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Keyword: militaryhistory

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  • Today in U.S. military history: the Tuskegee Airmen, and a Civil War naval commando raid

    10/27/2017 8:56:29 AM PDT · by fugazi · 5 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 27, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1864: In a daring nighttime commando raid, Lt. William B. Cushing, piloting a torpedo-armed steam launch, slips past a Confederate schooner guarding the ironclad CSS Albemarle. Cushing detonates the spar torpedo, blowing a massive hole in the warship, which had been dominating the Roanoke River. Although several of his crew are drowned and captured, Cushing and another sailor escape, leaving behind a destroyed ironclad. 1942: After several days of intense fighting, a shattered Japanese military abandons their offensive on Guadalcanal's Henderson Field. The Japanese will evacuate the island in February, and the Americans will turn Guadalcanal into a major base...
  • Oct. 26 in U.S. military history

    10/26/2017 7:25:42 AM PDT · by fugazi · 1 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 26, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1909: U.S. Army Lt. (future brig. gen.) Frederick Erastus Humphreys​ becomes the first Army aviator to solo in a heavier-than-air craft – the Wright Flyer​ – following three hours of instruction by Wilbur Wright​. 1922: Off Cape Henry, Va., Lt. Commander Godfrey Chevalier becomes the first aviator to land on a moving ship when his Aeromarine 39B biplane touches down on the deck of USS Langley. 1942: Japanese carrier-based aircraft sink the carrier USS Hornet, leaving only one operational American carrier in the Pacific. The Battle of Santa Cruz is a pyrrhic victory for the Japanese, however, as their carrier...
  • Today in U.S. military history: John Basilone, Billy Mitchell, and invasion of Grenada

    10/25/2017 7:37:23 AM PDT · by fugazi · 10 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 25, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1812: The frigate USS United States under the command of Capt. (future commodore) Stephen Decatur – hero of Tripoli and said to be the U.S. Navy’s own Lord Nelson​ – captures the Royal Navy frigate HMS Macedonian under the command of Capt. John Carden in a brisk fight several hundred miles off the Azores. 1925: The court martial of Col. William "Billy" Mitchell, America's chief aviation officer during World War I and considered to be the "Father of the U.S. Air Force", begins in Washington, D.C.. The outspoken Mitchell is charged with multiple counts of insubordination due to his criticism...
  • Today in US military history: McCampbell's MoH, a Korean furball, & beginning of US aid to S Vietnam

    10/24/2017 8:05:07 AM PDT · by fugazi
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 24, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1742: After poor leadership and disease claim all but 600 of the 3,500-man 61st Regiment of Foot, the American expeditionary force is disbanded and returns to the colonies. "Gooch's Regiment", named after regimental commander - also the Governor of Virginia - Lt. Col. William Gooch, had been part of the ill-fated British expedition to capture the Spanish colony of Cartagena (present-day Colombia). 1944: On day two of the Battle of Leyte Gulf - the largest naval engagement of World War II - U.S. aircraft attack the Japanese fleet, sinking the battleship Musashi and damaging four others. A single Japanese dive...
  • Today in US military history: Beirut barracks bombing, and the Gettysburg of the West

    10/23/2017 9:47:22 AM PDT · by fugazi · 6 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 23, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1864: In Westport, Mo. (present-day Kansas City), Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis' 22,000-man Army of the Border defeats a heavily outnumbered Confederate force commanded by Maj. Gen. Sterling Price in the largest battle fought west of the Mississippi River. The Union brings an end to Price's Missouri Expedition with his defeat in the "Gettysburg of the West," and Price retreats into Kansas. After the Battle of Westport, the border state of Missouri will remain under Union control for the rest of the Civil War. 1942: On Guadalcanal, Imperial Japanese soldiers and tanks attempt to cross the Matanikau River, and are...
  • Today in US military history: Keeble's MoH, 1st Korean War airborne op, and MacArthur returns

    10/20/2017 12:52:05 PM PDT · by fugazi · 5 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | 20 Oct. 2017 | Chris Carter
    1922: Lt. Harold R. Harris (Army Air Service) performs the world's first emergency parachute jump when the wings of his Loening PW-2A come apart during a simulated dogfight 2,500 feet over McCook Field. Harris bails out of his cockpit and after free-falling 2,000 feet, he lands safely in a garden in Dayton, Ohio. 1926: After a brutal murder of a post office truck driver, President Calvin Coolidge orders the Marine Corps to protect the mail delivery. 2,500 Marines of the 4th Marine Regiment, commanded by two-time Medal of Honor recipient Brig. Gen. Smedley D. Butler, serve as the "Western Mail...
  • Today in US military history: a WWII drone strike, Pyongyang captured, and Cornwallis surrenders

    10/19/2017 3:10:31 PM PDT · by fugazi · 19 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 19, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1781: British Gen. Charles Cornwallis formally surrenders 7,087 officers and men, 900 seamen, 144 cannons, 15 galleys, a frigate, and 30 transport ships to an American and French force at Yorktown, Va., effectively ending the American Revolution. 1944: Two Interstate TDR assault drones are launched against Japanese gun emplacements on Ballale Island - one drone missing its target and another delivering two of its four 100-lb. bombs on the target. The TDR was a two-engine, unmanned airplane remotely controlled by a Grumman TBF "Avenger" via a television camera feed. 1950: Troopers with the 5th Cavalry Regiment enter Pyongyang, capturing the...
  • Today in US military history: "The Bone," 29th Rangers, and the Burning of Falmouth

    10/18/2017 1:13:56 PM PDT · by fugazi · 3 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 18, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1775: A small British fleet commanded by Capt. Henry Mowat bombards the town of Falmouth, Mass. (modern-day Portland, Maine), setting most of the coastal settlement on fire with incendiary cannonballs. Mowat then sends a landing party ashore to destroy any buildings that were still standing, and the "Burning of Falmouth" will provide the inspiration for the Continental Congress to establish the Continental Navy. 1917: A convoy bearing the newly created 42d "Rainbow" Infantry Division sails from Hoboken, N.J. for France. The unit consists of federalized National Guard soldiers from 26 states and the District of Colombia, and its chief-of-staff is...
  • Today in US military history: USS Independence, John Brown, and Indian Joe's Medal of Honor

    10/16/2017 8:25:19 AM PDT · by fugazi · 1 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 16, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1821: The schooner USS Enterprise (the third of 12 so-named Continental and U.S. Naval vessels) intercepts a flotilla of four ships led by the infamous Capt. Charles Gibbs as the pirates attack American and British-flagged ships in Cuban waters. Although outnumbered, Lt. Cmdr. John Kearney and his crew quickly defeat the pirate force, and Gibbs escapes into the jungles of Cuba as three of his ships are burned. Gibbs will eventually be caught and is one of the last people executed for piracy in the United States. 1859: A small party of abolitionists, led by John Brown, occupies the military...
  • Today in US military history: CAPT Arlo L. Olson's Medal of Honor

    10/13/2017 7:32:51 AM PDT · by fugazi · 11 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 13, 2017 | Chris Carter
    The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) to Captain (Infantry) Arlo L. Olson (ASN: 0-386969), United States Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division, in action at the Volturno River, Italy. On 13 October 1943, when the drive across the Volturno River began, Captain Olson and his company spearheaded the advance of the regiment through 30 miles of mountainous enemy territory in 13...
  • Today in U.S. military history: Chuck Yeager, Hacksaw Ridge, and USS Cole

    10/12/2017 8:26:09 AM PDT · by fugazi · 7 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 12, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1862: Confederate cavalry commander Gen. James Ewell Brown J.E.B. Stuart completes his second ride around Union Gen. George B. McClellans Army of the Potomac. 1870: Five years after surrendering his Army of Northern Virginia to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox, Gen. Robert E. Lee passes away after suffering a stroke. The revered general served his country 44 years, fighting alongside Grant in the Mexican-American War, and against him in the Civil War. 1944: U.S. Army Air Force 1st Lt. Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager and his 357th Fighter Group surprise a flight of 22 Messerschmitt Bf-109 fighters near Hanover, Germany....
  • Today in US military history: Guadalcanal, Apollo 7, and Chesty Puller passes

    10/11/2017 4:34:38 PM PDT · by fugazi · 11 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 11, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1939: A letter written by Hungarian-born physicist Leo Szilard, and signed by Albert Einstein, reaches President Franklin D. Roosevelt, warning that the Germans could develop an atomic weapon and that the United States should begin their own nuclear research. Roosevelt quickly authorizes a committee on uranium, setting in motion what will eventually become the Manhattan Project. 1942: U.S. Naval forces under the command of Rear Admiral Norman Scott intercept a Japanese fleet, commanded by Rear Adm. Aritomo Gotō, attempting to reinforce troops on Guadalcanal in the Battle of Cape Esperance. Fighting begins shortly before midnight off the northwest coast of...
  • Today in US military history

    10/10/2017 8:02:03 AM PDT · by fugazi · 4 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 10, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1845: Secretary of the Navy George Bancroft founds the Naval School in Annapolis, Md. - later renamed the U.S. Naval Academy. The nation's second-oldest service academy (the U.S. Military Academy was established by Thomas Jefferson in 1802) is built on the grounds of Fort Severn, which traces its roots to the American Revolution. 1944: Although assigned as a gunnery instructor and advised not to actively seek out combat, Maj. Richard I. Bong, America's all-time leading ace, volunteers for several missions between Oct. 10 and Nov. 11, shooting down eight Japanese warplanes from his P-38 "Lightning" fighter. For his actions during...
  • Today in US military history: the "Lost Battalion," and a Delta Force operator KIA in Mogadishu

    10/06/2017 3:32:52 PM PDT · by fugazi · 6 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 6, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1777: Near what will soon become the United States Military Academy (West Point, N.Y.), British troops simultaneously attack - and defeat - Continental forces at Forts Clinton and Montgomery, and also destroy the chain that had been placed across the Hudson River to prevent British ships from sailing upriver. The engagement is sometimes called the Battle of the Clintons since the British troops are led by Gen. Sir Henry Clinton, and the garrisons are led by Gens. (and brothers) James Clinton and George Clinton - who is also the governor or New York. 1918: 500 men of the 77th "Metropolitan"...
  • Today in U.S. military history

    10/04/2017 10:07:50 AM PDT · by fugazi · 2 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 4, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1777: A week after losing Philadelphia to the British, Gen. George Washington decides to surprise Gen. Sir William Howe's force encamped at Germantown (Pa.). 11,000 Continental troops and militia have marched 16 miles through the night, and begin their assault at 5:30 a.m.. Although initially successful, heavy fog, insufficiently trained troops, and stiff British resistance unravel Washington's coordinated assault and the attack falls apart. Washington's army suffers over 1,000 casualties and will have to spend the winter at Valley Forge. 1822: Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th President of the United States, is born in Delaware, Oh.. Despite having no military...
  • Today in U.S. military history: Wally Schirra's ride, and Black Hawk Down

    10/03/2017 9:05:56 AM PDT · by fugazi · 15 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 3, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1794: President George Washington calls on the governors of Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia to mobilize troops to put down the Whiskey Rebellion. Washington himself will lead the army - the only time a sitting president commands troops in the field. Henry "Light Horse" Lee, veteran of the American Revolution and father of Confederate general Robert E. Lee will also lead troops, and also participating in the campaign is Pvt. Meriwether Lewis, of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. 1912: Four Marine battalions - including one led by Maj. Smedley Butler - converge and assault the fortress atop the 500-ft....
  • Today in Medal of Honor history

    10/02/2017 8:36:20 AM PDT · by fugazi · 2 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Oct. 2, 2017 | Chris Carter
    On Oct. 2, 1969, Chief Warrant Officer Michael J. Novosel gets the call that a team of South Vietnamese are pinned down in Vietnams Kien Tuong Province, and the medevac pilot points heads to the rescue. As he circles overhead to rally the beleaguered troops while they prepared to be lifted out, enemy fire is so intense that his helicopter is driven away six times. Undeterred, Novosel who would be wounded by close-range automatic weapons fire during the daring mission performed 15 extractions under fire, saving 29 soldiers. This was Novosels second tour flying medevac helicopters in Vietnam....
  • Today in US military history: Luke's Last Stand, and the Hell Fighters from Harlem

    09/29/2017 6:43:13 AM PDT · by fugazi · 2 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 29, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1909: Construction begins on the National Cathedral in Washington, D.C. when President (and former commander of the "Rough Riders") Theodore Roosevelt lays the cornerstone. 81 years later - to the day - work on the church is completed when the "final finial" is placed with Pres. (and former World War II torpedo bomber pilot) George H.W. Bush in attendance. 1918: During the opening days of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, a battalion of African-American soldiers serving under French command secures Sechault, France, but is quickly surrounded when the French units on their flanks retreat. German troops surround the "Hell Fighters from Harlem",...
  • In Light of Protests and Politics, Let's Remember the NFL Veterans of World War II

    09/28/2017 8:09:54 AM PDT · by fugazi · 13 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 28, 2017 | Chris Carter
    [...] After being named a consensus All-American as a right end for the University of Oklahoma, leading the Sooners to their first-ever bowl game in 1939, Walter R. Waddy Young is drafted by the NFLs Brooklyn Dodgers. When war breaks out, Young leaves behind his professional career and enlisted in the Army Air Forces, ultimately becoming a bomber pilot. Young racked up 9,000 combat hours flying his B-24 Liberator in Europe. Once the Nazis surrendered, Young transferred to the Pacific Theater and began flying the new B-29 Superfortress heavy bomber. After a raid on mainland Japan, a bomber in Waddys...
  • Today in US military history: Chesty Puller, Liberty Ships, and the Fastest Man Alive

    09/27/2017 10:01:45 AM PDT · by fugazi · 8 replies
    Unto the Breach ^ | Sept. 27, 2017 | Chris Carter
    1860: During an insurrection on Panama, a landing party of Marines from the sloop-of-war USS St. Mary's land and take control of a railway station. 1941: At Baltimore Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt launches SS Patrick Henry - the first of what will be 2,710 "Liberty Ships." 13 more of the cost-effective and mass-produced cargo ships are launched this day, and the ships will carry millions of tons of supplies across the Atlantic during World War II. 1942: The Liberty Ship SS Stephen Hopkins becomes the only U.S. merchant ship to sink a vessel when she refuses to surrender to...