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  • Only eat oysters in months with an 'r'? Rule of thumb is at least 4,000 years old

    11/27/2019 8:57:31 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 64 replies
    Eurekalert! ^ | November 20, 2019 | Florida Museum of Natural History
    Snails known as impressed odostomes, Boonea impressa, are common parasites of oysters, latching onto a shell and inserting a stylus to slurp the soft insides. Because the snail has a predictable 12-month life cycle, its length at death offers a reliable estimate of when the oyster host died, allowing Florida Museum of Natural History researchers Nicole Cannarozzi and Michal Kowalewski to use it as a tiny seasonal clock for when people collected and ate oysters in the past. Stowaways on discarded oyster shells, the snails offer new insights into an old question about the shell rings that dot the coasts...
  • China's millet spread to Europe 7,000 years ago

    05/18/2009 7:53:02 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies · 438+ views
    People's Daily Online ^ | May 14, 2009 | unattributed
    Millet was brought into Europe from China more than 7,000 years ago, archaeologists from the University of Cambridge in the UK stated in a thesis published by US journal "Science" on May 8. The report, entitled "Origins of Agriculture in East Asia," was coauthored by Martin Jones, a professor of archaeology at the University of Cambridge and his Chinese student Liu Xinyi. The study said that charred millet seeds found in the Neolithic farming remains in Northeast China indicated that locals had planted millet as early as 8,000 years ago. Millet was gradually introduced to Europe during the next millennium....
  • Early Agriculture Left Traces In Animal Bones

    04/06/2009 9:47:28 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 1 replies · 213+ views
    EurekAlert! ^ | March 23, 2009 | Seth Newsome
    The dog and pig bones, as well as bones of other animals analyzed in the study, come from an archaeological site in a region of northwest China considered to be a possible early center of East Asian agriculture. Chemical traces within the dog bones suggest a diet high in millet, a grain that wild dogs are unlikely to eat in large quantities, but that was a staple of early agricultural societies in northwest China. "If the dogs were consuming that much millet, their human masters were likely doing the same," says Seth Newsome, a coauthor on the study and a...
  • China Exclusive: Chinese Archaeologists Discover Worlds Earliest Millet

    09/17/2005 7:05:56 PM PDT · by blam · 33 replies · 1,007+ views
    China Daily ^ | 9-2-2005 | Xinhua
    China Exclusive: Chinese archaeologists discover world earliest millets (Xinhua) Updated: 2005-09-02 16:14 Chinese archaeologists have recently found the world earliest millets, dated back to about 8,000 years ago, on the grassland in north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. A large number of carbonized millets have been discovered by Chinese archaeologists at the Xinglonggou relics site in Chifeng City. The discovery has changed the traditional opinion that millet, the staple food in ancient north China, originated in the Yellow River valley, Zhao Zhijun, a researcher with the Archaeology Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told Xinhua on Friday. Carbon-14...
  • Scandinavian Wine? A Warming Climate Tempts Entrepreneurs

    11/10/2019 5:07:31 AM PST · by karpov · 27 replies
    New York Times ^ | November 9, 2019 | Liz Alderman
    SKAERSOGAARD, Denmark — On a mild autumn morning, Sven Moesgaard climbed a sunbathed hill and inspected an undulating expanse of neatly planted vines. A picking crew was harvesting tons of hardy Solaris grapes that he would soon turn into thousands of bottles of crisp white and sparkling Danish wine. A decade ago, winemaking was regarded as a losing proposition in these notoriously cool climes. But as global temperatures rise, a fledgling wine industry is growing from once-unlikely fields across Scandinavia, as entrepreneurs seek to turn a warming climate to their advantage. “We’re looking for the opportunities in climate change,” said...
  • Pigs caught on video using tools for the first time

    10/31/2019 11:43:41 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 54 replies
    Science mag ^ | October 7, 2019 | Eva Frederick
    Dolphins, chimpanzees, and crows all use tools to help accomplish tasks. Now, pigs have joined the club, National Geographic reports. For the first time, researchers have caught a species of swine called the Visayan warty pig using pieces of bark as a shovel to move dirt around in their nests. Researchers filmed several of the pigs in captivity as they got their nests ready to welcome piglets in the spring, and observed the animals using tools 11 times over 2 years. The team also sprinkled a few spatulas around the enclosure, in case the pigs might prefer a more easily...
  • Swine Fever Is Killing Vast Numbers Of Pigs In China

    08/15/2019 5:52:14 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 60 replies
    NPR ^ | 08/15/2019
    An epidemic of African Swine Fever is sweeping through China's hog farms, and the effects are rippling across the globe, because China is a superpower of pork. Half of the world's pigs live in China — or at least they did before the epidemic began a year ago. "Every day, we hear of more outbreaks," says Christine McCracken, a senior analyst at RaboResearch, which is affiliated with the global financial firm Rabobank. McCracken and her colleagues now estimate that by the end of 2019, China's production of pork could be cut in half. "That's roughly 300 million to 350 million...
  • Discovery of Prehistoric Baby Bottles Shows Infants Were Fed Cow's Milk 5,000 Years Ago

    10/18/2019 6:22:07 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 28 replies
    Phys dot org ^ | September 26, 2019 | Julie Dunne, The Conversation
    ...we did some very delicate drilling to produce enough ceramic powder and then treated it with a chemical technique that extracts molecules called lipids... from the fats, oils and waxes of the natural world and are normally absorbed into the material of the prehistoric pots during cooking, or, in this case, through heating the milk. Luckily, these lipids often survive for thousands of years. We regularly use this technique to find out what sort of food people cooked in their ancient pots. It seems they ate many of the things we eat today, including various types of meat, dairy products,...
  • Prehistoric humans ate bone marrow like canned soup 400,000 years ago...

    10/18/2019 5:09:47 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    ScienceDaily ^ | October 9, 2019 | American Friends of Tel Aviv University
    Tel Aviv University researchers, in collaboration with scholars from Spain, have uncovered evidence of the storage and delayed consumption of animal bone marrow at Qesem Cave near Tel Aviv, the site of many major discoveries from the late Lower Paleolithic period some 400,000 years ago. The research provides direct evidence that early Paleolithic people saved animal bones for up to nine weeks before feasting on them inside Qesem Cave... The researchers contend that the deer metapodials were kept at the cave covered in skin to facilitate the preservation of marrow for consumption in time of need. The researchers evaluated the...
  • Archaeologists to explore feasting habits of ancient builders of Stonehenge

    12/23/2009 6:29:02 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies · 408+ views
    Culture24 ^ | Monday, December 21, 2009 | Culture24 Staff
    The team who worked on the Stonehenge Riverside Project in 2009 are to return to their findings to explain the eating habits of the people who built and worshipped at the stone circle over four thousand years ago... the new 'Feeding Stonehenge' project will analyse a range of materials including cattle bones and plant residue... Initial research suggests the animals were brought considerable distances to the ceremonial site.. The original Stonehenge Riverside project, which strengthened the idea that nearby Durrington Walls was part of the Stonehenge complex, yielded a surprisingly wide range of material ranging from ancient tools to animal...
  • Were the Vikings Smoking Pot While Exploring Newfoundland?

    07/28/2019 1:19:46 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 54 replies
    Live Science ^ | July 15, 2019 | Owen Jarus
    Located in northern Newfoundland, the site of L'Anse aux Meadows was founded by Vikings around A.D. 1000. Until now, archaeologists believed that the site was occupied for only a brief period... In August 2018, an archaeological team excavated a peat bog located nearly 100 feet (30 meters) east of the Viking settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows. They found a layer of "ecofacts" -- environmental remains that may have been brought to the site by humans -- that were radiocarbon dated to the 12th or 13th century. These ecofacts include remains of two beetles not native to Newfoundland -- Simplocaria metallica,...
  • Archaeologists uncover earliest evidence for equid bit wear in the ancient Near East

    07/28/2019 11:19:33 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | May 16, 2018 | Elana Oberlander, Bar-Ilan University
    An international team of archaeologists has uncovered the earliest example of the use of a bridle bit with an equid (horse family) in the Near East. The discovery provides first evidence of the use of the bit (mouth piece) to control an animal long before the appearance of the horse in the Near East. Evidence of the bridle bit was derived from the skeleton of a donkey dating to the Early Bronze Age III (approximately 2700 BCE) found at the excavations of the biblical city Gath (modern Tell es-Safi) of the Philistines, the home of Goliath, located in central Israel....
  • Stonehenge's Massive Megaliths May Have Been Moved into Place with Pig Lard

    07/21/2019 10:36:46 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 50 replies
    Live Science ^ | July 19, 2019 | Grant Currin
    Ancient people may have moved some of the massive megaliths of Stonehenge into place by greasing giant sleds with pig lard, then sliding the giant stones on them across the landscape, a new study suggests. After re-analyzing ceramic pots that earlier researchers believed were used to cook food, archaeologist Lisa-Marie Shillito concluded that many of those pots may have been used to collect fat that dripped off pigs as they were spit-roasted. The grease would have been stored as lard or tallow and used to lubricate the sleds most archaeologists believe were used to move the stones... The pottery fragments...
  • 7 Smokable Plants You Can Grow That Aren’t Marijuana

    06/21/2019 6:38:04 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 89 replies ^ | July 18, 2018 | By Brian Barth
    Don't worry, it's totally legal. Quite a few plants may be safely, and pleasurable, lit up in a pipe or rolling papers. Those listed below are legal, unregulated, and totally safe to use. They are also non-hallucinogenic and non-addictive – perhaps that explains their lack of popularity? While they won’t get you high, when blended according to the instructions below, these herbs produce a smooth, tasty smoke and give a gentle, relaxing buzz. All of the following varieties may be purchased online or at any well-stocked herb store. You may also grow your own. Of course, we’d be remiss not...
  • Ancient DNA from Roman and Medieval Grape Seeds Reveal Ancestry of Wine Making

    06/10/2019 7:26:31 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 33 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Monday, June 10, 2019 | University of York
    A grape variety still used in wine production in France today can be traced back 900 years to just one ancestral plant, scientists have discovered. With the help of an extensive genetic database of modern grapevines, researchers were able to test and compare 28 archaeological seeds from French sites dating back to the Iron Age, Roman era, and medieval period. ...a team of researchers from the UK, Denmark, France, Spain, and Germany, drew genetic connections between seeds from different archaeological sites, as well as links to modern-day grape varieties. It has long been suspected that some grape varieties grown today,...
  • World’s first 'Cheerios' found: 3,000-year-old ‘cereal rings’ discovered in ancient fort

    06/10/2019 9:16:42 AM PDT · by ETL · 28 replies ^ | June 10, 2019 | Chris Ciaccia | Fox News
    Archaeologists have uncovered "strange ring-shaped objects" from a 3,000-year-old hillfort site that unmistakably look like modern-day Cheerios. The discovery, made at a burial site in Austria, was found near an area that is believed to have stored cereals. The researchers note that the rings, which are [between ~1.0 & 1.25 in] in diameter, were deliberately put into the storage pit. "Three incomplete ring-shaped charred organic objects, found together with 14 rings and ring fragments made of clay were discovered in a secondary filled silo pit, excavated among a total of about 100 pits of this kind at the site," the...
  • Exploring the Origins of the Apple

    05/27/2019 6:54:52 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 40 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Monday, May 27, 2019 | Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
    Apples originally evolved in the wild to entice ancient megafauna to disperse their seeds; more recently, humans began spreading the trees along the Silk Road with other familiar crops; dispersing the apple trees led to their domestication. Recent archaeological finds of ancient preserved apple seeds across Europe and West Asia combined with historical, paleontological, and recently published genetic data are presenting a fascinating new narrative for one of our most familiar fruits. In this study, Robert Spengler of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History traces the history of the apple from its wild origins, noting that...
  • Ancient Whiz Opens Archaeology Window [Look out for number one]

    05/23/2019 11:03:52 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Scientific American ^ | May 13, 2019 | Bob Hirshon
    The residue of ancient urine can reveal the presence of early stationary herder-farmer communities. A 10,000-year-old archaeological site in central Turkey is helping scientists unlock the region's pee-historic past. That's right: the salty residue of ancient urine can reveal how and when humans went from hunter-gatherers to herder-farmers who kept and raised animals in their settlements... In the dry climate of central Turkey, the sodium, chloride and nitrates from all that animal excretion would be trapped in the layers of earth onto which they were originally peed. Excavating those salts, layer by layer, should provide a timeline of animal populations...
  • Israeli scientists brew beer with revived ancient yeasts

    05/23/2019 1:35:18 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 27 replies ^ | May 22, 2019 | by Ilan Ben Zion
    Israeli researchers raised a glass Wednesday to celebrate a long-brewing project of making beer and mead using yeasts extracted from ancient clay vessels —some over 5,000 years old. Archaeologists and microbiologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority and four Israeli universities teamed up to study yeast colonies found in microscopic pores in pottery fragments. The shards were found at Egyptian, Philistine and Judean archaeological sites in Israel spanning from 3,000 BC to the 4th century BC. The scientists are touting the brews made from "resurrected" yeasts as an important step in experimental archaeology, a field that seeks to reconstruct the past...
  • New research reveals what was on the menu for peasants

    05/16/2019 5:28:43 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 60 replies ^ | 05/16/2109 | University of Bristol
    Using chemical analysis of pottery fragments and animal bones found at one of England's earliest medieval villages, combined with detailed examination of a range of historical documents and accounts, the research has revealed the daily diet of peasants in the Middle Ages. The researchers were also able to look at butchery techniques, methods of food preparation and rubbish disposal at the settlement Dr. Julie Dunne and Professor Richard Evershed from the University of Bristol's Organic Geochemistry Unit, based within the School of Chemistry, led the research, published today in the Journal of Archaeological Science. "Much is known of the medieval...