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Harvard Study: States with higher levels of gun ownership have higher homicide rates
EurekAlert! News ^ | January 11, 2007 | Staff

Posted on 01/11/2007 9:34:40 PM PST by DaveLoneRanger

Firearms are used to kill two out of every three homicide victims in America. In the first nationally representative study to examine the relationship between survey measures of household firearm ownership and state level rates of homicide, researchers at the Harvard Injury Control Research Center found that homicide rates among children, and among women and men of all ages, are higher in states where more households have guns. The study appears in the February 2007 issue of Social Science and Medicine.

Matthew Miller, Assistant Professor of Health Policy and Injury Prevention at Harvard School of Public Health, and his colleagues David Hemenway and Deborah Azrael, used survey data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the world's largest telephone survey with over 200,000 respondents nationwide. Respondents in all 50 states were asked whether any firearms were kept in or around their home. The survey found that approximately one in three American households reported firearm ownership.

Analyses that controlled for several measures of resource deprivation, urbanization, aggravated assault, robbery, unemployment, and alcohol consumption found that states with higher rates of household firearm ownership had significantly higher homicide victimization rates for children, and for women and men. In these analyses, states within the highest quartile of firearm prevalence had firearm homicide rates 114% higher than states within the lowest quartile of firearm prevalence. Overall homicide rates were 60% higher. The association between firearm prevalence and homicide was driven by gun-related homicide rates; non-gun-related homicide rates were not significantly associated with rates of firearm ownership.

These results suggest that it is easier for potential homicide perpetrators to obtain a gun in states where guns are more prevalent. "Our findings suggest that in the United States, household firearms may be an important source of guns used to kill children, women and men, both on the street and in their homes," said Miller.


TOPICS: Crime/Corruption; Front Page News
KEYWORDS: banglist; crime; gunownership; homicide; homiciderates; murder
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Beware, the media will be all over this.
1 posted on 01/11/2007 9:34:43 PM PST by DaveLoneRanger
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To: EdReform; Ladysmith; Petruchio; PeterPrinciple; alpha-8-25-02; F.J. Mitchell; B4Ranch; ...
Now you all know I don't often ping non-armed citizen threads, but, well, I thought on this one I'd get your reaction.

For reference: Guns and Self-Defense by Gary Kleck, Ph.D.

(And while I've got you on the line, just a heads-up, I'm trying to get some information about this story to see if we can voice some opposition to this employer who fired a worker simply because the worker tackled a knife-wielding wood-bee! I'll keep you posted.)
2 posted on 01/11/2007 9:38:32 PM PST by DaveLoneRanger (Wellllllll! Guess it's not about the economy anymore, is it? Stupid?)
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To: DaveLoneRanger

Big deal. All murders are homicides, but not all homicides are murders. I suppose the intent of the article is to make the reader link guns with murder.

There are plenty of justifiable homicides perpetrated by citizens exercising self-defense or by police officers in the line of duty.


3 posted on 01/11/2007 9:39:56 PM PST by FoxInSocks
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To: FoxInSocks

exactly. Self defense shooting that results in death is technically a "homicide"


4 posted on 01/11/2007 9:40:29 PM PST by Mount Athos
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To: DaveLoneRanger
I think this qualifies for........


5 posted on 01/11/2007 9:41:54 PM PST by ChildOfThe60s (If you can remember the 60s......you weren't really there)
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To: DaveLoneRanger
I would bet that 'cities' that higher rates of gun ownership; have higher rates of crimes thwarted...OR. . .that cities where there is more crime to begin with; have more citizens who are armed -- andif they were not; would have even higher rates of crrime. . .

Harvard think we are 'stupid or what'? lol ;^) sarc/off?

6 posted on 01/11/2007 9:43:50 PM PST by cricket (Save a Terrorist - join the Democrats/Live Liberal Free; or suffer their consequences)
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To: DaveLoneRanger
Respondents in all 50 states

Ah, that leaves out the good old District of Columbia, which has virtually no legal private gun ownership at all, and a much higher murder rate than any state.

Must have been an oversight.

7 posted on 01/11/2007 9:46:06 PM PST by denydenydeny ("We have always been, we are, and I hope that we always shall be detested in France"--Wellington)
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To: DaveLoneRanger

Isn't this the second "study" by the "brilliant" Harvard folk I've read tonight?


8 posted on 01/11/2007 9:46:09 PM PST by Brad’s Gramma (http://SelectSmart.com/plus/select.php?url=08frontrunners)
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To: Mount Athos

Including those resulting from law enforcement.


9 posted on 01/11/2007 9:48:42 PM PST by jim-x (God help America survive its enemies within.)
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To: DaveLoneRanger

Thanks,DLR.

I guess if people are trying to kill you and the PTB don't give a damn, it' reasonable to buy a gun.


10 posted on 01/11/2007 9:49:45 PM PST by HonestConservative (Illegitimi noncarborundum.)
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To: FoxInSocks; Mount Athos
Also missing...are they talking about households with a firearm in the house or only those households that legally have a firearm in the house.

I'm sure that you will find that "crack houses" have a higher per capita rate, (though no legal), of firearm ownership.
11 posted on 01/11/2007 9:49:46 PM PST by Sergio (If a tree fell on a mime in the forest, would he make a sound?)
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To: DaveLoneRanger
I'm sure this study will be debunked shortly. For now:

http://www.nraila.org/Issues/FactSheets/Read.aspx?id=206&issue=007

Crime & Criminal Justice
More Guns, Less Crime
 

Violent crime hit an all-time high in 1991. Since then, "gun control" laws have been rolled back, the number of privately-owned guns has risen to an all-time high, and violent crime has dropped to a 30-year low.

More Guns. The number of privately-owned guns in the U.S. is at an all-time high. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (BATFE) estimates there were about 215 million guns in 19991; the National Academy of Sciences puts the 1999 figure at 258 million2. The number of new guns each year averages about 4.5 million (about 2%).3 According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, there were 60.4 million approved (new and used) NICS firearm transactions from 1994-2004.4 The FBI reports that there were 61.6 million approved NICS transactions from Nov. 30, 1998 through the end of 2005, and that the annual number of transactions increased 2.4% between 2003-2004 and 3.1% between 2004-2005.5

More Gun Owners. The number of gun owners is also at an all-time high. The U.S. population is at an all-time high (296 million), and rises about 1% annually,6 and numerous surveys over the last 40+ years have found that almost half of all households have at least one gun owner.7 Some surveys since the late 1990s have indicated a smaller incidence of gun ownership,8 probably because of some respondents’ concerns about "gun control," perhaps a residual effect of the anti-gun policies of the Clinton Administration.

More Right-to-Carry. The number of RTC states is at an all-time high, up from 10 in 1987 to 40 today.9 In 2005, states with RTC laws, compared to the rest of the country, had lower violent crime rates on average: total violent crime lower by 22%, murder by 30%, robbery by 46%, and aggravated assault by 12%.10

Less "Gun Control." Violent crime has declined while many "gun control" laws have been eliminated or made less restrictive. Many states have eliminated prohibitory or restrictive carry laws, in favor of Right-to-Carry laws. The federal Brady Act’s waiting period on handgun sales expired in 1998, in favor of the NRA-supported National Instant Check, and some states concurrently or thereafter eliminated waiting periods or purchase permit requirements. The federal "assault weapon" ban expired in 2004. All states have hunter protection laws, 46 have range protection laws, 46 prohibit local jurisdictions from imposing gun laws more restrictive than state law, 44 protect the right to arms in their constitutions, and Congress and 33 states have prohibited frivolous lawsuits against the firearm industry.11

Less Crime. The FBI reports that the nation’s total violent crime rate declined every year between 1991-2004, to a 30-year low in 2004, and estimates that it rose 1% in 2005.12 (By comparison, the most recent Bureau of Justice Statistics crime victim survey found that "at the national level crime rates remain stabilized at the lowest level experienced since 1973," when the first such survey was conducted.14)

According to the FBI, in 2005 the nation’s violent crime rates were significantly lower than they were in 1991, when the violent crime rate hit an all-time high. In 2005, total violent crime was lower by 38%, murder by 43%, rape by 25%, robbery by 48%, and aggravated assault by 33%. During 2004-2005, total violent crime was lower than anytime since 1976. For the last seven years, the murder rate (between 5.5 and 5.7 per 100,000 annually) has been lower than anytime since 1965.13 Studies by and/or for Congress, the Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress, the National Institute of Justice, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have found no evidence that "gun control" reduces crime.15

Notes:

1. BATF, "Crime Gun Trace Reports (1999) National Report," Nov. 2000, p. ix (www.atf.gov/firearms/ycgii/1999/index.htm).

2. National Research Council, Firearms and Violence: A Critical Review, National Academies Press, 2005.

3. BATF, "Firearms Commerce in the United States 2001/2002" (www.atf.gov/pub/index.htm#Firearms).

4. BJS, "Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2004" (http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov./bjs/pub/pdf/bcft04.pdf).

5. FBI, "NICS Operations 2005," Jan. 2006 (www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/nics/ops_report2005/html/ops_report2005.htm#page4)

6. Bureau of the Census (http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2005-01.xls).

7. Gary Kleck, Targeting Firearms, Aldine de Gruyter, 1997, pp. 94, 98-100.

8. E.g., BJS Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics 2002, Table 2.58, (www.albany.edu/sourcebook/).

9. See NRA RTC fact sheet (within www.nraila.org/Issues/Filter.aspx?ID=003).

10. FBI, Crime in the United States 2005 (http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/05cius/data/documents/05tbl05.xls) for state crime statistics.

11. See NRA-ILA Compendium of State Firearms Laws (www.nraila.org/media/misc/compendium.htm). Also, note that in October 2005, federal legislation prohibiting such lawsuits was signed into law.

12. FBI, Crime in the United States 2005, Table 4, (http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/05cius/data/documents/05tbl04.xls) and BJS (http://bjsdata.ojp.usdoj.gov/dataonline/).

13. Ibid. Condensed at www.nraila.org, click on "Research," then "Crime Statistics."

14. BJS, "Criminal Victimization 2005," (www.ojp.usdoj.gov./bjs/pub/pdf/cv05.pdf).

15. Federal "assault weapon" ban: Roth, Koper, et al., Impact Evaluation of the Public Safety and Recreational Firearms Use Protection Act of 1994, March 13, 1997 (www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=406797); Reedy and Koper, "Impact of handgun types on gun assault outcomes: a comparison of gun assaults involving semiautomatic pistols and revolvers," Injury Prevention 2003, (http://ip.bmjjournals.com/cgi/reprint/9/2/151); Koper et al., Report to the National Institute of Justice, An Updated Assessment of the Federal Assault Weapons Ban: Impacts on Gun Markets and Gun Violence, 1994-2003, June 2004 (www.sas.upenn.edu/jerrylee/jlc-new/Research/Koper_aw_final.pdf); Wm. J. Krouse, Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, "Semiautomatic Assault Weapons Ban," Dec. 16, 2004. "Gun control," generally: Library of Congress, Report for Congress: Firearms Regulations in Various Foreign Countries, May 1998, LL98-3, 97-2010; Task Force on Community Preventive Service, "First Reports Evaluating the Effectiveness of Strategies for Preventing Violence: Firearms Laws," Morbidity and Mortaility Weekly Report, Oct. 3, 2003 (www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5214a2.htm); National Research Council, Firearms and Violence: A Critical Review, National Academies Press, 2005 (http://books.nap.edu/books/0309091241/html/index.html).

 
Posted: 9/26/2006 12:00:00 AM
 

12 posted on 01/11/2007 9:51:48 PM PST by nralife
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To: FoxInSocks

Excellent.

If there are more murders than homicides, then its a bad thing.

More guns, less crime.


13 posted on 01/11/2007 9:52:33 PM PST by HonestConservative (Illegitimi noncarborundum.)
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To: Mount Athos; FoxInSocks; DaveLoneRanger
Exactly! As we say here in Texas, "A bunch of them folks needed killin'"
14 posted on 01/11/2007 9:53:22 PM PST by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias...)
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To: DaveLoneRanger
My dad slipped on a slick, snow covered floor once and his gun popped out and it discharged hitting him in the gut. Luckily it was a .25 and didn't kill him. I'm sure he is a statistic somewhere. My whole family carries concealed. Bad guys are more likely to be a statistic that really counts around here.
15 posted on 01/11/2007 9:55:22 PM PST by DocRock
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To: DaveLoneRanger

This is a bogus study, funded by the anti-gun Joyce Foundation, whose board of directors recently included Barack Obama.

See http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1766323/posts post #20 for details.


16 posted on 01/11/2007 9:55:27 PM PST by LibFreeOrDie (L'Chaim!)
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To: DaveLoneRanger

"had significantly higher homicide victimization rates for children, and for women and men. "

Well, that covers almost everybody.


17 posted on 01/11/2007 9:56:20 PM PST by gcruse (http://garycruse.blogspot.com/)
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To: DaveLoneRanger
New Harvard Study Proves
Higher Rates of Gun Ownership
Results in More Guns In Homes

18 posted on 01/11/2007 9:59:15 PM PST by Bob J (RIGHTALK.com...a conservative alternative to NPR!)
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To: DaveLoneRanger
If you have one state with two gun homicides for 10,000 guns it would rank higher in this study than a state with only one gun homicide for 1,000 guns. The percent of misused guns would be lower in the first state. The study may just show that people are more apt to own a gun where the homicide rate is higher.
19 posted on 01/11/2007 9:59:41 PM PST by Libertarianize the GOP (Make all taxes truly voluntary)
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To: Bob J

LMAO,

Tx, Bob. I needed that!


20 posted on 01/11/2007 10:02:06 PM PST by HonestConservative (Illegitimi noncarborundum.)
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