Skip to comments.Michael Savage Is Wrong About The Bible
Posted on 04/20/2012 7:11:13 AM PDT by WXRGina
Let me be clear: I love Michael Savage. He is a great champion of traditional conservatism and a defender of America and freedom. On most points, I stand shoulder to shoulder with him. However, in his latest book, Trickle Down Poverty (an absolute must read for all freedom-loving Americans) he misrepresents the Bible. In chapter three, page 63, addressing Christian terrorism, he points out that the Koran instructs, smite an infidel and put a knife to his neck, adding, If you look at the Old Testament of the Bible, it has similar edicts. While I agree with his main point, that not all terrorists are Muslims, I take exception to his conclusions about the Bible.
If a terrorist is a Muslim, he can easily find passages in the Koran to justify his actions. One such verse is Sura 8:39 (PICKTHAL): And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is all for Allah. But if they cease, then lo! Allah is Seer of what they do. Muhammads use of the word fight carries the intended meaning of armed combat. There are no similar edicts in the Bible. In order for any self-identified Christian to find similar justification in the Bible, he must twist the meaning of Scripture. That may not be too difficult for Christians who are unfamiliar with the Old Testament (the Tanakh or Jewish Bible), and I agree with Savages statement that most Christians dont even read the Old Testament.
MURDER FOR MORAL OFFENSES
However, continuing on page 63 of Trickle Down Tyranny, Savage writes, Read Leviticus, which is unbelievably full of murder for moral offenses. The first error Savage makes is like comparing apples to oranges. The reason the Koran gives for fighting or killing infidels (unbelievers, non-Muslims) is that they refuse to convert to Islam. The reason Levitical law called for the death penalty, was for Gods punishment for sin (The wages of sin is death Romans 6:3), not for refusing to be Jewish or Christian.
Another error he makes is judging Old Testament laws (written more than 3,000 years ago) through the filter of 21st century sensibilities. One must not look at Levitical crimes and punishment the same way we would look at the American system of jurisprudence. They are different systems of different times and of different origins one human, one divine. I also dont want to get bogged down in an argument over the death penalty being called murder. But there is a reason the God of the Bible prescribed such a severe penalty for adultery, homosexuality and other offenses. This reason becomes clear when you study the Bible and understand the special relationship between Israel and the God of the Bible (YHWH, the Tetragrammaton, also called Adonai, LORD and Elohim).
Biblical Israel was a theocracy. It wasnt a secular republic. In the United States today, even though Bible-believing Christians consider adultery and homosexuality sins, society does not. Believers cannot take it upon themselves to punish sinners. Thats Gods job, not ours. While the foundation of American morals are Biblical, our legal system is secular, and has increasingly moved away from Biblical values. The Bible doesnt give us permission to mete out justice in the name of God, but in ancient Israel, God did. He specifically instructed punishments for all crimes committed by his chosen people, including moral offenses, under the direct authority of leaders who were in charge of maintaining both religious and legal standards.
Strict laws and harsh punishments were intended to preserve Israel as Gods own pure and holy people. Leviticus 20:14 gives the reason for the death penalty in cases of sexual immorality as, so that no wickedness will be among you. Similarly, for stubborn rebelliousness, in Deuteronomy 21:21 (CJB) it says, stone him to death; in this way you will put an end to such wickedness among you This zero tolerance for sin came about because in the eyes of the LORD, those who lived in the Promised Land before Israel were so morally degenerate that God chose to use Israel as an instrument of his judgement against them. As Moses said, After the LORD your God has driven them out before you, do not say to yourself, The LORD has brought me here to take possession of this land because of my righteousness. No, it is on account of the wickedness of these nations that the LORD is going to drive them out before you (Deuteronomy 9:4). God was not about to rid the land of wicked people, only to have them replaced by more wicked people.
Leviticus 20:26 says, Rather, you people are to be holy for me; because I, Adonai [the LORD], am holy; and I have set you apart from the other peoples, so that you can belong to me (CJB). Perhaps Savage thinks this compares to Sharia law, but while he may be correct in terms of the apparent harshness of these two systems, the God of the Bible had redeemed (bought back) Israel from their slavery in Egypt, and they were now his (You have led in your steadfast love the people whom you have redeemed; you have guided them by your strength to your holy abode. Exodus 15:13 (ESV). The primary purpose of the Torah was to teach the people to love the LORD and put into practice justice, righteousness, holiness and grace Gods own qualities. The LORD desired to lift up Israel to be a holy, obedient nation, not force them into submission by cruel, repressive measures. So, in order to fulfill the promise he made to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, God made a very unique offer to Israel.
God made a covenant (a binding legal agreement) with Israel, to which Israel agreed. He promised to give them a bountiful land of their own, and he promised them a special relationship to him as his chosen people, with eternal blessings of safety, abundance, countless descendants, disease-free health, happiness and contentedness. Israel accepted the terms of the covenant and promised to do the one thing that God required: faithfully obey the LORD. In order to make sure the people knew exactly what he wanted, God instructed Moses to write down all the laws he expected them to obey. He also gave detailed instructions to Moses on how they should worship and how they should not worship. Exodus 19:8 records, The people all responded together, We will do everything the LORD has said. Understanding better than anyone else that humans struggle with sin, the LORD set up a system of sacrifices to pay for those sins.
In Gods eyes, To obey is better than sacrifice (1 Samuel 15:22), but humans tend to lean on sacrifice because it gives them some wiggle room, something like saying a number of Hail Marys and then youre guilt-free. But the LORD listed some offenses so egregious that the only appropriate penalty was the death of the transgressor. The death penalty targeted willful rebellion against Gods authority the conscious decision not to obey God and it was the necessary last resort to keep his chosen Israel purged of all wickedness.
Numbers 35:33-34 directs, Do not pollute the land where you are. Bloodshed pollutes the land, and atonement cannot be made for the land on which blood has been shed, except by the blood of the one who shed it. You shall not defile the land in which you live, in the midst of which I dwell, for I the LORD dwell in the midst of the people of Israel. Idolatry and Sexual depravity also defiled the land. Chapter 18 of Leviticus lists many such sexual sins and then says, Do not defile yourselves in any of these ways, because this is how the nations that I am going to drive out before you became defiled. Even the land was defiled; so I punished it for its sin, and the land vomited out its inhabitants for all these things were done by the people who lived in the land before you, and the land became defiled. And if you defile the land, it will vomit you out as it vomited out the nations that were before you. (verses 24, 25, 27 & 28).
Basically, the LORDs plan was this: Because I am Holy and I dwell with you in a holy land, you must be a holy people. Gods laws, and his expectation of obedience are explained and repeated throughout the written Torah (also called the books of Moses or the Pentateuch: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy). I wont presume to speak for Jews, but one detail overlooked by many Christians is the fact that God not only promised tremendous blessings for Israel (if they were careful to obey all his commands), but he promised them equally tremendous curses if they did not. You can read about the blessings and the curses in chapters 11, 27 and 28 of Deuteronomy.
See, I set before you today life and prosperity, death and destruction. For I command you today to love the LORD your God, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commands, decrees and laws; then you will live and increase, and the LORD your God will bless you in the land you are entering to possess. But if your heart turns away and you are not obedient, and if you are drawn away to bow down to other gods and worship them, I declare to you this day that you will certainly be destroyed. Deuteronomy 30:16-18
As things turned out, Israel was disobedient from the very start. And with the exception of a few rulers who brought Israel back to faithfulness for short periods of time, Israel stubbornly continued in idolatry, sexual immorality and the spilling of innocent blood for much of its history. Eventually the LORD brought about all his curses down upon Israel, as a judgement for their rebellion against him. But their punishment wasnt forever. Theyve paid their debt to God. And the story has a happy ending. From Israel came Jesus. Prophecies tell us that Israel will one day receive untold blessings of prosperity, peace and security this time at the behest of the Messiah. I can hardly wait.
Christians who havent studied the Old Testament tend to have a simpler, shallower understanding of the foundations of their faith, than those who have studied it. There is a deep connection between the Old and New Testaments. Remember, Jesus was a Jew, his first followers were Jews, almost all of the New Testament writers were Jews and Jesus himself came to fulfill the Jewish teachings (Torah). But before God sent his only begotten Son (first to the Jews, then to everyone else Romans 1:16) he chose Israel to be his very own. He wanted a holy relationship with his chosen people, and he wanted to live among them.
As Moses said in Deuteronomy 29:29, The secret things belong to the LORD our God, but the things revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may follow all the words of this law (emphasis added). That means God revealed himself to Israel (and to the world) so they (and we) would be equipped to obey his teachings. The purpose of the law is to glorify God, not to satisfy human desires, and not to satisfy the wisdom of men. Yet the human intellect wants to demand that God explain himself according human wisdom. But God is not answerable to us. We are answerable to him.
Coming from the wisdom of men, there is a movement today which embraces Islam as an Abrahamic religion. The basic assumption of this movement is that Jews, Christians and Muslims all worship the same God. This assumption implies that Sharia law is comparable to Levitical law. Both assumption and implication are proven false by the fact that the Koran and the Bible present two different descriptions of two different deities. Though many of the same words are used to describe their characteristics (due to the fact that Islam borrows from both Jewish and Christian traditions) Allah is not a god that desires fellowship or intimacy with humans. Unlike the God of the Bible, Allah is unknowable. So too, Islam is more about vengeance than redemption. My sole reason for this comparison is to clarify differences between the source of Sharia law and the source of Levitical law. Dont be deceived into thinking they are the same, they are not morally equivalent.
NO SURVIVORS WERE LEFT
To me, a more compelling argument for the Bible teaching the use of terrorism would be to address those passages in the Old Testament which record Israel wiping out entire cities of non-Jews at the LORDs command. In those cases, men, women and children were mercilessly slaughtered. Even animals, buildings, belongings and fields were destroyed, and no booty was allowed to be taken, if God commanded it. There is no denying that these were ruthless attacks.
But it wasnt terrorism. It was Gods judgement on his specified enemies. Repeated throughout the written Torah are the names of the peoples God aimed to dispossess from the Promised Land. The list is once again given in Joshua 3:10: This is how you will know that the living God is among you and that he will certainly drive out before you the Canaanites, Hittites, Hivites, Perizzites, Girgashites, Amorites and Jebusites. These were the inhabitants of the land who practiced every form of idolatry and sexual perversion even the religious practice of burning children alive as a sacrifice to their god.
After the LORD miraculously brought the walls of Jericho down, Joshua 6:21 records, They destroyed with the sword every living thing in it men and women, young and old, cattle, sheep and donkeys. The justification of killing children is beyond our ability to understand, but interestingly, children are not specifically mentioned here. Neither are they mentioned in Ai, the next city Israel destroyed. Twelve thousand men and women fell that day all the people of Ai (Joshua 8:25). Unlike at Jericho, the Israelites were allowed to carry off plunder and livestock from Ai. Perhaps children were considered plunder. If so, they would have become slaves. As it was, aliens did live among the Israelites. And as a side note, Mosaic law required the just treatment of slaves and aliens.
Later, in chapter 10 of Joshua, more cities are described as totally destroyed, with no survivors. So we see a pattern of destruction that is overwhelming. However, emphasizing that these were attacks of conquest, to the extent that Israel obeyed Gods commands, he certainly did drive out the existing inhabitants. However, when Israel broke faith with Gods purposes, the LORD withdrew his hand and allowed his enemies to gather their strength and win battles. All of Israels military victories were due to their obedience, and all their defeats were due to their disobedience.
Joshua 13:2-5 lists the land that Israel still had not possessed through conquest. Several of the listed areas wouldnt be conquered for hundreds of years later, when David was King. And some of those areas are still in hot contention to this day, such as the East Bank, the Gaza Strip and the Golan heights all stemming from ancient Israels lapses in obedience.
I am by no means saying I could have obeyed any better. Trying to put myself into that situation, the idea of having to kill the civilian inhabitants of a whole city becomes unbearable. I certainly wouldnt want to be the instrument of Gods judgement. But I am forced to recall the judgements that befell ancient Israel, itself, at the hands of the Babylonians, Persians, Seleucids, Romans and others. The history of civilization and war is chocked full of atrocity and cruelty. An awful lot of that has been going on in our own time, too, including the grizzly machete slaying of a whole village in Murleland, in the South Sudan.
More than 3,000 years ago the Bible was still being written. The harsh judgements of the Bible, such as the earth opening up and swallowing the guilty (Numbers 16:32), or Israel being commanded to wipe out entire cities, were recorded for our benefit. 1 Corinthians 10:11 puts it this way: These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come. Bible believers are able to learn from Israels history.
The Old Testament is intended to teach us not to repeat the mistakes of the past. Neither Christians nor Jews believe we are to act out battles of the Old Testament. The Bible teaches us to live at peace with our fellow-man, not to fight them because they arent believers. Thats where freedom of speech comes in. We want to tell others about what the Bible teaches. And we want to be free about discussing matters of faith not issue fatwas calling for the death of those who disagree with us.
The LORDs commands to kill entire cities in the Old Testament were directed to specific people at specific times, during specific circumstances (the conquest of the Promised Land). The Korans instructions to fight or kill the infidel are directed generally to any non-believer, any time, any place. The Bible has no similar edict to the Korans Kill the infidel. Sure, extremists and terrorists can come from any religious background. But the foundation of Christianity (the Bible) does not foster terrorism. The Koran does. These two holy books are as different as night and day. In fact, the one leads to the light, while the other leads into darkness.
I didn’t even catch Mr. Day’s typo of “Trickle Down Poverty” in the first paragraph. We all know he means “Tyranny.”
God did not allow King David to build His temple:
I Chronicles 28:2-3
Then King David rose to his feet and said, "Hear me, my brethren and my people: I [had] it in my heart to build a house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and for the footstool of our God, and had made preparations to build it.
"But God said to me, 'You shall not build a house for My name, because you [have been] a man of war and have shed blood.'
. . . . . . . . ..
I agree with the author. I'm the FR founder of the Michael Savage daily thread, and I agree that Savage is very uninformed and incorrect about the difference between the Bible and the Koran.
The article says it well, but I wanted to mention King David, because when God refused to allow David to build the temple, God was showing that the Old Testament warfare, bloodshed and killing was SPECIFIC and LIMITED, it was not meant to be continual and ongoing.
A thoroughly enjoyable explanation.
I’m no biblical scholar, but since the Christian bible contains the five books making up the Torah, wouldn’t Mr Savage’s charge also apply to it, as well?
Oh, really? He supports California governor Jerry Brown, who is anything but a champion of traditional conservatism and a defender of America and freedom.
1. God is always a just Judge. His judgements are absolutely fair and exacting. His rewards and punishments are always fully deserved.
2. We humans may not see it that way, but we have no standing to judge God. If we read the OT and are horrified, the problem lies with us, not God.
3. In the OT, Israel (among other nations) acted as the instrument of God's judgement. Not one sin was committed by the Israelites carrying out God's commands, even when they slew women and children (see 1 and 2 above). Rather they sinned when they were disobedient and allowed the objects of judgement to live.
4. In the age since Christ, the Church acts as the instrument of God's grace. The church is not in the judgement business-yet. Yet the church is not without authority: what the church looses on earth will be loosed in heaven and what the church binds on earth will be bound in heaven.
Savage does not support Jerry Brown any longer, and he has repeatedly said so.
I think people are given to make broad generalizations when it proves to be less taxing than actually verifying what it is they say. I would think it very difficult to read the New Testament (in context) without having read the Old Testament. But, that’s just my opinion.
I think Michael Savage is right about the existence of the edicts in the OT. The author misses some of the verses in Deuteronomy which call for death to those who worship other gods. These verses were the reason for the Crusades and Inquisitions by the Catholics.
Let us not confuse the two cultures with the two religions. As far as the cultures go, the Arabs are still in the era of barbarism while the West has progressed. To pan Michael Savage for pointing out the similarities in the religious angle is incorrect. Savage is one of the more independent voices in the media.
“something like saying a number of Hail Marys and then youre guilt-free.. Or putting your finger on a randomly chosen Bible verse /s.
“something like saying a number of Hail Marys and then youre guilt-free.. Or putting your finger on a randomly chosen Bible verse /s.
Savage fails to point out that whereas Judaism and Christianity are progressive revelations, where God reveals himself in the travails of his Elect, Islam remains in the mode of Joshua, the prophet and general. Allah is a despot; Christ is a servant. Allah is merciful and compassionate, but only to those who submit. But he does not enter covenant with his people, he does not suffer for them. Christ is the first-born; he leads from the front and places himself in peril. Allah stands beyond the horizon.
Need your expertise on this thread Ping!
While we essentially agree with the author, we would explain it differently. See our article:
As the two religions share the same template (holy books, one god, prophets and war on heretics), I think it is important to ask the reasons for the similarities.
You are hopelessly out of date on your info there.
“I think Michael Savage is right about the existence of the edicts in the OT.”
Those OT “edicts” were TEMPORARY, not permanent.
The Koranic call to Jihad is ongoing.
Your explanation might pass in a college-level comparative religions course taught by a liberal, but Jesus Christ and Mohammed were two different people.
That is crucial.
(Yes, pun intended.)
Your comparative religions course might know Campbell, but it doesn't know Yahweh.
I like a lot of what Savage has to say...but I’ve heard enough to come to the conclusion that his theology is not Christian. He may call himself Christian, I don’t know. However, calling oneself a Christian doesn’t make it so. There are enough examples around to prove that point.
“One had the European culture overlaid on it and the other has the Arab culture overlaid on it.”
WHAT built classic “European culture”?
It was Jesus Christ teaching Europe through the Bible!!!
WHAT built classic “Arab culture”???
It was Mohammed teaching Arabia through the KORAN!!!
Jesus REDEEMED European culture.
Mohammed further DEGRADED Arabic culture.
Through your lens, maybe. For the Christian, the Bible is to be looked at as a whole revelation , as a mans life must be. The true image of God is Jesus Christ. Mohammed fastened on the image of God as understood by desert Jews, and he was himself a man of the desert. Like the old Sadducees, he accepted the Torah alone. Even the pharisees with whom Jesus clashed, went far beyond this understanding. The teachings of Jesus about God did not spring from the void, but are anticipated in the wisdom books—many of which btw are not in the Protestant Bible. I invite you to read Sirach.
Swell thread. Thanks for posting.
If you’re not a Dennis Prager fan, you should be.
Savage gave the maximum allowable contribution to Jerry Brown—and Brown was running against a conservative Republican. Sorry, but I prefer real conservatives like Mark Levin.
This is the most important fact and needs to be emphasized. If you study the 12th Imam that is supposed to come from the bowels of the earth because the Muslims have caused so much chaos and murder, versus Jesus, Who comes down from Heaven to crush the Beast, it become clear to me that Islam worships the Beast and no God. There are several mentions in the Bible about The Trinity, and a big contention with Islam is the difference with their Allah. If you believe Jesus was the Fleshly representation of God on Earth, then you can never square that with the Islamic teaching that Jesus wasn't the Son of God, He isn't the pathway to Heaven, and the Statement that "I and the Father are One" are blasphemy. Revelations talks of a beast coming from the Earth and Christians are taught he is a liar and murderer. Muslims believe this will be their savior. Muslims worship Satan, if you believe them and the Bible. They freely admit if they cause enough chaos and murder, Allah will come and rule on Earth. If Jews are God's chosen people, and Muslims want them dead, what proof do you need that they are not of God?
There are many examples in the Bible that prove Allah is not the God of the Bible. To keep pretending that we all worship the same God is impossible. Either the Bible is true or the Koran is true. It can't be both.
The “nation” may be interested in this thread!
Frankly, I'm glad our local talk radio station took him off their schedule. He was on during my evening drive, and I usually ended up changing the station or putting in a CD.
Dr. Savage is Jewish, and he does not call himself a Christian. He does not recognize Jesus as Messiah.
You are mistaken because Philippines and Mexico are Christian nations but they are not European in character. Culture is more than religion. It includes the attitudes and traditions of the people as well.
Until the Protestant Reformation, Christianity meant the Catholic church and it did not exactly distinguish itself. Crusades were like Jihads. Let us not confuse today's situation with the entire history of Christianity.
Whether they are temporary or permanent depends on the people who decide to implement them. Many of the edicts are identical since they come from the same source. If you take the Bible in a literal sense, you have to consider the edicts permanent. 500 years ago, the Catholic church behaved in pretty much the same way the Muslims behave today.
If you observe the behavior of the people of different races who share either a neighborhood or the workplace, you will see that race and language play a much larger role than religion. Bosnian Muslims will gravitate towards other Europeans and hang out with them and not with Arab Muslims. In a foreign land, black Muslims from the US feel at home with white Christians from the US despite the rants of Louis Farrakhan. In a similar situation Filipino Christians gravitate towards Malaysian Muslims if the only other people are European Christians.
Michael Savage understands this point very well when he talks of Borders, Language, Culture.
This kind of moral equivalence we have seen spewn from the left. I don't listen to Savage, so I do not know what his political leanings are.
If such language existed in the Bible, Savage should supply it. But I suspect he is sloppily equating God's command to the Children of Israel to take the promised land with radical Islamic "Terrorism." The Jews were commanded to kill (almost without exception) every living thing--humans and animals. God is just. The Jews failed to do as God commanded and allowed evil to remain in their midst and it turned their hearts from God, evetually leading God to abandon Israel (the curse part of "the blessing and the curse" -- Deut 29:18-28).
There are no such commands from God to "conquer the land" today with force of arms. The seed of promise (Jesus Christ) has come. And we are charged with preaching the gospel to all nations. Our battle is not with flesh and blood:
For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. (Ephesians 6:12)
And this is how we are to be "armed":
Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth and having on the breastplate of righteousness; And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace; Above all taking the the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the firey darts of the wicket. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the spirit, which is the word of God. Ephesians 6:14-17)
Parallels with Islam? No way. However, the natural man is blind. So, I am not surprised Savage doesn't see it.
Thanks for the ping, Rock. Interesting take. Old v. New Testament perhaps?
typo of Trickle Down Poverty
I think I heard Doc S. do this himself on his show, haha.
HA, yes, I think I have heard Dr. Savage do that, too. Mr. Mike Day, who wrote this column, didn't catch the mistake (nor did I when I posted it here), but we all knew what he meant. Really good piece Mr. Day wrote.
LOL, easy to say that, but not for the children, infants or animals slain under "divine" authority in 1 Samuel 15:3, for instance. Can animals sin? What did the children do to deserve genocide? By your means of "justification" of such primitive barbarism, even Muslims can claim their Allah to be a just god, whatever that must mean.
It takes extraordinarily stupendous levels of cognitive dissonance to equate that OT god with the protagonist of the NT, when "slay the infants and children, spare no ass! (1 Samuel 15:3)" has to be squared with "turn the other cheek."
And then you have things in the OT mirrored in the Quran such as capturing and keeping women as spoils of war, and so on and so forth, all vile filth that no sane human can justify as moral or necessary.
It seems your knowledge of the Bible and of the Koran (and assoc. hadiths), or one of the two, is sorely lacking. ANYONE who reads both will immediately be impressed by the diametric opposition in them being juxtaposed. There is not only virtually no agreement between the two, they are EXACT opposites of each the other.
The 'god' Allah is *NOT* Almighty YHWH.
More to the point, in every_single_case that I can recall, when YHWH called for the obliteration of a people, that people was descendant from the Nephilim... The Fallen Ones. The less sophisticated means of the 'god' of the Koran is to obliterate everyone who is not muslim.
One was eliminating a problem thoroughly and efficiently.
The other seeks conversion by threat and fear.
The motives are wholly different.
The Crusades were wars to resist jihad and to recover the regions lost to Islam after 632. The first came after the Turks had overrun almost all the Christian Byzantine empire. They failed because after the Fe=rabkish armies had taken over the leading cities of Syria, including Jerusalem, the alliance between them and the Byzantines broke down, and Crusader states were set up which refused to accept the authority of the Emperor. This led ultimately to the tragic Fourth Crusade, which destroyed the Byzantine empire, or reduce it to a shell of itself. So, the Crusades were religious wars like the ones of the 16th and 17th Century which shattered Christian unity. They failed, leaving Southern Eastern Europe to invasion and conquest by the Ottoman Sultans, who not only conquered Constantinople but led armies to the gates of Vienna. As Luther loudly led a German Rebellion against the Holy Roman Emperor and saw the Turkish invasion as a judgement against the West—which in a way it was, a judgement against schism and disunity in the Church—The Emperor Charles managed to hold onto Vienna. Not for another generation, after the Turks were defeated at Lepanto, was the Turkish advance halted. Not until 1876, was the Turkish conquest of Southeastern Europe reversed and the Christian peoples given their freedom.
So I guess the exact analogy would be the Inquisitions.
Or star-chamber courts in England.
Inquisitions rather than massacres. Which would you have? The Albi in southern France were the equivalent of the Mormons in the United States, except far more radical. The pope sent in crusaders to put them down. The Inquisitions were courts set up to regularize the repression. Of course,suppression has bad, bad long term consequences. The Huguenot had their greatest support in the same region; the Jacobins their greatest strength outside of Paris. No bad deed goes unpunished. In Spain, after the Reconquista had recovered Spain from the Moors, the Jews and Moors remaining were forced to convert, mostly in the same way that Christians and Jews were in Muslim lands, or Protestants in Catholic lands or Catholics in Protestant countries, by economic and social disadvantages. The Inquistion was a result of the final unification of Spain. I suggest you read Henry Kamens book on the Inquisition.
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