Skip to comments.Big-bang-defying giant of astronomy passes away (article)
Posted on 01/02/2014 9:11:49 AM PST by fishtank
Big-bang-defying giant of astronomy passes away
by John G. Hartnett
Published: 31 December 2013 (GMT+10)
Halton Arp passed away on Saturday morning 28th December 2013 in Munich, Germany. He will be sorely missed by many but not so much by others because of his challenges to the ruling big bang paradigm.
With Geoffrey Burbidge and others, Professor Halton Arp was a thorn in the side of those who held to the standard story line of the big bang. In many papers and several books1 he promoted the idea that quasars are born from the nucleus of active galaxiesparent galaxies.
In the standard big bang model their very large redshifts are interpreted according to the Hubble Law to mean they are the most distant sources in the universe.
According to Arps alternative model, evidence strongly suggests that they are associated with relatively nearby active galaxies and that they have been ejected from those parent galaxies.
One extremely good example of this was reported in the Astrophysical Journal2 in 2004 where a quasar was found embedded in the galaxy NGC 7319 only 8 arc minutes from its centre. See figure 1. The arrow indicates the quasar.
This finding was presented by Margaret Burbidge at the January 2004 AAS meeting in Atlanta. The response, according to Halton Arp, was overwhelming silence. It was reported on the University of California, San Diego webpage (10 January 2005).3 The subtitle is Can A Distant Quasar Lie Within A Nearby Galaxy?, extolling the riddle.
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Halton Arp (19272013)
well now he knows
Chip Arp will be missed. He was well liked by everyone ion the astronomical community.
Rest in Peace
Einstein was right! For the big bang to have happened, all laws of physics and nature would have to be suspended for some time and then have to be reinstated. It happened some other way, but not the big bang.
So far, the Big Bang seems to be holding up. There are problems with Arps’s theories which haven’t been resolved to anyone’s satisfaction.
In case anyone wants to know more about quasars.
Big Bang is a bunch of flagrant bullshit which should have been rejected on day one on purely philosophical grounds. Having all the mass of the universe collapsed to a point would be the mother of all black holes; nothing would ever “bang(TM)” its way out of that.
Wow that’s a memory from my youth.
RIP Mr. Arp.
I enjoy scientific anomalies and he found them, with proof.
Here’s a quasar TV commercial, featuring some chick named Welch.
Thanks for that :)
Ouch! Thanks Squawk 8888. R.I.P. to a giant. Three-list ping, four with an extra to APoD.
When you got nothing else, just call it a big bang.... everything out of nothing.
There’s no possible way of explaining what everything was even one second before the ‘big bang’.
Nice picture, oh, and the TV is nice too.
A black hole is a region of spacetime from which gravity prevents anything, including light, from escaping. The existence of black holes allows the compression of all matter into one huge singularity, which allows the Big Bang theory to be a possible truth.
However, the black hole model has been called into doubt by none other than Stephen Hawking, who now says that matter can escape from ‘black’ holes. If Black Holes aren't truly excape-proof, how is the formation of the exploding massive singularity possible?
For every astrophysicist there is a different model.n
Hawkings shift isn't all that dramatic. Hawking radiation is the escape of energy from a black hole, due to quantum effects. His modified stance is that the event horizon isn't a sharply delineated "surface," but somewhere, at a smaller radius, gravity rules. I would think that the same quantum effect can play at that smaller radius too, so energy has a way to work its way "outward" from the pull of gravity.
I guess that I'm having an Einstien moment, like when he said, “God does not play dice with the universe!” I do not like the limits the Big Bang imposes.
I’ve never been able to fathom how time started moving forward. I mean, what was time even one second before a so called ‘big bang’? How could time even exist without a starting point, and what the heck was time before that point? I don’t believe that can ever be answered by any human being.
It boggles the mind.
My mind boggles too.
What time was it before time began? What did the Big Bang singularity expand into, if there isn’t anything beyond our universe? If things that fall into a black hole can’t come back into our universe when the black hole evaporates, where do they go?
If everything that ever existed, time, space, information, and all, is destroyed with every Big Bang cycle, there’s no point to either the universe or us existing at all.
I just can’t believe that.
Lerner, Eric J., The Big Bang Never Happened,Vintage Books, 1991. I'm a bit dubious about his argument, since he appears to propose that the universe is infinite in both time and space. I think he dismisses Olbers Paradox too quickly (the night sky is dark; if the universe were infinite in time and space we would expect the night sky to be as bright as day).
Weintraub, David A., How Old is the Universe, Princeton U. Press, 2011.
Arp, Holton, Seeing Red, Apeiron, 1998. Arp argues that the "red shift" has nothing to do with velocity and the Doppler effect, but instead is a function of the age of the source.
Ratcliffe, Hilton, The Static Universe, Apeiron, 2011. The author argues that the universe is not expanding at all, but the red shift is due to light losing energy as it travels great distances, thus increasing in wavelength.
Obviously these books are at variance with the "standard model" of cosmology, but each points to discrepancies that the "standard model" doesn't explain.
I'm not a cosmologist. The arguments in each of these books sound plausible, and some seem to be supported by evidence. However, it's outside my field, and I can only say it sounds interesting and worth reading about.
**** “... he appears to propose that the universe is infinite in both time and space ...” ****
Like you, I’m not a cosmologist, but I believe that both are infinite. It just feels right.
As far as grey holes allowing matter to escape after that matter has changed into a different kind of matter, matter is still escaping from the hole. In my understanding that would preclude the formation of the Big Bang singularity, just as escape from a black hole would.
Plainly I don't understand the theories involved, but the subject is fascinating.
Galianni, P., Burbidge, E.M., Arp, H.C., Junkkarinen, V., Burbidge, G. and Zibetti, S., “The Discovery
of a High Redshift X-Ray Emitting QSO Very Close to the Nucleus of NGC 7319”, ApJ, 620, 88-94,
February 10, 2005.