Yes, sexual and social expectations; sexual manipulation and exploitation and lack of male commitment is all take an anxiety/depression toll upon women. That is indeed a MAJOR factor. But it's not the ONLY major factor.
For example, Mormon women are known to be more chaste pre-marriage -- and marriage is harped upon Mormon males in the Mormon culture. But what do we find in Utah, which was about 60% Mormon in the articles cited below?
Even BYU concedes the problem: Risk Factors and the Prevalence of Depression in Mormon Women
"Neither study was broken down by gender, but nationally women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with depressive disorders as men, experts told ABC News.Psychiatrists point to several factors that could contribute to Utah's high levels of depression: limited mental health resources, restricted access to treatment as a result of cost, poor quality of resources and a varied list of other factors, including an under funded educational system and a culture deeply rooted in the Mormon faith. 'In Mormon culture females are supposed accept a calling. They are to be constantly smiling over their family of five. They are supposed to take supper across the street to an ill neighbor and then put up with their husband when he comes home from work and smile about it the whole time. There is this sense that Mrs. Jones down street is doing the same thing, and there is this undercurrent of competition. To be a good mother and wife, women have to put on this mask of perfection. They can't show their tears, depression or agony,' Canning said. 'Obedience, conformity and maintaining a sense of harmony" are unspoken but widely recognized behaviors, which all contribute to what he calls "the Mother of Zion syndrome."
Other sources re: Utah:
* Utah is known nationwide for the wrong reason. 'Utah has a pharmaceutical drug problem,' said Jeffery Sweetin, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration special agent who oversees Utah...a 2007 report said had the country's highest rate of nonmedical painkiller abuse.
Source headline: Utah has new prescription for painkiller problem (April 15, 2009)
* UVU professor's study puts focus on LDS women and depression (published by Mormon church-owned Deseret News)
* Study: 'Toxic Perfectionism' Major Part of LDS Women's Depression (published by Mormon church-owned KSL.com)
* Viewpoint: Dispelling the darkness [One BYU student recounts her battle with depression] (Written by a BYU student in a BYU publication)
* Religion: Depression and the (Mormon) church
* We've got the blues: Report labels Utah most depressed state in nation (Salt Lake Tribune)