yes - we live in a rural poor area.
I see alot of what this article describes, but 99% here are white
Can those poor whites use affirmative action laws and policies?
Do they get extra weight added to their applications because they are white?
I was going to say, “fatherlessness” would be the common denominator in student failure, not minority status or ethnicity or “race”.
Now, the correlation between fatherlessness and minority culture is another matter.