It doesn't but I would love to see a statistician look at cities with a critical eye.
How many precincts votes at 50%, 60&, 70% or 80% of the registered voters? Too high a % indicates that fraud of bulk voting is in effect, especially in states with massive early voting.
What is the comparison of registered voters to the latest census estimates? Any more precincts voting 120% of the population?
What is the age distribution of voters in a precinct? A precinct that has thousands of voters over 80 y.o. is an anomaly.
What is the percentage of voters to the census estimate of voters (residents less illegals and prisoners)?
One that I would love to see - many precincts across the country consist of a single high rise building. What has changed over the years?
Some states publish a list of the people who voted - not how they voted but the fact that they voted in a primary or another election. What can be discovered about college student voting patterns? Especially CO and WA - beacons of vote fraud this year.
Those are not unusual numbers. In the Cuyahoga data there are those kinds of numbers in both D and R areas: http://boe.cuyahogacounty.us/pdf_boe/en-US/ElectionResults2012/11062012UnofficialResultsbyPrecinct.HTM (top table on that page has turnout).
Any more precincts voting 120% of the population?
No, in the data above. Also no in the data I looked at for VIrginia.
The rest of your points are reasons for regular voter roll verification except for college students. They could obvious vote absentee in their home state and as absentee or in-person in their college state. I'm not sure if there is any cross-state checking.