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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • NIMITZ PUTS JAPAN’S LOSS AT 58 OF 60 SHIPS; 24 SUNK, 13 OTHERS HIT MAY HAVE GONE DOWN (10/30/44)

    10/30/2014 7:01:24 AM PDT · 15 of 20
    Homer_J_Simpson to goodnesswins

    The Nimitz Graybook? Seems to working okay.

  • NIMITZ PUTS JAPAN’S LOSS AT 58 OF 60 SHIPS; 24 SUNK, 13 OTHERS HIT MAY HAVE GONE DOWN (10/30/44)

    10/30/2014 4:17:35 AM PDT · 6 of 20
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/30.htm

    October 30th, 1944 (MONDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM:

    The two greatest US fighter groups commanding officers end their combat days on this date.

    Col. Hubert Zemke, former CO of the 56th FG, USAAF, and current CO of the 479th FG, USAAF, a 17.75 victory aces, is lost on his final scheduled combat sorite. He bails out over enemy territory and is captured when his P-51 is ripped apart in a thundercloud.

    Col. Donald Blakeslee, CO of the 4th FG, USAAF, flies the last of more than 350 combat sorties, 900 flying hours (half again as much as any US fighter pilot), and is forcibly transferred to a desk job with the VIII Fighter Command’s 65th Fighter Wing. The exact number of combat hours is not certain. He recorded only the times over the coast in and out, which totalled considerably less than the full flight period for each mission. (Skip Guidry)

    Corvette HMS Hedingham Castle commissioned.

    ASW trawler HMS Royal Marine commissioned.

    WESTERN EUROPE: USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauders are recalled from a mission (mainly against bridges) because of bad weather; fighters fly patrols and armed reconnaissance over northeastern France and in western Germany around Aachen and the Rhine River; and the XIX Tactical Air Command escorts B-26 Marauders and heavy bombers of the Eighth Air Force.

    NORTH SEA: U-427 took part in operation Specht and guarded a German minefield off Stavanger (Norway).

    NETHERLANDS: In the Canadian First Army’s II Corps area, the Canadian 2d Division completes their drive across southern Beveland, reaching the east end of the Walcheren causeway. The Canadian 3d Division is nearing the end of the action to reduce the Britisheskens Pocket. In the British I Corps area, the U.S. 415th Infantry Regiment, spearheading for the 104th Infantry Division, reaches the Mark River and attempts to take a bridge near Standdaarbuiten, but the Germans blow it up.

    In the British Second Army area, VIII Corps area, the Germans makes a final effort to advance in the Peel Marshes but are brought to a halt. .

    Two USAAF Eighth Air Force bombers a target of opportunity at Enschede.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command sends 102 Lancasters and eight Mosquitos are dispatched to bomb gun batteries on Walcheren Island; 96 bomb the target with the loss of one Mosquito. This is the last Bomber Command raid in support of the Walcheren campaign and the opening of the River Scheldt.

    During the night of 30/31 October, USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 694: two B-17 Flying Fortresses and seven B-24 Liberators drop leaflets over the country.

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, the 357th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division completes the capture of Maizières-lès-Metz, thus opening route to Metz from the north.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army’s VI Corps area, elements of 45th Infantry Division seize St Benoit, on the Rambervillers-Raon-l’Etape road. The 3d Infantry Division now holds a broad salient west of St Die and the Meurthe River from the vicinity of Nompatelize on the north to Traintrux on the south. In the 36th Infantry Division zone, the 442d Infantry Regiment (Nisei) at last makes contact with and relieves the 1st Battalion, 141st Infantry Regiment.

    GERMANY: The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 693 with 1,279 bombers and 978 fighters flying a major mission against German oil production facilities; two bombers and five fighters are lost: 209 aircraft hit the marshalling yard (M/Y) at Hamm; 189 bomb the M/Y at Munster; 92 attack the Ebano oil refinery and 67 bomb the Rhenania oil refinery, both in Hamburg; 34 hit the port area at Cuxhaven; 22 bomb the port area at Wessermunde; 13 attack the industrial area at Osnabruck; and 16 hit targets of opportunity.

    The USAAF Eighth Air Force also flies Mission 693A: two of five B-17 Flying Fortresses make an APHRODITE attack on Heligoland Island with escort provided by seven P-47 Thunderbolts. In a second raid, 26 B-17s, escorted by eight P-47, fly a cover mission to Heligoland bombing the U-boat base.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command sends 102 Lancasters to bomb the synthetic oil refinery at Wesseling; all 102 bomb the target. No results are seen because of the cloud but the bombing is believed to be accurate.

    During the night of 30/31 October, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 905 aircraft,

    438 Halifaxes, 435 Lancasters and 32 Mosquitos, to bomb Cologne; 870 bomb the city without loss. This is an Oboe-marked raid through cloud, and Bomber Command estimates that only “scattered and light” damage is caused in the western parts of the city. But the local report shows that enormous damage is caused in the suburbs of Braunsfeld, Lindenthal, Klettenberg and Sülz, which are “thoroughly ploughed up” by the huge tonnage of high explosive dropped (3,431 tons of high explosive and 610 tons of incendiaries are dropped). A vast amount of property, mostly civilian housing, is destroyed but railways and public utilities are also hit. There is little industry in the area which is bombed. Meanwhile, 58 Mosquitos bomb Berlin with the loss of one aircraft, five bomb the city and marshalling yard at Aschaffenburg, and three each bomb the marshalling yard at Heilbronn and the city of Oberhausen.

    U-3031 laid down.

    U-2524, U-2525 launched.

    AUSTRIA: During the night of 30/31 October, three USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb a marshalling yard at Klagenfurt.

    POLAND: The last transport of Jews from Theresienstadt, a ghetto in Czechoslovakia, run by the SS, arrives at Auschwitz in the suburbs of the city of Oswiecim. Today and tomorrow, 1,689 of them are sent to the gas chambers. This is the last use of the gas chambers at this camp. (Apparatus)

    HUNGARY: The Soviet Army begins an offensive aimed at the capital, Budapest.

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army area, the Germans begin series of counterattacks toward Palazzo that last for several days, but Combat Command B of the South African 6th Armoured Division holds firm. In the IV Corps area, Regimental Combat Team 6 of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force seizes the Lama hill mass, north of Barga. During October, the corps has conducted a training program for inexperienced 1st Division, Brazilian Expeditionary Force, and the U.S. 92d Infantry Division (Colored) as the units arrived.

    In the British Eighth Army’s Polish II Corps area, the Germans withdraw from the Caminata region. In the V Corps area, the 10th Division takes Meldola, from which the Germans have withdrawn, but runs into strong opposition as it pushes on toward the Rabbi River. The 4th Division tries in vain to get patrols across the Ronco River on the north flank of the corps.

    Weather again grounds USAAF Twelfth Air Force medium bombers and limits XXII Tactical Air Command fighter-bombers and fighters to 51 sorties against scattered targets in the Po Valley.

    CHINA: Thirteen USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators lay mines in Victoria Harbor, Hong Kong and sink a Japanese ship off Hong Kong..

    BURMA: Ten USAAF Tenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells knock out bridges at Namhkai, Wuntho, Thegyaung, and Nankan and damage others at Okkyin and Zawchaung; 50+ P-47 Thunderbolts knock out the Hpao Nam River bridge and strafe targets of opportunity at several locations; hit several bridges throughout the northern Burma rail corridor, damaging or knocking out each target; support ground forces at Naba Station and Pinwe; and hit troop concentrations at Mansi and Manyut.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force P-40s bomb installations around Phu Lang Thuong and hit junks at sea.

    JAPAN: Three USAAF Eleventh Air Force B-24 Liberators fly armed reconnaissance over Matsuwa and Onnekotan Islands in the Kurile Islands.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: During the night of 30/31 October, one USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 flies a snooper mission and bombs Iwo Jima.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: In the U.S. Sixth Army’s X Corps area on Leyte, the 3d Battalion, 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division, starts toward Carigara along the road from Jaro but is halted almost at once by Japanese. In the XXIV Corps area, 2d and 3d Battalions, 383d Infantry Regiment, 96th Infantry Division, attack San Vicente from the Guinarona River and find the barrio and the hill of the same name undefended. The 17th Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, completes the capture of Dagami in the morning and spends rest of day mopping up.

    US Naval TF 38 begins to withdraw from the Philippines to Ulithi and two carriers are heavily damaged by Kamikaze attacks.
    The two ships of Task Group 38.4 struck by kamikazes are the aircraft carrier USS Franklin (CV-13) and the light aircraft carrier USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24). Both retire to Ulithi and then to the U.S. for repairs. The withdrawal of Task Group 38.4 to Ulithi and the escort aircraft carriers of Task Group 77.4 to Manus Island, leaves the defence of the Leyte beachhead in the hands of several USAAF P-38 groups and a P-61 squadron and Carrier Air Group Seven (CVG-7) in USS Hancock (CV-19), Light Carrier Air Group Twenty Nine (CVLG-29) in USS Cabot (CVL-28) and Night Carrier Air Group Forty One [CVLG(N)-41] in USS Independence (CVL-22).

    USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators bomb Bacolod Airfield on Negros Island, while on Mindanao Island, B-25 Mitchells and fighter-bombers hit San Roque Airfield and barges at Zamboanga.

    Army Air Forces Southwest Pacific Area issues an instruction for air support of the Mindoro operation by Lieutenant General George C. Kenney’s USAAF Far East Air Forces, comprising the USAAF Fifth and Thirteenth Air Forces. Fifth Air Force is to be the “assault air force” but the Thirteenth Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, carrier- based planes of the USN Third and Seventh Fleets, and land-based planes of the Seventh Fleet are also to assist as are B-29 Superfortresses of the USAAF Twentieth Air Force.

    BORNEO: In British North Borneo, USAAF Far East Air Forces P-38 Lightnings hit Sandakan Airfield and sink two Japanese merchant tankers off Sandakan.

    EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators bomb the wharf area at Makassar on the southwestern tip of Celebes Island while P-40s, over the northeastern peninsula, hit various targets of opportunity. P-38 Lightnings hit Piroe on Ceram Island and B-25 Mitchells sink a Japanese ship off Lomblon Island.

    NEW GUINEA: Utarom (Kaimana) Aerodrome in Dutch New Guinea is again bombed by USAAF Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs and B-25 Mitchells.

    NAURU ISLAND: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-25 Mitchells from Makin Island strike Nauru. Nauru Island is a 21 square kilometer (8 square mile) island in the South Pacific Ocean, located about halfway between the Gilbert and Solomon Islands. The island is rich in phosphate deposits and was occupied by the Japanese on 25 August 1942.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: Eight USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators on armed reconnaissance missions from Guam bomb Yap Island.

    Eight B-29 Superfortresses of the USAAF Twentieth Air Force’s XXI Bomber Command in the Mariana Islands bomb submarine pens on Dublon Island, Truk Atoll; nine others bomb 2 miles (3.2 km) beyond the target.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: US Naval Task Group 38.4 begins to withdraw from the Philippines to Ulithi Atoll, Caroline Islands, and two aircraft carriers are heavily damaged by Kamakaze attacks. The two ships of Task Group 38.4 struck by kamikazes are USS Franklin (CV-13) and USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24) which are hit in the Philippine Sea about 110 nautical miles (204 kilometers) east-southeast of Tacloban, Leyte, Philippine Islands. Both retire to Ulithi and then to the U.S. for repairs. The withdrawal of Task Group 38.4 to Ulithi and the escort aircraft carriers of Task Group 77.4 to Manus Island, Admiralty Islands, leaves the defense of the Leyte beachhead in the hands of several USAAF P-38 Lightning groups and a P-61 Black Widow squadron and Carrier Air Group Seven (CVG-7) in USS Hancock (CV-19), Light Carrier Air Group Twenty Nine (CVLG-29) in USS Cabot (CVL-28) and Night Carrier Air Group Forty One [CVLG(N)-41] in USS Independence (CVL-22).

    U.S.A.: Destroyers USS Floyd B Parks and Herbert J Thomas laid down.

  • NIMITZ PUTS JAPAN’S LOSS AT 58 OF 60 SHIPS; 24 SUNK, 13 OTHERS HIT MAY HAVE GONE DOWN (10/30/44)

    10/30/2014 4:15:42 AM PDT · 5 of 20
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/30oct44.htm#

    Americans capture Dagami
    Monday, October 30, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In the Philippines... On Leyte, troops of US 7th Infantry Division (part of US 24th Corps) take Dagami. As sea, two carriers are badly damaged by Kamikaze attacks as the ships of US Task Force 38 begin to withdraw toward Ulithi.

    On the Western Front... Elements of Canadian 1st Army fight across south Beveland and reach the Walcheren Channel.

    From Liberated Italy... In Caserta, the Greek government in exile bans the ELAS National Militia — the Communist resistance movement.

  • NIMITZ PUTS JAPAN’S LOSS AT 58 OF 60 SHIPS; 24 SUNK, 13 OTHERS HIT MAY HAVE GONE DOWN (10/30/44)

    10/30/2014 4:14:51 AM PDT · 4 of 20
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    4 Carriers Sunk (Horne) – 2-3
    U.S. Forces Gain on Leyte; Two-thirds of Island Ours (Kluckhohn) – 3
    Freed Filipinos Are Jubilant; Enemy Treated Them as Slaves (Parrott) – 4
    Philippines Invasion; The Landing at Leyte which Brought Japanese Fleet Out to Disaster (photos) – 5-7
    Tokyo Rose Stirs Philippine Mirth – 7
    Battle near Kweilin Gains in Intensity; Fighter-Bombers Smash at Foe in Burma – 7
    Action in Asia Cut by Stilwell Shift – 8
    War News Summarized – 8
    Poles Seize City (Middleton) – 8-10
    Ban on Red Militia Stirs French Crisis (Callender) – 10
    Tirpitz is Hit Again by RAF 6-Ton Bomb – 11-12
    Tears of Defeat and a Song of Victory in Aachen (photos) – 11
    Bulgarian Terms Silent on Dobruja (Lawrence) – 12-13
    Soviet Scolds Iran for Denying Its Oil – 13
    Aid for Wounded American in Slovenia (photo) – 13
    Behind the Removal of Gen. Stilwell (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 14
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 15-17
  • NIMITZ PUTS JAPAN’S LOSS AT 58 OF 60 SHIPS; 24 SUNK, 13 OTHERS HIT MAY HAVE GONE DOWN (10/30/44)

    10/30/2014 4:13:00 AM PDT · 3 of 20
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • NIMITZ PUTS JAPAN’S LOSS AT 58 OF 60 SHIPS; 24 SUNK, 13 OTHERS HIT MAY HAVE GONE DOWN (10/30/44)

    10/30/2014 4:12:07 AM PDT · 2 of 20
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • NIMITZ PUTS JAPAN’S LOSS AT 58 OF 60 SHIPS; 24 SUNK, 13 OTHERS HIT MAY HAVE GONE DOWN (10/30/44)

    10/30/2014 4:11:31 AM PDT · 1 of 20
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • CBS World News Today – October 29, 1944

    10/29/2014 12:01:56 PM PDT · 2 of 2
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The description of this broadcast from https://www.otrcat.com/world-news-today-radio-show2.html follows.

    “Pacific Fleet Headquarters, Pearl Harbor (Webley Edwards): there are still no details on the Battle of Leyte Gulf [which took place October 23-26 and was the first time that kamikaze pilots were used as an official, recognized unit.] Edwards interviews LCDR Joy Hancock from the Navy Women’s Reserve who is doing advance work prior to the first WAVES arriving in the Pacific in December. CBS San Francisco: Japanese Radio has claimed victory in the Battle of Leyte Gulf [where Japanese naval power was virtually wiped out.] It is speculated that the heavy losses suffered by the Japanese Navy might force General Koiso to resign as Prime Minster, just as Tojo was forced out [on July 18th] after heavy Japanese loses at Saipan. A “rejuvenation of government” is taking place in Japan. A spot for the Admiral “after victory” radio mentions that it will have FM, television and home recording. CBS Paris (Larry LeSeure): a break in the bad weather has allowed Allied forces to attack German troops from the air. Railroads in the Rhine-Ruhr area have been hit, and the city of Cologne is still burning after an earlier attack. Belgium: Ned Kalmer with the 1st Army reports that the Americans have not been able to find anyone in Aachen willing to become its mayor. Aachen was the first sizable Germany city to be occupied. CBS London: Eric Severide reports on British reaction to General Stilwell being recalled from China [by FDR on October 18th]. The British were never too enthusiastic about the Chinese as an effective fighting force against the Japanese because of the fragmented nature of China’s internal politics. CBS Washington: Joe McCaffree interviews Brigadier General Hatcher from Army Ordnance, who talks about the job of keeping American troops supplied with ammunition and ordnance. (He reveals that captured Japanese 81mm mortar shells fit American mortars and are being used against Japanese troops.) Although an Army General, Hatcher is a graduate of Annapolis. A spot for the post-war Admiral electric Range mentions that it has a 5-way timer for automatic cooking. A PSA advises listeners to buy and hold U.S. War Bonds.”

    To listen to the broadcast click on the link below.

    CBS World News Today, October 29, 1944

  • CBS World News Today – October 29, 1944

    10/29/2014 12:01:19 PM PDT · 1 of 2
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BRITISH WIN KEY DUTCH BASE, CLOSE ON BREDA; 40,000 GERMANS FLEE TO ESCAPE DESTRUCTION (10/29/44)

    10/29/2014 10:25:42 AM PDT · 11 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Bringbackthedraft
    Stilwell was one our most under rated generals. Had he had a command in Europe, he may have out shined Patton.

    Back in December 1941 Marshall worried that he was losing his best corps commander by sending Stilwell to China. I wonder how the campaigns in North Africa and Europe would have unfolded differently if Marshall had sent someone else to deal with Chiang.

  • BRITISH WIN KEY DUTCH BASE, CLOSE ON BREDA; 40,000 GERMANS FLEE TO ESCAPE DESTRUCTION (10/29/44)

    10/29/2014 4:39:42 AM PDT · 7 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/29.htm

    October 29th, 1944 (SUNDAY)

    NETHERLANDS: In the Canadian First Army area, II Corps is rapidly clearing southern Beveland and completing the reduction of the Breskens Pocket. The 52d Division and Canadian 2d Division establish contact on southern Beveland and the 52d Division takes Goes. Breda falls to the Polish 1st Armoured Division.

    In the British Second Army’s VIII Corps area, the Germans attack in force from Meijel toward Liesel and Asten, taking Liesel from Combat Command B, U.S. 7th Armored Division, and pushing Combat Command R units back about halfway up the road toward Asten.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 358 aircraft, 194 Lancasters, 128 Halifaxes and 36 Mosquitos, to attack 11 different German ground positions on Walcheren. Visibility is good and it is believed that all the targets are hit. One Lancaster is lost.

    WESTERN EUROPE: The USAAF Ninth Air Force flies numerous tactical missions: About 170 B-26 Marauders and A-20 Havocs bomb rail bridges at Mayen, Konz-Karthaus, and Euskirchen, Germany and Ellern and Moerdijke, the Netherlands; fighters fly escort to bombers, sweeps, defensive patrols, armed reconnaissance over wide areas of eastern France, the Netherlands, and Germany, bomb rail targets and bridges, and fly cover for the US XIX Corps in Belgium.

    FRANCE: Sakato, George T., Pvt., 442nd Regimental Combat Team, will be awarded the MOH for actions today in Biffointaine. (William L. Howard)

    During the rescue of the German-surrounded 141st Texas Regiment - the Lost Battalion - Barney Hajiro, Private in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, initiated an attack up what was dubbed Suicide Hill by running forward about 100 yards under fire.

    “He then advanced ahead of his comrades about 10 yards (9 meters), drawing fire and spotting camouflaged machine gun nests,” his citation reads. “He fearlessly met fire with fire and single-handedly destroyed two machine gun nests and killed two enemy snipers. As a result of Private Hajiro’s heroic actions, the attack was successful.” (MOH)

    In U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, three companies of the 357th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division, omitting artillery preparation, attack from the factory area at Maiziêres-les-Metz into the section south of Hôtel de Vile; two others attack from the north. Most of the town is cleared by dark.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army’s VI Corps area, 45th Infantry Division moves into Bru and Jeanménil, which the Germans have successfully defended for the past month, without opposition. The drive on Raonl’Etape continues to the right. The 3d Infantry Division improves their positions near St Die. In the 36th Infantry Division zone, the 442d Infantry Regiment (Nisei) pushes closer to the isolated 1stBattalion of the 141st Infantry Regiment in Forêt Domaniale de Champ.

    GERMANY: Capt. Harry E. Fisk, a P-51 pilot with the 356th FS/354th FG, USAAF, achieves ace status when he downs three Bf 109s near Karlsruhe. Germany at 1145 hours.

    2nd Lt. Bruce Carr, a P-51 pilot with the 353d FS/354th FG, USAAF, achieves ace status when he downs two Bf 109s near Bockingen, Germany at 1145 hours. This brings his total to 6.5. He ends the war with 15 enemy aircraft destroyed. (Skip Guidry)

    At the edge of a fierce fight for control of Aachen, U.S. soldier Max Fuchs is the cantor at the first Jewish religious service to be broadcast from German soil since the advent of Hitler.

    Thirty five USAAF Fifteenth Air Force of over 155+ B-24 Liberators dispatched with fighter escort, bomb Munich Main marshalling yard; the remainder and 670 other bombers, dispatched against targets in southern Germany, abort the mission due to bad weather.

    During the night of 29/30 October, RAF Bomber Command sends 59 Mosquitos to Cologne; 57 bomb the city without loss. Meanwhile, six Mosquitos bomb Mannheim.

    AUSTRIA: Thirty USAAF Fifteenth Air Force P-38 Lightnings, after escort duty, strafe communications lines from Wels to Kienberg destroying 17 locomotives and several other road and rail transportation targets.

    BALTIC SEA: U-1001 took off two ill crewmembers from U-958 and U-475.

    NORWAY: During the day, 37 RAF Bomber Command Lancasters and a film unit aircraft are dispatched from RAF Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland to attack the battleship Tirpitz, which is now moored near the port of Tromso. The removal of the Lancasters’ mid-upper turrets and other equipment and the installation of extra fuel tanks, giving each aircraft a total fuel capacity of 2,406 Imperial gallons (2,889 U.S. gallons or 10 938 liters), allows the Lancasters to carry out this 2,250 mile (3 621 kilometer) operation. A weather reconnaissance Mosquito has reported the target area free of cloud and the Lancasters form up at a lake near the bay in which the Tirpitz is moored and commence their attack. Unfortunately the wind has changed and a bank of cloud came in to cover the battleship 30 seconds before the first Lancaster is ready to bomb. Thirty two aircraft release Tallboy bombs on the estimated position of the battleship but no direct hits are scored. One Lancaster, which is damaged by flak, crash-lands in Sweden and its crew are later returned to Britain.

    U.S.S.R.: Moscow: Stalin orders the seizure of Budapest, regardless of cost.

    YUGOSLAVIA: During the night of 29/30 October, 74 RAF bombers of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bring supplies to the partisans.

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army area, elements of Combat Command, South African 6th Armoured Division, on the left flank of the division, take Palazzo, west of Highway 64.

    In the British Eighth Army’s V Corps area, the German garrison at Meldola is threatened with encirclement as the Indian 10th Division begins attacks from bridgeheads and south of the town. The 4th Division prepares for another attack across the river since flood waters are subsiding.

    Weather again restricts operations by the USAAF Twelfth Air Force but the XXII Tactical Air Command fighter-bombers fly 15 sorties against railroad targets in the Po Valley.

    CHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force fighters in support of Chinese ground forces hit hill positions in the Lungling and Mangshih areas; others damage a bridge at Sinshih, bomb Kweiyi and Paoching, hit railroad targets between Siaokan and Sinyang, and strafe airfields at Chingmen, Tangyang, and Ichang.

    BURMA: On the Salween front, the Chinese Expeditionary Force, closely supported by the USAAF Fourteenth Air Force, renews an offensive, attacking toward Lung-ling with the Chinese 200th Division in the lead. The Japanese have been thinning out.

    In the Northern Combat Area Command (NCAC) area, the British 36th Division, having paused briefly at Mawpin, resumes southward drive down the railroad corridor.

    Over 80 USAAF Tenth Air Force fighter-bombers again attack a wide variety of targets including troop concentrations, bridges, supply dumps, and numerous targets of opportunity at Kawlin, Wingnang, Hsenwi, Bhamo, Shwegu, Kyungon, Tugyaung, Yebyangale, Henu, and Kayin.

    JAPAN: On Paramushiru Island in the Kurile Islands, four USAAF Eleventh Air Force B-25 Mitchells on reconnaissance hit Tomari Cape buildings and a freighter which is left listing.

    EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Forces fighter-bombers and B-25 Mitchells, operating in small forces, are active against airfields, antiaircraft positions, and targets of opportunity on Halmahera Island.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: Abuyag, Leyte, south of Dulag is liberated by US forces. Catmon Hill is cleared and the US advance to Dagami is able to continue.

    In the U.S. Sixth Army’s X Corps area on Leyte, the 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division, takes the lead in a drive to Jaro, reaching the town at 1700 hours after having cleared opposition en route to Galotan. In the XXIV Corps area, the 381st Infantry Regiment, 96th Infantry Division, takes Labir and Catmon Hills with ease. The 17th Infantry Regiment of the 7th Infantry Division continues an attack toward Dagami and breaks into the southern part of the town. From Burauen, the 32d Infantry Regiment moves without incident along Highway 1 to Abuyog, the 7th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop, preceding it, pushes on toward Baybay.

    USN Task Group 38.2 attacks Japanese airfields in the Manila, Luzon, area and shipping in Manila Bay, damaging heavy cruiser HIJMS Nachi. During Japanese air attacks on the fast carriers operating off Leyte, a kamikaze crashes into one of the port gun tubs of the aircraft carrier USS Intrepid (CV-11) killing ten men and wounding six.

    NEW GUINEA: In Dutch New Guinea, USAAF Fifth Air Force fighter- bombers hit Ransiki Aerodrome while fighter-bombers, A-20 Havocs, and B-25 Mitchells bomb Utarom (Kaimana) Aerodrome and Soeli and strafe targets of opportunity throughout the Utarom-Kaimana area.

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: Twenty Australian Beauforts attack Rabaul on New Britain Island.

    BONIN ISLANDS: Nineteen USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Saipan bomb Chichi Jima.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: Two USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Guam strike Yap Island.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: 2300 hours: USS Sterlet (SS-392) sinks a cargo ship at 30-04 N, 132-24 E. (Skip Guidry)

    U.S.A.:

    Destroyer USS Harwood laid down.

    Destroyers USS Bristol and Chevalier launched.

    Minesweeper USS Ruddy launched.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-1226 (Type IXC/40) is lost in the Atlantic, possibly because of a Schnorkel defect. Position not known. 56 dead (all hands lost).

  • BRITISH WIN KEY DUTCH BASE, CLOSE ON BREDA; 40,000 GERMANS FLEE TO ESCAPE DESTRUCTION (10/29/44)

    10/29/2014 4:38:31 AM PDT · 6 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/29oct44.htm#

    Poles capture Breda
    Sunday, October 29, 1944 www.onwar.com

    Polish soldiers fighting just outside Breda [photo at link]

    On the Western Front... On Beveland, the Canadian 2nd Division reaches Goes in the ongoing battle for the Scheldt by Canadian 1st Army. Inland, Breda falls to the Polish 1st Armored Division.

    In the Philippines... On Leyte, elements of US 24th Corps capture Abuyag, south of Dulag, while Catmon Hill is cleared and the advance to Dagami continues. At sea, carrier groups under the command of Admiral Davison and Admiral Bogan conduct air strikes. In two days, they destroy almost 100 Japanese planes for a loss of 15 American aircraft. The carrier USS Intrepid is damaged by a Kamikaze attack.

  • BRITISH WIN KEY DUTCH BASE, CLOSE ON BREDA; 40,000 GERMANS FLEE TO ESCAPE DESTRUCTION (10/29/44)

    10/29/2014 4:34:59 AM PDT · 5 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Germans in Flight – 2-3
    Troops Still Die on a ‘Quiet Front’ (Currivan) – 3
    Bologna Strategy of Foe is Complex (Bracker) – 3-4
    Nazi Commander in Aachen a Prisoner (photo) – 4
    4,000-Ton RAF Blow Hits Cologne; U.S. Planes Rip Hamm, Muenster – 4
    Entire Force Sunk – 5
    U.S.S. Princeton Volcanic in Death (by Morrie Landsberg, first-time contributor) – 5-6
    Winners of Animal-Naming contest at Central Park Zoo (w/photo) – 6
    Stilwell Moved from Orient as Request Laid to Chiang (Hulen) – 7-8
    War News Summarized – 8
    Gives 17-to-5 Odds on Roosevelt, with 3 to 1 against Dewey to Win – 8
    Veterans Intelligence (Hurd) – 10
    La Guardia Pleads Cause of Wagner – 10
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 11-13

    The News of the Week in Review
    The Battle of the Philippine Sea (map) – 14
    Fifteen News Questions – 15
    After the Battle of the Philippine Sea (cartoons) – 16
    Japan’s Navy is Crippled in Air-Sea Battles (Baldwin) – 17-18
    “Where is the Jap Fleet – Now?” (cartoon) – 18
    Answers to Fifteen News Questions – 18
    Hard Winter Fighting Now Seen in the West (by Clifton Daniel) – 19

  • BRITISH WIN KEY DUTCH BASE, CLOSE ON BREDA; 40,000 GERMANS FLEE TO ESCAPE DESTRUCTION (10/29/44)

    10/29/2014 4:32:54 AM PDT · 4 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from October 25.

     photo 1029-germans21_zps028a4f85.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • BRITISH WIN KEY DUTCH BASE, CLOSE ON BREDA; 40,000 GERMANS FLEE TO ESCAPE DESTRUCTION (10/29/44)

    10/29/2014 4:32:02 AM PDT · 3 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BRITISH WIN KEY DUTCH BASE, CLOSE ON BREDA; 40,000 GERMANS FLEE TO ESCAPE DESTRUCTION (10/29/44)

    10/29/2014 4:31:17 AM PDT · 2 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • BRITISH WIN KEY DUTCH BASE, CLOSE ON BREDA; 40,000 GERMANS FLEE TO ESCAPE DESTRUCTION (10/29/44)

    10/29/2014 4:30:36 AM PDT · 1 of 14
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 1:30:43 PM PDT · 13 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to colorado tanker; Tax-chick; henkster
    Contrary to today's stories, Leyte is going to be a tough, slow operation. The good news is we will kill a lot of Japanese in taking the island.

    The campaign will nearly kill my father as well.

    Bulkeley and his squadron were the model for the movie "They Were Expendable" starring Robert Montgomery as "Cmdr. Brickley."

    I was sorely disappointed when I learned, a couple years ago, that "They Were Expendable" was not released until December 1945. Meaning we will miss Bosley Crowther's review.

  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 4:29:54 AM PDT · 9 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/28.htm

    October 28th, 1944 (SATURDAY)

    NORTH SEA: U-1060 (Type VIIF) Not a combat vessel but a torpedo transport (operating mainly to the Norwegian bases) is sunk in the North Sea south of Bronnøysund, at position 65.24N, 12.00E by rockets and depth charges from aircraft of the British carrier HMS Implacable, a British Halifax T aircraft (Sqn 502) and from a Czechoslovakian Liberator aircraft (Sqn 311/H). 12 dead, 43 survivors.

    WESTERN EUROPE: Forty six USAAF Ninth Air Force B—26 Marauders bomb rail bridges at Sinzig, Kempenich, and Ahrweiler, and airfield at Euskirchen, Germany; fighters escort the bombers, fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance over western Germany, attack six bridges and a tunnel, and support US XIX Corps in Belgium near the German border.

    FRANCE: Near St. Die, Staff Sergeant Lucian Adams, U.S. Army, 30th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division, braves the concentrated fire of German machine guns in a lone assault armed with a borrowed BAR, he kills 9 Germans, eliminates three machine gun nests and clears woods of the enemy. (MOH) (Drew Philip Halevy)

    General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force, issues a directive for a November offensive, calling for the destruction of the Germans west of the Rhine, establishment of bridgeheads across the river, and a drive into Germany.

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, one company of the 357th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division, makes a diversionary attack north of Hôtel de Ville in Maizières-lès-Metz, while three companies enter the factory area in preparation for an attack.

    The U.S. Sixth Army Group issues a letter of instruction for the reduction of Germans west of the Rhine and the capture of Strasbourg. In the U.S. Seventh Army’s XV Corps area, the Germans make a limited withdrawal, during the night of 28/29 October, pulling back to the line Leintrey-Blemerey.

    During the night of 28/29 October, the USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 692: three B-17 Flying Fortresses and six B-24 Liberators drop leaflets over the country.

    BELGIUM: A German V-1 “buzz bomb” lands in Antwerp killing 71 persons and destroying 40 homes. Antwerp suffered the most from the V-1 and V-2 missiles.

    NETHERLANDS: West of Venlo, the Allies counterattack and regain ground captured by German Parachute troops.

    In the Canadian First Army’s British I Corps area, the U.S. 104th Infantry Division takes Rijsbergen, about halfway between Zundert and Breda, and pushes toward the Roosendaal-Breda highway.

    In the British Second Army’s XII Corps area, Tilburg falls to Dempsey’s 15th Division. In the VIII Corps area, the U.S. 7th Armored Division begins a two-pronged attack to recover Meijel, Combat Command B driving southeast along the Deurn-Meijel highway and Combat Command R task force moving along the Asten-Meijel road. Small gains are made against severe opposition.
    During the day, RAF Bomber Command sends 277 aircraft, 155 Halifaxes, 86 Lancasters and 36 Mosquitos, to carry out raids on gun positions at five places on the rim of the newly flooded island of Walcheren: 71 hit Westkapelle, 68 bomb Domberg, 49 attack Flushing, 38 hit Oostkapelle and 35 bomb Dishoek. Most of the bombing appears to be successful. A Halifax and a Lancaster are lost.

    GERMANY: The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 691: 382 B-17 Flying Fortresses and 217 fighters are dispatched on PFF attacks on marshalling yards (M/Ys) in Germany; three bombers and two fighters are lost. The targets are the Hamm M/Y hit by 185 B-17s and the M/Y at Munster bombed by 177 B-17s. One B-17 hits a target of opportunity.

    Nineteen USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-17s bomb the marshalling yard at Munich.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 733 aircraft to bomb Cologne; 623 bomb the city with the loss of six aircraft. The bombing took place in two separate waves and the local report confirms that enormous damage is caused. The districts of Mülheim and Zollstock, northeast and southwest of the centre respectively, become the centre of the two raids and are both devastated. Much damage is caused to power stations, railways and harbour installations on the Rhine.

    During the night of 28/29 October, 30 RAF Bomber Command Mosquitos bomb a chemical plant in Cologne, four hit Karlsruhe and three attack Rheine.

    U-2345 launched.

    U-2540 and U-4702 laid down.

    EAST PRUSSIA: The Soviet advance into the Goldap area is brought to a standstill by the tenacious resistance of 4.Armee.

    AUSTRIA: Bad weather again limits operations by the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force: 11 B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb two targets: ten B-17s hit an aircraft factory at Klagenfurt and one bombs Erlasback.

    NORWAY: During the night of 28/29 October, RAF Bomber Command sends 237 Lancasters and seven Mosquitos to attack the U-boat pens at Bergen. Clear conditions are forecast for the target area, although there are some doubts about this. Unfortunately the area is found to be cloud-covered. The Master Bomber tries to bring the force down below 5,000 feet (1 524 meters) but clouds are still encountered and he orders the raid to be abandoned after only 51 Lancasters have bombed. Three Lancasters are lost. Meanwhile, ten Lancasters lay mines off Oslo without loss.

    BULGARIA: The government signs an armistice with the Allies. By its terms, Bulgaria will relinquish portions of Greece and Yugoslavia acquired in 1941, make certain

    reparations yet to be determined, and place their armed forces at the disposal of the Soviet high command.

    U.S.S.R.: MOSCOW: The USSR-Bulgaria armistice is signed. Bulgarian troops will now operate under Soviet command. Text

    YUGOSLAVIA: The partisans announce the capture of Split, capital of Dalmatia and Adriatic port, to Partisan forces.

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army’s IV Corps area, Regimental Combat Team 6 of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force outflanks Gallicano, in the Serchio Valley. The II Corps, now greatly understrength after six weeks of hard fighting, is ordered in writing to halt offensive and establish defensive positions.

    In the British Eighth Army’s V Corps area, the Indian 10th Division crosses more elements over the Ronco River during the night of 28/29 October and begins an attack from the bridgehead south of Meldola.

    Bad weather again grounds USAAF Twelfth Air Force medium bombers, and restricts the XXII Tactical Air Command; fighter-bombers and fighters, flying 65 sorties, attack vehicles and trains in the Turin-Milan-Genoa area.

    CHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force fighters strafe villages, troops, and horses in the Menghsu-Konghow area, pound bridges around Kaotienhsu, and hit Yangtong Airfield and Wuchou.

    BURMA: Chinese forces capture Myothit.

    In the Northern Combat Area Command (NCAC) area, the Chinese 38th Division encounters patrols from Japanese outpost line along the Taping River near Bhamo but routs them in order to reach the river at Myothit. Two regiments are to make wide enveloping maneuver in order to turn the Japanese line.

    Over 80 USAAF Tenth Air Force fighter-bombers attack numerous targets including town areas, troops, railroad facilities, and a variety of targets of opportunity at Mannaun, Manoi, Sinkan, Winwa, Man Mao, Myazedi, Pinwe, Naba, Yebawgyi, and Kangon.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force fighters strafe shipping at Hongay.

    THAILAND: A Japanese transport is sunk and another heavily damaged by two human torpedoes (Mk.II “Terry Chariots”), LXXIX and LXXX, launched from the British submarine HMS/M Trenchant (P 331), in Phuket Harbor. The two Chariots are scuttled.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: Admirals Davison and Bogan relieve Admiral Sherman with their task groups of US TF 38 in air ops over Luzon. Today and tomorrow they will destroy almost 100 Japanese aircraft for a loss of 15 US aircraft. The carrier USS Intrepid is hit during a Kamikaze attack.
    Near Dagami, Leyte, Philippine Islands the US attacks make slow progress with heavy losses. On the north end of Leyte, the US 1st Cavalry Division is held up by fierce Japanese resistance near Carigara.

    In the X Corps area on Leyte, the 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division drives through Alangalang to the Mainit River and dislodges the Japanese from steel bridges spanning it. The 19th Infantry Regiment, blocks a road north of the Binahaan River near Macalpe and establishes a perimeter at Tingib. The 2d Cavalry Brigade is ordered to advance on Carigara; the 8th Cavalry Regiment is to establish a base at San Miguel, secure Cavite, and patrol as far north and northwest as Barugo road; the 7th Cavalry Regiment, while holding positions at Santa Cruz and Babatngon, is to concentrate in the Barugo-Carigara area and patrol south and southeast. A troop of the 7th Cavalry Regiment moves by water from Babatngon to Barugo and overland to Carigara, where a prolonged fire fight ensues and withdraws to Barugo late in the afternoon. In the XXIV Corps area, the 382d Infantry Regiment, 96th Infantry Division, finishes clearing Tabontabon and continues toward Kiling. The 381st Infantry Regiment begins an attack on the eastern slopes of Catmon Hill at 1200 hours. A battalion gets almost to Labir Hill, but another battalion receives such accurate fire at the foot of the hill that it pulls back to the vicinity of the line of departure. The 17th Infantry Regiment makes slow progress toward Dagami with the lead battalion suffering heavy casualties.

    USAAF Far East Air Forces (FEAF) B-24 Liberators, fighting bad weather, bomb Puerto Princesa Airfield on Palawan Island.

    EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Forces (FEAF) B-25 Mitchells and P-38 Lightnings attack town of Amboina on Ceram Island.. During the night of 28/29 October, B-24 Liberators bomb the Wilhelmina Docks area on Celebes Island.

    BONIN ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Saipan Island bomb Haha Jima.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Guam Island, bomb Yap Island.

    Fourteen B-29 Superfortresses of the USAAF Twentieth Air Force’s XXI Bomber Command based in the Mariana Islands fly their first combat mission, actually an operational training exercise, against submarine pens on Dublon Island, Truk Atoll; four others, one carrying Brigadier General Haywood S Hansell, Jr, Commanding General XXI Bomber Command, abort; about a third of the bombs fall in the general target area.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Task Group 38.4 (Rear Admiral Ralph E. Davison) bombs Japanese shipping near Cebu, damaging a landing ship off Ormoc, Leyte.

    USN destroyer USS Helm (DD-388), assisted by destroyer USS Gridley (DD-380) and a TBM Avenger of Torpedo Squadron Twenty One (VT-21) in the small aircraft carrier USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24), sinks Japanese submarine I-46, about 129 nautical miles (239 kilometers) east of Tacloban, Leyte, Philippine Islands, in position 10.56N, 127.13E.

    USN destroyer escort USS Eversole (DE-404) is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine HIJMS I-45 about 162 nautical miles (300 kilometers) east-southeast of Tacloban, Leyte, Philippine Islands, in position 10.18N, 127.37E. Eversole is ordered abandoned, and after the men are all in the water, the submarine sand opened fire, then

    dived once more. Five minutes later, there is a tremendous underwater explosion which killed or wounded all of the sailors in the water. Two other escorts rescue 139 wounded survivors. HIJMSI-45 is in turn sunk by destroyer escort USS Whitehurst (DE-634) about 157 nautical miles (290 kilometers) east-southeast of Tacloban in position 10.10N, 127.28E.

    CANADA: Minesweeper HMCS Fort Frances commissioned.

    U.S.A.: The top songs on the popular record charts today are: “I’ll Walk Alone” by Dinah Shore; “Dance with the Dolly” by The Russ Morgan Orchestra (vocal: Al Jennings); “The Trolley Song” by Judy Garland; and “Smoke on the Water” by Red Foley.

    Destroyer minelayers USS Aaron Ward and J William Ditter commissioned.

    Frigate USS Abilene commissioned.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-1226 (Type IXC/40) is lost in the Atlantic, possibly because of a Schnorkel defect. Position not known. 56 dead (all hands lost). (Alex Gordon)

    U-242 sank SS Rigel.

  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 4:28:22 AM PDT · 8 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/28oct44.htm#

    Bulgaria, USSR sign armistice
    Saturday, October 28, 1944 www.onwar.com

    Bulgaria signs the armistice in Moscow [photo at link]

    In Moscow... The USSR-Bulgaria armistice is signed. There are provisions for the integration of Bulgarian troops into the Soviet command system. This has already been established in practice.

    On the Western Front... Allied forces attack the German paratroop forces who advanced the previous day. Troops of the British 2nd Army capture Tilburg, southwest of Arnhem.

    In the Philippines... On Leyte, attacks by US 24th Corps around Dagami make slow progress and suffer heavy losses. To the north, the US 1st Cavalry Division (part of US 10th Corps) encounters heavy resistance near Carigara and is held up. At sea, carrier groups under the command of Admiral Davison and Admiral Bogan conduct air strikes.

  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 4:25:02 AM PDT · 7 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Dutch Base Seized (Middleton) – 2-3
    War News Summarized – 3
    Russians Capture Ruthenian Capital – 4
    Japan is Crippled (Horne, Shallet) – 5
    Admiral Hints Foe Lost 3 Battleships (Teatsorth, Kluckhohn) – 5-6
    Grew Calls Japan to Surrender Now – 6
    Big Isle Below Luzon Won; Japanese on Leyte Routed (Parrott) – 7-8
    A PT ‘Expendable’ Shows Up on Leyte (by Frank Hewlett) – 8
    Leyte: Americans Landing and a Welcome by the Islanders (photos) – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 10-12
    King Promotes Brother in Army and Air Force – 12
    Churchill Reveals 3-Power Talk Plan (by John MacCormac) – 12
  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 4:23:40 AM PDT · 6 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top Ten for the Week of October 28, 1944

    #1 - “You Always Hurt the One You Love” – Mills Brothers
    #2 - “I’ll Walk Alone” – Dinah Shore
    #3 - “Swinging on a Star” – Bing Crosby
    #4– “Too-Ra-Loo-Ra-Loo-Ral” - Bing Crosby
    #5 – “Is You Is or Is You Ain’t (Ma’ Baby)” – Bing Crosby, with the Andrews Sisters
    #6 - “Together” – Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
    #7 - “I’ll Walk Alone” – Mary Martin
    #8 – “Till Then” – Mills Brothers
    #9 – “I’ll Walk Alone” – Martha Tilton
    #10 - “The Trolley Song” – Pied Pipers

  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 4:23:03 AM PDT · 5 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Prime Minister to Minister of War Transport 28 Oct 44

    During the winter it is most important that increased travel facilities should be given to the public, especially the London public, while suffering from the black-out. Could you let me have a report on bus queues, which, as far as I can see, seem to be getting longer, and make me your proposals for alleviating conditions.

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 4:22:18 AM PDT · 4 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from October 23.

     photo 1028-dutch15_zpsab3d5688.jpg

    Stephen E. Ambrose, Band of Brothers

  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 4:20:54 AM PDT · 3 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 4:19:05 AM PDT · 2 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • BRITISH CAPTURE TILBURG, PRESS TRAP ON FOE; OUR FLEET RULES SEAS TO TOKYO, 6 SHIPS LOST (10/28/44)

    10/28/2014 4:18:30 AM PDT · 1 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • WEEKLY GARDEN THREAD VOLUME 43 OCT. 24 2014

    10/27/2014 4:48:40 PM PDT · 48 of 52
    Homer_J_Simpson to greeneyes

    Thank you! These links will keep me busy for a while. I need to work quickly, though. I want to have some seeds in the ground by next weekend.

  • WEEKLY GARDEN THREAD VOLUME 43 OCT. 24 2014

    10/27/2014 3:34:37 PM PDT · 46 of 52
    Homer_J_Simpson to greeneyes
    Greetings - I joined this thread with the hopes of benefiting from freeper gardening expertise.

    I got a 10'X15' plot in a community garden this year and I would like to do some fall/winter produce gardening. We live in the Pajaro Valley on the central California coast. Conditions are much the same as the adjacent Salinas valley. Possible crops are kale, Brussels sprouts, Peas, broccoli, carrots, and others. The space limitation is a factor in what we grow. Another issue is seeds or plants started indoors. Mrs. Homer has instructed me to look into seed tape. I am not familiar with that.

    We probably have another month before the nights start getting seriously cold.

    I would be grateful if anyone else who has had this type of gardening experience gave me the benefit of their experience.

    Regards, Homer

  • U.S. FORMOSA VICTORY RAISES FOE’S LOSS; 10 BATTLESHIPS AMONG 28 CRAFT SMASHED (10/27/44)

    10/27/2014 4:59:19 AM PDT · 10 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to iowamark

    I got careless and omitted the part of the etherington entry that includes the lyrics you posted. Here is the rest of the story:

    There is one sing they do not - by order - play on the British Forces Broadcasting Service in Italy. The German Lili Marlene remains top of the Eighth Army hit parade, with Glenn Miller running a close second. The frowned-upon song (sung to the tune of Lili Marlene) is based on the alleged, and since denied, remark by a British MP, Lady (Nancy) Astor, and runs:

    We are the D-Day dodgers,

    out in Italy.

    - always on the vino,

    always on the spree;

    Eighth Army scroungers

    and their tanks.

    We live in Rome among the Yanks.

    We are the D-Day dodgers,

    In Sunny Italy.

    Sunny Italy it is not. Once again the Eighth Army is faced with a winter which has allied itself with the Germans, while west of the Apennines the US Fifth Army today called off its latest offensive. Despite huge casualty lists - more than 20,000 men have been killed, wounded or taken prisoner since Cassino - the Allied armies here have had little share in the world headlines since the Anzio landings, and are feeling forgotten.

    INDIA: Headquarters USAAF Tenth Air Force is reassigned from Army Air Forces, India-Burma Sector to Army Air Forces, India-Burma Theater.

    CHINA: The Japanese renew their offensive to take U.S. air bases in eastern China (Operation ICHIGO), heading toward Kweilin and Liuchow.

    USAAF Fourteenth Air Force fighters bomb and strafe the town of Mengmao and nearby hill positions, river traffic, troops, and horses from Tanchuk to Tengyun, bridges northeast of Hsinganhsien, the town of Kaotienhsu, troops in the Kweilin area, rail traffic west of Puchi, and airfields at Siangtan and Changsha.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: During the night of 27/28 October, a USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberator on a snooper mission hits Iwo Jima.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: Buri Airfield is captured by the US 7th Division on Leyte. Admiral Shermans task group of US TF 38 strikes Japanese shipping around Luzon, Philippine Islands. Strikes are also sent against Luzon Island. The battleship, USS California is damaged by the Japanese.

    In the U.S. Sixth Army’s X Corps area on Leyte, the 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division, advances to the Mudburon River without opposition. After night-long shelling of Pastrana, the 19th Infantry Regiment enters the town and mops up. In the XXIV Corps area, the 382d Infantry Regiment of the 96th Infantry Division again attacks Tabontabon. Two battalions push through the northwestern part of the town to positions about 1 mile (1,6 kilometers) to the northwest, but a battalion is held up in the town and establishes a night perimeter in center of it. The 383d Infantry Regiment patrols in the vicinity of San Vicente and San Vicente Hill in an effort to locate Japanese positions. The 32d Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, against surprisingly light resistance, clears Buri airstrip by 1130 hours. The 17th Infantry Regiment, reinforced by a platoon of engineers to repair bridges, continues a drive on Dagami, reaching positions some 2,200 yards

    (2 012 meters) south of the town.

    Task Group 38.3 (Rear Admiral Frederick C. Sherman) and TG 38.4 (Rear Admiral Ralph E. Davison) attack Japanese ships and installations in the Visaya Islands and the northern Luzon area.

    Off Leyte, battleship USS California (BB-44) is damaged by strafing; submarine chaser (rescue) PCER-848 is damaged by horizontal bomber; and motor torpedo boat PT-523 is damaged by dive bomber. U.S. freighter SS Benjamin Ide Wheeler is damaged by a kamikaze that crashes the ship, killing one merchant sailor and one of the 27-man Armed Guard (whose heavy gunfire damages the inbound suicider) and sets fire to the gasoline cargo; salvage ship USS Cable (ARS-19) comes alongside and extinguishes the blaze while some of the ship’s complement and passengers are transferred temporarily to nearby amphibious command ship USS Wasatch (AGC-9).

    USN submarine USS Nautilus (SS-168) lands men and supplies on the east coast of Luzon.

    EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators attack Malili and Palopo on Celebes Island.

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: Australian Beauforts again attack Rabaul on New Britain Islands concentrating on targets in the northern part of town.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: Two USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators on armed reconnaissance from Saipan Island bomb Yap Island.

    PACIFIC OCEAN:

    At 0400 hours, two USN submarines sink Japanese merchant vessels. In the East China Sea, USS Burrfish (SS-312) sinks a cargo ship about 185 nautical miles (343 kilometers) north-northeast of Naha, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, in position 29.08N, 128.45E. In the South China Sea, USS Bergall (SS-320) sinks an oiler and a fleet tanker about 89 nautical miles (165 kilometers) north-northeast of Jesselton, British North Borneo, in position 07.17N, 116.45E. (Skip Guidry)

    Navy carrier-based planes sink destroyers HIJMS Fujinami and Shiranui about 29 nautical miles (54 kilometers) north-northwest of Roxas, Panay, Philippine Islands,, in position 12.00N, 122.30E.

    In the Camotes Sea, over 40 USAAF Far East Air Forces fighter-bombers, operating in three waves, hit shipping off Cebu Island and west of Mactan Island in the Philippine Islands. They sink a Japanese motor sail ship off Mactan Island.

    CANADA: Frigate HMCS Fort Erie commissioned.

    U.S.A.:

    Destroyer USS Henderson laid down Seattle, Washington.

    Destroyer minelayer USS Tolman commissioned.

    Destroyer USS Duncan launched.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-319 was commissioned at New York with LTJG Sterling M. Anderson, USCG, as her first commanding officer. She departed New York on 11 December 1944 for the Southwest Pacific where she operated at Finschhafen, Auguson, etc., during the war.

  • U.S. FORMOSA VICTORY RAISES FOE’S LOSS; 10 BATTLESHIPS AMONG 28 CRAFT SMASHED (10/27/44)

    10/27/2014 4:32:01 AM PDT · 7 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/27.htm

    October 27th, 1944 (FRIDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The first Avro Anson Mk XII (NL 153) makes its maiden flight. (22)

    Also the prototype Bristol Buckmaster three-seat advanced trainer, (TJ 714) makes its maiden flight. (22)

    NORTH SEA: German submarine U-1060 (Type VIIF), not a boat but a torpedo transport operating mainly to the Norwegian bases, is driven ashore and grounded about 87 nautical miles (15 kilometers) west-southwest of Bronnøysund, Norway, in position 65.24N, 11.59E after damages by rockets and depth charges from a Firefly Mk. I and two Barracuda Mk. IIs in the British aircraft carrier HMS Implacable (86). The submarine is later destroyed by two RAF Halifax Mk. IIs, aircraft of No. 503 Squadron based at Stornoway, Hebrides Islands, U.K.; and two RAF (B-24) Liberator Mk. Vs, aircraft of No. 311 (Czech) Squadron based at Tain, Ross-shire, Scotland. There are 43 survivors of the 55 men in the sub. (Alex Gordon)

    NETHERLANDS: The Canadian attacks in the Beveland continues. Inland, Bergen-op-Zoom is captured.
    A sharp German counterattack is mounted near Venlo, against the British 2nd Army Sector and British troops capture Tilburg.

    In the Canadian First Army’s II Corps area, forward elements of the Canadian 2d Division reach the Beveland Canal, at the western end of the Beveland Isthmus, and cross during the night of 27/28 October. The 52d Division expands the Baarland bridgehead to Oudelande. In the British I Corps area, Bergen-op-Zoom falls to the Canadian 4th Armoured Division. The 413th Infantry Regiment of the U.S. 104th Infantry Division, assisted by effective artillery preparation and attached British tanks, takes Zundert by storm.

    In the British Second Army’s VIII Corps area, the Germans, following a heavy artillery barrage, open a strong tank-infantry attack toward Asten in an effort to divert Allied strength from the main battle front, penetrating lightly held positions of the U.S. 7th Armored Division along the Canal de Deurne and Canal du Nord, west of Venlo. The Germans take Meijel, near the junction of the two canals, and penetrate the line at Heitrak, on the Meijel- Deurne highway, and near Nederweert. Combat Command A of the U.S. 7th Armored Division seals off the penetration near Nederweert.

    During the night of 27/28 October, eight USAAF Eighth Air Force aircraft drop leaflets over the country.

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, the 357th Infantry Regiment of the 90th Infantry Division, employing four small teams, again attempts in vain to take Hotel de Ville in Maizières-lês-Metz.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army’s VI Corps area, the 3d Infantry Division presses slowly in on St Die against heavy fire. The 36th Infantry Division’s isolated and surrounded battalion (1st Battalion, 141st Infantry Regiment) is too weak to break out, but some progress toward it is made by troops of the 442d Infantry Regiment (Nisei). First efforts to drop supplies by air fail. Subsequent attempts achieve some success.

    In the French First Army area, General Jean Lattre de Tassigny, commander of the First Army, at conference with Lieutenant General Jacob Devers, Commanding General Sixth Army Group, at Vittel, presents his plan for offensive toward Belfort and gains Devers’ approval. The French drive is to coincide with general Allied offensive in November and is to open on the 13th.

    The USAAF XII Tactical Air Command flies supply dropping missions (to VI Corps near Saint-Die).

    GERMANY: Martin Bormann, Head of the Nazi Party Chancellery and private secretary of Chancellor Adolf Hitler, writes to Alfred Rosenberg, Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories, informing him that Hitler has rejected the idea of using clergymen for forced labor.

    During the night of 27/28 October, RAF Bomber Command Mosquitos bomb seven cities without loss: 58 hit Berlin, three each attack Pforzheim and Rheine, two each bomb Dusseldorf and Essen, and one each hit Mannheim and Schweinfurt.

    U-3015 launched.

    U-2539 laid down.

    HUNGARY: Troops of the Soviet Fourth Ukrainian Front take Ungvar (Uzhorod) on the northeastern border. This completes the Soviet conquest of Carpatho-Ukraine (Ruthenia before March 1939).

    LATVIA: A renewed Soviet attacks begins.

    ITALY: As winter sets in the Allied advance bogs down.

    In the U.S. Fifth Army’s British XIII Corps area, the 26th Armoured Brigade Group, following up the German withdrawal on the right flank of the corps, occupies Rocca St. Casciano, on Highway 67.

    In the British Eighth Army’s Polish II Corps area, elements of the 5th Kresowa Division recapture Predappio Nuovo. In the V Corps area, the Indian 10th Division crosses additional elements over the Ronco River during the night of 27/28 October. In the Canadian I Corps area, plans to relieve the Canadian 1st Division and 5th Armoured Division cannot be carried out at this time because of weather conditions. Advance elements of the corps across the Bevano River in the coastal sector are withdrawn.

    Weather curtails operations of the USAAF Twelfth Air Force; fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance in the Genoa-Novi Ligure-Turin area hit communications and transportation targets.

    There is one sing they do not - by order - play on the British Forces Broadcasting Service in Italy. The German Lili Marlene remains top of the Eighth Army hit parade, with Glenn Miller running a close second. The frowned-upon song (sung to the tune of Lili Marlene) is based on the alleged, and since denied, remark by a British MP, Lady (Nancy) Astor, and runs:

  • U.S. FORMOSA VICTORY RAISES FOE’S LOSS; 10 BATTLESHIPS AMONG 28 CRAFT SMASHED (10/27/44)

    10/27/2014 4:31:00 AM PDT · 6 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/27oct44.htm#

    Fighters fly from Philippines
    Friday, October 27, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In the Philippines... On land, the US 7th Division (part of US 24th Corps) captures Buri Airfield. Meanwhile, the Tacloban airstrip, on Leyte, becomes operational and the US 9th Fighter Squadron flies the first mission by Philippines based American fighters since 1942. At sea, a group of 3 carriers commanded by Admiral Sherman attacks Japanese shipping around Luzon, sinking 2 destroyers. There are also air strikes on Luzon. The battleship USS California is damaged.

    On the Eastern Front... In Latvia, new Soviet attacks begin. In Hungary, Soviet 4th Ukrainian Front captures Uzhgorod in the northeast.

    On the Western Front... In the Scheldt, forces of the Canadian 1st Army continue attacks on Beveland and inland. Bergen-op-Zoom is captured. Meanwhile, German forces counterattack the British 2nd Army to the right. Tilburg is captured by British forces.

    From Berlin... Field Marshal von Richthofen, the former commander of the elite close support force Fliegerkorps 8 in France, the Balkans and the Soviet Union, and cousin of the “Red Baron” is forces to retire from the command of Luftflotte 2 in Italy, following brain surgery.

    In Italy... The Allied advance is limited by poor winter weather.

    In Spain... The Spanish Army launches a campaign against Republican resistance forces located in the Pyrenees Mountains.

  • U.S. FORMOSA VICTORY RAISES FOE’S LOSS; 10 BATTLESHIPS AMONG 28 CRAFT SMASHED (10/27/44)

    10/27/2014 4:29:15 AM PDT · 5 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Main Fleet Broken (Horne) – 2-3
    Our Planes Batter Fleeing Warships (Teatsorth) – 3-4
    Japanese Losses May Go Higher in Later Reports, Says Forrestal – 4
    Stimson is Following Pearl Harbor Law; Will Not Seek Any Publicity, He Declares – 4
    Battle Analysts Sound Wary Note (Shalett) – 5
    U.S. Has Lost War, Japanese Declare – 5
    War News Summarized – 5
    U.S. Navy’s Power Strengthened by New Battleships on Duty with Our Fleets (photos) – 6-8
    American Fliers Striking Hong Kong in Surprise Attack (photo) – 9
    M’Arthur Sweeps 15 Towns, Holds 40-Mile Leyte Coast – 10
    Antwerp Fight Hot (MacDonald) – 11-12
    Aachen Refugees Give Aid to Jews (Denny) – 12
    Russians Capture Czechoslovak Hub – 12-13
    1,200 U.S. Bombers Blast Three Reich Cities as RAF Attacks Big German Chemical Plant – 13
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in the Various War Theatres – 15-18
    A Navy Day Filled with Drama (Baldwin) – 18
  • U.S. FORMOSA VICTORY RAISES FOE’S LOSS; 10 BATTLESHIPS AMONG 28 CRAFT SMASHED (10/27/44)

    10/27/2014 4:28:02 AM PDT · 4 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The second excerpt below is continued from October 23.

     photo 1027-main21_zps1209e146.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • U.S. FORMOSA VICTORY RAISES FOE’S LOSS; 10 BATTLESHIPS AMONG 28 CRAFT SMASHED (10/27/44)

    10/27/2014 4:24:59 AM PDT · 3 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • U.S. FORMOSA VICTORY RAISES FOE’S LOSS; 10 BATTLESHIPS AMONG 28 CRAFT SMASHED (10/27/44)

    10/27/2014 4:24:09 AM PDT · 2 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • U.S. FORMOSA VICTORY RAISES FOE’S LOSS; 10 BATTLESHIPS AMONG 28 CRAFT SMASHED (10/27/44)

    10/27/2014 4:23:22 AM PDT · 1 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • U.S. DEFEATS JAPANESE NAVY; ALL FOE’S SHIPS IN ONE FLEET HIT; MANY SUNK; BATTLE CONTINUES (10/26/44)

    10/26/2014 6:07:41 PM PDT · 23 of 26
    Homer_J_Simpson to abb; Squawk 8888

    Canada ping to abb’s 2 replies.

  • U.S. DEFEATS JAPANESE NAVY; ALL FOE’S SHIPS IN ONE FLEET HIT; MANY SUNK; BATTLE CONTINUES (10/26/44)

    10/26/2014 1:05:37 PM PDT · 18 of 26
    Homer_J_Simpson to Colonel_Flagg

    Was he part of Taffy 3?

  • U.S. DEFEATS JAPANESE NAVY; ALL FOE’S SHIPS IN ONE FLEET HIT; MANY SUNK; BATTLE CONTINUES (10/26/44)

    10/26/2014 1:04:43 PM PDT · 17 of 26
    Homer_J_Simpson to eartrumpet
    Wife’s family owns a farm on the San Juanico Strait just out of Babatngon.

    My father's division will be operating in the Carigara Bay region west of Babatngon in a few weeks. Maybe he encountered your wife's family at some point.

  • U.S. DEFEATS JAPANESE NAVY; ALL FOE’S SHIPS IN ONE FLEET HIT; MANY SUNK; BATTLE CONTINUES (10/26/44)

    10/26/2014 4:29:23 AM PDT · 6 of 26
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/26.htm

    October 26th, 1944 (THURSDAY)

    WESTERN EUROPE: There are no USAAF bomber operations as bad weather prevails; fighters sweep areas of eastern France and western Germany from Metz, France to Cologne, Germany, attacking rail and road traffic, rail bridges, and marshalling yards.

    NETHERLANDS: In the Canadian First Army’s II Corps area, the British 52d Division makes an amphibious assault on Beveland from Terneuzen landing on the south coast near Baarland and establishing a bridgehead. The Canadian 2d Division continues to push west along the Beveland Isthmus. The Canadian 3d Division is steadily reducing the Breskens Pocket. .

    In the British Second Army’s XII Corps area, the 53 Division overruns Hertogenbosch.

    FRANCE: Vosges Mountains: 100th/442nd RCT rescues the “Lost Battalion,” which was cut off and surrounded by the enemy. There are 800 Nisei casualties in order to save 211 lives. (Gene Hanson)

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, action at Maizieres-lès-Metz centers about the strongly held Hotel de Ville. The 357th Infantry Regiment, 90th Division, reaches the hotel but is driven back.

    In U.S. Seventh Army’s VI Corps area, the 3d Infantry Division continues toward St Die under exceptionally heavy artillery fire, the 7th Infantry Regiment, in the center, overrunning Les Rouges Eaux. On the left flank of corps, the 45th Infantry Division is clearing Fort d’Housseras and working toward Raon-l’Etape. The 36th Infantry Division, on the southern flank, is relieving its isolated 141st Infantry Regiment force, which begins a drive to the west in an effort to break out.

    GERMANY: The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 689: 1,225 bombers and 674 fighters make PFF attacks on industrial and communications targets in western Germany; one fighter is lost. Targets are: 375 bombers bomb the Hannomag armored forces vehicle factory at Hannover, 242 bomb the Minden Aquaduct, 192 attack the marshalling yard at Munster, 191 bomb an ordnance depot at Bielefeld, 65 hit the Welheim synthetic oil refinery at Bottrop, 36 bomb the Munster area, 35 attack the gas works at Bielefeld, 23 hit the marshalling yard at Gutersloh and two bomb targets of opportunity.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 105 Lancasters to carry out a G-H raid on Leverkusen, with the chemical works as the centre of the intended bombing area; 102 aircraft bomb the target. The raid appeared to proceed well but cloud prevented any observation of the results. No aircraft lost.

    During the night of 26/27 October, nine RAF Bomber Command Lancaster lay mines off the Heligoland Bight with the loss of one aircraft.

    U-3028, U-3528 laid down.

    AUSTRIA: Weather curtails operations of the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force but four B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb the Main marshalling yard at Innsbruck.

    POLAND: Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler issues orders to destroy the crematoriums at Auschwitz-Birkenau in an attempt to eliminate the evidence of Nazi mass murder.

    HUNGARY: Soviet forces of the Fourth and Second Ukrainian Fronts link up near Mukacevo in eastern Hungary.

    ROMANIA: Mukachevo in the southern Carpathian Mountains is the site of a link up between the Second and Fourth Ukraine Fronts in a pincer movement.

    ITALY: Heavy rains and flooding slow operations all along the line. In the U.S. Fifth Army area, the South African 6th Division halts efforts to take Mt. Sole; elements on Hill 501 are virtually isolated. In the II Corps area, a flash flood prevents commitment of 362d Infantry Regiment across the Sillaro River as planned. The 88th and 85th Infantry Divisions are given verbal orders to break off offensive and organize defensive positions on more tenable ground. In the British XIII Corps area, the 17th Brigade of the Indian 8th Division pushes to Lutirano and Tredozio. The 61st Brigade, 6th Armourd Division, after repelling an attack against Orsara and making another futile attempt to take Mt. Taverna, confines its activities to patrolling.

    In the British Eighth Army’s Polish II Corps area, the 5th Kresowa Division, having cleared the Mt. Mirabcllo-Mt. Colombo ridge, sends elements into Predappio Nuovo, on the Rabbi River, but is forced back. In the V Corps area, the Indian 10th Division consolidates bridgeheads across the Ronco River, but the 4th Division is unable to hold on without tank support and suffers heavy losses while withdrawing. Since the river is now in flood, corps operations temporarily come to a standstill. The Canadian I Corps makes little progress because of flooding.

    Weather suspends all USAAF Twelfth Air Force operations.

    CHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators and B-25 Mitchells attack shipping off the east Luichow Peninsula; B-25 Mitchells also hit river shipping from Dosing to Takhing and a Yellow River bridge; fighters attack the town of Menghsu, hit targets of opportunity around Menghsu and Kweiping, and B-25 Mitchells and fighters bomb railroad yards at Hsuchang.

    BURMA: In the Northern Combat Area Command (NCAC) area, the Chinese 22d Division, attacking in the center of the NCAC front, reaches the old Chindit airstrip, BROADWAY, 27 miles (43 kilometers) southeast of Hopin, where it remains for a few days to recover from an arduous march over the hills.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force make an armed reconnaissance attack on Hongay, Vietnam.

    JAPAN: Of six USAAF Eleventh Air Force B-24 Liberators which abort a naval task force cover mission after failing to find the ships, two bomb installations on Onnekotan Island, Kurile Islands.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: US attack Japanese positions on Catmon Hill, north of Dulag, Leyte. Despite initial setbacks, the US forces gain the position in the wake a Japanese withdrawal. Japanese reinforce Leyte from Ormoc.

    On Leyte, the U.S. Sixth Army;s X Corps area, the 24th Infantry Division, having cleared the northern approaches to Leyte Valley, attacks inland. The 34th Infantry Regiment, drives steadily along Highway 2 to Santa Fe. From Castilla, the 19th Infantry Regiment continues to the outskirts of Pastrana, where the entrance into the town is barred by a strong fortress. In the XXIV Corps area, 382d Infantry Regiment of 96th Infantry Division attempts to take Tabontabon, a Japanese supply center, but after reaching the edge of the barrio, they are forced back to the Guinarona River. Division artillery shells the barrio through the night of 26/27 October. The 383d Infantry Regiment conducts a reconnaissance in force against San Vicente Hill, the northern tip of Catmon Hill, but is forced to withdraw. The Japanese withdraw the main body of troops from Catmon Hill. The 32d Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, continue the battle for Buri Airfield through fortifications to positions around edge of the field. The 17th Infantry Regiment attacks with 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions toward Dagami, reaching positions about 600 yards (549 meters) south of Guinarona.

    On Mindanao Island, USAAF Far East Air Forces P-38 Lightnings hit vehicles in the Davao area and B-25 Mitchells bomb Iligan.

    Japanese Admiral Nishamura’s Southern Force and Admiral Shima’s force are attacked by PT Boats and then destroyers during their transit of Surigao Strait. PTs sink 1 cruiser, the destroyers sind battleship Fuso and 3 destroyers. US Admiral Oldendorff’s 6 battleships and 8 cruisers sink battleship Yamashiro and almost wreck Mogami.

    Admiral Kurita’s Northern Force, 4 BBs, 8 CA, 11 DDs, transit San Bernardino Strait and find US TG 77.4.3 (6 CVE, 8 DD) off Samar. Between 7:00 am and 9:00 am the Japanese gradually close despite repeated air strikes from the escort carriers and determined torpedo attacks from the escorting destroyers. After loosing 3 cruisers and facing the determined defence of the carriers, Admiral Kurita begins to retire. Some tactical errors of ship handling contribute to his situation. He misses his chance at the invasion ships off Leyte and believes he has sunk several fleet carriers, in fact 3 destroyers and 1 escort carrier are sunk, others damaged.

    A Japanese air strike against the 3 escort carrier groups sinking 4 escort carriers and damaging 3. These are the first significant, premeditated suicide attacks that will become known as Kamikaze attacks.

    US Admiral Halsey has TF 38, fast fleet carriers, and TF 34, fast battleships, north to intercept Japanese Admiral Ozawa’s decoy force of carriers. Hearing the news of the Battle off Samar, Halsey returns, too late to assist. He leaves 2 carrier groups to strike the Japanese carriers, sinking Zuiho and Zuikaku with 2 destroyers and a cruiser. 3 other cruisers of various retiring Japanese forces are sunk by air strikes during the day.

    The Battle of Leyte Gulf is over, including the Battle off Samar and the Battle of Cape Engano.

    The US ships sunk on 25 October during the Battle of Leyte Gulf are:
    ESCORT AIRCRAFT CARRIERS (CVE)
    USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73)

    USS St Lo (CVE-63)

    DESTROYERS (DD)

    USS Hoel (DD-533)

    USS Johnston (DD-557)

    DESTROYER ESCORTS (DE)

    USS Eversole (DE-404)

    USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413)

    The light aircraft carrier USS Princeton (CVL-23) was sunk off Luzon on 24 October.

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: Eighteen Australian Beauforsts attack Rabaul on New Britain Island. The targets are supply dumps near Tobera Airfield and antiaircraft positions.

    NEW GUINEA: USAAF Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs and B-25 Mitchells bomb Utarom (Kaimana) Aerodrome in Dutch New Guinea.

    EAST INDIES: On Halmahera Island, USAAF Fifth Air Force P-40s attack targets of opportunity in the Dodinga-Kaoe Bay area, Djailolo (Djailolo No. 1, No. 2) Aerodrome, a supply area south of Galela, and guns south of Doro.

    NAURU ISLAND: Fifteen USAAF Seventh Air Force Mitchells based in the Gilbert Islands, bomb the airfield area on Nauru Island. Nauru Island is a 21 square kilometer (8 square mile) island in the South Pacific Ocean, located about halfway between the Gilbert and Solomon Islands. The island is rich in phosphate deposits and was occupied by the Japanese on 25 August 1942.

    SOLOMON ISLANDS: At Stirling Airfield (Coronus Strip) on Stirling Island in the Treasury Islands, In the Russell Islands, the last attack in a month long demonstration of the Interstate TDR-1 assault drone is made by Special Task Air Group (STAG-1), thereby concluding the first use of the guided missile in the Pacific. During the demonstration a total of 46 drones are expended, of which 29 reach the target areas: two attack a lighthouse on Cape St. George, New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago, making one hit which demolishes the structure; nine attack anti-aircraft emplacements on beached ships achieving six direct hits and two near misses; and 18 attacked other targets in the Shortland Islands and Rabaul areas making 11 hits.

    PACIFIC OCEAN:

    0200 hours: USS Sea Fox (SS-402) sinks a cargo ship at 29-05 N, 127-40 E.

    0400 hours: USS Drum (SS-228) sinks a passenger-cargo ship and a cargo ship at 19-30 N, 120-44 E and 19-97 N, 120-42 E.

    0700 hours: USS Drum (SS-228) sinks an armed transport at 19-07 N, 120-42 E.

    0700 hours: USS Icefish (SS-367) sinks a cargo ship at 19-07 N, 120-42 E. (Skip Guidry)

    Special Task Air Group One makes last attack in month long demonstration of TDR drone missile against Japanese shipping and islands in the Pacific. Of 46 missiles fired, 29 reached their target areas.

    CANADA:

    Corvette HMCS La Malbaie departed Londonderry for refit at Liverpool, Nova Scotia.

    Corvette HMCS Lachute commissioned.

    U.S.A.: Submarine USS Brill commissioned.

    A secret OSS report originating in Stockholm stated that a U-boat carrying a V-1 was about to sail on a mission to attack New York.

  • U.S. DEFEATS JAPANESE NAVY; ALL FOE’S SHIPS IN ONE FLEET HIT; MANY SUNK; BATTLE CONTINUES (10/26/44)

    10/26/2014 4:28:06 AM PDT · 5 of 26
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/26oct44.htm#

    Germans escape Red Army pincers
    Thursday, October 26, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Eastern Front... The pincer attacks of the Soviet 2nd and 4th Ukrainian Fronts link up at Mukachevo in the southern Carpathian foothills, near Uzhgorod. The German 8th Army (Wohler), Part of German Army Group South, is successfully withdrawn to the west bank of the upper Theiss River.

    On the Western Front... In the Scheldt, the British 52nd Division land on the south side of Beveland, near Baarland. There is heavy German resistance. The Canadian 2nd Division continues to attack along the Beveland Isthmus. Meanwhile, the US 7th Army continues to fight for St. Die.

    In the Philippines... On land, elements of US 24th Corps unsuccessfully attack Japanese positions on Catmon Hill, north of Dulag. The defenders fall back after the battle. Japanese reinforcements arrive at Ormoc. At sea, American air attacks continue to harass the retiring Japanese squadrons. Three Japanese cruisers are sunk.

  • U.S. DEFEATS JAPANESE NAVY; ALL FOE’S SHIPS IN ONE FLEET HIT; MANY SUNK; BATTLE CONTINUES (10/26/44)

    10/26/2014 4:27:10 AM PDT · 4 of 26
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Battleship is Sunk (Horne) – 2-3
    President Elated (Lewis) – 4
    Carrier Princeton Active in Battles – 5
    United States Carrier Sunk in the Pacific (photo) – 5
    ’17 Hours of Hell’ Raised in Sea Battle Off Leyte (by Ralph Teatsorth and William J. Dunn, first-time contributors) – 5-6
    Americans Make Big Leyte Jumps – 6
    Air Plant in Japan Smashed by B-29’s – 7
    War News Summarized – 7
    Allies Cut Up Foe in West Holland (Daniel) – 8
    British Clean Up ‘s Hertogenbosch (MacDonald) – 9
    Russians Invade North Norway; Take Kirkenes in Wide Advance (by W.H. Lawrence) – 9-10
    British Chase Foe 30 Miles in Greece – 10
    Emptying Out after Digging In (photo) – 10
    2,200 Big Bombers Rock Reich in Day – 11
    The Naval Showdown in the Pacific (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 12
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 13-16
    Currency Crisis Fought in Europe – 16
  • U.S. DEFEATS JAPANESE NAVY; ALL FOE’S SHIPS IN ONE FLEET HIT; MANY SUNK; BATTLE CONTINUES (10/26/44)

    10/26/2014 4:25:51 AM PDT · 3 of 26
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • U.S. DEFEATS JAPANESE NAVY; ALL FOE’S SHIPS IN ONE FLEET HIT; MANY SUNK; BATTLE CONTINUES (10/26/44)

    10/26/2014 4:24:54 AM PDT · 2 of 26
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • U.S. DEFEATS JAPANESE NAVY; ALL FOE’S SHIPS IN ONE FLEET HIT; MANY SUNK; BATTLE CONTINUES (10/26/44)

    10/26/2014 4:24:21 AM PDT · 1 of 26
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • U.S. PLANES ATTACK 2 BIG JAPANESE FLEETS; SHOWDOWN BATTLE LIKELY IN PHILIPPINES (10/25/44)

    10/25/2014 7:01:48 PM PDT · 25 of 28
    Homer_J_Simpson to fso301

    The FB friend suspects it is staged for the camera. I am beginning to think he is right.

  • U.S. PLANES ATTACK 2 BIG JAPANESE FLEETS; SHOWDOWN BATTLE LIKELY IN PHILIPPINES (10/25/44)

    10/25/2014 12:37:04 PM PDT · 21 of 28
    Homer_J_Simpson to fso301
    I’d be interested in seeing the original p11 photo of the GIs and the knocked out tank in the ditch. Something strikes me as suicidal about firing a bazooka at that range from an exposed position.

    My FB friend came through. I speculated over there as to whether the bazooka man just fired a second shot, since it looks like the tank was already in the ditch with a tread off. It might have been farther away for the first shot.

     photo 1025-halsey30_zpsebbc4587.jpg
  • U.S. PLANES ATTACK 2 BIG JAPANESE FLEETS; SHOWDOWN BATTLE LIKELY IN PHILIPPINES (10/25/44)

    10/25/2014 7:10:19 AM PDT · 19 of 28
    Homer_J_Simpson to fso301

    I put in a request with the facebook World War II 70th Anniversary group administrator who manages to find the originals of many of the photos I post.

  • U.S. PLANES ATTACK 2 BIG JAPANESE FLEETS; SHOWDOWN BATTLE LIKELY IN PHILIPPINES (10/25/44)

    10/25/2014 5:03:46 AM PDT · 7 of 28
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/25.htm

    October 25th, 1944 (WEDNESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Shortly after take off from a base England, the pilot of the 486th BG, USAAF, B-17 “Deepseat - Baker” was informed that a ground man, a Corporal, had stowed away on board. The pilot radioed the Air Leader for advice and was told to continue the emission as there was flight clothing aboard and an oxygen mask in the bomber. The Corporal was originally in a distressed state but appeared to settle down in the rear fuselage.

    When the bomber had reached 19,000 feet on its way to the target, and while the waist gunner was looking out his window, the stowaway suddenly released the side door and jumped out. He was not wearing a parachute. (Skip Guidry)

    NETHERLANDS: US troops attack the German pocket south of Maas. In the Canadian First Army’s II Corps area, the Canadian 2d Division, working slowly west along the Beveland Isthmus, reaches Rilland. In the British I Corps area, the U.S. 104th Infantry Division drives north with three regiments abreast toward Zundert.

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Seventh Army’s XV Corps area, the 44th Infantry Division withstands repeated counterattacks against its positions east of Forét de Parroy. The French 2d Armoured Division is ordered to attack on the right flank of the corps in support of the VI Corps before 1 November. In VI Corps area, the 36th Infantry Division attempts in vain to relieve an isolated battalion of the 141st Infantry Regiment north of La Houssière.

    Headquarters, USAAF First Tactical Air Force (Provisional) is established, but not yet organized, therefore Headquarters Ninth Air Force continues to administer, supply, and control all XII Tactical Air Command and assigned units until mid- November when the First Tactical Air Force assumes full control. The First Tactical Air Force (First TACAF) is assigned to the U.S. Strategic Air Forces in Europe which has some operational control of the Eighth and Fifteenth Air Forces and some administrative control of the Eighth and Ninth Air Forces. Composed of both French Air Force and USAAF units, the new air force will provide tactical air support for the U.S. Seventh Army in southern France.

    GERMANY: Berlin: Himmler orders the Reich Anatomical Institute’s collection of Jewish death camp victims’ skeletons to be destroyed.

    The USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 688: 1,250 bombers and 522 fighters are dispatched to hit oil and industrial targets in western Germany; two bombers and a fighter are lost: 718 aircraft hit the Rhenania oil refinery at Hamburg, 216 bomb the Bf 109 repair facility at Neumunster, 92 bomb the Buer and 27 hit the Nordstern synthetic oil refineries at Gelsenkirchen, 100 attack the marshalling yard at Hamm, 37 bomb the marshalling yard at Munster, and six aircraft attack targets of opportunity.

    Shortly after take off from their base at Subury, Suffolk, England, the pilot of the USAAF Eighth Air Force’s 486th Bombardment Group (Heavy) B-17 Flying Fortress named “Deepseat - Baker” is informed that a ground man, a Corporal, has stowed away on board. The pilot radios the Air Leader for advice and is told to continue the mission as there is flight clothing aboard and an oxygen mask in the bomber. The Corporal is originally in a distressed state but appears to settle down in the rear fuselage. When the bomber has reached 19,000 feet (5 791 meters) on its way to the target, and while the waist gunners are looking out the windows, the stowaway suddenly releases the side door and jumps out. He is not wearing a parachute. (Skip Guidry)

    USAAF Ninth Air Force’s 9th Bombardment Division’s missions are cancelled because of bad weather. Fighters fly sweeps, hit rail and military targets in the Saarbrucken area, and support the U.S. XIX Corps in western Germany.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command sends 771 aircraft, 508 Lancasters, 251 Halifaxes and 12 Mosquitos, to attack Essen; 740 aircraft bomb the city withe the loss of two Halifaxes and two Lancasters. The bombing is aimed at skymarkers, because the target area is covered by cloud. The Bomber Command report states that the attack became scattered, but the local Essen report shows that more buildings are destroyed, 1,163, than in the heavier night attack which had taken place 36 hours previously. A photographic reconnaissance flight which took place after this raid shows severe damage to the remaining industrial concerns in Essen, particularly to the Krupps steelworks. Some of the war industry has already moved to small, dispersed factories but the coal mines and steelworks of the Ruhr are still important. The Krupps steelworks are particularly hard-hit by the two raids and there are references in the firm’s archives to the “almost complete breakdown of the electrical supply network” and to “a complete paralysis.” The Borbeck pig-iron plant ceases work completely and there is no record of any further production from this important section of Krupps. Much of Essen’s surviving industrial capacity is now dispersed and the city lost its role as one of Germany’s most important centres of war production. A second target is the Meerbeck synthetic oil plant at Homberg. A total of 243 aircraft, 199 Halifaxes, 32 Lancasters and 12 Mosquitos are dispatched to this target and 228 attack without loss. The target is covered by cloud and bombing is scattered in the early stages but later became more concentrated on the skymarkers. No aircraft are lost.

    U-1306, U-2523, U-3014 launched.

    U-3527 laid down.

    AUSTRIA: Weather again interferes with USAAF Fifteenth Air Force operations and only seven B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb three targets: three each bomb the Main marshalling yard at Innsbruck an aircraft factory at Klagenfurt while one hits the marshalling yard at St. Viet.

    NORWAY: Soviet units capture Kirkenes. There is support from Soviet naval units in this far north campaign.

    YUGOSLAVIA: During the night of 25/26 October, 25 bombers of RAF’s No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group fly supplies to the partisans.

    ITALY: The British V Corps reaches the River Ronco.

    In U.S. Fifth Army area, elements of the South African 6th Armoured Division wade Setta Creek and take Hill 501, below Mt. Sole. In the II Corps area, further efforts to deepen the Mt. Grande salient, during the night of 25/26 October, are costly failures. In the British XIII Corps area, the 61st Brigade of the 6th Armoured Division gets elements to Mt. Taverna, night of 25/26 October, but withdraws them because of tenuous supply situation.

    In the British Eighth Army area, V Corps reaches the Ronco River from heights across from Meldola to Highway 9. The 4th Division takes Forlimpopoli without a fight. In an attack across the Ronco River during the night of 25/26 October, the Indian 10th Division establishes small bridgeheads south and north of Meldola and the 4th Division crosses two companies northwest of Selbagnone and two others at Highway 9. The Canadian I Corps continues to pursue Germans toward the Ronco River, with coastal elements reaching the Bevano River.

    Weather continues to ground USAAF Twelfth Air Force medium bombers; fighter-bombers attack guns, vehicles, and communications in the battle area south of Bologna while fighters destroy 20+ locomotives in the Piacenza area. .

    ROMANIA: Transylvania is completely cleared by Soviet advances.

    CHINA: Seven USAAF Fourteenth Air Force P-38 Lightnings and P-51 Mustangs hit the Mongyu bridges and destroy the Kawnghka bridge; four others strafe Nawnghkio Airfield; 20+ P-51s and P-40s on armed reconnaissance attack targets of opportunity at Tengyun, Kweiping, and Ssuanghsu, and about 50 strike targets throughout the Menghsu area.

    BURMA: Subadar Ram Sarup Singh (b.1919), 1st Punjab Regt., led his platoon in seizing an objective and then repelling a fierce attack. Already shot, he went on until he was fatally wounded. (Victoria Cross)

    The Northern Combat Area Command’s (NCAC’s) offensive continues against light resistance. The 29th Brigade of the British 36th Division, which has progressed 23 miles (37 kilometers) from Namma against negligible opposition, skirmishes with the Japanese in the Mawpin area.

    THAILAND: Six USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells and four P-38 Lightnings damage railroad tracks at Dara bridge.

    JAPAN: Fifty nine USAAF XX Bomber Command B-29 Superfortresses, flying out of Chengtu, China, bomb an aircraft plant at Omura on Kyushu; several other B-29s hit alternate targets and targets of opportunity.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: Twenty nine USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb Iwo Jima during the morning.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The US 1st Cavalry Division continues its advance in the NE of Leyte. To the south US advances are held up due to lack of supply.

    In the U.S. Sixth Army’s area on Leyte, patrol contact is established between X and XXIV Corps at 1430 hours. In the X Corps area, on northern Leyte, Japanese aircraft attack Babatngon harbor. The 1st Squadron of the 7th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division, during the next few days explores the coast of Carigara Bay and finds few Japanese there. In the Palo area, the 3d Battalion of 34th Infantry Regiment takes Hill C. The 2d Battalion, 19th Infantry Regiment, gains the crest of Hill B after Japanese defenders have followed their customary practice of retiring from it for the night. The 1st Battalion, 19th, takes Hill 85. Reduction of these heights clears the entrance into the northern Leyte Valley. 3d Battalion, 19th Infantry Regiment, starts toward Pastrana, reaching Castilla. In the XXIV Corps area, a patrol of the 383d Infantry Regiment, 96th Infantry Division, moves north through Tanauan and makes contact with Company K of the 19th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division. Company K, reinforced, attacks Tabontabon but withdraws when it finds the town too strongly held to take. The 382d Infantry Regiment seizes Aslom and Kanmonhag. After preparatory bombardment, 2d and 3d Battalions of the 32d Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, preceded by tanks, continue their attack toward Buri airstrip. The 3d Battalion reaches the edge of the airfield but the 2d is halted by elaborate defenses at edge of woods to the north. The 17th Infantry Regiment, opposed from a ridge north of Burauen and east of the road to Dagami, makes limited advance while concentrating for another drive toward Dagami, clearing the eastern spur of the ridge and probing the road to barrio of Buri.

    USN submarine USS Nautilus (SS-168) lands men and supplies on the east coast of Luzon.

    The Battle of Leyte Gulf continues with the sinking of the USS Midway (CVE-63). (Ken Friedman)

    The battleship USS Mississippi shuts down its big guns just after 4.09am, presumably the last main battery battleship to battleship round. (Stanley Sandler)

    The Battle for Leyte Gulf continues as Task Group 77.2 (TG 77.2) with six battleships, four heavy cruisers (one Australian), four light cruisers and 28 destroyers (one Australian) under Rear Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf, augmented by TG 77.3 [Australian heavy cruiser, two light cruisers and 13 destroyers (one Australian)] under Rear Admiral Russell S. Berkey) and TG 70.1 (39 motor torpedo boats) execute the classic maneuver of “crossing the tee” of the Japanese “Southern Force” (Vice Admiral NISHIMURA Shoji and Vice Admiral SHIMA Kiyohide) in the Battle of Surigao Strait. The PT boats begin the action against the Japanese ships. PT-137 torpedoes light cruiser HIJMS Abukuma, but PT-493 is sunk by Japanese secondary battery gunfire. The destroyers then attack; USS McDermut (DD-677) sinks destroyer HIJMS Yamagumo about 53 nautical miles (98 kilometers) south-southeast of Tacloban, Leyte, and damages destroyers HIJMS Asagumo and Michisio. Subsequently, light cruiser USS Denver (CL-58) sinks HIJMS Asagumo at entrance of Surigao Strait about 73 nautical miles (136 kilometers) south-southeast of Tacloban. Destroyer Squadron 24 (DESRON 24) enters the fray and USS Hutchins (DD-476) sinks destroyer HIJMS Michisio about 54 nautical miles (101 kilometers) south-southeast of Tacloban; DESRON 56 attacks; USS Albert W. Grant (DD-649) is damaged by both friendly and Japanese gunfire at this phase of the battle. Two Australian warships take part in this fleet action, heavy cruiser HMAS Shropshire (83) in TG 77.3 and destroyer HMAS Arunta I 30) in DESRON 24, that see the destruction of battleships HIJMS Fuso and Yamashiro about 53 nautical miles (98 kilometers) south-southeast of Tacloban. Heavy cruiser HIJMS Mogami and destroyer Shigure are damaged.

    Meanwhile, the “Center Force” (Vice Admiral KURTIA Takeo), which includes four battleships and five heavy cruisers, having passed into the Philippine Sea during the night, surprises the Escort Carrier Group, TG 77.4 (Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague), off Samar. Kurita’s force wreaks havoc on the six escort aircraft carriers, three destroyers, and four destroyer escorts of TU 77.4.3 (northernmost carrier force) (Rear Admiral Clifton A. F. Sprague). In this battle, which becomes a precipitate flight in the face of an overwhelming Japanese force, Kurita’s ships inflict severe damage but emerge bloodied by the Homeric efforts of the “small boys” (destroyers and destroyer escorts) and planes from the escort aircraft carriers (CVEs) that compel Kurita to retire, inexplicably, without destroying the CVEs and their consorts in detail. In the Battle off Samar, Japanese surface gunfire sinks destroyers USS Hoel (DD-533) about 88 nautical miles (163 kilometers) east of Tacloban, Leyte; Johnston about 65 nautical miles (120 kilometers) east of Tacloban; and destroyer escort USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413) about 71 nautical miles (131 kilometers) east of Tacloban; and damages destroyer USS Heermann (DD-523) and destroyer escort USS Dennis (DE-405). USS Johnston damages heavy cruiser HIJMS Kumano before being sunk.

    Japanese surface gunfire (either battleship HIJMS Haruna or Kongo) straddles the escort aircraft carrier USS White Plains (CVE-66), St.Lo (CVE-63), and Kitkun Bay (CVE- 71) but scores no direct hits. Heavy cruisers HIJMS Chikuma, Haguro, and Chokai; light cruiser HIJMS Noshiro; and a destroyer sink escort aircraft carrier Gambier Bay (CVE-73) about 69 nautical miles (128 kilometers) east-southeast of Tacloban; the ship capsizes and sinks at 0907 hours; nearly 800 sailors are rescued. Japanese surface gunfire also damages the escort aircraft carriers USS Fanshaw Bay (CVE-70) and Kalinin Bay (CVE-68); the latter claims one hit on a Japanese heavy cruiser with her single 5-inch (12,7 centimeter) gun. Navy carrier-based aircraft damage battleships HIJMS Kongo (from near-misses) and Yamato and heavy cruisers HIJMS Chikuma, Chokai, and Suzuya.

    Subsequently, Japanese planes attack the escort aircraft carriers of TU 77.4.1 (Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague). USS Suwannee (CVE-27) is damaged by kamikazes, and Santee (CVE-29) by suicide plane and Japanese submarine HIJMS I-56. Kamikazes near-miss escort aircraft carriers USS Sangamon (CVE-26) and Petrof Bay (CVE-80) while destroyer escort USS Richard M. Rowell is damaged by strafing.

    Following its ordeal off Samar, TU 77.4.3 (Rear Admiral Clifton A.F. Sprague) comes under Japanese air attack. Kamikazes sink the escort aircraft carrier USS St.Lo (CVE-63) about 69 nautical miles (128 kilometers) east-southeast of Tacloban; one plane crashed through her flight deck at 1051 hours, and explodes her torpedo and bomb magazine, setting the ship on fire and she sinks about 30 minutes later. USS Kalinin Bay (CVE-68) and Kitkun Bay (CVE-71) are also damaged by Kamikazes.

    In the Battle off Cape Engano, Luzon, carrier aircraft from the Third Fleet (Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr.) strike the Japanese “Northern Force” (Vice Admiral OZAWA Jisaburo). Planes from aircraft carriers USS Essex (CV-9) and Lexington (CV-16) sink Japanese carriers HIJMS Zuikaku Chitose about 218 nautical miles (404 kilometers) east-northeast of Aparri on northern Luzon, Philippine Islands; aircraft carrier HIJMS Chiyoda, damaged by planes from aircraft carriers USS Lexington (CV-16) and Franklin (CV-13) and small aircraft carrier Langley (CVL-27), is sunk by heavy cruisers USS New Orleans (CA-32) and Wichita (CA-45) and light cruisers USS Santa Fe (CL-60) and Mobile (CL-63) about 292 nautical miles (540 kilometers) east of Aparri. The aircraft carrier HIJMS Zuiho is sunk by planes from Essex (CV-9), Franklin (CV-13), Lexington (CV-16), Enterprise (CV-6), and small aircraft carrier USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) about 247 nautical miles (457 kilometers) east-northeast of Aparri.

    U.S. aircraft, during the Battle for Leyte Gulf, damage Japanese battleships HIJMS Yamato and Nagato and heavy cruiser HIJMS Myoko in San Jose Strait; battleship HIJMS Haruna, east of Samar; light cruiser HIJMS Yahagi off Leyte; destroyer HIJMS Kiyoshimo off Leyte. Heavy cruiser HIJMS Chikuma, damaged by carrier-based aircraft (TU 77.4.2) off Samar, is scuttled by destroyer HIJMS Nowaki about 72 nautical miles (133 kilometers) east of Tacloban, Leyte; heavy cruiser HIJMS Suzuya, damaged by carrier- based aircraft off Samar, is scuttled by destroyer Okinami about 88 nautical miles (162 kilometers) east-northeast of Tacloban; heavy cruiser HIJMS Chokai, damaged by carrier-based aircraft (TU 77.4.2) off Samar, is scuttled by destroyer Fujinami about 71 nautical miles (132 kilometers) east of Tacloban; heavy cruiser HIJMS Mogami, damaged by heavy cruisers USS Minneapolis (CA-36), Portland (CA-33), Louisville (CA-28), light cruisers USS Columbia (CL-56) and Denver (CL-58), and collision with Japanese heavy cruiser HIJMS Nachi, south of Bohol Island, is scuttled by destroyer HIJMS Akebono about 60 nautical miles (112 kilometers) northwest of Butuan, Mindanao; light cruiser HIJMS Tama is sunk by aircraft from USS Essex (CV-9) and Lexington (CV-16) and submarine USS Jallao (SS-368) about 166 nautical miles (308 kilometers) northeast of Aparri, Luzon; destroyer HIJMS Hatsuzuki is sunk by the gunfire of four heavy cruisers and 12 destroyers about 85 nautical miles (158 kilometers) northeast of Aparri; and submarine USS Halibut (SS-232) sinks Japanese destroyer HIJMS Akizuki about 99 nautical miles (184 kilometers) northeast of Aparri. (Skip Guidry and Jack McKillop)

    Japanese air attacks continue against shipping off Leyte: U.S. freighter SS Adoniram Judson is attacked by Japanese planes off Tacloban; Armed Guard gunners claim splashing six aircraft. One bomb explodes close aboard, causing fragmentation damage and wounding two of the embarked stevedores. There are no casualties to the ship’s company, 43 merchant seamen and 28 Armed Guards. Freighter SS John W. Foster, anchored in San Pedro Bay, is strafed; seven of the 27-man Armed Guard, three of 170 embarked troops, and an officer, are wounded.

    Allied aircraft and submarines are active:

    - At 0900 hours in the Sea of Okhotsk, USS Seal (SS-183) sinks a Japanese transport about 163 nautical miles (303 kilometers) west-northwest of Onnekotan Island in the Kurile Islands in position 50.18N, 150.50E. (Skip Guidry)

    - At 044 hours, USS Sterlet (SS-392) sinks a Japanese merchant tanker about 91 nautical miles (168 kilometers) south-southwest of Kagoshima, Kyushu, Japan, in position 30.15N, 129.45E. (Skip Guidry)

    - Around 0230 in waters in the northwest corner of the Formosa Straits, USS TANG fires her last torpedo at a transport and the crew watches in horror as the torpedo makes a circular run and striking the ship portside aft near the maneuvering room. The stern sinks immediately and rests on the bottom with the bow sticking out of the water like a buoy. Motor Machinist Mate Second Class Clayton O. Decker opens the forward ballast tanks and Tang rests upright on the bottom in 180 feet (55 meters) of water. This leads the way for the only instance in WWII where submariners escape from the bottom using the Momsen Lung. A total of 13 make the attempt from the forward torpedo room with only five surviving the ascent and swimming through the night. One man escapes from the flooded conning tower and three others including the captain, Commander Dick O’Kane, survive by being thrown into the water from the bridge. (Sheldon Levy)

    - A Japanese fleet tanker Matsumoto Maru sinks as the result of damage inflicted by submarine USS Tang (SS-306) in Formosa Strait the day before about 62 nautical miles (115 kilometers) south-southeast of Fuzhou, China, in position 25.07N, 119.45E.

    - British submarine HMS/M Tantivy (P 319) sinks a Japanese motor sail ship in the Flores Sea in the East Indies north of Timor. (Jack McKillop_.

    - USN F4U Corsairs sink a Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser north of the Palau Islands in the Caroline Islands.

    - 50+ USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators, supported by P-38 Lightnings and P-47 Thunderbolts, attack naval forces in the Mindanao Sea of the Philippine Islands, firing small vessels and claiming a light cruiser damaged. They actually sink a merchant tankers in the South China Sea about 328 nautical miles (608 kilometers) north-northwest of Jesselton, British North Borneo in position 11.18N, 114.50E.

    EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators attack shipping in the Makassar-Kendari area. In the Halmahera Islands, fighter-bombers hit barges and villages in areas of Dodinga and Dodinga. B-25 Mitchells, A-20 Havocs, and fighter-bombers hit Piroe and Saparoea in the Moluccas Islands, Boela Aerodrome and Halong and Amboina on Ceram, Haroekoe on Haroekoe Island, and northern Ceram coastal targets.

    NEW GUINEA: In Dutch New Guinea, USAAF Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs attack supply and fuel dumps in the Sarmi area.

    AUSTRALIA: 10 Group (RAAF) is renamed as the First Tactical Air Force, RAAF. Headquarters of this new unit, which controls eight RAAF squadrons, is established on Morotai Island. (Daniel Ross)

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: During the day four USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators, on an armed reconnaissance missions, bomb Yap Island. .

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Around 0230 in waters in the northwest corner of the Formosa Straits, USS TANG fires her last torpedo and the crew watches in horror as it makes a circular run and striking the ship portside aft near the manoeuvring room. The stern sinks immediately and rests on the bottom with the bow sticking out of the water like a buoy.

    MM2 Clayton O. Decker opens the forward ballast tanks and TANG rests upright on the bottom in 180 feet of water. This leads the way for the only instance in WWII where submariners escape from the bottom using the Momsen Lung. A total of 13 make the attempt from the forward torpedo room with only five surviving the assent and swimming through the night. One man escapes from the flooded conning tower and three others including Cdr Dick O’Kane survive from being thrown into the water from the bridge. (Sheldon)

    0400 hours: USS Sterlet (SS-392) sinks and a cargo ship at 30-15 N, 129-45 E.

    0900 hours: USS Seal (SS-183) sinks an armed transport at 50-21 N, 150-20 E.

    1900 hours: USS Halibut (SS-232) sinks a destroyer (Akitzuki) at 20-29 N, 126-30 E.

    2200 hours: USS Jallao (SS-368) sinks a light cruiser (Tama) at 21-33 N, 127-19 E east of Luzon Strait. (Skip Guidry)

    U.S.A.: Authorization is given for US forces to fire proximity fuzed shells over land for Anti-Aircraft and antipersonnel uses. (Will O’Neil)(218 pp.277 et seq)

    Minesweeper USS Quest commissioned.

    Destroyer escort USS Thaddeus Parker commissioned.

    Submarine USS Tigrone commissioned.

    Destroyer USS Zellars commissioned.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: Destroyer HMCS Skeena anchored at Reykjavik dragged her anchor and is driven ashore on Videy Island. Bad weather prevented salvage, and she was written off as a total loss in December. (Alex Gordon)(108)

    An escort attacked U-246 with depth charges and damaged her so seriously that she had return to base.

    ICELAND: Canadian destroyer HMCS Skeena (D 59) anchored at Reykjavik dragged her anchor and is driven ashore on Videy Island. Bad weather prevents salvage, and she is written off as a total loss in December. Fifteen ratings (enlisted men) are lost. (Alex Gordon)