Skip to comments.States target hydraulic fracturing with bans, fines
Posted on 06/11/2013 4:51:47 AM PDT by thackney
As the North American natural gas boom continues, state legislators across the country have targeted hydraulic fracturing for new regulations, proposing a range of 50 bills involving bans, moratoriums and increased disclosure requirements, according to a new Colorado State University study.
Much of the new legislation tries to address issues such as water use, air and water quality monitoring and fluids disclosure, as many non-industrial communities grapple with the impacts of hydraulic fracturing and the changes it brings.
For example, Illinois passed new rules in May requiring drillers to publicly disclose the chemicals they use, and on water testing.
And while hydraulic fracturing has existed for more than 50 years in parts of the country, such as Texas, the bulk of the new state rules are coming from the East Coast, where the shale boom has led to a new surge of oil and gas activity.
Bans are clustered on the northern seaboard, wrote Colorado State Universitys Center on the New Energy Economy.
For example, New York State has introduced 10 new bills the largest number of any state as environmental concerns led New York legislators to extend the states moratorium on the practice until 2015.
Federal regulators have also begun to develop plans for increased natural gas regulation. The Obama administration introduced a new plan in May to tighten standards for drilling on public lands, including more rigorous chemical disclosure requirements.
The proposal would be the first major federal rule governing hydraulic fracturing but would apply only to U.S. land under the Interior Departments control.
State lawmakers also have tried to address growing concerns about surface and mineral rights, introducing 50 bills in 2013 that made proposals regarding notification periods before drilling, post-drilling property restoration and setback or right-of-way property restrictions, the Center report said.
Concern over how natural gas drilling impacts local communities was another hot topic, with 30 new pieces of legislation introduced to address it. Issues such as permitting and zoning ordinances, requirements for safety monitoring devices and regulations on underground storage have been the focus on these proposed rules.
Additional bills have sought to provide revenue for local infrastructure and social program needs.
An additional 33 bills have targeted taxation issues, most of which address severance or production issues.
States seek to strike a balance between attracting development and maintaining funding for a variety of programs, the Center wrote.
Was this a typo?
Some states, not all of them.
OPEC funded academic zealots preaching to dumbocrat states. ALGore wizardry.
“...concerns led New York legislators to extend the states moratorium on the practice until 2015...”
Is there no worry that someone else will drink their milkshake?
As I understand this study, it made no recommendations. It was simply a gathering of information of what the different states have done so far in related regulations. It includes work from places like Texas that mostly improve the ability of this business to take place.
World records for horizontal extended reach of oil drilling is about 8 miles. There is a lot of effort to document and then publicly record the location of the horizontal laterals. Any oil company risking drilling outside the permit and legal mineral leases would like get all their operations shut down in the state. Not to mention intense scrutiny from IRS and everyone nearby every previous lease. There are not enough dollars to be made in those few miles to be worth the risk of all operations and effectively being shut out of the business.
Tight sphinctered single women are exerting their fears and projecting them on pliable legislators intent on doing something.
Fracking is the cause de jour
Along with the OPEC-funded Matt Damon movie demonizing fracking.
“For example, New York State has introduced 10 new bills the largest number of any state as environmental concerns led New York legislators to extend the states moratorium on the practice until 2015. “
Idiots. Keep voting for Democrats.
Just seems to me (a non-petro layman) that natural gas pressure from two adjacent formations would seek a balance and gas would naturally migrate from the untapped towards the tapped.
Remember that the rock of these formations are so tight, they have to create cracks via hydraulic fracturing to get the gas to flow at a worthwhile rate.
After eons, it would like equalize pressure over small areas, but there isn’t enough connectivity in the pores that hold the gas to significantly drain gas outside the immediate drilling area.
Bad policy for the states that ban it and the country, but the states that don’t will benefit because it will help keep the price up. Maybe my strpper wells can hang on for few more years. :-)
Well, considering that the original oil leases were for “straight-down” drilling ... sometimes with the nearest well literally sitting within the legs of the first well drilled, rules for leases and oil rights need to be reviewed. Prudently reviewed, if that were possible in today’s liberal states.
But New York, NH, Mass, and the like HATE passionately ANY and ALL “oil” products and oil wells and oil companies and oil profitability more than they hate Christians and conservatives and family values - both hated more easily evil and by hate-filled eastern bigots perhaps because they are associated with oil states and rural hicks! 8<)
After all, isn’t the northeast ideal and idyllic-life in graceful ease on the outdoor cafes of wine and bicycles-filled sidewalks of socialistic France?
Rules have been updated for horizontal reach drilling. The simplest change is the old rules of distance from the vertical well now apply to the horizontal reach.
“But New York, NH, Mass, and the like HATE passionately ANY and ALL oil products and oil wells and oil companies and oil profitability “
Perhaps if we cut off their suppy for a winter they might have a change of attitude. :-)
Does you wife know you've been drilling strippers?
...not to worry...North Dakota joins OPEC ....Arab and dim heads exploding all over.
They still have to pay the same amount in royalty. The only difference would be who they pay the royalty to.
“Does you wife know you’ve been drilling strippers?”
LOL I tell her they are wells and thats my story and I am sticking to it.
I didn’t think about that, thanks.
Should that phrase read "Democrat state legislators"? That stat could be interesting!
No. This study did not limit it to anti-hydraulic facturing. It includes those regulations or otherwise helped. Also Republicans are not afraid to sign on to some updated fees.
Thanks Robert A. Cook, PE.
"Bans are clustered on the northern seaboard," wrote Colorado State Universitys Center on the New Energy Economy.
An interesting bit of email from my from my old employer.
Considering the source still positive for North America.
All that with our dear leaders foot on the energy supply lines.
12 June 2013
BP Statistical Review Reveals Biggest Annual Increase in US Oil Production, as World Energy System Adapts to Changing Global Dynamics
The BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013 - the 62nd annual report - is launched today, revealing that 2012 had the largest single-year increase in US oil production ever recorded, and new evidence of the flexibility of the worlds energy system in meeting rapid global change.
The US recorded the worlds highest growth in production of both oil and natural gas in 2012, on the back of increasing production of unconventional hydrocarbons such as tight oil, an example of the increasing diversity of energy sources as the global market continues to adapt, innovate and evolve. With rising natural gas output driving prices lower in the US, natural gas displaced coal in power generation, causing the US to experience the largest decline of coal consumption in the world.
Elsewhere, 2012 saw the largest annual decline in world nuclear output. In Japan, where nuclear power generation all but disappeared after 2011s Fukushima accident, higher imports of fossil fuels including liquefied natural gas (LNG) kept the lights on. In Europe, where gas prices were higher than in the US, power generators took the opposite course from the US, and substituted coal for gas.
For those of us in the energy industry, the challenges are about how we respond to the big shifts we are seeing a shift in demand towards emerging economies and a shift in supply towards a greater diversity of energy sources, including unconventionals, said Bob Dudley, BP Group Chief Executive.
The data show there is ample energy available. Our challenge as an industry is to make the best choices about where to invest. We want to provide energy in ways that enable us to be both safe and competitive deploying our strengths while reducing our risks, and managing our costs.
The Review also revealed a drop in the growth of overall global energy consumption to 1.8% in 2012, down from 2.4% the previous year. This was partly as a result of the economic slowdown, but also because individuals and businesses responded to high prices by becoming more efficient in their use of energy. The emerging economies - the non-OECD countries - firmly established themselves as the source of what demand growth was seen, with China and India alone accounting for nearly 90% of the increase. Just twenty years ago, the emerging economies accounted for only 42% of global consumption; now that figure is 56%.
For a second consecutive year, oil supply disruptions in Africa and the Middle East were offset by growth among other Middle East producers, with record oil production in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Qatar. Despite these supply increases, average nominal oil prices reached another record high.
Coal remained the fastest-growing fossil fuel, with China now consuming the majority of the worlds coal for the first timebut it was also the fossil fuel that saw the weakest growth relative to its historical average.
Hydroelectric and renewable energy (along with cheap natural gas in North America) competed against coal in power generation. Global biofuels output fell for the first time since 2000 due to weakness in the US, but renewables in power generation grew by 15.2% and accounted for a record 4.7% of global power output.
Global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from energy use continued to grow in 2012, but at a slower rate than in 2011. Lower coal use helped the US reduce its emissions of carbon dioxide to 1994 levels, and EU emissions declined despite coal gaining market share from natural gas in power generation.
2012 was yet another year of adaptation to a changing energy landscape, said Christof Rühl, BPs Chief Economist. As the non-OECD economies industrialize, they unlock ever more resources. The data tell us that the industrializing part of the world not only outpaces the OECD in terms of proved reserves growth, it also contributes its fair share to energy production.
Review highlights - energy developments
World primary energy consumption grew by 1.8% in 2012, well below the 10-year average of 2.6%.
Consumption in OECD countries fell by 1.2%, led by a decline of 2.8% in the US (the worlds largest decline in volumetric terms).
Non-OECD consumption grew by 4.2%, below the 10-year average of 5.3%.
Global consumption growth was below average for all fossil fuels and nuclear power; regionally growth was below average everywhere except Africa.
Oil remains the worlds leading fuel, at 33.1% of global energy consumption, but oil continued to lose market share for the 13th consecutive year and its current market share is the lowest in BPs data set, which begins in 1965.
Dated Brent averaged $111.67 per barrel in 2011, an increase of $0.4 per barrel from the 2011 level.
Global oil consumption grew by 890,000 barrels per day (b/d), or 0.9%, below the historical average.
Oil had the weakest global growth rate among fossil fuels for the third consecutive year. OECD consumption declined by 1.3% (530,000 b/d), the sixth decrease in the past seven years; the OECD now accounts for just 50.2% of global consumption, the smallest share on record. Outside the OECD, consumption grew by 1.4 million b/d, or 3.3%.
China again recorded the largest increment to global consumption growth (+470,000 b/d, +5%) although the growth rate was below the 10-year average. Japanese consumption grew by 250,000 b/d (+6.3%), the strongest growth increment since 1994.
Global oil production increased by 1.9 million b/d, or 2.2%. OPEC accounted for about three-quarters of the global increase despite a decline in Iranian output (-680,000 b/d) due to international sanctions. Libyan output (+1 million b/d) nearly regained all of the ground lost in 2011.
For a second consecutive year, output reached record levels in Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Qatar. Iraq and Kuwait also registered significant increases.
Non-OPEC output grew by 490,000 b/d, with increases in the US (+1 million b/d), Canada, Russia and China offsetting unexpected outages in Sudan/South Sudan (down 340,000 b/d) and Syria (-160,000 b/d), as well as declines in mature provinces such as the United Kingdom and Norway.
US net oil imports fell by 930,000 b/d and are now 36% below their 2005 peak. Conversely, Chinas net oil imports grew by 610,000 b/d.
World natural gas consumption grew by 2.2%, below the historical average of 2.7%.
Consumption growth was above the 10-year average in South & Central America, Africa and North America, where the US (+4.1%) recorded the largest increment in the world. In Asia, China (+9.9%) and Japan (+10.3%) were responsible for the next-largest growth increments. Globally, natural gas accounted for 23.9% of primary energy consumption.
Global natural gas production grew by 1.9%. The US (+4.7%) once again recorded the largest volumetric increase and remained the worlds largest producer. Norway (+12.6%), Qatar (+7.8%), and Saudi Arabia (+11.1%) also saw significant production increases, while Russia (-2.7%) had the worlds largest decline in volumetric terms.
Global liquefied natural gas trade declined for the first time on record (-0.9%), while pipeline trade grew weakly (+0.5%).
Coal consumption grew by 2.5% in 2012, well below the 10-year average of 4.4% but still the fastest-growing fossil fuel.
Global coal production grew by 2%, with growth in China (+3.5%) and Indonesia (+9%) offsetting a decline in the US (-7.5%). Coal reached the highest share of global primary energy consumption (29.9%) since 1970.
Global nuclear output fell by 6.9%, the largest decline on record for a second consecutive year; Japanese output fell by 89%, accounting for 82% of the global decline. Nuclear output accounted for 4.5% of global energy consumption, the smallest share since 1984. Hydroelectric output rose by an above-average 4.3%, with China accounting for all of the net increase.
Renewable energy sources saw mixed results in 2012. Global biofuels production recorded the first decline since 2000 (-0.4%), due to a decline in the US (-4.3%). In contrast, renewable energy used in power generation grew by 15.2%, slightly above the historical average.
Renewable forms of energy accounted for 2.4% of global energy consumption, up from 0.8% in 2002; renewables in power generation accounted for a record 4.7% of global power generation.
Notes to editors:
The BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 2013 is available online at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
Join the conversation at #BPstats
Name: BP Press Office
Phone: +44 (0)207 496 4076
Read the full press release online
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