Refineries without access to cheap Natural Gas have a huge cost disadvantage.
A few years ago NH deregulated their electricity suppliers. Several companies have sprung up in the last two years that will sell you the electric killawatt charge of your bill at a discount to the local distributor PSNH. They are doing this by buying electricity on the market from natural gas power plants that can produce it cheaper than PSNH’s coal, wood biomass,etc. plants. They originally started selling to commercial users. About a year ago they started advertising to homeowners(like me). I signed a contract for two years with a company called Resident Power.
It saves me about $15-20/ month from what I was paying PSNH.
At my former company one of their primary industrial products was building and installing NG powered turbines to make electricity connected to boilers to make steam from the exhaust heat. I was laid off because the price of NG went up so much that it was no longer economical to run them. Maybe this will reawaken that market.