Skip to comments.Fragments of Catholic Truth: Human rights and obligations:...their foundation, characteristics?
Posted on 12/21/2012 8:20:41 PM PST by Salvation
What are the sources or inspiration for these subjects?Basically they are inspired by the documents of the Holy See, and in particular by the Catechism of the Catholic Church and its Compendium. This was a deliberate choice so as to create an awareness of the vast richness, completeness and beauty of these documents which are, in some circles, hardly known at all. In this way, it is possible to present the essential and fundamental contents of the faith which are professed, not just by the individual Catholic, but by the Catholic Church throughout the world as it adheres to the Magisterium of the Pope and the bishops. It is this teaching that was willed by Christ himself in order to confirm the faith of individual believers, so that, through the centuries and in various different parts of the world, everyone should profess the one true Catholic and Apostolic Faith.
Why are the topics treated in this work presented in a dialogical way?From an editorial point of view, the arguments are presented in a dialogical manner, that is to say with questions, each of which is followed by a brief response. This dialogical format, while inviting us to continue reading, is born of and remains faithful to a constant and noble catechetical tradition in the history of the Church. It is well known that many catechisms responsible for the faith formation of entire generations used and in a very fruitful way this kind of pedagogical tool. It should not be forgotten that the same Christian faith, a special gift of God, can itself also be described as a continuous dialogue between God with man, and between man and God.
I am also convinced that this approach can help to meet the needs of the todays world, which certainly has an appetite for interviews of a journalistic type, let alone a taste for synthetic sound bites and catchphrases. This may be due in part to the fact that many people nowadays have little time and, even though they say they are Catholics, need to deepen their faith. This lack of time, unfortunately, often leads to religious ignorance, which in turn, results in a widespread relativism, an arbitrary subjectivism and, last but not least, an impressive reduction in mnemonic capacity regarding the contents of faith. This is not only the case in children and young people but also in adults, both in their catechetical journey and in their various and demanding activities and profession.
Why was the sub-title Fragments of Catholic Truth chosen?
The word Fragments was inserted as a sub-title in order to underline the fact that only some of the contents which form the rich and mysterious tapestry of the Catholic Faith, as well some of the challenges that grip the present world, were being presented in this volume. At the same time I would like to stress that, in dealing with each single topic, I do not intend to present all its aspects and contents. For this reason I do not wish due to a lack of space and time to give each subject a comprehensive and complete treatment but merely to offer some suggestions, fragments of reflections.
What is the purpose of this work?It is hoped that it may help people to know the beauty and the importance of the Christian faith that is offered to all in a better way by discussing certain of the issues that characterize our society at this point in time.
For this reason it is aimed at Christians in order to give them the opportunity to know and to deepen certain contents of their faith, and to every person who wishes to know what the Catholic Church, through some of her official documents, believes and lives, with the Lords help.
Rome, 8 April 2009
Anniversary of my ordination to the priesthood
of the Basilica of Saints Ambrose and Charles in Rome
Monsignor Raffaello Martinelli
Human rights and obligations: What are their foundation and characteristics?
What are the International Conventions on human rights?The following are the principal International Conventions:
What are the fundamental human rights?
What is the scope of religious freedom?Religious freedom is to be understood, promoted and defended in all its dimensions, including ritual, worship, education, dissemination of information and the freedom to profess and choose religion. It is inconceivable, then, that believers should have to suppress a part of themselves their faith in order to be active citizens ( ) The full guarantee of religious liberty cannot be limited to the free exercise of worship, but has to give due consideration to the public dimension of religion, and hence to the possibility of believers playing their part in building the social order. Human rights, of course, must include the right to religious freedom, understood as the expression of a dimension that is at once individual and communitarian a vision that brings out the unity of the person while clearly distinguishing between the dimension of the citizen and that of the believer (Benedict XVI, Address to the General Assembly of the United Nations, 18 April 2008).
What is the foundation for human rights?
What is the natural law?The natural law which is inscribed by the Creator on the heart of every person consists in a participation in the wisdom and the goodness of God. It expresses that original moral sense which enables one to discern by reason the good and the bad. It is universal and immutable, and determines the basis of the duties and fundamental rights of the person as well as those of the human community and civil law (Compendium of the CCC, 416).
The natural law is nothing other than the light of intellect infused within us by God. Thanks to this, we know what must be done and what must be avoided. This light or this law has been given by God to creation. It consists in the participation in his eternal law, which is identified with God himself. This law is called natural because the reason that promulgates it is proper to human nature. It is universal. It extends to all people insofar as it is established by reason. In its principal precepts, the divine and natural law is presented in the Decalogue and indicates the primary and essential norms regulating moral life. Its central focus is the act of aspiring and submitting to God, the source and judge of everything that is good, and also the act of seeing others as equal to oneself. The natural law expresses the dignity of the person and lays the foundations of the person's fundamental duties (CDS, 140).
What are the characteristics of human rights?These rights are:
Are human rights connected to justice?Certainly they are. Since rights and the resulting duties follow naturally from human interaction, it is easy to forget that they are the fruit of a commonly held sense of justice built primarily upon solidarity among the members of society, and hence valid at all times and for all peoples. This intuition was expressed as early as the fifth century by Augustine of Hippo, one of the masters of our intellectual heritage. He taught that the saying: Do not do to others what you would not want done to you cannot in any way vary according to the different understandings that have arisen in the world (De Doctrina Christiana, III, 14). Human rights, then, must be respected as an expression of justice, and not merely because they are enforceable through the will of the legislators (Benedict XVI , Address to the General Assembly of the United Nations, 18 April 2008).
What is the relationship between rights and duties?
Do the rights of Nations exist?The rights of nations are nothing but human rights' fostered at the specific level of community life. A nation has a fundamental right to existence, to its own language and culture, through which a people expresses and promotes ... its fundamental spiritual sovereignty', to shape its life according to its own traditions, excluding, of course, every abuse of basic human rights and in particular the oppression of minorities, to build its future by providing an appropriate education for the younger generation. The international order requires a balance between particularity and universality, which all nations are called to bring about, for their primary duty is to live in a posture of peace, respect and solidarity with other nations (CDS, 157).
Is there any discrepancy between the letter and the spirit in human rights? There exists, unfortunately, some gaps between the letter and the spirit when it comes to human rights to which sometimes merely a pure formal respect is given. There exists in fact a strident contradiction between the solemn proclamation of human rights on the one hand and their actualisation and practical application on the other. We can all attest to the fact that there exists a lamentable reality of violations of human rights of every type and in very many places.
Whose task is it to defend and promote these rights?Every State has the primary duty to protect its own population from grave and sustained violations of human rights, as well as from the consequences of humanitarian crises, whether natural or man-made. If States are unable to guarantee such protection, the international community must intervene with the juridical means provided in the United Nations Charter and in other international instruments. The action of the international community and its institutions, provided that it respects the principles under-girding the international order, should never be interpreted as an unwarranted imposition or a limitation of sovereignty. On the contrary, it is indifference or failure to intervene that do the real damage ( ) The promotion of human rights remains the most effective strategy for eliminating inequalities between countries and social groups, and for increasing security (Benedict XVI , Address to the General Assembly of the United Nations, 18 April 2008).
What is the duty of the Church in relation to human rights?
of the Basilica of Saint Ambrose and Saint Charles
Monsignor Raffaello Martinelli
Catholic Ping for Advent Series.
Fragments of Catholic Truth: I am made in the image of God: What does it mean and what does it involve?
Fragments of Catholic Truth: The Catholic Church and non-Christian religions
Fragments of Catholic Truth: Ecumenism: What is the relationship of the Catholic Church to the Orthodox Churches, and the non-Catholic Christian communities?
Fragments of Catholic Truth: The primacy of Peter: When and how did Christ entrust it to him?
Fragments of Catholic Truth: Yes to Christ, No to the Church?
Fragments of Catholic Truth: The Resurrection of Christ: Why is it the high point of the Christian Faith?
Fragments of Catholic Truth: Jesus Christ: How is he true God and true man?
Fragments of Catholic Truth: Why are the Four Gospels the heart of Christian Faith?
Fragments of Catholic Truth: Evangelisation: why and how?
Fragments of Catholic Truth: Why is it necessary to announce Jesus Christ?
I can’t believe that someone on EWTN would be advocating stealing. Is that what the person said?
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