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Catholic Word of the Day: THEOLOGY OF JUSTIFICATION, 06-23-14
CCDictionary ^ | 06-23-14 | Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary

Posted on 06/23/2014 8:12:14 AM PDT by Salvation

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The process of a sinner becoming justified or made right with God. As defined by the Council of Trent, "Justification is the change from the condition in which a person is born as a child of the first Adam into a state of grace and adoption among the children of God through the Second Adam, Jesus Christ our Savior" (Denzinger 1524). On the negative side, justification is a true removal of sin, and not merely having one's sins ignored or no longer held against the sinner by God. On the positive side it is the supernatural sanctification and renewal of a person who thus becomes holy and pleasing to God and an heir of heaven.

The Catholic Church identifies five elements of justification, which collectively define its full meaning. The primary purpose of justification is the honor of God and of Christ; its secondary purpose is the eternal life of mankind. The main efficient cause or agent is the mercy of God; the main instrumental cause is the sacrament of baptism, which is called the "sacrament of faith" to spell out the necessity of faith for salvation. And that which constitutes justification or its essence is the justice of God, "not by which He is just Himself, but by which He makes us just," namely sanctifying grace.

Depending on the sins from which a person is to be delivered, there are different kinds of justification. An infant is justified by baptism and the faith of the one who requests or confers the sacrament. Adults are justified for the first time either by personal faith, sorrow for sin and baptism, or by the perfect love of God, which is at least an implicit baptism of desire. Adults who have sinned gravely after being justified can receive justification by sacramental absolution or perfect contrition for their sins. (Etym. Latin justus, just + facere, to make, do: justificatio.)

All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; History; Theology
KEYWORDS: catholic
As defined by the Council of Trent
1 posted on 06/23/2014 8:12:14 AM PDT by Salvation
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To: JRandomFreeper; Allegra; Straight Vermonter; Cronos; SumProVita; AnAmericanMother; annalex; dsc; ...

Catholic Word of the Day Ping!

Particular Judgment

Hedge Schools

Liturgical Veil


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Ne Temere Decree

Apocryphal Gospels

Tres Abhinc Annos




Underground Church

Gift of Tongues








Julian Calendar

Our Lady of Zapopan

Byzantine Rite





Eternal Death



Apostasy (biblical)


Gift of Understanding


Gravissimum Educationis

Deadly Sins




Legion of Mary

Theology of Justification

If you aren’t on this Catholic Word of the Day Ping list and would like to be, please send me a FReepmail.

2 posted on 06/23/2014 8:15:23 AM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation

Just yesterday I was thinking about justification and resolved to look it up for a clearer understanding.

I don’t know how you do that so often.

3 posted on 06/23/2014 10:37:49 AM PDT by dsc (Any attempt to move a government to the left is a crime against humanity.)
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To: Salvation
Our sin have been forgiven is you repent and come to Jesus Christ. There is nothing any man on earth in a church can do for you. There is no barrier between you and Jesus, we can all call on Jesus. Jesus die on the cross for all of us. And it was finished! There is not human effort because God wants all the glory. Stop trying to save yourself or you will go to hell. By being told that the church now says this or that is leading you to hell because you are not believing that Jesus is truly the Way, the truth, and the Life. the Council of Trent is now the spokesperson for God. Jesus is the only. Repent to Jesus not a man. what can a man who is a sinner like you and me do for us? Repent and turn to Jesus. Trust that through Jesus God has forgiving you and you will live forever. If you Repent to Jesus and God will open your mind and your heart to the His Word.
4 posted on 06/23/2014 3:53:06 PM PDT by Cincygirl
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To: Cincygirl

It doesn’t seem that you are familiar with the Catholic Church.

We are all sinners. OSAS is a false doctrine.

When we are baptized either as a baby or an adult, all our sins are washed away.

However, back to the beginning — we are all sinners. Yes, we know that Jesus died for our sins, but we also believe that we are responsible for our own actions.

Thus we partake of the Sacrament of Penance/Reconciliation.

If you want any more information, I’ll be glad to help you. Just remember that OSAS is a false doctrine.

5 posted on 06/23/2014 3:57:58 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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