Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

7 Important medications running low in U.S. Hospitals
EmaxHealth ^ | 2013-11-02 11:10 | Tracy Woolrich

Posted on 11/02/2013 10:28:41 AM PDT by Armen Hareyan

These seven drugs are running short in US hospitals. What is the cause of the drug shortage when considering the power of the pharmaceutical industry. How can we get them back to the hospital shelves.

Drug shortages are nothing new, In fact, in 2011, there were 251 drug shortages reported by the FDA. 183 of those involved sterile injectable drugs. In 2012, there was less with only 117 new drug shortages, 84 of which involved sterile injectable drugs. Fortunately through early notifications from manufacturers the FDA has been able to prevent 282 shortages last year and numerous times this year as well. The 2012 Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act, helped to reduce some of these shortages. Even then some very important and common medications have been running low or missing entirely in hospital shelves.

Hard to believe in this day and age that there could be shortages of medications used to fight infections, sedate you during procedures, regulate heart rates, and maintain glucose levels. Even diagnostic testing is being affected. These shortages make pharmacists and physicians rethink diagnostic testing and drug administration. Plans of care have had to be rewritten and cooperation between hospitals has been a necessity. Hospital CEOs have had to reach out to other hospitals and borrow needed pharmaceuticals.

Causes of drug shortage in hospitals

There are many reasons for shortages. In fact, EmaxHealth warned about the upcoming drug shortages in 2008 in a story by Dr. Stanley Feld. The major reason is quality manufacturing issues. However there have been other reasons such as production delays at the manufacturer. Also there have been reports of delays from companies receiving raw materials and components from suppliers. To make matters worse some producers are just not making some medications anymore in favor of developing newer and more profitable medications. When one company discontinues, it is difficult for the remaining companies to increase production quickly enough to prevent a shortage. An increase in demand of some medications has also led to further shortages.

The list on the FDA shortage list grows and shrinks on a daily basis. I have reviewed it and find some common and very important agents in short supply right now. Here are only seven of the 108 medications that are currently on the shortage list.

Atropine – Produced by 4 manufacturers. This medication has many effects on the body. One of the most important ones is that it can temporarily increase the heart rate and can decrease A-V heart block until intervention can take place, In other words it is the stop gap until a temporary pacemaker can be utilized. It is one of the more important main stay cardiac medications.

Barium Sulfate for Suspension – Produced b only 1 manufacturer. This is a thick liquid that is swallowed before a diagnostic barium swallow or CT scan. These diagnostic studies are used to determine the cause of difficulty swallowing or abdominal issues. It can be the difference between diagnosing a cancerous growth or not.

Dextrose Injection 50% – Produced by 2 manufacturers. When administered intravenously this solution increases blood glucose levels in hypoglycemia and provides a source of carbohydrate calories. Without these calories there can be seizures and the brain can die. Very basic and important need!

Lidocaine Hydrochloride (Xylocaine) Injection – Produced by 4 manufacturers. It can be injected as a local anesthetic for minor surgery or dental extractions. It is used in clinics and hospitals on a daily basis. If there is no local anesthetic, procedures cannot be completed without excruciating pain.

Magnesium Sulfate Injection – Produced by 3 manufacturers. Magnesium is a mineral that is important for many systems in the body especially nerves and muscles. Without proper magnesium levels the body cannot function properly. It is vital for heart function. It is also used to prevent preterm labor. Again, this is a basic mineral however very important for proper body function.

Zofran – Produced by Eleven manufacturers, yet is in short supply. This medication used to be used exclusively for severe nausea and vomiting in individuals having chemotherapy induced vomiting. It has however over time gained mainstream favor and is used frequently within the hospital for post operative and other causes of vomiting.

Calcium Chloride Injection – Produced by 4 manufacturers. Like Magnesium, Calcium is a very important mineral. It is used in the treatment of tetany and during cardiac resuscitation. It is crucial for cardiac contractions. During the most current shortage the FDA initiated an unusual allowance for importation from a facility in Bangalore India.

Medications that are back on the shelf

There are several medications that were scarce earlier this year but are now back in stock and no longer seen as in short supply. They include: • Acyclovir (Anti viral) • Diazepam Injection (Tranquilizer) • Gabapentin (Anti seizure and Nerve pain reliever) • Propofol (Diprivan) Injection (Sedation for surgery and ventilator patients) • Vitamin K (Vitamin used to reverse bleeding issues with patients on blood thinner)s • Sodium Bicarbonate (pH buffer critical in ventilator patients and individuals with blood infections)

New Plan Aiming to Reduce Drug Shortages

Adding to President Barack Obama’s 2012 initiative, this week the U.S. Food and Drug Administration released a new plan that further attempts to reduce shortages. By working closely with companies and encouraging programs to avoid shortages and build inventory they hope to reduce disruptions to the supply. The newest ruling extends their work into the makers of biological drugs as well. The FDA cannot require companies to guard against shortages however it looks into ways to reward those with high manufacturing standards.

Reference: FDA


TOPICS: Culture/Society; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: drugs; drugshortage; fda; foodsupply; healthcare; medicine; prescriptiondrugs; ushospitals
Is it possible that in this day and age, considering how powerful the Pharmaceutical companies are and how much medications they want to sell, that this country can go with drug shortages? It's interesting that in 2008 it was blamed on Olympics in China and Pollution in USA.
1 posted on 11/02/2013 10:28:41 AM PDT by Armen Hareyan
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

We can be assured that none of the politicians will be affected by the shortages, wanna bet?


2 posted on 11/02/2013 10:29:52 AM PDT by ExTexasRedhead
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

Genocide is coming. Time to cull the herd.


3 posted on 11/02/2013 10:34:56 AM PDT by FlingWingFlyer (Have you had your ObamaCare Marketplace shopping experience today?)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

Congress, their families, and staff
WILL GET WHAT THEY NEED !!!

... and THEY will richly profit as the supplies dwindle
for their dhimmi constituents.
[which is why there is a shortage in the first place]


4 posted on 11/02/2013 10:35:33 AM PDT by Diogenesis
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan; All
 photo ObamaCare2016.jpg

Help FR Continue the Conservative Fight!
Your Monthly and Quarterly Donations
Help Keep FR In the Battle!

Sponsoring FReepers are contributing
$10 Each time a New Monthly Donor signs up!
Get more bang for your FR buck!
Click Here To Sign Up Now!


5 posted on 11/02/2013 10:38:20 AM PDT by musicman (Until I see the REAL Long Form Vault BC, he's just "PRES__ENT" Obama = Without "ID")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

For any chronic imbalance of supply and demand, look to government as the cause. Always.

BTW... As awkwardly written as this is... Was it originally composed in English?


6 posted on 11/02/2013 10:40:12 AM PDT by Ramius (Personally, I give us one chance in three. More tea anyone?)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

Most people have no idea how extensive drug shortages can be.

Here is the FDA Current Drug Shortages Index, a very good link to bookmark.

http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/DrugShortages/ucm050792.htm


7 posted on 11/02/2013 10:41:00 AM PDT by yefragetuwrabrumuy (Welfare is the new euphemism for Eugenics.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

“Adding to President Barack Obama’s 2012 initiative, this week the U.S. Food and Drug Administration released a new plan that further attempts to reduce shortages. By working closely with companies and encouraging programs”...

Uh, oh...better look out


8 posted on 11/02/2013 10:41:27 AM PDT by TurkeyLurkey
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

Come on hospitals. There are some web sites in Canada where you can get everything you need.


9 posted on 11/02/2013 10:41:28 AM PDT by Starstruck (If my reply offends, you probably don't understand sarcasm or criticism...or do.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Diogenesis

What about the regular population? Fairness requires that they are considered equally too.


10 posted on 11/02/2013 10:44:58 AM PDT by Armen Hareyan (drug shortages, healthcare)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: Starstruck

One of my meds was in such short supply that it took me 4 months to get a single prescription filled.

The FDA had limited the amount of one of the ingredients available to the mfr, and caused a continent-wide shortage.

I’m in Canada, so your theory doesn’t fly regarding “get it from up there”.


11 posted on 11/02/2013 10:55:10 AM PDT by Don W (Know what you WANT. Know what you NEED. Know the DIFFERENCE!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: Don W

Canadians need to read taglines. Hey?


12 posted on 11/02/2013 10:59:32 AM PDT by Starstruck (If my reply offends, you probably don't understand sarcasm or criticism...or do.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 11 | View Replies]

To: ExTexasRedhead

What is disturbing is that patient care plans are being rewritten due to this shortage.


13 posted on 11/02/2013 11:02:05 AM PDT by Armen Hareyan (drug shortages, healthcare)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: FlingWingFlyer
Genocide is coming. Time to cull the herd.

I have no doubt. I would point out that the Left is utterly without scruples. They know this is coming. They are planning for this, and they will do anything -- anything at all -- to achieve their goals.

In many ways, "real" America has advantages: we have lots of guns, we control most of the food production, we work hard, we're smart and we're independent and responsible. One might think that we could fight for our freedom very successfully.

But we have one major disadvantage: we have scruples.

We're like Gandhi -- we are moral people, and goodness gracious we do hope the fight will be a fair one. Now, if one were to oppose the British Empire, I think a good round of civil disobedience might be quite sufficient to win the day, eh?

But if Gandhi were in Germany in the 1930s, could he have overthrown the Nazis? I think not.

If your opponent is unscrupulous, then fighting a moral war and adhering to a polite code won't get you very far. I really fear that American Patriots will not understand the work that is required.

14 posted on 11/02/2013 11:09:23 AM PDT by ClearCase_guy (21st century. I'm not a fan.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: Starstruck

I wasn’t offended, I just pointed out a factual inaccuracy.

Oh, and it’s “EH?”

A useful word, that. It can mean: Do you understand, why, what, do you agree, or huh.

Have a great day. It’s pouring to beat the band here.


15 posted on 11/02/2013 11:24:30 AM PDT by Don W (Know what you WANT. Know what you NEED. Know the DIFFERENCE!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: Ramius
For any chronic imbalance of supply and demand, look to government as the cause. Always.

Bingo. The author failed to notice that a drug manufacturer must get permission from the FDA every time they do a production run. (Among other reasons for shortages, of course.)

16 posted on 11/02/2013 11:27:28 AM PDT by Slings and Arrows (You can't have Ingsoc without an Emmanuel Goldstein.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 6 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

BRILLIANT!!
Who needs “death panels” when all that is necessary is to dry up the supply of medications helpful in sustaining lives?


17 posted on 11/02/2013 11:31:23 AM PDT by Dick Bachert (Ignorance is NOT BLISS. It is the ROAD TO SERFDOM! We're on a ROAD TRIP!!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: ClearCase_guy
Churchill and Gandhi had a conversation about this. Gandhi suggested that England use the same tactics against the Nazis as he had used against England. Churchill replied that the Indians had been dealing with gentlemen, the English were dealing with monsters.
18 posted on 11/02/2013 11:53:21 AM PDT by CrazyIvan (Obama phones= Bread and circuits.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: Don W
I didn't think you were offended. We here in the States are constantly getting E-mails from on-line pharmacies in Canada trying to sell us drugs. I get more of them then I get from Nigerians trying to give me a share of their wealth therefore I was being sarcastic.

When my Grandparents crossed over from Canada to live in the Yooper peninsula of Michigan it was passed down as HEY. I guess the British influence drops the H. Eh?

19 posted on 11/02/2013 12:03:36 PM PDT by Starstruck (If my reply offends, you probably don't understand sarcasm or criticism...or do.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 15 | View Replies]

To: Starstruck

“Come on hospitals. There are some web sites in Canada where you can get everything you need.”

Canada controls the price of drugs sold to Canadians. By international agreement US suppliers sell an allotment of drugs to each country that controls their price. The sale price to the country may or may not pay for the cost of the drugs. But in exchange for selling them the companies charge whatever they like in the United States. The drugs you buy from Canada come from the Canadian allotment. The seller can make more money selling to you than to Canadians. This is why there are frequent and sometimes fatal drug shortages in Canada. It’s common that for want of a simple prescription pill that Canadians are medevac’d to the United States.


20 posted on 11/02/2013 1:15:56 PM PDT by Gen.Blather
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: Gen.Blather
This is why there are frequent and sometimes fatal drug shortages in Canada.

It was humor. Evidently I am the only one who gets these Canadian Pharmacy E-mails about on-line drugs available to me. I hope not too many Canadians died in the great Viagra to US migration of '07.

21 posted on 11/02/2013 1:41:48 PM PDT by Starstruck (If my reply offends, you probably don't understand sarcasm or criticism...or do.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 20 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

Obama is over-seeing this crisis,so we have nothing to worry about.


22 posted on 11/02/2013 2:10:59 PM PDT by Minutemen ("It's a Religion of Peace")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan
Welcome to Free Republic.

I suspect you are testing trial balloon to try to save somebody's butt.

The reason we are running short of these drugs is simple--it is not worthwhile to produce them. This is an example of policy killing product--an essential product.

Let pharm companies keep their patents longer. I know it kills you to see them make money...

But it's going to kill you if you don't have lifesaving drugs.

23 posted on 11/02/2013 2:15:18 PM PDT by Mamzelle
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Ramius

Composed the same way the poster writes. No, not English as a first language. Check signup date.


24 posted on 11/02/2013 2:16:30 PM PDT by Mamzelle
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 6 | View Replies]

To: Armen Hareyan

“...patient care plans are being rewritten due to this shortage...”

That is why I’ve called this the next Holocaust. How many will die because of this outrage and who designed it to be so? Databases?


25 posted on 11/02/2013 5:31:53 PM PDT by ExTexasRedhead
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson