Skip to comments.Iceland Police Said Guilty Verdicts Likely for Leftists Who Poisoned Robert Spencer,
Posted on 12/04/2019 9:46:59 AM PST by robowombat
Iceland Police Said Guilty Verdicts Likely for Leftists Who Poisoned Robert Spencer, But Prosecution Was Quashed
DEC 2, 2019 5:00 PM BY ROBERT SPENCER
An Icelandic police report, which they recently sent me on a freedom of information request, details what happened when I was poisoned at the Bar Ananas in Reykjavik on May 11, 2017. I spent the night in the Emergency Department at Landspítali, the National University Hospital of Iceland, suffering from serious symptoms of poisoning that were not adequately treated.
The police treated four people as suspects in the investigation:
1) Sindri Geirsson, the proprietor of the Prikið Kaffihús in Reykjavik, down the street from the Bar Ananas. He handed me the poisoned drink;
2) Sigurður Ólason, a friend of Sindri Geirsson who sat by his side at the bar, and who went (as can be seen on the recording from the security camera) into the bathroom with a siphon. He returned to the bar and can be seen stirring the drink that was later brought to me with a siphon under the bar table. He was also seen squeezing something from the siphon into my glass.
3) Sigurður Hreiðar Elíasson, who walked up to me, shook my hand, and said: Fuck you! The report the police took of him is very short. He claimed he couldnt have put anything in my glass since he had to stretch across a person sitting by my side to shake my hand.
4) The taxi driver who drove us to the Bar Ananas.
It is important to note that only two of the four suspects or defendants asked for their lawyer to be present during their interrogation: Sindri Geirsson and Sigurður Ólason. This is the same pair that can be seen in the recording of the security camera, acting very suspiciously. They were eventually charged by the Investigative Branch of the Police, which wanted the case brought to the court for judgment.
Under interrogation, both Sindri Geirsson and Sigurður Ólason denied they had poisoned me. They were shown the recording of the security camera; each time something was shown that implicated them in the act, they were asked What were you doing? Or Why did you do that? They repeatedly responded: I dont remember. Asked if they themselves used illegal drugs, both Sindri Geirsson and Sigurður Ólason denied doing so. When the police reminded Sindri Geirsson that he had been involved indirectly in a drug bust that happened at a party while he was present, Sindri Geirsson said he was there only because he knew so many people from the nightlife. When he was asked if his friend Sigurður Ólason used drugs, Sindri Geirsson said he used amphetamines sometimes, but not often. Sigurður Ólason denied using illegal drugs. When the police told him that his friend Sindri Geirsson had claimed he used amphetamines, Sigurður Ólason said Sindri Geirsson was lying.
A security camera picked up Sindri Geirsson and Sigurður Ólason and another Icelander who was treated as a witness in this case smoking outside as they met Sigurður Hreiðar Elíasson; they were pointing and looking in the window of the bar/restaurant at where our group was seated. At the beginning of the security camera recording, the three of them, Sindri Geirsson, Sigurður Ólason and the witness can be seen sitting together at the bar when Sindri Geirsson points in my direction. Sigurður Ólason and the witness both claim that Sindri Geirsson recognized who I was, but they did not, but confirmed it was so after having looked at news on the internet about me via their mobile phones. The recording does not show this witness taking an active part in committing the crime.
Reviewing the results of the investigation, Assistant Prosecutor Kjartan Ólafsson wrote a letter dated August 25, 2017 to the District Public Prosecutor, saying that in light of the recordings of the security camera and other things brought forward in the investigation that this was a criminal case that should be brought to court, because there was a likelihood of conviction against Sindri Geirsson and Sigurður Ólason. In his letter, he says: The accused in the case are suspected of having poisoned Robert Bruce Spencer with narcotics by putting a combination of amphetamine and MDMA into his drink.
The Assistant Prosecutor also writes: A recording from the security camera of the place shows the accused Sindri hand a siphon over to the accused Sigurður, who afterward takes the siphon to the bathroom. When he comes back to the bar, he takes the drink into his hands, and puts in under the bar table and seems to be doing something with it. Afterward, he stirs continuously in the drink like he is mixing something into it. The accused are at this point very secretive and there is no doubt that there is something more going on than just a simple ordering of a drink.
It can also be seen in the recording that before Sigurður Ólason goes into the bathroom with the siphon he takes something from his right pocket and shows it to Sindri Geirsson and to the witness. It can also be seen that just before Sigurður Ólason enters the bathroom, he puts his hand in his right pocket. The recording shows also that Sindri Geirsson is also stirring in the drink, and one point there are two siphons in the glass. They ordered three drinks in three similar glasses, and the drink that was brought to me was the only one that had a siphon in it. The alleged poisoned drink is the only one marked by a siphon, the police say in their description of the events shown in the recording of the security cameras.
The Assistant Prosecutor concludes: In light of all this and given the evidence of the case, especially the recordings of the security cameras, I think this case if brought to court would likely result in a guilty verdict.
The investigation of this poisoning case was handed over to the District Public Prosecutor on August 25, 2017. About seven months later, on April 5, 2018, the District Public Prosecutor (in a letter signed by Pétur Hrafn Hafstein, Representative of the District Public Prosecutor) said a follow-up investigation was needed. He requested two things:
1) A note from the doctor who was supposedly caring for me in the hospital emergency room, Hjalti Már Björnsson, whose gross and likely politically motivated negligence and violation of his Hippocratic Oath I explained in an ethics complaint I filed against him with the Icelandic Medical Board. Hjalti Már Björnsson downplayed and obfuscated what he had to acknowledge were clear symptoms of poisoning in his medical report, lied about what I told him, and failed to take basic tests that should have been done on any emergency room patient. It later turned out that he was a highly politicized Leftist which explains his criminal negligence and false claims, as well as his strongly urging me to end my work.
Dr. Andrew Bostom, who is a practicing physician as well as a premier researcher of jihad and Islamic antisemitism, examined the records of my emergency room stay and wrote to me:
This was a dismissive work-up of a middle-aged man who was at risk for potentially catastrophic acute illness: myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolus, status asthmaticus, etc. ad nauseam, and who was already suffering from tachycardia and tachypnea, with low sodium and detectable levels of potentially toxic amphetamines clandestinely spiked into something he drank unwittingly.
At minimum, you should have been placed on continuous electrocardiogram monitoring for rhythm, had a 12-lead ECG and cardiac enzymes drawn to rule out a heart attack, had simple pulse oximetry continuously, and routine blood pressure, and other vital signs monitoring serially with full documentation in the ER Record until all your vital signs normalized.
None of that was done. Was Hjalti Már Björnsson hoping I would just die?
2) The blood sample and urine sample that the hospital took. The representative of the District Public Prosecutor also said in his letter if there was no longer any blood sample and if it was not possible to measure the quantity of the drugs in the urine sample, it might be necessary to discontinue the investigation. To back up this assessment, Pétur Hrafn Hafstein cites a paragraph from the code of criminal procedure. And as was to be expected, no blood sample or urine sample was available, as this was nearly a year after the incident. The hospital claimed it was a standard procedure of the hospital to dispose of all samples four days after they had been taken. The report Hjalti Már sent on July 18, 2018 contained basically the same lies and misinformation he had sent to the Ethical Committee of the Icelandic Medical Association on August 29, 2017.
All this is clear from the police report. Two things, however, were missing from the files that the Icelandic police sent me about their investigation: the second page of the report from Hjalti Már Björnsson to the police, and the testimony of the fourth suspect to the police. I have requested this information, but Icelandic authorities have not replied.
I went to the police on May 13, 2017. The police investigated the matter and submitted their conclusion to the District Prosecutor on August 25, 2017, after only three months and ten days. My contacts in Iceland tell me that this is very quick work given the workload they have; they must have given my case priority. But then it took the District Prosecutor around seven months to write one simple letter requesting a follow-up investigation, and stated already at that point (April 5, 2018) in the letter that if the blood sample or urine sample was not to be found, they might need to call everything off.
Did they really expect the hospital to keep these samples for eleven months? Was this the District Prosecutors way of sabotaging the case? Did they wait all those months in order to ensure that the samples would be unavailable? Were they afraid they would lose the case because the lawyers for the poisoners would get the quack doctor Hjalti Már Björnsson to testify on their behalf and lie again?
One of the people who invited me to speak in Iceland commented: I know for sure there is not always a good working relationship between judges and the police, even to the point of being hostile. But at the same time, if there is any political motive behind this, it most certainly came from the top, not from the investigative police themselves.
Nonetheless, the police report and medical report make what happened abundantly clear. Sindri Geirsson and Sigurður Ólason should be in prison right now for poisoning me. Since Sindri Geirsson is the proprietor of the Prikið Kaffihús in Reykjavik, down the street from the Bar Ananas, both of these places should be shut down as hazards to the public health, or at very least, Sindri Geirsson should be made to divest himself of his interests in the Prikið Kaffihús and never again allowed to work in a place that sells food or drinks. Hjalti Már Björnsson should be permanently barred from practicing medicine.
None of this will happen, of course. Because Sindri Geirsson, Sigurður Ólason and Hjalti Már Björnsson are Leftists and I am not, they suffered no consequences for their actions. At least now what happened is a matter of public record, as is the willingness of Icelandic authorities to allow a man to be victimized if he doesnt hold the accepted political opinions.
“...Sindri Geirsson, Sigurður Ólason and Hjalti Már Björnsson...”
Jim Robinson increased the size of headlines in posts, so no need to self-truncate titles anymore.
So who is Robert Spencer?
The Islamic critic?
Dirt Nap candidates - bump for later....
Poor treatment by Icelandic health personnel could be the result of socialized medicine, as the hospital probably did not want to incur the cost of EKG monitoring, etc. Also possibly incompetence.
This is something that we can all expect if fauxcahontas enacts her medicare for all plan.
About Robert Spencer and Jihad Watch Staff Writers
ROBERT SPENCER is the director of Jihad Watch and a Shillman Fellow at the David Horowitz Freedom Center. He is the author of nineteen books, including the New York Times bestsellers The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam (and the Crusades) (Regnery Publishing) and The Truth About Muhammad (Regnery Publishing) and the bestselling The History of Jihad From Muhammad to ISIS (Bombardier Books). His latest book is The Palestinian Delusion: The Catastrophic History of the Middle East Peace Process (Bombardier Books).
Spencer has led seminars on Islam and jihad for the FBI, the United States Central Command, United States Army Command and General Staff College, the U.S. Armys Asymmetric Warfare Group, the Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF), the Justice Departments Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council and the U.S. intelligence community. He has discussed jihad, Islam, and terrorism at a workshop sponsored by the U.S. State Department and the German Foreign Ministry.
Spencer is a weekly columnist for PJ Media and FrontPage Magazine, and has written many hundreds of articles about jihad and Islamic terrorism. His articles on Islam and other topics have appeared in the Los Angeles Times, the San Francisco Examiner, the New York Post, the Washington Times, the Dallas Morning News, Fox News Opinion, National Review, The Federalist, The Hill, the Detroit News, TownHall.com, Real Clear Religion, the Daily Caller, the New Criterion, the Journal of International Security Affairs, the UKs Guardian, Canadas National Post, Middle East Quarterly, WorldNet Daily, First Things, Insight in the News, Aleteia, and many other journals. For nearly ten years Spencer wrote the weekly Jihad Watch column at Human Events. He has also served as a consultant to the Center for Security Policy, a contributing writer to the Investigative Project on Terrorism, and as an Adjunct Fellow with the Free Congress Foundation.
Spencer has appeared on the BBC, ABC News, CNN, FoxNewss Tucker Carlson Show, the OReilly Factor, Megyn Kellys The Kelly File, the Sean Hannity Show, Geraldo Rivera Reports, the Glenn Beck Show, Fox and Friends, Americas News HQ and many other Fox programs, PBS, MSNBC, CNBC, C-Span, CTV News, Bill OReillys No Spin News, France24, Voice of Russia and Croatia National Television (HTV), as well as on numerous radio programs including The Sean Hannity Show, Bill OReillys Radio Factor, The Mark Levin Show, The Laura Ingraham Show, The Herman Cain Show, The Joe Piscopo Show, The Howie Carr Show, The Curt Schilling Show, Bill Bennetts Morning in America, Michael Savages Savage Nation, The Alan Colmes Show, The G. Gordon Liddy Show, The Neal Boortz Show, The Michael Medved Show, The Michael Reagan Show, The Rusty Humphries Show, The Larry Elder Show, The Peter Boyles Show, Vatican Radio, and many others.
Robert Spencer has been a featured speaker at the University of California-Irvine, Temple University, Dartmouth College, Penn State University, the University of California-Los Angeles, Stanford University, New York University, Brown University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the University of Virginia, State University of New York-Binghamton, State University of New York-Stony Brook, Florida State University, DePaul University, the College of William and Mary, Washington University of St. Louis, the University of Wisconsin at Madison, the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, Boise State University, Cal Poly, Portland State University, and many other colleges and universities. He has also addressed the Heritage Foundation, Westminster Institute, the Gatestone Institute, the Simon Wiesenthal Centers Museum of Tolerance in New York City, the Hudson Institute, the Temple of the Arts in Los Angeles, the San Diego Jewish Book Fair, the Christian Rights and Freedom Institute, the Young Presidents Organization, Calvary Chapel Pacific Coast, the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), FreedomFest, Young Americas Foundation, Hersheys Sweet Retreat, the John W. Pope Civitas Institute, the Conservative Forum of Silicon Valley, Train the Trainer, and many other audiences.
A complete listing of Robert Spencers books:
Islam Unveiled: Disturbing Questions About the Worlds Fastest Growing Faith (Encounter Books, 2002)
Onward Muslim Soldiers: How Jihad Still Threatens America and the West (Regnery Publishing, 2003)
Inside Islam (with Daniel Ali) (Ascension Press, 2003)
The Myth of Islamic Tolerance: How Islamic Law Treats Non-Muslims (Prometheus Books, 2004)
The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam (and the Crusades) (Regnery Publishing, 2005)
The Truth About Muhammad: Founder of the Worlds Most Intolerant Religion (Regnery Publishing, 2006)
Religion of Peace? Why Christianity Is and Islam Isnt (Regnery Publishing, 2007)
Stealth Jihad: How Radical Islam is Subverting America without Guns or Bombs (Regnery Publishing, 2008)
The Complete Infidels Guide to the Koran (Regnery Publishing, 2009)
The Post-American Presidency: The Obama Administrations War On America (with Pamela Geller) (Threshold Editions/Simon & Schuster, 2010)
Did Muhammad Exist? An Inquiry Into Islams Obscure Origins (ISI Books, 2011)
Not Peace But A Sword: The Great Chasm Between Christianity and Islam (CA Press, 2013)
Arab Winter Comes to America: The Truth About the War Were In (Regnery Publishing, 2014)
The Complete Infidels Guide to ISIS (Regnery Publishing, 2015)
The Complete Infidels Guide to Iran (Regnery Publishing, 2016)
The Complete Infidels Guide to Free Speech (and Its Enemies) (Regnery Publishing, 2017)
Confessions of an Islamophobe (Bombardier Books, 2017)
The History of Jihad From Muhammad to ISIS (Bombardier Books, 2018)
The Palestinian Delusion: The Catastrophic History of the Middle East Peace Process (Bombardier Books, 2019)
Rating Americas Presidents: An America-First Look at Who Is Best, Who Is Overrated, and Who Was An Absolute Disaster (Bombardier Books, coming in 2020)
Spencers books have been translated into many languages, including Spanish, Italian, German, Finnish, Korean, Polish, Portuguese and Bahasa Indonesia. His Quran commentary at Jihad Watch, Blogging the Quran, has been translated into Czech, Danish, German, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese.
Spencer (MA, Religious Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) has been studying Islamic theology, law, and history in depth since 1980. His work has aroused the ire of the foes of freedom and their dupes: in October 2011, Muslim Brotherhood-linked groups wrote to Homeland Security Advisor (and Obamas CIA director) John Brennan, demanding that Spencer be removed as a trainer for the FBI and military groups, which he taught about the belief system of Islamic jihadists; Brennan immediately complied as counter-terror training materials were scrubbed of all mention of Islam and jihad. Spencer has been banned by the British government from entering the United Kingdom for pointing out accurately that Islam has doctrines of violence against unbelievers. He has been invited by name to convert to Islam by a senior member of al-Qaeda.
What Theyre Saying About Robert Spencer
My comrade-in-arms, my pal, my buddy. Oriana Fallaci
A hero of our times and one of the bravest defenders of liberty that I have ever met. Geert Wilders
No one has upset the Islamophobia cabal more than Robert Spencer. First, he knows more about Islamic doctrine than they do. Next, he has outed all the tricks they use in their taqiyyah bag to disinform the public. Finally, and most importantly, Robert will not be cowed. Ayaan Hirsi Ali
One of the top two or three experts in the world on this great war against fundamental Islam. Stephen K. Bannon, former Trump Administration Chief Strategist and Senior Counselor
A brave crusader against the dopier multiculti illusions. Mark Steyn
I highly recommend that you listen to this guy. Glenn Beck
One of the most acclaimed counter-jihad scholars. Asian Tribune
Japprécie beaucoup ce que vous écrivez sur lIslam. Fr. Samir Khalil Samir, S.J., internationally renowned Islamic scholar
Robert Spencer incarnates intellectual courage when, all over the world, governments, intellectuals, churches, universities and media crawl under a hegemonic Universal Caliphates New Order. His achievement in the battle for the survival of free speech and dignity of man will remain as a fundamental monument to the love of, and the self-sacrifice for, liberty. Bat Yeor
A leader in this war for over a decade, documenting not just what is happening but explaining why. PJ Media
Perhaps the foremost Catholic expert on Islam in our country. Fr. C. John McCloskey, National Catholic Register
A leading figure of the conservative movement in the US. Limerick Leader (Ireland)
Distinguished scholar. Akbar Ahmed, Ibn-e-Khaldoon chair of Islamic Studies, American University, Washington, D.C.
You simply cannot seriously argue about the question of the conflict between Islam and modernity if you have not carefully read his work. Standpoint Magazine
One of the most insightful and learned scholars of Islam. Catholic Insight
Robert Spencer is indefatigable. He is keeping up the good fight long after many have already given up. I do not know what we would do without him. I appreciate all the intelligence and courage it takes to keep going despite the appeasement of the West. Ibn Warraq
A top American analyst of Islam .A serious scholar I learn from him. Daniel Pipes
Recognized worldwide as an authority on Islam. Phyllis Schlafly
Americas most informed, fearless, and compelling voice on modern jihadism. Andrew C. McCarthy, Senior Fellow at National Review Institute
The consummate Islam critic and expert .A serious and cogent American critic of Islam. Bruce Bawer
Over the years, we have become friends, and I have received his assistance on several pieces of legislation I proposed. Former Congressman Tom Tancredo
Few people are capable of applying scholarship, analytical reasoning, and objectivity to their topic while simultaneously being readable and witty as can Robert Spencer. Raymond Ibrahim
A national treasure The acclaimed scholar of Islam. Robert Spencer is arguably the most knowledgeable, authoritative and prolific of American infidels with respect to sharia and jihad. Frank Gaffney, Center for Security Policy
I am indeed honored to call him my friend. Brad Thor
A courageous, fearless warrior a voice in the wilderness. Monica Crowley
A brilliant scholar and writer. Douglas Murray
Robert Spencer is an Islamic scholar. He knows the Quran better than most imams. Pat Condell
One of my best teachers. Ashraf Ramelah, Voice of the Copts
Thank God theres at least one man with balls left in the West. Kathy Shaidle, Five Feet of Fury
I read people like [Mark Steyn] and Bob Spencer and the rest of them, and I say, Boortz, youre pretending youre an author. These people really are. They really write some entertaining, some standup stuff. Neal Boortz
Robert Spencer is the leading voice of scholarship and reason in a world gone mad. If the West is to be saved, we will owe Robert Spencer an incalculable debt. Pamela Geller
Armed with facts and fearlessness, Spencer stands up for Western civilization. Michelle Malkin
Widely read in conservative foreign policy circles. New York Times
Widely read in many quarters in Washington. Washington Post
A canny operative who likely has the inside track on the State Departments Middle East affairs desk should the tea party win the White House. New York Magazine
A hero of the American right. Karen Armstrong
Spencers comprehensive understanding of his Christian faith and Islam along with lucidly insightful writing give the lie to his international notoriety as a bigoted Islamophobe.’ Institute on Religion & Democracy
A renowned anti-Islam scholar. PolicyMic
The leading anti-Islamic intellectual in the United States .The go-to Islam expert for the right wing. Salon Magazine
Darling of the Fox News Network who runs the popular website Jihadwatch and who is quoted almost every day by other prominent conservative commentators. Huffington Post
Robert Spencer is an Edward Said turned upside down. Stephen Suleyman Schwartz
Robert Spencer looks like an anti-Semitic parody cartoon. Richard B. Spencer, white supremacist
One of the nations most notorious Islamophobes. Hamas-linked CAIR
Grand pooh-bah of the legion of American Islamophobes. Kecia Ali, associate professor of religion, Boston University
An extremist, right-wing anti-Muslim rabble rouser. Robert Dreyfuss, The Nation magazine
Geller and Spencer are probably the most important propagandizing Islamophobes in the world. These peoples voices speak very loudly not just here in the United States but overseas. Heidi Beirach, Southern Poverty Law Center
Satanic ignoramus. Khaleel Mohammed
The Likud anti-Christ. Dar al-Hayat newspaper (Saudi Arabia)
Zionist Crusader, missionary of hate, counter-Islam consultant. Al-Qaedas Adam Gadahn, Azzam the American
Hugh Fitzgerald is a student of history and literature, primarily of America and Europe. He admires Jacques Barzun, J. D. Salinger, and Alan Bennett, reads dictionaries for profit and pleasure, and finds particularly appealing the words recompense, quondam, magari, and degringolade.
By far the best way to reach him is through the good offices, in every sense, of Robert Spencer; Fitzgerald has an email account, the address of which is firstname.lastname@example.org, but almost never looks at it.
Christine Douglass-Williams is a nine-time international award-winning broadcast journalist and author of the book The Challenge of Modernizing Islam. She is a former Director with the Canadian Race Relations Foundation, appointed by the Harper Conservative government, but terminated by the Trudeau government for her writings against political Islam on Jihad Watch. She was also an advisor to the Conservative Governments Office of Religious Freedom, shut down by the Trudeau Liberal government.
To book Christine Douglass-Williams to speak, write to AntiJihad37@gmail.com.
Andrew E. Harrod is a freelance researcher and writer who holds a PhD from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and a JD from George Washington University Law School. He is admitted to the Virginia State Bar. He has published hundreds of articles concerning various political and religious topics at the American Spectator, American Thinker, the Blaze, Breitbart, Capital Research Center, Daily Caller, FrontPage Magazine, Institute on Religion and Democracy, Independent Journal Review, Investigative Project on Terrorism, Jihad Watch, Mercatornet, Philos Project, Religious Freedom Coalition, Washington Times, and World, among others. He is a fellow with the Lawfare Project, an organization combating the misuse of human rights law against Western societies. He is a Middle East Forum Campus Watch Fellow. He can be followed on twitter @AEHarrod.
WOW! Quite a vita!
I hope there are some people in TN more aware than you.
This is very depressing. Basically all the Scandianavian countries have turned except maybe Denmark. I don’t want to eat Icelandic yogurt any more.
So do I! At my age, I pick what I devote my resources to.
Spencer is a jewel. He pushed outside knowledge of the Qur’an when few understood it outside of Islam. He is a very good scholar and a very brave man. One of the important things pointed out by Sun Tzu in the art of war is to know your enemy thoroughly and also to know yourself the same way. Too many Americans tend not to understand their enemies and to be too accepting and Spencer has helped immensely in this regard.
Iceland Police Said Guilty Verdicts Likely for Leftists Who Poisoned Robert Spencer, But Prosecution Was Quashed
When leftists do evil it’s NEVER a big story.
Only 0.31% of Icelanders, or 1,100 people, practice Islam. You will find more followers of Asatru, the old-time Norse religion, in that country. Why? Because Islam is incompatible with life in a place that close to the north pole. Thanks to the midnight sun effect, if the month of Ramadan occurs in summer, there isn’t really any time to break the fast required during daylight hours. Conversely, if Ramadan happens to fall in the winter, the fasting time isn’t long enough to make a difference, because the days are so short; it’s probably shorter than the time most of us wait between meals.
Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.