Keyword: churchhistory

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  • All About Christmas Christmas History, Information, Prayers, Resources, Traditions, & More

    12/25/2007 2:21:50 PM PST · by Huber · 10 replies · 775+ views ^ | 12/10/07 | onathan Bennett and David Bennett
    Christmas Definition and Summary Christmas, also known as the Feast of the Nativity, literally means "Christ Mass." The feast celebrates Jesus' birth and the Incarnation of the Son of God on December 25. Christmastide is another name for the Christmas season, and currently extends from the first Vespers of Christmas Eve until the Feast of the Baptism of Our Lord. Prayers: Christmas Prayers Basic Facts Liturgical Color(s): White Type of Holiday: Solemnity; Holy Day of Obligation; Season Time of Year: December 25th until the Baptism of Our Lord (Sunday after Jan. 6th) Duration: Christmas: one day; Christmastide: varies, see above...
  • The Origin of Nativity Scenes

    12/23/2007 7:30:07 AM PST · by big'ol_freeper · 2 replies · 3,089+ views
    The Origin of Nativity Scenes “... Mary gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling clothes and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the place where travelers lodged.” According to St Luke the Evangelist (2,7) Jesus was born in a stable or at least in a place where animals were kept. In fact the word presepio (Nativity Scene) comes from the Latin verb praesepire (to enclose, to hedge, to fence) and today it means manger or crib. The term is thought to have been used for the first time with...
  • Our Jewish Roots: Oral Law

    12/21/2007 10:21:45 AM PST · by NYer · 3 replies · 297+ views
    Catholic Exchange ^ | December 21, 2007 | Cheryl Dickow
    When HaShem (God) dictated the Torah to Moses, that Written Law, or Torah She'bi-khetav, made God's laws known to His people.  This Truth, in all its glorious revelation, was to provide the Jewish people with instructions for daily living, how to celebrate their holidays, and the ways in which they should worship their Creator.  The Torah is also unambiguous on the behaviors that should be avoided and gives clear directions for atonement for sins committed.  Although the Written Law was considered complete, traditional Jewish teaching is that Moses also received a second set of laws called Torah She'bi-al peh: the...
  • Historian: First English Bible Fueled First Fundamentalists

    12/11/2007 11:16:54 AM PST · by squireofgothos · 49 replies · 537+ views
    Live Science via Yahoo ^ | 12-11-07 | Heather Whipps
    Without the clergy guiding them, and with religion still a very important factor in the average person's life, their fate rested in their own hands, Simpson said. The rise of fundamentalist interpretations during the English Reformation can be used to understand the global political situation today and the growth of Islamic extremism, Simpson said as an example. "Very definitely, we see the same phenomenon: newly literate people claiming that the sacred text speaks for itself, and legitimates violence and repression," Simpson said, "and the same is also true of Christian fundamentalists."
  • First Knights Templar Discovered

    04/17/2006 2:34:31 PM PDT · by blam · 179 replies · 4,019+ views
    First Knights Templar are discovered April 10, 2006 LONDON: The first bodies of the Knights Templar, the mysterious religious order at the heart of The Da Vinci Code, have been found by archaeologists near the River Jordan in northern Israel. British historian Tom Asbridge yesterday hailed the find as the first provable example of actual Knights Templar. The remains were found beneath the ruined walls of Jacob's Ford, an overthrown castle dating back to the Crusades, which had been lost for centuries. They can be dated to the exact day -- August 29, 1179 -- that they were killed by...
  • Nehemiah’s Wall Found in Jerusalem

    11/12/2007 5:52:20 AM PST · by Between the Lines · 14 replies · 251+ views
    The Trumpet ^ | November 9, 2007 | Stephen Flurry
    At a conference in Tel Aviv, an archaeological discovery is unveiled that proves biblical history true. Archaeologists who reject the biblical narrative or who believe the historical account is, at best, grossly exaggerated sometimes point to the wall Nehemiah is said to have built around Jerusalem during the 5th century b.c. and ask why none of its remains have ever been discovered. Now those remains are beginning to turn up. Yesterday, at an archaeological conference at Bar Ilan University near Tel Aviv, Dr. Eilat Mazar told 500 attendees that she had discovered Nehemiah’s wall. The discovery comes, as our regular...
  • Top Ten Moments of the Reformation

    10/31/2007 11:04:22 AM PDT · by Alex Murphy · 7 replies · 70+ views
    Kingdom People ^ | 10/31/2007 | Trevin Wax
      The Reformation was a political and religious movement in Europe that began in the 1500’s and lasted for roughly 150 years. It is difficult to pinpoint exact starting and ending dates for the Reformation, but we can point to two events that seem to begin and to culminate the Reformation era: 1517 (Martin Luther’s 95 Theses and his protest against the indulgence system of the Roman Catholic Church) and 1648 (The Peace of Westphalia, treaties that ended both the Thirty Years’ War and the Eighty Years’ War and thus put an end to most of the civil disruption caused...
  • The 490th Anniversary of the Protestant Reformation

    10/30/2007 12:47:36 PM PDT · by Gamecock · 72 replies · 586+ views
    White Horse Inn ^ | 28 October 2007 | Michael Horton
    Hello and welcome to another broadcast of the White Horse Inn, and this isn't just any broadcast this is Reformation Sunday, the 490th Anniversary of the Protestant Reformation. In previous programs of this series we've walked through the history of the heresy known as Pelagianism, so we won't belabor the point a lot. Named after the fifth century British monk, Pelagius who locked horns with Church Father Augustine over salvation, Pelagianism denied original sin, that is that we're born into this world dead in trespasses and sins, and so Adam affects us only as a bad example and Christ affects...
  • Descendants of ‘Holy Grail’ knights demand an apology from the Pope

    10/16/2007 1:47:47 PM PDT · by Sub-Driver · 57 replies · 260+ views
    Descendants of ‘Holy Grail’ knights demand an apology from the Pope Ruth Gledhill, Religion Correspondent A British order of Templars that claims direct descent from the original Knights Templar is calling on the Pope to apologise after the recent discovery of an ancient Vatican document showing that the knights had been absolved of the charges laid against them seven centuries ago. The accusations of heresy led to the disbandment of the order and the burning at the stake of Jacques de Molay, the order’s grand master. The Vatican will next week publish a 5,900-euro (Ł3,925) collector’s edition of its documents...
  • Knights Templar win heresy reprieve after 700 years

    10/12/2007 11:41:08 AM PDT · by xzins · 59 replies · 458+ views
    Yahoo ^ | Thu Oct 11, 8:33 PM ET | By Philip Pullella
    VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - The Knights Templar, the medieval Christian military order accused of heresy and sexual misconduct, will soon be partly rehabilitated when the Vatican publishes trial documents it had closely guarded for 700 years. A reproduction of the minutes of trials against the Templars, "'Processus Contra Templarios -- Papal Inquiry into the Trial of the Templars'" is a massive work and much more than a book -- with a 5,900 euros (4,125 pounds) price tag. "This is a milestone because it is the first time that these documents are being released by the Vatican, which gives a stamp...
  • Vatican publishes Knights Templar papers

    10/12/2007 5:00:39 PM PDT · by Rennes Templar · 89 replies · 1,082+ views
    Yahoo News ^ | Oct. 12, 2007 | Frances D'Emelio
    VATICAN CITY - It's not the Holy Grail, but for fans of "The Da Vinci Code" and its tantalizing story line about the Knights Templar, it could be the next best thing. Ignored for centuries, documents about the heresy trial of the ancient Christian order discovered in the Vatican's secret archives are being published in a limited edition — with an $8,377 price tag. They include a 14th-century parchment showing that Pope Clement V initially absolved the Templar leaders of heresy, though he did find them guilty of immorality and planned to reform the order, according to the Vatican archives...
  • Swiss Protestants mark 500th anniversary of Calvin's birth

    10/11/2007 5:56:32 AM PDT · by Alex Murphy · 48 replies · 381+ views
    Ekklesia ^ | 11 Oct 2007
    The Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches has launched an interactive website as part of its celebrations to mark the 500th anniversary in 2009 of the birth of Protestant reformer Jean Calvin. "We want Calvin to come alive for the people of our time through this Web site," the Rev. Clifton Kirkpatrick, president of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches and chairperson of the Web site's committee of patrons, said when the site was launched on 28 September 2007. The website presents in four languages a calendar of jubilee events worldwide, and information on Calvin's life and teaching. The Reformer...
  • Vatican book on Templars' demise

    10/05/2007 1:44:55 PM PDT · by NYer · 160 replies · 3,468+ views
    BBC ^ | October 5, 2007
    The Vatican is to publish a book which is expected to shed light on the demise of the Knights Templar, a Christian military order from the Middle Ages. The book is based on a document known as the Chinon parchment, found in the Vatican Secret Archives six years ago after years of being incorrectly filed. The document is a record of the heresy hearings of the Templars before Pope Clement V in the 14th Century. The official who found the paper says it exonerates the knights entirely. Prof Barbara Frale, who stumbled across the parchment by mistake, says that...
  • A Brief History of Mormons and Politics - From Joseph Smith to Mitt Romney

    07/08/2007 5:15:15 PM PDT · by Reaganesque · 279 replies · 3,294+ views
    LDS Living Magazine ^ | 07/02/07 | Matthew J. Kennedy
    By the time Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election in 1860, there had already been several attempts on his life. His anti-slavery stance caused the nation to split within days of his victory. Because his life was in danger, he was hidden in the luggage rack of the train that took him into Washington, D.C., and for the first time in our democracy, a duly elected president had to be sneaked into the White House under the cover of darkness. Decades before Lincoln, Joseph Smith’s progressive announcement that he would run for president on an anti-slavery platform was explosive and...
  • On the trail of the crusaders

    07/07/2007 6:54:08 AM PDT · by Alex Murphy · 61 replies · 675+ views
    The Brisbane Times ^ | July 7, 2007 | Paula Goodyer
    It was the ruined citadel at Montsegur that got us hooked on the story of the Cathars, a breakaway group of Christians viciously persecuted by the Catholic Church in 12th and 13th century France. Perched on a craggy limestone peak, close to the Pyrenees, this fortress sheltered a group of Cathars besieged by Catholic crusaders for 10 months. Eventually defeated, 220 men and women filed down a steep winding path to be burned en masse in an enclosure on the grassy meadow below the citadel in 1244. Burning was the French Inquisition's nifty way of recreating hell, a concept in...
  • History's bloodiest siege used human heads as cannonballs (Siege of Malta in 1565 against Muslims)

    07/07/2007 1:10:40 PM PDT · by wagglebee · 181 replies · 7,319+ views
    UK Daily Mail ^ | 7/7/07 | James Jackson
    A hot and fetid June night on the small Mediterranean island of Malta, and a Christian sentry patrolling at the foot of a fort on the Grand Harbour had spotted something drifting in the water. The alarm was raised. More of these strange objects drifted into view, and men waded into the shallows to drag them to the shore. What they found horrified even these battle-weary veterans: wooden crosses pushed out by the enemy to float in the harbour, and crucified on each was the headless body of a Christian knight. This was psychological warfare at its most brutal, a...
  • Five Hundred Years Since Columbus: Lessons of the Church's History

    07/05/2007 8:20:02 PM PDT · by stfassisi · 7 replies · 203+ views
    Five Hundred Years Since Columbus: Lessons of the Church's History by Fr. John A. Hardon, S.J. Our reflections so far on Christopher Columbus have concentrated on his Catholic discovery of America. Our stress has been on the providential role that Columbus played in initiating the most fruitful conversion to Catholic Christianity since apostolic times. Too much has happened since 1492 and no two evaluations will be the same. However, there are certain aspects of our Catholic history since Columbus that are too obvious to be missed. They are also too important not to learn from the past how God wants...
  • The Man Who Founded America

    06/21/2007 8:41:52 AM PDT · by Alex Murphy · 28 replies · 443+ views
    Christian Post ^ | June 20 2007 | D. James Kennedy, Ph.D.
    What one individual would you identify as the virtual founder of America? Would it be George Washington? Thomas Jefferson? Thomas Paine? Benjamin Franklin? I believe that the man history clearly gives this designation to is a humble reformer from Geneva, Switzerland, who died in 1564. His name is John Calvin. The great American historian, George Bancroft, who was far from a Calvinist, calls John Calvin “the father of America.” According to Bancroft, “He who will not honor the memory and respect the influence of Calvin knows but little of the origin of American liberty.” If we are to get back...
  • Protestants Plan to Honor John Calvin's 500th Birthday

    06/09/2007 7:14:39 AM PDT · by Alex Murphy · 73 replies · 1,061+ views ^ | June 8, 2007 | William Connery
    worldwide birthday party is being planned to celebrate the life and legacy of John Calvin, one of the founding fathers of the Protestant Reformation. "Protestant theology and Western democracy owe a debt of gratitude to John Calvin," says Peter Lillback, president of Westminster Theological Seminary outside Philadelphia and one of the driving forces behind Calvin 500, a celebration that culminates on July 10, 2009, five centuries after Calvin's birth. "Calvin is maligned or, worse, sometimes forgotten today. But along with his brother in the faith, Martin Luther, Calvin did much for the revival of biblical Christianity," declares Lillback. Calvin was...
  • 131 Christians Everyone Should Know

    05/21/2007 7:47:45 AM PDT · by Sopater · 2 replies · 162+ views
    [ ] The following article is located at: This week's Christians everyone should know Buy the book containing these and many other profiles of Christians you should know. New this week: Richard AllenInnocent IIILouis IXErasmusJohn FoxeFrancis BaconJustinian I and Theodora IBonifaceHugh Latimer & Nicholas RidleyJohn SmythJohn DonnePatrick
  • Who Was Against Christmas?

    12/14/2006 7:40:54 AM PST · by Alex Murphy · 14 replies · 590+ views
    University of Wyoming ^ | Paul V.M. Flesher
    Picture the following scenario. Crowds of Americans rioting in the streets. Two opposing groups shout loudly, vying to have their messages heard and heeded. The groups meet. Confrontation ensues. Fistfights break out. Church windows are smashed. What are these rioters fighting about? Christmas. One group favors celebrating Christmas, the other opposes all Christmas observances. This isn’t an imaginary event, it is history. It happened in Boston on Christmas day in 1706. In America's increasing love-affair with Christmas (both the Christian and commercial versions), we have forgotten that there was a time when much of European and American Christianity thought that...
  • Monasteries and Madrassas: Five Myths About Christianity, Islam, and the Middle Ages

    09/02/2006 8:14:14 AM PDT · by Petrosius · 98 replies · 1,304+ views
    Crisis ^ | July 26 , 2006 | H. W. Crocker III
    Monasteries and Madrassas: Five Myths About Christianity, Islam, and the Middle Ages By H. W. Crocker III Does Islam need a Reformation? Not unless you think it would benefit from additional dollops of Puritanism; further encouragement to smash altars, stained glass, and other forms of ?idolatry?; prodding to ban riotous celebrations like Christmas and Easter; and support for fundamentalist Islamic schools that insist on sola Korana and sola Sunnah . Indeed, it would seem that Islam has already had its reformers. Railing against the corruption of the West (let's call it ?Rome? for short) have been such modern Islamic...
  • Burial site set for priest Klansman killed in'21 (Fr. Coyle)

    08/20/2006 7:47:10 AM PDT · by markomalley · 13 replies · 398+ views
    Birmingham News ^ | 8/20/2006 | GREG GARRISON
    The planned new grave for a Catholic priest killed 85 years ago in downtown Birmingham has been dug next to St. Paul's Cathedral. The Rev. James E. Coyle, who became pastor of St. Paul's Cathedral in 1904, was shot to death on the porch of the rectory, the priest's house, on Aug. 11, 1921. He is buried at Elmwood Cemetery. The Rev. Richard Donohoe, current pastor of the cathedral, plans to seek Vatican approval for moving Coyle's remains. "It would make his grave more visible and accessible to the people, for reflection on his cause for being declared a martyr...
  • Hitler's Pope? (Book review of The Myth of Hitler's Pope)

    08/18/2006 6:56:57 AM PDT · by Alex Murphy · 61 replies · 985+ views
    American Spectator ^ | August 18, 2006 | Sir Martin Gilbert
    AS A HISTORIAN OF THE HOLOCAUST, I frequently receive requests from Jewish educators, seeking support for grant applications for their Holocaust programs. Almost all these applications include a sentence about how the new program will inform students that the Pope, and the Vatican, "did nothing" during the Holocaust to help Jews. The most recent such portrayal reached me while I was writing this review. It is part of a proposal to a major Jewish philanthropic organization, and contains the sentence: "Also discusses the role of the Vatican and the rabidly anti-Semitic Pope Pius XII, who were privy to information regarding...
  • Dismantling The Da Vinci Code

    05/19/2006 11:25:43 AM PDT · by bornacatholic · 10 replies · 361+ views
    Crisis Magazine ^ | 2003 | Sandra Meisel
    “The Grail,” Langdon said, “is symbolic of the lost goddess. When Christianity came along, the old pagan religions did not die easily. Legends of chivalric quests for the Holy Grail were in fact stories of forbidden quests to find the lost sacred feminine. Knights who claimed to be “searching for the chalice” were speaking in code as a way to protect themselves from a Church that had subjugated women, banished the Goddess, burned non-believers, and forbidden the pagan reverence for the sacred feminine.” (The Da Vinci Code, pages 238-239) The Holy Grail is a favorite metaphor for a desirable but...

    05/08/2006 9:46:31 PM PDT · by TBP · 12 replies · 511+ views
    Came to me via email
    Where It All Began The very thing which is now called the Christian religion existed among the ancients also, nor was it wanting]rom the inception if the human race until the coming if Christ in the flesh, at which point the true religion which was already in existence began to be called Christian. -ST. AUGUSTINE, Retractiones THIS ASTOUNDING STATEMENT by St. Augustine, one of the most brilliant thinkers in the earliest centuries of the Church, utterly refutes the traditional view that Christianity, though of obvious Jewish roots, virtually fell from the skies as a radically new, unique, all- surpassing religion...
  • Modern Bibles are the Result of Many Edits:

    05/06/2006 7:04:47 AM PDT · by canuck_conservative · 238 replies · 3,579+ views
    For all those folks following the Good Book, we have some bad news. Turns out a lot of our modern Bible was tacked on, scratched out, and just plain garbled from the original Gospels as scribes over the millennia tried to present Christianity in what they thought was its truest light. In fact, many of our modern Bibles are based on the wrong originals, says Bart Ehrman in his best-selling book Misquoting Jesus: The Story behind who Changed the Bible and Why. Even our beloved King James version has several segments based on a 12th-century manuscript that scholars now say...
  • (Future Church) Pilgrims Trace Women's Role in Early Church

    04/18/2006 9:07:46 AM PDT · by NYer · 50 replies · 938+ views
    NPR ^ | April 16, 2006
    April 16, 2006 · Inscriptions and images found on tombstones, frescoes and mosaics throughout the Mediterranean show that women held respected roles in the early Christian church that were identical to those held by men. They were apostles, priests, deacons and bishops. But the Vatican's official view of church history presents women in a different light. Recently, a group of 31 American Catholic women, organized by the group FutureChurch, visited Rome to inspect the archeological evidence of female leadership. Many who made the trip say they were inspired to become more active in their local church communities."We would just like...
  • Need Freeper help re: History of Christianity

    04/17/2006 5:16:30 PM PDT · by Scarchin · 139 replies · 1,418+ views
    I am an English teacher at the high school level. Today I had a conversation with a history teacher during which I noted that communism was perhaps responsible for more deaths than any other ideology. My colleague stated that I was definitely wrong. I asked him what belief system has caused more deaths. His answer? Christianity.After you vent, can you give me a concrete place (books etc.) to start with this guy? I can't let this one go.P.S. I didn't just role over. I argued and argued, but he was adamant. I'm at a loss because I find his position...
  • Jewish Light on the Risen Lord - FLAVIUS JOSEPHUS, A FIRST-CENTURY JEW

    04/13/2006 6:33:47 AM PDT · by NYer · 39 replies · 1,157+ views
    New Oxford Review ^ | April 2006 | Frederick W. Marks
    One of the most valuable testimonies to Christ's Resurrection comes from the pen of a first-century Jew by the name of Flavius Josephus (b. A.D. 37). 1 Priest and general, as well as historian par excellence, Josephus was one of the great lights of his age, and in one of the best-known passages of his marvelous work, The Antiquities of the Jews, he not only treats the Resurrection as a fact, but also calls Jesus "the Messiah" and refers to Him as "a wise man, if indeed he should be called a man" (18.4). How a Jew could have...
  • What Are the Real Origins of Easter?

    04/08/2006 7:12:48 AM PDT · by DouglasKC · 256 replies · 2,067+ views
    Good News Magazine ^ | Spring 2006 | Jerold Aust
    What Are the Real Origins of Easter? Millions assume that Easter, one of the world's major religious holidays, is found in the Bible. But is it? Have you ever looked into Easter's origins and customs and compared them with the Bible? by Jerold Aust Easter is one of the most popular religious celebrations in the world. But is it biblical? The word Easter appears only once in the King James Version of the Bible (and not at all in most others). In the one place it does appear, the King James translators mistranslated the Greek word for Passover as...
  • Cyprus: Portrait of a Christianity Obliterated

    03/31/2006 1:35:27 PM PST · by robowombat · 7 replies · 614+ views
    Assyrian International News Agency ^ | 3-31-2006 | Sandro Magister
    Assyrian International News Agency Cyprus: Portrait of a Christianity Obliterated -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Posted GMT 3-31-2006 18:23:32 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ROMA -- The island of Cyprus was the first destination of the "special mission" that the Holy Spirit entrusted to Paul and Barnabas, according to what is written in the Acts of the Apostles, in chapter 13. On the island they found a Roman governor, Sergius Paulus, "an intelligent man who wanted to hear the word of God and believed, deeply shaken by the teaching of the Lord." But if Paul and Barnabas were to return to Cyprus today, to the northern part of...
  • Apostle to the Irish: The Real Saint Patrick

    03/20/2006 6:23:45 AM PST · by Mr. Silverback · 43 replies · 1,017+ views
    Breakpoint with Charles Colson ^ | March 17, 2006 | Charles Colson
    If you ask people who Saint Patrick was, you’re likely to hear that he was an Irishman who chased the snakes out of Ireland. It may surprise you to learn that the real Saint Patrick was not actually Irish—yet his robust faith changed the Emerald Isle forever. Patrick was born in Roman Britain to a middle-class family in about A.D. 390. When Patrick was a teenager, marauding Irish raiders attacked his home. Patrick was captured, taken to Ireland, and sold to an Irish king, who put him to work as a shepherd. In his excellent book, How the Irish Saved...
  • Vatican change of heart over 'barbaric' Crusades

    03/19/2006 6:44:46 PM PST · by prairiebreeze · 386 replies · 4,131+ views
    UK Times online ^ | March 20, 2006 | Richard Owen
    THE Vatican has begun moves to rehabilitate the Crusaders by sponsoring a conference at the weekend that portrays the Crusades as wars fought with the “noble aim” of regaining the Holy Land for Christianity. The Crusades are seen by many Muslims as acts of violence that have underpinned Western aggression towards the Arab world ever since. Followers of Osama bin Laden claim to be taking part in a latter-day “jihad against the Jews and Crusaders”. The late Pope John Paul II sought to achieve Muslim- Christian reconciliation by asking “pardon” for the Crusades during the 2000 Millennium celebrations. But John...
  • What did early Christians believe about Using instrumental music in worship???

    03/07/2006 11:57:40 AM PST · by bremenboy · 143 replies · 1,542+ views
    AQUINAS "Our church does not use musical instruments, as harps and psalteries, to praise God withal, that she may not seem to Judaize." (Thomas Aquinas, Bingham's Antiquities, Vol. 3, page 137) AUGUSTINE "musical instruments were not used. The pipe, tabret, and harp here associate so intimately with the sensual heathen cults, as well as with the wild revelries and shameless performances of the degenerate theater and circus, it is easy to understand the prejudices against their use in the worship." (Augustine 354 A.D., describing the singing at Alexandria under Athanasius) CHRYSOSTOM "David formerly sang songs, also today we sing hymns....
  • Roots of Subversion (Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism, by Abbé Augustin Barruél, SJ

    03/04/2006 9:40:01 PM PST · by Coleus · 4 replies · 487+ views
    The New American ^ | 09.30.96 | William H. McIlhany
    Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism, by Abbé Augustin Barruél The years 1796 to 1798 saw the publication of two important presentations of evidence concerning an international conspiracy, then only decades old, which had devastated France and was threatening the entire civilized world. That conspiracy had coalesced into a continuing organizational structure with the founding of the Order of the Illuminati by Adam Weishaupt on May 1, 1776 in Ingolstadt, Bavaria. The conspirators in the Order came from the top levels of society, and their ultimate goal was the destruction of all existing religious and political institutions, all forms...
  • The History of Lent (Did the Church always have this time before Easter? )

    03/04/2006 4:10:46 PM PST · by NYer · 13 replies · 341+ views
    Catholic Education ^ | FR. WILLIAM SAUNDERS
    Lent is a special time of prayer, penance, sacrifice and good works in preparation of the celebration of Easter. In the desire to renew the liturgical practices of the Church, The Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy of Vatican Council II stated, "The two elements which are especially characteristic of Lent — the recalling of baptism or the preparation for it, and penance — should be given greater emphasis in the liturgy and in liturgical catechesis. It is by means of them that the Church prepares the faithful for the celebration of Easter, while they hear God's word more frequently...
  • The History of Lent

    02/27/2006 8:32:56 AM PST · by Salvation · 71 replies · 3,355+ views ^ | n/a | Abbot Gueranger O.S.B.
    THE HISTORY OF LENT by Abbot Gueranger O.S.B. The forty days' fast, which we call Lent,[1] is the Church's preparation for Easter, and was instituted at the very commencement of Christianity. Our blessed Lord Himself sanctioned it by fasting forty days and forty nights in the desert; and though He would not impose it on the world by an express commandment (which, in that case, could not have been open to the power of dispensation), yet He showed plainly enough, by His own example, that fasting, which God had so frequently ordered in the old Law, was to be...
  • Where Have All the Protestants Gone?

    02/15/2006 6:22:47 AM PST · by NYer · 2,347 replies · 18,247+ views
    NOR ^ | January 2006 | Thomas Storck
    Has anyone noticed the almost complete disappearance of Protestants from our nation? "What!" I can hear my readers exclaim, "Storck has really gone off his rocker this time. Why, just down the street there's an Assembly of God church and two or three Baptist churches and the Methodists and so on. My cousin just left the Catholic Church to become a Protestant and my niece just married one. Moreover, evangelical Protestants have many media outlets of their own and they have great influence in the Bush Administration. They're everywhere." All this, of course, is true. Except that for some...
  • How Tradition Gave Us the Bible

    02/06/2006 1:02:10 PM PST · by NYer · 597 replies · 4,403+ views
    It's still a jolt for some people to realize this, but the Bible did not fall down out of the sky, leather-bound and gold-monogrammed with the words of Christ in red, in 95 AD.  Rather the canon of Christian Scripture slowly developed over a period of about 1500 years.  That does not mean, of course, that Scripture was being written for 1500 years after the life of Christ.  Rather, it means that it took the Church some fifteen centuries to formally and definitively state which books out of the great mass of early Christian and pseudo-Christian books constituted the Bible....
  • Opus Dei 101 (Anti-catholicism cloaked as history)

    01/27/2006 7:26:38 AM PST · by NYer · 11 replies · 590+ views
    NRO ^ | January 26, 2006 | Susan Vigilante
    So here I am facing another Minnesota winter, looking to expand my mind. Naturally I turn to "The Winter & Spring 2006 Community Education Catalog" of the Eden Prairie, Minnesota public schools, where I see the very first course offering is Da Vinci Code Historical Seminar Did you find the historical events in the 2003 fictional best-seller interesting but too fantastic to believe? Actually, most of the background items cited in the book were tied to events purportedly recorded in history. I struggled with "purportedly recorded" for a while, but decided to move on. As the rest of the description...
  • Priestly celibacy in patristics and in the history of the Church

    01/22/2006 4:00:41 AM PST · by bornacatholic · 3 replies · 292+ views
    The Holy See ^ | 1995 | Roman Cholij
    It is clear from the New Testament (Mk 1:29-31; Mt 8:14-15; Lk 4:38-39; 1 Tim 3:2, 12; Tit 1:6) that at least the Apostle Peter had been married, and that bishops, presbyters and deacons of the Primitive Church were often family men. It is also clear from epigraphy, the testimony of the Fathers, synodal legislation, papal decretals and other sources that in the following centuries, a married clergy, in greater or lesser numbers was a normal feature of the life of the Church. Even married popes are known to us.1 And yet, paradoxically, one has to desist, when faced with...

    01/15/2006 1:17:31 PM PST · by bornacatholic · 14 replies · 430+ views
    James Likoudis ^ | 1998 | James Likoudis
    Some past scholars and popular opinion have held that the Byzantine Greco-Slav Schism (causing the emergence of the present Eastern Orthodox communion) was consummated in the days of the Patriarch Photius of Constantinople (858-886 A.D.). Yet others have thought that the schism between Rome and Byzantium was complete when the Queen City on the Bosphorus saw Roman Cardinals and the Patriarch Michael Cerularius engage in mutual excommunications in 1054 A.D. Actually, it was at the end of the 13th century that the Byzantine Greek church (constituted by the Patriarchs of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem) together with its offshoot Slav...
  • Christianity and Islam in History

    01/05/2006 8:57:33 AM PST · by Kenny Bunk · 18 replies · 1,068+ views
    Vatican ^ | December 20, 2005 | Christianity and Islam in History
    I will address the topic of Christianity and Islam by limiting myself to a brief presentation of historical facts, without entering into the specifics of religious and theological dialogue. This seems useful to me, because the celebration of the fifth centenary of the birth of Pius V was a bit muted, especially in academic circles. The victor at Lepanto in 1571, this pope who had the courage and the energy to construct an alliance of almost all the Christian kingdoms against the Ottoman empire – which was advancing to threaten Europe and had already established dominion over the Balkans –...

    01/03/2006 9:37:03 AM PST · by HarleyD · 18 replies · 856+ views
    Fontes-The Writings of Michael A. G. Haykin ^ | 2005 | Michael A. G. Haykin
    Central to the early Christian community was an ethic which, on the one hand, condemned violence and bloodshed and, on the other, vigorously upheld the sanctity of life. Such an ethic had, and still has, manifold ramifications. In the case of the early Christians, it led them not only to shun the violent “pastimes” of the Roman arena, but also to eschew participation in the militarism of the Roman state. Of great import with regard to our contemporary scene, this ethic led the early Church to articulate a clear position concerning the treatment of the unborn. In the following paper,...
  • Christianity and Islam in History

    01/02/2006 2:46:25 PM PST · by NYer · 47 replies · 1,268+ views
    Catholic Educators ^ | December 2005 | MSGR. WALTER BRANDMULLER
    On the same day when the Vatican made public Benedict XVI’s message for the World Day of Peace next January 1, cardinal secretary of state Angelo Sodano sponsored a meeting at the Pontifical Lateran University — the grand chancellor of which is the pope’s vicar, cardinal Camillo Ruini. The meeting focused on a topic crucial for the Church’s geopolitics: “Christianity and Islam, Yesterday and Today.” In his message, Benedict XVI pointed to “nihilism” and “religious fanaticism” as the two deep sources of Islamist terrorism. But the analysis at the December 13 meeting at the Lateran concentrated above all on the...
  • Stones indicate earlier Christian link? (Possible Christians in China in 1st Century AD)

    12/22/2005 6:01:19 PM PST · by wagglebee · 56 replies · 1,892+ views
    China Daily ^ | 12/22/05 | Wang Shanshan
    One day in a spring, an elderly man walked alone on a stone road lined by young willows in Xuzhou in East China's Jiangsu Province. At the end of the road was a museum that few people have heard of. A Chinese theology professor says the first Christmas is depicted in the stone relief from the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25-220). In the picture above a woman and a man are sitting around what looks like a manger, with allegedly "the three wise men" approaching from the left side, holding gifts, "the shepherd" following them, and "the assassins" queued...
  • Thomas Jefferson and the Mammoth Cheese

    12/20/2002 11:59:10 AM PST · by Remedy · 14 replies · 879+ views
    Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty ^ | 2002 May and June • Volume 12, Number 3 | Daniel L. Dreisbach
    On New Year's Day, 1802, President Thomas Jefferson received a gift of mythic proportions. Amid great fanfare, a mammoth cheese was delivered to the White House by the itinerant Baptist preacher John Leland. It measured more than four feet in diameter, thirteen feet in circumference, and seventeen inches in height; once cured, it weighed 1,235 pounds.The colossal cheese was made by the staunchly Republican, Baptist citizens of Cheshire, a small farming community in the Berkshire Hills of western Massachusetts. The religious dissenters created the cheese to commemorate Jefferson's long-standing devotion to religious liberty and to celebrate his recent electoral victory...
  • How Christianity Led to Freedom, Capitalism, and the Success of the West

    12/21/2005 4:01:31 PM PST · by Coleus · 14 replies · 1,908+ views
    CERC ^ | 12.02.05 | RODNEY STARK
    Christian faith in reason and in progress was the foundation on which Western success was achieved. When Europeans first began to explore the globe, their greatest surprise was not the existence of the Western Hemisphere, but the extent of their own technological superiority over the rest of the world. Not only were the proud Maya, Aztec, and Inca nations helpless in the face of European intruders, so were the fabled civilizations of the East: China, India, and Islamic nations were "backward" by comparison with 15th-century Europe. How had that happened? Why was it that, although many civilizations had pursued alchemy,...
  • Did the Puritans Celebrate Christmas?

    12/20/2005 9:45:33 AM PST · by Irontank · 21 replies · 1,661+ views
    The residents of early New England were strongly influenced by the traditions of Calvinism and the routine of the established Congregational church, honoring hard work and stern independence, which were interpreted as self-sufficiency. They were proud of observing Thanksgiving as the most important day of the year and self-righteous in refusing to observe Christmas day, which they considered an emblem of the Roman Catholic Church. The Presbyterians, Quakers and Baptists also followed the teachings of John Calvin and chose not to celebrate Christmas. It was a day when farmers slaughtered hogs and farm wives dipped their candles. "It was remembered,"...