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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 6:34:09 AM PDT · 13 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to goodnesswins

    Do you know what ship he was on?

  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 5:49:30 AM PDT · 11 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Sivad

    It looks like the 11th Airborne will arrive at Leyte on November 11. My father will arrive with the 32nd ID three days later. They had to wait until then because the transports that brought the initial landing force had to turn around and go back to New Guinea to pick up the reinforcements.

  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 4:50:42 AM PDT · 9 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/21.htm

    October 21st, 1944 (SATURDAY)

    NORTH SEA: The German patrol boat F 631 attacked U-245 in the North Sea by error.

    WESTERN EUROPE: Bad weather grounds USAAF Ninth Air Force bombers. Fighters fly armed reconnaissance and attack railroads in western Germany and support elements of the U.S. Third and Seventh Armies in eastern France and western Germany.

    NETHERLANDS: During the day, 75 RAF Bomber Command Lancasters carry out an accurate visual bombing of a coastal battery at Flushing; one Lancaster is lost.

    FRANCE: U.S. Lieutenant General Omar Bradley, Commanding General 12th Army Group, orders the U.S. Ninth, First, and Third Armies to prepare for a drive to the Rhine, with 5 November as the target date for the Ninth and First Armies and 10 November for the Third Army.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army’s XV Corps area, the 79th Infantry Division launches a full scale assault on the heights east of Foret de Parroy, with the 313th Infantry Regiment on the left, the 315th in the center, and the 314th on the right. Some progress is made against strong opposition. In VI Corps area, the 179th Infantry Regiment of the 45th Infantry Division enters Brouveleures after the main body of Germans has withdrawn and begins to clear rear-guard opposition. As the 7th Infantry Regiment continues toward St Die, clearing Domfaing, the 3d Infantry Division commits the 15th Infantry Regiment to the left. The 36th Infantry Division is improving positions east of Bruyêres.

    GERMANY: Aachen finally surrenders to US forces. The extended battle by elite German formations including paratroopers, and ten day siege leaves much of it in ruins.
    The city was taken only after close-quarter battles fought from house to house. Five brave attempts to break the siege line were made last night, all broken by American fire-power. This morning the garrison commander, Col. Gerhardt Wilck, sent two US captives as messengers to negotiate surrender. With about 400 men he marched to the headquarters of Lt-Col. John Cortez to insist upon proper treatment for his defeated soldiers.
    From the back of a US Jeep he told his men: “I believe further fighting is useless. I have acted against my orders, to fight to the last man. The American commander says I cannot give you ‘Sieg Heil’ or ‘Heil Hitler’, but we say it in our hearts.”

    The garrison, totalling 1,626 men, had run out of food, ammunition and water. Most of the town’s ancient streets had become impassable because of debris. In the centre only the mediaeval cathedral was still basically intact. The civilian population demanded a surrender ten days ago.

    Berlin: Once again Grand Admiral Donitz has shown himself to be a formidable opponent. The Royal Navy hoped that the war at sea would be virtually over as soon as the Allied forces captured the heavily-armoured French bases which have harboured the U-boats for most of the war.

    Donitz was ahead of them. He moved the main U-boat fleet out to bases in Norway and has been rapidly refitting the fleet with a newer and more sophisticated Schnorkel. Yet despite the new device, the Allies managed to sink 19 U-boats last month.

    The advantages of the Schnorkel were demonstrated by Count von Matuschka in U-482. He did a round voyage from Norway of 2,729 miles, over 90% of which was under water. He preyed undetected on the main sea route north of Ireland and sank the corvette HMS HURST CASTLE and four ships.

    The Schnorkel is a long tube which extends up to the surface and enables air to be drawn into the submarine while it is submerged. It has a valve which closes if a large wave sweeps over the tube. The valve stops water getting in - but it also cuts off the air, brings the U-boat crew near to suffocation, and hurting their eardrums when the air rushes in again. The Germans first started experimenting with Schnorkel devices as early as 1940.

    Donitz started to fit them in large numbers as soon as he realized that British aircraft were decimating the U-boats. The Schnorkel not only allows them to stay submerged but also enables them to pick up long-range wireless signals undetected by the British. It does tend to slow a U-boat by several knots. So far German successes have been small in number. But the presence of the Schnorkel boats is still tying up a large number of Royal Navy ships in escort duties for merchant ships.

    During the night of 21/22 October, RAF Bomber Command sends 242 Halifaxes and 21 Pathfinder Lancasters to bomb Hannover but they are recalled because of deteriorating weather in England. All aircraft landed safely. Meanwhile RAF Mosquitos attack four targets: four bomb Pforzheim, two hit Dusseldorf , and one each attack Cologne and Leverkusen. There are no losses.

    U-2356, U-2357, U-2536 laid down.

    U-3513, U-3514 launched.

    U-2341 commissioned.

    HUNGARY: Elements of the Soviet Second Ukrainian Front pushing west from Szeged reach the Danube River at Baja, south of Budapest.

    B-24 Liberators of the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombs two marshalling yards (M/Y): 104 aircraft bomb the M/Y at Szombathely and 49 bomb the Main M/Y at Gyor without loss. Almost 100 P-38 Lightnings and P- 51 Mustangs escorts strafe Szombathely and Seregelyes Airfields and rail lines between Sajoszentpeter to Ipolyszog.

    During the night of 21/22 October, an RAF bomber of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group drops leaflets over Budapest.

    YUGOSLAVIA: During the night of 21/22 October, 60 RAF bombers of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb the marshalling yard at Maribor; four aircraft are lost. Three other RAF bombers drop supplies to partisans.

    ITALY: The British V and Canadian I Corps continue crossing the Savio River.

    Pte. Ernest Alvia Smith (b.1914), Canadian Army, destroyed two tanks and two self-propelled guns and routed a number of German troops. (Victoria Cross)

    In the U.S. Fifth Army area, the South African 6th Armoured Division commits fresh troops on Mt. Salvaro and completes the capture of Mt. Alcino. In the British XIII Corps area, the 38th Brigade of the 78th Division makes another unsuccessful attempt to take Mt. Spadura. The 21st Brigade, Indian 8th Division, pushes almost to the summit of Mt. Romano.

    In the British Eighth Army’s Polish II Corps area, the 5th Kresowa Division, pressing northwest toward Route 67, which leads to Forli, takes Strada St. Zeno in the Rabbi River valley and the summit of Mt. Grosso. V Corps expands its three bridgeheads across the Savio River despite heavy rainfall and rapidly rising water. The Indian 10th Division’s 20th Brigade pushes toward Mt. Cavallo on the left flank of the corps while the 25th Brigade attacks to expand the bridgehead from St. Carlo. The 4th Division completes the capture of Cesena and crosses additional forces over the Savio River there, although handicapped by lack of a permanent bridge. In the Canadian I Corps area, The Canadian 1st Division at 2000 hours begins an attack across the Savio River with the 2d Brigade, supported by diversionary fire of the 3d Brigade, and secures a bridgehead.

    USAAF Twelfth Air Force B-26 Marauders, in the days only medium bomber mission, attack the Nervesa della Battaglia railroad bridge and causeway; fighters and fighter-bombers operate in close support of the U.S. Fifth Army forces south of Bologna and fighter-bombers also hit communications in northern Italy as far north as Verona and as far west as Turin.

    CHINA: Three USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells and 130+ P-40s and P-51 Mustangs attack shipping, gun positions, troop areas, bridges, town areas, road traffic, and other targets of opportunity around Yuma, Takhing, Dosing, Konghow, Shawan, Kuanyang, Kweiping, Tungpingchi, Tingka, Muse, Wan Lai-Kam, Shekpo, Menghsu, and Amoy.

    BURMA: Fifteen USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts damage at least three bridges throughout the railroad corridor in northern Burma; 15 other P-47s support ground forces in the Mohnyin area, hitting gun positions and defensive works at Ywathit; 12 others attack positions and occupied areas around Bhamo and Muse, six knock out the Paungni River bridge, and four attack the town of Mawhun; about 270 sorties are flown by Tenth Air Force transports in the China-Burma-India Theater.

    NEW GUINEA: In Northeast New Guinea, USAAF Fifth Air Force B-25 Mitchells and fighter-bombers hit Misami Island.

    In Dutch New Guinea, USAAF Fifth Air Force fighter-bombers attack Mongosah (Cape Tanahmerh) and Sagan Aerodromes. Meanwhile, 81 (P-40) Kittyhawks of three Australian squadrons dive bomb the town of Mumi.

    EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb Parepare on Celebes Island.. Other fighter-bombers hit Kaoe Bay supply areas on Halmahera Island; Boela Aerodrome and Amboina town area on Ceram Island.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: On Leyte Island, the Japanese decide to make a strong effort to defeat the Americans instead of fighting a delaying action as planned. Generals Walter Krueger, Franklin Sibert, and John Hodge take command ashore of Sixth Army, X Corps, and XXIV Corps, respectively. In X Corps area, 2d Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division seizes Tacloban and southern half of hill to the southwest; the 1st Brigade drives west, taking Utap and Caibaan. The 34th Infantry Regiment, on the northern flank of the 24th Infantry Division, undergoes a determined Japanese counterattack, beginning at 0100 hours, in the Pawing area. Artillery and USN Seventh Fleet aircraft assist after daylight in routing the Japanese, more than 600 of whom are killed. The 2d Battalion then attacks the ridge to the west but cannot take it. The 19th Infantry Regiment clears the far slope of Hill 522 and, with strong fire support, takes Palo. In the XXIV Corps area, the 96th Infantry Division’s 383d Infantry Regiment begins working around Catmon Hill, which is actually a series of hill positions. 1st Battalion secures Labiranan Head but, since the Japanese remain in this area, pulls back to the Labiranan River. The 2d Battalion gains positions 300 yards (274 meters) north of Tigbao and the 3d Battalion, positions 1,110 yards (1 015 meters) north of the barrio. The 382d Infantry Regiment drives on Tigbao but is slowed by pillboxes as well as swampy terrain. The 7th Infantry Division attacks toward Dulag and Burauen Airfields with the 32d and 184th Infantry Regiments. The 32d, against considerable opposition, gets forward elements (2d and 3d Battalions) to the regimental beachhead line. The 184th Infantry Regiment easily takes Dulag Airstrip by 0900 hours and continues west to positions about 1,000 yards (914 meters) beyond the beachhead line, but a gap exists between it and 32d Infantry Regiment.

    Naval support is from the US Seventh Fleet and one group of Task Force 38. Air strikes on Cebu, Panay, Negros and Masbate Islands are made by two other groups of TF 38.

    At 0605 hours in the Leyte Gulf, a Japanese “Val” dive bomber (Aichi D3A, Navy Type 99 Carrier Bomber) crashes into the foremast of the heavy cruiser HMAS Australia (D 84). A fire starts but is put out by 0635 hours. The ship’s captain and 21 others are killed or die of injuries and 64 others are injured. The commodore’s staff transfers to the heavy cruiser HMAS Shropshire and HMAS Australia retires to Manus Island in the Admiralty Islands.

    USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators bomb Cagayan and B-25 Mitchells attack a truck convoy near Kibawe on Mindanao Island.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: Twenty eight USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Saipan Island bomb Iwo Jima.

    PALAU ISLANDS: The Japanese resistance on Angaur Island ends. Losses are: Japanese 1,300 KIA and 45 POW; US 264 KIA and 1355 WIA. US heavy bomber units are already operating from Angaur. The Palaus were declared secure on September 30 by US Admiral Fort.

    CANADA: Light cruiser HMCS Uganda (ex-HMS Uganda) commissioned Charleston, South Carolina.

    U.S.A.: Major General Clayton L. Bissell becomes Assistant Chief/Air Staff, Intelligence (A-2) in Washington, DC. He was formerly CG of the US 10th Air Force.

    A new command, Marine Carrier Air Groups, is established under Aircraft, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, to direct the formation and training of Marine Corps squadrons destined to operate from air support escort carriers. Current plans called for the formation of six Marine Carrier Air Groups, each composed of a fighter and a torpedo squadron, four of them to be assigned to escort carriers and two to function as replacement and training groups.

    Submarine USS Chub commissioned.

  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 4:48:57 AM PDT · 8 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/21oct44.htm#

    Aachen surrenders to Americans
    Saturday, October 21, 1944 www.onwar.com

    American troops enter Aachen [photo at link]

    On the Western Front... Aachen is surrendered to American forces.

    In Italy... British 5th Corps and Canadian 1st Corps continue to cross the Savio River.

    In the Palau Islands... Organized Japanese on Angaur ends. A total of 1300 Japanese are killed and 45 are captured. American forces have suffered 265 dead and 1335 wounded. US heavy bombers are operating from the airfield. The Japanese garrisons on the remaining isldands in the group are left isolated.

    In the Philippines... Elements of US 24th Corps capture Dulag Airfield; Tacloban village is taken by forces of US 10th Corps. American forces are unable to link the two beachheads. Ships of the US 7th Fleet and one group of US Task Force 38 (part of US 3rd Fleet) provide naval and air support to the land battles. Meanwhile, two groups of TF38 launch air strikes against targets on Panay, Cebu, Negros and Masbate.

  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 4:48:01 AM PDT · 6 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Drives Under Way – 2-3
    Leyte Invasion Opens Way to Cut Life Lines of Japan (Kluckhohn) – 3
    45 U.S. Writers See Philippine Landing – 3
    Two Ghost Ships of Pearl Harbor Come Back to Haunt the Japanese (Wilson, Schedler) – 4
    Terauchi is Identified as MacArthur’s Foe; War Lord Has Reputation for Ruthlessness – 4
    Diseases Menace Philippine Force – 4
    We Return to the Philippines: Invasion Armada, Its Objective and Commanders (photos) – 5-8
    War News Summarized – 8
    Hodges Takes City (Middleton) – 9-10
    Canadians Strike North of Antwerp – 10
    Soviet Gains Grow – 11-12
    1,750 Big Bombers Rip Reich Cities (by Richard J.H. Johnston) – 12
    De Gaulle Divides France into Zones (by Harold Callender) – 13
    At the Funeral of Field Marshal Gen. Erwin Rommel (photo) – 14
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 15-17
  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 4:47:01 AM PDT · 5 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top Ten for the Week of October 21, 1944

    #1 - “You Always Hurt the One You Love” – Mills Brothers
    #2 – “Is You Is or Is You Ain’t (Ma’ Baby)” – Bing Crosby, with the Andrews Sisters
    #3 - “I’ll Walk Alone” – Dinah Shore
    #4 - “Swinging on a Star” – Bing Crosby
    #5 – “I’ll Walk Alone” – Martha Tilton
    #6 - “I’ll Walk Alone” – Mary Martin
    #7 - “Together” – Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
    #8 – “And Her Tears Flowed Like Wine” – Stan Kenton, with Anita O’Day
    #9– “It Had to Be You” - Dick Haymes/Helen Forrest
    #10 - “The Trolley Song” – Pied Pipers

  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 4:43:14 AM PDT · 4 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 1021-drives19_zpsb7f7a0c2.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 4:42:26 AM PDT · 3 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 4:41:45 AM PDT · 2 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea, and the Philippine Islands: The Invasion of Leyte (KING II), 17-20 October 1944 and the Battle for Leyte Gulf, 23-25 October 1944
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • HUGE ARMY SWEEPING FORWARD ON LEYTE, WITH GREAT BATTLE FLEET POUNDING FOE (10/21/44)

    10/21/2014 4:41:10 AM PDT · 1 of 16
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:23:37 AM PDT · 10 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/20.htm

    October 20th, 1944 (FRIDAY)

    FRANCE: Kuroda, Robert T, SSgt., 442nd Regimental Combat Team, for actions at Bruyeres, is posthumously awarded the MOH. The 100th Infantry Battalion takes the important “Hill C” at Bruyeres.

    Marseilles: Pierre Laval is sentenced to death in absentia for collaborating with the Germans.

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, the Germans heavily shell 90th Infantry Division elements at Maizières-lès-Metz. In the XII Corps area, USAAF Ninth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts breach a dam at Dieuze because the Germans are getting ready to flood the Seille River valley. The destruction of this dam releases the waters of the Etang de Lindre (Pond of Lindre) in the rear of German lines which the II Corps is attacking.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army area, two fresh U.S. infantry divisions (100th and 103d) arrive at Marseille. In the VI Corps area the 179th Infantry Regiment of the 45th Infantry Division attacks for Brouvelieures after preparatory fire and gains the heights commanding the town; the 180th Infantry Regiment, which has been pushing toward the Mortagne River from the Freinifontaine area, tries in vain to break through the German defenses along the river. The 3d Infantry Division begins a drive on St Die, employing the 7th Infantry Regiment, which heads for Vervezelle, northeast of Bruyères.

    WESTERN EUROPE: USAAF Ninth Air Force fighters fly armed reconnaissance over eastern France and widespread areas of western Germany, attack railroads and various military targets, and support US Third and Seventh Armies’ elements in E France.

    BELGIUM: An offensive towards the north beginning northeast of Antwerp begins involving the British I Corps and the 1st Canadian Army.

    NETHERLANDS: In the Canadian First Army area, British I Corps, protecting the right flank of II Corps, opens a drive toward the Bergen-op-Zoom-Tilburg highway with the Canadian 4th Armoured Division on the left, the 49th Division in the center, and the Polish 1st Armored Division on the right.

    The USAAF Ninth Air Force’s 9th Bombardment Division hits the Parenboom rail bridge at Geertruidenberg and the Moerdijke rail bridge; attacks on other targets are aborted because of bad weather.

    GERMANY: In the U.S. First Army’s VII Corps area, the 26th Infantry Regiment of the 1st Infantry Division, which is being assisted by elements of 110th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division, forces the Germans to the western and southwestern suburbs of Aachen.

    The XIX Tactical Air Command (one of the three TACs assigned to the Ninth Air Force) breaches the dam at Dieuze causing extensive flooding in the rear of German lines which the US 3rd Army is attacking. The details are: P-47s of the 362d Fighter Group, XIX TAC, breach a dam at Dieuze. The Germans were getting ready to flood the Seille River valley and the destruction of this dam released the waters of the Etang de Lindre.

    USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses and B-24 Liberators bomb six targets: 95 bombers hit the marshalling yard at Rosenheim; 77 B-17s bomb two targets in Regensburg, 34 hitting an oil storage facility and 33 bombing the industrial area; 11 B-24s attack the airfield at Bad Arling; and three aircraft bomb targets of opportunity.

    U-3011 launched. and

    AUSTRIA: Forty one USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators hit the Main marshalling yard at Innsbruck; one aircraft is lost.

    HUNGARY: Russian units liberate Debrecen. These units involved were primarily the Romanian 2nd and 3rd Mountain Divisions, plus the Tudor Vladimirescu Division (the latter organized and equipped like a standard Soviet rifle division but made up entirely of Romanian volunteers recruited from POW camps in Russia: many joined simply to escape the virtual death sentence of harsh Soviet captivity). These three units, comprising the “Russian” 27th Army, were of course under Soviet command (in addition, the Tudor Vladimirescu division, nominally commanded by a Romanian colonel, was in reality controlled by its Soviet “advisors”). (Michael F. Yaklich)

    Eichmann”>Eichmann starts the rapid deportation of Jews to the death camps again.

    During the night of 20/21 October, 59 RAF bombers of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb the airfield at Szombathely with the loss of five aircraft.

    POLAND: Auschwitz-Birkenau: Huge bundles of camp documents are burnt in the crematorium to try to conceal the evidence of deaths, tortures and medical experiments.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: One hundred thirty one USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb a synthetic oil plant at Brux with the loss of three aircraft. Two other B-17s bomb the Skoda armaments factory at Pilsen and a target of opportunity.

    ITALY: The British V Corps enters Cesena. The South African 6th Armored Division stops a German counterattack south of Bologna.

    In the British Eighth Army’s V Corps area, the Germans destroy a bridge in Cesano as the 4th Division reaches it, but elements of the 12th Brigade wade the river near the bridge site. The 25th Brigade, Indian 10th Division, strengthens the bridgehead in the Castiglione area and takes S.t Carlo; to the south, elements of the 20th Brigade secretly cross the Borello River. In the Canadian I Corps area, the Canadian 1st Division attacks across the Savio River with two companies but cannot hold the bridgehead. In the coastal sector, Cesenatico is occupied after the Germans withdraw.

    In the U.S. Fifth Army area, the South African 6th Armoured Division maintains positions on Mt. Salvaro under repeated German counterattacks and gains the slopes of Mt. Alcino. In the II Corps area, the 88th Infantry Division continues the offensive on the right flank of the corps, the 350th Infantry Regiment reaching the top of Mt. Cuccoli and taking Farneto. To forestall German counterattacks against the Mt. Grande hill mass, aircraft and artillery interdict all approaches. The rest of the corps front is virtually static. In the British XIII Corps area, the Germans recapture Mt. Spadura from the 78th Division. The 21st Brigade, Indian 8th Division, begins a drive on Mt. Romano.

    During the night of 20/21 October, USAAF Twelfth Air Force A-20 Havocs bomb targets of opportunity during intruder missions north of battle area., and nine RAF bombers of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group hit a pontoon bridge at San Benedetto.

    YUGOSLAVIA: Tito’s partisans and Russian units complete the liberation of Belgrade. The First Proletarian Division, the elite formation of Tito’s Army of National Liberation, drove the Germans out of Belgrade today, freeing Yugoslavia’s capital from the hated occupiers. Tito can now enter Belgrade in triumph.

    It was, in fact, a combined operation between partisans led by two of Tito’s most successful commanders, Dapcevich and Popovich, and troops of General Tolbukhin’s Third Ukrainian Front. The strategy, if not the tactics, of the operation had been worked out with Stalin during Tito’s clandestine visit to Moscow last month.

    The liberation of Belgrade is a tremendous political victory for Tito, who has emerged as the clear winner in the struggle for power inside Yugoslavia with the royalist Draza Mihailovich. There seems little doubt now that he will impose a communist regime on Yugoslavia after the war.

    The battle for Belgrade was a bloody affair, with the Germans fighting desperately to keep open their line of retreat from Greece and Albania. This retreat is under constant harassment from the RAF and USAAF, who are co-operating with the partisans.

    The fall of the city will make tremendous difficulties for General Lohr’s Army Group E on its fighting retreat to the north. Lohr is in grave personal danger. His occupation has been marked by cruelty. If he should fall into the partisans’ hands, they would show him no mercy.

    The “Russian” units involved were primarily the Romanian 2nd and 3rd Mountain Divisions, plus the Tudor Vladimirescu Division (the latter organized and equipped like a standard Soviet rifle division but made up entirely of Romanian volunteers recruited from PoW camps in Russia: many joined simply to escape the virtual death sentence of harsh Soviet captivity). These three units, comprising the “Russian” 27th Army were, of course, under Soviet command and the Tudor Vladimirescu division (nominally commanded by a Romanian colonel, was in reality controlled by its Soviet “advisors”). (Mike Yaklich)

    Belgrade: The Balkan states are falling like dominoes to the Red Army. Romania and Bulgaria collapsed swiftly and are now fighting against their erstwhile German allies. The Yugoslavs, who have conducted a brave guerrilla war against the Germans, have liberated their own capital and joined the Russians in harassing the retreating Germans.

    Now it is Hungary’s turn. The Hungarian army has been fighting with more conviction against the advancing Russians than it ever did as the Wehrmacht’s ally on the eastern front, but there are signs that its resistance is coming to an end.

    The First Hungarian Army which with a stiffening of Germans, has been holding the Carpathian passes has thrown in its hand, and General Petrov’s Fourth Ukrainian Front is pouring south through the mountain gorges which lead down into the vaaley of the upper Tisza.

    At the same time Malinovsky, having defeated Friessner in the tank battle of Debrecen, is driving north towards Budapest. The Hungarian capital is in turmoil, with huge numbers of refugees passing through the city, and the government is appealing for discipline: “Panic-stricken flight must give way to calm and manliness.”

    Dubrovnik on the Adriatic is liberated by partisans.

    CHINA: Eighteen USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells bomb docks and storage area at Samshui and the town of Kweiping; 28 P-51 Mustangs and P-40s join the attack on the Samshui area; 77 P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance attack road, river, and rail traffic, town and village areas and other targets of opportunity around Kweiping, Menghsu, Shawan, Kaotienhsu, Pingnam, Hsenwi, Wuchou, Dosing, Tanchuk.

    BURMA: Nine USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts hit encampments and stores near Naha; five others knock out a road bridge near Wanling and hit a supply dump in the area, while four more attack troops and supplies in the Nansiaung area.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force fighter-bombers attack coastal areas including Hongay.

    JAPAN: The Japanese Navy institutes Operation SHO-GO. To counter the U.S. landings on Leyte in the southern Philippines, a Japanese naval force consisting of four aircraft carriers, two battleships, three light cruisers, eight destroyers and only 116 combat aircraft, sorties from the Inland Sea for the Philippine Islands. This force, under Vice Admiral OZAWA, Tokusaburo, Commander-in-Chief Third Fleet and commander of the Northern Force, will act as a decoy to draw off the USN battleships and fast carriers so that other surface units can sink the American Seventh Fleet ships off Leyte.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: It is D-Day at Leyte. The escort and fleet carriers which have provided preparatory attacks and the US 5th Air Force provide air cover. The US 7th Fleet provides bombardment and escort for the US 6th Army. The landing troops involve 4 divisions from 2 Corps.

    Two hours after the initial landings on Leyte, General MacArthur lands. At noon, wearing a crisp new uniform specially donned for the occasion, he stepped from the cruiser USS NASHVILLE into a landing-craft, to be transported to the beach, where he waded in knee-deep surf to the beach. He broadcasts to the Philippine people announcing: “I have returned”. Thus redeeming his promise of 1942 upon arriving in Australia from Corrigidor.

    Two hours later, with the Philippine president in exile, Sergio Osmena, by his side, MacArthur proclaimed in a voice trembling with emotion: “People of the Philippines, I have returned! ... Rally to me!” He said that the blow at Leyte would split the 225,000-man Japanese Philippines garrison in two, making its forces on Mindanao redundant.

    The 600-ship invasion armada, the largest amphibious operation in the Pacific, had been accelerated by two months after reconnaissance had revealed surprising gaps in the defence forces. The landings began three days ago with the capture of three offshore islands. Tonight 100,000 US Sixth Army troops are dug in around Leyte’s capital, Tacloban and Dulag to the south.

    The Leyte landings surprised the defenders, who put up little opposition after their beach pillboxes were captured. Most of Leyte’s 21,500-string garrison has now withdrawn inland. The Japanese Philippines C-in-C, General Yamashita, was expecting the main attack to be against Luzon, hit by US air raids again yesterday, and is hurriedly moving men to Leyte.

    The Japanese respond by launching their operation Sho-go. This will involve their entire remaining fleet units. Admiral Ozawa leaves Japan with his carriers in a decoy role.

    Wai, Francis B., Capt., 34th ID, is awarded the MOH for actions today at Leyte. (William L. Howard)

    The U.S. Sixth Army invades Leyte Island, landing on the east coast in the vicinity of Tacloban, the capital, and Dulag at approximately 1000 hours. Two firm beachheads are established, but at the end of day they are nearly 10 miles (16 kilometers) apart. In a preliminary operation, the 21st Infantry Regiment of the 24th Infantry Division lands well to the south in the vicinity of Panaon Strait at 0930 hours and secures the strait without opposition. Before landings, naval guns of the USN Seventh Fleet pound the assault zone, beginning at o6oo hours, and lifting for a time at 0850 hours for an air strike on the Dulag area. Aircraft provide close support throughout the day. The X Corps lands 2 divisions abreast in the north in the vicinity of Tacloban. On the northern flank, the 1st Cavalry Division, with the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the 2d Cavalry Brigade and the 12th and 5th Cavalry Regiments of the 1st Cavalry Brigade, lands and clears San Jose, Tacloban airstrip, and the Cataisan Peninsula. The 24th Infantry Division, with the 34th Infantry Regiment on the north and 19th on south, meets heavy fire after initial waves have landed; against strong opposition they seize Hill 522, the key terrain feature north of Palo commanding the northern entrance to Leyte Valley, and secure a bridgehead averaging 1 mile (1,6 kilometers) in depth. The XXIV Corps lands near Dulag with the 96th Infantry Division on the north and the 7th Infantry Division on the south. The 96th is slowed by harassing fire and difficult terrain but takes San Jose, positions astride Labiranan River, and Hill 120; they push inland about 2,500 yards (2 286 meters) on the N and 1,300 yards (1 189 meters) on the south. The 7th Infantry Division gets forward elements on the north across Highway 1 and on the south takes Dulag and reaches the edge of the airstrip, where counterattacks are repelled during the night of 20/21 October.

    Forty six USAAF Fifth Air Force B-24 Liberators bomb a Japanese Army headquarters at Davao on Mindanao Island while 12 B-25 Mitchells attack Dumaguete Airfield on Negros Island. Twelve P-38 Lightnings and 16 P-47 Thunderbolts attack numerous targets on Mindanao and Negros.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: In the Palau Islands, Major General Paul Mueller, Commanding General 81st Infantry Division, takes responsibility for ground operations in the Palaus from the III Amphibious Corps. Elements of 81st seize Pulo Anna Island in the Sosoral Group, between the Palau Islands and Morotai.

    SOLOMON ISLANDS: Special Task Air Group (STAG 1) operations continue from Stirling Island in the Treasury Islands. Three Interstate TDR-1 target drones controlled from converted TBM-1C Avengers are launched against Japanese gun positions west of Ballale Island located south of Bougainville: one is lost, one makes a hit with its bomb but crashes before it can be directed into its ultimate target (the beached Japanese freighter serving as an antiaircraft gun site off the Kahili Airfield on southern Bougainville and christened the “Kahili Maru”), the last achieves a bomb hit and crashes into “Kahili Maru” as planned.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: 0300 hours: USS Hammerhead (SS-364) sinks two cargo ships at 04-45 N, 113-30 E.

    0400 hours: USN submarine USS Hammerhead (SS-364) finds a six-ship Japanese convoy and sinks a transport and an army cargo ship of the west coast of Borneo about 176 nautical miles (326 kilometers) west-southwest of Jesselton, British North Borneo, in position 04.46N, 113.23E. (Skip Guidry)

    CANADA:

    Tug HMCS Maxwellton commissioned.

    Frigate HMCS Capilano arrived Halifax from Esquimalt.

    Frigates HMCS Sea Cliff, Cap De La Madeleine and corvette Beauharnois arrived Halifax from builders Quebec City PQ

    U.S.A.: Four YP-80A-LO’s were prepared for shipment to the UK and the Mediterranean to demonstrate their capabilities to combat crews and to help in the development of defensive tactics to be used against the Me 262.

    Top songs on the pop record charts are: “I’ll Walk Alone” by Dinah Shore; “Is You is or is You Ain’t” by Bing Crosby and The Andrews Sisters; “It Had to Be You” by Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes; and “Smoke on the Water” by Red Foley.

  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:22:15 AM PDT · 9 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/20oct44.htm#

    US invasion of Philippines
    Friday, October 20, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In the Philippines... Elements of the US 6th Army (Krueger) land on the east coast of Leyte. The 1st Cavalry and 24th Infantry Divisions of the US 10th Corps (Sibert) come ashore to the south of Tacloban; the 96th and 7th Infantry Divisions of US 24th Corps (Hodge) land around Dulag. A total of 132,000 troops are landed during the day. Naval support is provided by the US 7th Fleet (Admiral Kinkaid). Additional naval support is provided the elements of the US 3rd Fleet (Admiral Halsey). Additional air support is provided by the US 5th Air Force. The defending Japanese 16th Division conducts a fighting withdrawal from the beachheads to prepared positions inland to await reinforcements. American forces capture Tacloban Airfield during the day but are unable to link the two beachheads. A few hours after the initial assault troops land, General MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in the Southwest Pacifc, comes ashore and makes a radio broadcast to the people of the Philippines, recalling his promise to return. During the night, Japanese forces launch unsuccessful counterattacks against the beachheads.

    In Japan... A carrier fleet, including 1 large carrier, 1 small carrier, 2 seaplane carriers, and 2 hybrid carrier-battleships as well as small ships, sails for the Philippines as part of Operation Sho-go. This force, the Northern Force (Admiral Ozawa) is intended to draw off the main American naval forces operating around the Philippines, to the northeast. Meanwhile, the 2nd Striking Force (Admiral Shima) sets sail with 3 cruisers and 7 destroyers.

    In North Borneo... Japanese naval forces assemble for a counterattack in the Philippines as part of Operation Sho-go.

    On the Western Front... The British 1st Corps (part of Canadian 1st Army) begins attacking northward from northeast of Antwerp. The US 19th Tactical Air Force breaches the dam at Dieuze, causing extensive flooding to the rear of German 1st Army, opposite US 3rd Army.

    In Italy... The South African 6th Armored Division (an element of US 5th Army) repulses a German counterattack. To the east, the British 4th and 46th Divisions of British 5th Corps (part of British 8th Army) enter Cesena.

    On the Eastern Front... Belgrade is capture by a joint force of Soviet forces and Yugoslavian partisans. Partisan forces also take Dubrovnik on the Adriatic coast. In Hungary, Soviet forces capture Debrecen.

  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:20:49 AM PDT · 8 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Beachheads Won – 2-3
    Army’s Invasion Casualties Rise to 174,780 in French Zone – 3
    Our Pacific Forces Keyed for Big Task (Parrott) – 4-5
    Fleeing toward Foe, Halsey Tells Nimitz – 5
    ‘We’ll Strangle’ War Lords, Roosevelt Statement Says – 5
    The Texts of Roosevelt Statements – 6
    Allies Win Tiddim, Burma Fortress – 6-7
    East Prussia is Hit – 8-9
    Warsaw Patriots Killed, Poles Say – 9
    Allies Near Venlo (Daniel, Currivan) – 10-11
    3,300 Insane Flee under Nazi Shells – 11
    War News Summarized – 11
    Machine-Gunning the Germans, Setting Up a Field Piece and Digging In (photos) – 12-14
    1,000 U.S. Bombers Hit Rhine Plants – 15
    A Smooth-Talking New Yorker and His Prisoners (photo) – 15
    Corregidor Trek is On (Baldwin) – 16
    Dumbarton Plan Assailed by Group – 16
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 17-19
  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:18:55 AM PDT · 7 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The following letter was written at Hollandia, New Guinea, as the 32nd ID was staging to join the party on Leyte Island.

     photo 1020-beachheads28_zps2c8d89a4.jpg

     photo 1020-beachheads29_zpsd3e5153a.jpg
  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:17:45 AM PDT · 6 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The first excerpt below is continued from October 16. The second is continued from October 14.

     photo 1020-beachheads27_zpsf68ff0a9.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:17:01 AM PDT · 5 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 1020-beachheads25_zps0b8cfb39.jpg

     photo 1020-beachheads26_zps5eb0882f.jpg

    Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., 32d Infantry Division in World War II

  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:15:10 AM PDT · 4 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from October 17.

     photo 1020-beachheads22_zps01e2ee21.jpg

     photo 1020-beachheads23_zps0ddc3281.jpg

     photo 1020-beachheads24_zps08dcd25f.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:14:09 AM PDT · 3 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:12:52 AM PDT · 2 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea, and the Philippine Islands: The Invasion of Leyte (KING II), 17-20 October 1944 and the Battle for Leyte Gulf, 23-25 October 1944
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • M’ARTHUR INVADES CENTRAL PHILIPPINES; FOOTHOLD TO SPLIT ISLANDS FIRMLY HELD (10/20/44)

    10/20/2014 4:12:21 AM PDT · 1 of 23
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • ALLIES WIN ‘SPRINGBOARD’ POINTS IN HOLLAND; CARRIERS HIT PHILIPPINES IN 9TH DAY OF DRIVE (10/19/44)

    10/19/2014 5:03:35 AM PDT · 7 of 53
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/19.htm

    October 19th, 1944 (THURSDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The Eighth Air Force flies 2 missions.

    Mission 683: 1,022 bombers and 753 fighters in 3 forces attack targets in Germany using PFF or GH; 5 B-24s, a B-17, a P-47 and a P-51 are lost:

    - 381 B-24s are dispatched to hit the diesel engine and armored vehicle plant at Gustavsburg (50) and the Mainz marshalling yard (280) the secondary target; 5 B-24s are lost. Escort is provided by 195 P-47s and P-51s; a P-47 is lost.

    - 217 B-17s hit the secondary target, Mannheim; 34 others hit a target of opportunity; a B-17 is lost. Escort is provided by 286 P-47s and P-51s; a P-51 is lost.

    - 374 B-17s are dispatched to hit an artillery tractor plant at Mannheim (25); 257 hit the secondary, Mannheim; targets of opportunity are Karlsruhe (32), Kreuznach (10), Rudesheim (9), Bad Kreuznach (8), Steyer (2) and other (21). Escort is provided by 226 P-47s and P-51s.

    Mission 684: 5 B-17s and 5 B-24s are dispatched to drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

    Frigates HMS Loch Tarbert and Widemouth Bay launched.

    BELGIUM: In the Canadian First Army’s II Corps area, the newly arrived 52d Division enters action, taking over the Canadian 3d Division’s bridgehead north of the Leopold Canal and continuing the reduction of the Breskens Pocket. A junction is made between the Leopold Canal and Savojaards Plaat bridgehead forces.

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Seventh Army’s VI Corps area, the 36th Infantry Division completes the capture of Bruyères after three days of fighting. he 100th Infantry Battalion, 36th Division, takes Hill A, the key to Bruyeres, the 2nd Battalion takes Hill B, and enters the town. The 3d Infantry Division, less the 30th Infantry Regiment which remains in the Le Tholy area, closes in an assembly area behind the 45th Infantry Division in preparation for a drive on St Die. (Gene Hanson & Jack McKillop)

    Barney Hajiro, a member of the US 442nd Regimental Combat Team, was a sentry on top of an embankment when he assisted Allied troops attacking a house 200 yards away by exposing himself to German fire directing fire at a strongpoint. He either killed or wounded two German snipers. (MOH)

    GERMANY: German resistance is being worn down by the continuing fighting around Aachen.
    The German commander exhorts his men to fight to the last man.

    In the U.S. First Army’s VII Corps area, German resistance at Aachen is diminishing rapidly; efforts to break the encirclement from outside the city cease and the garrison is told to fight to the finish. The 26th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, continues to clear the city and takes Salvator Hill. Task Force Hogan, 3d Armored Division, seizes the Lousberg heights and is given task of cutting the Aachen-Laurensberg highway.

    “U.S. Major General Pete Corlett [commander XIX Corps] had been under intense strain since D-day. As I said previously, his health was not good. During the Aachen fight, he showed signs of breakdown. Unable to control a red-hot temper, he antagonized Hodges [commander, United States First Army] and his staff and, as he recalled candidly in his memoir, even his own loyal staff. On October 19, I relieved him of command, without prejudice, and recommended that he be returned to the States for ‘rest and a complete physical check-up.’ I replaced him with Ray McLain, the National Guardsman who had so ably commanded the 90th Division.” [From A General’s Life by Omar Bradley] (Jay Stone)

    The Red Army pushes into East Prussia.

    In East Prussia, the Soviet Army forces the withdrawal of the German 4.Armee (Hossbach) from the Tilsit area.

    Alfred Naujocks deserts to the Americans and at Nuremberg the following year gives a number of sworn affidavits. In one he gives his account of the “faked incident” at Gleiwitz on the evening of 31 August 1939, which Hitler has used to justify his attack on Poland. (Shirer I)

    During the night of 19/20 October, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 565 Lancasters and 18 Mosquitos in two forces, 4.5 hours apart to bomb Stuttgart; 564 aircraft hit the city with the loss of six Lancasters. The bombing is not concentrated but serious damage is caused to the central and eastern districts of Stuttgart and in some of the suburban towns. Among individual buildings hit are the important Bosch factory. A second mission is flown to Nuremburg by 263 Lancasters and seven Mosquitos; 258 aircraft bomb the city with the loss of two Lancasters. This is only a partial success for the No 5 Group method and the knock-out blow on Nuremberg, which has eluded Bomber Command for so long, is not achieved. The target area is found to be almost completely cloud-covered. The aiming point is believed to have been the centre of the city but the local report says that the bombing fell almost entirely in the southern districts, but this is the industrial area of Nuremberg. Mosquitos fly two mission without loss; 44 of 48 aircraft sent bomb Wiesbaden and five of six dispatched bombs Düsseldorf.

    In Western Europe, weather prevents Ninth Air Force bomber operations but fighters attack a tank concentration east of Luneville, France, strafe targets northwest of Kaiserslautern, Germany, fly reconnaissance in western Germany, and provide cover for US Third and Seventh Army forces in eastern France.

    U-2535, U-3026, U-4701 laid down.

    U-3013 launched.

    U-2515, U-3008, U-3507 commissioned.

    NORWAY: U-957 (Type VIIC) is in collision with a German steamer in Lofoten Islands (Norway) and taken out of service at Trondheim on 21 Oct 1944. It is taken to England on 29 May 1945 and broken up. (Alex Gordon)

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army area, elements of the 6th South African Armoured Division gain positions on the slopes of Mt. Salvaro, though elements to the right are still short of Mt. Alcino, southeast of Mt. Salvaro. In the II Corps area, since the 34th Infantry Division has been unable to break through in center of corps front, the main effort is shifted to the right flank toward Mt Grande and Mt. Cerere. After reaching favorable positions for an attack and saturation bombardment of Mt. Grande area by aircraft and artillery, the 88th Infantry Division attacks in the evening, taking Mt. Cerere with ease and reaching the crest of Mt. Grande by dawn of 20 October, 24 hours ahead of schedule. The 85th Infantry Division assists the 88th and gains lower slopes of Mt. Fano. In the British XIII Corps area, the 78th Division attacks toward Mt. Spadura and Mt. dell Acqua Saluta with the 38th and 36th Brigades, respectively, taking the latter and gaining a precarious hold on Mt. Spadura. The 21st Brigade, Indian 8th Division, clears Mt. Pianoreno. The 17th Brigade gets elements to the top on Mt. Casalino, but they are driven off. The 1st Division’s 66th Brigade gains a firm hold on Mt. Ceco and pushes toward Mt. delle Valle.

    In the British Eighth Army’s Polish II Corps area, the 5th Kresowa Division finds Civitella di Romagna undefended. In the Corps area, the 46th Division closes in on Cesena; elements push into the southern part of the city in a vain effort to take a bridge. The Indian 10th Division moves the rest of the 20th Brigade across the Savio River to the Falcino area; establishes another small bridgehead across the Savio with elements of 25th Brigade from Roversano during the night of 19/20 October. While the Canadian 1st Division is closing in on Cesano, the New Zealand 2nd Division reaches the road extending northeast from there.

    Bad weather restricts strategic operations by the Fifteenth Air Force to reconnaissance missions.

    Twelfth Air Force redesignates HQ XII Fighter Command as HQ XXII Tactical Air Command following a reorganization period during which the XXII Tactical Air Command was temporarily referred to as “X” Tactical Air Command and “X-Ray” Tactical Air Command, to distinguish it from HQ XII Fighter Command around which it was formed.

    Twelfth Air Force B-26 Marauders attack the Mantua causeway, a railway fill at Ossenigo, and bridges at Calcinato and Peschiera del Garda; a Luftwaffe fighter attack northwest of Mantua accounts for 2 B-26s lost and 1 missing; at least 2 of the attacking fighters are destroyed; B-25s attack bridges in the Milan area at Lonate Pozzolo, Cameri, and Magenta; fighter-bombers of the XXII Tactical Air Command hit targets in support of ground forces, concentrating on the Monte Grande area, and attack rail lines and bridges north of the battle zone. On the night of 18/19 October A-20 Havocs hit targets of opportunity during armed reconnaissance in the Genoa and Bologna areas. (John Nicholas and Jack McKillop)

    MEDITERRANEAN SEA: The German torpedo boat TA-18, (ex Italian Solferino) is sunk by the British destroyers HMS Termagant ® 89) and Tuscan ® 56).

    CHINA: 100+ Fourteenth Air Force P-51 Mustangs and P-40s on armed reconnaissance over southern China hit numerous targets of opportunity from the Tungting Lake area to Luichow Peninsula; the fighter-bombers concentrate on rivercraft, troop compounds, and building areas.

    BURMA: In the Northern Combat Area Command (NCAC) area, the 29th Brigade of the British 26th Division takes Mohnyin, where the Japanese have abandoned large supplies of stores and ammunition.

    10 Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts bomb the approaches to 2 bridges in the Mawlu area and 15 support ground forces in the Mohnyin area, hitting the village of Nyaunggaing and damaging a nearby bridge and pounding the railroad station at Kadu.

    JAPAN: An Eleventh Air Force B-24 bombs Kurabu Cape on Paramushiru Island in the Kurile Islands.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The USN’s Task Group 38.1 (Vice Admiral John S. McCain) and TG 38.4 (Rear Admiral Ralph E. Davison) continue attacks on principal Japanese airfields near Manila and shipping in the harbor. Navy carrier-based planes sink an army cargo ship and 4 merchant cargo ships, damage an oiler and a cargo ship so severely that the ship is run aground. TG 38.1 and TG 38.4 then proceed south to provide direct support for the landings at Leyte.

    Meanwhile, TG 38.2 refuels at sea.

    Aircraft from the escort aircraft carriers of Task Group 77.4 attack targets in the southern Philippines. Twenty four TBM Avengers and 48 FM Wildcats attack targets on Negros; 15 TBMs and 28 FMs attack targets on Panay. Throughout the day, a rotating force of 14 TBMs and 28 FMs patrol over the Dulag-Tacloban area on Leyte to attack ground targets as required.

    On Luzon, Admiral Takijiro Onishi, commander of the Japanese 1st Air Fleet in the Philippines, activates a “Kamikaze Corps” to fly suicide missions against U.S. ships off Leyte. Onishi resorts to suicide tactics out of desperation. Japanese air attacks on American naval forces have been cut to ribbons, and he now believes the only way Japanese pilots can sink ships is to crash-dive them. When Onishi proposes the “divine wind” mission to two squadrons, every pilot volunteers.

    The Leyte assault convoy moves safely to Leyte under protection of the USN Seventh Fleet. Underwater demolition teams (UDTs) complete a reconnaissance of the assault areas and preinvasion bombardment continues.

    The USN submarine USS Narwhal (SS-167) lands men and supplies on southwest coast of Negros.

    USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberators attack shipping from Zamboanga south in the Sulu-Mindanao Island area.

    SOLOMON ISLANDS: Special Air Task Force (STAG 1) based on Stirling Island in the Treasury Islands, continues operations with Interstate TDR-1 target drones. Two flights (one TDR each) are launched against Japanese gun positions west of Ballale. In the first, one drone misses its target during its run; in the second, the drone drops part of its ordnance [the two four-100-pound (45.4 kg) bomb clusters] on the target before it crashes.

    EAST INDIES: Far East Air Forces B-24s attack Parepare, Celebes Island. Fighter-bombers hit Amboina on Ambon Island and Boela Airfield on Ceram Island and shipping from Zamboanga south in the Sulu-Mindanao Island area, pound the airfield on Cebu Island, Philippine Islands, hit nearby shipping, and strafe Miti, Djailolo, and Hate Tabako on Halmahera Island.

    NEW GUINEA: In Dutch New Guinea, A-20s and fighter-bombers blast airfields at Urarom, Sagan, and Babo.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: Seventh Air Force B-24s on armed reconnaissance from Saipan bomb a bridge, a pier, and the town area on Yap Island.

    CENTRAL PACIFIC: USN destroyer escort USS Gilligan (DE-508) bombards Mille Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

    0000 hours: Submarine USS Raton (SS-270) sinks a destroyer at 12-24 N, 118-42 E.

    0300 hours: Submarine USS Tambor (SS-198) sinks a destroyer escort at 34-26 N, 139-52 E. (Skip Guidry)

    In the Makassar Strait between east Borneo and west Celebes Island in the Netherlands East Indies, a USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24 Liberator sinks a Japanese weather ship.

    CANADA:

    Frigate HMCS Meon assigned to EG-27 Halifax.

    Corvette HMCS Belleville commissioned.

    Frigate HMCS Penetang commissioned.

    U.S.A.: The US Navy allows black women to join. They will be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES). (William Howard)

    Washington: Strong clashes between Allied leaders in China as the Japanese offensive progresses this autumn have persuaded President Roosevelt that the irascible General Joseph “Vinegar Joe” Stilwell, chief of staff to Chiang Kai-shek, had to go. It is surprising that he was not recalled sooner. Chiang had demanded his recall, claiming that Stilwell had no intention of co-operating with him. Roosevelt, finally convinced that the two were incompatible, informed Chiang yesterday that Stilwell was to be relieved and that he would supply another chief of staff.

    It was Chiang’s belief that Stilwell favoured the reconquest of Burma rather than the war in eastern China. Stilwell never hid his contempt for Chiang and referred to him both publicly and privately by his absurd codename “Peanut”. Stilwell is to take up a desk job in the Pentagon. Mountbatten’s deputy chief of staff, Lt-Gen A. C. Wedemeyer, replaces Stilwell as Chiang’s adviser.

    The motion picture “Bluebeard” is released today. This horror thriller, directed by Edgar G. Ulmer, stars John Carradine and Jean Parker. The plot is about an artist in Paris who strangles the models after he finishes their portraits.

    In New York City, 20-year-old Marlon Brando makes his stage debut on Broadway in the hit play “I Remember Mama”.

    Destroyer USS William R Rush laid down.

    Escort carrier USS Vella Gulf launched.

    Submarine USS Carbonero launched.

  • ALLIES WIN ‘SPRINGBOARD’ POINTS IN HOLLAND; CARRIERS HIT PHILIPPINES IN 9TH DAY OF DRIVE (10/19/44)

    10/19/2014 5:01:26 AM PDT · 6 of 53
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/19oct44.htm#

    British capture Tiddim
    Thursday, October 19, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In Burma... British forces capture Tiddim.

    In the Philippines... The American escort carriers of TG77.4 continue air strikes on Leyte. The US 15th Air Forces raids targets on Mindanao. The Japanese air forces suffer substantial losses in the ongoing American operations. Remaining aircraft are concentrated on Luzon in 1st Air Fleet (Admiral Onishi).

    In the Nicobar Islands... Elements of the British Eastern Fleet continue diversionary operations with air strikes on the islands. Considerable damage is caused but the operation fails to divert Japanese attention from American operations in the Philippines.

    On the Western Front... American attacks on Aachen continue. Farther south, forces of the US 7th Army capture Bruyeres. Nearby, other units prepare to assault St. Die.

    In Italy... Troops of the British 10th Indian Division, part of British 5th Corps (an element of British 8th Army) attack across the Savio River.

  • ALLIES WIN ‘SPRINGBOARD’ POINTS IN HOLLAND; CARRIERS HIT PHILIPPINES IN 9TH DAY OF DRIVE (10/19/44)

    10/19/2014 5:00:34 AM PDT · 5 of 53
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    British Move Line (Daniel, Currivan) – 2-3
    Germans Prolong Agony of Aachen (Middleton) – 3-4
    New Guns Give Us Big Edge in France (Daniell) – 4-5
    Stalking the Enemy in the Rubble of Aachen (photo) – 4
    War News Summarized – 5
    Winner of Congressional Medal Returns from Heroic Service on European Fronts – 5
    Red Armies Linked – 6-7
    Slovaks Disavow Aim for Autonomy – 7
    Cologne Hit Again; RAF Attacks Bonn – 7
    Pincers in Italy Close on Cesena – 7
    Carrier Craft Smash 7 Ships; New Atoll Seized in Pacific (Horne) – 8
    TUC Pins Crimes on German People – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 10-12
    Out of the War Comes a Strange Story (photo) - 12
  • ALLIES WIN ‘SPRINGBOARD’ POINTS IN HOLLAND; CARRIERS HIT PHILIPPINES IN 9TH DAY OF DRIVE (10/19/44)

    10/19/2014 4:59:07 AM PDT · 4 of 53
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Reply 3 (not continued):

     photo 1019-british14_zpsb555e786.jpg

    Barbara W. Tuchman, Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-45

  • ALLIES WIN ‘SPRINGBOARD’ POINTS IN HOLLAND; CARRIERS HIT PHILIPPINES IN 9TH DAY OF DRIVE (10/19/44)

    10/19/2014 4:57:52 AM PDT · 3 of 53
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • ALLIES WIN ‘SPRINGBOARD’ POINTS IN HOLLAND; CARRIERS HIT PHILIPPINES IN 9TH DAY OF DRIVE (10/19/44)

    10/19/2014 4:56:59 AM PDT · 2 of 53
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea, and the Philippine Islands: The Invasion of Leyte (KING II), 17-20 October 1944 and the Battle for Leyte Gulf, 23-25 October 1944
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • ALLIES WIN ‘SPRINGBOARD’ POINTS IN HOLLAND; CARRIERS HIT PHILIPPINES IN 9TH DAY OF DRIVE (10/19/44)

    10/19/2014 4:56:29 AM PDT · 1 of 53
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • JAPANESE FLEET FLEES AT SIGHT OF U.S. FORCE; BLOWS AT PHILIPPINES AND FORMOSA CONTINUE (10/18/44)

    10/18/2014 8:01:54 AM PDT · 16 of 27
    Homer_J_Simpson to exit82; mowowie

    Glad y’all enjoy the threads. I learn a lot putting them together. We have less than 11 months to go now.

  • JAPANESE FLEET FLEES AT SIGHT OF U.S. FORCE; BLOWS AT PHILIPPINES AND FORMOSA CONTINUE (10/18/44)

    10/18/2014 5:22:04 AM PDT · 10 of 27
    Homer_J_Simpson to Larry Lucido

    They clammed up.

  • JAPANESE FLEET FLEES AT SIGHT OF U.S. FORCE; BLOWS AT PHILIPPINES AND FORMOSA CONTINUE (10/18/44)

    10/18/2014 4:20:01 AM PDT · 6 of 27
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/18.htm

    October 18th, 1944 (WEDNESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 682: 567 bombers and 604 fighters are dispatched to hit targets in Germany; 5 bombers and 5 fighters are lost:

    - 337 B-17s are dispatched to make a PFF attack on Kassel/Mittefeld (300); targets of opportunity are Cologne (1) and other (2); 2 B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 388 P-47s and P-51s; 4 P-51s are lost.

    - 118 B-17s are dispatched to make a GH attack on the Ford Plant at Cologne (79); 30 others hit Cologne/Nippes marshalling yard. Escort is provided by 38 P-47s.

    - 112 B-24s are dispatched to make a GH attack on the industrial complex at Leverkusen (39); 30 others hit the Cologne/Nippes marshalling yard; 3 B-24s are lost. Escort is provided by 139 P-51s; a P-51 is lost.

    Frigate HMS Loch Glendhu launched.

    BELGIUM: At a conference in Brussels, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force, issues plan for an offensive, with tentative dates. First priority for the 21st Army Group is to open Antwerp port. The British Second Army is to be prepared to drive southeast between the Meuse and Rhine rivers about 10 November to support the U.S. advance across the Rhine. The U.S. First Army is to cross the Rhine in the Cologne area between 1 and 5 November. The U.S. Ninth Army, after covering the north flank of the First Army while it is pushing to the Rhine, is to help First Army envelop and clear the Ruhr. The U.S. Third Army will cover the right flank of the First Army and refrain from offensive operations until it has sufficient logistical support.

    FRANCE: Allied HQ: Plans for an Allied military government of Germany were unveiled today at Eisenhower’s HQ. The German government will be suspended; all state and Nazi Party property will be seized; armed resistance will be punishable by death; the courts of law will be purged of Nazi influence; newspapers will be shut down and new ones licensed.

    English will be the official language of government. Fraternisation between Allied personnel and German civilians will be forbidden. German laws involving discrimination on grounds of race, religion or political opinion will be abrogated.

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Seventh Army’s VI Corps area, the 36th Infantry Division breaks into Bruyères and clears most of town.

    GERMANY: Adolf Hitler orders the establishment of the Deutscher Volkssturm, a nation-wide militia force. All able-bodied German males16-60 are liable for conscription into the Volkssturm. (John Nicholas and Jack McKillop)

    In the U.S. First Army VII Corps area, the Germans are making strenuous efforts to break the encirclement of Aachen. The 1st Infantry Division, strongly reinforced, renews the assault on Aachen; the 26th Infantry Regiment takes Observatory Hill and is methodically clearing the heart of the city. Task Force Hogan, 3d Armored Division, is committed to help the 26th Infantry Regiment clear the commanding ground overlooking the city.

    US General McClain replaces General Corlett as CO of the XIX Corps, US 1st Army.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command attacks Bonn. This is the first major operation by No 3 Group in the new independent role which its commander, Air Vice-Marshal R Harrison, has been granted. Approximately one third of the group’s Lancasters are now fitted with the G-H blind-bombing device and No 3 Group are to operate on days when the ground is concealed by cloud but when the cloud tops did not exceed 18,000 feet (5 486 meters). Aircraft with G-H have their tail fins painted with a prominent design; aircraft without G-H found a G-H “leader” to follow into the target area and bomb when that aircraft bombed. G-H is a relatively accurate, easy-to-operate and very useful device and No 3 Group are to make good use of it in the remaining months of the war. The device has been used before, but not by a large force. Air Vice-Marshal Harrison requested that the almost unbombed and unimportant town of Bonn should be the target for this first operation, possibly so that post raid reconnaissance photographs could show the results of the first G-H raid without the effects of other bombing confusing the interpretation of the photographs. One hundred twenty eight Lancasters are dispatched and 127 bombed; the raid appears to go well and only one aircraft is lost. The attack is a complete success. The heart of old Bonn is destroyed, with its university, many cultural and public buildings and a large residential area being burnt out. The local report says that the home in which Beethoven lived is saved “the courageous actions of its caretakers.” Seven hundred buildings are destroyed and 1,000 are seriously damaged.

    During the night of 18/19 October, RAF Bomber Command dispatches Mosquitos to bomb: 19 attack Hannover, 18 hit Mannheim, five each bomb Pforzheim and Lohausen Airfield at Dusseldorf and three bomb a chemical plant at Wiesbaden .

    Weather prevents operations of all Ninth Air Force commands (including the 9th Bombardment Division) except IX Tactical Air Command fighters which fly sweeps, rail cutting missions, and night patrols, and provide air cover for the US 1st Infantry Division in the Aachen, Germany, area.

    U-2355, U-3027, U-3526 laid down.

    U-2332, U-2343, U-2521, U-3012 launched.

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army’s II Corps area, the 34th Infantry Division makes limited progress on slopes of Mt. della Vigna but cannot break through German positions on Mt. Belmonte. The 339th Infantry Regiment, 85th Infantry Division, reaches a fork in the main ridge between the Idice and Sillaro Rivers north of Monterenzio. The 88th Infantry Division is slowly clearing the approaches to the Mt. Cuccoli-Mt. Grande ridge and bringing reserves forward. In the British XIII Corps area, the 36th Brigade, 78th Division, finds Mt. la Pieve undefended. 21st Brigade, Indian 8th Division, gains ground south of Mt. Pianoreno, from which the Germans have withdrawn.

    In the British Eighth Army’s Polish II Corps area, the 5th Kresowa Division takes Galeata without opposition. In the V Corps area Acquarola and Celincordia fall to the Indian 10th Division and 46th Division, respectively. The Indian 10th Division is ordered to attack across the Savio River. In the Canadian I Corps area, the New Zealand 2d Division begins crossing the Pisciatello River at 2300 hours. The Canadian 1st Division takes Ponte della Pietra. The Greek 3d Mountain Brigade is withdrawn from the line in preparation for their departure from Italy.

    Most Twelfth Air Force medium bomber missions are aborted because of weather, but B-26s effectively hit Castel San Pietro dell’Emilia warehouses and a railroad bridge at Padua; fighters and fighter-bombers, operating on restricted schedule due to weather, offer effective close support to ground forces in the mountains south of Bologna and hit communications targets in the Bologna and Modena areas; during the night of 17/18 October, A-20 Havocs on armed reconnaissance bomb lights and vehicles east of Bologna.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: The Soviet Fourth Ukrainian Front pours into eastern Czechoslovakia on a broad front from Poland, driving through Carpathian passes.

    German units are retreating rapidly from southern YUGOSLAVIA.

    YUGOSLAVIA: The Allies acknowledge Marshall Tito as head of the Yugoslavian state.

    The Fifteenth Air Force dispatches 38 P-38 Lightnings to dive-bomb Vinkovci

    GREECE: The Greek government of George Papandreou, exiled since 1941, returns home.
    Santorini and Scarpanto, Greece are occupied by British forces. Patros is opened for shipping.

    The USAAF Fifteenth Air Force sends 41 P-51 Mustangs to escort C-47 Skytrains to Greece.

    CHINA: General Joseph Stilwell, Commanding General US China-Burma-India Theater of Operations, Chief of Staff to Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, Commander-in-Chief Northern Area Combat Command (NCAC) and Deputy Supreme Command, South-East Asia Command (SEAC), is recalled from China by U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt. Roosevelt informs Chiang Kai-shek of Stilwell’s recall, adding that while no other U.S. officer will be named to command Chinese forces, Major General Albert Wedemeyer, Deputy Chief of Staff South-East Asia Command (SEAC), is available to act as the Generalissimo’s chief of staff, a proposal that is acceptable to Chiang Kai-shek.

    100+ Fourteenth Air Force P-40s and P-51s fly armed reconnaissance over vast areas of China south of the Yangtze River, attack town areas, troops, rivercraft, gun positions, supply facilities, airfields, and other targets of opportunity around Kweiping, Shangkaishow, Tajungchiang, Konghow, Wuchou, Shepchung, Hsinganhsien, Tengyun, Liutu, Tanchuk, and Takhing. Railroad targets at Lang Son, French Indochina, are also attacked.

    BURMA: In the British Fourteenth Army’s XXXIII Corps area, after hard fighting on the approaches to Tiddim earlier in the month, the Indian 5th Division enters the town without opposition.

    13 Tenth Air Force P-47s attack Mingaladon Airfield, 21 support ground forces in the Mohnyin area, 8 knock out 2 bridges at Wanting, and 6 hit troops near Hwemun; 6 B-25s damage approaches to 2 road bridges at Wuntho; 6 other B-25s damage approaches to 2 bridges at Namhkai and Meza. Transports again fly nearly 300 sorties to several locations in the CBI.

    FRENCH INDOCHINA: USAAF Fourteenth Air Force fighter-bombers attack railroad targets at Lang Son.

    JAPAN: Tokyo: The government orders Operation Sho-go [Victory], intended to remove the US threat to the Japanese home islands.

    Receipt of the warning that American troops have landed in the Philippines, Admiral TOYODA Soemu, Commander in Chief Combined Fleet, orders Operation SHO-1 which calls for defending the Philippines against American invasion and bringing about a decisive battle. This order sends 76 warships, including four aircraft carriers and nine battleships, to sail from Japan and Malaya for an all-out attack on the invasion force.

    4 Eleventh Air Force B-25s bomb Kurabu Cape Airfield on Paramushiru Island and Suribachi in the Kurile Islands; 8-12 interceptors attack the B-25s, which claim 2 victories.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The USN’s Task Groups 38.1 (Vice Admiral John S. McCain) and TG 38.4 (Rear Admiral Ralph E. Davison) attack principal Japanese airfields near Manila and shipping in the harbor, sinking a passenger-cargo ship, an army cargo ship and a merchant cargo ship. Meanwhile, TG 38.2 (Rear Admiral Gerald F. Bogan) pounds enemy shipping off northern Luzon, sinking an auxiliary submarine chaser, two transports, and three merchant cargo ships off Camiguin, northern Luzon; a cargo ship near Babuyan Channel; and two landing ships and a minelayer/netlayer off northeastern Luzon. Japanese sources state thatUSNcarrier air strikes have destroyed 650 Japanese aircraft on Formosa and the Philippines; theUSNhas lost 76 aircraft and had 2 cruisers damaged.

    U.S. warships, led by the battleships USS California (BB-44), USS Maryland (BB-46), USS Mississippi (BB-41), USS Tennessee (BB-43), USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) and USS West Virginia (BB-46), begin shelling the landing beaches on Leyte.

    The escort aircraft carriers of Task Group 77.4 begin a preinvasion bombardment against airfields in the Visayan Islands, Leyte and northern Mindanao. They sink six Japanese ships in the Cebu area.

    Company B, 6th Ranger Battalion, lands on Homonhon Island without opposition and sets up a channel light. Underwater demolition teams begin an uneventful reconnaissance of the landing areas under cover of naval gunfire bombardment.

    USAAF Far East Air Forces P-38s hit barges, small shipping, and vehicles on west coast of Mindanao Island.

    SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: Bad weather curtails a major Far East Air Forces strike on Balikpapan, Borneo; of 120+ B-24s and fighters, only 8 B-24s and 8 P-38s reach the target.

    NEW GUINEA: USAAF Far East Air Forces B-24s attack Sagan and Babo Airfields. B-25s and fighter-bombers again hit Namlea on Buru Island, Amboina and Liang on Ambon Island, and nearby targets, attack targets of opportunity at Djailolo on Halmahera Island and in the Wasile Bay area, and pound Urarom, Manokwari, Babo, Sagan, Otawiri, and other Vogelkop area targets in New Guinea.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: In the Bismarck Sea Minesweeper HMAS Geelong (J 201) sinks after colliding with American tanker SS York off New Guinea at 06 04S 147 50E. There are no casualties and 70 survivors. (Alex Gordon)(108)

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: On Peleliu Island in the Palau Islands, the 321st Infantry Regiment completes the relief of 1st Marine Division elements at the Umurbrogol Pocket and continues attacks to reduce it. The pocket is now about 400 yards (366 meters) from east to west and about 80 yards (73 meters) from north to south, The 1st Marine Division has suffered 6,526 casualties on the island, a large portion of them at the pocket. On Angaur Island, a Japanese pocket on the northwest tip of the island is compressed into a small zone about 100 yards (91 meters) long and 50 yards (46 meters) wide.

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: The USN’s Special Air Task Force (STAG 1) operations continue as three Interstate TDR-1 drones are launched against a lighthouse on Cape St. George, New Ireland Island. None hit the target.

    BONIN ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Saipan bomb Haha Jima Island.

    CENTRAL PACIFIC: Seventh Air Force P-47s bomb and strafe Pagan Island in the Marianas.

    0600 hours: Submarine USS Bluegill (SS-242) sinks a cargo ship at 14-04 N, 119-52 E.

    1100 hours: Submarine USS Bluegill (SS-242) sinks two cargo ships at 14-04 N, 119-52 E. 2000 hours: USS Bluegill (SS-242) sinks a transport at 13-55 N,119-20 E.

    2200 hours: Submarine USS Raton (SS-270) sinks three cargo ships at 12-37 N, 118-46 E. 2200 hours: USS Raton (SS-270) sinks a cargo ship at 12-30 N, 119-10 E. (Skip Guidry)

    CANADA: Corvette HMCS Woodstock departed Halifax for Esquimalt for conversion to weather ship.

    U.S.A.: The epic book, “Forever Amber”, written by Kathleen Windsor, is first published today. Although the book was very popular among women between the ages of 12 and 24, it was considered scandalous to be seen reading it; a reaction that lasted at least another 30 years.

    Minesweeper USS Redstart launched.

    Submarine USS Springer commissioned.

    Minesweeper USS Success commissioned.

  • JAPANESE FLEET FLEES AT SIGHT OF U.S. FORCE; BLOWS AT PHILIPPINES AND FORMOSA CONTINUE (10/18/44)

    10/18/2014 4:18:28 AM PDT · 5 of 27
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/18oct44.htm#

    Soviets reach Czechoslovakia
    Wednesday, October 18, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Eastern Front... In Moscow it is announced that the 4th Ukrainian Front (Petrov) has entered Czechoslovakia. German forces from Greece and southern Yugoslavia are rapidly falling back to avoid being cut off by advancing Soviet forces.

    In Germany... All able-bodies males between the ages of 16 and 60 are now liable for conscription into the Volkssturm (the home defense force).

    In Greece... The Greek government in exile returns. British forces occupy Santorini and Scarpanto. The port of Patras becomes operational.

    From Washington... General McClain takes command of the US 1st Army on the western front. He replaces General Corlett.

    In the Philippines... The American escort carriers of TG77.4 concentrate air strikes on Leyte while the now 12 fleet carriers, in three groups from TF38, strike Luzon.

    In the Nicobar Islands... Elements of the British Eastern Fleet continue diversionary operations with further bombardment of the islands, causing more damage.

  • JAPANESE FLEET FLEES AT SIGHT OF U.S. FORCE; BLOWS AT PHILIPPINES AND FORMOSA CONTINUE (10/18/44)

    10/18/2014 4:17:41 AM PDT · 4 of 27
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    2 of Our Ships Hit (Horne) – 2-3
    MacArthur Men Bomb Mindanao; Island Motor Convoy is Blasted – 3
    Admiral Halsey Moves Along in Pacific (photo) – 4
    War News Summarized – 4
    Fights Rage in City (Daniel, Currivan) – 5-6
    Records Reveal D-Day Nazi Chaos (Long) – 6
    1,300 U.S. Bombers Smash at Cologne (Gruson) – 6
    New Soviet Blows Hit East Prussia – 7
    Iran Turns Down Soviet Bid for Oil (Lawrence) – 8
    Edison ‘Breaks Law’ (Krock) – 9
    Japan’s Evasive Navy (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 10-12
  • JAPANESE FLEET FLEES AT SIGHT OF U.S. FORCE; BLOWS AT PHILIPPINES AND FORMOSA CONTINUE (10/18/44)

    10/18/2014 4:16:15 AM PDT · 3 of 27
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • JAPANESE FLEET FLEES AT SIGHT OF U.S. FORCE; BLOWS AT PHILIPPINES AND FORMOSA CONTINUE (10/18/44)

    10/18/2014 4:15:41 AM PDT · 2 of 27
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea, and the Philippine Islands: The Invasion of Leyte (KING II), 17-20 October 1944 and the Battle for Leyte Gulf, 23-25 October 1944
    The Philippine Islands: Leyte Island and the Visayas, 1944 – Sixth Army Operations on Leyte and Samar, 17 October-30 December 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • JAPANESE FLEET FLEES AT SIGHT OF U.S. FORCE; BLOWS AT PHILIPPINES AND FORMOSA CONTINUE (10/18/44)

    10/18/2014 4:15:10 AM PDT · 1 of 27
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • U.S. CARRIERS DEAL NEW BLOWS TO PHILIPPINES; SUPERFORTRESSES BOMB FORMOSA, ALL RETURN (10/17/44)

    10/17/2014 4:55:22 AM PDT · 8 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/17.htm

    October 17th, 1944 (TUESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 681: 1,338 bombers and 811 fighters are dispatched on PFF attacks in the Cologne, Germany area; 4 B-17s and a P-51 are lost:

    - 465 B-17s are dispatched to hit marshalling yards at Cologne/Eifeltor (216) and Cologne/Gremberg (34); targets of opportunity are Cologne/Kalk marshalling yard (151) and other (2); a B-17 is lost. Escort is provided by 274 P-47s and P-51s without loss.

    - 453 B-17s are dispatched to hit marshalling yards at Cologne/Gereon (295) and Cologne/Kalk (142); 3 B-17s are lost. Escort is provided by 271 P-47s and P-51s; a P-51 is lost.

    - 430 B-24s are dispatched to hit a chemical plant at Leverkusen but weather prevents the attack; targets of opportunity hit are the Cologne/Gereon (231) and Cologne/Kalk (179) marshalling yards. Escort is provided by 229 P-47s and P-51s.

    FRANCE: The French War Ministry and the national Council for the Resistance agree on how to integrate the FFI into the regular army. Political loyalties of the various resistance groups have caused many problems with this process.

    In U.S. Seventh Army’s XV Corps area, the 44th Infantry Division, untried in combat, closes in the Lunévile area. In the VI Corps area, the 45th and 36th Infantry Divisions are slowed by strong opposition as they continue to close in on Bruyéres.

    In the French First Army’s II Corps area, the 3d Algerian Division and French 1st Armored Division make limited gains but at such high cost that General Jean de Lattre, Commanding General of the French First Army, calls a halt and the corps goes on the defensive. The Army commander decides to drive on Belfort in the I Corps zone.

    WESTERN EUROPE: The Ninth Air Force clears all Rhine River rail and road bridges for attack; 2 days later Advance HQ prescribes bridges as having priority on the target list second only to rail lines. In Germany, 35 B-26s hit rail bridge at Euskirchen; fighters escort the bombers, fly armed reconnaissance in the Strasbourg-Colmar-Mulhouse area, attack railroads in the Allendorf an der Lahn-Gemunden area, and marshalling yard at Dielkirchen.

    NETHERLANDS: Venray falls to units of the British Second Army’s VIII Corps, Third Division, during their advance to Venlo.

    GERMANY: The US 7th Army continues a battle against stiffening resistance around Lunëville and Breyres.

    Ulm: Rommel is given a state funeral, and von Rundstedt gives the oration in Hitler’s name, calling him “a tireless fighter in the cause of the Fuhrer ... imbued with the National Socialist spirit.”

    U-3525 laid down.

    U-2514 commissioned.

    One hundred fifteen USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombers attack the I.G. Farben South synthetic oil refinery at Blechhammer with the loss of five aircraft; two other aircraft hit targets of opportunity.

    AUSTRIA: The USAAF Fifteenth Air Force attacks targets in the Vienna area: 62 bomb the industrial area, 26 bomb the Saurerwerke armament factory, 22 bomb the marshalling yard and 16 bomb the city. Other targets hit are: 25 bomb the railroad at Furstenfeld, six bomb the marshalling yard at Strauss, and individual aircraft bomb four targets. Twelve bombers are lost.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Seven USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombs hit two targets of opportunity with six bombing Ostrava Moravaska.

    ITALY: General Mark Clark’s Fifth Army is making a last effort to take Bologna and northern Italy but the offensive is crippled by torrential rains and manpower and ammunition shortages.

    In the U.S. Fifth Army’s IV Corps area, a patrol of Task Force 92 reaches the crest of Mt. Cauala, during the night of 17/18 October. In II Corps area, a coordinated attack by Combat Command A, 1st Armored Division, and the 135th Infantry Regiment against the Monterumici hill mass makes little progress. The 91st Infantry Division takes Lucca and improves positions to the east. Particularly heavy German fire is directed against the Livergnano area. The 34th Infantry Division is clearing the slopes of Mt. Belmonte and takes the crest of Mt. della Vigna. In the British XIII Corps area, the 21st Brigade of the Indian 8th Division begins an assault on Mt. Pianoreno. The 1st Division’s 66th Brigade attacks in the Mt. Ceco area.

    In the British Eighth Army area, the Polish II Corps opens an offensive toward Forli in the evening, although all its forces have not yet assembled. The 5th Kresowa Division leads off, pushing toward Galeata from St. Piero in the Bagno area, its right flank protected by the British 1st Armoured Division. V Corps is meeting strong opposition at Acquarola and Celincordia.

    Tactical operations by the Twelfth Air Force: Weather cancels all medium bomber operations and limits fighter-bombers to limited sorties in the battle area south of Bologna, hitting roads, rail lines and bridges; A-20s during the night of 16/17 October on armed reconnaissance over the Po Valley bomb targets of opportunity and cause explosions on northern edge of Ravenna.

    GREECE: Rival partisans begin to fight each other and a bomb explodes during a victory parade.

    The British Military Liaison Headquarters, Greece begins arriving in Athens to distribute relief supplies.

    USAAF Fifteenth Air Force P-51 Mustangs escort several C-47s transporting personnel to Araxos Airfield south of Araxos.

    HUNGARY: German forces successfully repulse heavy Soviet attacks near Debrecen.

    The USAAF Fifteenth Air Force attack targets in Hungary: 15 bombers hit the marshalling yard at Nagykanizsa, six bomb the marshalling yard at Szombathely, and 14 aircraft hit targets of opportunity.

    ROMANIA: USAAF Fifteenth Air Force P-51 Mustangs escort a B-17 Flying Fortress carrying a photo crew to Romania to photograph Ploesti.

    YUGOSLAVIA: The USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombs four targets: 17 aircraft bomb the Southwest Marshalling Yard at Maribor and 17 hit the railroad bridge in the same city; two other aircraft hit targets of opportunity. Additionally, P-51 Mustangs escort a C-47 Skytrain picking up personnel at Valjevo Airfield.

    During the night of 17/18 October, 74 RAF bombers of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb the marshalling yard at Vinkovci.

    U.S.S.R.: Soviet patrol craft BMO-527 sunk by.

    MEDITERRANEAN SEA: Destroyer HMS Arrow destroyed by an accident at Taranto.

    INDIAN OCEAN: British Task Force 63, including 2 carriers and 1 battlecruiser, strike the Nicobar Islands as a diversion for the coming US attack on Leyte.
    These islands with be shelled today and tomorrow with additional air strikes on the 19th. Despite the damage this action as a diversion fails.

    BURMA: 15 Tenth Air Force P-47s bomb a supply area near Naba, hit Japanese HQ and a supply area near Mawhun, and bomb a supply base and permanent camp at Myazedi; 8 B-25s bomb Nawnghkio airfield and 3 attack bridges near Kawlin and Thityabin; an approach to the latter bridge is damaged. Transports fly almost 300 sorties to various points in the CBI.

    CHINA: The Fourteenth Air Force dispatches 15 B-25s, 12 P-40s, and 10 P-51s to attack a supply depot at Tien Ho Airfield at Canton; 2 B-24s bomb a supply depot at Victoria Harbor, Hong Kong; 44 P-51s and P-40s on armed reconnaissance attack rivercraft, troop concentrations, villages, and other targets of opportunity around Kweiping, Tengyun, Mangshih, Tajungchiang, Wuchou, and Dosing; a runway at Tanchuk Airfield suffers considerable damage.

    FORMOSA: The XX Bomber Command flies Mission 12 with B-29 Superfortresses operating from Chengtu. Ten B-29s bomb Einansho air depot on Formosa while 14 others bomb alternate targets. A B-29 is lost.

    Submarine USS Escolar sunk by mine in the Yellow Sea.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The USN’s Task Group 38.4 (Rear Admiral Ralph E. Davison) attacks Japanese installations at Legaspi and Clark Field on Luzon. Scheduled air strikes by escort aircraft carriers are postponed because of typhoon weather in the vicinity of the ships.

    A USN force (Rear Admiral Arthur D. Struble) lands 500 army troops of the 6th Ranger Battalion on Suluan and Dinagat Islands at the entrance to Leyte Gulf to destroy Japanese installations that could provide early warning of U.S. forces entering the gulf. Unfortunately, the Suluan Island unit transmits a warning, prompting Admiral Toyoda Soemu, Commander in Chief Combined Fleet, to order operation SHO-1 for defending the Philippines against American invasion and bringing about a decisive battle.

    The USN submarine USS Narwhal (SS-167) lands supplies on northwest coast of Tawi Tawi Island.

    In the principal strike of the day almost 60 B-24s hit oil installations, barracks, and shore targets on Ilang and northern Davao Bay areas of Mindanano Island.

    The IJN commander, Admiral Soemu Toyodo, orders 76 warships, including four carriers and nine battleships, to sail from Japan and Malaya for an all-out attack on the invasion force.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: In the Java Sea, Dutch submarine HNMS Zwaardvisch torpedoes and sinks two Japanese ships, a minelayer and an auxiliary minelayer, about 126 nautical miles (233 kilometers) north-northeast of Surabaya, Java, Netherlands East Indies.

    BONIN AND VOLCANO ISLANDS: 11 Seventh Air Force B-24s from Saipan attack shipping off Haha Jima Island, and the town of Okimura in the Bonin Islands; later, during the night of 17/18 October, a B-24 bombs an airfield on Iwo Jima.

    NAURU ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-25s from the Gilbert Islands hit Nauru Island.

    EAST INDIES: Far East Air Forces fighter-bombers and B-25s hit airfields, shipping and scattered targets of opportunity in the Halmahera Island area. In the Ceram Island-Ambon Island-Boeroe Island area A-20s, B-25s, and fighter-bombers continue to pound airfields and oil facilities.

    BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: The USN’s Special Air Task Force (STAG 1) (Commander Robert F. Jones), based on Stirling Island in the Treasury Islands, continues operations as Interstate TDR-1 target drones are launched against Japanese installations near East Rabaul on New Britain Island. One of the four hits the objective; a second hits a target of opportunity; a third is lost due to the failure of a vacuum tube in the drone receiver; a fourth may have been shot down (light and inaccurate antiaircraft fire is noted).

    CANADA: Armed yacht HMCS Beaver paid off.

    U.S.A.:

    Frigate USS Covington commissioned.

    Submarines USS Conger and Runner launched.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-203 was commissioned at New Orleans with LTJG F. S. Shine, USCG, as first commanding officer. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area including Hollandia. She was decommissioned 31 October 1945.

  • U.S. CARRIERS DEAL NEW BLOWS TO PHILIPPINES; SUPERFORTRESSES BOMB FORMOSA, ALL RETURN (10/17/44)

    10/17/2014 4:53:51 AM PDT · 7 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/17oct44.htm#

    Americans strike at Bologna
    Tuesday, October 17, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In Italy... To the west, the US 2nd Corps (part of US 5th Army) continues attacks toward Bologna. To the east, the Polish 2nd Corps (part of British 8th Army) begins attacks from south of Forli.

    On the Western Front... Troops of the British 2nd Army capture Venray in attacks toward Venlo. To the south, the US 7th Army continues its offensive around Luneville and Bruyeres.

    In Liberated France... The French Ministry of War and the National Council for the Resistance reach agreement on the process by which resistance forces, FFI, will be integrated into the regular army.

    In the Nicobar Islands... As a diversion for the American attack on Leyte, the British Eastern Fleet sends 2 carriers, 1 battle cruiser and lighter ships on a raid of the islands. Air strikes and shelling are carried out, causing damage.

    In the Philippines... US Task Group 77.4 (Admiral TF Sprague) continues air strikes on Leyte, Cebu and Mindanao. US Task Group 38.4 (Admiral Davison) arrives with 4 carriers and launches air strikes on Luzon. Also, American minesweeping in Leyte Gulf begin and there are minor landings, by elements of the US Rangers, on the islands of Suluan and Dinagat at the entrance to Leyte Gulf.

  • U.S. CARRIERS DEAL NEW BLOWS TO PHILIPPINES; SUPERFORTRESSES BOMB FORMOSA, ALL RETURN (10/17/44)

    10/17/2014 4:52:05 AM PDT · 6 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Japanese Hard Hit (Horne, Shalett) – 2-3
    Ships off Formosa Fight Foe 10 Hours (Jones) – 3
    ‘Hammer Blows’ at the Japanese Still Going On, Nimitz Declares – 4-5
    War New Summarized – 5
    Allied Armies Build up Pressure All Along the Western Front (map) – 6
    Nazi Thrusts Fail (Daniel) – 7
    Foe Pays Heavily in Aachen Attacks (Middleton) – 7-8
    Third Army Drops Fort Driant Siege (Graham) – 8
    Sergeant Solved Hedgerow Blocks – 8
    American Gun Crew in Action in the Streets of Aachen (page 1 photo) – 9
    Russian Assault on Warsaw Hinted – 9
    Teaming Up against the Japanese (photo) – 11
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on Fighting in Various Zones – 12-14
    Jesuit Priest Marks His Diamond Jubilee (photo) – 14
  • U.S. CARRIERS DEAL NEW BLOWS TO PHILIPPINES; SUPERFORTRESSES BOMB FORMOSA, ALL RETURN (10/17/44)

    10/17/2014 4:50:54 AM PDT · 5 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from October 15.

     photo 1017-japanese18_zpsdaa98049.jpg

    John Toland, The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945

  • U.S. CARRIERS DEAL NEW BLOWS TO PHILIPPINES; SUPERFORTRESSES BOMB FORMOSA, ALL RETURN (10/17/44)

    10/17/2014 4:46:44 AM PDT · 4 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 1017-japanese19_zps3eaf41af.jpg

    1

     photo 1017-japanese20_zps10d92561.jpg

    2

     photo 1017-japanese21_zps996e9155.jpg

    The West Point Military History Series, Thomas E. Griess, Editor, The Second World War: Asia and the Pacific

  • U.S. CARRIERS DEAL NEW BLOWS TO PHILIPPINES; SUPERFORTRESSES BOMB FORMOSA, ALL RETURN (10/17/44)

    10/17/2014 4:43:56 AM PDT · 3 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • U.S. CARRIERS DEAL NEW BLOWS TO PHILIPPINES; SUPERFORTRESSES BOMB FORMOSA, ALL RETURN (10/17/44)

    10/17/2014 4:43:21 AM PDT · 2 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 1017-japanese15_zps6440c9f9.jpg

     photo 1017-japanese16_zpscda8c5e7.jpg
  • U.S. CARRIERS DEAL NEW BLOWS TO PHILIPPINES; SUPERFORTRESSES BOMB FORMOSA, ALL RETURN (10/17/44)

    10/17/2014 4:37:38 AM PDT · 1 of 25
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • HUNGARY ASKS TRUCE, BUT FASCISTS REBEL; CANADIANS NARROW POCKET ON SCHELDE (10/16/44)

    10/16/2014 4:24:05 PM PDT · 20 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Steven Scharf

    I’ll bet that was Adm. Nimitz (CWN) himself who made the correction.

  • HUNGARY ASKS TRUCE, BUT FASCISTS REBEL; CANADIANS NARROW POCKET ON SCHELDE (10/16/44)

    10/16/2014 3:56:42 PM PDT · 17 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Steven Scharf; PAR35
    The front page notes that the last European ally of Germany has been taken out of the war. The map shows several other European contries still allied with Germany: Austria, Checzovakia, Norway, Italy* and others.

    And as PAR35 mentioned yesterday - Japan. Austria and Czechoslovakia might have been considered part of Germany rather than allies. I would call Norway more of an occupied nation than an ally, notwithstanding a number of Norwegians fighting with the Wehrmacht. Were there still any Italian units fighting with the Germans by October '44?

  • HUNGARY ASKS TRUCE, BUT FASCISTS REBEL; CANADIANS NARROW POCKET ON SCHELDE (10/16/44)

    10/16/2014 4:25:29 AM PDT · 8 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/16.htm

    October 16th, 1944 (MONDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Private Salter of the Pioneer Corps is the first British soldier to be demobilized, and given a regulation “demob suit”.

    The US Army Eighth Air Force flies Mission 680: 2 B-17s and 7 B-24s are dispatched on a night leaflet mission to France, the Netherlands and Germany.

    All US Army Ninth Air Force operations are cancelled due to bad weather.

    U-1006 (Type VIIC41) is sunk southwest of Faroes, at position 60.59N, 04.49W, by depth charges from the Canadian frigate HMCS Annan (K404) A/LCdr. Charles Patrick Balfry, RCNR, CO, and HMCS Loch Achanalt, a Loch-class frigate, LCdr. Richard W. Hart, RCNVR, CO. 6 dead, 44 survivors. Annan gained a sonar contact and attacked with depth charges. The contact was subsequently assessed as a whale and Annan rejoined her escort group. However, in fact it had been U-1006, which was badly damaged and forced to surface. Loch Achanalt subsequently detected U-1006 on radar, whereupon she and Annan were sent back to investigate. U-1006 fired a T-5 acoustic-homing torpedo, which was decoyed by Annan’s CAAT gear and exploded harmlessly. A gun duel ensued during which eight of Annan’s crew were wounded. Annan attacked with depth charges on a shallow setting, which finally sank U-1006. (Alex Gordon)

    BELGIUM: British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, commander of the 21st Army Group, halts offensive operations except those to speed opening of Antwerp, Belgium, port.

    NETHERLANDS: Sgt. George Harold Eardley (b.1912), King’s Shropshire Light Infantry, wiped out three machine-gun posts, allowing the capture of a key position. (Victoria Cross)

    The Canadian drive to clear the Netherlandss’ Scheldt river near Antwerp is slowly overcoming German units north and south of the waterway.

    In the Canadian First Army’s II Corps area, Zuid Beveland Isthmus is virtually sealed off with the capture of Woensdrecht by the Canadian 2d Division. Canadian The 3d Division continues to reduce the Breskens Pocket south of the Schelde River. The pocket is about half its original size.

    In the British Second Army’s VIII Corps area, the 3d Division reaches the outskirts of Venray. Combat Command B, U.S. 7th Armored Division, establishes a bridgehead across the canal on the Deurne-Venray road.

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Seventh Army’s VI Corps area, the 45th and 36 Infantry Divisions, against firm opposition, close in on Bruyres, a column from the south pushing through Laval.

    In the French First Army’s II Corps area, the 3d Algerian Division and the French1st Armored Division begin an attack to pierce German’s winter line in the Vosges mountain range, pressing toward heights east of the Moselotte River against violent opposition.

    During the night of 16/17 October, the USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 680: two B-17 Flying Fortresses and seven B-24 Liberators drop leaflets over the country without loss.

    GERMANY: Fighting continues in Aachen while the US XIX and VIII Corps, in the shape of the 1st and 30th Infantry Divisions, link up to the east and complete the encirclement of the city.

    The Soviet Army of the Third White Russian Front enters German territory for the first time near Goldap in East Prussia. Thousands of German civilians in the area flee in panic.

    This is the Goldap-Gumbinned Operation by General Ivan Chernyiakovsky.

    The US VI Corps fights near Bruyeres on the Moselle meeting heavy resistance.

    In the U.S. First Army area, the army closes the ring about Aachen as patrols of XIX and VII Corps establish contact on Ravels Hill at 1615 hours. In the XIX Corps area, the 116th Infantry Regiment of the 29th Infantry Division continues to batter Wuerselen, the 30th Infantry Division attacks southward astride the Wurm River with the 119th Infantry Regiment; a patrol makes contact with a patrol of the 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, VII Corps. In the VII Corps area, the Germans react promptly and vigorously to the closing of Aachen gap, attempting to overrun a roadblock on the Aachen-Wuerselen highway, during the night of 16/17 October. The 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, stabilizes positions in the Eilendorf area. (John Nicholas and Jack McKillop)

    The USAAF Fifteenth Air Force attacks four targets: 32 bomb the Main marshalling yard and 18 hit a railroad bridge at Salzburg and 18 attack the industrial area and a railroad bridge at Liezen.

    U-2520 launched.

    U-2340, U-3506 commissioned.

    USAAF MEDITERRANEAN THEATRE OF OPERATIONS, Nova Scotia.: Maj. George T. Buck, Jr., CO of the 309th FS/31st FG, USAAF, achieves ace status with a score of six confirmed kills when he downs three Bf 109s during withdrawal escort from Brux, Czechoslovakia. (Skip Guidry)

    AUSTRIA: Nearly 600 Fifteenth Air Force B-17s and B-24s, with fighter escort, bomb targets in Austria and Czechoslovakia; in Austria, they bomb a tank factory, tank assembly plant, and aero engine works at Steyr, benzol plant and ordnance depot at Linz, plus alternate targets and targets of opportunity, including Graz, the Neudorf aircraft engine factory, Trieben, Linz, Graz, Villach, Salzburg, Klagenfurt, and Sankt Veit an der Glan; in Czechoslovakia, they hit the Brux synthetic oil refinery, and armament works in Plzen. 20+ P-51s and P-38s fly photo and weather reconnaissance missions and sea patrol; 29 P-38s escort Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force C-47s (transporting airborne troops) to Greece and back to Italy.

    Twelfth Air Force medium bomber operations are cancelled by bad weather; A-20s and fighter-bombers hit troop concentrations, bridges, gun positions, road, rail lines, and vehicles in the battle area, particularly in the Monte Belmonte vicinity.

    NORWAY: Junkers Ju-52/3m, msn 640608, registered D-ADQV and named “Hermann Stache” by the German airline Lufthansa, crashes into a mountain in poor weather conditions at Telemark. The 12 passengers and three crew aboard are killed.

    FINLAND: Finnish troops reach the ruins of Rovaniemi which had been destroyed by the Germans on 10 October.

    HUNGARY: Budapest: The Hungarian government is arrested and sent to Germany.

    One USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bomber hits marshalling yard at Hereny.

    YUGOSLAVIA: Russian forces capture Nis after the Germans had evacuated. Russian, Bulgarian and Yugoslav units are cooperating in this area.

    RAF No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group sends 69 bombers to attack the marshalling yard at Zagrab.

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army area, the 6th South African Armoured Division, in conjunction with the II Corps to right, renews their northward attack between the Reno and Setta Rivers. II Corps begins the final phase of attack toward Bologna, making the main effort in center; the left flank is still held up below the Monterumici hill mass. The 34th Infantry Division attacks with two regiments abreast:on the left, the 133d Infantry Regiment drives through the 91st Infantry Division on a narrow front toward Mt. Belmonte, target for artillery and aerial bombardment. Searchlights provide illumination for night action. At this time the use of artificial moonlight is still in the experimental stage. The 85th Infantry Division’s 339th Infantry Regiment attacks toward a ridge above Monterenzio, taking Hill 622. 88th Infantry Division drives toward the Mt. Cuccoli-Mt. Grande ridge on the right flank of corps: the 349th Infantry Regiemnt takes Mt. delle Tombe and reaches St. Clemente.

    In the British XIII Corps area, the 78th Division completes relief of U.S. forces on Gesso ridge.

    In the British Eighth Army area, the V Corps clears Mt. Romano and Mt. Reale, during the night of 16/17 October. Elements of the 20th Brigade, Indian 10th Divsion, establish a small bridgehead across the Savio River near its confluence with the Borello River on the south flank of the corps. In the Canadian I Corps area, the Canadian 1st Division advances quickly toward Cesena, elements crossing Pisciatello River. Orders are issued for a concerted attack on Cesena by the Canadian I and British V Corps. The New Zealand 2d Division takes Bulgarno without opposition.

    USAAF Twelfth Air Force medium bomber operations are cancelled by bad weather while A-20 Havocs and fighter-bombers hit troop concentrations, bridges, gun positions, road, rail lines, and vehicles in the battle area, particularly in the Monte Belmonte vicinity.

    Eight USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombers hit transportation targets of opportunity.

    BURMA: 11 Tenth Air Force P-47s attack 2 railroad bridges in the Naba-Mawlu area, damaging approaches to both targets; 5 other P-47s hit Japanese forces in the northwestern part of Madangyang; 12 B-25s, supported by an escort of 8 P-47s, bomb the airfield at Shwebo. Transports fly 300+ sorties in the CBI.

    CHINA: The Fourteenth Air Force sends 28 B-24s, 8 B-25s, 26 P-51s, and 21 P-40s to attack shipping and the Kowloon Dock area of Hong Kong; 15 cargo vessels are damaged or sunk; 3 other P-51s hit the Wuchou area; 36 P-40s, P-51s, and P-38s hit village and town areas, bridges, and troop concentrations in the Kweiping, Tanebuk, Hsinganbsien, Tingka, and Chefang areas.

    FORMOSA: The XX Bomber Command flies Mission 11. 43 B-29s, out of Chengtu, China, bomb the Okayama aircraft plant aircraft plant and Heito Airfield; 20+ other B-29s bomb alternate or chance targets at Takao, Taichu Airfield and Toshien harbor on Formosa, and Swatow and Sintien harbors, Hengyang, and several airfields in China.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: Preliminary air attacks begin today against Leyte. These preparations for the invasion will continue over the next 3 days.

    EAST INDIES: Far East Air Forces P-38s attack the harbor, shipping, airfield and trucks on Cagayan Islands, Philippine Islands. B-24s blast the Makassar area on Celebes Island. B-24s, B-25s, and fighter-bombers again bomb the Boeroe Island-Ceram Island airfields and the towns of Boela on Ceram Island and Amboina on Ambon Island and hit shipping in Binnen Bay in the Moluccas Islands.

    NEW GUINEA: In Dutch New Guinea, fighter-bombers hit Timoeka and Mongosah and Sagan Airfields; Langgoer Airfield is pounded by A-20s.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: 0600 hours: USS Tilefish (SS-307) sinks a cargo ship at 48-07 N, 153-04E near Matsuwa Jima. Also at 0600 hours: USS Tilefish (SS-307) sinks a picket boat at 48-07 N, 153 04 E. near Matsuwa Jima. (Skip Guidry)

    WESTERN PACIFIC: Japanese torpedo planes attack Task Group 30.3 (Rear Admiral Laurance T. DuBose) and again damage light cruiser USS Houston (CL-81).

    Japanese reconnaissance pilots tell the Imperial General Staff that the great victory over Task Force 38 two days ago was an illusion. They report that Halsey’s fleet still has 13 carriers, seven battleships and 10 cruisers. It actually has 17 carriers.

    In support of the upcoming invasion of Leyte and to cover the damagedUSNships in tow to Ulithi, Task Group 38.4 launches air strikes against Luzon in the Philippines. The aircraft carrier USS Franklin (CV-13) is attacked by three enemy planes, one of which scores with a bomb that hit the after outboard corner of the deck edge elevator, killing 3 and wounding 22.

    15 Seventh Air Force P-47s and a B-24 from Saipan attack Pagan Island in the Marianas.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: On Peleliu Island in the Palau Islands, Regimental Combat Team 321 of the 81st Infantry Division, takes responsibility for completing the reduction of the Umurbrogol Pocket and is relieving marines there. Fresh forces, a battalion of the 323d Infantry Regiment, from Ulithi are assisting the 321st Infantry Regiment. At Ngulu Atoll, elements of the 81st Infantry Divsion begins clearing the atoll, which lies between Yap and the Palaus.

    Fourteen USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from the Marshall Islands hit Truk Atoll.

    GREENLAND: The U.S. Coast Guard icebreaker USCGC Eastwind (WAG-279), supported by sistership USCGC Southwind (WAG-280), captures German weather ship Externsteine off Cape Borgen, Shannon Island, on the east coast of Greenland. Eastwind’s crew unofficially christens the captured auxiliary “Eastbreeze.” Both icebreakers, however, are damaged by pack ice.

    CANADA: In Ottawa, Ontario, Lieutenant General Henry Crerar, General Officer Commanding First Canadian Army in the Netherlands, is promoted to the rank of General; he is the first Canadian to hold that rank in the field.

    Corvette HMCS Timmins completed forecastle extension refit Sydney, Nova Scotia.

    HMC ML 129 commissioned.

    U.S.A.: The motion picture “Ministry of Fear” is released today. This film-noir spy drama based on the novel by Graham Greene, is directed by Fritz Lang and stars Ray Milland, Marjorie Reynolds and Dan Duryea. The plot has Milland being released in WWII England after spending two years in a mental institution. On his way to London, he encounters a spy ring and is framed in a complicated espionage plot.

    Lloyd C. Douglas’ novel “The Robe” is published today. In 1953, the film of the same name, starring Richard Burton and Jean Simmons, is released. The film is nominated for 5 Academy Awards and wins 2.

    Top pop songs in the U.S. today include “I’ll Walk Alone” by Dinah Shore; “Is You Is Or Is You Ain’t (Ma’ Baby)” by Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters; “Together” by Dick Haymes And Helen Forrest; and “Smoke on the Water” by Red Foley.

    Destroyer escort USS Cecil J Doyle commissioned.

  • HUNGARY ASKS TRUCE, BUT FASCISTS REBEL; CANADIANS NARROW POCKET ON SCHELDE (10/16/44)

    10/16/2014 4:24:19 AM PDT · 7 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/16oct44.htm#

    Red Army captures Nis
    Monday, October 16, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Eastern Front... In Yugoslavia, Soviet forces capture Nis after being evacuated by German forces. Bulgarian and Yugoslavian forces are assisting Soviet forces.

    In Budapest... There is an announcement that the recent Hungarian request for an armistice is void. Admiral Horthy resigns and is taken to Germany. Ferenc Szalasy becomes regent and prime minister.

    On the Western Front... Around Aachen, troops of the US 19th and 8th Corps (elements of US 1st Army) link up to the east of the city, completing its encirclement. Farther south, the US 6th Corps (part of US 7th Army) encounters heavy German resistance around Bruyeres on the Moselle River. To the south, the French 1st Army begins new attacks.

    In Greece... British forces land on the island of Lemnos.

    In the Philippines... Land-based aircraft of US 13th and 5th Air Forces, from Biak, Sansapor and Morotai, attack targets on Mindanao. US Task Group 77.4 (Admiral TF Sprague), with 18 escort carriers, launches air strikes on Leyte, Cebu and Mindanao.

  • HUNGARY ASKS TRUCE, BUT FASCISTS REBEL; CANADIANS NARROW POCKET ON SCHELDE (10/16/44)

    10/16/2014 4:23:35 AM PDT · 6 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Horthy Makes Bid (MacCormac) – 2-3
    Antwerp Gate Hit – 3-4
    Direct Antwerp Attack Due on Antwerp Gates (Currivan) – 4
    100 Guns Repulse Germans’ Attack – 5
    Death of Rommel Revealed by Nazis – 5-6
    Two Giant Invasion Harbors Towed to France from England (Baldwin) – 6
    Italian Campaign Lags by a Month – 6-7
    Russians Capture Petsamo in North Finland Campaign – 7
    Bombers Again Rip Duisburg, Cologne – 8
    U.S. Ships Attacked (Horne) – 8-9
    A United States Navy Task Force Moves In to Attack Japanese in the Philippines (photos) – 10-11
    Losses in Pacific Loom (Baldwin) – 13
    War News Summarized – 13
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 14-16
  • HUNGARY ASKS TRUCE, BUT FASCISTS REBEL; CANADIANS NARROW POCKET ON SCHELDE (10/16/44)

    10/16/2014 4:22:07 AM PDT · 5 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The first of the following two excerpts is continued from October 10.

     photo 1016-horthy18_zps2ca943ae.jpg  photo 1016-horthy19_zps3a4fe05a.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • HUNGARY ASKS TRUCE, BUT FASCISTS REBEL; CANADIANS NARROW POCKET ON SCHELDE (10/16/44)

    10/16/2014 4:21:07 AM PDT · 4 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 1016-horthy20_zps11c8c3b6.jpg

     photo 1016-horthy21_zps4920d388.jpg

    The West Point Military History Series, Thomas E. Griess, Editor, The Second World War: Asia and the Pacific