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Keyword: biofuel

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  • Shell, Virent start production at biofuel demonstration plant

    03/24/2010 10:27:55 AM PDT · by thackney · 7 replies · 195+ views
    Oil & Gas Journal ^ | 3/23/10 | Paula Dittrick
    Royal Dutch Shell PLC and Virent Energy Systems Inc. started production at a Madison, Wis., demonstration plant converting plant sugars into gasoline blend components. The 10,000 gal/year-capacity demonstration plant is the latest step in a joint research and development effort by the two companies (OGJ, Dec. 8, 2008, p. 26). Virent’s gasoline blend component will be used for engine testing and fleet testing. Currently, the demonstration plant uses beet sugar as its feedstock although it can be reconfigured to use various feedstocks, executives said. The resulting product can be blended to make conventional gasoline or combined with gasoline containing ethanol....
  • U.S. Drafts Plan to Boost Use of Biofuels

    02/03/2010 2:39:46 PM PST · by PilotDave · 31 replies · 384+ views
    Wall Street Journal ^ | FEBRUARY 3, 2010, | SIOBHAN HUGHES
    The group nodded to concerns that were raised two years ago about the risks that the expanding ethanol industry was pushing up food prices by taking over land used for growing food. The group said that "more intensive, multiple-year management strategies could be used to get greater production from the same amount of land, and thus reduce pressure to expand production onto environmentally sensitive or marginally viable lands."
  • Using biofuel in cars 'may accelerate loss of rainforest'

    01/28/2010 7:07:05 PM PST · by TigerLikesRooster · 14 replies · 471+ views
    The Times(UK) ^ | 01/29/10 | Ben Webster
    Using biofuel in cars 'may accelerate loss of rainforest' Ben Webster, Environment Editor Harvesting of palm oil, the production of which is leading to loss of rainforest Using biofuel in vehicles may be accelerating the destruction of rainforest and resulting in higher greenhouse gas emissions than burning pure petrol and diesel, a watchdog said yesterday. The Renewable Fuels Agency also warned that pump prices could rise in April because of the Government’s policy of requiring fuel companies to add biofuel to petrol and diesel. More than 1.3 million hectares of land — twice the area of Devon — was used...
  • The unintended ripples from the biomass subsidy program

    01/10/2010 3:35:15 PM PST · by neverdem · 13 replies · 1,000+ views
    Washington Post ^ | January 10, 2010 | Juliet Eilperin
    It sounded like a good idea: Provide a little government money to convert wood shavings and plant waste into renewable energy. But as laudable as that goal sounds, it could end up causing more economic damage than good -- driving up the price of raw timber, undermining an industry that has long used sawdust and wood shavings to make affordable cabinetry, and highlighting the many challenges involved in decreasing the nation's dependence on oil by using organic materials to create biofuels. In a matter of months, the Biomass Crop Assistance Program -- a small provision tucked into the 2008 farm...
  • US biofuels policies flawed, study finds

    01/07/2010 12:49:50 PM PST · by thackney · 5 replies · 303+ views
    Oil & Gas Journal ^ | Jan 7, 2010 | Paula Dittrick
    US policymakers need to reconsider the unintended consequences of federal subsidies and tariffs that go to domestic ethanol producers, concluded a study from Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy. A paper on the study results, "Fundamentals of a Sustainable US Biofuels Policy," questions the economic, environmental, and logistical basis for corn-based ethanol. The paper’s authors question whether mandated volumes for biofuels can be met. "We need to set realistic targets for ethanol in the United States instead of just throwing taxpayer money out the window," said Amy Myers Jaffe, one of the paper’s several authors. Jaffe is a fellow...
  • Lawmakers back hiking ethanol-gas blends

    12/17/2009 7:37:36 PM PST · by Graybeard58 · 14 replies · 798+ views
    Peoria Journal-Star ^ | Dec 16, 2009 | Karen McDonald
    PEORIA — A bipartisan coalition of members of Congress questions the Environmental Protection Agency's recent decision to delay increasing the ethanol blend wall in gasoline from 10 percent to 15 percent. U.S. Rep. Aaron Schock, R-Peoria, along with six of his colleagues sent a letter to EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson this week. Their letter said the EPA's decision inhibits their ability to improve the quality of fuels and help the nation realize energy independence. "There has been no evidence to demonstrate that the switch to the E-l5 blend will cause damage to vehicles, regardless of the vintage. Further, changing to...
  • How Badly Has Congress Screwed Up Ethanol? And Who Will Bear the Cost?

    11/28/2009 7:32:12 PM PST · by neverdem · 25 replies · 1,342+ views ^ | November 27, 2009 | Brian Faughnan
    Two years ago the Democrats in Congress and the Bush administration got together to deliver a payoff to farmers: they required refiners to use 15 billion gallons of biofuels by 2012. They did not expect that a crashing recession would lead to a reduction in the amount of gasoline the nation consumes - the first such reduction in years. And they also didn’t expect a White House to push so aggressively for higher-mileage vehicle fleets. As a result of the changed circumstance, it looks like it will be impossible for Americans to use that much ethanol. Something has to give....
  • Bacteria turn carbon dixoide into fuel

    11/15/2009 6:10:01 PM PST · by neverdem · 25 replies · 1,481+ views
    Chemistry World ^ | 15 November 2009 | Lewis Brindley
    US researchers have genetically modified bacteria to eat carbon dioxide and produce isobutyraldehyde - a precursor to several useful chemicals, including isobutanol, which has great potential as a fuel alternative to petrol. The modified bacteria are highly efficient and powered by sunlight, so a future goal is to set up colonies near to industrial plants. This would allow greenhouse gases to be recycled into useful chemical feedstock - supplying several hydrocarbons that are typically obtained from petroleum.  Liao and his team used genetically modified cyanobacteria to produce isobutyraldehyde from carbon dioxide Cyanobacteria and microalgae that consume CO2 have been identified for...
  • A Lesson in Biofuels from Tennessee

    11/11/2009 11:07:04 PM PST · by neverdem · 32 replies · 1,422+ views
    American Thinker ^ | November 11, 2009 | Jeffrey Folks
    In 2007, to great fanfare and amid ever-greater expectations, a large-scale demonstration project was initiated to turn switchgrass into biofuel. For an investment of $70 million, the taxpayers of the state of Tennessee were promised a lucrative new industry that would benefit farmers and create thousands of other "green jobs." The project, which was expected to produce five million gallons of biofuel from switchgrass within two years, would soon be fiscally self-sustaining and afford a "significant return" on investment. As the largest switchgrass demonstration project in the country, it was to have been the foundation for a whole new industry....
  • Bio-Fuels.... will the mandate come back?

    11/06/2009 7:47:00 AM PST · by Sorry screen name in use · 8 replies · 479+ views
    Mark Gardner's Blog ^ | 11/6/2009 | Mark Gardner
    It was January 28th 2009 a mire 8 days after Obama was inaugurated. With a stroke of the pen he landed a commanding blow to the bio-fuel companies of America. What a surprise!! Everyone thought Obama was going to be a green president;
  • Food will never be so cheap again

    10/25/2009 7:10:51 PM PDT · by bruinbirdman · 45 replies · 2,395+ views
    The Telegraph ^ | 10/25/2009 | Ambrose Evans-Pritchard
    Biofuel refineries in the US have set fresh records for grain use every month since May. Almost a third of the US corn harvest will be diverted into ethanol for motors this year, or 12pc of the global crop. The world's grain stocks have dropped from four to 2.6 months cover since 2000, despite two bumper harvests in North America. China's inventories are at a 30-year low. Asian rice stocks are near danger level. Yet farm commodities have largely missed out on Bernanke's reflation rally in metals, oil, and everything else. Dylan Grice from Société Générale sees "bargain basement" prices....
  • Biofuel Production Increases Greenhouse Gases In Atmosphere

    10/24/2009 2:27:40 PM PDT · by Sub-Driver · 11 replies · 474+ views
    Biofuel Production Increases Greenhouse Gases In Atmosphere By Noel Sheppard Created 2009-10-24 17:09 For several years, Nobel Laureate Al Gore and his media sycophants have been telling the nation that a movement away from fossil fuels to biofuels is necessary to save the planet from the Left's bogeyman known as global warming. A new study by the Marine Biological Laboratory raises series questions about this premise. According to MBL's Thursday press release [1], "Carbon emissions caused by the displacement of food crops and pastures may be twice as much as those from lands devoted to biofuels production." Beyond this, "increased...
  • DOD orders Jet Bio fuel

    10/02/2009 7:11:27 AM PDT · by larry hagedon · 67 replies · 2,063+ views
    Biofuels Digest ^ | October 02, 2009 | Jim Lane
    Sustainable Oils, Solazyme, Cargill to supply 600,000 gallons of jet biofuel to US military In Washington, the US Air Force has ordered a total of 400,000 gallons of renewable biofuels from Sustainable Oils, Cargill and Solazyme for testing as a military aviation fuel. the companies, in turn, will use UOP’s processing technology to convert oil from camelina, algae and animal fats into renewable jet fuel. According to UOP, fuel will be delivered in 2009 and 2010 to support flight certification and testing efforts. Combined with a 190,000 gallon US Navy order recently placed for algal fuels, using feedstock provided by...
  • Biofuels Not So Friendly to Gulf of Mexico

    09/25/2009 3:39:27 PM PDT · by neverdem · 14 replies · 1,157+ views
    ScienceNOW Daily News ^ | 21 September 2009 | Robert F. Service
    Enlarge ImageGrowing problem. Increasing reliance on biofuels is expected to further deplete dissolved oxygen in the Gulf of Mexico. Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio The push to ramp up biofuel production may reduce oil imports, but it's likely to come at a high environmental cost: It will boost the size of the Gulf of Mexico's dead zone, a huge swath so depleted of oxygen that almost nothing can live there, according to a new analysis. The gulf's dead zone is already a major environmental problem. First spotted in 1971, it now spans 14,600 square kilometers, or...
  • Genetically modified rutabagas seen as new source of biofuel

    08/19/2009 12:41:27 PM PDT · by theruleshavechanged · 29 replies · 1,083+ views
    Washington Examiner ^ | 08-9-2009 | David Runk
    Even if rutabagas aren't widely grown in the U.S. for people to eat, rutabagas for biofuel could edge out other food crops. "If you were to dedicate hundreds of thousands of acres to produce rutabaga for the biofuel sector, in all likelihood farmers would be changing what crops are currently being cultivated on those lands," Faber said. That could make it a "game changer" in the biofuel industry, he said.

    08/19/2009 6:15:35 AM PDT · by decimon · 25 replies · 989+ views
    Ohio State University ^ | August 19, 2009 | Pam Frost Gorder
    COLUMBUS, Ohio -- Engineers at Ohio State University have found a way to double the production of the biofuel butanol, which might someday replace gasoline in automobiles. The process improves on the conventional method for brewing butanol in a bacterial fermentation tank. Normally, bacteria could only produce a certain amount of butanol -- perhaps 15 grams of the chemical for every liter of water in the tank -- before the tank would become too toxic for the bacteria to survive, explained Shang-Tian Yang, professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at Ohio State. Yang and his colleagues developed a mutant strain...
  • Biota’s new flu drug ‘as effective as 10 doses of tamiflu’

    08/15/2009 7:57:22 PM PDT · by neverdem · 7 replies · 701+ views
    The Commercial Chemist ^ | 14 Aug 2009 | Matt Wilkinson
    Australian pharmaceutical firm, Biota, has said that Phase III trials of its new influenza drug laninamivir (CS-8958) have shown that a single inhaled dose of the drug was as effective as 10 doses of Roche’s Tamiflu administered orally over a 5 day period. The drug is a second generation neuraminidase inhibitor and is based on zanamivir, the active ingredient in Relenza, which Biota sold to GlaxoSmithKline. The study was conducted by Japanese pharma firm Daiichi Sankyo, which co-owns the drug, and included 1000 patients that had confirmed, naturally acquired influenza A or B. Preclinical studies have shown laninamivir to be...
  • EERC Awarded Subcontract to Help Produce 100% Jet Fuel from Algae

    07/28/2009 7:21:41 AM PDT · by Reeses · 28 replies · 435+ views
    Renewable Energy ^ | July 28, 2009 |
    The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota has been awarded a subcontract by Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) to help produce jet fuel from algae. The effort is being funded by the U.S. Department of Defense's (DoD) Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and is a continuation of the first successful production of 100% renewable fuel for the U.S. military by the EERC. Under a previous DARPA contract, the EERC advanced the development of a feedstock-flexible process that can utilize various crop oil feedstocks to produce combinations of renewable jet fuel, diesel and naphtha...
  • Houston Company Makes Gasoline out of Lawn Waste (We may have a true winner here)

    07/15/2009 7:14:27 AM PDT · by Freeport · 43 replies · 2,062+ views
    DailyTech ^ | July 14, 2009 10:56 AM | Jason Mick
    Biofuels are a controversial topic. Some support switching to using natural gas (primarily methane), a substance that is in great abundance in America. Others, particularly corn farmers and the U.S. Department of Agriculture suggest switching to an ethanol-based economy. Still others advocate using sugar cane in more limited ethanol or biodiesel deployments. All of these approaches, though, share fundamental inefficiencies -- they require a car engine redesign to full take advantage of them. Modern dual mode vehicles can lose 15 percent or more efficiency. Houston, Texas-based Terrabon believes they have the answer. They have refined and improved on a Texas...
  • Switchgrass Benefits are Greatly Underestimated (Biofuels)

    05/23/2009 9:19:32 PM PDT · by cogitator · 11 replies · 1,451+ views
    Biofuel Daily ^ | May 22, 2009 | Staff Writers
    Energy crop company Ceres has announced that switchgrass can produce substantially more biomass than previously reported and that average yields often used by academics and policymakers to forecast bioenergy economics and environmental benefits may, in fact, be far too conservative. The company reported that yield results from its nation-wide network of field trials showed that average biomass yields among switchgrass seed varieties tested last season were as much as 50% more than the government's projected yields for 2022. Proprietary varieties sold under the company's Blade Energy Crops brand were consistently the highest yielding varieties across multiple trial locations, with average...