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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • AMERICANS ROUT GERMANS IN WEST NORMANDY, SMASH BARRIER BLOCKING PATH INTO BRITTANY (8/1/44)

    08/01/2014 8:02:11 AM PDT · 19 of 41
    Homer_J_Simpson to dfwgator
    Thanks for the reminder, DFWG.

    "There is a City"

    warsawuprising.com

  • AMERICANS ROUT GERMANS IN WEST NORMANDY, SMASH BARRIER BLOCKING PATH INTO BRITTANY (8/1/44)

    08/01/2014 5:03:50 AM PDT · 8 of 41
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick
    Is this an eyewitness account of the attack that hit Rommel?

    Don't think so. Rommel was in his car when he was hit.

  • AMERICANS ROUT GERMANS IN WEST NORMANDY, SMASH BARRIER BLOCKING PATH INTO BRITTANY (8/1/44)

    08/01/2014 4:47:39 AM PDT · 6 of 41
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/01.htm

    August 1st, 1944 (TUESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Escort carrier HMS Nabob arrives at Scapa Flow and joins the RN Home Fleet.

    Destroyer HMCS Assiniboine arrives at Londonderry and joins EG 12.

    The Eighth Air Force flies 2 missions:

    - Mission 508: 1,291 bombers and 432 fighters in 5 forces are dispatched to attack airfields, bridges and tactical targets in France; 5 bombers and 4 fighters are lost.
    (1) 193 B-17s drop 2,281 containers of supplies to French Resistance forces (Operation BUICK) at four locations in SE France, i.e., Chalon-Sur-Saone, the Savoie area, Haute-Savoie and west of Geneva; 3 P-51 Mustang groups furnish escort.
    (2) 76 B-17s bomb Tours Airfield; 1 B-17 is lost. Escort is flown by 51 P-51s; 2 are lost.
    (3) 400 B-17s attack 5 airfields and a railway bridge in the area south and southwest of Paris; 112 hit Bricy Airfield at Orleans, 108 hit Chateaudun Airfield, 59 hit Melun Airfield, 58 hit Chartres Airfield, 36 hit Chartres Bridge, 15 hit targets of opportunity, and 12 hit Mondesir Airfield at Etampes; 3 B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 138 P-38 Lightnings and P-51s.
    (4) 284 B-24s are dispatched to bomb targets in the Paris environs; bad weather causes 100+ aborts; 66 hit Rouen, 47 hit Melun Airfield, 44 hit Nogent Bridge, 33 hit targets of opportunity, 29 hit Bricy Airfield at Orleans, 24 hit Montereau Bridge, 12 hit Nanteuil Bridge, 12 hit Villeroche Airfield, 11 hit Coulommiers Bridge, and 6 hit Chartres Airfield; 1 B-24 is lost. Escort is provided by 127 P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51s; 2 P-47s are lost.
    (5) 191 B-24s, sent against 8 V-weapon sites in NW France, run afoul of bad weather which causes multiple aborts; 61 of the planes manage to bomb 3 sites; escort is provided by 81 P-47s.

    - Mission 509: 6 B-17s drop leaflets on France and Belgium during the night.

    Submarine FS Doris (ex-HMS Vineyard) commissioned.

    FRANCE: The XIX Tactical Air Command, Ninth Air Force, becomes operational in conjunction with the US Third Army; the Ninth’s fighter and fighter-bomber groups (Ninth Air Force refers to them collectively as fighter-bomber groups) are divided between the IX and XIX Tactical Air Commands.

    About 250 B-26s and A-20s bomb rail bridges at Mezieres-sur-Seine, Maintenon, Les Ponts-de-Ce, Chartres, Cinq Mars-la-Pile, Bouchmaine, Nogent-sur-Loir, and Bourth.

    XIX Tactical Air Command fighters carry out armed reconnaissance and rail bombing missions in the Alencon, Dreux, Chartres, Nogent-sur-Loir, Le Mans, Sable-sur-Sarthe, Laval and Sille-le-Philippe areas, while IX Tactical Air Command fighters fly armoured column and assault area cover, and armed reconnaissance in the battle areas.

    The US 12th Army Group, consisting of Patton’s Third Army and Hodges First Army is formed under General Omar Bradley. The 21st Army Group, Montgomery, now consists of the British 2nd Army, Dempsey, and the Canadian 1st Army, Crerar.
    Patton heads for Brittany.

    A seven man OSS team (UNION2, with four US Marines) jumps into France. (168)

    NETHERLANDS: 13-year-old Anne Frank makes the last entry in her diary that she has kept for two years while hiding with her family in Amsterdam. On 4 August, the Grune Polizei raid the secret annex in the
    house Anne and her family are hiding in and they are deported to Germany. Anne Frank dies in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp at age 15.

    GERMANY: U-2503 commissioned.

    POLAND:
    Warsaw: The Poles have risen against the German occupiers of Warsaw and have taken over most of the city. The “Home Army”, commanded by Lt-Gen Bor-Komorowski, has been joined by the Communist-led People’s Army and armed civilians to drive out the hated Nazis. The Polish flag is flying from captured government buildings. Fierce fighting started at 5 pm and has developed around the General Post Office where the Germans are counter-attacking. The Poles were encouraged to rise before they were properly prepared by the sound of German guns east of the Vistula and by a Moscow radio broadcast telling them “the hour of action has already arrived.”
    There is no doubt of the Poles’ passionate commitment to the freeing of their capital from the Nazi yoke, but the rising must also be viewed in political terms: the Home Army is loyal to the government in exile in London, and it intends to be in control of Warsaw when the Russians arrive with their own Polish Committee of National Liberation. It is doubtful, however, if the poorly-armed Home Army can hold out for long against the Germans. Everything depends on the Russians, who are preparing their own assault on the city. Will they arrive in time? Or will Stalin wait until the Polish Home Army is defeated?

    LITHUANIA:
    Soviets take Kovno and isolate the Baltic states from East Prussia. Kaunas falls to the Third Belorussian Front.

    Soviet forces enter the Suwlaki triangle, a part of Lithuania which had been appended to East Prussia in 1939 as part of the Nazi-Soviet Pact. (Henry Sirotin)

    FINLAND: President Ryti resigns, FM Mannerheim replaces him.
    Mikko Härmeinen adds: Today the Parliament formally acknowledges President Ryti’s resignation, tendered on 29 July. Prime Minister Edwin Linkomies acts as a provisional President of the Republic, and he immediately receives a proposal that Marshal Mannerheim is to be elected as President by a special law without elections. The law is passed by the Parliament as fast as possible, and it comes into force on 4 Aug.

    U.S.S.R.: Soviet destroyer Doblestnyj commissioned.

    CHINA: 90+ Fourteenth Air Force P-40s and P-51 Mustangs on armed reconnaissance hit trucks, troops, supplies, and river shipping in and around Hengyang, Leiyang, Sinshih, Hengshan, Liling, Changsha, and Siangyin; the airfield and railroad yards at Hengyang are also bombed.

    TINIAN:
    US forces have captured Tinian, the second of the three Allied island objectives in the Marianas, as Japanese resistance crumbled today on the island’s southern cliffs after Marine reinforcements broke through.
    In a crucial cliff top battle yesterday, more than 600 Japanese screamed the death-charge cry of “Banzai” as they launched a final, suicidal dawn assault to try to force a Marine unit off a toehold gained on the mile-wide escarpment. The remnants of Japan’s 9,000 man defence force had retreated there after being fooled by a decoy landing that let 40,000 marines land almost unopposed on Tinian’s north-west coast nine days ago. An estimated 9,000 Japanese have died in the battle. US losses are 394 dead and 1,961 wounded.

    BIAK ISLAND: 433d Fighter Squadron, 475th Fighter Group: All missions had been cancelled due to weather but the weather was good over the Palau Islands and Colonel MacDonald asked Charles Lindbergh and two other pilots if they wanted to hit targets of opportunity on the islands. Upon arrival, the four strafed a ship and soon spotted three enemy aircraft above them. Two were immediately shot down by Colonel MacDonald and another pilot. Lindbergh noticed that the third Japanese aircraft was diving on a P-38 and by the time he turned back to aid the American, the Japanese pilot turned his attention (and aircraft) towards Lindbergh The Japanese aircraft was a Mitsubishi A6M, Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighter, Allied Code Name ZEKE. The Zeke got on Lindbergh’s tail and started shooting it up The three other Americans tried to drive the Zeke off with deflection shots and eventually set the Japanese aircraft on fire.

    Colonel MacDonald reported that as Lindbergh backed toward his aircraft, he could see Lindbergh crouching in front of the plane’s armour plane, waiting for the bullets to hit, as he “commended his soul to God.”

    All four P-38s returned to Biak.

    TERRITORY OF HAWAII: The U.S. Army Air Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas (AAFPOA) is activated at Hickam Field with Lieutenant General Millard Harmon as Commanding General. Harmon is to be responsible to Lieutenant General Robert C Richardson, Jr, Commanding General US Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas (USAFPOA), for logistics and administration, and to Admiral Chester W Nimitz, Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CINCPOA), for operations of USAAF air units, including the Seventh Air Force but excluding the Twentieth Air Force. Harmon also is Deputy Commander of the Twentieth Air Force and is responsible directly to General Henry H “Hap” Arnold in all matters affecting the Twentieth in the POA.

    CANADA: Patrol Vessel HMCS Renard paid off.

    U.S.A.: Two motion pictures are released in the U.S. today.
    “The Pearl of Death,” a mystery based on Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s story “The Adventure of the Six Napoleons,” is directed by Roy William Neill and stars Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Doctor Watson. The plot has Holmes looking for a bust of Napoleon containing a pearl before the owners are killed by the villainous “Creeper.”
    “Wilson,” a biography of Woodrow Wilson, the 28th U.S. President, is directed by Henry King and stars Alexander Knox as Wilson, Charles Coburn, Geraldine Fitzgerald as Mrs. Wilson, Thomas Mitchell, Cedric Hardwicke as Senator Henry Cabot Lodge and Vincent Price; Reed Hadley appears in an unaccredited role. The film is nominated for ten Academy Awards including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor (Knox); it wins five technical awards.

    In the U.S., the top pop songs today are (1) “Amor” by Bing Crosby; (2) “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Bing Crosby; (3) “Long Ago and Far Away” by Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest; and (4) “Is You Is Or Is You Ain’t (Ma’ Baby)” by Louis Jordan And His Tympany Five.

    During WW II, the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) produced numerous documents, most commonly known are the Intelligence Bulletins. The Military Intelligence Special Series continues with “Index to Intelligence Publications.” (William L. Howard)

    Destroyer escort USS Lloyd E Acree commissioned.

    Coast Guard-manned Army FS-371 was commissioned at Sturgeon Bay WI with LT H. E. Melton, USCG, as commanding officer. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area including Leyte, Mindoro, Pearl Harbor, etc., during the war.

    ICELAND: Reykjavik: 1407 Flight RAF operating lifeboat carrying Hudsons, is redesignated as 251 Squadron.

  • AMERICANS ROUT GERMANS IN WEST NORMANDY, SMASH BARRIER BLOCKING PATH INTO BRITTANY (8/1/44)

    08/01/2014 4:46:01 AM PDT · 5 of 41
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/aug44/01aug44.htm#

    The Warsaw Uprising
    Tuesday, August 1, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In Occupied Poland... In Warsaw, the Polish Home Army initiates an uprising against the German occupation. These forces are formally under the direction of the Polish government in exile located in London. The timing of this action is intended to liberate Warsaw, by Polish forces, prior to the arrival of Soviet forces (which is, however, expected to take place shortly).

    On the Eastern Front... Soviet troops of 3rd Belorussian Front (Chernyakhovsky) capture Kaunas, capital of Lithuania. Many of the routes leading to East Prussia from the Baltics have been cut, trapping the sizeable German forces of Army Group North. Meanwhile, Red Army forces approach the Vistula River on a broad front.

    In Helsinki... President Ryti resigns and Marshal Mannerheim is selected as his replacement.

    On the Western Front... The US 3rd Army (General Patton) becomes operational on the right flank and is tasked with clearing Brittany. American forces are now organized under US 12th Army Group (Bradley) and include US 1st Army (Hodges) as well as 3rd Army. The British 21st Army Group (Mongomery) command British 2nd Army (Dempsey) and Canadian 1st Army (Crerar). Field Marshal Montgomery retains overall command of Allied ground forces and General Eisenhower remains Commander in Chief of the Allied Expeditionary Forces.

    In the Mariana Islands... Organized Japanese resistance on Tinian comes to an end. Most of the garrison, over 6000, have been killed and 250 have been captured. American forces have suffered 390 killed and 1800 wounded.

  • AMERICANS ROUT GERMANS IN WEST NORMANDY, SMASH BARRIER BLOCKING PATH INTO BRITTANY (8/1/44)

    08/01/2014 4:43:30 AM PDT · 4 of 41
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Avranches Passed (Daniel) – 2-3
    Germans in Full Retreat on Western Norman Coast (Middleton) – 3-4
    Mongolians, Tatars, Turcomans, 14 to 40, Taken with Germans (Currivan) – 4
    As Our Forces Pushed Forward through the Ruins of Normandy (photos) – 5-6
    War News Summarized – 6
    Guns Near Warsaw – 7-8
    3,000 U.S. Planes Rock Nazi Targets (Gruson) – 8
    Big Jump in Pacific (Parrott) – 9
    Japanese Breach Hengyang Defense – 10
    U.S. Troops Seize One-Half of Guam (Horne) – 10
    The Marines Again Have Landed on Guam and Old Glory Flies over the Island (photos) – 11-12
    Germany’s Oil Cut 50%, Crowley Says – 13
    Navy Fliers Honored for Saving Army Men, Get Congressional Medal or Silver Star – 13
    Latest War Casualties as Reported by the Army and Navy * – 14-16
    D-Day Wounded Got Care in 10 Minutes (by Kathleen McLaughlin) – 16
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 17-19
    Navy Cuts Output of Subsea Craft, Doubles Its Munitions Production – 19

    * I don’t know if this is an omen or not but I noticed on page 15, column 4, the following names under missing in action:

    WENDELL, Pfc. GEORGE L.
    WILKIE, S/Sgt. WILLIAM M.

  • AMERICANS ROUT GERMANS IN WEST NORMANDY, SMASH BARRIER BLOCKING PATH INTO BRITTANY (8/1/44)

    08/01/2014 4:41:31 AM PDT · 3 of 41
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • AMERICANS ROUT GERMANS IN WEST NORMANDY, SMASH BARRIER BLOCKING PATH INTO BRITTANY (8/1/44)

    08/01/2014 4:39:35 AM PDT · 2 of 41
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0801-avranches20_zps48d31859.jpg
  • AMERICANS ROUT GERMANS IN WEST NORMANDY, SMASH BARRIER BLOCKING PATH INTO BRITTANY (8/1/44)

    08/01/2014 4:38:49 AM PDT · 1 of 41
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BRITISH OPEN NEW OFFENSIVE IN NORMANDY AS AMERICANS PURSUE FLEEING GERMANS (7/31/44)

    07/31/2014 2:09:56 PM PDT · 52 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to EternalVigilance

    Thank you for posting all the great pictures. They enhance the readers’ experience.

  • BRITISH OPEN NEW OFFENSIVE IN NORMANDY AS AMERICANS PURSUE FLEEING GERMANS (7/31/44)

    07/31/2014 4:42:18 AM PDT · 8 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/frame.htm

    July 31st, 1944 (MONDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: London: Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser succeeds Admiral Sir James Somerville as C-in-C of the Royal Navy’s Eastern Fleet.

    The US Eighth Air Force in England dispatches 1,295 bombers and 701 fighters to hit targets in Germany and airfields in France in Mission 507; 16 bombers and 3 fighters are lost. The aircraft are divided into three forces:

    - 567 B-17s bomb Munich, 43 hit Schleissheim Airfield, 36 hit aircraft engine plants at Munich-Allach and 4 hit targets of opportunity; 10 B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 439 P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs; 1 P-47 and 2 P-51s are lost.

    Personal Memory: My diary for today reads: “Munich, Germany (Rough!) Carried incendiaries this trip. It looked like we made big fires too. The flak was really intense. Saw several B-17s go down. I carried quite a bit of flak back with me. I saw a few FW190s, but none attacked. Carried ten M17 incendiaries of 500 lbs each. Over enemy territory 4 hours and 35 minutes with a total flight time of 8 hours and 10 minutes.” The 303rd BG scheduled 38 planes to bomb the Aero Engine Works by radar. Two 17s aborted and we flew with 36 planes. We each carried 2700 gallons of fuel and I was training another new crew on their first mission. It was 2nd Lt. T. A. Duncan and his crew in AC# 42-102569. Since we were to bomb by radar we remained in Wing formation and dropped our bombs with the leader. The lead plane was being piloted by my erstwhile pilot, T. R. Beiser. We could see fires through the several holes in the clouds. I must have been a slow learner but I got a good lesson toda y. Part of our protective gear is an uncomfortable “Flak Beanie” which I carried under the seat with my parachute. I sometimes put it on when the flak got bad but today I did not do so because I had never seen a flak hole in the top of a B-17. Today a German 88 came up just barely outside the plane near my left elbow. It traveled about another thirty of forty feet and exploded with a jolt and the base of the shell came down on top of the number two engine making a hole through the cowl and part way into the collector ring causing a slight loss of manifold pressure. Before I adjusted the manifold pressure I got out my “Beanie” and put it on. I never went without it again! With all its flak damage my no-name airplane of today was listed as having major damage, although it was nothing compared to what would happen to it later.On January 8, 1945 after I was back at MacDill Field instructing, after a mission to Koblenz the pilot landed long and hot, going off the end of the runw ay, across a road and into a farmer’s field doing major damage to the right wing and engines. All systems on the B-17 are run by electricity except cowl flaps and brakes which are run by hydraulic pressure furnished by an electric motor. Early in the mission the engineer found that a limit switch was missing from the system so he removed the hydraulic fluid until just before touch down on return. He replaced the fluid but must have gotten air in the system, thus no brakes, and a loud, expensive noise. Score: Milk runs 13, Others 15 ( Dick Johnson)

    - 447 B-24s bomb the chemical works and city at Ludwigshafen, and southwestern part of the city of Mannheim; 6 B-24s are lost. Escort is provided by 135 P-38 Lightnings.

    - In France, 47 B-24s, 47 hit Athies Airfield at Laon, 36 hit Creil Airfield and 1 hits Poix Airfield. Escort is provided by 38 P-47s and P-51s.

    - 13 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions.

    Cruisers HMS Diadem and Bellona along with destroyers HMCS Chaudiere, St Laurent and Kootenay departed Devonport on anti convoy sweep “Kinetic” no enemy contact.

    Repair ship HMS Hecla launched.

    Frigate HMS Nyasaland commissioned.

    FRANCE, Paris: On the results of Action M, [an act of looting known as Einsatzstab Rosenberg which took over the homes of Jews deported from France], 69,619 Jewish dwellings of which 38,000 are in Paris, have been emptied of everything in daily or ornamental use.

    250 children from Jewish ophanages and 100 other children are deported to Auschwitz on Convoy No. 77. This is the last convoy to leave France for the German death camps. The Gestapo man directly responsible is Alois Brunner. He is the commander of the Drancy transit camp, north of Paris.

    The youngest child was 15 days old.

    US 4th Armored Division advances from Avranches and crosses the Selune near Pontaubault. German counterattacks continue around Tessy and Percy.
    American armoured spearheads, plunging deep into the German lines have entered Avranches after five days of “push and go” fighting, in the words of an infantry lieutenant. The whole western end of the enemy front has been ripped open and Bradley’s First Army, now joined by Patton’s Third, is preparing to break out westwards into the Brittany peninsula.

    British and Canadian offensives south and east of Caen had convinced General von Kluge, the C-in-C West, that the main Allied effort would remain in the Caen sector, and he had kept his best armoured units there. Opposed to 14 British and Canadian divisions are 14 German ones, six of them armoured. The Americans have 15 divisions opposed to 11 German ones, only two of which are armoured.

    Bradley’s offensive, known as Operation Cobra started on 25 July with a heavy aerial bombardment. On two successive days US planes bombed their own men; 136 Americans were killed and 621 wounded, including the US 1st Army Group’s commander, Lt-Gen Lesley McNair. After such a disaster, Lawton Collins’s VII Corps moved off in a grim mood. Collins soon discovered that the Panzers could be outflanked.

    He moved fast. Steel tusks welded to the front of Sherman tanks chewed through the thick Normandy hedgerows in minutes. Overnight, the US tanks swept into open country against weakening German defences. The high-spirited Americans raced through villages, some of which greeted them warmly, others with complete indifference. Bloody fighting still lies ahead, but by today the enemy had given up hope of a successful counter-attack and was pulling back.

    The US Ninth Air Force dispatches about 500 A-20 Havocs and B-26s to attack bridges on the Seine, Loire, Mayenne, and Ruisseau la Forge Rivers and a fuel dump at Foret de la Guerche; fighters fly armed reconnaissance of activities in the Dieppe-Rouen areas, escort bombers, provide armored column cover, dive-bomb military targets in support of the US First Army and fly a few night intruder missions over enemy territory.

    The French writer, Antoine de St. Exupery, author of “The Little Prince” and “Wind, Sand, and Stars,” is killed in an F-5 Lightning crash during a reconnaissance mission off Marseilles, France.

    GERMANY: Rastenburg: Hitler orders a scorched-earth policy if retreat becomes necessary.

    POLAND: The Third Belorussian Front enters Kaunas. The First Belorussian Front advances toward Warsaw. The sound of the Red Army’s guns was heard clearly in Warsaw today as Soviet tanks entered Wolomin, just 12 miles east of the Polish capital. Radzynib to the north and Otwock to the south are expected to fall at any moment, leaving the way clear for Marshal Rokossovsky’s men to advance to the Vistula, the last German line of defence before the city. The Russians havem in fact, already crossed the Vistula at Sandomierz, 100 miles to the south, and plan to swing up behind the capital.

    These latest Russian successes are the culmination of a remarkable tank drive across the Polish plain following the liberation of Minsk. The last few days have brought the capture of Lublin and the Brest-Litovsk, the ancient fortress town captured by Hitler’s panzers in the first days of the invasion of Russia.

    The Russians have covered 450 miles in five weeks. They have destroyed Model’s Army Group Centre, killing or capturing 31 of the group’s 47 corps and divisional commanders. However, the very success of the drive has meant that the Red Army’s lines of communication have become over-extended. At the same time, German resistance has stiffened, reinforcements have arrived, and the Germans have thrown back Rokossovsky’s attempts to cross the Vistula close to Warsaw.

    So, unable to seize the city “on the run”, the Russians will have to call a halt to bring up supplies and reinforcements for a carefully-planned assault. This may take some time. Meanwhile the Polish Home Army in Warsaw is preparing to rise against the Germans; it is anxious to take the city to try to keep it out of Russian hands and provide a base for the government in exile in London.

    BALTIC SEA: At 0843, Soviet patrol craft MO-101 was torpedoed and sunk by U-370 in Björkö Sound in the Baltic Sea.

    FINLAND: By this time the Soviet offensive in Karelian Isthmus (south of Lake Ladoga) had been stopped by the Finnish Army and the fighting there died down. But in northern Karelia (north of Lake Ladoga) two Soviet divisions (176th and 289th) were advancing towards Ilomantsi, apparently trying to find a weak spot in the Finnish defences. Major-General Erkki Raappana, CO of the 14th Div, is given the mission to encircle and destroy the enemy divisions. For this purpose a force consisting of the 21st and Cavalry brigades and parts of the 14th Division is gathered in the closing days of July. The Finnish counter-attack begins in the early hours of the 31st of July.

    ROMANIA: 360+ US Fifteenth Air Force bombers based in Italy attack targets in Romania; B-17s hit an oil refinery at Ploesti; B-24s bomb 2 oil refineries at Bucharest, 1 at Doicesti, and oil storage at Targoviste. Fighters escort the bombers.

    At 0843, Soviet patrol craft MO-101 was torpedoed and sunk by U-370 in Björkö Sound in the Baltic Sea.

    CEYLON: Admiral Fraser assumes command of the British Eastern Fleet from Admiral Sommerville.

    NEW GUINEA: Operation GLOBETROTTER continues with the landing of US Army troops on Cape Sansapor; this operation concludes the New Guinea campaign.

    TINIAN: The last organized Japanese defenses are attacked by US Marines.

    MARIANAS ISLANDS: US Seventh Air Force B-25s and P-47s based on Saipan Island bomb and strafe Tinian Island; B-25s from Makin Island pound Nauru Island.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: US Seventh Air Force B-24s from the Marshall Islands bomb Truk Atoll while US Far East Air Force B-24s again strike Woleai Atoll.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Admiral Chester W. Nimitz of the US Navy approves a realignment of the units and aircraft based on fleet aircraft carriers in the Pacific. Currently, the “standard” carrier air group consists of 36 F6F Hellcats, 36 SB2C Helldivers and 18 TBM Avengers.

    The new composition is 24 SB2Cs, 18 TBMs and as many F6Fs as the carrier can hold which is 54 on some ships. In addition, F6F pilots will be trained for fighter-bomber operations especially in firing air-to-ground rockets.

    USN submarines sink a transport, two merchant tankers, a merchant freighter and a small cargo vessel and damage six other ships.

    TERRITORY OF HAWAII: Pearl Harbor: After the fall of the Marianas this month and the occupation of northern New Guinea, the one great strategic issue in the Pacific was where to strike next. American military strategists were sharply divided, but a decision could no longer be delayed. Would the next stepon the road to Tokyo be the Philippines or Formosa?

    General MacArthur had no doubts at all: he wanted to retake the Philippines. he believed that America was under “a moral obligation” to liberate the 17 million Filipinos before the assault on Japan. It would be militarily unsound, he claimed, to bypass the Philippines and attack directly across the Pacific Ocean.

    Admiral King, the American navy chief, strongly advocated bypassing the Philippines in favour of Formosa. He saw avoidable heavy losses if the armed forces became entangled in costly jungle encounters in the larger Philippine Islands.

    Admiral Nimitiz was wavering, but Admiral Halsey also had no doubts. He wanted to seize Okinawa, which would then become the springboard for the invasion of the Japanese home islands.

    One area of certainty was that the China theatre would now have no major role in the final phases of the war. The long-range strategic bombing campaign against Japan, which had begun from China, would be transferred to the Marianas.

    At a Pearl Harbor conference which began five days ago, the military chiefs argued their cases with the president. MacArthur felt that the Filipino people would not forgive a second betrayal, and that Luzon was too big to be bypassed. It was clear at the end of the session that MacArthur had won the argument. He later told officers the president had said “we will not bypass the Philippines.”

    CANADA: Corvette HMCS Battleford completed foc’sle extension refit Sydney, Nova Scotia.
    HMCS Loch Achanalt (ex HMS Loch Achanalt) commissioned.
    HMC MTB 485 commissioned. Log: 29th flotilla, “G” Type, 44 tons, 71.75x20.6x5.6ft, 39kts, crew 3/14, 1-6pdr, 2-20mm(1xII) 4-18in TT.

    U.S.A.: Destroyer escorts USS Kendal C Campbell, Neal A Scott commissioned.
    Minesweeper USS Intrigue commissioned.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-187 was commissioned at New Orleans with LTJG W. A. Skelton, Jr. USCGR, first commanding officer. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area including Manila, Tacloban, etc.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-315 was commissioned at New York with LT D. B. Oaksmith, USCGR, as commanding officer. He was succeeded by LTJG S. N. Megos, USCG. She departed New York on September 9, l944. During August 1945 she was engaged in transportation service in the Philippine cruising some 1,788 miles with 343 tons of cargo hauled and 21 passengers.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: The German submarine U-333 is sunk in the North Atlantic west of the Scilly Isles, in position 49.39N, 07.28W, by depth charges from the British sloop HMS Starling and the frigate HMS Loch Killin. All hands, 45 men, are lost. This is also the first victim of the ASW SQUID anti-submarine weapon. (Daniel Ross)

  • BRITISH OPEN NEW OFFENSIVE IN NORMANDY AS AMERICANS PURSUE FLEEING GERMANS (7/31/44)

    07/31/2014 4:38:23 AM PDT · 7 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/31jul44.htm#

    Red Army enters Kaunas
    Monday, July 31, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Eastern Front... The Soviet 3rd Belorussian Front enters Kaunas, the capital of Lithuania, and advances toward Warsaw. Elements capture Siedlice and Otwock only 12 miles southeast of the city.

    On the Western Front... American 1st Army continues to advance. The US 4th Armored Division captures crossings over the Selune River near Pontaubault. The German counterattack on the left flank continues around Tessy and Percy.

    In New Guinea... An American battalion is landed west of Cape Sansapor from the offshore islands. At Aitape, American forces counterattack the Japanese forces along the Driniumor River.

    In London... Admiral Fraser succeeds Admiral Somerville as commander of the British Eastern Fleet.

    In the Mariana Islands... On Tinian, American forces begin attacks on the last center of organized Japanese resistance, in the south of the island.

  • BRITISH OPEN NEW OFFENSIVE IN NORMANDY AS AMERICANS PURSUE FLEEING GERMANS (7/31/44)

    07/31/2014 4:36:56 AM PDT · 6 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    2d Army Attacks (Daniels) – 2-3
    American Bazooka Accounts for Nazi Tank in Normandy (photos) – 3
    U.S. Drive Becomes Romp as Nazis Crack under Fire (Denny) – 4
    Huge Assault Opens British Push (MacDonald) – 5
    The Prime Minister Greets a Hero (photo) – 5
    Fleeing Germans Outstrip Pursuers (Currivan) – 5-6
    War News Summarized – 6
    Red Army Rolls On (Lawrence) – 7-8
    Battling in Italy – 9-10
    Guam Proclaimed under Rule of U.S. (Trumbull) – 10
    Japanese Pushed into Tip of Tinian (Horne, Dopking) – 10-11
    M’Arthur Batters Enemy Airdromes – 11
    2 B-29’s Missing after Attack that Made Anshan a City of Fire (Farnsworth) – 11-12
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 13-15
    Back from the Invasion: Hospital Ship Arrives with D-Day Wounded (photo) – 15
  • BRITISH OPEN NEW OFFENSIVE IN NORMANDY AS AMERICANS PURSUE FLEEING GERMANS (7/31/44)

    07/31/2014 4:35:26 AM PDT · 5 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from July 21.

     photo 0731-2darmy19_zps98664e17.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • BRITISH OPEN NEW OFFENSIVE IN NORMANDY AS AMERICANS PURSUE FLEEING GERMANS (7/31/44)

    07/31/2014 4:34:36 AM PDT · 4 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from July 22.

     photo 0731-2darmy18_zps2ac6ed42.jpg

    Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., 32d Infantry Division in World War II

  • BRITISH OPEN NEW OFFENSIVE IN NORMANDY AS AMERICANS PURSUE FLEEING GERMANS (7/31/44)

    07/31/2014 4:33:43 AM PDT · 3 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BRITISH OPEN NEW OFFENSIVE IN NORMANDY AS AMERICANS PURSUE FLEEING GERMANS (7/31/44)

    07/31/2014 4:32:52 AM PDT · 2 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Normandy, 1944: The St. Lo Breakthrough – Operations 25-31 July 1944
    The Marianas Islands: Tinian 1944 – Seizure of Tinian, 24 July-1 August 1944
    The Marianas Islands: Guam 1944 – Invasion of Guam, 21 July-8 August 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Operation Bagration – Operations, 22 June-19 August, 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea, and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Palaus and Morotai, 30 July-17 September 1944 and Air Attacks on the Philippines, 7-22 September 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • BRITISH OPEN NEW OFFENSIVE IN NORMANDY AS AMERICANS PURSUE FLEEING GERMANS (7/31/44)

    07/31/2014 4:31:55 AM PDT · 1 of 65
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 6:53:27 PM PDT · 66 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to fso301; Tax-chick

    All things considered it seems to me the photo is more likely to be of a training exercise on Guadalcanal than an actual landing operation on Guam. That would mean the Times caption is incorrect. If they had the photo on hand since May they knew it was incorrect when they ran it. Hard to believe.

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 5:57:54 PM PDT · 62 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to henkster
    Not that often you get to the second page of comments.

    I haven't done a real count but the number of replies has been consistently larger the last month or two than it was previously. That probably correlates to an increased number of readers, though there is no way to be sure. Anyway, it is extra gratifying when it happens on a Sunday edition, which takes extra work to put together.

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 2:21:27 PM PDT · 58 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to fso301

    Are you saying both captions are wrong and they are army rather than marines?

  • “The Canterville Ghost,” “Shadows in the Night” (Movie Reviews-7/29/44)

    07/30/2014 12:37:19 PM PDT · 9 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to GeronL

    Thanks for the tip. I never looking into youtube pay per view. Have you tried it?

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 9:57:04 AM PDT · 30 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Southack; Tax-chick
    After being interrogated by Hanns Scharff, Gabreski was sent to Stalag Luft I.

    I wonder if he met my uncle there. He had been at Stalag Luft I since his B-17 was shot down on 11 Jan 44.

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 9:35:20 AM PDT · 23 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick

    Also, would you be sitting comfortably on the side of the landing craft if people were shooting at you?

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 9:33:24 AM PDT · 22 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to DFG
    The USS Indianapolis sank on July 30, 1945 not 1944.

    I forwarded your comment as feedback on onwar.com

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 9:23:09 AM PDT · 19 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Thanks to Paul James of the Facebook group World War II 70th Anniversary, I can post this alternate version of the photo on page 11 of today's news.

     photo 0730-coutances33_zpsf10618f6.jpg
    The alternate caption: "US 3rd Marine Division leathernecks disembark on the beach from an LVT-1 of the 3rd Amphibious Tractor Battalion during training for the invasion of Guam on Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal during the week of May 12, 1944."

    Hmm. A little different than the Times caption. Which one is accurate?

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 6:56:25 AM PDT · 17 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to FXRP
    I see on page 7 that Greg Boyington is listed as missing in action. Apparently he popped up again.

    He won't pop up until Aug '45. (page 6 actually - page numbers are at the top)

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 6:07:54 AM PDT · 10 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Steven Scharf; henkster

    See page 8 item about Rommel.

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 4:22:46 AM PDT · 8 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/30.htm

    July 30th, 1944 (SUNDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The US Eighth Air Force in England flies two missions. In Mission 505, 237 P-47s and P-51 Mustangs fly sweeps of Evreux, St Quentin, Paris and Orleans, France claiming the destruction of 3 Luftwaffe”>Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 9 on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost. In Mission 506, 1 B-17 is dispatched on a night leaflet mission but is recalled. Also, 31 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions.

    The first ambulance version of the Avro Anson XI (NK 870) makes its maiden flight. (22)

    Submarine HMS Varne commissioned.

    ENGLISH CHANNEL: U-621 attacked an unknown convoy in the English Channel with LUT torpedoes and claimed a ship of 9,000 tons sunk. In fact the Ascanius was damaged.

    FRANCE: Granville and Avranches fall to US forces in France. German forces including II Parachute Corps make a strong counterattack. The British advance near Caumont, France.
    The US Ninth Air Force dispatches 450+ A-20 Havocs and B-26s to bomb defenses in the Chaumont area in support of the US First Army; fighters fly escort, cover the assault area and armored columns, and carry out armed reconnaissance in the Orleans-Paris area; and 200+ C-47 Skytrains fly supply and evacuation missions to the Continent

    EASTERN FRONT: The US Fifteenth Air Force in Italy sends 300+ bombers to attack targets in Hungary and YUGOSLAVIA: in Hungary, B-24s bomb Duna Airfield; B-17s bomb the aircraft factory at Budapest, and marshalling yards at Brod, Yugoslavia; P-38s and P-51s escort the missions.

    ITALY: The first elements of the negro U.S. 92d Infantry Division reach Naples. They are a handpicked group from the 370th Regimental Combat Team. (Russell Folsom)

    BALTIC SEA: U-250 (Type VIIC) is sunk on this day at 19.40 hours, in the Baltic Sea in the Gulf of Finland, at position 60.28N, 28.25E, by depth charges from Russian sub chaser MO-103. 46 dead, 6 survivors.

    Earlier at 1242 hrs U-250 attacked the 56 ton Russian sub chaser MO 105 with a G7e torpedo , at the north side of the Koivisto-strait in the Gulf of Finland. The Russian boat was destroyed easily (19 dead, 7 survivors), but the noise of the explosion brought other Russian boats to the location.

    At 1910hrs, Russian ‘Oberleutnant` Aleksander Kolenko, chief of MO 103 got a sonar contact on U-250 and dropped five depth charges. U-250 was not heavily damaged, but there were seen on the water an air-bubbles track and so MO 103 dropped a second series of five depth charges. One of these exploded over the diesel room and U-250 got a big hole in the hull and sank. Kapitänleutnant Werner-Karl Schmidt along with five other crew-members in the control-room got themselves out at the last minute. Needless to say the Russians were thrilled to have a German U-boat captain alive and a sunken U-boat in shallow waters. Russian divers soon discovered that the boat lay at only 27-meter depth with only a slight listing of 14 degrees to the right and a large hole over the top of the diesel room. Two large air tanks, 200 tons each, were transported to the area and the Russians worked behind a smoke-curtain to raise the boat. The Germans and the Finnish did what they could to prevent the boat with the new secret T5 (Zaunkönig) acoustic-torpedo falling into Soviet hands. Finnish coastal artillery and German torpedo boats made frequent attacks on the salvage site but to no avail. Finally in September 1944 the Russian raised U-250and towed it between air tanks to Kronstadt for examination. On 15 Sept 1944 U-250 came into the dry dock at Kronstadt. The former Commander Kptlt. Schmidt had to go first into the now dry boat, as the Russian believed some explosive charges might still be on the boat. The 6 survivors then spent some years in Russian captivity. From 12 April 1945 to 20 Aug 1945 in the Russian Navy as TS-14. Later broken up. (Alex Gordon and Dave Shirlaw)

    U-481 attacked by two Soviet Il-2 (35. ShAP) in Narwa Bay in the Baltic. One Il-2 damaged and later ditched. At 1736, U-481 fired a Gnat at group of coastal minesweepers in Narva Bay and observed a hit after 35 seconds and saw the KT-804 (No 35) sink. At 1740, a second Gnat was fired, which detonated after 1 minute 55 seconds. Andersen could not observe the sinking of the KT-807 (No 42), but he saw how the damaged KT-806 was towed away. The U-boat later found wreckage at the site.

    TINIAN: Tinian Town falls to the US forces.
    In the Mariana Islands, US Seventh Air Force B-25s and P-47s from Saipan Island support US Marine ground troops on Tinian.

    NEW GUINEA: During Operation GLOBETROTTER, elements of the US Army’s 6th Infantry Division are landed at Cape Opmari on the northwest coast of New Guinea and on Amsterdam and Middleburg Islands. Supporting the operation is the Navy’s Task Force 77.

    GUAM: The southern half of the island has been mostly cleared.

    SOUTH-WEST PACIFIC: With Admiral Berkey’s TF 78 supporting, General Sibert’s 6th Divison lands, unopposed, on the islands of Amsterdam and Middleburg off Cape Sansapor, New Guinea.

    U.S.A.: Minesweeper USS Hilarity launched.

    Submarines USS Kete and Sea Poacher commissioned.

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 4:21:47 AM PDT · 7 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/30jul44.htm#

    Germans counterattack US advance
    Sunday, July 30, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Western Front... Advancing elements of US 1st Army seize Granville and enter Avranches, capturing bridges over the See River. The left flank is counterattacked by German forces of the 2nd Parachute Corps at Percy and Villedieu. British forces mount successful attacks near Caumount.

    In the Mariana Islands... On Tinian, the main town of Tinian is captured by American forces. The southern half of Guam has been secured by US troops.

    In the Philippine Sea... The US heavy cruiser Indianapolis is sunk by a Japanese submarine.

    In New Guinea... The US 6th Division (Sibert) lands unopposed on the islands of Amsterdam and Middleburg, off Cape Sansapor. Task Force 78 (Admiral Berkey) provides naval support.

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 4:20:48 AM PDT · 6 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Coutances Passed (Daniel) – 2-3
    Searching for Snipers in a French Town (photo) – 3
    Fierce Tank Fight Won by Americans (Boyle) – 3
    General Assails Critics of British – 4
    War News Summarized – 4
    Suburbs Shelled – 5-6
    Top Ace Missing on Eve of Leave – 6
    Bombers Again Hit Leuna Oil Plants (Anderson) – 7
    Florence Battle in Final Stages – 7
    New York’s Archbishop at the Italian Front (photo) – 8
    B-29’s Fire Plants (Warren) – 9-10
    Guam Invaders Win Orote Peninsula (James) – 10
    Command Post Has Wild Guam Dawn (Trumbull) – 11
    American Marines Hitting the Beach at Guam (photo) – 11
    First Big Air Blow Rips at Halmahera (by Lindesay Parrott) – 12
    Latest Casualties Reported by Army – 13
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 14-16

    The News of the Week in Review
    In the East and West the Allies Drive On (maps) – 17-18
    Closing In – 19-22
    Quotations – 22
    Fifteen News Questions – 23
    New Bold Tactics Won Victory in Normandy (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 24
    The Three Zones of Japan’s Defensive System (map) – 25
    ‘Fortress Japan’ Has Three Defensive Zones (by Sidney Shalett) – 26
    Soviet Speed and Power Overwhelms the Nazis (by W.H. Lawrence) – 27
    “Will Return Later” (cartoon) – 28
    Answers to Fifteen News Questions – 28

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 4:19:33 AM PDT · 5 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0730-coutances32_zps7f7796e7.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 4:18:53 AM PDT · 4 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0730-coutances31_zpsb042024b.jpg

    Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., 32d Infantry Division in World War II

  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 4:18:06 AM PDT · 3 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 4:17:21 AM PDT · 2 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0730-coutances29_zpsdaa6b52a.jpg
  • NAZIS WITHDRAWING THEIR ENTIRE WEST WING AS AMERICANS CONTINUE TO GAIN IN NORMANDY (7/30/44)

    07/30/2014 4:14:12 AM PDT · 1 of 71
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 6:27:05 AM PDT · 14 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to The_Victor; Tax-chick; PapaNew

    I just read an excerpt from “One Hell of a War: Patton’s 317th Infantry Regiment in WWII” over at facebook that puts Patton in France on July 27. The 317th was close behind.

  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 5:13:10 AM PDT · 11 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick
    “Patton is Reported on Normandy Front”

    I'm not sure how accurate that is. The Third Army was established in France on 1 August, So Patton could well have been in France a few days prior to that but Operation Cobra was First Army. Maybe German intelligence got it right.

  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:39:22 AM PDT · 9 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/29.htm

    July 29th, 1944 (SATURDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The US Eighth Air Force flies 2 missions:

    - Mission 503: 1,228 bombers and 755 fighters are dispatched to hit oil targets in Germany and airfields in France in 3 groups; 17 bombers and 7 fighters are lost.

    (1) 569 B-17s hit the Leuna synthetic oil plant at Merseburg, 13 hit Gottingen, 11 hit Hildesheim marshalling yard, and 10 hit targets of opportunity; 15 B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 429 P-38 Lightnings, P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs; 7 P-51s are lost.

    (2) 442 B-24s hit the Oslebshausen oil refinery at Bremen, 2 hit targets of opportunity and 1 hit Cuxhaven; 2 B-24s are lost. Escort is provided by 106 P-51s.

    (3) 38 B-24s hit Juvincourt Airfield and 26 hit Couvron Airfield at Laon, France. Escort is provided by 142 P-51s.

    - Mission 504: 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.

    Cap. Arthur Jeffrey (479th FG) claimed a Me 163 destroyed, but probably the enemy plane managed to escape in a vertical dive, as no losses were reported in German records for that day. (77)

    - 44 B-24s are dispatched on CARPETBAGGER missions; 12 abort.

    Personal Memory: My diary reads: “Mersberg, Germany, (near Leipzig.) Same target as yesterday. (Leuna Oil Works.) Saw terrific dog fights over target between our P-51s and enemy fighters. Target CAVU and FLAK was terrific. Got several holes this time. Had third new crew. Carried 20 X 250-pound general purpose bombs. Flight time, 8 hours and thirty five minutes. Over enemy territory 4 hours and twenty minutes.” I was flying the “Betty Jane” again today for an assault on Germany’s most heavily defended city. My new crew for today was that of Lt. P. F. Cureton, Jr. Ironically and tragically he was to be killed in action on November 21st at this very same target. The only survivor of his nine man crew would be Radio Operator, Tech Sgt. J. A. Ellis German farmers would murder most of the others. The navigator was hanged on the spot and Cureton and his copilot were stabbed to death with pitch forks. This kind of treatment was not unusual when one bailed out over Germany itse lf, but was rare in occupied countries. On today’s mission the 303rd Bomb Group supplied 13 aircraft for the 41st “C” Wing, High group. We did a plan “D” Group assembly over Harrington Buncher at 17,000 ft and flew in Combat Wing Formation while slowly climbing to 26,000 ft. At the IP (Initial Point) we took group interval for visual bombing and dropped our bombs from a magnetic heading of 95 degrees. At the target we saw about fifteen Me109s trying to attack the lead group but they were being harassed by our P-51s. Just after bombs away, four of the fifteen managed to elude the P-51s and made a single pass from 12 o’clock high (like the movie) through the lead group without shooting any down. We were probably lucky that these were Me109s and not FW190s with their new 30 MM cannon. After we dropped our bombs we made a sharp turn to the right to avoid flak, and at this time rejoined the Wing formation for our return to Molesworth. Over England we dropped down to one thousand

    feet and eventually had to fly at three hundred feet because of low clouds. We probably scared a lot of live stock and a few people, including us. At the target there were no photographs of the actual bomb bursts as they were concealed in smoke and shadows in the target area. The Germans always tried to conceal their important targets with smoke screens, but with limited success. The lead Group’s bombs fell a little short of the MPI (Main Point of Impact.) They had approached the target at 103 degrees magnetic. The Low Group’s bombs appeared to fall right on target. They flew to the target at 102 degrees magnetic. Our heading of 95 degrees gave us a good separation from the prop wash of the other groups and our bombs were right on target. The lead group of the “D” Wing following us headed to the target at 98 degrees but their lead bombardier didn’t quite kill the drift and their bombs fell a couple hundred yards to the left of the MPI. Of the 51 (!) B-17 aircraft furnished by our group for this mission, 32 sustained battle damage but none were shot down thanks largely to the efforts of our P-51s over the target. Several of our B-17s had major damage from flak and many had a few flak holes, including my poor old “Betty Jane.” Many times the ground crews repaired the holes so well that I couldn’t find them. I even made mental notes on some occasions and still could not find them. These guys were good! Of course this was much more difficult on unpainted airplanes. Most of the B-17s built after 1943 were left unpainted except for identifying markings. It was impossible to hide from the German Radar or their optical devices. Being new crews, we generally were assigned whatever plane was ready to go. This meant that we flew twelve different B-17s in combat, and they all flew about the same. Of course most of the Brass flew in their favorite planes most of the time. I will note here that the Brass never shirked the tough missions, going on some of th e most dangerous missions of the war. When we flew to Berlin of Hamburg there was always a squadron Commander or equal rank in the lead plane. And the lead plane was the prime target for flak gunners as well as fighter aircraft. Score: Milk Runs 13 others 14 (Dick Johnson)

    FRANCE: The UX XIX Corps is advancing on Torigny and Tessy. The US VII Corps reaches Percy and The US VIII Corps crosses the Sienne and advance towards Granville.

    ASW trawler HMS Lord Wakelfield sunk by German aircraft off Normandy.

    HMS Prince Leopold was hit by a Gnat from U-621 off Normandy. The ship was hit on the portside amidships, capsized and sank.

    GERMANY: U-872 (Type IX D2) Badly damaged at Bremen by US bombs during Mission 504. 1 dead. Taken out of service 10 August 1944 and later broken up. (Alex Gordon)

    During an air raid on Bremen, U-873 was damaged and 4 men were wounded. One of them (Matrosenhauptgefreiter Fritz Grusa) died in December.

    U-3509 laid down.

    U-2327 launched

    U-1064, U-3501 commissioned.

    ALBANIA: Allied troops land south of Spilje.

    FINLAND: Finnish Sgt. Vilho Rinkineva in a captured I-153 (biplane) shot down an Airacobra from Soviet 773rd Fighter Aviation Regiment over Loimola in northern Karelia (see: http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/finland_rinkineva.htm).

    EASTERN FRONT: The Neimen River is crossed by the Third Belorussian Front.

    14 P-38s, taking off from bases in the USSR , sweep the Kecskemet, Hungary area.

    ITALY: Weather cancels all bombing operations by the US Fifteenth Air Force

    CHINA: 70+ US XX Bomber Command B-29 Superfortresses operating from Chengtu bomb the Showa Steel Works at Anshan, Manchuria and harbour at Taku; the first B-29 to be shot down on a combat mission falls to 5 fighters near Chenghsien (which the B-29 bombs after engine trouble causes an abort from the primary mission); another B-29 bombs Chinwangtao before making a forced landing at a friendly field near Ankang.

    A B-29 of the 771st Bombardment Squadron, aircraft number 42-6256 “Ramp Tramp” lands in Soviet territory. “Ramp Tramp,” commanded by Captain Howard R. Jarrell (crew consisting of Pops Bailey, Early Lewis, Keat Paul, Frank Sommers, Jerome Zuercher, Frank Carney, Herbert Bost, Mike J. Losik and George Hummel), was badly damaged. Jarrell decided to head toward Vladivastok, believing they could not make it back to a base in China. Once Soviet mechanics repaired and refueled the aircraft, they could take off and return to China. During the flight to Vladivostok, the B-29 suffered several electrical systems failures, with the radio able to receive but not transmit. However, once the B-29 landed at Vladivostok, the Russian air force retained the aircraft and interned the crew. (Mike Yared)(286)

    KURILE ISLANDS: Three US Eleventh Air Force B-24s from the Aleutian Islands fly bombing and reconnaissance runs over Shimushu Island and Paramushiru Island sites including Kurabu Cape installations.

    NEW GUINEA: A Japanese pocket around Ibdi, on Biak, is eliminated by US forces.

    TINIAN: Japanese resistance is increasing now that the US Marines have occupied most of the northern half of the island.
    In support of the operations in the Mariana Islands, US Far East Air Force B-24s bomb supply areas in Woleai Atoll; the nearby islands of Mariaon and Tagaulap are also hit. US Seventh Air Force P-47s continue to hit Tinian Island while B-24s hit Truk Atoll and B-25s attack Ponape Island.

    MARIANAS ISLANDS: USMC troops capture Orote Airfield on Guam.

    CANADA: HMC ML 128 commissioned.
    HMS LST 3536 and 3537 ordered from Canadian Vickers Ltd, Montreal. HMS LST 3540 ordered from Davie Shipbuilding and Repair Co Lauzon Province of Quebec. HMS LST 3544 and 3545 ordered from Marinne Industries Ltd Sorel Province of Quebec. HMS LST 3548, 3549, 3550, 3551 and 3552 ordered from United Shipyards Ltd. Montreal Province of Quebec. HMS LST 3553 and 3554 ordered from Yarrows Ltd Esquimalt, British Columbia.

    U.S.A.: The first successful test of the Pelican guided missile is conducted 44 miles (70.8 km) offshore from NAS New York, New York; 2 of the 4 missiles hit the target ship.

    The US heavy cruiser USS Baltimore (CA-68) with President Franklin D Roosevelt aboard, departs Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, for Adak, Aleutian Islands.

    Betty Hutton’s record of “It Had To Be You” makes it to the Billboard Pop Singles chart. The song is from the motion picture “Show Business” starring Eddie Cantor, Joan Davis, George Murphy and Nancy Kelly. This is her first single to make the charts and it stays there for 12 weeks reaching Number 5.

    Destroyer USS Gregory commissioned.

    Destroyer escort USS Parle commissioned.

    Minesweepers USS Pledge and Skurry commissioned.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-618 shot down an RAF 172 Sqn Wellington.

  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:38:13 AM PDT · 8 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/jul44/29jul44.htm#

    Soviets cross the Niemen
    Saturday, July 29, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Eastern Front... The Soviet 3rd Belorussian Front crosses the Niemen River.

    On the Western Front... The advance of US 1st Army continues. On the left flank, the US 19th Corps approaches Torigny and Tessy. The 7th Corps reaches Percy. On the right flank, the 8th Corps crosses the Sienne River and moves toward Granville.

    In the Mariana Islands... On Tinian, the American forces now occupy more than half the island. Japanese resistance is increasing.

    On New Guinea... On Biak the last pocket of organized Japanese resistance, around Ibdi, is eliminated. On the mainland, near Aitape, American forces fall back at Afua under pressure from Japanese forces.

  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:37:07 AM PDT · 7 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Norman Trap Set (Daniel) – 2-4
    In a Spirit of Good Cheer (photo) – 3
    Patton is Reported on Normandy Front – 4
    War News Summarized – 4
    Warsaw Imperiled (Lawrence) – 5-6
    Pontiff Bids Poles Work with Russia – 6
    Noon Robot Blast Rips Restaurant – 6-7
    3,000 U.S. Aircraft Rip Nazi Oil Bases (Anderson) – 7
    Most German Amusements End; Low Living Standard is Ordered (Axelsson) – 7-8
    Amery Bans Talks on India Blockade – 8
    First B-29 Daylight Blow Hits Manchuria Industry (Shalett) – 8-9
    2,000 Japanese Die in Attack on Guam (Horne) – 9
    On Their Way to Reclaim First U.S. Possession Taken by Japanese (photo) – 10
    Japanese Suicides Use Machine-Gun (by Robert Trumbull) – 11
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 12-14
    16 U.S. Wounded Die as Plane Crashes – 14
  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:35:58 AM PDT · 6 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top Ten for the Week of July 29, 1944

    #1 - “I’ll Be Seeing You” – Bing Crosby
    #2 - “Swinging on a Star” – Bing Crosby
    #3 – “I’ll Get By” - Harry James, with Dick Haymes (reissue of 1941 recording)
    #4 – “I’ll Be Seeing You” – Tommy Dorsey, with Frank Sinatra
    #5 - “G.I. Jive” – Louis Jordan
    #6 – “Amor” - Bing Crosby
    #7 - “His Rocking Horse Ran Away” – Betty Hutton
    #8– “Good Night, Wherever You Are” – Russ Morgan
    #9 - “Long Ago (and Far Away)” – Jo Stafford
    #10 - “Amor” – Andy Russell

  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:35:20 AM PDT · 5 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0729-norman20_zps31d2802a.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:34:38 AM PDT · 4 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0729-norman17_zpsd1769dcb.jpg

    William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:33:38 AM PDT · 3 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:32:48 AM PDT · 2 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    St. Lo and Vicinity: The Cobra Operation, 25-29 July 1944
    Normandy, 1944: The St. Lo Breakthrough – Operations 25-31 July 1944
    The Marianas Islands: Tinian 1944 – Seizure of Tinian, 24 July-1 August 1944
    The Marianas Islands: Guam 1944 – Invasion of Guam, 21 July-8 August 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Operation Bagration – Operations, 22 June-19 August, 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • U.S. TROOPS JOIN IN OUTSKIRTS OF COUTANCES; RUSSIANS TAKE BREST-LITOVSK AND PRZEMYSL (7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:32:16 AM PDT · 1 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • “The Canterville Ghost,” “Shadows in the Night” (Movie Reviews-7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:25:55 AM PDT · 4 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Netflix only has 1997 and 2003 versions of this movie so your facilitator has nothing to add to Bosley Crowther's comments regarding this movie.

    “The Canterville Ghost” original trailer

  • “The Canterville Ghost,” “Shadows in the Night” (Movie Reviews-7/29/44)

  • “The Canterville Ghost,” “Shadows in the Night” (Movie Reviews-7/29/44)

    07/29/2014 4:22:11 AM PDT · 1 of 10
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • DEEP AMERICAN THRUST IS NEARING COUTANCES, THREATENS SEVEN NAZI DIVISIONS IN NORMANDY (7/28/44)

    07/28/2014 2:13:30 PM PDT · 19 of 32
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick; laplata
    On page 13, there’s a small item, “Bombing of troops in error explained.”

    Good catch. I guess some of the dots are still waiting to be connected.