Skip to comments.Gramscian damage
Posted on 02/21/2006 5:50:12 PM PST by Cannoneer No. 4
Americans have never really understood ideological warfare. Our gut-level assumption is that everybody in the world really wants the same comfortable material success we have. We use extremist as a negative epithetic. Even the few fanatics and revolutionary idealists we have, whatever their political flavor, expect everybody else to behave like a bourgeois.
We dont expect ideas to matter or, when they do, we expect them to matter only because people have been flipped into a vulnerable mode by repression or poverty. Thus all our divagation about the root causes of Islamic terrorism, as if the terrorists very clear and very ideological account of their own theory and motivations is somehow not to be believed.
By contrast, ideological and memetic warfare has been a favored tactic for all of Americas three great adversaries of the last hundred years Nazis, Communists, and Islamists. All three put substantial effort into cultivating American proxies to influence U.S. domestic policy and foreign policy in favorable directions. Yes, the Nazis did this, through organizations like the German-American Bund that was outlawed when World War II went hot. Today, the Islamists are having some success at manipulating our politics through fairly transparent front organizations like the Council on American-Islamic Relations.
But it was the Soviet Union, in its day, that was the master of this game. They made dezinformatsiya (disinformation) a central weapon of their war against the main adversary, the U.S. They conducted memetic subversion against the U.S. on many levels at a scale that is only now becoming clear as historians burrow through their archives and ex-KGB officers sell their memoirs.
The Soviets had an entire active measures department devoted to churning out anti-American dezinformatsiya. A classic example is the rumor that AIDS was the result of research aimed at building a race bomb that would selectively kill black people.
On a different level, in the 1930s members of CPUSA (the Communist Party of the USA) got instructions from Moscow to promote non-representational art so that the USs public spaces would become arid and ugly.
Americans hearing that last one tend to laugh. But the Soviets, following the lead of Marxist theoreticians like Antonio Gramsci, took very seriously the idea that by blighting the U.S.s intellectual and esthetic life, they could sap Americans will to resist Communist ideology and an eventual Communist takeover. The explicit goal was to erode the confidence of Americas ruling class and create an ideological vacuum to be filled by Marxism-Leninism.
Accordingly, the Soviet espionage apparat actually ran two different kinds of network: one of spies, and one of agents of influence. The agents of influence had the minor function of recruiting spies (as, for example, when Kim Philby was brought in by one of his tutors at Cambridge), but their major function was to spread dezinformatsiya, to launch memetic weapons that would damage and weaken the West.
In a previous post on Suicidalism, I identified some of the most important of the Soviet Unions memetic weapons. Here is that list again:
There is no truth, only competing agendas. All Western (and especially American) claims to moral superiority over Communism/Fascism/Islam are vitiated by the Wests history of racism and colonialism. There are no objective standards by which we may judge one culture to be better than another. Anyone who claims that there are such standards is an evil oppressor. The prosperity of the West is built on ruthless exploitation of the Third World; therefore Westerners actually deserve to be impoverished and miserable. Crime is the fault of society, not the individual criminal. Poor criminals are entitled to what they take. Submitting to criminal predation is more virtuous than resisting it. The poor are victims. Criminals are victims. And only victims are virtuous. Therefore only the poor and criminals are virtuous. (Rich people can borrow some virtue by identifying with poor people and criminals.) For a virtuous person, violence and war are never justified. It is always better to be a victim than to fight, or even to defend oneself. But oppressed people are allowed to use violence anyway; they are merely reflecting the evil of their oppressors. When confronted with terror, the only moral course for a Westerner is to apologize for past sins, understand the terrorists point of view, and make concessions. As I previously observed, if you trace any of these back far enough, youll find a Stalinist intellectual at the bottom. (The last two items on the list, for example, came to us courtesy of Frantz Fanon. The fourth item is the Baran-Wallerstein world system thesis.) Most were staples of Soviet propaganda at the same time they were being promoted by progressives (read: Marxists and the dupes of Marxists) within the Western intelligentsia.
The Soviets consciously followed the Gramscian prescription; they pursued a war of position, subverting the leading elements of society through their agents of influence. (See, for example, Stephen Kochs Double Lives: Stalin, Willi Munzenberg and the Seduction of the Intellectuals; summary by Koch here) This worked exactly as expected; their memes seeped into Western popular culture and are repeated endlessly in (for example) the products of Hollywood.
Indeed, the index of Soviet success is that most of us no longer think of these memes as Communist propaganda. It takes a significant amount of digging and rethinking and remembering, even for a lifelong anti-Communist like myself, to realize that there was a time (within the lifetime of my parents) when all of these ideas would have seemed alien, absurd, and repulsive to most people at best, the beliefs of a nutty left-wing fringe, and at worst instruments of deliberate subversion intended to destroy the American way of life.
Koch shows us that the worst-case scenario was, as it turns out now, the correct one; these ideas, like the race bomb rumor, really were instruments deliberately designed to destroy the American way of life. Another index of their success is that most members of the bicoastal elite can no longer speak of the American way of life without deprecation, irony, or an automatic and half-conscious genuflection towards the altar of political correctness. In this and other ways, the corrosive effects of Stalins meme war have come to utterly pervade our culture.
The most paranoid and xenophobic conservatives of the Cold War were, painful though this is to admit, the closest to the truth in estimating the magnitude and subtlety of Soviet subversion. Liberal anticommunists (like myself in the 1970s) thought we were being judicious and fair-minded when we dismissed half of the Rights complaint as crude blather. We were wrong; the Rosenbergs and Alger Hiss really were guilty, the Hollywood Ten really were Stalinist tools, and all of Joseph McCarthys rants about Communists in the State Department were essentially true. The Venona transcripts and other new material leave no room for reasonable doubt on this score.
While the espionage apparatus of the Soviet Union didnt outlast it, their memetic weapons did. These memes are now coming near to crippling our cultures response to Islamic terrorism.
In this context, Jeff Goldstein has written eloquently about perhaps the most long-term dangerous of these memes the idea that rights inhere not in sovereign individuals but identity groups, and that every identity group (except the ruling class) has the right to suppress criticism of itself through political means up to and including violence.
Mark Brittingham (aka WildMonk) has written an excellent essay on the roots of this doctrine in Rousseau and the post-Enlightenment Romantics. It has elsewhere been analyzed and labeled as transnational progressivism. The Soviets didnt invent it, but they promoted it heavily in a deliberate and appallingly successful attempt to weaken the Lockean, individualist tradition that underlies classical liberalism and the U.S. Constitution. The reduction of Western politics to a bitter war for government favor between ascriptive identity groups is exactly the outcome the Soviets wanted and worked hard to arrange.
Call it what you will various other commentators have favored volk-Marxism or postmodern leftism. Ive called it suicidalism. It was designed to paralyze the West against one enemy, but its now being used against us by another. It is no accident that Osama bin Laden so often sounds like hes reading from back issues of Z magazine, and no accident that both constantly echo the hoariest old cliches of Soviet propaganda in the 1930s and 40s.
Another consequence of Stalins meme war is that todays left-wing antiwar demonstrators wear kaffiyehs without any sense of how grotesque it is for ostensible Marxists to cuddle up to religious absolutists who want to restore the power relations of the 7th century CE. In Stalins hands, even Marxism itself was hollowed out to serve as a memetic weapon it became increasingly nihilist, hatred-focused and destructive. The postmodern left is now defined not by what its for but by by what its against: classical-liberal individualism, free markets, dead white males, America, and the idea of objective reality itself.
The first step to recovery is understanding the problem. Knowing that suicidalist memes were launched at us as war weapons by the espionage apparatus of the most evil despotism in human history is in itself liberating. Liberating, too, it is to realize that the Noam Chomskys and Michael Moores and Robert Fisks of the world (and their thousands of lesser imitators in faculty lounges everywhere) are not brave transgressive forward-thinkers but pathetic memebots running the program of a dead tyrant.
Brittingham and other have worried that postmodern leftism may yet win. If so, the victory would be short-lived. One of the clearest lessons of recent times (exemplified not just by kaffiyeh-wearing western leftists but by Hamass recent clobbering of al-Fatah in the first Palestinian elections) is that po-mo leftism is weaker than liberal individualism in one important respect; it has only the weakest defenses against absolutist fervor. Brittingham tellingly notes po-mo philosopher Richard Rortys realization that when the babble of conflicting tribal narratives collapses in exhaustion, the only thing left is the will to power.
Again, this is by design. Lenin and Stalin wanted classical-liberal individualism replaced with something less able to resist totalitarianism, not more. Volk-Marxist fantasy and postmodern nihilism served their purposes; the emergence of an adhesive counter-ideology would not have. Thus, the Chomskys and Moores and Fisks are running a program carefully designed to dead-end at nothing.
Religions are good at filling that kind of nothing. Accordingly, if transational progressivism actually succeeds in smothering liberal individualism, its reward will be to be put to the sword by some flavor of jihadi. Whether the eventual winners are Muslims or Mormons, the future is not going to look like the fuzzy multicultural ecotopia of modern left fantasy. The death of that dream is being written in European banlieus by angry Muslim youths under the light of burning cars.
In the banlieus and elsewhere, Islamist pressure makes it certain that sooner or later the West is going to vomit Stalins memes out of its body politic. The worst way would be through a reflex development of Western absolutism Christian chauvinism, nativism and militarism melding into something like Francoite fascism. The self-panicking leftists who think they see that in todays Republicans are comically wrong (as witnessed by the fact that they arent being systematically jailed and executed), but it is quite a plausible future for the demographically-collapsing nations of Europe.
The U.S., fortunately, is still on a demographic expansion wave and will be till at least 2050. But if the Islamists achieve their dream of nuking crusader cities, theyll make crusaders out of the U.S., too. And this time, a West with a chauvinized America at its head would smite the Saracen with weapons that would destroy entire populations and fuse Mecca into glass. The horror of our victory would echo for a thousand years.
I remain more optimistic than this. I think there is still an excellent chance that the West can recover from suicidalism without going through a fevered fascist episode and waging a genocidal war. But to do so, we have to do more than recognize Stalins memes; we have to reject them. We have to eject postmodern leftism from our universities, transnational progressivism from our politics, and volk-Marxism from our media.
The process wont be pretty. But I fear that if the rest of us dont hound the po-mo Left and its useful idiots out of public life with attack and ridicule and shunning, the hard Right will sooner or later get the power to do it by means that include a lot of killing. I dont want to live in that future, and I dont think any of my readers do, either. If we want to save a liberal, tolerant civilization for our children, wed better get to work.
GREAT post!!!!!!!!!!!!! i dont see gramsci being discussed enough here, or the frankfurt school.
from the article: "On a different level, in the 1930s members of CPUSA (the Communist Party of the USA) got instructions from Moscow to promote non-representational art so that the USs public spaces would become arid and ugly."
from 1963 congressional record: communist goals (listed below)
22. Continue discrediting American culture by degrading all forms of artistic expression. An American Communist cell was told to "eliminate all good sculpture from parks and buildings, substitute shapeless, awkward and meaningless forms."
Takes too long to read, digest, and respond intelligently. Much easier to knee-jerk about A-rabs taking over our ports.
"And this time, a West with a chauvinized America at its head would smite the Saracen with weapons that would destroy entire populations and fuse Mecca into glass. The horror of our victory would echo for a thousand years."
You gotta like the ring of that.
"But to do so, we have to do more than recognize Stalins memes; we have to reject them. We have to eject postmodern leftism from our universities, transnational progressivism from our politics, and volk-Marxism from our media."
Ain't gonna happen.
It's going to take a number of truly ground shaking events to wake this nation out of the sleep of "Diversity & Tolerance".
Maybe we'll finally understand when our most prized possessions are a rice bowl and bicycle.
Excellent post. It is the perfect explanation of my tagline.
"A classic example is the rumor that AIDS was the result of research aimed at building a race bomb that would selectively kill black people."
If the Soviet Union truly believed that such rumor would have worked in their favor and in the favor of Western Civilization and its people, they were truly naive, just like Hitler was naive by killing tens of millions of Christians.
Thank you. Look forward to reading there.
Over the years, the likes of Hillary have infested the universities and every other educational establishment, practically all non-profit foundations and organizations, most of the mainline religious denominations, all of the unions, much of the government bureaucracy, and are making serious inroads into large corporations and the military. It is thanks to Hillary that we have incompetents like General Janis Karpinski, whose only "qualification" for military leadership was a pair of X chromosomes.
Pay attention, FReepers: We must do everything within our means to keep the Gramscian termite Hillary Clinton away from the levers of power. There is no politician in the country who is more dangerous to everything we hold dear. I won't be too pleased if we have to nominate a Republican 'wet' like McCain or Giuliani to defeat her, but defeat her we surely must, at any cost.
Bravo to Eric S. Raymond!
Thanks so much for posting Cannoneer No. 4
Hey, if that's the only way, I'll say "do it."
bump for tomorrow when my eyes aren't droopy
It became apparent to the Baran-Wallerstein school that there were severe historical problems with classic Marxism - certainties such as the increasing alienation, poverty, and illiteracy of the proletariat and decreasing profits for the capitalists simply did not take place, rather the opposite. What could be salvaged from this total failure of the predictive model was class-based political strife, but only if class itself was redefined. Hence the heresy.
The difficulty the postmodern school has encountered when it attempted to layer its strange nihilistic textual analysis over the new power relationships was that Marxism's already loose definitions took on a meaninglessness that defied logical analysis. Logic itself was the next target, and only in its new vicious, impotent form of "Critical Thinking" could it be bent to the purposes of a class analysis that had already been bent out of recognition.
The result is an utterly incomprehensible gibberish that poses as serious intellectual thought. The philosophy is sterile and ludicrous, but the tools it gave the unethical for attaining political power are finely-honed and terribly effective. They offer nothing in the way of exercising that power for the benefit of the masses. That is why a Castro, a Mugabe, a Chavez, a Lenin, can attain the highest seat of power and drive their respective countries to utter ruin. Gramsci taught his students how to use those tools. Not one of them has ever used them to create anything, only to destroy.
Laughter disinfects Marxism. Goad the other people within their hearing into laughing at their position and they lose ALL their power. Their power derives solely from their ability to seem smug, intellectually superior, and pretentious. At least until they have assumed power; then the gulags and secret police kick in .
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