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Keyword: militaryhistory

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  • Today in US Military History: an American pilot shoots himself down

    09/21/2017 7:30:42 AM PDT · by fugazi · 7 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 21, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1780: After deliberately weakening the defenses of Fort Arnold (now known as West Point), Hudson River, and other areas under his command, Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans for the strategic fort. The Colonists will soon capture Maj. John André, Britain's top spy in the United States, foiling Arnold's plan to hand over West Point - which will become the U.S. Military Academy in 1802 and is the Army's oldest continually operating post. 1939: With war breaking out in Europe, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asks Congress to relax neutrality laws - permitting the United States to arm...
  • Today in US Military History: Old Ironsides, the Yankee Division, and al Qaeda

    09/20/2017 7:16:23 AM PDT · by fugazi
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 20, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1777: British Maj. Gen. Charles Grey launches a daring nighttime attack on Brig. Gen. Anthony Wayne's Continental Army forces encamped near the Paoli Tavern near modern-day Malvern, Pa.. Grey orders his troops to only use bayonets, and has his men remove the flints from their rifles. The Redcoats catch the Americans completely by surprise, routing an entire division while only suffering 11 British casualties. 1797: The Continental Navy frigate Constitution is launched in Boston harbor. 220 years later, USS Constitution – known affectionately as “Old Ironsides” - is the "oldest ship in the American Navy," and continues serving in the...
  • Today in US military history: the second-bloodiest battle of the Civil War

    09/19/2017 8:28:01 AM PDT · by fugazi · 57 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 19, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1777: The Battle of Freeman's Farm — the first engagement in the Battle of Saratoga — opens between Continental forces under the command of Gen. Horatio Gates and British forces under Gen. John "Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne. The Brits carry the day, but suffer heavy losses. 1863: On the border of Georgia and Tennessee, fighting begins in earnest between forces commanded by Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans and Gen. Braxton Bragg. After two days of fighting, the Confederate Army of Tennessee inflicts 18,000 casualties on the Army of the Cumberland, driving Rosecrans from the battlefield, but Union soldiers kill, wound, and capture...
  • Today in U.S. military history: happy birthday to the US Air Force and CIA

    09/18/2017 8:53:19 AM PDT · by fugazi · 3 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 18, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1862: Following the bloody Battle of Antietam, Gen. George B. McClellan blows an opportunity to capture Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, – perhaps ending the Civil War. Lee abandons his invasion of Maryland as McClellan allows the significantly outnumbered Confederates to withdraw his significantly outnumbered forces to Virginia without pursuit. 1906: As revolution sweeps Cuba, the auxiliary cruiser USS Dixie (AD-1) disembarks a battalion of Marines at Cienfuegos to help protect American-owned plantations. 1941: In preparation for World War II, 19 divisions of soldiers – 400,000 troops – participate in a massive exercise in Louisiana. In light...
  • Today in US military history: first helicopter flight, and Bush at Ground Zero

    09/14/2017 7:17:21 AM PDT · by fugazi · 5 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 14, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1901: Eight days after being shot by the assassin Leon Czolgoszan, President William McKinley dies of his wounds, and Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the 26th President of the United States. Before being named vice president, Roosevelt served as McKinley’s Assistant Secretary to the Navy until USS Maine explodes in Havana, inspiring Roosevelt to form the 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment – the “Rough Riders.” Following McKinley’s assassination, Congress tasks the U.S. Secret Service with protecting the president. 1939: At the controls of his Vought-Sikorsky VS-300 prototype, Igor Sikorsky makes a 10-second tethered flight – the first successful flight...
  • Today in U.S. military history: from the halls of Montezuma, and the Battle of Edson's Ridge

    09/12/2017 8:14:12 AM PDT · by fugazi · 10 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 12, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1847: "From the halls of Montezuma..." Gen. Winfield Scott's army of Marines and soldiers begin their attack on the castle Chapultepec, sitting 200 feet above in Mexico City. During the battle, 90 percent of Marine commissioned and non-commissioned officers are killed by snipers, memorialized by the "blood stripe" on the Marine Corps' Dress Blue trousers. Participating in the engagement are many young officers - such as Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, and Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson - who will face each other in the Civil War. 1918: The Battle of Saint-Mihiel, the first and only U.S.-led and executed operation of...
  • Today in US military history: military response to 9/11, and the Benghazi attack

    09/11/2017 7:27:36 AM PDT · by fugazi · 3 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 11, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1776: After the British capture Long Island, Continental Congressional delegates Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Edward Rutledge meet with British Adm. Lord Richard Howe for a peace conference at Staten Island. Hoping to bring a quick end to the conflict, King George granted Howe the authority to discuss peace terms, but not including the recognition of American independence. When Howe states that the loss of America would be like losing a brother, Franklin replies that "we will do our utmost endeavors to save your lordship that mortification." 1814: New York is saved from a possible invasion by British forces when...
  • Today in US Military History: Marine Raiders on Guadalcanal, and a landing at Inchon

    09/08/2017 7:21:24 AM PDT · by fugazi · 7 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 8, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1740: Some 800 volunteers from the American colonies board transports to take part in the disastrous British/American colonial expedition to capture the Spanish territory of Cartagena (modern-day Colombia). 1781: 2,000 Continental soldiers commanded by Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene meet with Lt. Col. Alexander Stewart's 2,200-man force of British troops near present-day Eutawville, S.C.. Although both sides claim victory in the Battle of Eutaw Springs, the British must abandon much of their previously gained ground in the south. 1863: When the Union attempts an amphibious invasion in Texas to prevent the Mexican government from supplying the Confederacy, well-trained artillerymen at Fort...
  • The CIA’s Counterinsurgency in Vietnam Was Brutal … And Effective

    09/07/2017 2:38:13 PM PDT · by Ennis85 · 13 replies
    War is Boring ^ | 6th September 2017 | Darien Cavanaugh
    As U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War escalated after the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964, U.S. Army general William Westmoreland knew he would be simultaneously fighting two different types of enemies on the ground — the main battle force of the North Vietnamese Army and the guerilla insurgency of the Viet Cong in South Vietnam. Westmoreland, who served as commander of Military Assistance Command Vietnam in the early years of the war, considered the North Vietnamese Army the greater threat. However, he could not ignore the Viet Cong, a versatile and resilient fighting force guided by...
  • Today in US Military History: First flight of the Raptor, and the first submarine attack

    09/07/2017 6:05:34 AM PDT · by fugazi · 3 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 7, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1776: Sgt. Ezra Lee silently makes his way down the Hudson River in an 8-ft. long submersible named Turtle towards British Adm. Richard Howe's flagship, HMS Eagle, anchored just south of Manhattan. Turning two hand cranks for propulsion, Lee reaches the ship but is unable to drill into the hull in order to attach a "torpedo." While Lee's attack is unsuccessful, the craft designed by inventor David Bushnell marks the first-ever submarine attack. 1864: As he prepares for his March to the Sea, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman orders an evacuation of Atlanta. When the mayor protests, Sherman replies with...
  • Today in U.S. military history: the Munich Massacre, and a Soviet pilot defects

    09/06/2017 2:39:04 PM PDT · by fugazi · 3 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 6, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1918: U.S. Navy railroad artillery crews conduct their first attack - a German rail center in Tergnier. The five massive 14"/50cal Mark 4 guns, normally mounted to a battleship, are transported by train and can hit targets well over 20 miles downrange. 1972: During the Olympic Games in Munich, Germany, Palestinian terrorists storm the apartment housing Israeli athletes, killing two and taking nine hostage. The terrorists demand the release of over 200 Israeli-held Palestinian prisoners, but the Israelis refuse to negotiate. Five terrorists - and all hostages - are killed when German police attempt to ambush the kidnappers at the...
  • Today in US Military History: Battle of the Virginia Capes, and an "ace in a day"

    09/05/2017 7:45:05 AM PDT · by fugazi · 5 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 5, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1781: The Royal Navy fleet commanded by Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Grave's Royal fleet clashes with Comte de Grasse's French armada at the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay. The navies fight each other at close range for two hours before the British disengage and sail for New York. The French victory traps Lt. Gen. Lord Corwallis' army at Yorktown, preventing their reinforcement or evacuation and ultimately contributing to Cornwallis' surrender in October. 1813: Off the coast of Maine, the brig USS Enterprise spots HMS Boxer and the two vessels begin maneuvering to attack. Boxer's captain Samuel Blyth declares "We are...
  • Today in US military history: Comdr Roberts sails flying boat to Hawaii, & the first battle of WWII

    09/01/2017 11:10:40 AM PDT · by fugazi · 4 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 1, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1925: As Cmdr. John Rodgers attempts a long-distance flight from California to Hawaii, his PN-9 flying boat runs out of fuel several hundred miles short of the goal. Rogers' four-man crew turns the airplane into a sailboat, and despite not having any food and very limited water, sails the remaining 450 miles to the island of Kauai. Although the plane did not reach its intended target, Rogers' flight still sets a record for flying a seaplane 1,992 miles non-stop. 1939: Three waves of Luftwaffe Ju 87 B "Stuka" dive bombers cross Germany's border with Poland at 4:40 a.m., destroying most...
  • Today in US Military History: Paramarines on Guadalcanal, and Sherman at Atlanta's doorstep

    08/31/2017 7:41:32 AM PDT · by fugazi · 7 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | 31 Aug, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1864: Two armies under the command of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman engage Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood's vastly outnumbered Army of Tennessee just south of Atlanta. Despite brilliant fighting and generalship in the Battle of Jonesborough, the Confederates destroy a trainload of military supplies to prevent its capture by the Union and withdraw to Atlanta. 1916: Near Guillemont, France, a German artillery shell scores a direct hit on 2nd Lt. Henry A. "Harry" Butters, instantly killing the popular Royal Field Artillery officer. Butters, an American citizen that joined the British Army at the outbreak of World War I, was...
  • Today in US Military History: Patton in World War I, and Gen. Smith's "Cannae"

    08/30/2017 7:56:26 AM PDT · by fugazi · 8 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Aug 30, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1776: After a series of defeats by the British, the Continental Army conducts a strategic withdrawal of Long Island, and Gen. William Howe sends a letter to Gen. George Washington seeking a peace conference. Washington rejects the offer, forwarding the message to Congress instead. Diplomacy falls flat when the British refuse to recognize American independence on Sept. 11, and the British respond by capturing New York City four days later. 1862: Near Lexington, Ky., Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith accomplishes the "nearest thing to a Cannae" (Hannibal's double envelopment of the Roman army - perhaps the greatest tactical achievement in...
  • Today in US Military History: Soviets shoot down a B-29 over Korea, & the first mass parachute jump

    08/29/2017 10:42:11 AM PDT · by fugazi · 8 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Aug 29, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1940: At Lawson Army Airfield (modern-day Fort Benning, Ga.), 1st Lt. William T. Ryder and his Parachute Test Platoon conduct the first mass parachute jump in U.S. military history. Meanwhile, a delegation of British scientists begin sharing radar and other military technologies with the United States, hoping to secure assistance from the still-neutral nation. 1944: Four years after German conquerors marched through Paris’ famous Arc de Triomphe, 15,000 American soldiers of the 28th Infantry Division parade down the newly-liberated capital’s Champs-Élysées. 1945: An American B-29 “Superfortress”, carrying a load of humanitarian aid to Allied prisoners of war in Korea, is...
  • The Real Story behind Dunkirk

    08/25/2017 11:27:53 AM PDT · by Kaslin · 46 replies
    American ^ | August 25, 2017 | Elise Cooper
    Dunkirk, the movie, is a big box office hit even with its somewhat inaccurate historical perspective. It only partially tells of the real heroes of this incident and never explains the impact it had on World War II or the British population. On May 10th 1940, Germany invaded France and the Low Countries, pushing the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), along with French and Belgian troops, back to the French port of Dunkirk. A huge rescue, Operation 'Dynamo', was organized by the Royal Navy to get the troops off the beaches and back to Britain. The fierce Nazi bombing demolished the...
  • Today in US Military History: British burn Washington, Bob Feller's return, & the Cactus Air Force

    08/24/2017 7:40:55 AM PDT · by fugazi · 4 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Aug 24, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1814: The British Army routs the Americans in the Battle of Bladensburg, then marches into Washington, D.C. in what is considered "the greatest disgrace ever dealt to American arms." Gen. Robert Ross' exhausted troops - several died during the battle from exhaustion after long marches - avenge the American destruction of Port Dover (in present-day Ontario) in May by setting fire to the Presidential Mansion (now called the White House), Capitol Building, and numerous other government and military facilities. However, the British only hold Washington for one day before a massive storm blows through, severely damaging the British ships and...
  • Why the Confederate Flag Made a 20th Century Comeback (anti civil rights Democrats)

    08/22/2017 5:20:15 PM PDT · by SJackson · 13 replies
    National Geographic ^ | 6-26-15 | Becky Little
    The popularity of the Confederate battle flag today has more to do with the Civil Rights Movement than the Civil War Following the shooting at a predominately black church in Charleston, South Carolina, the state is considering removing the Confederate flag from its capitol. But how did it get there in the first place? South Carolina's confederate flag hasn't been flying since the Civil War. The flag wasn’t prominently displayed in the South until southern politicians began using it in their campaigns; and South Carolina didn’t start flying the flag at its state capitol until 1962, a century after the...
  • Today in US military history: Marines hammer the Japanese on Guadalcanal, and 8 days in a trash can

    08/21/2017 7:17:07 AM PDT · by fugazi · 1 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Aug. 21, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1942: On Guadalcanal, around 900 soldiers of Japan's 17th Army slam into about 2,500 Marines manning positions along Alligator Creek. Wave after wave of Japanese soldiers are cut down by the Marines, killing well over 700 attackers - including the Japanese commander - while inflicting nearly 100 percent casualties. 1944: The F8F-1 "Bearcat" - Grumman's last piston-powered fighter - makes its first flight. The warplane can fly faster and climb more quickly than the venerable "Hellcat", but enters service too late to see action in World War II. The Blue Angels will begin using the Bearcat for their demonstrations, and...