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Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Hubble Ultra Deep Field 2014
NASA ^ | June 05, 2014 | (see photo credit)

Posted on 06/05/2014 3:59:52 AM PDT by SunkenCiv

Explanation: Galaxies like colorful pieces of candy fill the Hubble Ultra Deep Field 2014. The dimmest galaxies are more than 10 billion times fainter than stars visible to the unaided eye and represent the Universe in the extreme past, a few 100 million years after the Big Bang. The image itself was made with the significant addition of ultraviolet data to the Hubble Ultra Deep Field, an update of Hubble's famous most distant gaze toward the southern constellation of Fornax. It now covers the entire range of wavelengths available to Hubble's cameras, from ultraviolet through visible to near-infrared. Ultraviolet data adds the crucial capability of studying star formation in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field galaxies between 5 and 10 billion light-years distant.

June 05, 2014

(Excerpt) Read more at 129.164.179.22 ...


TOPICS: Astronomy; Astronomy Picture of the Day; Science
KEYWORDS: apod; astronomy; science
[Credit: NASA, ESA, H.Teplitz and M.Rafelski (IPAC/Caltech), A. Koekemoer (STScI), R. Windhorst(ASU), Z. Levay (STScI)]

1 posted on 06/05/2014 3:59:53 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: brytlea; cripplecreek; decimon; bigheadfred; KoRn; Grammy; steelyourfaith; Mmogamer; dayglored; ...
The big version is pretty, and pretty neat.
The Big One

2 posted on 06/05/2014 4:01:23 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv

Totally awesome...and amazing.


3 posted on 06/05/2014 4:07:02 AM PDT by Adder (No, Mr. Franklin, we could NOT keep it.)
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To: SunkenCiv

As they say on TV, every speck you see is another galaxy.


4 posted on 06/05/2014 4:21:29 AM PDT by ComputerGuy (BS, MS, PhD and a BMF besides)
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To: ComputerGuy

Looks a lot like Hubble Ultra Deep Field 2013.


5 posted on 06/05/2014 5:10:07 AM PDT by Slambat
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To: SunkenCiv

Starting my day by viewing the HUD... bound to be a great one! God’s Creation is so magnificent, so utterly beyond my comprehension... really puts whatever tasks and problems I may face in perspective. Thank you!!


6 posted on 06/05/2014 5:25:39 AM PDT by dayglored (Listen, strange women lying in ponds distributing swords is...sounding pretty good about now.)
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To: ComputerGuy
As they say on TV, every speck you see is another galaxy.

Wonder if they have any liberals...

7 posted on 06/05/2014 5:35:04 AM PDT by COBOL2Java (I'm a Christian, pro-life, pro-gun, Reaganite. The GOP hates me. Why should I vote for them?)
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To: dayglored

Although you can look at this image, and recognize what it is, the content itself is literally beyond human ability to imagine.


8 posted on 06/05/2014 5:36:37 AM PDT by The Antiyuppie ("When small men cast long shadows, then it is very late in the day.")
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To: SunkenCiv



What is this lovely and unique little thing in the lower right corner?
9 posted on 06/05/2014 5:44:21 AM PDT by TheOldLady
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To: SunkenCiv
a few 100 million years after the Big Bang

I still cannot understand how all matter comes from a point in space.

Amazing picture.

10 posted on 06/05/2014 6:23:36 AM PDT by FatherofFive (Islam is evil and must be eradicated)
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To: SunkenCiv

ALL THESE WORLDS
ARE YOURS EXCEPT
EUROPA
ATTEMPT NO
LANDING THERE


11 posted on 06/05/2014 7:08:36 AM PDT by VaRepublican (I would propagate taglines but I don't know how. But bloggers do.)
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To: ComputerGuy; TheOldLady
There are actually three stars visible in the image which are in the immediate foreground and reside in our Milky Way galaxy: the one highlighted by Lady and two more in the upper-left. They're distinguishable by the spikes associated with them, which are camera artifacts. Every other object is a distant galaxy.

Astronomers selected this portion of the sky for their very long exposure precisely because of the near-total absence of intervening objects. Its point was to discover just how many very faint and distant galaxies really exist. Every tiny faint color-spot is an entire galaxy, averaging two hundred billion stars each!

12 posted on 06/05/2014 10:28:54 AM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: Hebrews 11:6

Ah... So. Thank you for pointing the other two out. I was so dazzled by the one
I posted that I stopped looking for others.

So there is a “little” window through which we are able to see all those galaxies
out there, but the rainbow lens effects are from stars much closer to home here.

Again, thank you.


13 posted on 06/05/2014 10:35:55 AM PDT by TheOldLady
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To: FatherofFive
I still cannot understand how all matter comes from a point in space.

What seems incomprehensible about that? Of course, there is nothing even remotely similar in our personal experiences, but we grasp things all the time that we haven't gone through ourselves.

In roughest terms, imagine a grenade exploding, with its contents radiating out in an expanding sphere.

So, what's troubling? Its improbability? Its immensity? How all space and matter could begin in an infinitesimally small volume? The fact that a seemingly highly-ordered universe is its result?

14 posted on 06/05/2014 10:36:11 AM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: SunkenCiv

Thanks for posting. Surely this remains as the single most wonderful photograph ever taken, and its enhancements keep making it even better!


15 posted on 06/05/2014 10:37:24 AM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: TheOldLady
A logical next question might be, why do the three stars have camera spikes while the much more distant galaxies do not? I'm no expert, but I presume the answer lies in the photographic method. In order to capture the few photons reaching us from the very faintest galaxies (the faint pinpricks of light you see in-between all the obvious large galaxies), astronomers trained the Hubble Space Telescope on this patch of sky and left the lens open for ten days. The objects at galactic range would show no apparent movement at all, but nearby stars might--all the Milky Way stars, including our sun, are rotating around the galactic center. So, my uninformed guess is that those camera spikes are registering slight star movement.
16 posted on 06/05/2014 10:44:21 AM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: Hebrews 11:6
How all space and matter could begin in an infinitesimally small volume?

This is it. I don't understand the physics.

In my small mind, the 'Big Bang' was either:
1. a 'leak' from another dimension
2. the finger of God

17 posted on 06/05/2014 10:44:36 AM PDT by FatherofFive (Islam is evil and must be eradicated)
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To: The Antiyuppie
the content itself is literally beyond human ability to imagine

Agreed. I am in awe. I've read Hawkings, 'A brief history of time' but it never get to how much matter can be compressed to a singularity.

18 posted on 06/05/2014 10:46:52 AM PDT by FatherofFive (Islam is evil and must be eradicated)
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To: SunkenCiv

“10 billion light-years”

Just a second, let me wrap my mind around the concept of ten billion light years.

There, got it.

Everybody believes me, right?


19 posted on 06/05/2014 11:13:39 AM PDT by dsc (Any attempt to move a government to the left is a crime against humanity.)
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To: Hebrews 11:6

“So, what’s troubling?”

Where did it come from?


20 posted on 06/05/2014 11:15:09 AM PDT by dsc (Any attempt to move a government to the left is a crime against humanity.)
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To: Hebrews 11:6

“Every tiny faint color-spot is an entire galaxy, averaging two hundred billion stars each!”

Not trying to be clever, but I had the impression that some of the spots were clusters of galaxies. Or does Hubble have the power to resolve even those into their discreet galaxies?


21 posted on 06/05/2014 11:18:14 AM PDT by dsc (Any attempt to move a government to the left is a crime against humanity.)
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To: Hebrews 11:6

Very interesting. Thanks again.


22 posted on 06/05/2014 11:42:19 AM PDT by TheOldLady
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To: FatherofFive
Well, we all have small minds when it comes to comprehending the universe's creation, but scientists have studied it well enough by now to have learned most of what we need. If you'll permit me, I'd like to walk you through just the highlights. [You're already aware from my nickname and tagline that I'm a Christian.]

Astrophysicists and cosmologists are in near-universal agreement that the hot big bang model is correct. When you hear of developments, they're in the order of refinements, not changes.

A beginning implies a transcendant Beginner. These same scientists routinely acknowledge that (and astronomers are theists in great proportion and almost uniformly at least deists), but they often desperately cast about looking futilely for alternatives.

In other words, your surmise as to God's involvement is entirely correct. It's been proven and acknowledged scientifically that there was an intelligent Creator, but most scientists and journalists aren't eager to publicize that.

For one example--and this is just one example of many hundreds of scientifically proven evidences for intelligent and purposeful design--the mass-density of the universe at three minutes after the Big Bang ranks as the most exquisite proof of God's fine-tuning. By three minutes after the creation event, as the infant universe was expanding at enormous velocity and rapidly cooling, only hydrogen atoms existed. As the universe expanded and cooled from roughly 200 billion degrees down to about 18 billion, a portion of those hydrogen atoms fused into helium atoms. If too little helium formed, then the universe's continuing expansion would have prevented galaxies from forming; whereas if too much helium had formed, then only black holes would have resulted. In neither case would life of any kind ever had been possible.

With me so far? Here's the clincher: the rate of helium formation depended on how quickly the universe cooled, because helium fusion was only possible in that temperature range. The universe's expansion-rate determined the cooling rate, and the expansion rate depended on the total mass of the universe: obviously, a "heavier" object explodes, and cools, more slowly than a lighter one. What scientists have discovered is, if the universe's mass had been greater or lesser by just the mass of one of our dimes, then we'd either have no galaxies at all or else only black holes. That's how finely-tuned God crafted our universe.

If you're interested in learning more, please visit www.Reasons.org, the website of Reasons to Believe, founded and run by Christian astrophysicist and minister Dr. Hugh Ross. You'll find it, I think, well worth your time. Dr. Ross has authored over a dozen books on this and related subjects, including: Why the Universe Is the Way It Is, Creation and Time, Creation as Science, Beyond the Cosmos, The Fingerprint of God, The Genesis Question, and most recently Navigating Genesis.

And, if you'd like to discuss it further with me here, I'd be glad to try helping. I imagine that you, as the Father of Five, feel the need not only for personal understanding but also for the ability to guide and educate those of whom you're obviously so proud. That's how God feels about us.

23 posted on 06/05/2014 11:42:30 AM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: dsc
I'd like to respond to your three posts separately, in turn.

I, too, needed a way to try to picture a billion. I finally found it when I realized that my heart beats one billion times about every thirty years. Currently, I'm at about 2.2 billion.

Light travels at 186,300 miles per second, more or less. So a light-minute is 60 times 186,300, a light-hour x 3,600, a light-day x 86,400, and a light-year x 31,536,000. So, a light-year is about 5.9 trillion miles, and 10 billion light-years is 5.9 sextillion miles. I'm just going to pace that off--I'll be right back.

24 posted on 06/05/2014 11:53:48 AM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: Hebrews 11:6
Thanks for your reply.

I have studied the 'Big Bang' and all the problems with a secular explanation - clumping, the need for 'dark matter' and on and on.

I have never seen a lucid secular explanation of how all the matter in the universe could come from the head of a pin

25 posted on 06/05/2014 11:54:20 AM PDT by FatherofFive (Islam is evil and must be eradicated)
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To: dsc
Where did it come from?

God. Please see my post #23.

26 posted on 06/05/2014 11:55:16 AM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: dsc
I had the impression that some of the spots were clusters of galaxies. Or does Hubble have the power to resolve even those into their discreet galaxies?

Interesting point. Obviously there are several prominent galaxy clusters in the foreground. I clicked on the direct NASA link a while ago and then zoomed in as far as my browser would go, and by then I thought I was beginning to see individual pixels, so I may have been approaching the practical limits of magnification.

Some of those faintest glimmers no doubt were indeed clusters. I wasn't thinking about that at the time, but now that you've mentioned it I'll go back and look for them. But I'm quite sure you're correct.

27 posted on 06/05/2014 12:01:18 PM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: FatherofFive

Well said. Me, neither.


28 posted on 06/05/2014 12:02:19 PM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: Hebrews 11:6

“God. Please see my post #23.”

Yeah, I’m good with that. I just wanted to get an answer from the God-deniers.


29 posted on 06/05/2014 12:22:20 PM PDT by dsc (Any attempt to move a government to the left is a crime against humanity.)
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To: dsc

Flushing them from cover!


30 posted on 06/05/2014 12:24:48 PM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: Hebrews 11:6

“I’m just going to pace that off”

Are you back yet?


31 posted on 06/05/2014 12:39:35 PM PDT by dsc (Any attempt to move a government to the left is a crime against humanity.)
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To: dsc

It’s a process.


32 posted on 06/05/2014 2:08:16 PM PDT by Hebrews 11:6 (Do you REALLY believe that (1) God IS, and (2) God IS GOOD?)
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To: SunkenCiv

Just thought this was very cool. A video of the sun from the space station. When the space station orbits parallel with the terminator, the sun never sets.

https://vine.co/v/MD1eEQEjM9u


33 posted on 06/06/2014 3:22:29 PM PDT by cripplecreek (Remember the River Raisin.)
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To: dsc

;’)


34 posted on 06/06/2014 4:52:10 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: cripplecreek

Wow, nice!


35 posted on 06/06/2014 4:58:33 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: FatherofFive
I still cannot understand how all matter comes from a point in space.

Check it out!

http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Articles/kabbalah/Creation/creation.html

36 posted on 06/09/2014 4:07:37 PM PDT by Jeremiah Jr (EL CHaI)
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To: SunkenCiv
Check this out for perspective!

Zoom and pan of Hubble's colourful view of the Universe
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=peqCfW8hSzQ

37 posted on 06/09/2014 4:19:07 PM PDT by Jeremiah Jr (EL CHaI)
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