Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

German Paper Reporting That Charles Lindbergh Led a Double Life.
dpa / Yahoo Deutschland ^ | August 1, 2003 | dpa / Yahoo Deutschland

Posted on 08/01/2003 2:02:20 PM PDT by longjack

Friday, August 1st, 2003, 18:39

Charles Lindbergh Led Double Life With Munich Woman

Munich (dpa) - Charles Lindbergh, who became a hero after his non-stop flight from New York to Paris in 1927, led a double life according to a report in the "Süddeutsche Zeitung". The paper wrote in its Saturday edition that in 1957 the American Lindbergh learned to know and to love the 24 year younger hat maker, Brigitte Hesshaimer, in Munich . It was a close relationship which lasted until Lindbergh's death in 1974.

Lindbergh's wife seems to have known nothing about the second family in Munich, says the "SZ". After the death of their mother two years ago, Lindbergh's German children have now decided to talk about it for the first time. Dyrk, Astrid and David shall have known their father for a long time only under the pseudonym Careu Kent. They were born between 1958 and 1967, on their birth certificates stand "Father unknown".

The children suspected, according to the "SZ", that "Careu" had to have another name and that possibly he was famous. Lindbergh's daughter, Astrid Bouteuil, nee Hesshaimer, told the newspaper how she first learned the identity of her father by accident as an adult.

In the attic of her mother's house in Ammersee, Upper Bavaria, she discovered more than 100 letters by her father, mostly hand written, signed with C., like Careu or Charles. He wrote in one of these letters about "our children". A document analysis contracted by The "SZ" proves that the letters came from Lindbergh. (The report was available to the dpa in editorial form)

"Yahoo Deutschland"....Charles Lindbergh führte Doppelleben mit Münchnerin

Translated by longjack


TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; Germany; Miscellaneous; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: charleslindbergh; france; germany; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; lindbergh
Yahoo - Germany picked this up from the German press service [dpa]. The "Süddeutsche Zeitung" [Southern Germany Newspaper], out of Stuttgart, is a reputable newspaper, not a boulevard newspaper or scandal sheet.

I thought this was interesting enough to translate.

longjack

1 posted on 08/01/2003 2:02:20 PM PDT by longjack
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: longjack
Sort of adds a new twist to the term "Lucky Lindy!"
2 posted on 08/01/2003 2:17:14 PM PDT by NavyCaptain
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: longjack
Thanks for the translation.
3 posted on 08/01/2003 2:20:44 PM PDT by hoosiermama (.Prayers for all)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: longjack
This is interesting. Did the father of these children ever visit them, or did he just visit their mother long enough to impregnate her three times?
4 posted on 08/01/2003 2:23:31 PM PDT by ValerieUSA
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: NavyCaptain
How old would have Lindbergh been in 1957? Do you know?

I'm figuring he was in his 20's when he made the flight in 1927. He may have been in his 60's in 1968 when his last German Child was born.

Ammersee is a pretty ritzy place, too, I believe. He most have treated this German girl well.

longjack

5 posted on 08/01/2003 2:24:19 PM PDT by longjack
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: longjack
Except for travel expenses, it wouldn't have been hard to support a family in Bavaria those days. Amazing. Wonder if Lindy went to the Oktoberfest. Probably.
6 posted on 08/01/2003 2:25:36 PM PDT by RightWhale (Destroy the dark; restore the light)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: longjack
And I've long suspected that the author of Lindbergh's The Spirit Of St Louis was Anne Morrow. The Lone Eagle didn't write that well.
7 posted on 08/01/2003 2:26:37 PM PDT by onedoug
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: onedoug
And I've long suspected that the author of Lindbergh's The Spirit Of St Louis was Anne Morrow...

Ditto!

8 posted on 08/01/2003 2:30:27 PM PDT by elbucko
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: longjack
Well, he did admire Hitler.
9 posted on 08/01/2003 2:32:55 PM PDT by RetiredArmy (We'll put a boot in your ass, it's the American Way! Toby Keith)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: ValerieUSA
Did the father of these children ever visit them

I just skimmed the original article in the "Süddeutsche Zeitung".

According to that he was a very caring father, very close to the kids. They mention that they considered it a family like the others, but that their father was often away.

The boy, Dyrk, says he was very close to his father.

I'll post the URL to German readers. If you read German you can see it there.

longjack

10 posted on 08/01/2003 2:33:17 PM PDT by longjack
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: americanbychoice1; An.American.Expatriate; a_Turk; austinTparty; BMCDA; CatoRenasci; demlosers; ...
German Ping.

Süddeutsche Zeitung Article.

"Süddeutsche Zeitung"....Der Amerikaner und die Hutmacherin

longjack

11 posted on 08/01/2003 2:35:14 PM PDT by longjack
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: longjack
He would have been an older guy. I'm 57 and haven't lost interest yet! Hope he treated her well. That's what the gentleman is suppose to do. I also like keeping it under wraps and not hurting his wife or the other girl's children needlessly.
12 posted on 08/01/2003 2:35:40 PM PDT by NavyCaptain
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: longjack
Not especially surprising to see another dark side to this Hitler-worshiper.
13 posted on 08/01/2003 2:37:43 PM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: NavyCaptain
The newspaper story gives a lot of details. He was 55 when he met this girl. She was 31. He met her at her girlfriend's house. Her friend was translating Lindbergh's book.

He was 66 when the last child was born in 1968!

The article portrays a warm image of Lindbergh.

longjack

14 posted on 08/01/2003 2:44:01 PM PDT by longjack
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: NavyCaptain
Hope he treated her well. That's what the gentleman is suppose to do.????????????????????????????


He should have treated his wife as well and been a gentleman from the beginning by being faithful to her.
15 posted on 08/01/2003 2:45:16 PM PDT by cubreporter
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: longjack
Charles Kuralt, we know was a two timing scoundrel, but Charles Lindbergh? tsk tsk But threads like yours rev up my curiosity and I get to find out how much I didn't know, this time about the Lindberghs.

________________________________________________________

"Lindbergh, Charles Augustus, 1902-74, American aviator who made the first solo nonstop transatlantic flight; b. Detroit. An air reserve officer, he astounded the world on May 21, 1927, by landing in Paris after a flight from New York in his Spirit of St. Louis. In the U.S. he received unprecedented acclaim. After the kidnapping and murder of their son in 1932, he and his wife moved to England.

In 1936, Lindbergh collaborated with Alexis CARREL in inventing a perfusion pump (artificial heart). In 1938-39 he advocated U.S. neutrality in a European war; when his speeches were branded as pro-Nazi, he resigned his commission, but later flew combat missions in the Pacific.

His wife, Anne Spencer Morrow Lindbergh, 1906-, b. Englewood, N.J., is a writer. Her works include North to the Orient (1935) and Listen! the Wind (1938), accounts of flights made with her husband; Gift from the Sea (1955), a poetic study of women's problems; and volumes of diaries and letters."(The Concise Columbia Encyclopedia is licensed from Columbia University Press. Copyright © 1995 by Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.)

__________________________________________________________

Anne Morrow Lindbergh Biography Anne Morrow Lindbergh, the widow of aviator and conservationist Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr., was a noted writer and aviation pioneer.

Born June 22, 1906 in Englewood, New Jersey, Anne Morrow Lindbergh was the daughter of businessman, ambassador, and U.S. Senator Dwight Morrow and poet and women's education advocate Elizabeth Cutter Morrow. Her family spent summers at the seashore: Martha's Vineyard, Cape Cod and later on the island of North Haven off the coast of Maine. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Smith College in 1928, and married Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr., on May 27, 1929.

Six children were born to the Lindberghs -- Charles A., III (deceased, 1932), Jon, Land, Anne (deceased, 1993), Scott and Reeve.

Much time during the early years of the Lindberghs' marriage was spent flying. Anne served as her husband's co-pilot, navigator and radio operator on history-making explorations, charting potential air routes for commercial airlines. They made air surveys across the continent and in the Caribbean to pioneer Pan American's air mail service.

In 1931, they journeyed, in a single-engine airplane, over uncharted routes from Canada and Alaska to Japan and China, which she chronicled in her first book, North to the Orient. They then completed, in the same single-engine Lockheed "Sirius," a five-and-one-half-month, 30,000-mile survey of North and South Atlantic air routes in 1933 (the subject of Anne Lindbergh's book, Listen! the Wind). Charles characterized this expedition as more difficult and hazardous than his epic New York-to-Paris flight in 1927 in the "Spirit of St. Louis."

The National Geographic Society awarded its Hubbard Gold Medal to Anne Lindbergh in 1934 for her accomplishments in 40,000 miles of exploratory flying over five continents with her husband. A year earlier, she had been honored with the Cross of Honor of the U.S. Flag Association for her part in the survey of transatlantic air routes. In 1993, Women in Aerospace presented her with a special Aerospace Explorer Award in recognition of her achievements and contributions to the aerospace field.

Anne Morrow Lindbergh was also the first licensed woman glider pilot in the United States.

In addition to North to the Orient and Listen! the Wind, Anne Lindbergh is the author of 11 other published books. They include Earth Shine, in which she wrote of being at Cape Kennedy for the first moon-orbiting flight and how that Apollo 8 flight and the pictures it sent back of Earth gave humankind "a new sense of Earth's richness and beauty;" The Steep Ascent, a novel that tells the story of a perilous flight made by a husband and wife; the inspirational and widely read Gift from the Sea, perhaps her best-known work; and five volumes of diaries and letters from the years 1922-1944.

Smith College, Amherst College, the University of Rochester and Gustavus Adolphus College have all presented honorary degrees to Mrs. Lindbergh. In addition, she has also been inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame, the National Women's Hall of Fame, and the Aviation Hall of Fame of New Jersey. She is also a recipient of the Christopher Award for the fifth volume of her diaries, War Within and Without.

Anne Morrow Lindbergh died February 7, 2001 at her second home in Vermont. "

16 posted on 08/01/2003 3:02:21 PM PDT by YaYa123
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: longjack
How old would have Lindbergh been in 1957? Do you know?

The Sueddeutsche artical says he was 55 in 1957.

17 posted on 08/01/2003 3:12:27 PM PDT by Prodigal Son
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: longjack
Of all people on earth, Lindberg would have seemed to be among the least likely of candidates to lead such a "double life."

It is all the more remarkable because it appears to have been not a fling but an enduring love affair lasting half a lifetime consisting of not one unanticipated pregnancy but in three children whom he loved and provided for, if this account is to be believed.

It has been said on this thread that Lindberg was an admirer of Hitler but I do not think this was strictly true. In any event, he rendered his country courageous if unacknowledged service in active duty, as a civilian out of uniform, against the Japanese. His exploratory flights around the world advanced the commercial air age.
18 posted on 08/01/2003 4:04:47 PM PDT by nathanbedford
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: longjack
Most interesting. Is the woman still alive? Mayhap Anne Morrow was spending too much time writing books - not to be construed as mitigation of the Lone Eagle's sin against her - merely an observation.
19 posted on 08/01/2003 5:12:33 PM PDT by Bedford Forrest (Roger, Contact, Judy, Out. Fox One. Splash one.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Bedford Forrest
Is the woman still alive?

No.

The woman died two years ago. The three children decided to go public recently.

The story is starting to show up on sites like the "Spiegel". The article is kind to Lindbergh and the woman, who came from Rumania and was handicapped from a WWII related illness.

The article says that Anne Morrow had an affair, also, at the same time. Lindbergh didn't know either. The article describes Anne Morrow as 'demanding', and that the marraige was complicated. The article mentions that she was artistically superior to Lindbergh and it angered her that Lindbergh won a pulitzer prize for his autobiography that she basically scripted.

Most of the article relates the devotion the 3 German kids felt for him. The article, I feel, is very kind to Lindbergh. The children are fond of him and do not seem to want to sully his memory. The last time the saw him it was apparent to them when he left that he would not be able return because of his health.

His daughter found hand written letters in the attic of her mom's home. They were analyzed and it was determined Lindbergh was the author. That how they discovered their father was Charles Lindbergh. They were with him often, but did not his real name.

HTH

longjack

20 posted on 08/01/2003 5:44:58 PM PDT by longjack
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 19 | View Replies]

To: nathanbedford
It has been said on this thread that Lindberg was an admirer of Hitler but I do not think this was strictly true

It was. Read your history.

And evidently a bigamist of sorts too. Big surprise.

21 posted on 08/01/2003 6:41:39 PM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 18 | View Replies]

To: Cachelot
Read your history.

I have read a good biography of Lindberg but I confess it was some years ago but I do not recall the author demonstrating that his subject "admired Hitler." As a spy, Lindberg was correctly impressed with german war making potential, especially in the air, and so reported thus rendering yet another service to his country.

Do you have some support for your assertion that he admired Hitler or, even, as Cachelot asserts, he was a "Hitler - worshiper?" I am willing to be educated but in the meantime we ought to put these calumnies on hold pending proof.

22 posted on 08/01/2003 11:21:23 PM PDT by nathanbedford
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 21 | View Replies]

To: Bedford Forrest
Nice handle
23 posted on 08/01/2003 11:26:48 PM PDT by nathanbedford
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 19 | View Replies]

To: YaYa123
In 1931, they journeyed, in a single-engine airplane, over uncharted routes from Canada and Alaska to Japan and China, which she chronicled in her first book, North to the Orient.

I got to read that! Thanks. What a life the two had.

24 posted on 08/01/2003 11:30:52 PM PDT by DPB101
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 16 | View Replies]

To: nathanbedford
As a spy, Lindberg was correctly impressed

Wonder exactly what bio you read :). The claim that Lindbergh was a spy for the US seems to be pretty unsubstantiated. In fact, I can find only one original source for it - the Lindbergh family, from where it has been mentioned by his wife. Apart from that, it seems to mainly surface completely unsourced and from parties I wouldn't trust all that much. Not that I would trust the Lindbergh family sources too much either: these were people who were unaware that dad had a another family going elsewhere.

So what do we have? We have a person who was, from all the evidence, quite taken with Hitler's Germany - so much so that he at one time considered moving there (up until war broke out, actually), and accepted a decoration from Herman Göring. Who fought tooth and nail, to keep America from fighting the Nazi regime. Who capitalized on his fame to help his fellow travellers with the Nazi sympaties in the "America First" movement, of which he was a founding member. Who was declared a Nazi by FDR, and squeezed out of the armed forces (doesn't sound much like someone the air force would trust to spy on its behalf, does it?).

Anyway, documentation is pretty abundant. Just a couple:

http://www.lrb.co.uk/v24/n07/john01_.html

R.W.Johnson:

The man who, above all others, had earned the admiration of the Anglo-American upper classes was the great Lone Eagle, Charles Lindbergh. Most US politicians were eager to be associated with him and flocked to his side, but FDR couldn't forgive the fact that Lindbergh was so seemingly unbothered by Germany's occupation of Czechoslovakia and its treatment of the Jews that he accepted a decoration from Goering. FDR's class didn't have much to do with Jews, but he strongly disliked anti-semitism. Worried by his own ill-health and the weaker instincts of his Cabinet, he hastened to tell them: 'If I should die tomorrow, I want you to know this. I am absolutely convinced that Lindbergh is a Nazi.' When Lindbergh - a colonel in the Army Air Corps - became the hero of the America First movement, FDR made it publicly known that he regarded him as a traitor and would never call him to active duty. Lindbergh melodramatically resigned his commission - which FDR was happy to accept.



N


C


A
National
Communication
Association

Founded 1914
       Thomas W. Benson, editor


NCA home

ROC home
                              
table of contents

editorial web site

Rapid Review






 

2.4 (October 2002): 373-377
© 2002 National Communication Association

 

Hollywood’s Early Cinematic Responses to Nazism

Roy Schwartzman

 

Michael E. Birdwell. Celluloid Soldiers: Warner Bros.’s Campaign against Nazism. New York: New York University Press, 1999. xxi + 266 pages. Notes, bibliography, and index. $40.00 (cloth); $19.50 (paper).

Despite the widespread presence and significant influence of Jews in the American film industry during the 1930s, Hollywood mounted virtually no active opposition to Nazism before World War II. In fact, the overall record of the studios matches the ostrich-like behavior of most of the world as Germany intensified its attacks on Jews. Much like IBM, whose conduct has been documented in Edwin Black’s controversial IBM and the Holocaust, Hollywood remained reluctant to criticize the Nazi regime or defend the rights of German Jews. The cynical attitude of business as usual reigned. Morality took a back seat to the profits that could be gained from Germany.

Amid this lamentable apathy to the plight of German Jews, at least one courageous figure took a stand. Harry Warner, the quiet, devoutly religious brother of flamboyant Jack, led Warner Brothers studio to risk censure, profits, and public condemnation for the sake of revealing the threat of National Socialism. Harry’s efforts culminated in the 1942 general release of Sergeant York, with Gary Cooper playing the title role. Michael Birdwell, a cultural historian at Tennessee Tech and curator of the Alvin C. York papers, tells the story of Harry Warner’s cinematic efforts to oppose Nazism and the gradual enlistment of Sergeant Alvin York, America’s greatest war hero at the time, to support military intervention against Germany. Enriched with archival material from Warner Brothers and the York papers, Celluloid Soldiers traces how momentum gradually shifted from isolation to intervention.

Hollywood’s film activity during and immediately after the Depression consisted primarily of escapism from economic hardship. Warner Brothers, however, tended to make films with more of a social conscience. Darryl Zanuck had established a Warner Brothers trend of making films that sided with the underdog. Among the major studios, only Warner Brothers focused on ordinary, working-class people and on taboo topics such as American hate groups. These preferences brought the studio on a collision course with the Production Code Administration (PCA), the industry’s own content controller.

As early as 1932, Harry Warner sensed the dangers that Nazism posed. He decided not to acquire Germany’s Universum Film studio, and had Jack Warner terminate all business with Germany after July 1934. Warner Brothers quickly began its cinematic attacks on Nazism. In 1933, Bosko’s Picture Show, a Looney Tunes cartoon, lampooned Hitler as an incompetent fool. Unfortunately, PCA director Joseph Breen, supported by the State Department, took a dim view of films that might offend Germany. Warner earned the rancor of the PCA with two important anti-Nazi films that preceded the famous Sergeant York.

Black Legion (1937) documented the criminal activities of the domestic fascist group The Black Legion. Members of this Midwestern terrorist organization preached nativism and practiced violence against perceived threats to “true” Americans. From 1931 to 1937, the group assassinated important labor organizers, bombed buildings, and participated in fifty-seven murders or attempted murders. The resultant film, although fictional, had the tone of a documentary. It portrayed the inevitable course of ruin that anyone would follow who succumbed to hate groups. Although the Black Legion conspirators are brought to justice in the film, it avoids a sugar-coated finale. Brutality and intolerance flourished within America, and Warner Brothers had revealed it.

Probably the most direct indictment of Nazism came from Confessions of a Nazi Spy (1939). This film established the template for cinematic portrayals of Nazis as cold, ruthlessly efficient sadists (76). Confessions of a Nazi Spy fanned fears that Nazis had infiltrated America and were undermining democracy. The film was promptly banned in several countries that wanted to maintain cordial relations with Nazi Germany. Nazi propaganda retaliated by accusing Americans of hypocrisy in light of their segregationist practices. A victim of mixed reviews and a public craving for escape from tensions of the day, the film did not draw large audiences. Warner Brothers, however, kept trying to raise consciousness about the perils of Nazism. After war was declared in Europe, they began courting Alvin York, the greatest American hero of the First World War.

York’s actual life provided a ready-made script for the myth of the humble hero. Raised in backwoods Tennessee, York was a minimally educated, down-to-earth homebody who preferred game hunting to public speaking. Warner Brothers correctly identified York as the larger-than-life mythic hero who could spur America to action against Nazi Germany. The task was not easy. York, suspicious of Hollywood glitter and too familiar with the horrors of war, was no interventionist. His slow conversion paralleled America’s gradual emergence from isolationism. The invasion of Poland spurred York to act.

Rhetorical critics will find most interesting the interplay between York and Charles Lindbergh that chapter 5 details. Lindbergh, an American hero from his transatlantic flight, used his stature to promote his political stance. He traveled across the country promoting American isolationism. Lindbergh even accepted Hitler’s invitation to visit Nazi Germany in 1937 and 1938, receiving a medal from Göring during the final trip. When war broke out in Europe on 1 September 1939, York became convinced that America needed to act. York quickly saw Hitler as a dangerous evil, eventually referring to him publicly as “the Anti-Christ of prophecy” (147). Lindbergh remained enthralled by National Socialism and admired the powerful Luftwaffe. The stage was set for a classic confrontation between two genuine American heroes. York lobbied for greater American aid to Britain, and the fall of France convinced him that it was time for Americans to realize that war might be the only way to assure freedom (136). Lindbergh’s isolationist allies formed America First, which opposed American involvement in the war. York, speaking in favor of intervention, increasingly took aim specifically at Lindbergh and America First. The increasing intensity of his pleas for intervention would make excellent material for a detailed rhetorical analysis. As events worsened for the allies in Europe, York’s verbal rapier became sharper. Referring to Lindbergh’s voluntary resignation of his Army Air Corps Reserve commission effective 28 April 1941, York attacked “such isolationists and appeasers as Senator Wheeler and ex-Colonel Lindbergh, and ex-President Hoover” (139). By September 1941, Lindbergh was railing against influential and wealthy “Jewish groups,” especially media moguls, who were “agitating for war” (143).

It is sometimes difficult to find reliable archival material that documents the oratory of two popular heroes on opposite sides of the same issue. An ongoing debate such as that conducted by York and Lindbergh offers an excellent opportunity to analyze a dynamic controversy. Birdwell narrates the verbal jousting, but because he does not employ an analytical framework, it is difficult to assess the relative merits of the speeches. As a homespun, plainspoken man with a third-grade education, York enacted a style and demeanor that contrasted sharply with the dashing figure of Lindbergh.

The final uphill battle for Warner Brothers as well as for the film industry in general occurred on 1 August 1941. On that date Senate Resolution 152 launched an investigation of the film industry. Hard-line Senate isolationists who engineered the investigation alleged that Hollywood was “dedicated to warmongering, that it constituted a Jewish-controlled monopoly, and that it was engaged in covert dealings with the Roosevelt administration” (154). Thus one function of the hearings was to give public legitimacy to anti-Semitism. Senators Gerald P. Nye (Montana) and Bennett Champ Clark (Missouri) co-sponsored S.R. 152. The actual hearings proved to be a dress rehearsal for the McCarthy hearings a decade later.

The Hollywood studios procured former Republican Presidential candidate Wendell Willkie to defend them. The committee refused to allow Willkie to cross-examine or call witnesses, and Warner Brothers was fingered as the ringleader of Jewish warmongering propaganda. The hearings continued until 26 September, never reconvening after the American declaration of war. Harry Warner thoroughly undermined the credibility of Senator Nye by reading a telegram Nye sent praising Confessions of a Nazi Spy, one of the films in question. The conduct of the investigation was incompetent and embarrassing to the non-interventionists. Ironically, the same Senate that was hounding the film industry quickly enlisted their aid to develop films educating the public about Nazism after America joined the war.

The Nye-Clark hearings present fertile ground for communication scholars. The selections Birdwell includes preview rhetorical tactics that would come into play during the McCarthy era: conspiracy theories, shifting the burden of proof, and large doses of what Richard Hofstadter aptly termed “the paranoid style.” The Nye-Clark hearings have additional historical significance: they played perfectly into the arguments Nazi Germany was using to justify the repression of Jews throughout Europe. If Jews fomented war, then their oppression seemed a logical defensive measure.

This book contains several useful resources and research avenues. A ten-page timeline traces the course of events for Nazi Germany, Warner studios, and Alvin York from Hitler’s becoming Chancellor (30 January 1933) to the commercial release of Sergeant York (4 July 1942). In his postscript, Birdwell calls for more cinematic documentation of American fascist sympathizers prior to World War II. Hollywood has contributed to the misconception that all Americans united against Hitler, with Hollywood graciously doing its part. The difficult path from isolationism to involuntary participation in World War II has received almost no attention. A similar lack of coverage holds in the field of communication studies. Virtually no research has examined domestic fascism in America, and the bitter debates regarding America’s proper role in the war from 1939 to 1941 have escaped sustained attention. These areas, as Birdwell observes, offer excellent prospects for further research.

In the wake of the September 11th terrorist attacks, the discourse surrounding American military action acquires greater urgency. Perhaps contemporary discussions regarding armed retaliation, invasion, and covert action would become more nuanced and enlightened with some attention to rhetorical history. If nothing else, such a retrospective could generate some wisdom about when and why to resurrect war heroes, military experts, and maybe the ghost of Franklin Roosevelt.

Roy Schwartzman is Associate Professor of Communication in the Department of Communication, Theatre, and Languages at Northwest Missouri State University. 


25 posted on 08/02/2003 4:04:27 AM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 22 | View Replies]

To: longjack
I highly recommend Scott Berg's Lindbergh. It mentions Anne Morrow's affair with her doctor. It seemed to have lasted a number of years.

I also recommend books written by their daughter, Reeve Lindbergh, Under His Wings about her father and No More Words about her mother. Anne suffered with Alzheimer's for many years. Her daughter writes a very touching book about mother's mental decline and the years of caring for her. Anne died in her 90's.

26 posted on 08/02/2003 4:36:07 AM PDT by Atlantian
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Cachelot
:). The claim that Lindbergh was a spy for the US seems to be pretty unsubstantiated.

As I said I am going by memory now many years later but I seem to remember reading that he rendered written reports on the state of the LUFTWAFFE. Did he not befriend Ernst Udet, famed ace of the First War and report on his conversations? I think Udet was, before his suicide, a player in the reorganization of the air arm after the war. Wasn't he also featured in THE LATE WALDO PEPPER? I understand that these reports were quite insightful and it was this intelligence which led him to believe the Europeans could not defeat the Nazis. But, as I said, I am willing to be educated to the contrary.

So what do we have? We have a person who was, from all the evidence, quite taken with Hitler's Germany - so much so that he at one time considered moving

But he did not move there. He moved many places in exile after his son was murdered as long as it was away from the American press. Who can blame him? He lived for a time in England and, I think, France but he chose not to live in Hitler's Germany. Nor did he live in post war Germany to be near his mistress.

and accepted a decoration from Herman Göring.

I have more than once posted that historical characters should be judged on what they knew or reasonably should have known. To judge them in hindsight is simply not fair. This is the position Churchill took and he of all men ought to have been able to take the contrary position. Göring was an authentic hero of the Luftwaffe in the First War. Lindberg was an authentic hero. It was natural that he would be honored in turn by Germany after virtually every other country on earth had honored him. Was he accepting the medal from Göring, the Nazi party, or the German nation? When your man FDR feted, toasted, flattered, smoozed and untimately bent over for Stalin was he pandering to a bank robber, a mass murderer, a chief of state, an ally or the representative of the Soviet Union? At the time FDR was fawning over one of one of the most virulent mass murderers in human history, did he know that Stalin had exterminated up to twenty million Kulaks? Of course he did. He had access to intelligence data available to the President of the United States, data to which Lindberg never had access to regarding Hitler, much less Göring. You expect Lindberg to be clairvoyant and anticipate a halocaust which lay in the future while you apparently excuse FDR's blindness to past and present butchery. Ah, but you no doubt will say that the Nazis were anti-semitic and that is a special kind of evil from which honorable men should recoil. And so they should. But the the Kulaks are just as dead even though they were murdered not for their race or religion but for their independence. They recently built a monument to FDR. But judging these two men according to the knowledge which can fairly be imputed to them at the time, they ought to melt it down and use the material for a monument to Lindberg.

Who fought tooth and nail, to keep America from fighting the Nazi regime

Again men must be judged on facts of the time. Lindberg openly stated his opposition to being sucked into a European war at great cost and to no end. FDR pretended to the electorate that he opposed being sucked into a European war a great cost. He was lying. Lindberg was not. When Pearl Harbor, or rather Hitler's declaration of war against America, made clear that America, like it or not, was in a European war, Lindberg moved heaven and earth to serve his country. FDR vindictively attempted to frustrate him, but, in the end, Lindberg, flying as a civilian, heroically served his country. He fought zeros and I belive has some kills to his credit. He acted as test pilot. He pioneered the concept of disposable fuel tanks thus extending the range of our fighters and helped win the war in the Pacific. Whatever cloud hangs over Lindberg before the war was utterly dispelled by his service in the war.

Finally, I still see no evidence in your materials to support your assertion that Lindberg was a "Hitler - worshiper."

27 posted on 08/02/2003 12:33:51 PM PDT by nathanbedford
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 25 | View Replies]

To: nathanbedford
Nice handle

Thank you and I didn't choose it lightly, as I am sure you didn't. Can you imagine turning LtGen Forrest loose in Iraq with 20 or so M1A1's, 50 Bradleys, a few squadrons of Harriers and Apache gunships, and 30 days of rations, ordnance and kerosene? The kill ratio would go to 50 to 1 and stay there for the duration of the pacification process, which would not exceed 20 days. At the end of the 20 days the three baathists still above ground would be running a shoeshine parlor at Baghdad International Airport, and glad of it.

28 posted on 08/02/2003 8:46:08 PM PDT by Bedford Forrest (Roger, Contact, Judy, Out. Fox One. Splash one.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 23 | View Replies]

To: nathanbedford
As I said I am going by memory now many years later but I seem to remember reading that he rendered written reports

So he did. But not as a spy. His first visits to Germany was as an official observer for the us armed forces. And he crafted his reports in a way calculated to put America off any notion of going to war with Germany.

The "spy" legend seems to be strictly that: a legend designed to give him stature (an effort that seems to have been at the center of his life during the thirties, and which was unremittingly plowed back into propaganda work for the "America First" party).

He lived for a time in England and, I think, France but he chose not to live in Hitler's Germany

Only because of the war. Awfully inconvenient to live where American bombs would be falling, you know ;).

It was natural that he would be honored in turn by Germany after virtually every other country on earth had honored him.

Yeah, sure. The personal friend of Joseph Gõbbels, who got this mention in Göbbels's diary:

"Lindbergh has written a really spirited letter to Roosevelt. He is the president's toughest opponent. He asked us not to give him too much prominence, since this could harm him. We have proceeded accordingly."

When your man FDR feted

Ah. Now we're getting somewhere ;). You're not exactly too kindly disposed towards Roosevelt, are you? You wouldn't be one of those who like to call him Rosenfeld, by any chance?

Lindberg moved heaven and earth to serve his country.

Such a long and spirited rant in defense of this "hero". Lindbergh served as a civilian test pilot, and never lifted arms against Germans. He saw combat against Japanese aircraft, which was, strictly speaking, not something he was supposed to see. Still, it probably didn't do any harm because even if "flying freelance" he wouldn't have had access to any sensitive data (which he might well have had if he'd been let back into the armed forces).

Finally, I still see no evidence in your materials to support your assertion that Lindberg was a "Hitler - worshiper."

All I can say to that is "nuts". And offer up the real Lindbergh:

From an article for "Reader's Digest:

"Aviation is a tool especially shaped for Western hands, a scientific art which others only copy in a mediocre fashion; another barrier between the teeming millions of Asia and the Grecian inheritance of Europe -- one of the priceless possessions which permit the White race to live at all in a sea of Yellow, Black and Brown...
We can have peace and security only as long as we band together to preserve that most priceless possession, our inheritance of European blood, only so long as we guard ourselves against attack by foreign armies and dilution by foreign races."

From a speech in Des Moines, Iowa (where the public seems to have run him off):

"The three most important groups who have been pressing this country toward war are the British, the Jewish, and the Roosevelt Administration.

Instead of agitating for war, Jews in this country should be opposing it in every way, for they will be the first to feel its consequences. Their greatest danger to this country lies in their large ownership and influence in our motion pictures, our press, our radio and our government."

There is much more.

Now we have seen Lindbergh as adulterer, if not bigamist. Look for research on the Lindbergh kidnapping case to hit mainstream news in the near future. You have a surprise or two coming your way.

29 posted on 08/03/2003 9:11:01 AM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 27 | View Replies]

To: Cachelot
A man comes home, flops down on the couch and calls to his wife, "et me a beer before the shit starts." She lovingly complies and he drinks his beer while prone on the couch and watches the tube. He again calls out, "Get me another beer before the shit starts." Again she complies and he continues as before. When he calls out a third time, "get me a beer before the shit starts," this time, instead of complying as before she says," how dare you talk to me like that, you have done nothing but drink beer and lie on that couch, you are rude, selfish and loathesome....." He interrupts with a dismissive wave of the hand and says, "Nevermind the beer, the shit has already started."

It is evident that the despicable insinuations have started:

When your man FDR feted

Ah. Now we're getting somewhere ;). You're not exactly too kindly disposed towards Roosevelt, are you? You wouldn't be one of those who like to call him Rosenfeld, by any chance?

I will say this one time only for the record, despite your insinuations, I am not anti-semitic. But I am getting damn sick and tired of dealing with such insinuations whenever an argument departs from someone's liking such as yourself. Roosevelt was called "your man" because you cited him and his opinion that Lindberg was a Nazi. You brought his bona fides into play, not I. He is your source, your expert, "your man."

I will not insinuate, I will frankly state that your outrage at Lindberg is selective. Compare these written remarks of Harry Truman to those of Lindberg and tell me about how you leaped into cyberspace in righteous indignation to condemn him:

"The Jews I find are very, very selfish," Truman wrote on July 21. "They care not how many Estonians, Latvians, Finns, Poles, Yugoslavs or Greeks get murdered or mistreated as D[isplaced] P[ersons] as long as the Jews get special treatment. Yet when they have power, physical, financial or political neither Hitler nor Stalin has anything on them for cruelty or mistreatment to the underdog. Put an underdog on top and it makes no difference whether his name is Russian, Jewish, Negro, Management, Labor, Mormon, Baptist he goes haywire."

Please spare me any more insinuations about my motives. Until you can show me that Lindberg was egregious or unique or even as bad as Truman, you have not made a convincing case that he was a "Hitler -worshipper." Lindberg's problem apparently was not his anti-semitism but his politics. Trumans's anti-semitism has been condoned because of his politics.

Shame on you for making these insinuations.

30 posted on 08/03/2003 11:38:48 AM PDT by nathanbedford
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 29 | View Replies]

To: nathanbedford
Compare these written remarks of Harry Truman to those of Lindberg

We were not discussing Harry Truman, or even Roosevelt - except for the fact that he was Lindbergh's commander in chief and didn't trust him as far as he could throw him. Frankly, in your frantic casting about for all kinds of navel-lint which has nothing to do with the issue, you come off as a loon.

Until you can show me that Lindberg was egregious or unique or even as bad as Truman

Well, kook - Truman wasn't a personal friend of Göbbels, nor was he a founding father of an American Nazi organization. Nor did he pen passages such as this (and I must confess I enjoy rubbing your muzzle in it):

"Aviation is a tool especially shaped for Western hands, a scientific art which others only copy in a mediocre fashion; another barrier between the teeming millions of Asia and the Grecian inheritance of Europe -- one of the priceless possessions which permit the White race to live at all in a sea of Yellow, Black and Brown...
We can have peace and security only as long as we band together to preserve that most priceless possession, our inheritance of European blood, only so long as we guard ourselves against attack by foreign armies and dilution by foreign races."

31 posted on 08/03/2003 2:03:16 PM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 30 | View Replies]

To: Cachelot
Left see who sounds like a loon. These are tour words:

I'm not sure it is possible to wipe out Islam, and that's the problem

It is possible, it is simple, and it doesn't even have to be done by genocide or massacres. It just takes a modicum of spine and some legal changes, which may be in short supply.

Let's rub you muzzle in some more of your own words:

Second, all mosques and signs of Islam must be removed. Not only are they hubs of criminal activity and safe-houses for storage of weapons, explosives and no doubt when they get around to it, wmd's, but they also form the base that Islam is resting on. To explain: Islam is a very brittle belief. It must overtower all other beliefs, and it must do that physically, by shrines and houses of worship outshining them. Hence the insane obsession with building mosques on sites taken from others, and with mosques being taller than the neighbouring churches. The removal of their physical edifices will act to shatter their illusion that "Allah", "Mohammed", or other supernatural entities are able to help them in any way whatsoever and will drive great numbers (if not most) of these yahoos away from that particular superstition. Third, and that is in the same vein as #2: their central holy places must be destroyed. This is not to say that they have to be nuked, but their central "islamic" points must be reduced to dust. That is particularly important when it comes to that stone they worship like it was some demon fallen from space, the kaabaa. Implement this, and Islam will be gone like a bad dream or a skunkfart in a fresh breeze. There may be a few stragglers. Just shoot them.

Just shoot them?

I invite any reader of this thread to read your vile comments under your nom de plume and determine for himself who "rants" and who it is that "comes off as a loon." Anyone who looks at your posts will immediately see that you are consumed. May God help you.

32 posted on 08/03/2003 5:38:08 PM PDT by nathanbedford
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 31 | View Replies]

To: longjack
Be easy to test the DNA. I would tend to think the story is not based upon fact.
33 posted on 08/03/2003 5:52:54 PM PDT by AEMILIUS PAULUS (Further, the statement assumed)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: nathanbedford
Left see who sounds like a loon. These are tour words:

Geez, NB, you shouldn't try typing and hissing at the same time :)). So, do you have anything more rational to say about your little nazi hero?

Or are you off to get your meds?

34 posted on 08/03/2003 6:19:21 PM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 32 | View Replies]

To: Cachelot
Lame
35 posted on 08/03/2003 6:34:44 PM PDT by nathanbedford
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 34 | View Replies]

To: nathanbedford
Lame

True, he was. You're showing signs of improvement. Do you have any more opinions regarding Lindbergh, or are you still reduced to drooling?

Meanwhile, here's a few more gems from Göbbels's diary. Seems he was fairly extatic over his friend and ally Lindbergh:

April 19, 1941: "Public opinion in the USA is beginning to waver. The Isolationists are very active. Colonel Lindbergh is sticking stubbornly and with great courage to his old opinions. A man of honor!"

April 30, 1941: "Lindbergh has written a really spirited letter to Roosevelt. He is the president's toughest opponent. He asked us not to give him too much prominence, since this could harm him. We have proceeded accordingly."

June 8, 1941: "These American Jews want war. And when the time comes they will choke on it. Read a brilliant letter from Lindbergh to all Americans. It really tells the Interventionists where to get off. Stylistically magnificent. The man has something."

"The man has something", indeed. The next instalment of scandal may even tell us what he had ;).

36 posted on 08/03/2003 7:01:34 PM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 35 | View Replies]

To: Cachelot
Charles Lindbergh's actions BEFORE Hitler declared war on anyone weren't nearly as bad as those DURING the Vietnam War of Jane Fonda (hugged antiaircraft guns in Hanoi), or the rejected by the Senate for confirmation as clinton's "ambassador" Sam Brown (congratulated the North Vietnamese who entered the UN in 1977 upon their murder of 58,000 US troops and hundreds of thousands of civilians). What Lindbergh did in 1937 wasn't right, but he was joined in his initial positive comments on Hitler by none other than Winston Churchill. Lindbergh actively supported the war effort by flying more than 60 combat missions in the Pacific; before the war, he also tendered intelligence on the Luftwaffe to the US Army. In any event, Lindbergh paid in the press and public esteem for his naive statements; Fonda and Brown remain the toast of Hollywood.
37 posted on 08/04/2003 5:15:20 PM PDT by laconic
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 21 | View Replies]

To: laconic
What Lindbergh did in 1937 wasn't right, but he was joined in his initial positive comments on Hitler by none other than Winston Churchill.

Funny how you folks try to erase the sh*t from Lindbergh's record by citing others who were, supposedly, worse or as bad. See, it deosn't work. Ol' NB there tried to drag in Truman, you're trying to drag in Churchill. None of them actually tried to build a nazi organization in America. None of them worked actively on Hitler's behalf either, but Lindbergh most certainly did.

Lindbergh actively supported the war effort by flying more than 60 combat missions in the Pacific

After he was excluded from the air force he flew civilian missions as test pilot, which sometimes landed him in combat. True. But note well his biographer's take on why he was willing to take arms against the Japanes:

What, one might have wondered at the time, would be the catalyst to spur the reluctant aviator into war? A hint, says Cole, may lie in his declaration that America's "bond with Europe is a bond of race and not of political ideology," and that "The average intellectual superiority of the white race...is countered by the sensate superiority of the black race." Thus, he added, if the white race were "ever seriously threatened, it may then be time for us to take our part in its protection, to fight side by side with the English, French and Germans, but not with one against the other for our mutual destruction."

he also tendered intelligence on the Luftwaffe to the US Army

But not as a spy. As an official observer sent to germany to inspect the Luftwaffe, all open and above board, with the Germans full cooperation. He even was given opportunity to fly most of their planes.

And the "intelligence" he tendered? It seems to have been strictly to the tune of "do not even think of tackling the Germans". If fact, he was a German "agent of influence", and it's perfectly obvious from Göbbels's diary that this was in collusion with the Germans.

So, Fonda and Brown. You seem to think that that these two critters are bad redeems the nazis. What brainrot.

38 posted on 08/04/2003 7:09:08 PM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 37 | View Replies]

To: Cachelot
Lindbergh "built a nazi organization in America?" I've never heard the wildest kook make that charge. Also, I see you made reference to some possible exoneration of the Hauptman creep in the baby's kidnapping; ain't gonna happen, he was guilty as sin and got exactly what he deserved. Also interesting how Col. Lindbergh, who publicly regretted his visit to Nazi Germany, is still roasted over the coals while there is dead silence over the widespread support, even adulation, in Hollywood and the media for Joe Stalin, despite his deliberate campaign of starvation against 12 million Ukrainians and his murder of tens of millions of Russians.
39 posted on 08/04/2003 7:21:08 PM PDT by laconic
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 38 | View Replies]

To: laconic
Lindbergh "built a nazi organization in America?"

Lindbergh was a founding member of the "America First" party. Wtf do you think it was, a coffee klatsch society?

Geez, even by going to the official Lindbergh memorial site you should know better.

Also, I see you made reference to some possible exoneration of the Hauptman creep in the baby's kidnapping; ain't gonna happen, he was guilty as sin

You are an idiot, obviously. It's a pretty much historically accepted fact that Hauptman was the wrong guy. Luckily, just now the police archives are being dredged through again, and guess what? They yield new material ;).

adulation, in Hollywood and the media for Joe Stalin, despite his deliberate campaign of starvation against 12 million Ukrainians and his murder of tens of millions of Russians.

And another Hitler-admiring freeper implodes. Stalin, Hollywood, pogroms. You left out the Jewish Bolsheviks, how Hitler ha dto react to the creeping danger of Jews planting communism, and how the mass graves in Europe was really filled with Germans. After the allies and the jews had tortured them, of course.

Go boil your head. Maybe it'll become useful for something.

40 posted on 08/04/2003 7:36:56 PM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 39 | View Replies]

To: RetiredArmy
Not only that, he was decorated with Germany's most significant medal given to a foreigner. He gave all kinds of support for Germany at home too, giving speeches praising Hitler and the "new Germany." He also said that it was impossible to defeat the German military and that we should make a treaty and not intervene in Europe. Ambassador to Britain, Joe Kennedy and he were in the same appeasement boat. That he was also an adulterer is not surprising, if it turns out to be true.
41 posted on 08/04/2003 7:48:03 PM PDT by Paulus Invictus
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: Cachelot
You (and your slanders) are not worthy of a reply.
42 posted on 08/04/2003 8:05:35 PM PDT by laconic
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 40 | View Replies]

To: Cachelot
You (and your slanders) are not worthy of a reply.
43 posted on 08/04/2003 8:05:39 PM PDT by laconic
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 40 | View Replies]

To: laconic
You (and your slanders) are not worthy of a reply.

So you decided you had to reply twice, twitchy?

44 posted on 08/04/2003 8:08:39 PM PDT by Cachelot (~ In waters near you ~)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 42 | View Replies]

To: Bedford Forrest
Can you imagine turning LtGen Forrest loose in Iraq with 20 or so M1A1's, 50 Bradleys, a few squadrons of Harriers and Apache gunships, and 30 days of rations, ordnance and kerosene?

Yup, he would be there "first with the most."

45 posted on 08/05/2003 1:49:40 AM PDT by nathanbedford
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 28 | View Replies]

To: longjack
DNA Proves Lindbergh Had Secret German Family

BERLIN (Nov. 28) - Genetic tests have proven claims by three Germans that the American aviator Charles Lindbergh was their father and led a secret double life for almost two decades, a family adviser said Friday.

Anton Schwenk, media consultant to the Germans, said DNA tests conducted by the University of Munich in October proved with 99.9 percent certainty that Dyrk and David Hesshaimer and their sister Astrid Bouteuil were Lindbergh's children.

"It's a delightful moment for them because they now have a feeling of belonging," Schwenk told Reuters. "They knew all along he was their father because they spent time with him growing up. But it's good to have an iron-clad confirmation."

Lindbergh, who also had six children with his U.S. wife Anne Morrow Lindbergh, became famous for his daring 1927 solo flight across the Atlantic from New York to Paris in 33 hours.

Lindbergh started a romance with Munich hat-maker Brigitte Hesshaimer in 1957 when he was 55 and she was 32. They had three children: Dyrk, now 45, Astrid, 43, and David, 36.

A restless world traveler, Lindbergh spent five to 14 days with his family in Munich up to three times a year until he died in 1974. Lindbergh and Hesshaimer kept the relationship a secret and the children knew the tall visitor only as "Mr Careu Kent."

The Germans said they did not discover the true identity of the mystery visitor until later. They described him as a loving man who devoted much time and energy to them, setting up trust funds and helping to buy a family house.

FROSTY SILENCE AT FIRST

The Germans first revealed the secret in August, two years after their mother died and despite promising her to keep quiet. They said they only wanted to set the record straight and had no interest in Lindbergh's estate or tarnishing his legacy.

Their claim was initially met by frosty silence from the Lindbergh family. But Morgan Lindbergh, the aviator's grandson, came forward to say he believed the Germans were his relatives because they looked "hauntingly familiar" in photos.

He said he was willing to take a DNA test and had a warm meeting with the three Germans in Europe. But other family members were hesitant, wary of past hoaxes.

Schwenk said there had been "amiable meetings as well as regular contacts with letters and calls" between his clients and the Lindberghs.

"There are also meetings planned for next year in the United States," he added.

"They never had any doubt they were Lindbergh's children," he said. "I'd say it's not a happy end to the story but a happy beginning."

Bouteuil said she only discovered the true identity of her father in the early 1980s after she found dozens of letters from Lindbergh and an article about him and confronted her mother.

Despite his huge popularity in 1927, Lindbergh's reputation later suffered because of his pre-war sympathy for Nazi Germany and getting an award from Luftwaffe leader Hermann Goering. He was later rehabilitated and remained a celebrity until he died.

According to his biographer, A. Scott Berg, Lindbergh's marriage was in trouble in the late 1950s when the affair began.

Schwenk said a book and a television documentary were being planned about Lindbergh's double life and his Munich love story.


11/28/03 10:53 ET

46 posted on 11/29/2003 8:27:18 AM PST by freepatriot32 (today it was the victory act tomorrow its victory coffee, victory cigarettes...)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]


 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
Note: this topic is dated 8/01/2003.

Blast from the Past.

Just adding to the catalog, not sending a general distribution.

Thanks longjack.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


47 posted on 06/08/2013 8:04:41 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (McCain would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson