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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • NAZIS BLOCK PLOT TO SEIZE GOVERNMENT; AMERICANS LAND ON GUAM, PUSH INLAND (7/22/44)

    07/22/2014 9:25:11 AM PDT · 15 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to sharkhawk
    Can you imagine having that commie as the CINC.

    In our present state of affairs it doesn't require much imagination.

  • NAZIS BLOCK PLOT TO SEIZE GOVERNMENT; AMERICANS LAND ON GUAM, PUSH INLAND (7/22/44)

    07/22/2014 5:29:46 AM PDT · 9 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/22.htm

    July 22nd, 1944 (SATURDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The Eighth Air Force flies two missions.

    - Mission 488: 7 B-17s drop leaflets on Bremen, Hamburg and Kiel, Germany. Escort is provided by 27 P-51 Mustangs.

    - Mission 489: 7 B-17s drop leaflets in France and the Netherlands during the night.

    - 44 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions during the night.

    Rescue tug HMS Enforcer launched.

    ASW trawler HMS Royal Marine launched.

    FRANCE: The USAAF’s Ninth Air Force dispatches a group of A-20 Havocs and two groups of B-26s to attack a rail bridge at Bourth and fuel dumps at Foret de Conches and Flers; four groups of fighter-bombers fly armed reconnaissance and rail cutting missions during the late evening; a fighter group escorts the bombers; and fighters of the IX Tactical Air Command escort 100+ C-47 Skytrains on a supply-evacuation run to the Continent, and provide cover over the battle area.

    GERMANY: Rastenburg: Hitler appoints Goebbels Reich plenipotentiary for total war, giving him powers second only to his own.
    POLAND: Chelm falls to Rokossovsky’s First Belorussian Front on their advance to Lublin.

    The Soviets set up the communist-controlled Polish Committee of National Liberation at Lublin to administer all of the territory they have occupied in Poland.

    ROMANIA: 76 P-38s and 58 P-51s begin the second Fifteenth Air Force shuttle mission, attacking airfields at Zilistea and Buzau (claiming the destruction of 56 enemy aircraft) and landing at Operation FRANTIC bases in the USSR; 458 B-17s and B-24s (with fighter escorts) bomb an oil refinery at Ploesti and other bombers hit alternate targets of the Verciorova marshalling yard, Orsova railroad bridge, and Kragujevac, Yugoslavia marshalling yard. For their part the defending Romanian Air Force, Grup 9 Vanatori (Me109 G) shoot down six P-38s without loss. (Jack McKillop and Mike Yaklich)

    Anthony Orsini of Woodbridge, New Jersey, a navigator, recalls that day:

    Assigned to the 449 Bomb Group, attached to the 15th Air Force, 716 Squadron, Orsini was on a B-24 bomber approaching the Ploesti oil fields in Romania. The sky was full of aircraft when guns started to fire and black clouds of flak filled the air.

    “My blood ran cold,” Orsini said.

    When the bomber violently shook, Orsini said he knew they were hit.

    The pilot screamed, “Abandon ship!” and Orsini strapped on his parachute and threw himself off into the sky.

    He struck a tree and blacked out on the landing. When he woke up, Orsini was in the arms of a peasant woman, who was happily chattering. Villagers and Chetnik guerrillas shielded the airman from roving German patrols.

    Gen. Draza Mihailovich, a Chetnik guerrilla leader and Serb nationalist, immediately started coordinating a rescue plan with the Office of Strategic Services or OSS, a forerunner to the Central Intelligence Agency. (from The Rescue That Time Forgot,

    February 25, 2008 BY SHARON ADARLO Star-Ledger Staff

    The Star-Ledger is published in Newark, New Jersey)

    CHINA: US official observers arrive to assess military co-operation between the US and China.

    GUAM: Both US Marine Division advance about 1 mile from their beachhead positions taken yesterday in the invasion.
    The Allies’ central Pacific strategy of cutting Japan off from its recently-acquired Pacific empire seems tantalizingly close to fruition. If Guam, the southern-most of the Marianas, falls, Japan’s last lifeline to its bases in the east will be severed. US bombers are hastening the process, today striking for the 37th successive day at Yap, in the western Carolines, 350 miles to the south of Guam and Japan’s nearest base to Guam. West of Yap, US forces also bombed the Japanese-held Palau Islands, a possible staging post for recapturing the Philippines.

    NEW GUINEA: Following an air and artillery bombardment, U.S. Army personnel clear the last organized Japanese pocket on Biak Island.

    MARIANAS ISLANDS: Seventh Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts from Saipan Island, using napalm-bombs for the first time, hit Tinian and Pagan Islands. They aim to burn out the heavy brush overlooking the landing beach, but the early mixture with gasoline is less than satisfactory. Makin Island-based B-25s pound Ponape Island. Far East Air Force (FEAF) B-24s again attack the airfield on Yap Island.

    TERRITORY OF ALASKA: ALEUTIAN ISLANDS: Two B-25s flying a negative shipping search encounter a G4M “Betty” bomber which evades contact.

    CANADA: Frigate HMCS Stone Town commenced tropicalization refit Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
    Corvette HMCS Frontenac paid off Halifax, Nova Scotia.
    Corvette HMCS Camrose paid off Sydney, Nova Scotia.
    Corvette HMCS Kamsack paid off Sorel, Province of Quebec.

    Henry Asbjorn Larsen 1899-1964 leaves Halifax on the RCMP patrol ship St. Roch to return to Vancouver via NW Passage; completes trip 86 days later.

    HMC ML 125 commissioned.

    U-354 evacuated a weather team from Hopen Island.

    U.S.A.: The Bretton Woods conference of international finance ministers ends, having set up the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Monetary Fund.

    U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sails for Hawaii in the heavy cruiser USS Baltimore (CA-68) to confer with Admiral Chester W. Nimitz and General Douglas MacArthur.

    The motion picture “The Adventures of Mark Twain” is released in the U.S. Directed by Irving Rapper, the film stars Fredric March (as Twain), Alexis Smith, Donald Crisp, Alan Hale, John Carradine and Percy Kilbride; Diana Barrymore is cast in a bit part while Peter Lawford has an uncredited bit part. This “Hollywoodized” version of Samuel Clemens is not a great biography but it is entertaining. The film is nominated for three technical Academy Awards.

    Submarine USS Mero laid down.

    Destroyer USS Harry E Hubbard commissioned.

    Minesweeper USS Creddock launched.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-183 was commissioned at New Orleans, Louisiana. Her first commanding officer was LTJG E. W. Owiazda, USCGR. He was succeeded on 11 October 1945 by LT Clive V. Clark, who in turn was succeeded on 24 October 1945 by LTJG Elliott Rubin, USCGR. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area.

  • NAZIS BLOCK PLOT TO SEIZE GOVERNMENT; AMERICANS LAND ON GUAM, PUSH INLAND (7/22/44)

    07/22/2014 5:27:43 AM PDT · 8 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/22jul44.htm#

    International agreement at Bretton Woods
    Saturday, July 22, 1944 www.onwar.com

    Mount Washington Hotel, New Hampshire [photo at link]

    In the United States... At Bretton Woods (Mount Washington Hotel, New Hampshire) the international conference concludes with agreement on the establishment of an International Monetary Fund and an International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

    On the Eastern Front... The Soviet 3rd Belorussian Front captures Chelm as they advance toward Lublin.

    In the Mariana Islands... On Guam, marines of US 3rd Amphibious Corps attempt to link up their two beachheads with converging attacks. The American forces each advance about one mile against heavy Japanese resistance.

  • NAZIS BLOCK PLOT TO SEIZE GOVERNMENT; AMERICANS LAND ON GUAM, PUSH INLAND (7/22/44)

    07/22/2014 5:25:37 AM PDT · 6 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Hitler Hunts Foes (Daniell) – 2-3
    ‘No Longer among the Living’ (photo) – 3
    Drive South of Caen Stalls as Rain Floods Battle Area (Middleton) – 3-4
    Desolation Marks Area below Caen (MacDonald) – 4-5
    Open for Business (photo) – 5
    Russians Race On (Lawrence) – 6-7
    War News Summarized – 7
    U.S. Bomb Deluge on Reich Continues (Anderson) – 8
    Germans Hurl Salvos of Robots as British Hear of New Dangers – 8
    Beachheads Set Up (Horne) – 9-10
    Invaders Find Defenses of Guam Blown to Shreds by Our Attacks (by John R. Henry, first-time contributor) – 10-11
    Relief Force Wins Hengyang Toehold – 11
    Japanese Thrash in New Guinea Trap – 11
    Japanese, on Run in India, Lose Arms Cache; Allies Strike at Vital Equipment Center – 11
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 13-15
  • NAZIS BLOCK PLOT TO SEIZE GOVERNMENT; AMERICANS LAND ON GUAM, PUSH INLAND (7/22/44)

    07/22/2014 5:24:34 AM PDT · 5 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top Ten for the Week of July 22, 1944

    #1 - “I’ll Be Seeing You” – Bing Crosby
    #2 - “Swinging on a Star” – Bing Crosby
    #3 – “I’ll Get By” - Harry James, with Dick Haymes (reissue of 1941 recording)
    #4 – “Amor” - Bing Crosby
    #5 – “Long Ago (and Far Away)” – Bing Crosby
    #6 – “I Love You” – Bing Crosby
    #7 - “Amor” – Andy Russell
    #8 - “You Always Hurt the One You Love” – Mills Brothers
    #9 - “Long Ago (and Far Away)” – Jo Stafford
    #10 - “G.I. Jive” – Louis Jordan

  • NAZIS BLOCK PLOT TO SEIZE GOVERNMENT; AMERICANS LAND ON GUAM, PUSH INLAND (7/22/44)

    07/22/2014 5:24:01 AM PDT · 4 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from July 13.

     photo 0722-hitler18_zpsd5bf9c44.jpg

     photo 0722-hitler19_zps86948726.jpg

    Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., 32d Infantry Division in World War II

  • NAZIS BLOCK PLOT TO SEIZE GOVERNMENT; AMERICANS LAND ON GUAM, PUSH INLAND (7/22/44)

    07/22/2014 5:22:02 AM PDT · 3 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • NAZIS BLOCK PLOT TO SEIZE GOVERNMENT; AMERICANS LAND ON GUAM, PUSH INLAND (7/22/44)

    07/22/2014 5:20:50 AM PDT · 2 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Normandy, 1944: Expanding the Beachhead, Operations, 1-24 July 1944
    The Marianas Islands: Guam 1944 – Invasion of Guam, 21 July-8 August 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Marianas, Biak and Noemfoor, 22 April-24 July 1944, and Japanese Kon and “A” Go Operations 30 May-19 June 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Operation Bagration – Operations, 22 June-19 August, 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • NAZIS BLOCK PLOT TO SEIZE GOVERNMENT; AMERICANS LAND ON GUAM, PUSH INLAND (7/22/44)

    07/22/2014 5:19:35 AM PDT · 1 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • Kidney Stone Risk Creeps North as Climate Changes

    07/21/2014 4:22:15 PM PDT · 19 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to Oldeconomybuyer

    I have found that eating ice cream helps me to cope with the suffering caused by global warming. Is there a Federal program to furnish emergency ice cream to sufferers like myself? Chocolate chip works best.

  • “Since You Went Away,” “Dragon Seed” (Movie Reviews-7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 5:30:34 AM PDT · 9 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson to GeronL
    Well, if Johnny Depp can be Tonto... then Hepburn can be Chinese!

    Very good!

    (They should have picked Elizabeth Warren for Tonto. Better type-casting.)

  • “Since You Went Away,” “Dragon Seed” (Movie Reviews-7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 5:05:27 AM PDT · 6 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson to iowamark

    Okay, WAY

  • ROOSEVELT NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM; HITLER ESCAPES BOMB, PURGES GENERALS (7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:53:12 AM PDT · 9 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    I almost forgot to ping the list.

    Vote is 1,086 to 90 (Catledge) – 2-3
    War News Summarized – 3
    Text of Platform Adopted by the Democrats – 4
    Fuehrer is ‘Bruised’ (Shaplen) – 5-6
    Nazi Party Clashes with Army Reported – 6
    Nazi-Army Rift is Revealed in Gravest Reich War Crisis (Daniell) – 6
    British Push South (Middleton) – 6-8
    American Soldiers Under Fire in St Lo (photo) – 8
    Lwow is Menaced (Lawrence) – 9-10
    Allies Storm Arno on a 25-Mile Front – 10
    Allies Report Belgian Uprising Comparable to French Sabotage – 10-11
    2,700 U.S. Planes Batter Germany (Anderson) – 11
    170,000 Evacuated from London Area (by E.C. Daniel) – 11
    China Communists Stress Unity Aims – 12
    Inspection Time on One of Our ‘Flat Tops’ (photo) – 12
    Japanese at Aitape Fail to Break Cordon – 12
    Auto 20 Miles Away Destroyed by Shell of British Battleship – 13
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 14-16
    Sweden Foresees ‘Himmler Terror’ (by George Axelsson) – 16

  • ROOSEVELT NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM; HITLER ESCAPES BOMB, PURGES GENERALS (7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:28:34 AM PDT · 8 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/21.htm

    July 21st, 1944 (FRIDAY)
    UNITED KINGDOM: No. 616 Squadron, RAF, equipped with Spitfires and seven of the new Gloster Meteor Mk I jets, moves to its operational base at Manston, Kent.

    The USAAF’s Eighth Air Force in England flies two missions:

    - In Mission 486, 1,110 bombers and 795 fighters are dispatched in 4 forces to bomb targets in Germany, among them 4 aircraft plants and 2 ball bearing plants; 31 bombers and 8 fighters are lost.

    1. Of 433 B-24s dispatched, 106 hit Munich, 93 hit Saarbrucken marshalling yards, 78 hit targets of opportunity, 54 hit Oberpfeffenhofen, 33 hit Neuabuing, 13 hit Bullay Bridge, and 9 hit Schorndorf; they claim 10-2-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 22 B-24s are lost. Escort is provided by 262 P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs; they claim 2-0-1 aircraft in the air and 3-0-10 n the ground; 5 P-51s are lost.

    2. Of 96 B-24s dispatched, 48 hit targets of opportunity, 17 hit Duren, 12 hit Walldrun marshalling yard and 9 hit Indenboden; 2 B-24s are lost. Escort is provided by 109 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft.

    3. Of 241 B-17s dispatched, 90 hit Regensburg/Obertraubling, 44 hit Regensburg/Prufening, 40 hit Stuttgart and 18 hit targets of opportunity; 4 B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 148 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 3-0-0 aircraft; 2 P-51s are lost.

    4. Of 340 B-17s dispatched, 99 hit Schweinfurt, 70 hit Ebelsbach, 59 hit Ludwigshafen, 13 hit Bad Kreuznach, 13 hit Ebelsbach, 13 hit targets of opportunity, 12 hit Bad Munster, 12 hit Lachen, 12 hit Simmern marshalling yard, 8 hit Wurzburg, and 5 hit Neckargemund; 3 B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 187 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; a P-38 is lost.

    - Mission 487: 8 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.

    U-212 (Type VIIC) is sunk in the English Channel south of Brighton, at position 50.27N, 00.13W, by depth charges from the British frigates HMS Curzon and Ekins. 49 dead (all crew lost). (Alex Gordon)

    FRANCE: Weather prevents all USAAF Ninth Air Force combat operations except for one fighter group which is dispatched on armed reconnaissance but is recalled before reaching the Continent; Less than 15 reconnaissance and evacuation sorties are flown.

    Minesweeper HMS Chamois is mined in Seine Bay and is towed back to Portsmouth but not repaired. (Alex Gordon)(108)

    GERMANY:

    U-3009 laid down

    U-1110 launched.

    ITALY: The French Expeditionary Corps is taken out of the line in Italy. They begin to prepare for the Anvil/Dragoon operation.
    The Fifteenth Air Force in Italy dispatches 362 B-17s and B-24s against targets in Czechoslovakia; B-17s and B-24s bomb the Brux synthetic oil refinery; B-24s also hit the marshalling yard at Mestre; 100+ other bombers are forced to abort due to bad weather; P-38s and P-51s provide escort.

    Rome: It was regrettable, but inevitable. The decision had been taken at the highest level, with Roosevelt and Stalin outvoting Churchill. The Allied command in Italy has lost 100,000 of its best troops to the forthcoming invasion of the South of France.

    The whole of the US VI Corps and the French Expeditionary Corps are assembling in Naples - leaving fewer than 153,000 men, mostly British, Commonwealth and Polish, to face Germany’s formidable Gothic Line. Churchill and his generals would have preferred to fight a Balkans campaign - cutting off German troops in Greece.

    EASTERN FRONT: The Russian Third Baltic Front takes Ostrov.
    German General Zeitzler resigns as Chief of Staff at OKH and is replaced by Guderian.

    Moscow: The simmering row between the Soviet Union and the London-based Polish government in exile flared into fury today with the announcement that the Russias intended to set up a committee of national liberation in those areas of Poland freed by the Red Army. The London Poles consider this committee to be a puppet organization controlled by the Russians and have denounced its members as a “band of usurpers.”

    GUAM: US Marines of General Geiger’s III Amphibious Corps land on Guam during Operation STEVEDORE. Admiral Connolly commands the naval forces which include TF 53 directly and 3 groups of TF 58 in support. Attacking both sides of the Orote Peninsula, the 3rd Marine Division lands on the north beach near the town of Agana, while the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade lands on the south beach near Agat. The defending Japanese are the 29th Division under General Takashima. General Obata CO of the 31st Army is on the island.

    Opposition was surprisingly heavy after weeks of preparatory fire, and 22 amtracs were sunk. By nightfall, the Marines had pushed 1 mile (1.6 km) inland at both points. In the afternoon, the Army’s 77th Infantry Division landed but even before they hit the beach, they had to contend with a problem that the Marines did not face. Because the 77th was in corps reserve, the division had no amtracs allotted; when landing craft reached the reef line, troops had to debark and wade several hundred yards to the beach. Tanks and trucks had to be towed by bulldozers, and some were lost in the surf. Most of the 305th Infantry Regiment were ashore by 2130 hours, in time to help turn back the expected enemy counterattack which cost the Japanese 268 killed.

    Intense naval gunfire and attacks by carrier-based aircraft precede the landings. Supporting the invasion of Guam, Seventh Air Force P-47s based on Saipan attack enemy forces on Tinian Island. 28 B-24s, staging through Eniwetok Atoll, pound Truk Atoll. US Marines and Army troops land on Guam Island. Far East Air Force (FEAF) B-24s again pound Yap Island, concentrating on the airfield; fighters, many dropping phosphorus bombs on the bomber formation, attack fiercely but ineffectively; the B-24s claim 7 fighters shot down.

    CANADA: Tug HMCS Glenlivit commissioned.
    Frigate HMCS Levis commissioned.
    Frigate HMCS Stone Town commissioned.

    U.S.A.: The heavy cruiser USS Baltimore (CA-68) and the destroyer USS Fanning (DD-385) depart San Diego, California for Adak Island in the Aleutian Islands with President Franklin D. Roosevelt aboard.

    The delegates at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois, nominate Senator Harry S. Truman of Missouri to be their vice president candidate. Truman replaces Henry Wallace, the current vice president. In Room 708 of the Blackstone Hotel in Chicago, President Roosevelt told Truman at the convention that he wanted him on the ticket.

    Destroyer escort USS Dufilho commissioned.

    Destroyer USS John W Weeks commissioned.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-185 is commissioned at New Orleans; her first commanding officer being LT JG L.C. Rickert, USCGR. He was succeeded on 20 September 1945, by LTJG L. W. Cotro, USCGR. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area including Tacloban.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-156 was commissioned at New Orleans, Louisiana. Her first commanding officer was LT F. D. Obrian, USCGR. He was succeeded by LTJG G. N. Paul, USCGR, who in turn was succeeded by LTJG Ernest H. Thompson, Jr. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area including Biak.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: Brazilian corvette Camaquã shipwrecked while escorting Convoy JT-18 with the loss of 33 crewmembers.

  • ROOSEVELT NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM; HITLER ESCAPES BOMB, PURGES GENERALS (7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:27:30 AM PDT · 7 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/21jul44.htm#

    Americans land on Guam
    Friday, July 21, 1944 www.onwar.com

    US troops with a flamethrowing tank in the Marianas [photo at link]

    In the Mariana Islands... Troops of the US 3rd Amphibious Corps (Geiger) land on Guam. The 3rd Marine Division (Turnage) establishes a beachhead at Asan, west of Agana. The 1st Marine Division (Shephard) comes ashore at Agat. Eventually, 54,900 American troops are deployed. There is only moderate Japanese resistance on the beaches. Task Force 53 (Admiral Connolly) provides naval support with 6 battleships and 5 escort carriers. Three groups from Task Force 58 attack Japanese positions with carrier aircraft. The Japanese garrison numbers 19,000. The defense is based on the forces of the 29th Infantry Division (Takashima). General Obata, commanding the Japanese 31st Army, is present on the island.

    In New Guinea... Japanese forces launch further attacks over the Driniumor River, near Aitape. American forces hold the offensive.

    In Italy... The French Expeditionary Corps (part of US 5th Army) is withdrawn from the line. It is being redeployed as part of the preparation for the Allied invasion of southern France.

    On the Eastern Front... The Soviet 3rd Baltic Front captures Ostrov in continuing attacks.

    From Berlin... General Zeitzler resigns his post as Chief of the General Staff of OKH (the Army High Command, with responsibility for the Eastern Front). His replacement is General Guderian.

    In the United States... The Bretton Woods conference continues.

  • ROOSEVELT NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM; HITLER ESCAPES BOMB, PURGES GENERALS (7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:26:11 AM PDT · 6 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Today we have two brief audio cuts on the assassination attempt on Hitler. The first is in French, the second in German and purports to be the voice of the Fuehrer himself. Translation help would be appreciated – HJS.

    French (28 sec.)

    German (47 sec.)

  • ROOSEVELT NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM; HITLER ESCAPES BOMB, PURGES GENERALS (7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:25:38 AM PDT · 5 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0721-vote21_zpse4bcd42c.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • ROOSEVELT NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM; HITLER ESCAPES BOMB, PURGES GENERALS (7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:24:54 AM PDT · 4 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0721-vote20_zps2155bb22.jpg

    William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

  • ROOSEVELT NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM; HITLER ESCAPES BOMB, PURGES GENERALS (7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:24:01 AM PDT · 3 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • ROOSEVELT NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM; HITLER ESCAPES BOMB, PURGES GENERALS (7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:23:16 AM PDT · 2 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0721-vote17_zpsbb1919f2.jpg
  • ROOSEVELT NOMINATED FOR FOURTH TERM; HITLER ESCAPES BOMB, PURGES GENERALS (7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:22:26 AM PDT · 1 of 34
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • “Since You Went Away,” “Dragon Seed” (Movie Reviews-7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:18:48 AM PDT · 3 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Both of these movies are available from Netflix on DVD, although “Since You Went Away” carried a “very long wait” warning as of 7/1/14.

    I see “Since You Went Away” as the most important American home front movie made during the war. Sort of an American “Mrs. Miniver.” It has an impressive cast and garnered a lot of Academy Award nominations. (“Going My War” was the big winner for 1944.)

    “Dragon Seed” may have historical value as a reflection of the American attitude toward China, but fails as entertainment. This one is definitely not required viewing. Mrs. Homer and I gave it a try but could only take it for 32 minutes before switching to a selection from the Alfred Hitchcock television season of 1955. If you do decide to watch “Dragon Seed” stay with it at least long enough to see Katherine Hepburn playing a headstrong Chinese woman. It is ghastly, yet fascinating. All the major characters are Chinese people portrayed by Caucasian actors. Reviewer P.P.K. criticizes the varying accents they use, but it seems not to occur to anyone concerned that English-speaking Chinese actors might have been a better choice for this production. I guess the American audience wasn’t ready for that – HJS.

    “Since You Went Away” opening

    “Dragon Seed” original trailer

  • “Since You Went Away,” “Dragon Seed” (Movie Reviews-7/21/44)

  • “Since You Went Away,” “Dragon Seed” (Movie Reviews-7/21/44)

    07/21/2014 4:16:16 AM PDT · 1 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • ‘What a jackass’: US Under Secretary of State apologizes after tweeting ‘United For Gaza’ hashtag

    07/20/2014 2:11:35 PM PDT · 25 of 39
    Homer_J_Simpson to blueyon

    The guy is no more of a clown than his boss. Jerusalem Post quotes Kerry as saying, “It is important for Hamas to now step up and be reasonable . . .,” regarding a proposed ceasefire. I can think of ways to use “Hamas” and “reasonable in the same sentence, but not that way.

  • NBC: Democratic National Convention, Day 2 (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 12:32:42 PM PDT · 3 of 5
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0720-allies20_zps6a51a79d.jpg

    Ben Grauer

     photo 0720-allies21_zps89f8b24c.jpg

    Robert St. John

     photo 0720-allies22_zpsb52e3013.jpg

    H.V. Kaltenborn

     photo 0720-allies23_zps4b6d2cf7.jpg

    Richard Harkness

     photo 0720-allies24_zps690e13ad.jpg

    Morgan Beatty

     photo 0720-allies25_zps31a59cd8.jpg

    Senator Samuel D. Jackson
  • NBC: Democratic National Convention, Day 2 (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 12:31:58 PM PDT · 2 of 5
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    When I realized I had over 2 ½ hours of audio to review for this post I steeled myself for tedium but was happily surprised to find that this is interesting listening, to say the least. We missed the day-1 excitement, where a credentials fight among the Texas delegation almost resulted fisticuffs between the pro- and anti-FDR contenders. That issue will be settled today. The other big convention news is the Vice-Presidential selection (V.P. Wallace, Sen. Truman and Sen. Barkley are the contenders), and how the racial equality plank will play with the southern Democrats.

    The only non-convention news included in these recordings is periodic updates on the assassination attempt on Hitler. By the end of the night the name of Count von Stauffenberg is identified with the plot.

    Ben Grauer anchors the broadcast. Commentators include Robert St. John, H.V. Kaltenborn, Richard Harkness, and Morgan Beatty. Senator Samuel D. Jackson of Indiana delivers a speech in segment A in which he blames all the nation’s problems on former Republican presidents and asks the audience, “How many battleships would a Democratic defeat be worth to Hirohito?” On segment B the Texas delegation finishes their fight, House Speaker John MacCormack reads the Democratic platform and the roll-call of the states is called to officially declare FDR the Presidential candidate. (The Territory of Alaska gets 6 votes but 1 was lost in the mail.) On segment C Roosevelt delivers an ominous acceptance speech from a remote location. Get ready for the new Progressive order, America. The broadcast ends with a raucous demonstration by Wallace supporters who think they have the numbers to get their guy into the VP slot and want to force a vote tonight. Chairman Jackson doesn’t go for it. Reporters get Henry Wallace to make a comment on the proceedings.

    Click on the links below to hear the business in Chicago.

    A

    B

    C

  • NBC: Democratic National Convention, Day 2 (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 12:30:08 PM PDT · 1 of 5
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BRITISH TANKS DRIVE 7 MILES BEYOND CAEN; RUSSIANS CROSS THE BUG, CLOSE ON LWOW (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 6:51:38 AM PDT · 13 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick
    It is available from Netflix on DVD.

    So is "Dragon Seed," another major Hollywood offering that opens today. But you might want to wait for tomorrow's reviews before putting that one on your queue.

  • BRITISH TANKS DRIVE 7 MILES BEYOND CAEN; RUSSIANS CROSS THE BUG, CLOSE ON LWOW (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 5:17:45 AM PDT · 7 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    July 20th, 1944 (THURSDAY)
    UNITED KINGDOM: The Eighth Air Force in England flies two missions.

    - Mission 484: 1,172 bombers and 542 fighters are dispatched to hit oil and industrial targets in central Germany; 19 bombers and 8 fighters are lost:

    1. Of 417 B-17s dispatched, 107 hit Dessau, 69 hit Kothen, 56 hit Leipzig/Mockau, 45 hit the Leipzig bearing industry, 36 hit Nordhuasen Airfield, 23 hit Kolleda Airfield, 20 hit targets of opportunity, 12 hit Bitterfeld, 12 hit Giessen Airfield, and 12 hit Rudolstadt; they claim 11-9-7 Luftwaffe aircraft; 15 B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 253 P-38 Lightnings, P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs; they claim 5-0-3 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 2-0-0 on the ground; 2 P-47s and 4 P-51s are lost.

    2. Of 295 B-17s dispatched, 155 hit Merseburg, 53 hit Lutzkendorf, 47 hit Wetzlar and seven hit targets of opportunity; two B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 178 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; they claim 1-1-1 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 1-0-4 on the ground; a P-51 is lost.

    3. Of 460 B-24s dispatched, 123 hit Erfurt Nord and 11 hit Erfurt/Bindersleben Airfields; 80 hit Schmalkalden; 72 hit Gotha; 24 hit Freiburg, 18 hit Fulda, 12 hit Idstein, 10 hit Bad Salzungen, 10 hit Wernhausen and nine hit Homburg marshalling yards; 21 hit Berka, 12 hit Bad Nauheim, seven hit Koblenz, six hit Boppard and sxi hit targets of opportunity; a B-24 is lost. Escort is provided by 45 P-47s; they claim 6-0-3 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground; a P-47s is lost.

    - Mission 485: 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.

    - 12 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions.

    HMS Crescent (later HMCS Crescent) launched Glasgow.

    Minesweeper HMS Jewel launched.

    Boom defence vessel HMS Precise launched.

    Submarine HMS Vengeful launched.

    Destroyers HMS Whirlwind and Zest commissioned.

    FRANCE: British 21st Army Group has now accumulated 52,165 casualties since D-Day. There are 2,837 replacements available. (Jay Stone)
    The British attacks south and east of Caen are wearing down by the German antitank defence units.

    Operation Goodwood, a bold attempt by Dempsey’s Second Army to smash through the German defences south of Caen, has been called off after the British suffered 5,537 casualties and lost 400 tanks. The operation is widely seen by Allied leaders as a failure, despite claims by Montgomery that it was merely a diversionary exercise.

    At dawn on 18 July, British and US bombers dropped 7,700 tons of bombs on German positions. The unceasing bombardment was such that some Germans committed suicide. Then, three armoured divisions of VIII Corps rolled forward east of Caen. Rapid progress was made, but by mid-morning the British were stuck in a long tailback behind the narrow bridgehead over the Orne river, hedged in by one of their own minefields and harried by the enemy.

    The Germans were well prepared. The I SS Panzer Corps - 80 Panther and Tiger tanks commanded by the dashing SS General Josef “Sepp” Dietrich - rushed north to Bourgebus Ridge, south of Caen. By the end of the day the British and Canadian troops, already contained to the east, were halted at the ridge to the south. Over the last few days the Germans have held off repeated attacks on the ridge. Rather than risk more men and tanks in a bloody assault on superior forces, Montgomery today called off the attack. The Americans have accused him of being unadventurous, but Montgomery maintains that keeping up the pressure will wear down the enemy to the point when he will break. The British commander also argues that the attack has achieved the aim of obliging the Germans to rush troops to the east, thus making it easier for the Americans under Bradley to push out of Avranches in the west.

    Weather prohibits morning operations by the USAAF’s Ninth Air Force; in the afternoon 62 A-20 Havocs and B-26 Marauders strike the Senonches fuel dump and Chaulnes marshalling yard; fighters escort the bombers and transports and fly armed reconnaissance against rail lines, bridges, and gun positions south of the frontlines.

    Destroyer HMS Isis suffers a violent explosion in Seine Bay, believed caused either by a mine or a Niger or Marder or a Dackel (slow running circling air launched) torpedo strike. Her loss was not discovered until 0219 the following day when HMS Hound picked up 20 survivors from the water. (Alex Gordon)(108)

    Frigate HMCS Matane is damaged by a glider bomb off Brest. Two are killed.

    ITALY: The Fifteenth Air Force in Italy dispatches about 450 B-17s and B-24s to bomb targets in Germany; B-17s attack the airfield at Memmingen; B-24s bomb the airfield, Zeppelin works, and aircraft factory at Friedrichshafen; P-38s and P-51s provide escort and, with the bombers, claim 19 Luftwaffe aircraft shot down.

    GERMANY: A bomb planted in the Lagebaracke, Hitler’s conference room at the “Wolf’s Lair”, Rastenburg, East Prussia, explodes at 12.42pm. Colonel Count Claus von Stauffenberg has planted this bomb on behalf of a wide-ranging conspiracy of senior officers and a few politicians.

    Hitler was studying a map with a magnifying glass while he listened to a report on the calamitous situation on the eastern front. The briefing officer, General Adolf Heusinger, was stopped in mid-sentence by the powerful explosion that sent mangled bodies flying out of windows in a rush of smoke and flame.

    A few hundred yards away von Stauffenberg is sure that Hitler must have been killed. He brushed past guards and hurried to the airfield to fly back to Berlin and join his fellow conspirators.

    Hitler is only injured. Assuming that he is dead, the coup goes on. Von Stauffenberg takes a three-hour flight to Berlin, goes to the War Ministry expecting to find the coup in full swing. But nothing had been done. The planned telephone call from a supporter at Rastenburg had come through, but the line had been poor and it was not certain that Hitler was dead.

    Once it is clear that Hitler has survived, the plot falls apart. The briefcase in which von Stauffenburg had left the bomb had, by pure mischance, been moved by an officer seeking to get closer to the map that the Fuhrer was studying. Four officers died from injuries received in the blast. Suspicion fell on von Stauffenberg when a sergeant recalled that “the one-eyed colonel” had left the room in a hurry. Staff officers then remembered that von Stauffenberg had placed the briefcase under the table. It was some hours before Hitler and his staff discovered the extent of the conspiracy. For the present, the Fuhrer, his eardrums punctured, his right arm temporarily paralysed and his legs burnt, had to turn his attention to receiving Mussolini, himself the victim of an Italian coup. The effects of this bomb are wide ranging. Hitler’s distrust of his generals increases; the physical deterioration caused by the dubious combination of medicines combined with the shock of the explosion further weaken his ability to concentrate; the remaining military are further weakened in their efforts to argue for any type of rational military response to events.

    Berlin: The conspirators had planned to replace Hitler with General Ludwig Beck as head of state. Beck had resigned in 1938 as chief of the army general staff in protest at Hitler’s war plans. Carl Goerdeler, a former lord mayor of Leipzig, was chosen as chancellor; he had broken with the Nazis in 1936. His vice-chancellor was to be Wilhelm Leuschner, the former trade union leader. Rommel had agreed to be C-in-C of the army. Ulrich von Hassell, a career diplomat and pre-war ambassador to Rome, was chosen as foreign minister. Of the 12 ministers named, only two, Beck and Rommel, were military men.

    Berlin: Von Stauffenberg spent months in hospital recovering from injuries sustained in Tunisia. He lost his right hand, two fingers of his left and his left eye in a minefield explosion in April 1943. One day when he was visited by his wife, Countess Nina, he said: “I feel I must do something now to save Germany. We officers must accept our responsibility.”
    A Catholic and a monarchist, he had not, at first, been opposed to the Nazis. Posted to the Berlin War Academy in 1936, he became a general staff officer two years later. His doubts about the Führer began to form during the anti-Jewish pogroms just before the war. His experience of SS atrocities in Russia finally convinced him of the evil of Nazism.

    Berlin: The circle of anti-Hitler conspirators was widened after von Stauffenberg became an active member. He rejected the safety-first conservative regime envisaged by the older generation of anti-Nazis, and insisted that socialists and trade unionists should be invited to join them.

    Though it was accepted that military units in and around Berlin would have to be used for the seizure of power, it was agreed that the army must not dominate the new government. In order to end the war, the western Allies must be persuaded that German militarism was not being perpetuated.

    These visionary plans now lie in ruins. Despite the failure to kill Hitler, von Stauffenberg insisted on going ahead with the coup. The task of surrounding government offices in the Wilhelmstrasse fell to a Major Otto Remer, who was also ordered to arrest Goebbels. When Remer arrived, the propaganda minister got Hitler on the phone and persuaded him to speak to Remer. A few hours later the dumb-founded conspirators heard a radio announcement that Hitler would be broadcasting to the people.

    Germany Remembers Plot to Kill Hitler:

    Plötzensee Memorial Center:

    U-3001 commissioned

    U-2335 laid down.

    PACIFIC: In the Mariana Islands, the pre-invasion bombardment of Guam continues by both carrier-based aircraft and ships. Seventh Air Force P-47s based on Saipan continue preinvasion strikes against Tinian Island while Far East Air Force B-24s bomb the western part of Yap Island. Underwater demolition teams (UDTs) have removed over 900 beach obstacles on Guam for the invasion tomorrow. A total of 640 obstacles were removed on Asan and 300+ on Agat beaches.

    PB4Y-1 Liberators of US Navy Patrol Bomber Squadron One Hundred Nine (VB-109) based at Isley Field on Saipan bomb airfields on Iwo Jima, Haha Jima and Chichi Jima in the Bonin and Volcano Islands.

    CANADA: Corvette HMCS Cobalt completed foc’sle extension refit Liverpool, Nova Scotia.

    U.S.A.: The US Democratic Convention began in Chicago yesterday and will end tomorrow. Franklin D. Roosevelt is nominated 1086 to Senator Byrd with 89 and James Farley with 1. Harry Truman receives 1031 votes for the nomination as Vice President to Henry Wallace with 105 votes.
    The US Army Pearl Harbor Board, consisting of Lieutenant General George Grunert and Major Generals Henry D. Russell and Walter A. Frank, are directed to “ascertain and report the facts relating to the (Japanese) attack” on 7 December 1941.

    The U.S. Army establishes a Pearl Harbor Board consisting of Lieutenant General George Grunert and Major Generals Henry D. Russell and Walter A. Frank, to “ascertain and report the facts relating to the attack” on Hawaii on 7 December 1941. Their report will be completed on 20 October 1944.

    In U.S. baseball, Nels Potter, a pitcher for the St. Louis Browns, is banned for ten days for throwing a spitball; he is the first pitcher ever banned for this practice. Potter will end the season with a 19-7 record for a team that wins the American League pennant.

    The motion picture “Since You Went Away,’’ based on Margaret Buell Wilder’s novel “Together,” is released in the U.S. The film is directed by John Cromwell and stars Claudette Colbert, Jennifer Jones, Joseph Cotten, Shirley Temple, Monty Wooley, Robert Walker, Lionel Barrymore, Hattie McDaniel, Agnes Moorehead, Guy Madison, Craig Stevens and Keenan Wynn; Dorothy Dandridge, Rhonda Fleming and Ruth Roman appear in bit parts while John Derek and Terry Moore are in uncredited bit parts. This tearjerker has Colbert as the wife of a GI overseas who takes in Wooley as a boarder and then watches as her daughter (Jones) falls in love with Wooley’s grandson (Walker). The film was nominated for nine Academy Awards including Best Picture, Best Actress (Colbert), Best Supporting Actor (Wooley) and Best Supporting Actress (Jones); it won a Best Music award.

    Escort carrier USS Gilbert Islands launched.

    Submarine USS Tigrone launched.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-965 is attacked by an aircraft, 1 man was killed and 1 wounded. [Matrosenhauptgefreiter Willibald Niederle] (Alex Gordon)

    Troop transport Vital de Oliviera sunk by U-861 at 22.29S, 41.09W.

  • BRITISH TANKS DRIVE 7 MILES BEYOND CAEN; RUSSIANS CROSS THE BUG, CLOSE ON LWOW (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 5:15:12 AM PDT · 6 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/20jul44.htm#

    Hitler survives bomb plot
    Thursday, July 20, 1944 www.onwar.com

    Adolf Hilter announcing the failure of the plot to kill him [photo at link]

    In Germany... Shortly after noon, a bomb explodes in the conference room at Hitler’s headquarters at Rastenburg, in East Prussia. The bomb was planted by Colonel Count von Stauffenberg. The conspirators include General Beck, Carl Gordeler, Field Marshal Witzleben and General Halder. Most of them are either aristocrats or Roman Catholics. Many others know about the plot, including Rommel, Kluge and Canaris. After it becomes clear that Hitler has survived the plot falls apart. Several of the leading participants, including Stauffenberg, are arrested and shot in Berlin by the end of the day.

    On the Western Front... The British 2nd Army continues attacks south and east of Caen. German forces, particularly antitank defenses, have reduced the Allied momentum.

    In the Mariana Islands... The bombardment of Tinian is expanded as army artillery based on Saipan becomes available, in addition to the air attacks and naval shelling.

    In the United States... The Bretton Woods conference continues.

  • BRITISH TANKS DRIVE 7 MILES BEYOND CAEN; RUSSIANS CROSS THE BUG, CLOSE ON LWOW (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 5:13:04 AM PDT · 5 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Allies Press Foe (Middleton) – 2-3
    British Push Forward on the Road to Paris (page 1 photo) – 3
    French Patriots Beat Nazis Twice – 3-4
    French Propose Exchange of Food – 4
    War New Summarized – 4
    East Front Widens (Lawrence) – 5-6
    Americans Seize Leghorn; 8th Army Poles Take Ancona (Matthews) – 6-7
    2,000 U.S. Bombers Strike in Germany (Anderson) – 7
    Himmler Hinted as Boss of Army (Axelsson) – 7-8
    Robots Rain on Britain All Day in Greatest Sustained Attack Yet – 8
    Chinese Widen Arc around Hengyang – 9
    Japanese Forced into Hills in New Guinea; Try Flanking Move to Escape Aitape Trap – 9
    ‘Shotgun Sight’ Now Used by the British Obviates Need for Straight Run on Target – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 10-12
    Spellman Expected in Rome This Week – 12
  • BRITISH TANKS DRIVE 7 MILES BEYOND CAEN; RUSSIANS CROSS THE BUG, CLOSE ON LWOW (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 5:12:05 AM PDT · 4 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0720-allies14_zps74922816.jpg

     photo 0720-allies15_zpsebad0f33.jpg

     photo 0720-allies16_zpsc500cecb.jpg

     photo 0720-allies17_zps1c536226.jpg

     photo 0720-allies18_zps88ba310e.jpg

     photo 0720-allies19_zpsbc3e7634.jpg

    William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

  • BRITISH TANKS DRIVE 7 MILES BEYOND CAEN; RUSSIANS CROSS THE BUG, CLOSE ON LWOW (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 5:10:08 AM PDT · 3 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BRITISH TANKS DRIVE 7 MILES BEYOND CAEN; RUSSIANS CROSS THE BUG, CLOSE ON LWOW (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 5:09:10 AM PDT · 2 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Normandy, 1944: Expanding the Beachhead, Operations, 1-24 July 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Marianas, Biak and Noemfoor, 22 April-24 July 1944, and Japanese Kon and “A” Go Operations 30 May-19 June 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Operation Bagration – Operations, 22 June-19 August, 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • BRITISH TANKS DRIVE 7 MILES BEYOND CAEN; RUSSIANS CROSS THE BUG, CLOSE ON LWOW (7/20/44)

    07/20/2014 5:08:38 AM PDT · 1 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BRITISH RIP LINES EAST OF CAEN; AMERICANS WIN ST. LO JUNCTION (7/19/44)

    07/19/2014 5:07:42 AM PDT · 6 of 13
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/19.htm

    July 19th, 1944 (WEDNESDAY)
    UNITED KINGDOM:

    1,596 AA guns have been moved to the south coast to combat V-weapons.

    The USAAF’s Eighth Air Force in England flies two missions.

    Mission 482: 1,082 B-17s and B-24s and 670 P-38 Lightnings, P-47 Thunderbolts, and P-51 Mustangs, operating in five forces, attack targets in western and southwestern Germany including two plants producing hydrogen peroxide (an ingredient in V-weapon fuels), a chemical plant, two aircraft factories, four ball bearing plants, six marshalling yards, four airfields, and a river dam; 17 bombers and seven fighters are lost. Attacks in the Munich area are followed, within 90 minutes, by Fifteenth Air Force attacks. 731 fighters, operating in 19 separate units support the bombers; eight of these units afterwards strafe ground targets, including parked aircraft, locomotives and rolling stock, and road vehicles. The bombers claim 6-4-4 Luftwaffe aircraft; the fighters claim 17-0-4 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 38-0-14 on the ground.

    During the night, Mission 483: 5 B-17s fly Mission 483 dropping leaflets in France and Belgium. Also during the night, 5 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions.

    Minesweeper HMS Mameluke launched.

    Destroyer HMS Saintes launched.

    FRANCE: The Goodwood battles continue east of Caen, France. Large numbers of tanks are involved on both sides. The defensive postions and better armament of the Germans make up for their lack of superiority.

    Canadian forces clear the Caen suburbs of Vaucelles, Louvigny and Flery-sur-Orne.

    During the afternoon 262 USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26s and A-20 Havocs bomb bridges on the Loire and Seine Rivers and a fuel dump at Bruz; fighters provide escort and, though limited by bad weather, hit rail lines and scattered enemy installations and movements in the Amiens-Tours-Chartres area and along the Ghent-Brussels, Belgium railroad.

    ITALY: The US 34th Div. captures Leghorn [Livorno]. The Germans have demolished the port and laid 25,000 booby-trap bombs.

    GERMANY: 400+ USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-17s and B-24s based in Italy bomb an ordnance depot, an aircraft factory, a motor works, and an airfield in the Munich area; P-51s and P-38s fly 300+ sorties in support; enemy fighter opposition is weak but flak is heavy and accurate; 16 USAAF aircraft are shot down and several are missing.

    U-2502 is commissioned.

    U-2513, U-3507 laid down.

    EASTERN FRONT: Russian units enter Latvia.

    ARABIAN SEA: At 1703, the unescorted King Frederick was torpedoed and sunk by U-181 in the Nine Degree Channel in the Arabian Sea. The wreck was later dispersed. 20 crewmembers, five gunners and two passengers (military personnel) were lost. The master, 27 crewmembers and one gunner were picked up by the American Liberty ship Shamshee and landed at Aden.

    GUAM: In support of the upcoming invasion of Guam, Seventh Air Force P-47s, based on Saipan, continue to bomb and strafe Tinian Island while Far East Air Force (FEAF) B-24s, striking in 2 waves, attack the airfield on Yap Island; several of the B-24s become separated from the formations and bomb Ngulu and Sorol Atolls in the Caroline Islands.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Japanese submarine I-5 is sunk 360 miles east of Guam by the USS WYMAN (DE-38) a destroyer escort. (Marc James Small)(220, 221 and 222)

    U.S.A.: The top pop songs are
    (1) “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Bing Crosby;
    (2) “Long Ago and Far Away” by Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes;
    (3) “Amor” by Bing Crosby; and
    (4) “Straighten Up and Fly Right” by The (Nat) King Cole Trio.

    Minesweeper USS Minivet laid down.

    Destroyer USS Zellars launched.

    Destroyer escort USS Kenneth M Willet commissioned.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: One Anti-Aircraft gunner was killed (Bootsmaat Werner Hahne) and six wounded onboard U-968 during a battle with an RAF 86 Sqn Liberator.

  • BRITISH RIP LINES EAST OF CAEN; AMERICANS WIN ST. LO JUNCTION (7/19/44)

    07/19/2014 5:06:14 AM PDT · 5 of 13
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/19jul44.htm#

    Battle for Caen continues
    Wednesday, July 19, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Western Front... To the east of Caen, Operation Goodwood continues. British 2nd Army is heavily engaged and large numbers of tanks are used on both sides. The Caen suburb of Vaucelles is cleared by Canadian forces which also capture Louvigny and Fleury-sur-Orne.

    On the Eastern Front... East of Dvinsk, Soviet forces enter Latvia.

    In Italy... Elements of the US 5th Army capture Leghorn.

    In the United States... The Bretton Woods conference continues. Meanwhile, the Democratic Party convention at Chicago selects Roosevelt as their candidate for president by an overwhelming majority (Roosevelt 1086; Byrd 89; Farley 1). Harry Truman is chosen as his running mate (Truman 1031; Wallace 105).

  • BRITISH RIP LINES EAST OF CAEN; AMERICANS WIN ST. LO JUNCTION (7/19/44)

    07/19/2014 5:04:06 AM PDT · 4 of 13
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Major Assault On (Middleton) – 2-3
    7,000 Tons of Bombs Pace British Drive (MacDonald) – 3-4
    Normandy Battle among Toughest (Baldwin) – 4
    Activities behind the Allied Lines and on the Front in Normandy (photos) – 5-6
    War News Summarized – 6
    Soviet Troops Gain 31 Miles through a 124-Mile Breach (Lawrence) – 7-8
    Poles Said to Seek Soviet Amity Talk (Daniel) – 8
    American Troops Reach Arno River (Matthews) – 8
    Nazi Sees Decision in Europe in 90 Days – 8
    750 ‘Forts’ Batter Baltic Robot Dens (by David Anderson) – 9
    Horthy Promises Not to Oust Jews – 9
    33 More Captives are Slain by Nazis – 9
    German Staff Has Plans Now for Next War, Welles Warns (by James B. Reston) – 10
    At Least 350 Dead as Munitions Ships Blow Up on Coast (by Lawrence E. Davies) – 11-12
    A Catastrophe on the Home Front: Havoc Caused by Munitions Ships’ Blast on Pacific Coast (photos) – 12-13
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 15-17
    Race Issue Snarls the Platform; Southerners Halt Compromise (by Charles E. Egan) – 18-19
    Farley on Vice Presidency (by Arthur Krock) – 19
    Editors Stress Free Press Plank – 20
    Books of the Times: The Time for Decision, by Sumner Welles (by Orville Prescott) – 20
  • BRITISH RIP LINES EAST OF CAEN; AMERICANS WIN ST. LO JUNCTION (7/19/44)

    07/19/2014 5:03:02 AM PDT · 3 of 13
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BRITISH RIP LINES EAST OF CAEN; AMERICANS WIN ST. LO JUNCTION (7/19/44)

    07/19/2014 5:01:43 AM PDT · 2 of 13
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Normandy, 1944: Expanding the Beachhead, Operations, 1-24 July 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Marianas, Biak and Noemfoor, 22 April-24 July 1944, and Japanese Kon and “A” Go Operations 30 May-19 June 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Operation Bagration – Operations, 22 June-19 August, 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • BRITISH RIP LINES EAST OF CAEN; AMERICANS WIN ST. LO JUNCTION (7/19/44)

    07/19/2014 5:01:09 AM PDT · 1 of 13
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • U.S. TROOPS HACK WAY INTO ST. LO; BRITISH DEEPEN PUSH BELOW CAEN (7/18/44)

    07/18/2014 5:34:23 PM PDT · 15 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to colorado tanker

    No luck.

  • U.S. TROOPS HACK WAY INTO ST. LO; BRITISH DEEPEN PUSH BELOW CAEN (7/18/44)

    07/18/2014 4:15:25 PM PDT · 14 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to colorado tanker

    I made an inquiry to the photo man at the Facebook group World War II 70th Anniversary. If there is a clearer version of the photo on the internet he is likely to find it.

  • Mutual Broadcasting System: Frank Singiser and the News (7/18/44)

    07/18/2014 2:12:09 PM PDT · 2 of 7
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    News about the improving situation for the Allies in Normandy. Singiser compares that situation with the east, where the wider front works to the advantage of the attacking Red Army.

    News from Japan, including changes in leadership for the Imperial Army and Navy.

    News of the Democratic National Convention, where it is possible that Henry Wallace might be replaced as Roosevelt’s V.P. The front runners to oust Wallace are Senator Barkley of Kentucky and James Byrnes, Director of War Mobilization. Senator Truman of Missoura is considered a dark horse in that race. Still, the smart money says Wallace will keep his place on the ticket.

    Click on the link below to listen.

    MBS News, with Frank Singiser

  • Mutual Broadcasting System: Frank Singiser and the News (7/18/44)

    07/18/2014 2:10:59 PM PDT · 1 of 7
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • U.S. TROOPS HACK WAY INTO ST. LO; BRITISH DEEPEN PUSH BELOW CAEN (7/18/44)

    07/18/2014 4:22:18 AM PDT · 7 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/18.htm

    July 18th, 1944 (TUESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: London is fast emptying under the flying-bomb attack. More than 500,000 mothers and children have been evacuated, and more are leaving daily. Another half a million people, including the elderly and the homeless, are leaving as “aided” evacuees, with rail warrants and billeting allowances. The evacuation is outstripping that of 1939-40. The eight deep shelters specially built after the Blitz, 100 feet underground, are being used for the first time. Each of them has bunks for 8,000 people. “Bomb Alley”, the path that the flying bombs take across Kent and Sussex and the south-east suburbs of London such as Croydon, Lewisham, Bromley, Bexley and Orpington, is suffering particularly heavily. Some 200,000 houses have been destroyed or damaged.

    Defences against the V1s have improved. Fast-flying fighters are patrolling the Channel 20 miles out to sea, shooting down V1s or tipping them over with their wingtips. Over 1,500 guns are massed along the coast, and on the Downs 1,750 balloons form a barrage. More than half of the incoming V1s are being destroyed.

    Minesweeper HMS Styx laid down.

    Destroyer HMS Zambesi commissioned.

    The USAAF’s Eighth Air Force in England flies Mission 481: 1,394 bombers and 476 fighters are dispatched to hit targets in Germany and tactical targets in France; three bombers and three fighters are lost:

    1. 644 B-24s are dispatched, in conjunction with Ninth Air Force and RAF Bomber Command, to bomb enemy equipment and troop concentrations in support of the assault by the British Second Army in the Caen area; 249 hit Solier, 146 hit Frenouville, 139 hit Troarns, 23 hit Hubert la Folie and 12 hit the Mezidon marshalling yard; a B-24 is lost; 90 RAF Spitfires fly uneventful support for the B-24s.

    2. Of 291 B-17s dispatched, 107 hit the Kiel port area, 55 hit the Hemminstedt oil refinery and 54 hit Cuxhaven. Escort is provided by 48 P-38 Lightnings and 84 P-51 Mustangs without loss.

    3. Of 459 B-17s dispatched, 377 hit the Peenemunde experimental establishment, scientific HQ at Zinnowitz, and marshalling yards at Stralsund; three B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 297 P-38s and P-51s; they claim 21-0-12 Luftwaffe aircraft; three P-51s are lost .

    25 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions in France during the night; a B-24 collides with an RAF aircraft over France and is lost.

    ENGLISH CHANNEL: U-672 sunk north of Guernsey, in position 50.03N, 02.30W, by depth charges from frigate HMS Balfour. 52 survivors (No casualties).

    NORTH SEA: U-286 Type VIIC Sank the first time 17th March, 1944 in the Baltic Sea east of R¸gen after collision with U-1013. 26 survivors. Raised and repaired and returned to duty.

    Today a Norwegian Mosquito aircraft (Sqdn 333/K) attacked the boat, causing damages and killing 1 man and wounding 7 more. The boat reached Kristiansand, Norway on the same day.

    Finally sunk 29th April, 1945 in the Barents Sea north of Murmansk, Russia, position 69.29N, 33.37E, by depth charges from the British frigates HMS Loch Insh, Anguilla and Cotton. 51 dead (all hands lost). (Alex Gordon)

    U-742 sunk west of Narvik in position 68.24N, 09.51E, by depth charges from an RAF 210 Sqn Catalina. 52 dead (all hands lost)

    HMS Formidable 8 BTR Wing/Leader Barracuda a/c #LS556, LCdr(A) Roy S. Baker-Faulkner DSO, DSC, RNR, (Canadian) lost after ditching off Norway.
    FRANCE: US XIX Corps has almost completed the capture of St. Lo, France. In one of the most bruising and brilliant actions of the Normandy campaign, the Americans captured the heights of St. Lo and are poised to break out of the difficult bocage country of hedgerows and narrow roads. The cost was heavy - 5,000 casualties - but the German 352nd Division has been smashed and General Meindel’s crack Parachute Corps broken.

    The Americans have been battling for the St. Lo to Coutances road since the beginning of the month. After 12 days they had advanced seven miles at a cost of 10,000 casualties. The bocage hedgerows shielding sunken lanes and bounding small fields has proved ideally suited to a defensive battle, providing ample cover for the Germans and making advance difficult.

    The British and Canadians begin a major attack east of Orne River to the south. They are heading for the high ground beyond Caen. This is Operation Goodwood. Montgomery hopes is will lead to a break out from Normandy. It features heavy bomber support from more than 2200 aircraft.

    At 0530 hours in Operation GOODWOOD RAF Bomber Command drops 6,000 one-thousand pound bombs and 9,600 500 pound bombs on Panzer Group West east of the River Orne. At 0700 medium bombers of the USAAF 8th and 9th Air Forces began another bombing attack but had to return to their bases without dropping bombs due to clouds of smoke and dust which prevented the navigators from locating their targets. At 0830 more bombers of the USAAF dropped nearly 13,000 hundred pound and over 76,000 twenty pound bombs in support of the British Second Army. (W Jay Stone)

    In France, 400+ USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauders and A-20 Havocs hit various military targets in support of the ground forces in the Caen area, and later in the day bomb rail and highway bridges beyond the frontlines; large number of fighters fly escort, dive-bomb gun positions at Rouen and Mantes-la-Jolie, hit military targets in the Chartres area (using rockets), attack gun positions, bridges, and other targets in the Benney-Alencon- Saint-Lo area, and fly armed reconnaissance and fighter sweeps over wide areas of northern and western France.

    GERMANY:

    U-2504, U-3003 launched

    U-327, U-2323 commissioned.

    ITALY: Elements of the US IV Corps begin an attack on Leghorn on the west coast of Italy. The Polish 2 Corps capture Ancona.

    WESTERN EUROPE: Targets in France and Germany are attacked by the Eighth and Ninth Air Forces in England and the Fifteenth Air Force in Italy.

    -The Eighth Air Force dispatches 1,394 bombers and 476 fighters on Mission 481 to hit targets in Germany and tactical targets in France; 3 bombers and 3 fighters are lost:

    - 644 B-24s, in conjunction with Ninth Air Force and RAF Bomber Command, bomb enemy equipment and troop concentrations in support of the assault by the British Second Army in the Caen area; 1 B-24 is lost; 90 RAF Spitfires fly uneventful support for the B-24s.

    - 291 B-17s are dispatched to bomb the Kiel port area, the Hemminstedt oil refinery and Cuxhaven; escort is provided by 48 P-38s and 84 P-51Mustangs without loss.

    - 377 B-17s hit the Peenemunde experimental establishment, scientific HQ at Zinnowitz, and marshalling yards at Stralsund; 3 B-17s; escort is provided by 297 P-38s and P-51s.

    - 25 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions in France during the night; 1 B-24 collides with an RAF aircraft over France and is lost.

    -The Ninth Air Force dispatches 400+ B-26 Marauders and A-20 Havocs to hit various military targets in support of the ground forces in the Caen area, and later in the day bomb rail and highway bridges beyond the frontlines; large number of fighters fly escort, dive-bomb gun positions at Rouen and Mantes-la-Jolie, hit military targets in the Chartres area (using rockets), attack gun positions, bridges, and other targets in the Benney-Alencon-Saint-Lo area, and fly armed reconnaissance and fighter sweeps over wide areas of northern and western France.

    - In Germany, 200 Fifteenth Air Force B-24s and B-17s attack Memmingen Airfield and the Dornier aircraft works at Manzell, and Casarsa della Delizia railroad bridge in Italy; 250-300 Luftwaffe fighters oppose the formations attacking targets in Germany, beginning the interception at the North Adriatic coast, continuing to the targets and back as far as the Brenner Pass; 20 USAAF aircraft are lost.

    Lt. C.D. “Lucky” Lester was flying a P-51 Mustang with the 332nd Fighter Group, an all-African American unit. The group was flying a bomber escort mission at 25,000 feet over northern Italy when they engaged a formation of German Messerschmitt Bf 109s. Lucky saw a 109 straight ahead and closed to about 200 feet while firing. The 109 exploded and, as Lucky was dodging pieces of aircraft, he saw another to his right.
    He turned onto its tail and again closed to 200 feet and fired. This aircraft started to smoke and dived toward the ground. Lucky followed it to about 8,000 feet until he saw the enemy pilot bail out. Lucky, down to 1,000 feet, then spotted a third 109 coming down after him. When the enemy plane overran his P-51, Lucky pulled behind it and opened fire. The Messerschmitt rolled upside down and dived straight into the ground. Lucky earned the Distinguished Flying Cross for his actions in the engagement, which took only six minutes. (Ron Babuka)(http://www.swagga.com/aviation.htm)

    Picture of the action. Picture of the man.

    GREECE: Aegean Sea: German troops round up the 2,000 Jews of Rhodes and Kos for deportation, via Athens and Hungary, to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

    U.S.S.R.: The First Belorussian Front near Kovel begins an offensive; the Thrid Baltic Front advances toward Ostrov ans Pskov, while the First Ukraine Front is beginning to make progress towards Lvov after two days on the offensive.

    At 0321, U-479 fired a spread of two torpedoes at Soviet ASW patrol craft MO-304 in Viborg Bay and thought that she missed, but the submarine chaser lost her fore section. The after part was towed into port and repaired.

    MARIANAS ISLANDS: Continuing the preinvasion missions in the Mariana Islands, Seventh Air Force P-47s based on Saipan pound Tinian and Pagan Islands; Far East Air Forces (FEAF) B-24s strike Yap Island, bombing the town and Blelatsch peninsula; several of the B-24s bomb Sorol Atoll; and 25 Seventh Air Force B-24s, staging through Eniwetok Atoll, attack Truk Atoll.

    JAPAN: General Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister and Army Chief of Staff in the Japanese Cabinet. He takes his cabinet with him after a behind-the-scenes coup by a cabal of ex-premiers convinced that Japan faces defeat unless drastic changes are made. The former leaders, who backed Tojo’s appointment 33 months ago, have advised the emperor to summon General Kuniaki Koiso and Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai to form a new cabinet, with separate posts for the heads of the army and navy. Tojo tried to save his premiership by agreeing to step down as army chief, but this did not placate the ex-premiers. Events in the Marianas have brought down his cabinet. General Umezu will become the New Army Chief of Staff. This is the first change in cabinet by the Japanese since 1941.

    U.S.A.: Destroyer escort USS Ulvert M Moore commissioned.

  • U.S. TROOPS HACK WAY INTO ST. LO; BRITISH DEEPEN PUSH BELOW CAEN (7/18/44)

    07/18/2014 4:20:41 AM PDT · 6 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/18jul44.htm#

    Tojo deposed in Japan
    Tuesday, July 18, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In Tokyo... Tojo resigns his posts as prime minister and Chief of Staff of the Army. General Kuniaki Koiso and Admiral Yonai are chosen to form a new cabinet. General Umezu becomes the new Chief of Staff of the Army. These changes reflect the growing strength of Japanese statesmen seeking an end to the war.

    On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces of 3rd Baltic Front strike toward Ostrov and Pskov. The 1st Belorussian Front attacks around Kovel. To the south, after being held by German forces for two days, the 1st Ukrainian Front makes progress toward Lvov and encircles the 5 German divisions of the German 13th Corps in what becomes known as the Brody pocket.

    On the Western Front... Most of the town of St. Lo is occupied by elements of the US 19th Corps (part of US 1st Army). The British 2nd Army launches Operation Goodwood. A preparatory bombardment involves over 2200 aircraft including 1000 RAF heavy bombers dropping more than 7000 tons of bombs on the German defenses. British and Canadian forces push from east of the Orne River southward in the direction of the high ground beyond Caen. Initially, the Allied troops make good progress but no breakthrough is achieved. Field Marshal Montgomery, commanding British 21st Army Group, believes the attack is necessary to keep German forces pinned against British and Canadian forces, rather than the American forces. He also expresses some optimism about a breakout of Normandy.

    In Italy... The US 4th Corps attacks Leghorn on the west coast while other elements of US 5th Army reach the Arno River at Pontedera. On the east coast, the Polish 2nd Corps (part of British 8th Army) captures Ancona.

    In the United States... The Bretton Woods conference continues.

  • U.S. TROOPS HACK WAY INTO ST. LO; BRITISH DEEPEN PUSH BELOW CAEN (7/18/44)

    07/18/2014 4:19:21 AM PDT · 5 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Allies Inch Ahead (Middleton) – 2-4
    St. Lo Battle Savage and Bloody as Germans Try to Hold Key Base (Denny) – 3
    Reach Curzon Line – 4-5
    57,000 Nazis Parade in Moscow as Prisoners from White Russia (Lawrence) – 5
    8th Army Surges across Arno River (Matthews) – 6
    War News Summarized – 6
    Warships Add Fury to Attack on Guam (Horne) – 7
    9,000 Shells Blast a Hamlet in India – 7
    Latest Casualties of Army and Navy – 8
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 9-11
    American Reinforcements on Way to France (page 1 photo) – 11
  • U.S. TROOPS HACK WAY INTO ST. LO; BRITISH DEEPEN PUSH BELOW CAEN (7/18/44)

    07/18/2014 4:15:34 AM PDT · 4 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    V-Mail from New Guinea. This is the first letter from Homer’s father since his company got involved in the fighting along the Druinimor river.

     photo 0718-allies13_zps3d86e042.jpg