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Keyword: blackdeath

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  • Why 536 was ‘the worst year to be alive’

    11/16/2018 6:12:12 AM PST · by artichokegrower · 135 replies
    Science ^ | Nov. 15, 2018 | Ann Gibbons
    Ask medieval historian Michael McCormick what year was the worst to be alive, and he's got an answer: "536." Not 1349, when the Black Death wiped out half of Europe. Not 1918, when the flu killed 50 million to 100 million people, mostly young adults. But 536. In Europe, "It was the beginning of one of the worst periods to be alive, if not the worst year," says McCormick, a historian and archaeologist who chairs the Harvard University Initiative for the Science of the Human Past.
  • Oldest Bubonic Plague Genome Decoded

    06/11/2018 5:14:12 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    Eurekalert ^ | June 8, 2018 | Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
    The strain identified by the researchers was recovered from individuals in a double burial in the Samara region of Russia, who both had the same strain of the bacterium at death... this strain is the oldest sequenced to date that contains the virulence factors considered characteristic of the bubonic plague, and is ancestral to the strains that caused the Justinian Plague, the Black Death and the 19th century plague epidemics in China... caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis... The disease continues to affect populations around the world today. Despite its historical and modern significance, the origin and age of the...
  • The disappearance of Ukip: Brexit cheerleaders have collapsed at the polls and faces losing (tr)

    05/03/2018 10:27:51 PM PDT · by Berlin_Freeper · 42 replies
    dailymail.co.uk ^ | May 4, 2018 | Tim Sculthorpe
    Ukip has collapsed in the polls and faces the loss of almost every council seat it won four years ago. With the results still coming in, the Brexit cheerleaders have already lost 86 of the 166 seats they won last time. Ukip is currently on just two seats - one of which is a gain in Derby in defiance of the nationwide performance.
  • Maybe Rats Aren't to Blame for the Black Death

    01/15/2018 6:21:35 PM PST · by nickcarraway · 70 replies
    Nationak Geographic ^ | JANUARY 15, 2018 | Michael Greshko
    A provocative new study suggests that medieval plagues spread via fleas and lice on people.Rats have long been blamed for spreading the parasites that transmitted plague throughout medieval Europe and Asia, killing millions of people. Now, a provocative new study has modeled these long-ago outbreaks and suggests that the maligned rodents may not be the culprits after all. The study, published on Monday in the journal PNAS, instead points the finger at human parasites—such as fleas and body lice—for primarily spreading plague bacteria during the Second Pandemic, a series of devastating outbreaks that spanned from the 1300s to the early...
  • Black Death TWO: Girl, 9, drops dead as strange 'eye-bleeding fever' spreads

    01/13/2018 11:20:14 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 21 replies
    dailystar.co.uk ^ | 13th January 2018 | Anthony Blair
    She had contracted the bizarre new disease with similarities to the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. This disease — usually spread by tick bites or contact with infected livestock — can cause muscle pains, headaches, vomiting, diarrhoea and bleeding. ... A rapid response health team was rushed from the local hospital with a body bag to collect her and prevent any possible outbreak. Health teams disinfected the girl's home after her death on Thursday night local time, but didn't give her grieving family any details about when they could have her body back. Speaking to local media, family member Harriet Nalunkuma said:...
  • INFECTED FUGITIVES Black Death patients are ESCAPING hospital(madagascar)

    11/19/2017 7:42:44 AM PST · by dynachrome · 59 replies
    The Sun ^ | 11-18-17 | George Sandeman
    Officials at the hospital say the main reason why patients run away is that they are scared of needles and don't have much experience of hospitals. Jean Benoit Manhes, the deputy representative of Unicef, told the Irish Times: "Some escaped because they’re afraid of needles. People here are not used to the hospital. "The problem of plague is not just a medical response. You can have hospitals but if people don’t come it isn’t enough.” Such incidents have prompted fears that the plague could spread even further with each confirmed case requiring 20 people have been in contact with to...
  • DANCING WITH DEATH Plague is spreading because relatives are digging up their Black Death dead

    10/31/2017 8:42:32 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 38 replies
    www.thesun.co.uk ^ | 10/31/2017 | By Danny Collins
    FULL TITLE: DANCING WITH DEATH Plague is spreading because relatives are digging up their Black Death dead and DANCING with the corpses as part of ancient Madagascan ritual called Famadihana =========================================================================== Madagascans have been told to stop the traditional practice of Famadihana - which sees locals dig up deceased relatives and dance with them before they are re-buried. It is feared the ceremony has helped spread an outbreak of pneumonic plague that has left more than 120 dead on the African island It is feared the ceremony has helped spread an outbreak of pneumonic plague that has left more than...
  • 'Eye-watering' Scale Of Black Death's Impact On England Revealed

    06/19/2016 5:11:53 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 36 replies
    Guardian UK ^ | Last modified on Thursday 26 May 2016 | Maev Kennedy
    Scraps of broken pottery from test pits dug by thousands of members of the public have revealed the devastating impact of the Black Death in England, not just in the years 1346 to 1351 when the epidemic ripped Europe apart, but for decades or even centuries afterwards. The quantity of sherds of everyday domestic pottery -- the most common of archaeological finds -- is a good indicator of the human population because of its widespread daily use, and the ease with which it can be broken and thrown away. By digging standard-sized test pits, then counting and comparing the broken...
  • Did famine worsen the Black Death?

    01/07/2016 11:22:02 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Harvard News ^ | January 5, 2016 | Alvin Powell
    When the Black Death swept through Europe in 1347, it was one of the deadliest disease outbreaks in human history, eventually killing between a third and half of Europeans. Prior work by investigators has traced the cause to plague-carrying fleas borne by rats that jumped ship in trading ports. In addition, historical researchers believe that famine in northern Europe before the plague came ashore may have weakened the population there and set the stage for its devastation. Now, new research using a unique combination of ice-core data and written historical records indicates that the cool, wet weather blamed for the...
  • Medieval Plague May Explain Resistance to HIV

    03/10/2005 3:11:16 PM PST · by Pyro7480 · 47 replies · 1,885+ views
    Yahoo! News (Reuters) ^ | 3/10/2005 | n/a
    Medieval Plague May Explain Resistance to HIV LONDON (Agence de Presse Medicale) - The persistent epidemics of hemorrhagic fever that struck Europe during the Middle Ages provided the selection pressures that have made 10 percent of Europeans resistant to HIV infection, according to a UK study. A mutation called delta-32 in the cellular receptor dubbed CCR5 protects against HIV infection, and is found more often in Europeans than other populations. Scientists have previously suggested that the genetic mutation became common because it protected people against the Black Death or smallpox epidemics, while those with normal CCR5 were wiped out. But...
  • The viruses are out there, and they are out to get us

    02/27/2003 6:26:28 PM PST · by Wallaby · 16 replies · 1,270+ views
    The Canberra Times | 28 February 2003
    Not for commercial use. Solely to be used for the educational purposes of research and open discussion. The viruses are out there, and they are out to get us It is possible that the Black Death is not dead and that a new 'bird flu' is another potential mass killer The Canberra Times Section A; Pg 17 February 27, 2003 Thursday Final Edition LATE last month an eight-year-old girl from Hong Kong visiting relatives in southern China fell ill with influenza and was admitted to hospital. A week later she died, and since then her father has died of the...
  • The Next Pandemic

    09/02/2014 3:42:11 PM PDT · by blam · 32 replies
    The Week Magazine ^ | 9-2-2014 | The Week Staff
    By The Week Staff August 30, 2014Think Ebola is alarming? Scientists expect a much deadlier virus to emerge in the not-distant future. How likely is a pandemic? Epidemiologists believe we're statistically overdue for a global viral outbreak, which occurs every generation or so. This year's Ebola crisis is probably just a dress rehearsal: Though the virus has killed at least 1,420 people in Africa in the last five months, Ebola is transmitted only through intimate contact with bodily fluids and doesn't have the global reach of a true pandemic, such as Spanish influenza in 1918. Humanity had no prior exposure...
  • Deadly Black Death bug hasn't changed, but we have

    10/12/2011 6:26:05 PM PDT · by decimon · 46 replies
    Associated Press ^ | October 12, 2011 | Seth Borenstein
    WASHINGTON (AP) — Scientists have cracked the genetic code of the Black Death, one of history's worst plagues, and found that its modern day bacterial descendants haven't changed much over 600 years. Luckily, we have. > In devastating the population, it changed the human immune system, basically wiping out people who couldn't deal with the disease and leaving the stronger to survive, said study co-author Hendrik Poinar of McMaster University in Ontario. >
  • Europe's Chill Linked To Disease (Black Death Caused Little Ice Age?)

    02/27/2006 10:53:31 AM PST · by blam · 81 replies · 1,999+ views
    bbc ^ | 2-27-2006
    Europe's chill linked to disease By Kate Ravilious Bubonic plague may have wiped out over a third of Europe's population Europe's "Little Ice Age" may have been triggered by the 14th Century Black Death plague, according to a new study. Pollen and leaf data support the idea that millions of trees sprang up on abandoned farmland, soaking up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This would have had the effect of cooling the climate, a team from Utrecht University, Netherlands, says. The Little Ice Age was a period of some 300 years when Europe experienced a dip in average temperatures. Dr...
  • Black Death Casts A genetic Shadow Over England

    08/01/2007 2:00:38 PM PDT · by blam · 85 replies · 2,191+ views
    New Scientist ^ | Colin Barras
    Black Death casts a genetic shadow over England 12:26 01 August 2007 NewScientist.com news service Colin BarrasBlack Death as illustrated in a 15th century bible The Black Death continues to cast a shadow across England. Although the modern English population is more cosmopolitan than ever, the plagues known as the Black Death killed so many people in the Middle Ages that, to this day, genetic diversity is lower in England than it was in the 11th century, according to a new analysis. Rus Hoelzel at the University of Durham, UK and his colleagues looked at the mitochondrial DNA from human...
  • Black Death Mutant Gene Resists AIDS, Say Scientists (Virus)

    01/04/2005 7:21:29 PM PST · by blam · 73 replies · 3,016+ views
    Cheshire Online ^ | 1-4-2005 | Alan Weston
    Black Death mutant gene resists Aids, say scientists Jan 4 2005 By Alan Weston, Daily Post IT HAS been described as the 'world's greatest serial killer'. The Black Death was a catastrophe which wiped out nearly half the European population, with 20m people dying between 1348 and 1350. But new research being carried out by a team from Liverpool University has shown that the disease may have produced an unexpected side-effect - resistance to the deadly HIV/Aids virus. Professor Christopher Duncan and Dr Susan Scott have already caused shockwaves among historians with their claim that the Black Death was caused...
  • Plague Infected Humans Much Earlier Than Previously Thought

    10/24/2015 6:14:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | October 22, 2015 | Joseph Caputo of Cell Press
    Y. pestis was the notorious culprit behind the sixth century's Plague of Justinian, the Black Death, which killed 30%-50% of the European population in the mid-1300s, and the Third Pandemic, which emerged in China in the 1850s. Earlier putative plagues, such as the Plague of Athens nearly 2,500 years ago and the second century's Antonine Plague, have been linked to the decline of Classical Greece and the undermining of the Roman army. However, it has been unclear whether Y. pestis could have been responsible for these early epidemics because direct molecular evidence for this bacterium has not been obtained from...
  • The Mutant Genes Behind the Black Death

    10/09/2015 5:00:58 PM PDT · by LibWhacker · 23 replies
    Quanta Magazine ^ | 10/6/15 | Carrie Arnold
    The Mutant Genes Behind the Black Death Only a few genetic changes were enough to turn an ordinary stomach bug into the bacteria responsible for the plague. Pieter Bruegel the ElderThe Triumph of Death (1562), by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. By: Carrie ArnoldOctober 6, 2015 Comments (1) Download PDF Print Each year, 4 million people visit Yosemite National Park in California. Most bring back photos, postcards and an occasional sunburn. But two unlucky visitors this summer got a very different souvenir. They got the plague.This quintessential medieval disease, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis and transmitted most often by fleabites,...
  • Peasant Revolt Hits London

    08/10/2015 10:29:06 AM PDT · by 11th_VA · 35 replies
    New Historian ^ | June 13, 2015 | Daryl Worthington
    The 13th June marks the anniversary of the day Wat Tyler led the Peasant’s Revolt of 1381 into London. The English capital descended into chaos as the peasants burnt and looted the city, cementing the revolt as the most significant peasant uprising in the feudal period of English history. Originating in the South-East of England, it was when the revolt reached London that its significance became apparent. The peasants went on to capture the Tower of London, a feat which had never been done before. Two powerful figures, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the King’s Treasurer, were killed by the...
  • Why Halley's Comet May Be Linked to Famine 1,500 Years Ago

    12/20/2013 6:21:32 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 34 replies
    livescience.com ^ | December 18, 2013 07:53am ET | Mike Wall, Senior Writer |
    A piece of the famous Halley's comet likely slammed into Earth in A.D. 536, blasting so much dust into the atmosphere that the planet cooled considerably, a new study suggests. This dramatic climate shift is linked to drought and famine around the world, which may have made humanity more susceptible to "Justinian's plague" in A.D. 541-542 — the first recorded emergence of the Black Death in Europe. The new results come from an analysis of Greenland ice that was laid down between A.D. 533 and 540. The ice cores record large amounts of atmospheric dust during this seven-year period, not...