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Beer's taste triggers dopamine release in brain
DNA ^ | Tuesday, Apri 16, 2013 | ANI

Posted on 04/20/2013 5:34:09 PM PDT by Jyotishi

The taste of beer, without any effect from alcohol itself, can trigger dopamine release in the brain that is associated with drinking and other drugs of abuse, researchers have claimed.

Using positron emission tomography (PET), the researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine tested 49 men with two scans, one in which they tasted beer, and the second in which they tasted Gatorade.

The researchers were looking for evidence of increased levels of dopamine, a brain neurotransmitter that has long been associated with alcohol and other drugs of abuse.

The scans showed significantly more dopamine activity following the taste of beer than the sports drink, moreover, the effect was significantly greater among participants with a family history of alcoholism.

“We believe this is the first experiment in humans to show that the taste of an alcoholic drink alone, without any intoxicating effect from the alcohol, can elicit this dopamine activity in the brain’s reward centers,” David A. Kareken, Ph.D., professor of neurology at the IU School of Medicine and the deputy director of the Indiana Alcohol Research Center, said.

Kareken said that the stronger effect in participants with close alcoholic relatives suggests that the dopamine release in response to such alcohol-related cues may be an inherited risk factor for alcoholism.

The participants got a very small amount of their preferred beer - 15 milliliters - over a 15-minute time period, enabling them to taste the beer without having any detectable blood alcohol level or intoxicating effect.

Using a PET scanning compound that targets dopamine receptors in the brain, the scientists were able to assess changes in dopamine levels occurring after the participants tasted the liquids.

Results have been published online Monday by the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.


TOPICS: Culture/Society; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: agriculture; alcohol; animalhusbandry; beer; brain; godsgravesglyphs; health; neurology; pharmacology; zymurgy
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1 posted on 04/20/2013 5:34:09 PM PDT by Jyotishi
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To: Jyotishi

Thanks for posting (heading down to the fridge for my 2nd IPA). Very interesting.


2 posted on 04/20/2013 5:37:36 PM PDT by PGalt
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To: Jyotishi

Bet it wouldn’t work in somebody who’d never drunk beer before.


3 posted on 04/20/2013 5:38:42 PM PDT by Sherman Logan
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To: Jyotishi

So, with Budweiser, there would be no dopamine release?


4 posted on 04/20/2013 5:39:03 PM PDT by ClearCase_guy (The ballot box is a sham. Nothing will change until after the war.)
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To: All

Must be the hops. Too bad that the only beer in the house is still fermenting and won’t be ready for two more weeks


5 posted on 04/20/2013 5:39:32 PM PDT by Klemper
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To: Sherman Logan

Exactly. The dopamine is likely released as a Pavlovian response based upon the taste and then anticipation of the effect of the alcohol in the beer.

Sheesh. How much did this study cost us?


6 posted on 04/20/2013 5:40:44 PM PDT by Obadiah (High speed, low drag.)
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To: Jyotishi

I don’t drink...never have,never will.But I must say that a nice big piece of prime rib,done medium rare,goes to the pleasure centers of my brain at about the speed of light.


7 posted on 04/20/2013 5:43:12 PM PDT by Gay State Conservative (Leno Was Right,They *Are* Undocumented Democrats!)
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To: Jyotishi

Unggggh BEER!

8 posted on 04/20/2013 5:43:34 PM PDT by Mike Darancette (And winter is coming.)
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To: Jyotishi

Same thing happens with chocolate....duh.


9 posted on 04/20/2013 5:43:38 PM PDT by dfwgator
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To: Jyotishi
I will be so bold as to extend their theory to: any pleasurable physical sensation, be it sight, sound, smell, taste, or touch, can trigger the physiochemical responses associated with pleasure. Now where's my grant money?
10 posted on 04/20/2013 5:47:07 PM PDT by SpaceBar
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To: All

Is there anything that Beer can’t do???


11 posted on 04/20/2013 5:47:29 PM PDT by KevinDavis (Third Parties are for losers.)
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To: Jyotishi

Too many beers then causes melatonin to be released.
Not that it has ever happened to me, but I’ve heard....


12 posted on 04/20/2013 5:49:03 PM PDT by llevrok (2013: America is in a cold civil war.)
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To: SpaceBar

If you administer the beer in the right quantities to the right gal it can lead to all of what you said.


13 posted on 04/20/2013 5:51:23 PM PDT by Lurkina.n.Learnin (Obama is the Chicken Little of politics)
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To: Jyotishi

Beer makes you smart, it made Bud wiser....


14 posted on 04/20/2013 5:53:09 PM PDT by Las Vegas Ron (Medicine is the keystone in the arch of socialism)
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To: ClearCase_guy

LOL!!!


15 posted on 04/20/2013 5:55:52 PM PDT by Hardastarboard (Buck Off, Bronco Bama)
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To: KevinDavis
Is there anything that Beer can’t do???

Well, it does lead to inventions, like "beer goggles"!

Of course so does time, as in "2 AM"

16 posted on 04/20/2013 5:55:54 PM PDT by Las Vegas Ron (Medicine is the keystone in the arch of socialism)
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To: Jyotishi

It’s Saturday night and it has been a long strenuous week. I think I’ll go force a dopamine release or two.


17 posted on 04/20/2013 5:57:58 PM PDT by jy8z (From the next to last exit before the end of the internet.)
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
Thanks Jyotishi.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


18 posted on 04/20/2013 6:02:26 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Romney would have been worse, if you're a dumb ass.)
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To: Jyotishi

I blame myself.


19 posted on 04/20/2013 6:02:45 PM PDT by jaz.357 (Contrary To Ordinary)
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To: jy8z

Well beer is very good stuff, but my preferred dopamine starter is a good single malt scotch whiskey straight up.


20 posted on 04/20/2013 6:04:41 PM PDT by 5th MEB (Progressives in the open; --- FIRE FOR EFFECT!!)
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To: Jyotishi

Thanks for reminding me, is is now 3:04, so time for a beer............


21 posted on 04/20/2013 6:04:53 PM PDT by doorgunner69
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To: ClearCase_guy

Hilarious. Nice!


22 posted on 04/20/2013 6:09:54 PM PDT by gettinolder (Pursue the enemy relentlessly to the limit of every man's endurance.)
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To: doorgunner69

Made me into a dope, that’s for sure.


23 posted on 04/20/2013 6:10:54 PM PDT by Fido969
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To: Jyotishi

Oh pul-ease. Simple Pavlovian response to the taste by seasoned beer drinkers.

Try the same test with someone who has never tasted beer, and you won’t get the same brain response.


24 posted on 04/20/2013 6:15:19 PM PDT by Yo-Yo
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To: KevinDavis

A Guiness a day keeps the doctor away, ten Guiness a day keep everybody away.


25 posted on 04/20/2013 6:19:48 PM PDT by 05 Mustang GT Rocks
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To: Jyotishi

And all these years I thought I was drinking beer for it’s nutritional value.


26 posted on 04/20/2013 6:24:22 PM PDT by GreatRoad (O < 0)
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To: Obadiah

Actually, I have conducted personal experiments and must say that some of the German non-alcoholic beers elicit a very strong dopamine response from my brain, and I don’t anticipate any alcohol effect.
OTOH, I don’t always drink beer but when I do, I prefer Guinness.


27 posted on 04/20/2013 6:24:46 PM PDT by 05 Mustang GT Rocks
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To: 05 Mustang GT Rocks

Read Guinness, sorry, long day, no beer.


28 posted on 04/20/2013 6:25:30 PM PDT by 05 Mustang GT Rocks
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To: 05 Mustang GT Rocks

Stay thirsty, my friend.


29 posted on 04/20/2013 6:34:18 PM PDT by Obadiah (High speed, low drag.)
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To: Jyotishi

After all, who hasn’t smelled beer and wished for heroine, or glue, or maybe some paint to sniff. Really!

I picked a hell of a week to stop smoking.


30 posted on 04/20/2013 6:39:12 PM PDT by glock rocks (No, the game never ends, when your whole world depends, on the turn of a friendy card.)
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To: Jyotishi

31 posted on 04/20/2013 6:41:20 PM PDT by rollo tomasi (Working hard to pay for deadbeats and corrupt politicians.)
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To: KevinDavis
Is there anything that Beer can’t do???

Try as I may, beer can't make my liberal friends intelligent, or understand basic common sense.

32 posted on 04/20/2013 6:48:55 PM PDT by Stealth Ninja
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To: Jyotishi

I have to admit when I was stationed in Munich back in the 60’s I would find myself lying in the street outside of the Hofbrauhaus. I still don’t know whether I was on my way out or merely overcome on my way in.


33 posted on 04/20/2013 6:51:21 PM PDT by Starstruck (Don't rest. We came close to the 2nd Amendment being field tested.)
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To: glock rocks

> After all, who hasn’t smelled beer and wished for heroine, or glue, or maybe some paint to sniff. Really!

Wouldn’t it be cheaper and of course legal to just shoot beer into the veins? Besides, heroin gets no respect in emergency rooms around the world.


34 posted on 04/20/2013 6:56:14 PM PDT by Jyotishi (Seeking the truth, a fact at a time.)
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To: Starstruck

> I have to admit when I was stationed in Munich back in the 60’s I would find myself lying in
> the street outside of the Hofbrauhaus. I still don’t know whether I was on my way out or merely overcome on my way in.

Great inspiration for a song there, country western.


35 posted on 04/20/2013 6:59:01 PM PDT by Jyotishi (Seeking the truth, a fact at a time.)
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To: Jyotishi

Wait ... there’s two cases of Heiniken in the fridge on the deck. Oh, and a huge can o Mauna Loa macadamias... who needs Corona and lime when you have Heini’s and macs?


36 posted on 04/20/2013 7:16:31 PM PDT by glock rocks (No, the game never ends, when your whole world depends, on the turn of a friendy card.)
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To: Jyotishi

Jeez! It takes research to figure that one out?!


37 posted on 04/20/2013 8:15:04 PM PDT by dagogo redux (A whiff of primitive spirits in the air, harbingers of an impending descent into the feral.)
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To: Sherman Logan

Correct. Classical conditioning (not operant). Would have been a huge surprise if this DIDN’T happen in conditioned drinkers. No reason whatsoever to do this study unless subjects who had never drank alcohol were included.


38 posted on 04/20/2013 8:19:15 PM PDT by steve86 (Acerbic by Nature, not NurtureĀ™)
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To: All

39 posted on 04/20/2013 8:25:40 PM PDT by KevinDavis (Third Parties are for losers.)
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To: Jyotishi

Beer always did release the dope-in-me.


40 posted on 04/20/2013 9:22:17 PM PDT by count-your-change (you don't have to be brilliant, not being stupid is enough)
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To: dfwgator
Well I get that at my first cup of morning coffee....love the smell as it's brewing!

My mom use to have her coffee and newspaper first thing...I have coffee and on-line news....guess it's inherited too!

41 posted on 04/20/2013 9:27:40 PM PDT by caww
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To: caww

I don’t drink coffee. I inject it.

Seriously, I not only need coffee in the morning, but my own special blend & way of brewing it. I literally get sick without it — headaches, fatigue. After a good cup, all the pleasure centers in my brain light up — cognitive centers, too. I need it to think.


42 posted on 04/20/2013 9:59:28 PM PDT by MoochPooch (I'm a compassionate cynic.)
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To: MoochPooch

It’s a great wrap after work too! First thing I do in the door...feed Kitty Cat while brewing...the aroma fabulous....

However, have you ever run out? I did, couldn’t believe it...I actually ran “used “ coffee grounds thru the coffeemaker! Pretty nasty stuff second time around!

Now I keep some instant coffee on hand just in case...LOL!


43 posted on 04/20/2013 10:14:16 PM PDT by caww
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To: caww

I ran out now. Sun. morning I’m making a beeline to Starbucks & buying a lb. of Kenya roast.


44 posted on 04/20/2013 10:15:34 PM PDT by MoochPooch (I'm a compassionate cynic.)
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To: MoochPooch

It’s a great wrap after work too! First thing I do in the door...feed Kitty Cat while brewing...the aroma fabulous....

However, have you ever run out? I did, couldn’t believe it...I actually ran “used “ coffee grounds thru the coffeemaker! Pretty nasty stuff second time around!

Now I keep some instant coffee on hand just in case...LOL!


45 posted on 04/20/2013 10:19:31 PM PDT by caww
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To: 5th MEB

“Well beer is very good stuff, but my preferred dopamine starter is a good single malt scotch whiskey straight up.”

Be careful. Beer Street vs Gin Lane.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beer_Street_and_Gin_Lane


46 posted on 04/20/2013 10:30:03 PM PDT by VanShuyten ("a shadow...draped nobly in the folds of a gorgeous eloquence.")
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To: Jyotishi
Sorry Doc but this would only work on me if it was Beck's beer (or St Paulie Girl in a pinch). All American 'beer' tastes like pee (looks like it too) and that's not just my opinion(1).

Plus we put chemical additives in our 'beer' -- I get splitting migraines from one sip of American 'beer -- where in Germany that's against the law, just read the label on a Beck's beer bottle.

(1) Based on a Poll of all Germans who've come to the USA and tried to drink the swill we make here and call 'beer'.

47 posted on 04/21/2013 4:48:49 AM PDT by Condor51 (Si vis pacem, para bellum.)
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To: Sherman Logan
Bet it wouldn’t work in somebody who’d never drunk beer before.

My thoughts too - the aroma of a cheeseburger makes me drool much like Pavlov's dogs did when hit with a stimulus that was tied to another stimulus...

48 posted on 04/21/2013 5:25:41 AM PDT by trebb (Where in the the hell has my country gone?)
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To: Condor51; All

I like Beer from Britain, Belgium, and Germany.. I’m a beer snob....


49 posted on 04/21/2013 5:43:38 AM PDT by KevinDavis (Third Parties are for losers.)
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To: Jyotishi

I’m not worried. I drink Michelob Light (low carb), which from my reaction to it, contains no alcohol, regardless what’s listed on the label.


50 posted on 04/21/2013 7:48:17 AM PDT by TheOldLady
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