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Sabre engine could revolutionise space flight
Engineering and Technology Magazine ^ | 28 November 2012 | Sofia Mitra-Thakur

Posted on 11/29/2012 9:54:12 AM PST by the scotsman

'A UK company which hopes to build a re-usable space plane has won an important endorsement from the European Space Agency (ESA) after completing key tests on its novel engine technology.

Reaction Engines believes its novel Sabre engine, which would operate like a jet engine in the atmosphere and a rocket in space, could displace rockets for space access and transform air travel by bringing any destination on earth to no more than four hours away.

That ambition was given a boost this week by ESA, which has acted as an independent auditor on the Sabre test programme.

"ESA are satisfied that the tests demonstrate the technology required for the Sabre engine development," the agency's head of propulsion engineering Mark Ford told a news conference.

"One of the major obstacles to a re-usable vehicle has been removed," he said.

"The gateway is now open to move beyond the jet age."'

(Excerpt) Read more at eandt.theiet.org ...


TOPICS: Culture/Society; United Kingdom
KEYWORDS: esa; nasa; reactionengines; sabre; sabreengine; skylon; space; spaceexploration; spaceplane; unitedkingdom
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1 posted on 11/29/2012 9:54:22 AM PST by the scotsman
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To: the scotsman

London To Sydney Spaceflight Edges Closer

‘A British company believes it is a step closer to building a rocket plane that would get from London to Sydney within four hours.’

4:20pm UK, Wednesday 28 November 2012
Thomas Moore, Health And Science Correspondent

(excerpt)

‘British engineers have successfully tested a key component of an engine that could power a spaceplane from London to Sydney in under four hours.

The engineers have hailed it as the biggest breakthrough in aerospace propulsion “since the invention of the jet engine”.

Oxfordshire-based Reaction Engines hope to build a rocket plane called Lapcat that would take off from an ordinary runway, reach speeds of around 19,000mph in the upper atmosphere and then land like a normal jet aircraft.

While still in the atmosphere, the plane’s Sabre engine would combine on-board hydrogen fuel with oxygen that it “breathes” from the air. But the air needs to be super-cooled for the engine to work.

The company has now demonstrated a lightweight heat exchanger that pre-cools incoming air from 1000 degrees Celsius to minus 150 degrees in 1/100th of a second - six times faster than the blink of an eye - without blocking pipes with a layer of frost.

Alan Bond, who founded the company and led the research, said: “The team has been trying to solve this problem for over 30 years and we’ve finally done it.

“The Sabre engine has the potential to revolutionise our lives in the 21st century in the way the jet engine did in the 20th Century.”

The tests were validated by the European Space Agency.

Science minister David Willetts MP said: “This is a remarkable achievement for a remarkable company. Building on years of unique engineering know-how, Reaction Engines has shown the world that Britain remains at the forefront of technological innovation and can get ahead in the global race.”

The Sabre engine could also power a re-useable rocket plane called Skylon that could carry a large payload into space, reducing the cost of launching a satellite by more than 10 times.

By using available oxygen in the atmosphere it would reduce the amount of fuel it needs to carry, so it could reach orbit in a single stage. Current rockets require costly multiple stages which are jettisoned during their ascent.’

http://news.sky.com/...ht-edges-closer


2 posted on 11/29/2012 9:55:21 AM PST by the scotsman (i)
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To: the scotsman

Is it similar to the SCRAMJET?.........


3 posted on 11/29/2012 10:00:59 AM PST by Red Badger (Lincoln freed the slaves. Obama just got them ALL back......................)
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To: the scotsman

Skylon in flight showing the Sabre engine

4 posted on 11/29/2012 10:05:40 AM PST by Red Badger (Lincoln freed the slaves. Obama just got them ALL back......................)
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To: Red Badger; the scotsman

Not really, it uses a cryogenic precooler to cool the incoming air before stuffing it into the rocket nozzles.
They had a successful test of the precooler recently.
It’s not so much a scramjet as it is a ducted rocket with cooled air being fed to it from outside.
Inverse cycle engine or some such?
Seems to me that’s what it may be called.
I think.

Don’t quote me on that one.


5 posted on 11/29/2012 10:07:33 AM PST by Darksheare (Try my coffee, first one's free.....)
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To: the scotsman

I don’t ‘get’ why a great heat exchanger is so important.

Seems like it would be cooling waste heat that would better be used for propulsion.


6 posted on 11/29/2012 10:10:40 AM PST by mrsmith (Dumb sluts: Lifeblood of the Media, Backbone of the Democrat Party!)
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To: the scotsman
The company has now demonstrated a lightweight heat exchanger that pre-cools incoming air from 1000 degrees Celsius to minus 150 degrees in 1/100th of a second - six times faster than the blink of an eye - without blocking pipes with a layer of frost.

Wow! That's quite remarkable. I would have said "that's impossible" but it sounds like they have bragging rights.

7 posted on 11/29/2012 10:12:44 AM PST by GBA (Here in the Matrix, life is but a dream.)
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To: the scotsman
get from London to Sydney within four hours

Like the SST, it'll be too pricey/noisy for commercial flight

It'll be more like getting from Edwards AFB to Benghazi within four hours

8 posted on 11/29/2012 10:13:42 AM PST by kidd
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To: the scotsman

This is gotta be a scam for seeking funding, for a project they know will go nowhere, but which will keep them happily employed for a decade. In his book “Skunk Works”, Ben Rich describes his exploration of an SR-71 replacement concept that was to be hydrogen powered.

They decided it was a bad idea for a lot of reasons. A big one is demonstrated by the space shuttle. The giant external tank is mostly liquid hydrogen. Rich quickly learned you would need an enormous supply on board because they could not be refueled on a long flight. ( ie,,London to Sydney)
Also, it’s very dangerous to store and handle in large quantities. He described his trip to the national bureau of standards to meet with an expert about hydrogen and learn all he could. He describes how horrified that guy was when he asked how hard it would be to run a tank farm storing the stuff.

Hydrogen has it’s fine uses, but i doubt airliner fuel is one of them.


9 posted on 11/29/2012 10:14:39 AM PST by DesertRhino (I was standing with a rifle, waiting for soviet paratroopers, but communists just ran for office.)
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To: the scotsman

And sure enough, towards the end of the article,,

“The HOTOL study was launched in 1986, but two years later the government refused to fund it further.
In 1989 Bond helped form Reaction and designed its new concept craft, Skylon.”

Which he hopes ESA will fund now.


10 posted on 11/29/2012 10:21:10 AM PST by DesertRhino (I was standing with a rifle, waiting for soviet paratroopers, but communists just ran for office.)
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To: mrsmith
I don’t ‘get’ why a great heat exchanger is so important.

The article explains that at supersonic speeds, the air intake is compressed to such high temperatures that it melts the engine.
11 posted on 11/29/2012 10:25:26 AM PST by Colinsky
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To: the scotsman

12 posted on 11/29/2012 10:25:42 AM PST by Rebelbase
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To: SunkenCiv; KevinDavis
science/aviation ping

13 posted on 11/29/2012 10:30:10 AM PST by skinkinthegrass (Anger a Conservative by telling a lie; Anger a Liberal by telling the truth....RWR 8-)
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To: KeyLargo; All
aviation ping

14 posted on 11/29/2012 10:32:38 AM PST by skinkinthegrass (Anger a Conservative by telling a lie; Anger a Liberal by telling the truth....RWR 8-)
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To: Darksheare
pre-cools incoming air from 1000 degrees Celsius to minus 150 degrees in 1/100th of a second

I'm still trying to wrap my mind around that bit... What in the world could cool air that fast?

15 posted on 11/29/2012 10:53:09 AM PST by TheBattman (Isn't the lesser evil... still evil?)
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To: Darksheare

A cryogenic precooler?......

http://modified-tuning.blogspot.com/2010/04/intercoolers.html


16 posted on 11/29/2012 11:06:05 AM PST by Red Badger (Lincoln freed the slaves. Obama just got them ALL back......................)
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To: TheBattman

Liquid hydrogen, or methane.
Either will work, but the plumbing is slightly different between them.


17 posted on 11/29/2012 11:06:46 AM PST by Darksheare (Try my coffee, first one's free.....)
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To: Red Badger

Yes.
It is a cryogenic engine.


18 posted on 11/29/2012 11:07:53 AM PST by Darksheare (Try my coffee, first one's free.....)
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To: Darksheare

Probably punches holes in the ozone layer.

Ergo, we MUST KILL IT!.................


19 posted on 11/29/2012 11:13:24 AM PST by Red Badger (Lincoln freed the slaves. Obama just got them ALL back......................)
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To: TheBattman

My first wife could have accomplished that, but alas that’s only one engine... LOL


20 posted on 11/29/2012 11:17:45 AM PST by DoughtyOne (Hurricane Sandy..., a week later and over 60 million Americans still didn't have power.)
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