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Scientists Reveal Single Gene Is the Difference Between Humans and Apes
Medical Daily ^ | 21 November 2012 | MAKINI BRICE

Posted on 11/22/2012 12:40:23 PM PST by Fractal Trader

What makes us human? Some say that it is the development of language, though others argue that animals have language as well. Some say that it is our ability to use tools, though many animals are able to use rocks and other objects as primitive tools. Some say that it is our ability to see death coming.

Now, researchers believe that they have found the definitive difference between humans and other primates, and they think that the difference all comes down to a single gene.

Researchers from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland attribute the split of humanity from apes to the gene miR-941. They say that the gene played an integral role in human development and contributed to humans' ability to use tools and learn languages.

Most of the time, when one species diverges from another, that difference occurs because of gene mutations, duplications, or deletions. However, this gene is believed to have emerged, fully functional, from "junk DNA" in a breathtakingly short amount of evolutionary time.

Humans share 96 percent of their genes with other primates. Of the 4 percent that humans alone have, a significant portion of it has been widely labeled "junk DNA". Researchers have since that "junk DNA" is functional, even though it does not code. This is the first time that a gene that humans and other primates do not share has been shown to actually have a specific function within the body.

Researchers came to this conclusion after comparing the human genome to 11 other species of mammals, including gorillas, chimpanzees, mice, and rats. These comparisons were made so that the geneticists could find the difference between them.

In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers say that the gene emerged sometime between six and one million years ago. The gene is highly active in the regions of the brain that control language learning and decision making, indicating that it may play a significant role in the higher brain functions that make humans, well, human.


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Miscellaneous; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: apegenes; apes; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; junkdna; junkscience; mir941
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1 posted on 11/22/2012 12:40:27 PM PST by Fractal Trader
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To: SunkenCiv

ping


2 posted on 11/22/2012 12:41:01 PM PST by Fractal Trader
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yawwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwn.....


3 posted on 11/22/2012 12:41:40 PM PST by raygunfan
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Comment #4 Removed by Moderator

To: Fractal Trader

I’m at the point where I think a lot of scientists are full of crap. One gene difference doesn’t make sense. We differ person to person.


5 posted on 11/22/2012 12:44:32 PM PST by Sacajaweau
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To: Fractal Trader

6 posted on 11/22/2012 12:47:14 PM PST by Dallas59 (President Robert Gibbs 2009-2011)
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To: Sacajaweau

Apes and humans also have a different amount of chromosomes which also makes a difference. Obviously a pretty big difference!

Humans, animals and plants contain the same biological building blocks such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen et al, but that doesn’t mean we are related. It just goes to show that an enormous variety of life forms can be made from just a few ingredients.


7 posted on 11/22/2012 12:51:01 PM PST by PrairieLady2
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To: Fractal Trader

1/4 of a gene in some


8 posted on 11/22/2012 12:51:01 PM PST by Doogle ((USAF.68-73..8th TFW Ubon Thailand..never store a threat you should have eliminated))
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To: Fractal Trader

Which means one of two things...

1. either that using genetic differences as a way of judging differences between species or within a specie is totally worthless, or...
2. they haven’t looked at the genes in sufficient details to observe all the differences

In other words, if by looking at genes you have a hard time differentiating a chimpanzee from an Einstein or Sophia Loren, then it’s a useless tool for predicting what someone will end up being. Sort of like saying monkeys and humans both have two legs, so there must be no difference between them?


9 posted on 11/22/2012 12:56:39 PM PST by aquila48
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To: Fractal Trader

Well I’ll be a monkey’s uncle.


10 posted on 11/22/2012 1:04:27 PM PST by Gator113 (**WHO in the hell gave the damn order to NOT rescue our men in Benghazi?**)
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To: Fractal Trader

“Junk” DNA is simply the data segment. Humans are apes with an upgrade. Most of them, anyway.


11 posted on 11/22/2012 1:10:07 PM PST by NonValueAdded ("Our president ... makes big speeches packed full of little ideas" Charles C. W. Cooke)
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To: Fractal Trader

Add it to the ape and make a human. Then we’ll talk.


12 posted on 11/22/2012 1:11:41 PM PST by HomeAtLast ( Thank You, Heavenly Father.)
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To: Chode

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMVGJVgsoHg&list=FLopSmq3DBSSU3Q6YI3uljKw&index=1&feature=plpp_video


13 posted on 11/22/2012 1:12:25 PM PST by Doogle ((USAF.68-73..8th TFW Ubon Thailand..never store a threat you should have eliminated))
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To: Fractal Trader

Anything i said here,,,,


14 posted on 11/22/2012 1:24:56 PM PST by DesertRhino (I was standing with a rifle, waiting for soviet paratroopers, but communists just ran for office.)
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To: Fractal Trader

Humans wear Wranglers. Apes wear Levis.


15 posted on 11/22/2012 1:51:33 PM PST by TigersEye (Who is John Galt?)
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To: NonValueAdded

Are you saying human is Ape Vs 1.01 or Ape Second Edition :)


16 posted on 11/22/2012 2:07:22 PM PST by The Cajun (Sarah Palin, Mark Levin......Nuff said.)
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To: Fractal Trader

Some studies possibly indicate a suggestion of a connection between may be related and associated with but not always so furthr clarification of pending questions might be needed.

Others are of the opinion this may be the exception to the general rule that variation occurs at times in an unpredictable way but as yet they’re not sure without further studies.


17 posted on 11/22/2012 2:10:34 PM PST by count-your-change (You don't have to be brilliant, not being stupid is enough.)
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To: Fractal Trader

Is it Gene Shalit?


18 posted on 11/22/2012 2:12:12 PM PST by gundog (Help us, Nairobi-Wan Kenobi...you're our only hope.)
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To: TigersEye
But are they tight fittin'?


19 posted on 11/22/2012 2:22:42 PM PST by Bratch
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To: NonValueAdded
Humans are apes with an upgrade. Most of them, anyway.

Everybody gets the app. Not everyone has a hard drive that can handle the software.

20 posted on 11/22/2012 2:22:51 PM PST by TigersEye (Who is John Galt?)
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To: Bratch

Ok the next time we need eye bleach, this is it.


21 posted on 11/22/2012 2:25:28 PM PST by central_va ( I won't be reconstructed and I do not give a damn.)
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To: Bratch
Those are either installed with bacon grease and a come-along or they're painted on.
Either way it's pinging a chromosome somewhere on my helix.
22 posted on 11/22/2012 2:28:08 PM PST by TigersEye (Who is John Galt?)
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To: Bratch

Dang!!! I love genetics.


23 posted on 11/22/2012 2:30:28 PM PST by Have Ruck - Will Travel (Hmm, I wonder what would happen if I...)
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To: Gator113
Well I’ll be a monkey’s uncle.

Does that mean apes are descended from humans?

God works in mysterious ways...very mysterious.

24 posted on 11/22/2012 2:34:53 PM PST by stboz
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To: vladimir998

Now there is a post I’ll bet some DUmper puts up over there on that site as ‘proof’ FReepers are knuckle dragging racists. Not that I really give a hoot what those clowns think but just sayin’. Flame away folks!


25 posted on 11/22/2012 2:35:20 PM PST by bobby.223 (Retired up in the snowy mountains of the American Redoubt and it's a GREAT life!)
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To: Bratch

You will never get me to believe there’s only one gene difference between those sweeties and an ape, but I want proof, I think they should take their genes off so we can look.


26 posted on 11/22/2012 2:46:01 PM PST by redfreedom (The spineless RINO's have made themselves irrelevent and lost the country for us.)
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To: Fractal Trader
Hmmm.


27 posted on 11/22/2012 2:46:01 PM PST by PA Engineer (Liberate America from the Occupation Media.)
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To: stboz

Yes. First they devolved into democrats, then they grew hair and learned to live in the trees, make funny noises and scream for no apparent reason.

This is why I don’t eat bananas in public, they’ll steal them right out of your hand.


28 posted on 11/22/2012 2:50:30 PM PST by Gator113 (**WHO in the hell gave the damn order to NOT rescue our men in Benghazi?**)
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To: Doogle

Whatever that gene does, it wasn’t fully expressed in a couple of friends of mine. I used to think they just had more Neanderthal than most Europeans.


29 posted on 11/22/2012 3:07:01 PM PST by VanShuyten ("a shadow...draped nobly in the folds of a gorgeous eloquence.")
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To: Fractal Trader
Looking at the “People of Walmart” site I am saying that maybe not even that much.
30 posted on 11/22/2012 3:13:20 PM PST by verga (A nation divided by Zero!)
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To: Fractal Trader
The very idea of "junk DNA" has been junk science since its inception. This study verifies that we remain largely ignorant of how these strings of protein actually operate, even though we can map their molecules. The tweaking of one gene is the tip of the functional iceberg.
31 posted on 11/22/2012 3:53:18 PM PST by hinckley buzzard
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To: Bratch
That's weird. Why do they have those black things attached to their crotches?
32 posted on 11/22/2012 3:55:37 PM PST by hinckley buzzard
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To: Fractal Trader

this “human” ape gene works a lot better in some people these days than others...


33 posted on 11/22/2012 4:02:06 PM PST by faithhopecharity
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To: Fractal Trader

34 posted on 11/22/2012 4:06:50 PM PST by JoeProBono (A closed mouth gathers no feet - Mater tua caligas exercitus gerit ;-{)
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To: Gator113
"Well I’ll be a monkey’s uncle."

More correctly.....a monkey was your uncle (actually great x 10^4 or 5 uncle).

35 posted on 11/22/2012 4:08:00 PM PST by Wonder Warthog
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To: Doogle
must be Papa in the middle flanked by the Oom Mow Mows
36 posted on 11/22/2012 4:10:53 PM PST by Chode (American Hedonist - *DTOM* -ww- NO Pity for the LAZY)
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To: Wonder Warthog

;>)


37 posted on 11/22/2012 4:13:13 PM PST by Gator113 (**WHO in the hell gave the damn order to NOT rescue our men in Benghazi?**)
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To: Bratch

Very nice, but how many horses did you see?


38 posted on 11/22/2012 4:22:56 PM PST by wrench
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To: Sacajaweau

The “scientists” monkeyed around with the data!


39 posted on 11/22/2012 4:37:55 PM PST by Greg123456
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To: TigersEye

And a lot of them get CPUs that were binned out for low speed operation.


40 posted on 11/22/2012 4:42:37 PM PST by Erasmus (Zwischen des Teufels und des tiefen, blauen Meers)
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To: Chode

*LOL*


41 posted on 11/22/2012 6:27:01 PM PST by Doogle ((USAF.68-73..8th TFW Ubon Thailand..never store a threat you should have eliminated))
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To: Bratch
what are the crotch adornments???
42 posted on 11/22/2012 6:51:00 PM PST by Chode (American Hedonist - *DTOM* -ww- NO Pity for the LAZY)
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To: Bratch

43 posted on 11/22/2012 7:13:43 PM PST by Doogle ((USAF.68-73..8th TFW Ubon Thailand..never store a threat you should have eliminated))
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To: Erasmus

heh heh heh


44 posted on 11/22/2012 8:43:53 PM PST by TigersEye (Who is John Galt?)
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To: Chode

Napkins. 8^D


45 posted on 11/22/2012 8:46:59 PM PST by TigersEye (Who is John Galt?)
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To: TigersEye
ahh, how thoughtful...
46 posted on 11/22/2012 8:58:09 PM PST by Chode (American Hedonist - *DTOM* -ww- NO Pity for the LAZY)
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To: Greg123456

Thumbs up on your opinion.


47 posted on 11/22/2012 9:10:33 PM PST by Sacajaweau
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To: Fractal Trader

Evolutionist cannot find the missing links in the fossil record so this represents a plausible escape mechanism; to wit, only one slip in the DNA reproduction and there you have it goo to zoo to you.


48 posted on 11/22/2012 9:11:01 PM PST by UpInArms (without failure there's no success only slavery)
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To: Fractal Trader

This is after they spent some good amount of time trying to find a working set of mutations that would get from the precursor of man/ape to both men and apes without running through dead-end or fatal genetic sequences.

See, it’s easy to say you have 96% the same parts. For a rough analogy, you could say that Microsoft Windows and Mac OS share almost all of the same base coding structures (they differ only in how they are combined), but if you tried to get from one to another by changing a few lines of code at a time, you wouldn’t get programs that worked with the intermediate steps.

So, since they couldn’t find workable mutations that would connect the species, they instead looked for something in the “non-working genes” . See, if all of your “changes” are in things that don’t matter, they don’t have to “work”. Just one day, by magic, these non-working genes become “working”, and “abra-cadabra”, random natural evolution is saved from it’s inconvenient truths.


49 posted on 11/22/2012 10:51:03 PM PST by CharlesWayneCT
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To: Sacajaweau

Opposable thumbs up at that!


50 posted on 11/22/2012 11:34:15 PM PST by Greg123456 (Don't make me open a can of monster.)
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