Skip to comments.Spitzer Detects Shadow of 'Super-Earth' in Front of Nearby Star
Posted on 05/06/2011 7:21:02 AM PDT by Red Badger
NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has detected the crossing of a solid planet in front of a star located at only 42 light-years in the constellation Cancer. Thanks to this detection, astronomers know that this "super-Earth" measures 2.1 times the size of our Earth. This is the smallest exoplanet detected in the neighborhood of our Sun.
The discovery is based on data acquired by the Spitzer spacecraft last January. The data allowed astronomers to detect the "transit" of the planet, i.e. the tiny decrease of the star's brightness occurring when the planet passes in front of it.
"So far, the exquisite capabilities of Spitzer have been extensively used to study known transiting exoplanets, all of them being giant planets similar to Jupiter or Neptune. For the first time, Spitzer is used to detect the transit of a super-Earth, a solid planet not much larger than our own Earth," says Michaël Gillon from University of Liège (Belgium), the leader of the team that made this detection. "Thanks to the high-precision of Spitzer, we now know the nature of this planet, and, interestingly, it is very different from all the planets of our solar System."
The planet name is 55 Cancri e. With 8 times the mass of the Earth, for a size 2.1 larger, it is simply too big to be purely rocky, meaning that it must have a significant fraction of ice, the favored composition being a massive shell of water ice on top of a rocky nucleus. "We could call this planet a 'naked Neptune', as it is very similar to Neptune except that it has no gazeous envelope of hydrogen above its ice shell," says Brice-Olivier Demory from the Massachusets Institute of Technology (MIT), the first author of the paper describing the discovery.
(Excerpt) Read more at sciencedaily.com ...
That’s an astounding feat.
"I HEREBY DUB THEE ... PLANET PIMP!"
They want so badly to find an earth normal planet that they are going to build expectations constantly by using the word, Earth.
We are not alone! Boo!
I thought you meant Eliott Spritzer (or whatever)
They have no other word to describe a large rocky planet............
LOL....I thought this was info on Client #9
¨Where are they?¨ —Enrico Fermi
He discovers black holes................
How about “rocky”? :)
Another word they could use is “terrestrial”.
I agree with Gabby Johnson - they’re trying to make extra-solar earths more of a possibility than they are.
>>Why in the world do they call it a super-earth?<<
Simple. From Earth comes man. from Super Earth comes Superman.
It’s actually Krypton and was not destroyed.
8 times the mass. Why do you think he’s so strong?
>>They have no other word to describe a large rocky planet............<<
How about “large rocky planet”?
>>I agree with Gabby Johnson - theyre trying to make extra-solar earths more of a possibility than they are.<<
Yep, I clicked on this thread because of “super earth” in the title. If they had said they merely found another large planet I would not have clicked on it.
The technology at this point may not be quite good enough to detect a ‘earth-sized’ planet within the Goldilocks Zone. This planet is the smallest they have found so far. That doesn’t mean there aren’t any smaller, it’s just that they cannot yet detect them. If you read the full article, another team, using a different system, analyzed this same planet and their indications are that it is even smaller than Spitzer’s team’s calculations.........
That’s 3 words..............
Spitzer’s out there looking for black holes. That’s why he’s at CNN...............
Ironic that the planets they can detect, the “hot Jupiters”, cannot exist in the current secular theory of solar formation.
Then their theory must be flawed.
The very existence of the ‘Hot Jupiters’ means that they must re think their theory.............
Actually our ability to see earth sized planets is very limited. As our instruments improve we may see many that are just the right distant from their suns and they right size to be compared to earth. As for this planet being to big that would depend. If life was created(or evolved if you are an evo)on this planet it would be able to walk around despite the heavy gravity. The cold however might pose a bigger problem.
Scientists probably do want to find earth like planets and exaggerate the ones they do find but sooner or later they will find them.
“naked Neptune”? Didn’t Michelangelo do that?
Actually, the gravity would be tolerable. 2x earth mass means ~1.4g.
True, but “super earth” isn’t one word either. ;)
All his stuff was naked.............
Why do you think Jupiter is so hot?
They hyphenated it............
There is only a certain range of “gravities” in which “large” (say, bigger than a cricket) animals can survive, due to insurmountable physical/chemical limitations.
What does 8 times earth’s mass mean?
Naked Neptune and Hot Jupiter - I'm not sure I like where this is going...
Is there a theological “theory” of solar formation?
How is the theory of solar/stellar formation “secular” any more or less than any other scientific theory?
My bad- I forgot that doubling diameter means 8x volume. Assuming 8x mass that’s about 5g- definitely uncomfortable.
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From looking at the headline, I thought Eliot Spitzer had finally gone over the edge.
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