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Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-30-19 ^ | 08-30-19 | Revised New American Bible

Posted on 08/29/2019 10:19:54 PM PDT by Salvation

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1 posted on 08/29/2019 10:19:54 PM PDT by Salvation
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KEYWORDS: catholic; mt25; ordinarytime; prayer;

2 posted on 08/29/2019 10:24:15 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: nickcarraway; NYer; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; ArrogantBustard; Catholicguy; RobbyS; marshmallow; ...
Alleluia Ping

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3 posted on 08/29/2019 10:25:00 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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From: 1 Thessalonians 4:1-8

He Calls for Holiness and Purity

[1] Finally, brethren, we beseech and exhort you in the Lord Jesus, that as you
learned from us how you ought to live and to please God, just as you are doing,
you do so more and more. [2] For you know what instructions we gave you
through the Lord Jesus. [3] For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that
you abstain from immorality; [4] that each one of you know how to control his
own body in holiness and honor, [5] not in the passion of lust like heathen who
do not know God; [6] that no man transgress, and wrong his brother in this mat-
ters because the Lord is an avenger in all these things, as we solemnly fore-
warned you. [7] For God has not called us for uncleanness, but in holiness. [8]
Therefore whoever disregards this, disregards not man but God, who gives his
Holy Spirit to you.


1. St Paul encourages the Thessalonians “in the Lord Jesus” to follow his advice:
he does not make this plea in his own name or using his personal influence but
in the name of the Lord Jesus. Those who have positions of authority in the
Church should be obeyed, above all, for supernatural reasons (that is what God
desires) and not for any personal qualities they happen to have or simply be-
cause they are “superiors”. It is this outlook which causes St Ignatius Loyola to
say that “laying aside all private judgment, we ought to keep our minds prepared
and ready to obey in all things the true Spouse of Christ our Lord, which is our
Holy Mother, the hierarchical Church” (”Spiritual Exercises”, 353).

The Thessalonians already knew the commandments, but knowing them is not
enough; they must be put into practice. St John Chrysostom comments: “Good
land does something more than give back the grain put into it; and therefore the
soul should not limit itself to doing what is laid down, but should go further [...].
Two things make for virtue — avoiding evil and doing good. Fleeing from evil is not
the be-all of virtue; it is the beginning of the path that leads to virtue. One needs,
in addition, to have an ardent desire to be good and to do good” (”Hom. on 1
Thess, ad loc.”).

3. What the Apostle says here reflects our Lord’s teaching in the Sermon on the
Mount: “You, therefore, must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Mt 5:
48). The call to holiness is a universal one: it is not addressed only to a few, but
to everyone: “Christ, the Son of God, who with the Father and the Spirit is hailed
as ‘alone holy’, loved the Church as his Bride, giving himself up for her so as to
sanctify her (cf. Eph 5:25-26); he joined her to himself as his body and endowed
her with the gift of the Holy Spirit for the glory of God. Therefore all in the Church,
whether they belong to the hierarchy or are cared for by it, are called to holiness,
according to the Apostle’s saying: ‘For this is the will of God, your sanctification’
(1 Thess 4:3; cf. Eph 1:4)” (Vatican II, “Lumen Gentium”, 39).

In the Old Testament holiness is the highest attribute of God. He is holy, and he
asks men to be holy, pointing out that the model and cause of man’s holiness is
the holiness of God: “You shall be holy; for I the Lord your God am holy” (Lev

The universal call to holiness was the core of the teaching of the founder of Opus
Dei; it was a message he preached constantly from l928 up to his death in 1975:
“We are deeply moved, and our hearts profoundly shaken, when we listen atten-
tively to that cry of St Paul: ‘This is the will of God, your sanctification’ [...]. He
calls each and every one to holiness; he asks each and every one to love him —
young and old, single and married, healthy and sick, learned and unlearned, no
matter where they work, or where they are” (”Friends of God”, 294).

“Christ’s invitation to holiness, which he addresses to all men without exception,
puts each one of us under an obligation to cultivate our interior life and to struggle
daily to practise the Christian virtues; and not just in any old way, nor in a way
which is above average or even excellent. No; we must strive to the point of he-
roism in the strictest and most exacting sense of the word” (”ibid.”, 3).

4-8. Man “is obliged to regard his body as good and to hold it in honor since
God has created it and will raise it up on the last day [...]. His very dignity there-
fore requires that he should glorify God in his body (cf. 1 Cor 6:13-20) and not
allow to serve the evil inclinations of his heart” (Vatican II, (”Gaudium Et Spes”,

“Immorality” (v. 3): the word used would be translated as “fornication”, were the
style classical Greek; however, by St Paul’s time the word had come to refer to
any kind of sexual practice outside marriage or not in accordance with the aims
of marriage. The word translated as “body” literally means “vessel” and it can re-
fer either to one’s body or to one’s own wife. If “wife” is meant, then the passage
should be taken as an exhortation to married fidelity and to proper use of marri-
age. Whichever meaning is correct, the sacred text is saying that God calls us
to exercise self-control in holiness and honor; that means that one’s body and
its functions should be used in the way God means them to be used. The Lord
of life has entrusted to men and women the mission to preserve life and to trans-
mit it in a manner in keeping with human dignity. “Man’s sexuality and the facul-
ty of reproduction wondrously surpass the endowments of lower forms of life;
therefore the acts proper to married life are to be ordered according to authentic
human dignity and must be honored with the greatest reverence” (”Gaudium Et
Spes”, 51).

“Therefore,” St. Escriva comments, “when I remind you now that Christians must
keep perfect chastity, I am referring to everyone — to the unmarried, who must
practise complete continence; and to those who are married who practise chas-
tity by fulfilling the duties of their state in life. If one has the spirit of God, chastity
is not a troublesome and humiliating burden, but a joyful affirmation. Will-power,
dominion, self-mastery do not come from the flesh or from instinct. They come
from the will, especially if it is united to the Will of God. In order to be chaste (and
not merely continent or decent) we must subject our passions to reason, but for
a noble motive, namely, the promptings of Love” (”Friends of God”, 177).

In addition to giving reasons for practising the virtue of chastity, the Apostle warns
that God will punish those who commit sins against this virtue. “These crimes
we are commenting on”, says St John Chrysostom, “will in no way be overlooked.
The enjoyment they give us is quite outweighed by the pain and suffering their pu-
nishment earns” (”Hom. on 1 Thess, ad loc.”).

Source: “The Navarre Bible: Text and Commentaries”. Biblical text from the
Revised Standard Version and New Vulgate. Commentaries by members of
the Faculty of Theology, University of Navarre, Spain.

Published by Four Courts Press, Kill Lane, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Ireland, and
by Scepter Publishers in the United States.

4 posted on 08/29/2019 10:27:21 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All

From: Matthew 25:1-13

The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Maidens

(Jesus said to His disciples,) [1] “Then the Kingdom of Heaven shall be compared
to ten maidens who took their lamps and went to meet the bridegroom. [2] Five of
them were foolish, and five were wise. [3] For when the foolish took their lamps,
they took no oil with them; [4] but the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps. [5]
As the bridegroom was delayed, they all slumbered and slept. [6] But at midnight
there was a cry, ‘Behold the bridegroom! Come out to meet him.’ [7] Then all those
maidens rose and trimmed their lamps. [8] And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give
us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ [9] But the wise replied, ‘Per-
haps there will not be enough for us and for you; go rather to the dealers and buy
for yourselves.’ [10] And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came, and those
who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast; and the door was shut. [11]
Afterwards the other maidens came also, saying, ‘Lord, lord, open to us.’ [12] But
he replied, ‘Truly, I say to you, I do not know you.’ [13] Watch therefore, for you
know neither the day nor the hour.”


1-46. The whole of chapter 25 is a practical application of the teaching contained
in chapter 24. With these parables of the wise and foolish virgins and of the ta-
lents, and His teaching on the Last Judgment, our Lord is again emphasizing the
need for vigilance (cf. note on Matthew 24:42). In this sense, chapter 25 makes
chapter 24 more intelligible.

1-13. The main lesson of this parable has to do with the need to be on the alert:
in practice, this means having the light of faith, which is kept alive with the oil of
charity. Jewish weddings were held in the house of the bride’s father. The virgins
are young unmarried girls, bridesmaids who are in the bride’s house waiting for
the bridegroom to arrive. The parable centers on the attitude one should adopt
up to the time when the bridegroom comes. In other words, it is not enough to
know that one is “inside” the Kingdom, the Church: one has to be on the watch
and be preparing for Christ’s coming by doing good works.

This vigilance should be continuous and unflagging, because the devil is forever
after us, prowling around “like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour” (1 Pe-
ter 5:8). “Watch with the heart, watch with faith, watch with love, watch with cha-
rity, watch with good works [...]; make ready the lamps, make sure they do not
go out [...], renew them with the inner oil of an upright conscience; then shall the
Bridegroom enfold you in the embrace of His love and bring you into His banquet
room, where your lamp can never be extinguished” (St. Augustine, “Sermon”,

Source: “The Navarre Bible: Text and Commentaries”. Biblical text from the
Revised Standard Version and New Vulgate. Commentaries by members of
the Faculty of Theology, University of Navarre, Spain.

Published by Four Courts Press, Kill Lane, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Ireland, and
by Scepter Publishers in the United States.

5 posted on 08/29/2019 10:28:16 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
Scripture readings from the Jerusalem Bible by Darton, Longman & Todd

Readings at Mass

Liturgical Colour: Green.

First reading
1 Thessalonians 4:1-8 ©
What God wants is for you all to be holy
Brothers, we urge you and appeal to you in the Lord Jesus to make more and more progress in the kind of life that you are meant to live: the life that God wants, as you learnt from us, and as you are already living it. You have not forgotten the instructions we gave you on the authority of the Lord Jesus.
  What God wants is for you all to be holy. He wants you to keep away from fornication, and each one of you to know how to use the body that belongs to him in a way that is holy and honourable, not giving way to selfish lust like the pagans who do not know God. He wants nobody at all ever to sin by taking advantage of a brother in these matters; the Lord always punishes sins of that sort, as we told you before and assured you. We have been called by God to be holy, not to be immoral; in other words, anyone who objects is not objecting to a human authority, but to God, who gives you his Holy Spirit.

Responsorial Psalm
Psalm 96(97):1-2,5-6,10-12 ©
Rejoice, you just, in the Lord.
The Lord is king, let earth rejoice,
  let all the coastlands be glad.
Cloud and darkness are his raiment;
  his throne, justice and right.
Rejoice, you just, in the Lord.
The mountains melt like wax
  before the Lord of all the earth.
The skies proclaim his justice;
  all peoples see his glory.
Rejoice, you just, in the Lord.
The Lord loves those who hate evil;
  he guards the souls of his saints;
  he sets them free from the wicked.
Rejoice, you just, in the Lord.
Light shines forth for the just
  and joy for the upright of heart.
Rejoice, you just, in the Lord;
  give glory to his holy name.
Rejoice, you just, in the Lord.

Gospel Acclamation cf.Ps129:5
Alleluia, alleluia!
My soul is waiting for the Lord,
I count on his word.
Or: Lk21:36
Alleluia, alleluia!
Stay awake, praying at all times
for the strength to stand with confidence
before the Son of Man.

Gospel Matthew 25:1-13 ©
The wise and foolish virgins
Jesus told this parable to his disciples: ‘The kingdom of heaven will be like this: Ten bridesmaids took their lamps and went to meet the bridegroom. Five of them were foolish and five were sensible: the foolish ones did take their lamps, but they brought no oil, whereas the sensible ones took flasks of oil as well as their lamps. The bridegroom was late, and they all grew drowsy and fell asleep. But at midnight there was a cry, “The bridegroom is here! Go out and meet him.” At this, all those bridesmaids woke up and trimmed their lamps, and the foolish ones said to the sensible ones, “Give us some of your oil: our lamps are going out.” But they replied, “There may not be enough for us and for you; you had better go to those who sell it and buy some for yourselves.” They had gone off to buy it when the bridegroom arrived. Those who were ready went in with him to the wedding hall and the door was closed. The other bridesmaids arrived later. “Lord, Lord,” they said “open the door for us.” But he replied, “I tell you solemnly, I do not know you.” So stay awake, because you do not know either the day or the hour.’

6 posted on 08/29/2019 10:31:31 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation
  English: Douay-Rheims Latin: Vulgata Clementina Greek NT: Byzantine/Majority Text (2000)
  Matthew 25
1 THEN shall the kingdom of heaven be like to ten virgins, who taking their lamps went out to meet the bridegroom and the bride. Tunc simile erit regnum cælorum decem virginibus : quæ accipientes lampades suas exierunt obviam sponso et sponsæ. τοτε ομοιωθησεται η βασιλεια των ουρανων δεκα παρθενοις αιτινες λαβουσαι τας λαμπαδας αυτων εξηλθον εις απαντησιν του νυμφιου
2 And five of them were foolish, and five wise. Quinque autem ex eis erant fatuæ, et quinque prudentes : πεντε δε ησαν εξ αυτων φρονιμοι και αι πεντε μωραι
3 But the five foolish, having taken their lamps, did not take oil with them: sed quinque fatuæ, acceptis lampadibus, non sumpserunt oleum secum : αιτινες μωραι λαβουσαι τας λαμπαδας αυτων ουκ ελαβον μεθ εαυτων ελαιον
4 But the wise took oil in their vessels with the lamps. prudentes vero acceperunt oleum in vasis suis cum lampadibus. αι δε φρονιμοι ελαβον ελαιον εν τοις αγγειοις αυτων μετα των λαμπαδων αυτων
5 And the bridegroom tarrying, they all slumbered and slept. Moram autem faciente sponso, dormitaverunt omnes et dormierunt. χρονιζοντος δε του νυμφιου ενυσταξαν πασαι και εκαθευδον
6 And at midnight there was a cry made: Behold the bridegroom cometh, go ye forth to meet him. Media autem nocte clamor factus est : Ecce sponsus venit, exite obviam ei. μεσης δε νυκτος κραυγη γεγονεν ιδου ο νυμφιος ερχεται εξερχεσθε εις απαντησιν αυτου
7 Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps. Tunc surrexerunt omnes virgines illæ, et ornaverunt lampades suas. τοτε ηγερθησαν πασαι αι παρθενοι εκειναι και εκοσμησαν τας λαμπαδας αυτων
8 And the foolish said to the wise: Give us of your oil, for our lamps are gone out. Fatuæ autem sapientibus dixerunt : Date nobis de oleo vestro, quia lampades nostræ extinguuntur. αι δε μωραι ταις φρονιμοις ειπον δοτε ημιν εκ του ελαιου υμων οτι αι λαμπαδες ημων σβεννυνται
9 The wise answered, saying: Lest perhaps there be not enough for us and for you, go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. Responderunt prudentes, dicentes : Ne forte non sufficiat nobis, et vobis, ite potius ad vendentes, et emite vobis. απεκριθησαν δε αι φρονιμοι λεγουσαι μηποτε ουκ αρκεση ημιν και υμιν πορευεσθε δε μαλλον προς τους πωλουντας και αγορασατε εαυταις
10 Now whilst they went to buy, the bridegroom came: and they that were ready, went in with him to the marriage, and the door was shut. Dum autem irent emere, venit sponsus : et quæ paratæ erant, intraverunt cum eo ad nuptias, et clausa est janua. απερχομενων δε αυτων αγορασαι ηλθεν ο νυμφιος και αι ετοιμοι εισηλθον μετ αυτου εις τους γαμους και εκλεισθη η θυρα
11 But at last come also the other virgins, saying: Lord, Lord, open to us. Novissime vero veniunt et reliquæ virgines, dicentes : Domine, domine, aperi nobis. υστερον δε ερχονται και αι λοιπαι παρθενοι λεγουσαι κυριε κυριε ανοιξον ημιν
12 But he answering said: Amen I say to you, I know you not. At ille respondens, ait : Amen dico vobis, nescio vos. ο δε αποκριθεις ειπεν αμην λεγω υμιν ουκ οιδα υμας
13 Watch ye therefore, because you know not the day nor the hour. Vigilate itaque, quia nescitis diem, neque horam. γρηγορειτε ουν οτι ουκ οιδατε την ημεραν ουδε την ωραν εν η ο υιος του ανθρωπου ερχεται

7 posted on 08/30/2019 5:20:36 AM PDT by annalex (fear them not)
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To: annalex
1. Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened to ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom.
2. And five of them were wise, and five were foolish.
3. They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them:
4. But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.
5. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.
6. And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom comes; go you out to meet him.
7. Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps.
8. And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out.
9. But the wise answered saying, Not so, lest there be not enough for us and you: but go you rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves.
10. And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut.
11. Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us.
12. But he answered and said, Verily I say to you, I know you not.
13. Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man comes.

CHRYS. In the foregoing parable the Lord set forth the punishment of the man who boat. and was drunk, and wasted his Lord's goods; in this He declares his punishment who profits not, and does not prepare for himself abundantly the things of which he has need; for the foolish virgins had oil, but not enough.

HILARY; Then, because all this discourse is concerning the great day of the Lord, concerning which He had been speaking before.

GREG. By the kingdom of heaven is meant the present Church, as in that, The Son of Man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend.

JEROME; This parable of the ten foolish and the ten wise virgins, some interpret literally of virgins, of whom there are according to the Apostle some who are virgins both in body and in thought, others who have preserved indeed their bodies virgin, but have not the other deeds of virgins, or have only been preserved by the guardianship of parents, but have wedded in their hearts. But from what has gone before, I think the meaning to be different, and that the parable has reference not to virgins only, but to the whole human race.

GREG. For in each of the five senses of the body there is a double instrument, and the number five doubled makes ten. And because the company of the faithful is gathered out of both sexes, the Holy Church is described as being like to ten virgins, where as bad are mixed with good, and reprobate with elect, it is like a mixture of wise and foolish virgins.

CHRYS. And He employs the character virgins in this parable to show, that though virginity be a great thing, yet if it be not accompanied by works of mercy, it shall be cast out with the adulterers.

ORIGEN; Or, The understandings of all who have received the word of God are virgins. For such is the word of God, that of its purity it imparts to all, who by its teaching have departed from the worship of idols, and have through rough Christ drawn near to the worship of God; and have took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom and the bride. They take their lamps, i.e. their natural faculties and go forth out of the world and its errors, and go faculties, meet the Savior, who is ever ready to come to enter with them that are worthy to His blessed bride the Church.

HILARY. Or, The bridegroom and the bride represent Church and Lord.

HILARY; in the body, for the flesh is the 'bride of the spirit. The lamps are the light of bright souls which shine forth in the sacrament of baptism.

AUG. Or, The lamps which they carry in their hands are their works, of which it was said above, Let your works shine before men.

ORIGEN; They that believe rightly, and live righteously, are likened to the five wise; they that profess the faith of Jesus, but prepare themselves not by good works to salvation, are likened to the five foolish.

JEROME; For there are five senses which hasten towards heavenly things, and seek after things above. Of sight, healing, and touch, it is specially said, That which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, and our hands have handled. Of taste, Taste and see that the Lord is good. Of smell Because of the savor of your good ointments. There are also other five senses which gape after earthly husks.

AUG. Or, by the five virgins, is denoted a five-fold continence from the allurements of the flesh; for our appetite must be held from gratification of the eyes, ears, smell, taste, and touch. And as this continence may be done before God, to please Him in inward joy of the conscience, or before men only to gain applause of men, five are called wise, and five foolish. Both are virgins, because both these men exercise continence, though from different motives.

ORIGEN; And because the virtues are so linked together, that he who has one has all, so all the senses so follow one another, that all must be wise, or all foolish.

HILARY; Or, The five wise and five foolish are an absolute distinction between believers and unbelievers.

GREG. It is to be observed, that all have lamps, but all have not oil.

HILARY; The oil is the fruit of good works, the vessels are the human bodies in whose inward parts the treasure of a good conscience is to be laid up.

JEROME; The virgins that have oil are they, that besides their faith, have the ornament of good works; they that have not oil, are they that seem to confess with like faith, but neglect the works of virtue.

AUG. Or, The oil denotes joy, according to that, God has anointed you with the oil of gladness. He then whose Joy springs not from this that he is inwardly pleasing to God, has no oil with him; for they have no gladness in their continent lives, save in the praises of men. But the wise took oil with their lamps, that is, the gladness of good works, i.e. their vessels, that is, they stored it in their heart and conscience, as the Apostle speaks, Let every man prove himself, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself, and not in another.

CHRYS. Or, The oil denotes charity, alms, and every aid rendered to the needy; the lamps denote the gifts of virginity; and He calls them foolish, because after having gone through the greater toil, they lost all for the sake of a less; for it is greater labor to overcome the desires of the flesh than of money.

ORIGEN; Or, The oil is the word of teaching, with which the vessels of souls are filled; for what gives so great content as moral discourse, which is called the oil of light. The wise took with them of this oil, as much as would suffice, though the Word should tarry long, and be slack to come to their consummation. The foolish took lamps, alight indeed at the first, but not supplied with so much oil as should suffice even to the end, being careless respecting the provision of doctrine which comforts faith, and enlightens the lamp of good deeds.

AUG. For there die of both kinds of men in this interval of time before the resurrection of the dead, and the Lord's coming shall be.

GREG. To sleep its to die, to slumber before sleep is to faint from salvation before death, because, by the burden of sickness we come to the sleep of death.

JEROME; Or, They slumbered, i.e. they were dead. And then follows, And slept, because they were to be afterwards wakened. While the bridegroom tarried, shows that no little time intervened between the Lord's first and second coming.

ORIGEN; Or, Whilst the bridegroom tarried, and the Word comes not speedily to the consummation of this life, the senses suffer, slumbering and moving in the night of the world; and sleep, as energizing feebly, and with no quick sense. Yet did those wise virgins not quit their lamps, nor despair of hoarding their oil.

JEROME; The Jews have a tradition that Christ will come at midnight, in like manner as in that visitation of Egypt, when the Paschal feast is celebrated, and the destroyer comes, and the Lord passes over our dwellings, and the door posts of each man's countenance are hallowed by the blood of the Lamb. Hence, I suppose, has continued among us that apostolic tradition, that on the vigil of Easter the people should not be dismissed before midnight, in expectation of Christ's coming; but when that hour has past over, they may celebrate the feast in security; whence also the Psalmist says, At midnight did I rise to praise you.

AUG. Or, At midnight, that is, when none knew or looked for it.

JEROME; Suddenly thus, as on a stormy night, and when all think themselves secure, at the hour when sleep is the deepest, the coming of Christ shall be proclaimed by the shout of Angels, and the trumpets of the Powers that go before Him. This is meant when it says, Lo, the bridegroom comes, go you out to meet him.

HILARY; At the trumpet signal they go forth to meet the bridegroom alone, for then shall the two be one, that is, the flesh and God, when the lowliness of the flesh shall be transformed into spiritual glory.

AUG. Or, that the virgins go forth to meet the bridegroom alone, I think is to be understood stood that the virgins themselves constitute her who is called the bride; as we speak of the Christians flocking to the Church as children running to their mother, and yet this same mother consists only of the children who are gathered together. For now the Church is betrothed, and is to be led forth as a virgin to the marriage, which takes place then when all her mortal part having past away, she may be held in an eternal union.

ORIGEN; Or, At midnight, that is, at the time of their most abandoned carelessness, there was a great cry, of the Angels, I suppose, desiring to arouse all men, those ministering spirits crying within in the senses of all that sleep, Behold, the bridegroom comes, go you out to meet him. All heard this summons, and arose, but all were not able to trim their lamps fitly. The lamps of the senses are trimmed by evangelical and right use of them; and they that use their senses amiss have their lamps untrimmed.

GREG. Or, All the virgins arose, that is, both elect and reprobate are roused from the sleep of death; they trimmed their lamps, that is, they reckon up to themselves their works for which they look to receive eternal blessedness.

AUG. They trimmed their lamps, that is, prepared to give an account of their deeds.

HILARY; Or, the trimming their lamps is the return of their souls into their bodies, and their light is the consciousness of good works that shines forth, which is contained in the vessels of the body.

GREG. The lamps of the foolish virgins go out, because the works which appeared outwardly to men to be blight, are dimmed within at the coming of the Judge. That they then beg oil of the wise virgins, what is it but that at the coming of the Judge, when they find themselves empty within, they seek for witness from without? As though deceived by their own self-confidence, they say to their neighbors, Whereas you e see us rejected as living without works, do you witness to our works that you have seen.

AUG. From habit, the mind seeks that which uses to give it pleasure. And these now seek from men, who see not the heart, witness to God, who sees the heart. But their lamps go out, because those, whose good works rest upon the testimony of others, when that is withdrawn, sink into nothing.

JEROME; Or, These virgins who complain that their lamps are gone out, show that they are partially alight, yet have they not an unfailing light, nor enduring works. Whoever then has a virgin soul, and is a lover of chastity, ought not to rest content with such virtues as quickly fade, and are withered away when the heat comes upon them, but should follow after perfect virtues, that he may have an enduring light.

CHRYS. Or otherwise; These virgins were foolish, not only because they departed hence, lacking store of mercy, but because they deemed to receive it from those of whom they importunately begged it. For though nothing could be more merciful than those wise virgins, who for this very mercifulness were approved, yet would they not grant the prayer of the foolish virgins. But the wise answered, saying, Not so, lest there be not enough for us and you; hence we learn that none of us shall be able in that day to stand forth as patron of those who are betrayed by their own works, not because he will not, but because he cannot.

JEROME; For these wise virgins do not answer thus out of covetousness, but out of fear. Wherefore, each man shall receive the recompense of his own works, and the virtues of one cannot atone for the vices of another in the day of judgment. The wise admonish them not to go to meet the bridegroom without oil, Go you rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves.

HILARY; They that sell are the poor, who needing the alms of the faithful, made them that recompense which they desire, selling in return for the relief afforded to their wants, a consciousness of good works. This is the abundant fuel of an undying light which may be bought and stored up for the fruits of mercy.

CHRYS. You see then how great merchants the poor are to us; but the poor are not there, but here, and therefore we must store up oil here, that we may have it to use there when occasion shall require.

JEROME; And this oil is sold, and at a high cost, nor is it to be got without much toil; so that we understand it not of alms only, but of all virtues and counsels of the teachers.

ORIGEN; Otherwise; Notwithstanding they were foolish, they yet understood that they must have light to go and meet the bridegroom, that all the lights of their senses might be burning. This also they discerned, that because they had little of the spiritual oil, their lamps would burn dim as darkness drew on. But the wise send the foolish to those that sell, seeing that they had not stored up so much oil, that is, word of doctrine, as would suffice both for themselves to live by, and to teach others, Go you rather to them that sell, i.e. to the doctors, and buy, i.e. take of them; the price is perseverance, the love of learning, industry, and toil of all who are willing to learn.

AUG. Or we may suppose it; Dot meant as advice what they should do, but as an indirect allusion to their fault. For flatterers sell oil, who by praising things false, and things unknown, lead souls astray, recommending to them, as foolish, empty joys, and receiving, in return some temporal benefit. Go you rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves, yes, i.e. Let us now see what they can profit you who have used to sell you their praise. Lest there be not enough for us and you, because no man is profited in God's sight by the testimony of others, because God sees the heart, and each man is scarce able to give testimony concerning his own conscience. Jerome; But because the season for buying was now past, and the day of judgment was coming on, so that there was no room for penitence, they must not now lay up new works, but give an account of the old.

HILARY; The marriage is the putting on of immortality, and the joining together corruption and incorruption in a new union.

CHRYS. That, While they went to buy, shows that even, if we should become merciful after death, it will avail us nothing to escape punishment, as it was no profit to the rich man, that he became merciful and careful about those who belonged to him.

ORIGEN; Or, He says, While they went to buy, because there are men to be found who have neglected to learn any thing useful, till when, in the very end of their life, when they set themselves to learn, they are overtaken by death.

AUG. Or otherwise; While they went to buy, that is, while they turned themselves to things without, and sought to find pleasure in things they had been accustomed to, because they knew not inward joys, came He that judges; and they that were ready, i.e. they whose conscience bore witness to them before God, went in with him to the wedding, i.e. to where the pure soul is united prolific to the pure and perfect word of God.

JEROME; After the day of judgment, there is no more opportunity for good works, or for righteousness, and therefore it follows, And the door was shut.

AUG. When they have been taken in who have been changed into angelic befog, all entrance into the kingdom of heaven is closed; after the judgment, there is no more place for prayers or merit.

HILARY; Yet though the season of repentance is now past, the foolish virgins come and beg that entrance may be granted to them.

JEROME; Their worthy confession calling Him, Lord, Lord, is a mark of faith. But what avails it to confess with the mouth Him whom you deny with your works?

GLOSS. Grief at their exclusion extorts from them a repetition of this title of Lord; they call not Him Father, whose mercy they despised in their lifetime.

AUG. It is not said that they bought any oil, and therefore we must suppose that all their delight in the praise of men being gone, they return in distress and affliction to implore God. But His severity, after judgment, is as great as His mercy was unspeakable before. But He answered and said, Verily I say to you, I know you not; by that rule, namely, that the art of God, that is, His wisdom, does not admit that those should enter into His joy who have sought to do in any thing according to His commandments, not as before God, but that they may please men.

JEROME; For the Lord knows them that are his, and he that knows not shall not be known, and though they be virgins in purity of body, or in confession of the true faith, yet forasmuch as they have no oil, they are unknown by the bridegroom. When He adds, Watch therefore, because you know not the day nor the hour, He means that all that has been said points to this, namely, that seeing we know not the day of judgment, we should be careful in providing the light of good works.

AUG. For indeed we know the day and the hour neither of that future time when the Bridegroom will come, nor of our own falling asleep each of us; if then we be prepared for this latter, we shall also be prepared when that voice shall sound, which shall arouse us all.

ID. There have not been wanting those who would refer these ten virgins to that coming of Christ, which takes place now in the Church; but this is not to be hastily held out, lest any thing should occur contradictory of it.

Catena Aurea Matthew 25
8 posted on 08/30/2019 5:21:28 AM PDT by annalex (fear them not)
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To: annalex

9 posted on 08/30/2019 5:21:56 AM PDT by annalex (fear them not)
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To: annalex
10 posted on 08/30/2019 11:47:54 AM PDT by victim soul (victim soul)
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To: victim soul


11 posted on 08/30/2019 8:34:20 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: annalex

Beautiful Readings, wise interpretations. Messages much needed in this day and age.

12 posted on 08/30/2019 8:50:20 PM PDT by miserare ( Indict Hillary!)
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To: All

Pray for Pope Francis.

13 posted on 08/30/2019 8:55:11 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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It's time to kneel down and pray for our nation (Sacramental Marriage)
14 posted on 08/30/2019 8:55:39 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
Perpetual Novena for the Nation (Ecumenical)
Novena asking for St Michael The Archangel to stand with us and bring us victory
15 posted on 08/30/2019 8:59:07 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
Prayers for The Religion Forum (Ecumenical)
16 posted on 08/30/2019 8:59:31 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
7 Powerful Ways to Pray for Christians Suffering in the Middle East
17 posted on 08/30/2019 9:00:03 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
Pray the Rosary!

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Is This Bishop Right about the Rosary Conquering Boko Haram? [Catholic Caucus]
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Report reveals scale of Boko Haram violence inflictef on Nigerian Catholics
Military evacuating girls, women rescued from Boko Haram
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Nigerian Bishop Says Christ Showed Him How to Beat Islamic Terror Group

18 posted on 08/30/2019 9:00:32 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: miserare

Our priest preached on the first reading today. Strive for holiness — not the ways of the world.

19 posted on 08/30/2019 9:02:41 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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Jesus, High Priest

We thank you, God our Father, for those who have responded to your call to priestly ministry.

Accept this prayer we offer on their behalf: Fill your priests with the sure knowledge of your love.

Open their hearts to the power and consolation of the Holy Spirit.

Lead them to new depths of union with your Son.

Increase in them profound faith in the Sacraments they celebrate as they nourish, strengthen and heal us.

Lord Jesus Christ, grant that these, your priests, may inspire us to strive for holiness by the power of their example, as men of prayer who ponder your word and follow your will.

O Mary, Mother of Christ and our mother, guard with your maternal care these chosen ones, so dear to the Heart of your Son.

Intercede for our priests, that offering the Sacrifice of your Son, they may be conformed more each day to the image of your Son, our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. Amen.

Saint John Vianney, universal patron of priests, pray for us and our priests

This icon shows Jesus Christ, our eternal high priest.

The gold pelican over His heart represents self-sacrifice.

The border contains an altar and grapevines, representing the Mass, and icons of Melchizedek and St. Jean-Baptiste Vianney.

Melchizedek: king of righteousness (left icon) was priest and king of Jerusalem.  He blessed Abraham and has been considered an ideal priest-king.

St. Jean-Baptiste Vianney is the patron saint of parish priests.

20 posted on 08/30/2019 9:03:35 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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