sampan building yard.

    During the night of 26/27 July, 350 Twentieth Air Force B-29 Superfortresses fly 3 incendiary missions against secondary cities; 1 B-29 is lost:

    - Mission 293: 127 B-29s attack the Matsuyama urban area destroying 1.22 sq mi (3.16 sq km), 73% of the total city area.

    - Mission 294: 97 B-29s hit the Tokuyama urban area destroying 0.47 sq mi (1.22 sq km), 37% of the city area; 1 other hits an alternate target.

    - Mission 295: 124 B-29s attack the Omuta urban area destroying 2.05 sq mi (5.31 sq km), 38% of the city area; 1 other hits an alternate target; 1 B-29 is lost.

    509 BG conducts another Pumpkin mission. [See chart with better format at linked diary - HJS.]

    Ops. Miss. Date Aircraft Cdr. Crew Bombing Target Lat Long Result
    27 9 26/07/45 44-27296 Price B-7 Secondary Visual Shimoda urban Very Poor
    27 9 26/07/45 44-27297 Albury C-15 Secondary Radar Toyama urban Unobserved
    27 9 26/07/45 44-27298 Taylor A-1 Opport. Radar RR Yards, Yaizu Poor
    27 8 26/07/45 44-27301 Eatherly C-11 Opport. Visual Tsugawa area Poor
    27 8 26/07/45 44-27302 Westover A-4 Opport. Visual Taira Industrial Area Poor
    27 9 26/07/45 44-27303 Devore A-3 Secondary Visual Osaka urban Good
    27 9 26/07/45 44-27304 Marquardt B-10 Secondary Radar Hamamatsu urban Unobserved
    27 8 26/07/45 44-27354 Classen A-5 Opport. Visual Copper Ref. Hitachi area Good
    27 8 26/07/45 44-86291 Ray C-14 Secondary Radar Kashiwazaki urban Unobserved
    27 9 26/07/45 44-86292 Lewis B-9 Secondary Radar Nagoya urban Unobserved

    (David Hebditch)

    BORNEO: Thirteenth Air Force B-24s hit Tabanio, Trombol, Sengkawang, and Oelin Airfields in support of Australian ground troops.

    CANADA: HMC ML 120 is paid off.

    U.S.A.: Destroyer USS Joseph P Kennedy Jr launched.

    Destroyers USS McCaffery and Newman K Perry commissioned.

  • STALIN TALKS WITH MOUNTBATTEN AS CHIEF IN FAR EAST MEETS BIG 3 (7/26/45)

    07/26/2015 5:54:11 AM PDT · 6 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Admiral in Britain (Gruson, Daniell) – 2
    President Truman in a Commendatory Mood (photo) – 2
    Tokyo Radio Appeals to U.S. for a More Lenient Peace – 3
    Mountbatten Seen Mopping Up Isles (Shalett) – 3
    3 Battleships Hit (Lawrence) – 4
    Our Battleships Train Their Big Guns on the Japanese Mainland (photos) – 5
    B-29’s Rake Center of Japanese Fuel – 5
    7,500 U.S. Planes Massing in Pacific (Parrott) – 6
    Bougainville Push Sees Victory Near (Curthoys) – 6-7
    Chinese Attacking West of Nanking – 7-8
    Chungking Denies Civil War Charge – 8
    2,500 of Foe Die on River in Burma – 8
    Narrow Churchill Majority Foreseen in British Election (by Herbert L. Matthews) – 9
    War News Summarized – 9
    Texts of Day’s War Communiques – 11
    Allies Said to Land on Isle Off Malaya – 11
  • STALIN TALKS WITH MOUNTBATTEN AS CHIEF IN FAR EAST MEETS BIG 3 (7/26/45)

    07/26/2015 5:52:46 AM PDT · 5 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from July 23.

     photo 0726-admiral14_zpswc3mb4tg.jpg

    Stephen E. Ambrose, Band of Brothers

  • STALIN TALKS WITH MOUNTBATTEN AS CHIEF IN FAR EAST MEETS BIG 3 (7/26/45)

    07/26/2015 5:51:15 AM PDT · 4 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The first of the following two excerpts is continued from July 18. The second is continued from yesterday. Churchill’s six-volume history ends with that excerpt but we will see one more dated in August.

    1

     photo 0726-admiral15_zpszkmiq1zu.jpg

    2

     photo 0726-admiral16_zps2aoieowy.jpg

    3

     photo 0726-admiral17_zpsf1ppvuzw.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • STALIN TALKS WITH MOUNTBATTEN AS CHIEF IN FAR EAST MEETS BIG 3 (7/26/45)

    07/26/2015 5:48:07 AM PDT · 3 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • STALIN TALKS WITH MOUNTBATTEN AS CHIEF IN FAR EAST MEETS BIG 3 (7/26/45)

    07/26/2015 5:47:24 AM PDT · 2 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War
  • STALIN TALKS WITH MOUNTBATTEN AS CHIEF IN FAR EAST MEETS BIG 3 (7/26/45)

    07/26/2015 5:47:02 AM PDT · 1 of 31
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • KURE BOMBING HIT 2 BATTLESHIPS, THREE CRUISERS AND 2 CARRIERS (7/25/45)

    07/25/2015 4:47:41 AM PDT · 7 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/6/25.htm

    July 25th, 1945 (WEDNESDAY)

    GERMANY: Potsdam: Churchill, Eden and Attlee fly home for the election results.

    Potsdam: Truman orders the atomic bomb be dropped on Japan as soon as possible after 3 August.
    JAPAN: During the night of 25/26 July, the US Twentieth Air Force dispatches106 B-29 Superfortresses to fly 1 bombing and 1 mining mission against Japan and Korea; 1 B-29 is lost.
    - Mission 291: 75 B-29s attack the Mitsubishi Oil Company and Hayama Petroleum Company at Kawasaki destroying 33% of the storage tanks units and other facilities; 1 B-29 hits an alternate target and 1 suffers a direct flak hit over the target and goes down.
    - Mission 292: 29 B-29s mine the waters at Nanao, Fushiki, Obama Island, Tsuruga, and Seishin, Japan, and Pusan, Korea; 1 other mines an alternate target.

    Off Japan:
    - Carrier-based aircraft of Task Force 38 continue air strikes in the Inland Sea area sinking 7 ships and damaging 6 others including the heavy cruiser HIJMS Aoba; carrier-based aircraft from the Royal Navy’s Task Group 37.2 also attack targets in the Inland Sea area. Carrier strikes are cancelled in the afternoon due to weather.
    - The 4 light cruisers and 6 destroyers of Task Group 35.3 bombard the Kushimoto Seaplane Base and adjacent facilities on Honshu.
    - Task Group 95.8 arrives off Japan; the TG consists of:
    USS Chenango (CVE-28) with Escort Carrier Air Group Twenty Five (CVEG-25)
    USS Gilbert Islands (CVE-107) with Marine Carrier Air Group Two (MCVG-2)
    USS Hoggatt Bay (CVE-75) with Composite Squadron Ninety Nine (VC-99)
    USS Manila Bay (CVE-61) with VC-71
    USS Suwanee (CVE-27) with CVEG-40

    NEW GUINEA: In Borneo, the USAAF supports Australian troops by dispatching B-24s to bomb Pontianak and Kuching Airfields while B-25s and fighters attack a dispersal area in the Jesselton Airfield area.

    U.S.A.: Henry Kaiser and Joseph Frazer announce plans to form a corporation to manufacture automobiles. Kaiser is famous for his shipbuilding feats while Frazer is an executive with Packard Auto.

    Production begins in 1946 and they manufacture 11,000 cars that year. The company was sold to Willys in 1953.

  • KURE BOMBING HIT 2 BATTLESHIPS, THREE CRUISERS AND 2 CARRIERS (7/25/45)

    07/25/2015 4:46:43 AM PDT · 6 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Japanese Ripped (Lawrence) – 2-3
    Halsey Says Blows Open ‘Final Plunge’ – 3
    Our Fliers Smash 13 Ships, Bag 45 Planes at Shanghai – 4
    Twining to Lead Superfort Group (Shalett) – 4-5
    Foe’s Loss Grows in Trap in Burma – 5
    Foe in China Tries to Widen Corridor – 6
    Big 3 Confer Again (Daniell) – 7
    Indemnity in Kind Wanted by France (Callender) – 7-8
    Potsdam Evolving Indemnity Pattern (Pertinax) – 8
    ‘Vigilante’ Moves Curbed in Britain – 8
    Errors of Weimar Shown by Author – 8
    Cruiser St. Louis Set Naval Gunfire Record at Okinawa after Damage in Battle of Leyte – 9
    American Ship Hit but Survives Suicide Plane Attack (photo) – 9
    War News Summarized – 10
    ‘Soft’ Peace for Japan? (Krock) – 12
    Kure Strike Goads Foe (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 13
    The Texts of the Day’s War Communiques – 14
  • KURE BOMBING HIT 2 BATTLESHIPS, THREE CRUISERS AND 2 CARRIERS (7/25/45)

    07/25/2015 4:45:38 AM PDT · 5 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 0725-japanese18_zps3d4b4yro.jpg

     photo 0725-japanese19_zpsohtnmvxq.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • KURE BOMBING HIT 2 BATTLESHIPS, THREE CRUISERS AND 2 CARRIERS (7/25/45)

    07/25/2015 4:44:03 AM PDT · 4 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 0725-japanese17_zpsdgwlivh8.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • KURE BOMBING HIT 2 BATTLESHIPS, THREE CRUISERS AND 2 CARRIERS (7/25/45)

    07/25/2015 4:42:42 AM PDT · 3 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • KURE BOMBING HIT 2 BATTLESHIPS, THREE CRUISERS AND 2 CARRIERS (7/25/45)

    07/25/2015 4:41:48 AM PDT · 2 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War
  • KURE BOMBING HIT 2 BATTLESHIPS, THREE CRUISERS AND 2 CARRIERS (7/25/45)

    07/25/2015 4:41:20 AM PDT · 1 of 15
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BIG 3 ACCORD ON JAPAN REPORTED; STALIN SAID TO YIELD TO TRUMAN (7/24/45)

    07/24/2015 4:51:13 AM PDT · 7 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/6/24.htm

    July 24th, 1945 (TUESDAY)

    FRANCE: Paris: Paul Reynaud and Edouard Daladier, both former premiers, and the former president, Albert Lebrun testify against Marshal Petain.
    GERMANY: The Potsdam Declaration is agreed to by Churchill, Truman and Stalin; after Stalin is informed of the existence of the Atomic Bomb. Truman decides that it will be used, if the Japanese do not come to terms. The Potsdam agreement will be released on the 26th.

    JAPAN: Tokyo: Japan says that it is open to peace negotiations but not to threats.

    15 US carriers and 4 British carriers begin a series of raids against the Japanese Home Islands. (See) Tonight the BBs will bombard Kushimoto and Shionomisaki.
    Amplifying the above, American and British carrier-based aircraft from Task Force 38 and Task Group 37.2 and begin attacks on targets in the Inland Sea, especially looking for warships hidden in coves at the Kobe and Kure naval bases. During this first day of operations, 1,747 sorties are flown and the Americans sink the battleship-carrier HIJMS Hyuga, the heavy cruiser HIJMS Tone, a training ship, a target ship and a guardboat; they also damage the aircraft carrier HIJMS Ryuho, the battleship-carrier HIJMS Ise, battleship HIJMS Haruna, heavy cruiser HIJMS Aoba, light cruiser HIJMS Oyodo, and 11 other ships. British aircraft damage the escort aircraft carrier HIJMS Kaiyo.

    801 RN Sqn, Seafire a/c, S/Lt (A) Glenford “Glen” Emerson “Bid” Beddoe RNVR (Canadian) from HMS Implacable hit by flak and spun into sea during attack on Awa Shima, southern Honshu Island.

    The Twentieth Air Force dispatches 625 B-29 Superfortresses in 7 missions against targets in the Nagoya and Osaka, Japan areas; 1 B-29 is lost.

    - Mission 284: 82 B-29s attack the Sumitomo Light Metals Industries propeller factory at Osaka; most of the machine tools had been removed but the facility is completely wrecked; 4 others hit alternate targets; 1 B-29 is lost.

    - Mission 285: 81 B-29s hit the Kawanishi Aircraft Plant at Takarazuka destroying 77% of the plant; 3 others hit alternate targets.

    - Mission 286: 153 B-29s hit the Osaka Arsenal and Kuwana; the arsenal sustains additional damage amounting to 10% of the original roof area; 9 others hit alternate targets;

    - Mission 287: 66 B-29s attack the Aichi aircraft plant at Eitoku; the plant sustains its heaviest damage of the war; 5 others hit alternate targets.

    - Missions 288 and 289: 113 B-29s hit the urban are of the city of Tsu; 2 others hit alternate targets.

    - Mission 290: 77 B-29s attack the Nakajima plant at Handa destroying the principal assembly buildings; 1 B-29 hit an alternate target.

    - 91 P-51s, operating out of Iwo Jima, hit airfields and other tactical targets at Hamamatsu, Suruga Bay, and other points in the Nagoya, Japan area.

    509BG perform another Pumpkin Raid. [Once again, the following chart is presented in a more legible form at the linked original - HJS.]

    Ops. Miss. Date Aircraft Cdr. Crew Bombing Target Lat Long Result
    24 7 24/07/45 44-27296 Price B-7 Primary Radar Ogaki urban Unobserved
    24 5 24/07/45 44-27297 Bock C-13 Primary Visual Sumitomo Aluminum, Niihama Excellent
    24 5 24/07/45 44-27298 Taylor A-1 Primary Visual Sumitomo Copper Ref. Niihama Excellent
    24 5 24/07/45 44-27299 Devore A-3 Secondary Visual Sumitomo Rayon, Niihama Excellent
    24 6 24/07/45 44-27300 Westover A-4 Primary Visual Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Excellent
    24 7 24/07/45 44-27301 Eatherly C-11 Secondary Visual Toyo Rayon Factory, Otsu Excellent
    24 7 24/07/45 44-27302 McKnight B-8 Secondary Visual Heavy Industry, Yokkaichi Harbour Excellent
    24 6 24/07/45 44-27353 Albury C-15 Primary Visual RR Yards, Kobe Excellent
    24 6 24/07/45 44-86291 Ray C-14 Primary Visual Kawasaki Factory, Kobe Excellent
    24 6 24/07/45 44-86292 Lewis B-9 Primary Visual Steel Works, Kobe Unobserved

    (David Hebditch)

    Task Group 35.3 consisting of 4 light cruisers and 6 destroyers conducts a high-speed antishipping sweep off Japan.

    CHINA: 100+ Fifth Air Force B-24s fly their first strike from Okinawa, bombing the Chiang Wan Airfield north of Shanghai; Seventh Air Force B-25s from Okinawa hit Wusung and Lunghua Airfields in the Shanghai area while A-26 Invaders and B-25s attack the Tachang and Tinghai Airfields; and fighter-bombers hit shipping and targets of opportunity throughout the general area attacked by the bombers.

    BOUGAINVILLE: Private Frank John Partridge (1924-64) of the 8th Battalion of the Australian Military Forces, was awarded the VC for action on 24 July 1945, Frank was the first Militia man to be awarded the VC . He seized a bunker and rushed another before wounds forced him to halt.

    MALAYA: Whilst engaged in preparatory clearing operations for the forthcoming landings in Malaya (Operation Zipper) minesweeper HMS Squirrel is mined and has to be scuttled by gunfire. There are 7 casualties. Location: off Phuket Island in the Gulf of Thailand. (Alex Gordon)(108)

    CANADA: Corvettes HMCS The Pas and Rimouski paid off Sorel, Province of Quebec.

    U.S.A.: “If we enter into this treaty, we take the power away from the Congress, and the President can send troops all over the world to fight battles everywhere. If you say that is the policy of this country, I say the American people will never support any senator or representative who advocates that policy, and do not make any mistake about it.”

    — Senator Burton Wheeler during Senate debate over U.S. entry into the United Nations (Mark Logsden)

    President Truman approves the plans for the invasion of Kyushu.

    Various items salvaged from the French passenger liner Normandie will be auctioned this week. The liner was undergoing converstion to a troop transport when a welders torch started a fire on February 9, 1942.

    Monsignor Mansour Stephen of Brooklyn’s Roman Catholic church of Our Lady of Lebanon will acquire some items for their new church. The Bronze Doors ($1,025), ten bronze plaques ($975), a bronze railing ($155), a cloisonn
    enamel bas-relief of a Norman knight ($380), and a bronze statue ($690) entitled “La Paix” (Peace). Slightly remodeled, “La Paix” will be enshrined in the church’s square tower. (John Nicholas and Will Rinaman)

  • BIG 3 ACCORD ON JAPAN REPORTED; STALIN SAID TO YIELD TO TRUMAN (7/24/45)

    07/24/2015 4:47:53 AM PDT · 6 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Parley Nears End (Daniell) – 2-3
    The ‘Big Three’ in Jovial Mood (photo) – 2
    Soviet Held Ready to Buttress China – 3
    Terms to End War Urged on Truman – 3
    French Unexcited over Reparations (Callender) – 4
    War News Summarized – 4
    Courtroom Riots as Petain Pleads He Aided Liberation – 5
    Huge U.S. Raid Nets 80,000 in Germany (Hill) – 6
    Foe’s Fleet Target (Lawrence) – 6-7
    Three Fliers Missing for Six Months in Borneo Reach Navy Base in Philippines – 7
    American Navy Planes Carry the Attack to the Japanese Homeland (photos) – 8-10
    B-29’s Rip Plants in Record Bombing – 9
    Doolittle at Guam for ‘Return Raids’ – 10
    Kweilin Outposts Taken by Chinese – 12
    .Japanese Retreat in Borneo is Upset (Parrott) – 13
    Texts of Day’s War Communiques – 14
  • BIG 3 ACCORD ON JAPAN REPORTED; STALIN SAID TO YIELD TO TRUMAN (7/24/45)

    07/24/2015 4:46:35 AM PDT · 5 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The first excerpt below is continued from July 22. The second is continued from yesterday.

     photo 0724-parley18_zps0ortkvt4.jpg

     photo 0724-parley19_zps3tyzddw7.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • BIG 3 ACCORD ON JAPAN REPORTED; STALIN SAID TO YIELD TO TRUMAN (7/24/45)

    07/24/2015 4:44:28 AM PDT · 4 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 0724-parley17_zpsaiboksfr.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • BIG 3 ACCORD ON JAPAN REPORTED; STALIN SAID TO YIELD TO TRUMAN (7/24/45)

    07/24/2015 4:43:20 AM PDT · 3 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BIG 3 ACCORD ON JAPAN REPORTED; STALIN SAID TO YIELD TO TRUMAN (7/24/45)

    07/24/2015 4:42:17 AM PDT · 2 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War
  • BIG 3 ACCORD ON JAPAN REPORTED; STALIN SAID TO YIELD TO TRUMAN (7/24/45)

    07/24/2015 4:41:36 AM PDT · 1 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • DESTROYERS SMASH CONVOY OFF TOKYO; JAPANESE BATTLESHIP HIT BY FLIERS (7/23/45)

    07/23/2015 5:34:41 AM PDT · 11 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Stosh

    “Assuming the Barb is a sub and a train is a train, I’m looking forward to “More . . .””

    There is a live link at the source.

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/6/23.htm

  • DESTROYERS SMASH CONVOY OFF TOKYO; JAPANESE BATTLESHIP HIT BY FLIERS (7/23/45)

    07/23/2015 4:57:05 AM PDT · 8 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/6/23.htm

    July 23rd, 1945 (MONDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Destroyer HMS Trafalgar commissioned.

    FRANCE: Paris: The trial of Philippe Petain was twice suspended today in disorder. Paul Reynaud, the former president of the council of ministers, accused Petain of plotting to betray France in 1940, Petain, who is 89, was the hero of France in 1914-18, but collaborated with the Nazis as head of state from 1940-45. He denied the court’s competence to try him and declared: “A marshal of France asks mercy of none.”

    General Jacob L. Devers assumes command of the US Army Ground Forces. (Marc James Small)
    JAPAN: In the Kurile Islands, 2 Eleventh Air Force B-24s radar-bomb Kurabu Cape Airfield on Paramushiru Island.

    Far East Air Forces B-24s bomb Miho and Saeki.

    Karafuto: USS Barb sinks a train. More...

    CANADA: Corvettes HMCS Collingwood, Lethbridge and Lunenburg paid off Sorel, Province of Quebec.
    Minesweeper HMCS Gaspe and HMC ML 113 paid off.

    U.S.A.: The first passenger train observation car is placed in service by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.

    The assistant G-2, Island Command, Peleliu, LT. W.C. Phelan, USNR produced the document titled “Japanese Military Caves on Peleliu: “KNOW YOUR ENEMY”, CinCPac-CinCPOA BULLETIN 173-45. It consists of 45 pages and is an extensive study and analysis of the cave system found on Peleliu. (William L. Howard)

    Life Magazine reports, complete with diagrams and artist’s renderings on the terrifying Sun Gun that the Nazis had been planning. The Nazis were working on building a space station before the war, and the big obstacle had been creating a rocket powerful enough to reach space. The Sun Gun was going to be a huge mile-wide mirror, built a piece at a time like a puzzle, orbiting the earth to focus the rays of the sun to incinerate cities and boil oceans. (W Rinaman)

    Sirs:

    Re letter from Army Sergeant’s Name Withheld in TIME [July 23] in which Sgt.

    Withheld intimates that the Catholic Church is responsible for the disunity between the Americans and the Russians:

    Catholics have been brought up to fear and dislike Communism because of its avowed ungodliness. As Catholics we are indeed convinced that Christianity and Communism are irreconcilable in the same way that as Americans we believe that totalitarianism and democracy are incompatible.

    And too, it is high time that a distinction be made between hating Communism and hating Russians, hating Naziism and hating Germans. We hate no individual; we only hate his ideals.

    Nevertheless, insofar as such an action does not interfere with our own way of life, we heartily ratify the action of our Government in joining hands with a state no matter what color its banner, if such a union will further our aim of beating Japan. Few Quixotes still proclaim that this war is being fought for ideals, and I believe there is no American — Protestant, Catholic, etc. — who is unwilling to welcome any type of government into an alliance which will cooperate in preventing future wars.

    William F. Buckley Jr.

    Lieutenant, U.S.A.

    Camp Gordon, Ga.

    (William Rinaman)

    Minesweeper USS Gavia commissioned.

  • DESTROYERS SMASH CONVOY OFF TOKYO; JAPANESE BATTLESHIP HIT BY FLIERS (7/23/45)

    07/23/2015 4:54:44 AM PDT · 7 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Fleet Active Again (Lawrence) – 2
    Foe’s Fuel Slashed – 3
    Thrust Wins Head of Balik Papan Bay (Parrott) – 3-4
    Foe in South China Widens Coast Grip – 4-5
    Second U.S. Writer Barred by Chinese (Durdin) – 5
    The Road Back: Chinese Troops Enter Recaptured City (photo) – 5
    5,000 Reach Manila from Reich Front – 6
    Japanese Are Open to Terms Minus Threats, Says Domei – 6-7
    Japan Will Permit Prison Inspection – 7
    War News Summarized – 7
    Big Three Continue Meetings in Effort to Close This Week (Daniell) – 8-9
    The Prime Minister Draws Laughs in Berlin (photo) – 8
    German Who Ruled Poland Gags at Buchenwald Horror Pictures – 9
    Churchill Expected in London for Result – 10
    Mussolini Failure in Ciano’s Records – 11-14
    A Doughboy and a Rhine Maiden (photo) – 14
    British Fleet in Pacific (Baldwin) – 15
    The Texts of the Day’s War Communiques – 16-17
    A New Heavy Cruiser is Commissioned for Our Fleet (w/photo) – 17
  • DESTROYERS SMASH CONVOY OFF TOKYO; JAPANESE BATTLESHIP HIT BY FLIERS (7/23/45)

    07/23/2015 4:53:34 AM PDT · 6 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from July 18.

    1

     photo 0723-fleet20_zpsfus2j00c.jpg

    2

     photo 0723-fleet21_zpsjysi4cwq.jpg

    Stephen E. Ambrose, Band of Brothers

  • DESTROYERS SMASH CONVOY OFF TOKYO; JAPANESE BATTLESHIP HIT BY FLIERS (7/23/45)

    07/23/2015 4:52:24 AM PDT · 5 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Reply 5 (not continued):
     photo 0723-fleet22_zps9exhx5vv.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • DESTROYERS SMASH CONVOY OFF TOKYO; JAPANESE BATTLESHIP HIT BY FLIERS (7/23/45)

    07/23/2015 4:51:25 AM PDT · 4 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from July 21.

     photo 0723-fleet19_zpsqwjqrmkr.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • DESTROYERS SMASH CONVOY OFF TOKYO; JAPANESE BATTLESHIP HIT BY FLIERS (7/23/45)

    07/23/2015 4:50:14 AM PDT · 3 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • DESTROYERS SMASH CONVOY OFF TOKYO; JAPANESE BATTLESHIP HIT BY FLIERS (7/23/45)

    07/23/2015 4:49:26 AM PDT · 2 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, 1945 and Final Operations in the War