Skip to comments.Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 02-14-20, M, St. Cyril, Monk and St. Methodius, Bishop
Posted on 02/13/2020 11:22:54 PM PST by Salvation
Jeroboam left Jerusalem,
and the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite met him on the road.
The two were alone in the area,
and the prophet was wearing a new cloak.
Ahijah took off his new cloak,
tore it into twelve pieces, and said to Jeroboam:
Take ten pieces for yourself;
the LORD, the God of Israel, says:
I will tear away the kingdom from Solomons grasp
and will give you ten of the tribes.
One tribe shall remain to him for the sake of David my servant,
and of Jerusalem,
the city I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel.
Israel went into rebellion against Davids house to this day.
R. (11a and 9a) I am the Lord, your God: hear my voice.
There shall be no strange god among you
nor shall you worship any alien god.
I, the LORD, am your God
who led you forth from the land of Egypt.
R. I am the Lord, your God: hear my voice.
My people heard not my voice,
and Israel obeyed me not;
So I gave them up to the hardness of their hearts;
they walked according to their own counsels.
R. I am the Lord, your God: hear my voice.
If only my people would hear me,
and Israel walk in my ways,
Quickly would I humble their enemies;
against their foes I would turn my hand.
R. I am the Lord, your God: hear my voice.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.
Open our hearts, O Lord,
to listen to the words of your Son.
R. Alleluia, alleluia.
Jesus left the district of Tyre
and went by way of Sidon to the Sea of Galilee,
into the district of the Decapolis.
And people brought to him a deaf man who had a speech impediment
and begged him to lay his hand on him.
He took him off by himself away from the crowd.
He put his finger into the mans ears
and, spitting, touched his tongue;
then he looked up to heaven and groaned, and said to him,
Ephphatha! (that is, Be opened!)
And immediately the mans ears were opened,
his speech impediment was removed,
and he spoke plainly.
He ordered them not to tell anyone.
But the more he ordered them not to,
the more they proclaimed it.
They were exceedingly astonished and they said,
He has done all things well.
He makes the deaf hear and the mute speak.
For the readings of the Memorial of Saints Cyril, monk, and Methodius, please go here.
KEYWORDS: catholic; mk7; ordinarytime; prayer; saints;
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From: 1 Kings 11:29-32; 12:19
Jeroboam Revolts and Becomes King of Israel (Continuation)
Ten Tribes Withdraw (Continuation)
11:26-40. Jeroboams revolt is the will of the Lord God of Israel. Through the prophet Ahijah, he makes Jeroboam, who was not a descendant of Solomon, king of the ten tribes of the North, of which Ephraim was the most important. In the past, it was God, too, who designated the king of Israel, as in the case of Saul (cf. 1 Sam 10:22-24) and David (cf. 1 Sam 16:1-12). Now God decides who is to rule each of the two kingdoms (Israel and Judah) that come into being as a punishment for Solomons sin—and in keeping with Gods promise. On account of the sin, the kingdom ought to be taken away from Solomons line, but because God is faithful to his promise to David he will keep a member of Davids house on the throne. So, two kingdoms come into being.
St Cyprian sees the prophet Ahijahs gesture of tearing his cloak into twelve pieces as a counter-symbol to the unity of the Church as symbolized by Christs tunic. Christ carried within him the unity which exists on high, the unity of heaven and the Father; this unity can never be sundered by anyone who acquires or possesses it; rather, it always retains as its indivisible character all the solidity and stability of unity. No one who breaks and divides his Church can put on the garment of Christ. What happens is the opposite of what took place at the death of Solomon, when his kingdom and his people were divided up. At that time, the prophet Ahijah, on his way out to meet Jeroboam in the fields, tore his cloak into twelve parts, saying: Take ten pieces.... Just as the twelve tribes of Israel were separated, Ahijah tore his cloak. But since the people of Christ cannot be divided, the Lord’s tunic, woven in a single piece without seam, was not torn up by those who fought to take possession of it: undivided, close-knit and united, the tunic is a symbol of the harmony that ought to exist among our people, we who have submitted ourselves to the service of Christ. Christ prefigures the unity of the Church in the mystery and symbolism of his tunic (”De Unilate Ecclesiae”, 7).
12:16-19. The cry To your tents, O Israel (v. 16) is not so much a declaration of independence as an act of treachery, as when Sheba rebelled against David (cf. 2 Sam 20:1). The situation that the Northern tribes want to recreate by cutting themselves off from the house of David, is interpreted by the sacred writer as a crime and not a right. They call themselves Israel, which will be the name of the kingdom of the North, whereas that of the South, where Davids line will continue, will be called Judah, after the tribe that made it up. Theobservation to this day (v. 19) shows that this history was written at a time when those two kingdoms still existed but it also denotes hope of a future reunification.
From: Mark 7:31-37
The Curing of a Deaf Man
32-33. Sacred Scripture quite often shows the laying on of hands as a gesture indicating the transfer of power or blessing (cf. Genesis 48:14ff; 2 Kings 5:11; Luke 13:13). Everyone knows that saliva can help heal minor cuts. In the language of Revelation fingers symbolized powerful Divine action (cf. Exodus 8:19; Psalm 8:4; Luke 11:20). So Jesus uses signs which suit in some way the effect He wants to achieve, though we can see from the text that the effect—the instantaneous cure of the deaf and dumb man—far exceeds the sign used.
In the miracle of the deaf and dumb man we can see a symbol of the way God acts on souls: for us to believe, God must first open our heart so we can listen to His word. Then, like the Apostles, we too can proclaim the “magnalia Dei”, the mighty works of God (cf. Acts 2:11). In the Church’s liturgy (cf. the hymn “Veni Creator”) the Holy Spirit is compared to the finger of the right hand of God the Father (”Digitus paternae dexterae”). The Consoler produces in our souls, in the supernatural order, effects comparable to those which Christ produces in the body of the deaf and dumb man.
Liturgical Colour: White.
These are the readings for the feria
|1 Kings 11:29-32,12:19 ©|
|Psalm 80(81):10-15 ©|
|Gospel||Mark 7:31-37 ©|
These are the readings for the memorial
|First reading||Acts 13:46-49 ©|
|Responsorial Psalm||Psalm 116(117) ©|
|Gospel||Luke 10:1-9 ©|
|English: Douay-Rheims||Latin: Vulgata Clementina||Greek NT: Byzantine/Majority Text (2000)|
|31.||And again going out of the coasts of Tyre, he came by Sidon to the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the coasts of Decapolis.||Et iterum exiens de finibus Tyri, venit per Sidonem ad mare Galilææ inter medios fines Decapoleos.||και παλιν εξελθων εκ των οριων τυρου και σιδωνος ηλθεν προς την θαλασσαν της γαλιλαιας ανα μεσον των οριων δεκαπολεως|
|32.||And they bring to him one deaf and dumb; and they besought him that he would lay his hand upon him.||Et adducunt ei surdum, et mutum, et deprecabantur eum, ut imponat illi manum.||και φερουσιν αυτω κωφον μογγιλαλον και παρακαλουσιν αυτον ινα επιθη αυτω την χειρα|
|33.||And taking him from the multitude apart, he put his fingers into his ears, and spitting, he touched his tongue:||Et apprehendens eum de turba seorsum, misit digitos suos in auriculas ejus : et exspuens, tetigit linguam ejus :||και απολαβομενος αυτον απο του οχλου κατ ιδιαν εβαλεν τους δακτυλους αυτου εις τα ωτα αυτου και πτυσας ηψατο της γλωσσης αυτου|
|34.||And looking up to heaven, he groaned, and said to him: Ephpheta, which is, Be thou opened.||et suscipiens in cælum, ingemuit, et ait illi : Ephphetha, quod est, Adaperire.||και αναβλεψας εις τον ουρανον εστεναξεν και λεγει αυτω εφφαθα ο εστιν διανοιχθητι|
|35.||And immediately his ears were opened, and the string of his tongue was loosed, and he spoke right.||Et statim apertæ sunt aures ejus, et solutum est vinculum linguæ ejus, et loquebatur recte.||και ευθεως διηνοιχθησαν αυτου αι ακοαι και ελυθη ο δεσμος της γλωσσης αυτου και ελαλει ορθως|
|36.||And he charged them that they should tell no man. But the more he charged them, so much the more a great deal did they publish it.||Et præcepit illis ne cui dicerent. Quanto autem eis præcipiebat, tanto magis plus prædicabant :||και διεστειλατο αυτοις ινα μηδενι ειπωσιν οσον δε αυτος αυτοις διεστελλετο μαλλον περισσοτερον εκηρυσσον|
|37.||And so much the more did they wonder, saying: He hath done all things well; he hath made both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak.||et eo amplius admirabantur, dicentes : Bene omnia fecit : et surdos fecit audire, et mutos loqui.||και υπερπερισσως εξεπλησσοντο λεγοντες καλως παντα πεποιηκεν και τους κωφους ποιει ακουειν και τους αλαλους λαλειν|
Because their father was an officer in a part of Greece inhabited by many Slavs, these two Greek brothers ultimately became missionaries, teachers, and patrons of the Slavic peoples.
After a brilliant course of studies, Cyril (called Constantine until he became a monk shortly before his death) refused the governorship of a district such as his brother had accepted among the Slavic-speaking population. Cyril withdrew to a monastery where his brother Methodius had become a monk after some years in a governmental post.
A decisive change in their lives occurred when the Duke of Moravia asked the Eastern Emperor Michael for political independence from German rule and ecclesiastical autonomy (having their own clergy and liturgy). Cyril and Methodius undertook the missionary task.
Cyrils first work was to invent an alphabet, still used in some Eastern liturgies. His followers probably formed the Cyrillic alphabet. Together they translated the Gospels, the psalter, Pauls letters and the liturgical books into Slavonic, and composed a Slavonic liturgy, highly irregular then.
That and their free use of the vernacular in preaching led to opposition from the German clergy. The bishop refused to consecrate Slavic bishops and priests, and Cyril was forced to appeal to Rome. On the visit to Rome, he and Methodius had the joy of seeing their new liturgy approved by Pope Adrian II. Cyril, long an invalid, died in Rome 50 days after taking the monastic habit.
Methodius continued mission work for 16 more years. He was papal legate for all the Slavic peoples, consecrated a bishop and then given an ancient see (now in the Czech Republic). When much of their former territory was removed from their jurisdiction, the Bavarian bishops retaliated with a violent storm of accusation against Methodius. As a result, Emperor Louis the German exiled Methodius for three years. Pope John VIII secured his release.
Because the Frankish clergy, still smarting, continued their accusations, Methodius had to go to Rome to defend himself against charges of heresy and uphold his use of the Slavonic liturgy. He was again vindicated.
Legend has it that in a feverish period of activity, Methodius translated the whole Bible into Slavonic in eight months. He died on Tuesday of Holy Week, surrounded by his disciples, in his cathedral church.
Opposition continued after his death, and the work of the brothers in Moravia was brought to an end and their disciples scattered. But the expulsions had the beneficial effect of spreading the spiritual, liturgical, and cultural work of the brothers to Bulgaria, Bohemia and southern Poland. Patrons of Moravia, and specially venerated by Catholic Czechs, Slovaks, Croatians, Orthodox Serbians and Bulgarians, Cyril and Methodius are eminently fitted to guard the long-desired unity of East and West. In 1980, Pope John Paul II named them additional co-patrons of Europe (with Benedict).
Holiness means reacting to human life with Gods love: human life as it is, crisscrossed with the political and the cultural, the beautiful and the ugly, the selfish and the saintly. For Cyril and Methodius much of their daily cross had to do with the language of the liturgy. They are not saints because they got the liturgy into Slavonic, but because they did so with the courage and humility of Christ.
Pray for Pope Francis.
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We thank you, God our Father, for those who have responded to your call to priestly ministry.
Accept this prayer we offer on their behalf: Fill your priests with the sure knowledge of your love.
Open their hearts to the power and consolation of the Holy Spirit.
Lead them to new depths of union with your Son.
Increase in them profound faith in the Sacraments they celebrate as they nourish, strengthen and heal us.
Lord Jesus Christ, grant that these, your priests, may inspire us to strive for holiness by the power of their example, as men of prayer who ponder your word and follow your will.
O Mary, Mother of Christ and our mother, guard with your maternal care these chosen ones, so dear to the Heart of your Son.
Intercede for our priests, that offering the Sacrifice of your Son, they may be conformed more each day to the image of your Son, our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. Amen.
Saint John Vianney, universal patron of priests, pray for us and our priests
This icon shows Jesus Christ, our eternal high priest.
The gold pelican over His heart represents self-sacrifice.
The border contains an altar and grapevines, representing the Mass, and icons of Melchizedek and St. Jean-Baptiste Vianney.
Melchizedek: king of righteousness (left icon) was priest and king of Jerusalem. He blessed Abraham and has been considered an ideal priest-king.
St. Jean-Baptiste Vianney is the patron saint of parish priests.
1. Sign of the Cross: In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
2. The Apostles Creed: I BELIEVE in God, the Father almighty, Creator of heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into hell; on the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from there He shall come to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.
3. The Lord's Prayer: OUR Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.
4. (3) Hail Mary: HAIL Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou amongst women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now, and in the hour of our death. Amen. (Three times)
5. Glory Be: GLORY be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
6. Fatima Prayer: Oh, my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to heaven, especially those in most need of your mercy.
Announce each mystery, then say 1 Our Father, 10 Hail Marys, 1 Glory Be and 1 Fatima prayer. Repeat the process with each mystery.
End with the Hail Holy Queen:
Hail, Holy Queen, Mother of Mercy, our life, our sweetness and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve! To thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this vale of tears! Turn then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy towards us; and after this, our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus!
O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary! Pray for us, O holy Mother of God, that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.
Final step -- The Sign of the Cross
The Mysteries of the Rosary By tradition, Catholics meditate on these Mysteries during prayers of the Rosary. The biblical references follow each of the Mysteries below.
The Sorrowful Mysteries
(Tuesdays and Fridays)
1. The Agony in the Garden (Matthew 26:36-46, Luke 22:39-46) [Spiritual fruit - God's will be done]
2. The Scourging at the Pillar (Matthew 27:26, Mark 15:15, John 19:1) [Spiritual fruit - Mortification of the senses]
3. The Crowning with Thorns (Matthew 27:27-30, Mark 15:16-20, John 19:2) [Spiritual fruit - Reign of Christ in our heart]
4. The Carrying of the Cross (Matthew 27:31-32, Mark 15:21, Luke 23:26-32, John 19:17) [Spiritual fruit - Patient bearing of trials]
5. The Crucifixion (Matthew 27:33-56, Mark 15:22-39, Luke 23:33-49, John 19:17-37) [Spiritual fruit - Pardoning of Injuries]
St. Michael the Archangel
~ PRAYER ~
St. Michael, the Archangel, defend us in battle
Be our protection against the wickedness
and snares of the devil;
May God rebuke him, we humbly pray,
and do thou, O Prince of the heavenly host,
by the power of God,
Cast into hell Satan and all the evil spirits
who prowl through the world seeking the ruin of souls.
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