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Hubble Goes to the eXtreme to Assemble Farthest-Ever View of the Universe
NASA ^ | September 26, 2012 | Staff

Posted on 09/26/2012 7:22:19 PM PDT by lbryce

Like photographers assembling a portfolio of best shots, astronomers have assembled a new, improved portrait of mankind's deepest-ever view of the universe.

Called the eXtreme Deep Field, or XDF, the photo was assembled by combining 10 years of NASA Hubble Space Telescope photographs taken of a patch of sky at the center of the original Hubble Ultra Deep Field. The XDF is a small fraction of the angular diameter of the full moon.

The Hubble Ultra Deep Field is an image of a small area of space in the constellation Fornax, created using Hubble Space Telescope data from 2003 and 2004. By collecting faint light over many hours of observation, it revealed thousands of galaxies, both nearby and very distant, making it the deepest image of the universe ever taken at that time.

The new full-color XDF image is even more sensitive, and contains about 5,500 galaxies even within its smaller field of view. The faintest galaxies are one ten-billionth the brightness of what the human eye can see.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: cosmology; nasa; space
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What's really mind-boggling is that the image is merely an infinitesimal fraction of the full depth of range just for this very narrow perspective.
1 posted on 09/26/2012 7:22:24 PM PDT by lbryce
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To: SunkenCiv

ping


2 posted on 09/26/2012 7:23:49 PM PDT by lbryce (BHO-"Now, I am become Death, the Destroyer of Worlds" by way of Oppenheimer at Trinity, NM)
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To: lbryce

Just a tiny fraction of an inch square of the sky.


3 posted on 09/26/2012 7:25:28 PM PDT by cripplecreek (What does it profit a man if he gains the whole world but loses his soul?)
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To: lbryce
My God does good work. Marvelous are His works.

/johnny

4 posted on 09/26/2012 7:28:11 PM PDT by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: lbryce

Galaxies like grains of sand...


5 posted on 09/26/2012 7:34:13 PM PDT by Noumenon (“...the other side wants everything in America to be free, except us.” Paul Ryan)
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To: lbryce
...10 years of NASA Hubble Space Telescope photographs taken of a patch of sky ... a small fraction of the angular diameter of the full moon.... The faintest galaxies are one ten-billionth the brightness of what the human eye can see.

And some would have you believe it's all just.... coincidence.

I often wonder what the late Carl Sagan thinks about, just now.

6 posted on 09/26/2012 7:34:33 PM PDT by workerbee (The President of the United States is DOMESTIC ENEMY #1)
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To: lbryce

“No eye has seen, no ear has heard, and no mind has imagined the things that God has prepared for those who love him.”

Can you imagine the ability to see and know all that has been created, with “knowing” that is not limited by our human perspective and senses...to finally “see” our God’s magnificent tapestry of creation as He sees it.

I can’t wait!


7 posted on 09/26/2012 7:35:30 PM PDT by dadgum (Overjoyed to be the Pariah.)
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To: JRandomFreeper

The farther we peer into the heavens the shorter our vision becomes.


8 posted on 09/26/2012 7:35:59 PM PDT by Louis Foxwell (Better the devil we can destroy than the Judas we must tolerate.)
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To: lbryce

Has it found Obama’s birth certificate yet ?


9 posted on 09/26/2012 7:36:30 PM PDT by American Constitutionalist
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To: Louis Foxwell

Did you see Nemo the clownfish at the bottom of the picture?


10 posted on 09/26/2012 7:38:26 PM PDT by Louis Foxwell (Better the devil we can destroy than the Judas we must tolerate.)
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To: cripplecreek

The field is smaller than a grain of sand held at arm’s length. Yet it contains some 5,000+ galaxies. Galaxies typically contain 50-200 billion stars (each). The furthest objects in the field (galaxies and/or proto-galaxies) are reported to be some 13.2 billion light years away, ONE light year, the distance light travels in a year at its basically constant speed of 186,000 miles per second, works out to be about 6 TRILLION miles. So these objects, now redshifted into much longer wavelengths by virtue of universal expansion, are in the neighborhood of 13.2 billion times 6 trillion miles away from us. And they’re 13.2 billion years older by now. Did I screw up on any of this?


11 posted on 09/26/2012 7:42:03 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: workerbee

Ice water.


12 posted on 09/26/2012 7:46:08 PM PDT by BykrBayb (Somewhere, my flower is there. ~ Þ)
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To: ETL
Image and video hosting by TinyPic

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/xdf.html

13 posted on 09/26/2012 7:46:25 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: lbryce

The deep, then the ultra deep and now the xtreme deep ... my favorite picture... it is and has been my desk top and if I need to clear my mind and start over I just look at it and go “WOW”

TT


14 posted on 09/26/2012 7:46:35 PM PDT by TexasTransplant (Radical islam is islam. Moderate islam is the Trojan Horse.)
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To: lbryce

There is a lot more nothing than something out there thats even more amazing


15 posted on 09/26/2012 7:47:53 PM PDT by al baby (“If Barack Obama has a Harvard law degree, he didn’t earn that. Somebody else made that happen.”)
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To: ETL
Well, when you put it that way, I guess I'm ready to give up me liver after all!


16 posted on 09/26/2012 7:51:44 PM PDT by Alas Babylon!
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To: Alas Babylon!
I meant this, actually:

Monty Python's Galaxy Song

17 posted on 09/26/2012 7:55:26 PM PDT by Alas Babylon!
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To: Noumenon
Galaxies like grains of sand...

It's been said that the galaxies of our universe are more numerous than all the grains of sand on our planet. Realizing that this image is but a tiny slice of the visible sky, one can't help but ponder that fact in all its enormity.

18 posted on 09/26/2012 7:56:02 PM PDT by Windflier (To anger a conservative, tell him a lie. To anger a liberal, tell him the truth.)
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To: workerbee
And some would have you believe it's all just.... coincidence.

It is incredible how nature provides all these convenient 'clues' for us to learn about it. From simple starlight (via spectroscopy) we can determine a star's chemical composition, its temperature, its motion, its distance, on and on. We'd never be able to know these things otherwise. The nearest star, aside from the Sun, is roughly 25 trillion miles away.

19 posted on 09/26/2012 7:57:41 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Alas Babylon!

Lol! Love Monty Python.

“This is the planet Algon, fifth world in the system of Aldebaran, the Red Giant in the constellation of Sagittarius. Here an ordinary cup of drinking chocolate costs four million pounds, an immersion heater for the hot-water tank costs over six billion pounds, and a pair of split-crotch panties would be almost unobtainable.”

http://www.montypython.net/scripts/algon.php


20 posted on 09/26/2012 8:02:34 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: ETL
So these objects, now redshifted into much longer wavelengths by virtue of universal expansion, are in the neighborhood of 13.2 billion times 6 trillion miles away from us. And they’re 13.2 billion years older by now. Did I screw up on any of this?

I'm not going to double check your work, but it's amazing that we were all touching at one time.

21 posted on 09/26/2012 8:03:02 PM PDT by Moonman62 (The US has become a government with a country, rather than a country with a government.)
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To: Alas Babylon!

LOL! I just watched that MP clip you linked. I never saw that skit before. The music is the same theme as that from the conclusion of their film Life Of Brian (”Always Look On the Bright Side of Life”).


22 posted on 09/26/2012 8:06:43 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: ETL
The field is smaller than a grain of sand held at arm’s length. Yet it contains some 5,000+ galaxies. Galaxies typically contain 50-200 billion stars (each).

The human mind simply doesn't the capacity to fully imagine the total scope of what we behold in the night sky.

I mean, just try picturing your entire field of vision in a spherical, 360 degree aspect, divided into segments as small as a grain of sand held at arm's length. Then, imagine that there are at least 5,000 galaxies in every one of those segments - each containing 50 to 200 BILLION stars.

I don't think I can do it. In fact, I know that I can't.

I'm telling you, people who think the only life in the cosmos is on this planet, just aren't thinking with the staggering numbers involved with the question.

23 posted on 09/26/2012 8:06:49 PM PDT by Windflier (To anger a conservative, tell him a lie. To anger a liberal, tell him the truth.)
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To: Moonman62
I'm not going to double check your work, but it's amazing that we were all touching at one time.

According to Big Bang Inflation theory, the entire universe, currently 13.2 billion light years in radius, and assuming we're actually 'seeing' to its near end/beginning, was once contained within a volume of space many billions of times smaller than the nucleus of a hydrogen atom.

24 posted on 09/26/2012 8:12:37 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: workerbee
Poor guy is probably spinning in his grave over the catastrophic damage obama has done to our space program.
25 posted on 09/26/2012 8:21:55 PM PDT by Vote 4 Nixon (EAT...FISH...SLEEP...REDUX)
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To: Windflier

A grain of sand held at arm’s length is roughly 1/12th the apparent diameter of the full moon. The Hubble eXtreme field, I believe, is even tinier than that. Amazing achievement. Then again, astronomers didn’t do that, Obama did!


26 posted on 09/26/2012 8:25:38 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: lbryce

Each time I view this, I just cannot help thinking that we, the human race, is the highlight and the epitome of creation in the history of time.


27 posted on 09/26/2012 8:26:29 PM PDT by Artie (We are surrounded by MORONS)
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To: Windflier
Galaxies Like Grains of Sand is also the evocative title of science fiction work by Brian Aldiss published in 1960. I read that book over and over until I literally wore it out; it captured my imagination and sense of wonder as few books or writers have since.

I think I'll have to find a copy...

28 posted on 09/26/2012 8:28:47 PM PDT by Noumenon (“...the other side wants everything in America to be free, except us.” Paul Ryan)
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To: Vote 4 Nixon; workerbee

Carl Sagan “100 Billion Galaxies each W/100 Billion Stars”:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Ex__M-OwSA


29 posted on 09/26/2012 8:29:48 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: lbryce

From the play Our Town:

REBECCA: I never told you about that letter Jane Crofut got from her minister when she was sick. He wrote Jane a letter and on theenvelope the address was like this: It said: Jane Crofut; The Crofut Farm; Grover’s Corners; Sutton County; New Hamp-shire; United States of America.

GEORGE: What’s funny about that?

REBECCA: But listen, it’s not finished: the United States of America; Conti-nent of North America; Western Hemisphere; the Earth; the Solar System; the Universe; the Mind of God — that’s what it said on the envelope.

GEORGE:

What do you know!

REBECCA: And the postman brought it just the same.

GEORGE: What do you know!


30 posted on 09/26/2012 8:31:07 PM PDT by garjog (We do not want another four more years of the last four years.)
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To: ETL

Makes you wonder how big Michelle’s shorts will be after they can no longer maintain pressure.


31 posted on 09/26/2012 8:32:17 PM PDT by BykrBayb (Somewhere, my flower is there. ~ Þ)
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To: lbryce
And not a radio signal from any of those civilizations out there.
32 posted on 09/26/2012 8:36:48 PM PDT by fella ("As it was before Noah, so shall it be again")
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To: Noumenon

Galaxies Like Grains of Sand by Brian Aldiss

Thanks for the tip. I'll have to read it. That was an excellent recommendation.

33 posted on 09/26/2012 8:37:31 PM PDT by Windflier (To anger a conservative, tell him a lie. To anger a liberal, tell him the truth.)
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To: Windflier
just try picturing your entire field of vision in a spherical, 360 degree aspect, divided into segments as small as a grain of sand held at arm's length. Then, imagine that there are at least 5,000 galaxies in every one of those segments - each containing 50 to 200 BILLION stars.

And the miniscule segments wouldn't be 'slices'. They would be more like little squares of which a tiny grain of sand (held at arm's length) would fill.

34 posted on 09/26/2012 8:41:21 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: ETL

Six trillion miles *shakes head* it is hard to get your head around that distance..!


35 posted on 09/26/2012 8:41:29 PM PDT by cardinal4 (If Baraq Hussein Obama had a son he would look like Rageboy)
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To: BykrBayb

LOL... perhaps.


36 posted on 09/26/2012 8:42:22 PM PDT by workerbee (The President of the United States is DOMESTIC ENEMY #1)
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To: lbryce

Thanks lbryce. Am simply in awe.


37 posted on 09/26/2012 8:44:28 PM PDT by no-to-illegals (Please God, Protect and Bless Our Men and Women in Uniform with Victory. Amen.)
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To: Vote 4 Nixon; workerbee

Carl Sagan on the Tonight Show w/ Johnny Carson:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5NsvOaYher8


38 posted on 09/26/2012 8:44:49 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Vote 4 Nixon; workerbee

Johnny Carson as Carl Sagan in Tonight Show sketch:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1jVQg87MA9s


39 posted on 09/26/2012 8:47:07 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: fella

A mystery, of why there is so much static. Maybe and I do not know if this is anywhere correct, though, could it be frequency modulation problems, or perhaps use of the wrong spectrum?


40 posted on 09/26/2012 8:47:19 PM PDT by no-to-illegals (Please God, Protect and Bless Our Men and Women in Uniform with Victory. Amen.)
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To: fella

We’re their Israel.


41 posted on 09/26/2012 8:47:44 PM PDT by BykrBayb (Somewhere, my flower is there. ~ Þ)
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Comment #42 Removed by Moderator

To: lbryce
­God is magnificent
43 posted on 09/26/2012 8:49:05 PM PDT by IslamE (epiphany)
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To: lbryce
From the NASA article: "The youngest galaxy found in the XDF existed just 450 million years after the universe's birth in the big bang."

Fantastic photos!!

Just think--we're seeing through the Hubble Space Telescope what has not been seen from here on earth since Helen Thomas looked up at the night sky as a little girl and saw that galaxy being formed.

44 posted on 09/26/2012 8:55:03 PM PDT by Carl Vehse
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To: lbryce

Amazing, profound, beautiful and mind boggling.....

Who else is out there and are they as amazed... when looking back at us?


45 posted on 09/26/2012 8:56:11 PM PDT by Gator113 (I would have voted for NEWT, now it's Ryan and the other guy.~Just livin' life, my way~)
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To: IslamE

Very cool video. Thanks for the link, although I would have preferred hearing Pink Floyd in the background. :)

Pink Floyd - Dark Side Of The Moon:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLOth-BuCNY


46 posted on 09/26/2012 8:56:53 PM PDT by ETL (ALL (most?) of the Obama-commie connections at my FR Home page: http://www.freerepublic.com/~etl/)
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To: Windflier

Once I was deep in prayer, And I suddenly had a desire to know what it was like to be God and to know everything that was going on in the universe.

And for a moment, it felt like I did. Granted it seems an impossible number of individual things to know, but it was also just one thing to know. It was like a juggler juggling 1,000,000 balls, it wasn’t a matter of keeping track of the destiny of each individual ball, each ball was in motion set by the juggler, their path in life was by the will and power of the juggler who sent them. All the juggler had to keep in mind was setting into motion the balls coming to his hand, the paths of the ball’s he sent in motion, were set.

Or, you could say the will of God is like a stream of water so clear you can’t even see the water... you only way you can tell that the water’s there, is by the bubbles in it...and the bubbles are our reality, as we know it. But the reality we know, is actually nothing but empty air, carried along...the illusion of change, motion, time, energy we try to explain with physical laws, is nothing but a list of incidents relating to the actual motive force of Gods will.

Or, so it seemed that the time. It was only for a moment.


47 posted on 09/26/2012 8:58:04 PM PDT by Tuanedge (The Buffalo hates the Tiger, but the Tiger loves the Buffalo.)
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To: JRandomFreeper

After we were married, my husband and I bought two large Hubble prints from an ad in the back of my Astronomy magazine. My husband picked the Eagle Nebula, but I had to have the Deep Field. We had them professionally framed and hung them in our offices.

It helps to wake me up and remember this is just a tiny bit of the great I AM’s craftwork. I can’t wait to see more.


48 posted on 09/26/2012 9:00:09 PM PDT by Kieri (The Conservatrarian)
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To: fella
Have thought of lack of signals for some time. Here is another explanation. What if we are receiving an order in the magnitude of one billion signals at once? What would appear as background noise would instead be radio or light waves that would sound as static. Truly do not know for certain, though is fascinating to think about.
49 posted on 09/26/2012 9:00:17 PM PDT by no-to-illegals (Please God, Protect and Bless Our Men and Women in Uniform with Victory. Amen.)
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To: ETL
And the miniscule segments wouldn't be 'slices'. They would be more like little squares of which a tiny grain of sand (held at arm's length) would fill.

Exactly. Almost like individual pixels on a computer screen. Each containing 5,000 galaxies. Incomprehensible magnitude.....

50 posted on 09/26/2012 9:01:09 PM PDT by Windflier (To anger a conservative, tell him a lie. To anger a liberal, tell him the truth.)
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